UP532: Sustainable Development -
Resolving Economic and Environmental Conflicts
College of Architecture + Urban Planning
University Of Michigan, Winter 2014
TuTh 4: 00 - 5:30 PM (2213 Art & Architecture Building)
class listserv: up532w14@ctools.umich.edu

modified: Sunday, March 30, 2014

course overview
ctools (online resources, authentication required)
ebrary (online books through UM Library, authentication required)

Prof. Scott D. Campbell
office:  2225C A&AB
(734) 763-2077
Office hours
quick links

case studies
Jan 14 - 30

Feb 6 - 27
Mar 11 - 13
Mar 18 - Apr 3


Readings by Week (additions/changes possible).
[Sources: ebrary (online books through UM Library); if no link provided, text on ctools site.]

Jan 9: Course Introduction


I. Case studies of Environmental-Economic-Social Conflict

Jan 14 - 16: Water

Jan 14: East Coast/Europe:
Gandy, Matthew. 2002. Concrete and clay : reworking nature in New York City, Urban and industrial environments. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. (Chapter 1: "Water, Space and Power," pp. 19-75 - in ctools)
[NOTE: electronic text also available online via UM Library's NetLibrary.] *do also read the very useful introduction.

Kaika, Maria, and Erik Swyngedouw. "Fetishizing the Modern City: The Phantasmagoria of Urban Technological Networks." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 24, No. 1, March 2000, pp. 120-138.

Jan 16: the American West
Reisner, M. 1993. Cadillac desert: the American West and its disappearing water. revised ed. New York and London: Penguin Books. [chapter excerpts: "A Semidesert with a Desert Heart" and "A Country of Illusion," pp. 1-51.] (see also google book preview)

Judith E. Innes , Sarah Connick & David Booher (2007): Informality as a Planning Strategy, Journal of the American Planning Association, 73:2, 195-210. [subtitle: "Collaborative Water Management in the CALFED Bay-Delta Program"; part of a special issue on water]

see also:

Macaulay, David. 1983. Underground. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. [ebrary] [a modern classic set of illustrations; see section on underground water, sewer and storm drain systems, ca. pp. 44-65]

Kallis, Giorgos, Michael Kiparsky, and Richard Norgaard. 2009. "Collaborative governance and adaptive management: Lessons from California's CALFED Water Program." Environmental Science & Policy 12 (6):631-643.

CALFED links: homeabouthistory • library • video overview •• Delta Stewardship Council

Fiege, Mark. 2009. Irrigated Eden : The Making of an Agricultural Landscape in the American West. Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington Press. [ebrary]
Jones, Nick, Karen R. Jones, and John Wills. 2009. American West : Competing Visions. Edinburgh, GBR: Edinburgh University Press. [see Ch. 8: "The Thirsty West: Grand Canyon, Hoover Dam and Las Vegas"] [ebrary]
Pisani, Donald J. 2002. Water and American Government : The Reclamation Bureau, National Water Policy, and the West, 1902-1935. Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press. [ebrary]
Brooks, Karl Boyd. 2009. Public Power, Private Dams : The Hells Canyon High Dam Controversy. Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington Press. [ebrary]
Maxwell, Steve, and Scott Yates. 2011. Future of Water : A Startling Look Ahead. Denver, CO, USA: American Water Works Association. [ebrary]


Jan 21 - 23: Land Use & Sprawl: the Compact Cities Debate

Bruegmann, Robert. 2005. Sprawl : A Compact History. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press. (Chapters 1, 6, 10, 13) [ebrary]

Beatley, Timothy. 1999. Green Urbanism: Learning from European Cities. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. (Ch. 2: Land Use and Urban Form: Planning Compact Cities) [now in ctools.] [see also: google online: limited view]

Calthorpe, Peter. 2010. Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. (Ch. 5: The Urban Footprint) [ebrary]



Talen, E. 2011. "Sprawl retrofit: sustainable urban form in unsustainable places." Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design no. 38 (6):952-978.

Ewing, R., & Cervero, R. (2010). Travel and built environment: A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Planning Association, 76(3), 265–294.

