Military Campaigns of Suleyman the Magnificent:
and Interaction as Space/Time Transformations
pages above contain numerous links to important participants and to
references, timelines, and bibliographies.
In addition to the hundreds mounted
there, the following link contains a few extra references
not found elsewhere.
SPACE AND TIME
CHANGE THROUGH TIME FROM HUMAN DECISIONS...
The Ottoman Empire in a global
context: an animated scene showing general spatial change through time. The yellow boundary represents the extent of
the Ottoman Empire by 1352; the orange boundary represents its extent
1480; and, the red boundary represents its extent by 1590.
To see a QuickTime movie version of the animated map above, in which
user can control the rate of movement, click
chart for all maps on this site to give approximate distances (as the
flies), independent of projection and other factors:
to East end of Black Sea is 650 miles
Istanbul to Northern tip of
Black Sea is 400 miles
Istanbul to Rhodes is 330 miles
Istanbul to Sofia is 320 miles
Istanbul to Vienna is 800 miles
Istanbul to Alexandria is 675
Istanbul to Baghdad is 990
Istanbul to Tunis is 1000 miles
MAY SHAPE HUMAN DECISION-MAKING
- Click here to
see a globe showing the general topography, relief and hydrology,
the boundaries above. Click on the "buttons" to the left of the
to enlarge the image up to 1600 times.
- Close-ups of
click on the map below, in the region of your interest, to see patterns
of relief and hydrology more local than those portrayed on the globe in
the link above.
- Click here to see a close-up on the
globe above showing selected modern
names in relation to topography and hydrology, within Ottoman Empire
shown in the animation on this page. Click on a dot representing
a place; a portion of the underlying database pops up, in this case,
the name of the locale. Future work may also enlarge the data
to include fields with information about the classical places.
- Geographic Information
software was used to make maps that were not scanned. ArcView GIS
v. 3.3 was used with Spatial Analyst Extension, 3D Analyst Extension,
ESRI, together with the Digital Chart of the World from ESRI (based on
military files). ImageMapper extension from Alta 4, for ArcView
used to make the globe in the first link of this section.
This map is built in Adobe Photoshop
from scanned images, used as a base map, from Inalcik (pages 24 and
Hot spots have been added to make the map clickable. Run the
over the map, and click, to see the close-ups come up in a new
Useful older maps can be adapted to new scenes and enhanced with extra
GENEALOGY OF THE OTTOMAN DYNASTY
(After Inalcik, pp. 204-205)
offer visual evidence of temporal pattern. When the line segments
adjacent rectangles are scaled according to time, additional
is transformed into a spatial format. Another interesting view of the
is as a dynamic object that represents the stability, or lack thereof,
in a system. Scramble the applet; does it settle down to a steady
The size of the bounding box helps to determine the steadiness of the
are many parallels to these ideas in human systems. Move the red
box--try moving it to the lower right corner of the display. Move other
parts of the applet as you wish, to expose names or genealogical
Notice the strong linear pattern in earlier times with more
of pattern in more recent times. Does that pattern mirror
fragmentation and decline of the Ottoman Empire?
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