Methods: 42 PMW with mild to moderate periodontitis participated in this IRB approved study. After consenting to participate, all participants received a periodontal exam and a prophy. Periodontal parameters, such as probing depth (PD) and gingival recession were used to calculate clinical attachment level (CAL) for all participants. Based on a questionnaire, the participants were divided into healthy lifestyle and control groups. For the purposes of this study, a healthy lifestyle is defined as including both exercise according to American Heart Association guidelines and use of a physician prescribed supplement regimen including vitamin D, calcium, hormone treatment and/or bone sparing medications. T-tests were used to determine if there was a significant difference between the groups.
Results: There is a statistically significant difference in CAL (p=.035) between the groups. The healthy lifestyle group had greater CAL values compared to control groups.
Conclusions: Results suggest regular exercise and supplementation may improve periodontium in PMW. Future investigation is needed to compare the effect of lifestyle in PMW with osteoporotic PMW versus non-osteoporotic controls.
Keywords: Elderly, Periodontal disease, Post-menopausal, Prophylaxis and Therapeutics
See more of: Periodontal Research - Therapy