Marcial H. Echenique, Anthony J. Hargreaves, Gordon Mitchell & Anil Namdeo (2012): Growing Cities Sustainably, Journal of the American Planning Association, 78:2, 121-137. [plus read the lively commentaries on ctools under "Echenique, JAPA article, PLANET 2012 online debate"]

Congress for the New Urbanism: charter

see also:

Newman, P, and J. Kenworthy. 1989. "Gasoline Consumption and Cities — A Comparison of U.S. Cities with a Global Survey." Journal of the American Planning Association. 55 (1):24-37.

Gordon, Peter, and Harry Richardson. 1990. "Gasoline Consumption and Cities - A Reply." Journal of the American Planning Association 55 (3):342-345.

Gordon, Peter, Harry W. Richardson. 2001. "The Sprawl Debate: Let Markets Plan." Publius.

Jenks, Mike, and Rod Burgess. 2000. Compact Cities : Sustainable Urban Forms for Developing Countries. London, GBR: Spon Press. [ebrary]

Tachieva, Galina. 2010. Sprawl Repair Manual. Island Press.  [ebrary]

Neuman, Michael. 2005. The Compact City Fallacy. Journal of the American Planning Association 25: 11-26.


Jan 28


Jan 30 - Feb 4: Resource-Dependent Communities: Timber and Mining

Rajala, Richard A. 1998. Clearcutting the Pacific Rain Forest: Production, Science, and Regulation. Vancouver, BC, CAN: UBC Press. [ebrary] (Ch. 1 The Forest as Factory: Technological Change in West Coast Logging, 1880-1965; and Ch 2 Managing the Factory Regime: The Emergence of Logging Engineering and Industrial Forestry, 1880-1965)

Stephen, R. S. (2006). Sustainable forestry in the balance. Journal of Forestry, 104(4), 187-195.

Markey, Sean. 2004. Second Growth: Community Economic Development in Rural British Columbia. Vancouver: UBC Press. [ebrary] (Chs. 3, 4; optional, see also Chs. 1-2).

Baker, Mark, and Jonathan Kusel. 2003. Community Forestry in the United States : Learning from the Past, Crafting the Future. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. (Chs. 2, 4, 5, 9) [unexpectedly removed from ebrary -- use Markey reading instead]

Freilich, R. H., & Popowitz, N. M. (2012). Oil and gas fracking: State and federal regulation does not preempt needed local government regulation: Examining the santa fe county oil and gas plan and ordinance as a model. The Urban Lawyer, 44(3), 533-575.

Nolon, J. R., & Polidoro, V. (2012). Hydrofracking: Disturbances both geological and political: Who decides? The Urban Lawyer, 44(3), 507-532.

Steven C. Deller and Andrew Schreiber. 2012. Frac Sand Mining and Community Economic Development. University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Agricultural & Applied Economics Staff Paper No. 565, May 2012. [link]

plus see these resources on fracking from various perspectives: Clean Water Action ("Fact Sheet: All About Fracking") • Grow WNY: A Fracking Primer • EnergyFromShale.org: How Fracking works• American Petroleum Institute: Hydraulic Fracturing • among many others...

video resources on fracking: My Water's On Fire Tonight (The Fracking Song)"Gasland" (NOW on PBS) •  ProPublica's Abrahm Lustgarten on Congress's fracking report • PBS News Hour: 'Fracking' for Natural Gas Continues to Raise Health Questions • PBS: Need To Know Investigation: Hydraulic Fracturing • This American Life: "Game Changer" (audio podcast)

see also:

Cronon, William. 1991. Nature's metropolis: Chicago and the Great West. 1st ed. New York: W. W. Norton. (Ch. 4: The Wealth of Nature: Lumber).

