Peace Movements in Islam: History, Religion and Politics. Editor and contributor. (London: I. B. Tauris/ Bloomsbury Academic, 2021).
The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam: A New Translation with historical Afterword (London: I.B. Tauris/ Bloomsbury, April, 2020)
[Muhammad : Juru Damai di Tengah Benturan Imperium Besar Dunia (Jakarta: Penerbit:Alvabet, 2019) (Indonesian Translation)]
[Mohammad: Payambar-i solh dar garmagarm-i setiz-i emperituriha, trans. Saleh Tabataba'i (Tehran: Entesharat-e Rozanih-'e Ketab, 2020) (Persian Translation)]
[Muhammed: poslanik mira usred sukoba imperija, (Sarajevo: Kupola, 2020.] Serbo-Croation translation.
[ Muhammad: Rasul al-salam wasat sira` al-imbiraturiyyat, trans. Amr Basyuni and Hisham Samir (Beirut: Dar al-Rawafed al-Thaqafiyyah, 2020). (Arabic translation)
Global Connections: Politics, Exchange, and Social Life in World History, 2 vols. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015) [Co-Authors: John Coatsworth, Michael P. Hanagan, Peter C. Perdue, Charles Tilly & Louise Tilly].
The New Arabs: How the Millennial Generation is Changing the Middle East (New York: Simon and Schuster, July 1 2014).
[ Los Nuevos Arabes (Barcelona: Bellaterra, 2015)]Engaging the Muslim World (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, Mar. 2009).
[Un Nuevo compromiso con el mundo Islamico. (Barcelona: Ediciones Bellaterra, 2010).]
[ Islam Dunyasini Kavramak (Istanbul: Sitare, 2010)]
Napoleon's Egypt: Invading the Middle East. (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, Aug. 2007).
Napoleon's Egypt: Invading the Middle East (Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2008).
[Bonaparte et la République française d'Égypte trans. Philippe Pignarre (Paris: La Decouverte, 2014).]
[Die Schlacht bei den Pyramiden: Napoleon erobert den Orient. Trans. Claudia Preiss-Passaro & Anegret Hunke-Wormser. (Stuttgart: Konrad Theiss Verlag GmbH, 2010).]
[Misr taht hukm Bunabart: Ghazw al-sharq al-awsat. Trans Mustafa Riyad (Cairo: Al-Markaz al-Qawmi li al-Tarjumah, 2013). Arabic translation.]
Sacred Space and Holy War: The Politics, Culture and History of Shi`ite Islam (London: I.B. Tauris, 2002)
Nationalism and the Colonial Legacy in the Middle East and Central Asia. Co-edited with Deniz Kandiyoti. Special Issue of The International Journal of Middle East Studies Vol. 34, no. 2 (May 2002), pp. 187-424.
Religion in Iran: From Zoroaster to Baha'u'llah by Alessandro Bausani. [Editor of this English translation of Persia Religiosa, Milan, 1958, and contributor of afterwords and bibliographical updates]. New York: Bibliotheca Persica Press, 2000.
Modernity and the Millennium:The Genesis of the Baha'i Faith in the Nineteenth-Century Middle East. New York:Columbia University Press. May, 1998.
Colonialism and Revolution in the Middle East: Social and Cultural Origins of Egypt's `Urabi Movement.Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993. Paperback edn., Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 1999.
Roots of North Indian Shi`ism in Iran and Iraq: Religion and State in Awadh, 1722-1859. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1988; New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1991. [Online at at this University of California site.]
From Iran East and West: Studies in Babi and Baha'i History, vol. 2 [Edited, with Moojan Momen, and contributor.] "Baha'u'llah and the Naqshbandi Sufis in Iraq, 1854-1856." Los Angeles:Kalimat Press, 1984.
Book Chapters and Articles
“The Qur’an on Doing Good to Enemies.” In Peace Movements in Islam: History, Religion and Politics. Edited by Juan Cole. (London: I. B. Tauris/ Bloomsbury Academic, 2021).
"Dyed in Virtue: The Qur’ān and Plato’s Republic," Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 61, No 4 (2021):580-604.
“’It was made to appear to them so’: the crucifixion, Jews and Sasanian war propaganda in the Qur’ān." Religion 51, 3 (2021):404-422.
“Muhammad and Justinian: Roman Legal Traditions and the Qurʾān.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 79, 2 (2020):183–196.
