In Hindi, when speakers wish to include themselves in a suggestion or a command, they use the subjunctive:
1. c:l:að , Ab: hm: G:r c:l:ðø.
'C'mon, let's go home now.'
2. hm: kaðI t:rqib:
'Let's think of a solution. '
Since the speaker is included, this mood is used in asking for assent, too:
3. y:haú s:ð eK:s:k
j:aOû hm: ?
'Shall we split this scene? '
4. Ab: T:að_a Aaram: kr
'Shall we rest up a bit?'
The passive is very frequently used in such inclusives:
5. c:l:að ,
y:ar , Aaj: rat: ep:Vc:r dðK:i j:aO , ep:Vc:r !
'C'mon, good buddy, let's take in a show tonight!'
6. t:að m:ØÀi
kað Aaj: n:I (aôk p:hn:aI j:aO ?
'So shall we put Munni's new dress on (her) today?'
As an inclusive, this construction freely occurs with intransitives:
7. hm: y:haú
b:òYðø. y:haú b:òYa j:aO.
'Let's sit here.'
8. hm: j:aOû Ab: ?
'Shall we go now?'
It is possible to use the subjunctive of the antitransitive in the same way:
Ab: s:am:an: b:úD: j:aO.
'C'mon, let's pack the stuff now.'
But without context or an indication like c:l:að, the subjunctive of the antitransitive can apply to any person:
10. l:ari kb: t:k
'When shall I (you, he, we, they, etc. ) load the truck?'
To exercise on the inclusive imperative.
To index of grammatical notes.
To index of m:lhar.
Keyed in by ev:v:ðk Ag:rv:al: in Mar
Posted 12 Apr 2001.