Van Kooten, G. Cornelis. 1993. Land Resource Economics and Sustainable Development: Economic Policies and the Common Good. Vancouver, BC, CAN: UBC Press. (Ch 14, Economics and Management of Public Forestlands) [ebrary]

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Fossil Energy and National Energy Technology Laboratory. 2009. Modern Shale Gas Development in the United States: A Primer. [link ] 2013 update

Cohen, Shaul Ephraim. 2004. Planting Nature : Trees and the Manipulation of Environmental Stewardship in America. Berkeley: University of California Press. [ebrary]

Ross, Michael L. 2001. Timber Booms and Institutional Breakdown Southeast Asia. Port Chester, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. [ebrary]
Barton, Gregory A. 2002. Empire Forestry and the Origins of Environmentalism. West Nyack, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. [ebrary]
McEvoy, Thomas J. 2004. Positive Impact Forestry : A Sustainable Approach to Managing Woodlands. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. [ebrary]


II. Local Plans & Policies for Sustainable Development

Feb 6 - 11: Local Sustainability Plans and Municipal Offices of Sustainability

Berke, Philip R., and Maria Manta Conroy. 2000. "Are We Planning for Sustainable Development? An Evaluation of 30 Comprehensive Plans." Journal of the American Planning Association, 66(1): 21–33. (in ctools under "APA,EIP33part3")

Godschalk, David R. 2004. "Land Use Planning Challenges: Coping with Conflicts in Visions of Sustainable Development and Livable Communities." Journal of the American Planning Association, 70(1): 5–13. (in ctools under "APA,EIP33part3")

American Planning Association. 2000. Policy Guide on Planning for Sustainability. Ratified by Board of Directors, April 17, 2000, New York, N.Y. (in ctools under "APA,EIP33part2").

Tuesday: Elements, Chapters, and Sections from Comprehensive Plans (in ctools)

please read the selections from these two files:
APA,EIP33part5: "Excerpts from Comprehensive Plans"
APA,EIP33part6 "Sustainability Elements, Chapters, and Sections from Comprehensive Plans"

Roseland, Mark. 2005. Toward Sustainable Communities : Resources for Citizens and Their Governments. Gabriola Island, BC, CAN: New Society Publishers. (review Ch 3, "Making Community Policy," and Ch 14, "Tools for Community Sustainability). [now on ctools]

[task for class: review and compare this selection of plans; what common themes, strategies and priorities emerge? How is sustainability defined? What do you think are models of good sustainability plans?]


see also:

City of Ann Arbor: Sustainability Framework (2013)
Sustainable Cities Institute: Creating an Environmental Sustainability Plan
Herman, Benjamin A. 2010. "Embracing Sustainability in Community Plans." Planning, April. (in ctools under "APA,EIP33part3")
Rynne, Suzanne. 2008. "Incorporating Environmental Issues into the Comprehensive Plan." The Commissioner, Fall. (in ctools under "APA,EIP33part3")National Wildlife Federation (Campus Ecology): Campus sustainability case studies web page.


Feb 13: Greenbelts, Containment and Land Preservation (with a focus on the San Francisco Bay Area and Portland)

Walker, Richard A. 2009. Country in the City : The Greening of the San Francisco Bay Area. Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington Press. [Introduction, Chs. 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, Conclusion] [ebrary]

Abbott, Carl;Margheim, Joy. 2008. Imagining Portland's Urban Growth Boundary: Planning Regulation as Cultural Icon. Journal of the American Planning Association; Spring; 74, 2.

Carl Abbott and Margery Post Abbott, A history of Metro,( May 1991) [link through the Metro site]

see also:
Metro (Portland regional government) • mapsmissiontimeline/historyurban growth boundary (UGB) • UGB map

Amati, Marco (ed). 2008. Urban Green Belts in the Twenty-First Century. Abingdon, Oxon, GBR: Ashgate. [ebrary]

Ozawa, Connie P. 2004. Portland Edge : Challenges in Growing Communities. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. [Introduction, Chs 1, 2, 8, 11] [unexpectedly removed from ebrary -- will provide alternative reading]


Feb 18 - 20: The Metropolitan Scale: Regional Sustainable Development Planning

Sale, Kirkpatrick. 2001. "There's no place like home..." The Ecologist: 31 (2): 40-43.

