## 2.76 Justification

Category: Epistemology

Keywords: believing, beliefs, epistemically, belief, justification, reliable, justified, reliability, epistemic, goldman, forming, believe, believed, accepting, warrant

Number of Articles: 515
Percentage of Total: 1.6%
Rank: 11th

Weighted Number of Articles: 468.9
Percentage of Total: 1.5%
Rank: 14th

Mean Publication Year: 1991.3
Weighted Mean Publication Year: 1987.2
Median Publication Year: 1994
Modal Publication Year: 1996

Topic with Most Overlap: Knowledge (0.0603)
Topic this Overlaps Most With: Knowledge (0.0734)
Topic with Least Overlap: Beauty (0.00046)
Topic this Overlaps Least With: Classical Space and Time (0.00091)

Another way to think about the division the model is making here is that the earlier topic is Knowledge-first epistemology, this is Belief-first epistemology, and the upcoming topic on Formal Epistemology is credence-first epistemology. The model thinks ‘justified’ and ‘justification’ are, respectively, $$10^5$$ and $$10^8$$ times more likely to appear in this topic than in Knowledge. But it also thinks ‘believe’, ‘believing’, ‘beliefs’ and ‘believed’ are, respectively, $$10^3$$, $$10^5$$, $$10^{14}$$ and $$10^{15}$$ times more likely to be here. On the other hand, it thinks ‘know’ and ‘knows’ are $$10^6$$ and $$10^{14}$$ times less likely to be here than in Knowledge, while ‘skeptic’ and ‘williamson’ are also $$10^{14}$$ and $$10^{20}$$ times less likely. Obviously a lot of these words are used in a lot of the articles you seee above, which is why the model has ambivalent verdicts about the papers. But that’s the distinction it is drawing.