“Infidel or Paganus? The Polysemy of kafara in the Quran.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 140, 3 (2020):615-635.
"Agonistic democracy in Iraq," in Keiko Sakai and Philip Marfleet, eds. Iraq since the Invasion: People and Politics in a State of Conflict. (London: Routledge, 2020).
"Paradosis and monotheism: a late antique approach to the meaning of islām in the Quran," Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 82, 3 (October 2019):405-425.
"The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and the Gulf Crisis," Gulf Studies Center Monographic Series, Qatar University, No. 4 (June 2019):1-22.
"Between the Postcolonial and the Middle East: Writing the Subaltern in the Arab World," in Anna Ball and Karim Mattar, eds. The Postcolonial Middle East (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019), 83-96.
"Caliphates and Juntas: Ottoman Legacies in Today's Controversies over Religion and State in the Arab World." Social Science History. Volume 42, Issue 4. Winter 2018 , pp. 797-810.
"Middle East," in Imre Szeman, Jennifer Wenzel and Patricia Yaeger, eds., Fueling Culture 101: Words for Energy and Environment (New York: Fordham University Press, 2017), pp. 224-226.
"Sanctioning Iran: A Nietzschean Theory of Negative Imperialism." Intro. by Touraj Atabaki, Farman-Farmaian Annual Lectures 1 (Amsterdam: International Institute of Social History, 2017). 48 p.
" The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam and Muslim secularism," Studies in People's History 3, 2 (Dec 2016):138-150.
"Chinese Soft Power and Green Energy Investment in the Greater Middle East." Sociology of Islam 4 (2016):59-72.
"Wittgensteinian Language-Games in an Indo-Persian Dialogue on the World Religions," Iran Nameh: A Quarterly of Iranian Studies, vol. 40, No. 3 (Fall 2015):88-117.
"Democracy and the Arab Upheavals of 2011 and After," in Howard Brick and Gregory Parker, eds., A New Insurgency: The Port Huron Statement and its Times (Ann Arbor, Mi.: Maize Books/University of Michigan Library, 2015), pp. 475-486.
"Egypt's Modern Revolutions and the Fall of Mubarak," in Fawaz A. Gerges, ed., The New Middle East: Protest and Revolution in the Arab World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), pp. 60-79.
" US Middle East Policy in Obama’s Second Term," Emirates Lecture Series (Abu Dhabi, UAE: Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, Fall 2013), 41 pp.
"Rescuing Omar Khayyam from the Victorians," Michigan Quarterly Review vol. 52, no. 2 (Spring, 2013), pp. 169-181.
"'Democratisation,' religious extremism, fragile states, and insurgencies: Bush's legacies to Obama and the challenges ahead," in Shahram Akbarzadeh, et al., eds. American Democracy Promotion in the Changing Middle East: From Bush to Obama (London: Routledge, 2012), pp. 9-26.
"Iraq in 1939: British Alliance or Nationalist Neutrality toward the Axis?" Britain and the World. Volume 5, No. 2 (2012):204-222
"Egypt's New Left versus the Military Junta," Social Research 79, 2 (Summer 2012): 487-510
" Blogging Current Affairs History," Journal of Contemporary History 46 (July 2011): 658-670.
"The Place of Democracy in the Postcolonial Islamic World," The Democratic Imaginary in the Era of Globalization. XXIII Conference of the Academy of Latinity (Academy of Latinity: Barcelona, 2011). Pp. 21-70.
"Islamophobia and American Foreign Policy Rhetoric: The Bush Years and After." In John L. Esposito and Ibrahim Kalin, eds., Islamophobia: the Challenge of Pluralism in the 21st Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. 127-142.
"Shi'ite Parties and the Democratic Process in Iraq." In Mary Ann Tetreault, Gwen Okruhlik, and Andrzej Kapiszewski, eds. Political Change in the Arab Gulf States: Stuck in Transition. (Boulder, Co.: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2011). Pp. 49-71.
"How Israel's Gaza Blockade and Washington's Sanctions Policy Hurt the Green Movement." In Nader Hashemi and Danny Postel, eds. The People Reloaded: The Green Movement and the Struggle for Iran's Future. (Brooklyn, N.Y.: Melville House, Dec. 2010), pp. 315-322.
"Schumer's Sippenhaftung." In Moustafa Bayoumi, ed. Midnight on the Mavi Marmara: The Attack on the Gaza Freedom Flotilla and How it Changed the Course of the Israel/Palestine Conflict. (New York: OR Books, 2010), pp. 222-228.