Hiss, Tony. 1990. The Experience of Place: A new way of looking at and dealing with out radically changing cities and countryside. New York: Vintage. (Chapter 9, "Thinking Regionally," pp. 194-220.)

Thayer, Robert L. 2003. Life-Place : Bioregional Thought and Practice. Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press. (Ch. 7: Planning: Designing a Life-Place) [ebrary]

Wheeler, Stephen M (2009): Regions, Megaregions, and Sustainability, Regional Studies, 43:6, 863-876

Campbell, Scott. 2009. “Megaregions and Sustainability,” in Megaregions: Planning for Global Competitiveness, Catherine Ross (ed), Island Press, pp. 127-139.[ebrary]


Calthorpe, Peter, and William Fulton. 2001. Regional City : New Urbanism and the End of Sprawl. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. (Chs. 1, 3, Conclusion)

see also:
Anderson, Larry. 2002. Benton MacKaye : Conservationist, Planner, and Creator of the Appalachian Trail. Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. (Chs. 1, 8-11). [ebrary]

Bailey, Robert G. 2002. Ecoregion-Based Design for Sustainability. Secaucus, NJ, USA: Springer. [ebrary]

Feb 25 - 27: International Models of Sustainable Development Planning

Olpadwala, Porus and William W. Goldsmith, 1992, "The Sustainability of Privilege: Reflections on the Environment, the Third World City, and Poverty," World Development, Vol. 20, #4, April.

Ross, Michael L. 2001. Timber Booms and Institutional Breakdown Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press. (Ch 2: The Problem of Resource Booms) [ebrary]

Evans, Peter. 2002. Livable Cities? Urban Struggles for Livelihood and Sustainability. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. (Chs 1, 3, 7, 8) [ebrary]

see also:
Chen, Gang, and Liang Fook Lye. 2010. Towards a Livable and Sustainable Urban Environment : Eco-Cities in East Asia. River Edge, NJ, USA: World Scientific Publishing Co. [ebrary]

Mar 4 - 6: Mid-semester Break / No Classes...



III. Measuring Sustainability (and unsustainability)

Mar 11: The Use of Carrying Capacity, Ecological Footprint and Other Measures for Planning

Newman, Peter, and Isabella Jennings. 2008. Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems : Principles and Practices. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. (Chapter 4:  Ecological Footprints). [ebrary]

Brandon, Peter, and Patrizia Lombardi. 2010. Evaluating Sustainable Development in the Built Environment (2nd Edition). Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley-Blackwell. (Chapters 5-6) [ebrary]


Mar 13: Efforts to Measure Local Levels of Sustainability
Guest: Jamie Kidwell (City of Ann Arbor): Sustainability Associate and co-author of Ann Arbor's sustainability plan

Newman, Peter, and Isabella Jennings. 2008. Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems : Principles and Practices. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. (pp. 223-7, "Indicator Projects"). [ebrary]

Brandon, Peter, and Patrizia Lombardi. 2010. Evaluating Sustainable Development in the Built Environment (2nd Edition). Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley-Blackwell. (Chapter 4) [ebrary]

Alan AtKisson. 1996. Developing indicators of sustainable community: Lessons from sustainable Seattle. Environmental Impact Assessment Review. Volume 16, pp 337-350. [see also Seattle's Office of Sustainability and Environment]

see also:

Sustainable Cities Institute.

San Francisco Health and Sustainability IndicatorsCity of Minneapolis Sustainability Indicators

Newman, Peter, and Isabella Jennings. 2008. Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems : Principles and Practices. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. (Chapter 5:  Modeling Cities on Ecosystems). [ebrary]


IV. Sustainability and the larger socio-economic Systems of valuation, change, and inequality

Mar 18: Approaching Sustainability through Environmental Economics

Ashford, Nicholas Askounes Caldart, Charles C. 2008. Environmental Law, Policy, and Economics: Reclaiming the Environmental Agenda. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [ebrary] (Ch. 3: Economics and the Environment)

Colander, David C. Holt, Richard P.F. Rosser, John Barkley. 2009. Changing Face of Economics: Conversations with Cutting Edge Economists. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. (Ch. 8: Richard B. Norgaard) [ebrary]

