2.49 Virtues

Category: Ethics

Keywords: judgements, stevenson, virtuous, judgement, virtues, courage, emotive, judging, evaluative, evaluations, thick, hare, merit, egoism, appraisal

Number of Articles: 199
Percentage of Total: 0.6%
Rank: 75th

Weighted Number of Articles: 209.3
Percentage of Total: 0.7%
Rank: 81st

Mean Publication Year: 1978.2
Weighted Mean Publication Year: 1975.4
Median Publication Year: 1976
Modal Publication Year: 1968

Topic with Most Overlap: Ordinary Language (0.0653)
Topic this Overlaps Most With: Moral Conscience (0.0239)
Topic with Least Overlap: Quantum Physics (0.00033)
Topic this Overlaps Least With: Quantum Physics (0.00022)


Figure 2.115: Virtues

Virtues Articles in Each Journal

Figure 2.116: Virtues Articles in Each Journal


Given that this topic covers virtue ethics, and discussions of individual virtues, and emotivism, I was surprised to see how low it came in. I was particularly bit surprised to see so little life in the Journal of Philosophy graph, and not even much in the Philosophy and Public Affairs graph. You really do see here a split between ethics and political philosophy.

A slight surprise here is that “Stevenson” turns up as a keyword. It isn’t surprising that this is a keyword at all; Charles Leslie Stevenson is one of the most important figures in mid-century philosophy. It’s rather that it isn’t entirely clear why the model put the work that engages with Stevenson here rather than somewhere else.

Part of what makes this odd is that the model only puts one of Stevenson’s own journal articles in this topic.

Table 2.20: Articles with Author Charles Leslie Stevenson
Year Article Subject Probability
1937 Charles Leslie Stevenson (1937) “The Emotive Meaning Of Ethical Terms” Mind 46:14-31. Ordinary Language 0.2141
1938 Charles Leslie Stevenson (1938) “Persuasive Definitions” Mind 47:331-350. Virtues 0.2357
1938 Charles Leslie Stevenson (1938) “Ethical Judgments And Avoidability” Mind 47:45-57. Promises and Imperatives 0.1962
1947 Charles L. Stevenson (1947) “Some Relations Between Philosophy And The Study Of Language” Analysis 8:1-9. Ordinary Language 0.3154
1948 Charles L. Stevenson (1948) “Meaning: Descriptive And Emotive” Philosophical Review 57:127-144. Definitions 0.2303
1950 Charles L. Stevenson (1950) “The Emotive Conception Of Ethics And Its Cognitive Implications” Philosophical Review 59:291-304. Ordinary Language 0.1996
1950 Charles L. Stevenson (1950) “Brandt’s Questions About Emotive Ethics” Philosophical Review 59:528-534. Definitions 0.2335
1957 Charles L. Stevenson (1957) “On”What Is A Poem?"" Philosophical Review 66:329-362. Ordinary Language 0.2705
1958 Charles L. Stevenson (1958) “On The”Analysis" Of A Work Of Art" Philosophical Review 67:33-51. Beauty 0.3080
1962 Charles L. Stevenson (1962) “Reflections On John Dewey’s Ethics” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 62:77-98. Ordinary Language 0.2808
1970 Charles L. Stevenson (1970) “If-Iculties” Philosophy of Science 37:27-49. Propositions and Implications 0.3320

Stevenson’s own most important work, the book Ethics and Language, is not part of this study. But we can look at the works that engage with that book. But it’s good to look directly at the raw data. Which articles use the word ‘Stevenson’ most often? And do those articles mean to refer to Charles Leslie Stevenson?

Table 2.21: Articles in which the word ‘stevenson’ appears most often
Article Subject Word Count
Kurt Baier (1967) “Fact, Value, And Norm In Stevenson’s Ethics” Noûs 1:139-160. Norms 88
Stuart Gerry Brown (1959) “Eisenhower And Stevenson In The Mccarthy Era: A Study In Leadership” Ethics 69:233-254. War 81
Stuart Gerry Brown (1960) “Civil Rights And National Leadership: Eisenhower And Stevenson In The 1950’S” Ethics 70:118-134. War 54
Leslie Stevenson and Ralph Walker (1983) “Empirical Realism And Transcendental Anti-Realism” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (Supplementary Volume) 57:131-177. Ordinary Language 47
W. H. Hay (1947) “C. L. Stevenson And Ethical Analysis” Philosophical Review 56:422-430. Definitions 45
Mike Ridge (2013) “Disagreement” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86:41-63. Norms 45
Vincent Tomas (1951) “Ethical Disagreements And The Emotive Theory Of Values” Mind 60:205-222. Virtues 44
Richard Robinson, H. J. Paton and R. C. Cross (1948) “Symposium: The Emotive Theory Of Ethics” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society (Supplementary Volume) 22:79-140. Ordinary Language 41
Alexander Sesonske (1953) “On The Skepticism Of Ethics And Language” Journal of Philosophy 50:608-616. Norms 40
Asher Moore (1951) “The Emotive Theory And Rational Methods In Moral Controversy” Mind 60:233-240. Moral Conscience 39

The two articles by Brown are about Adlai Stevenson, and the exchange between Leslie Stevenson and Ralph Walker is about Leslie Stevenson, but the rest I believe are about Charles Leslie Stevenson. And they naturally spread across a range of topics.

I think that part of what’s happening here is that Stevenson’s work is so wide ranging that the model doesn’t feel comfortable putting it into any one topic. Look, for instance, at how low the numbers are in the table of Stevenson’s work. It somehow left the word ‘stevenson’ in this model, but that’s balanced out by the fact that the words Stevenson himself used are mostly in other topics.