Burtraw, Dallas;Evans, David A;Krupnick, Alan;Palmer, Karen;Toth, Russell. 2005. Economics of Pollution Trading for SOx and NOx. Annual Review of Environment and Resources; 30.

see also:

Van Kooten, G. Cornelis. 1993. Land Resource Economics and Sustainable Development: Economic Policies and the Common Good. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press. (Ch 4: Property Rights, Market Failure, Externality, and Environmental Economics) [ebrary]

Fusaro, Peter C. James, Tom. 2011. Energy and Emissions Markets : Collision or Convergence. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley. [ebrary]

Lejano R, Hirose R (2005) Testing the assumptions behind emissions trading in non-market goods: the RECLAIM program in Southern California. Environ Sci Pol 8:367–377.

see also:

National Center for Environmental Economics (EPA) • 


Mar 20: Alternative Economic Approaches to Sustainability

Power, Thomas Michael. 1998. Lost Landscapes and Failed Economies: The Search for a Value of Place. Covelo, CA: Island Press. (Chs 1, "Thinking about the Local Economy" and + Ch 3, "Demystifying Local Economic Change").

Daly, Herman. 2005. "Economics in a Full World." Scientific American, September 2005, pages 100-107. [link]

Robert Costanza; Herman E. Daly. 1992. Natural Capital and Sustainable Development. Conservation Biology, Vol. 6, No. 1. (Mar., 1992), pp. 37-46.

see also:
Stavins, Robert "Environmental Economics" Discussion Paper 2009-05, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Environmental Economics Program, April 2009. [link]


Mar 25 - 27: Social Justice + Environmental Sustainability = Environmental Justice?

Agyeman, Julian. 2005. Sustainable Communities and the Challenge of Environmental Justice. New York, NY, USA: New York University Press (NYU Press). [ebrary] [Introduction, Chs 1,2,6; Appendix]

Gunder, Michael. 2006. Sustainability: Planning's Saving Grace or Road to Perdition? Journal of Planning Education and Research. 26: 208-221.

Campbell, Scott D. 2013. Sustainable Development and Social Justice: Conflicting Urgencies and the Search for Common Ground in Urban and Regional Planning. Michigan Journal of Sustainability, Vol 1. [link]



Apr 1: Approaching Environmental Sustainability through Public Health/Population Health

Hebbert, Michael. 1999. "City in good shape: Town planning and public health." Town Planning Review 70 (4):433-53.

Corburn, Jason. 2009. Toward the healthy city : people, places, and the politics of urban planning, Urban and industrial environments series. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. (Chs 1,2,6,7) [ebrary]

Jackson, Richard, and Stacy Sinclair. 2012. Designing healthy communities. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. (Chs 1,2) [ebrary]

Coutts, C., & Taylor, C. (2011). Putting the capital "E" environment into ecological models of health. Journal of Environmental Health, 74(4), 26-29.

see also:
World Health Organization: Health Impact Assessment (useful information page and portal)
UN Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: Ecosystems and Human Well-being: A Framework for Assessment

Khan, Omar A., Gregory Pappas, and American Public Health Association. 2011. Megacities & global health. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association. [ebrary]

Lopez, Russ. 2012. The built environment and public health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. [ebrary]

Frumkin, Howard, Lawrence D. Frank, and Richard Jackson. 2004. Urban sprawl and public health : designing, planning, and building for healthy communities. Washington, DC: Island Press. [ebrary]

• NOTE: Essay #2 due Tuesday, April 1 [revised date]

Apr 3: Sustainability in the Era of Global Climate Change

Susan Handy & Patricia Mokhtarian (2008): Growing Cooler: The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change, Journal of the American Planning Association, 75:1, 95-96.

Barbour, Elisa & Elizabeth A. Deakin (2012)- Smart Growth Planning for Climate Protection, Journal of the American Planning Association, 78-1, 70-86.

Ellen Bassett & Vivek Shandas (2010): Innovation and Climate Action Planning, Journal of the American Planning
, 76:4, 435-450.

see also:
Ewing, Reid, Keith Bartholomew, and Steve Winkelman. 2008. Growing Cooler : Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change. Washington, DC, USA: Urban Land Institute. (Chs. 1,2,3,9) [ebrary]

Schneider, Stephen H. 2004. Abrupt non-linear climate change, irreversibility and surprise. Global Environmental Change, Volume 14, issue 3 (October): 245-258.

Larsen, L., Rajkovich, N., Leighton, C., McCoy, K., Calhoun, K., Mallen, E., Bush, K., Enriquez, J., Pyke, C., McMahon, S., and Kwok, A. 2011. Green Building and Climate Resilience: Understanding Impacts and Preparing for Changing Conditions. University of Michigan; U.S. Green Building Council. [link]

Harris, Gardner. 2014. Borrowed Time on Disappearing Land: Facing Rising Seas, Bangladesh Confronts the Consequences of Climate Change. The New York Times. March 28. [link]

BBC News, Climate impacts 'overwhelming' - UN. 30 March 2014. [link]

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) (see also WORKING GROUP II
Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability


V. Theorizing Sustainability

Apr 8: Alternate Concepts: Sustainability vs. Resilience

Beatley, Timothy. 2009. Planning for Coastal Resilience : Best Practices for Calamitous Times. Covelo, CA: Island Press. [ebrary] (Chs 1,2, 12, Appendix)

Foster, Kathryn A. 2007. "Snapping Back: What Makes Regions Resilient?" National Civic Review no. 96 (3):27.

Vale, Lawrence J., and Thomas J. Campanella. 2005. The resilient city : how modern cities recover from disaster. New York: Oxford University Press. [ebrary] (Introduction, Chs. 1, Conclusion; optional: Chs 5, 9)

see also:
Booher, David E., and Judith E. Innes. 2010. "Governance for Resilience: CALFED as a Complex Adaptive Network for Resource Management." Ecology and Society. 15 (3):337. [link]

Newman, Peter, Timothy Beatley, and Heather Boyer. 2009. Resilient Cities : Responding to Peak Oil and Climate Change (2nd Edition). Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. [ebrary]

Coyle, Stephen J. 2011. Sustainable and Resilient Communities: A Comprehensive Action Plan for Towns, Cities, and Regions. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. [ebrary]


Apr 10: Changing Conceptions of the City-Nature Relationship

McHarg, Ian L. 1969. Design with nature. Garden City, N.Y.: Natural History Press. (excerpt: pp. 1-29)

Williams, Raymond. 1980. "Ideas of Nature," in Culture And Materialism: Selected Essays. London: Verso, pp. 67-85.

Nik Heynen, and Maria Kaika and Erik Swyngedouw. 2006. "Urban political ecology: politicizing the production of urban natures," in In the nature of cities : urban political ecology and the politics of urban metabolis. Routledge. (Ch. 1, pp. 1-20). [see also google books version]

Moore, Steven A. (2001) Technology, Place, and the Nonmodern Thesis. Journal of Architectural Education 54(3), pp. 130–139.

Cronon, William, editor. 1995.Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature, New York: W. W. Norton & Co, 69-90. [link]


VI. Presentations

Apr 15: First Set of Presentations

[depending on the total number of projects, ca. 25 minutes per group: 15 minutes presentation + 10 minutes feedback; details here]


Apr 17: Second Set of Presentations

[depending on the total number of projects, ca. 25 minutes per group: 15 minutes presentation + 10 minutes feedback; details here]



Apr 22: Conclusion: the Future of "Sustainable Development -- the Ongoing Evolution of an Idea

[including the tensions between sustainability, globalization and the ideology of progress]

see also:
Berke, Philip R. (2008)- The Evolution of Green Community Planning, Scholarship, and Practice- An Introduction to the Special Issue, Journal of the American Planning Association, 74-4, 393-407

Campbell, Scott. 1996. ""Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities?  Urban Planning and the Contradictions of Sustainable Development", Journal of the American Planning Association 62 (3):  296-312.