"Iran and Islam." In Robin Wright, ed. The Iran Primer: Power, Politics, and U.S. Policy. (Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace, 2010). Pp. 31-34.
"Notes on 'Iran Today.' Michigan Quarterly Review. (Winter, 2010), pp. 49-55.
"Playing Muslim: Bonaparte's Army of the Orient and Euro-Muslim Creolization." In David Armitage and Sanjay Subrahmaniyam, eds., The Age of Revolutions in Global Context, c. 1760-1840. (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), pp. 125-143.
"Struggles over Personal Status and Family Laws in Post-Baathist Iraq." In Kenneth Cuno and Manisha Desai, eds., Family, Gender and Law in a Globalizing Middle East and South Asia (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2009), pp. 105-125.
"Iraq and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict in the Twentieth Century." Macalester International, Volume 23 (Spring 2009): 3-23.
"The Taliban, Women and the Hegelian Private Sphere ," in Robert D. Crews and Amin Tarzi, The Taliban and the Crisis of Afghanistan (Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard University Press, 2008), pp. 118-154 (revised version of Social Research article below.)
"Islamophobia and American Foreign Policy" Islamophobia and the Challenges of Pluralism in the 21st Century," (Washington, D.C.: ACMCU Occasional Papers, Georgetown University, 2008). Pp. 70-79.
"Marsh Arab Rebellion: Grievance, Mafias and Militias in Iraq," Fourth Wadie Jwaideh Memorial Lecture, (Bloomington, IN: Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, Indiana University, 2008). Pp. 1-31.
"The Decline of Grand Ayatollah Sistani's Influence." Die Friedens-Warte: Journal of International Peace and Organization. Vol. 82, nos.2-3 (2007): 67-83.
"Shia Militias in Iraqi Politics." In Markus Bouillon, David M. Malone and Ben Rowswell, eds., Iraq: Preventing a New Generation of Conflict (Boulder, Co.: Lynne Rienner, 2007), pp. 109-123.
"Anti-Americanism: It's the Policies." AHR Forum : Historical Perspectives on Anti-Americanism. The American Historical Review, 111 (October, 2006): 1120-1129.
"The Rise of Religious and Ethnic Mass Politics in Iraq," in David Little and Donald K. Swearer, eds., Religion and Nationalism in Iraq: A Comparative Perspective (Cambridge, Mass.: Center for the Study of the World Religions/ Harvard University Press, 2006), pp.43-62.
"The Ayatollahs and Democracy in Iraq." (ISIM Papers Series) (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2006). Pp. 1-27.
"Muslim Religious Extremism in Egypt: A Historiographical Critique of Narratives," in Israel Gershoni, et al., eds. Middle East Historiographies: Narrating the Twentieth Century (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2006), pp. 262-287.
"Of Crowds and Empires: Afro-Asian Riots and European Expansion, 1857-1882." [Extensively revised.] In Fernando Coronil and Julie Skurski, eds. States of Violence. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006, pp. 269-305.
"Empires of Liberty? Democracy and Conquest in French Egypt, British Egypt and American Iraq." In Lessons of Empire: Imperial Histories and American Power. Ed. Calhoun, Craig, Frederick Cooper and Kevin W. Moore, eds. New York: The New Press, 2006. Pp. 94-115. .
"A 'Shiite Crescent'? The Regional Impact of the Iraq War." Current History. (January 2006): 20-26.
Juan Cole et al., "A Shia Crescent: What Fallout for the U.S.?" Middle East Policy Volume XII, Winter 2005, Number 4, pp.1-27. . (Joint oral round table).
"The Baha'i Minority and Nationalism in Contemporary Iran." In Maya Shatzmiller, ed., Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005. Pp. 127-163.
"The Reelection of Bush and the Fate of Iraq," Constellations, Volume 12, no. 2 (June 2005): 164-172.
"Globalisation and Religion in the Thought of Abdu'l-Baha ." In Margit Warburg, Annika Hvithamar and Morten Warmind, eds., Baha'i and Globalisation. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 2005, pp. 55-75.
"Blogger Hits the Hundredth Monkey Phase. " In Kristina Borjesson, Feet to the Fire: The Media After 9/11, Top Journalists Speak Out (New York: Prometheus Books, 2005), pp. 395-426. (Transcribed interview.)
"The Evolution of Charismatic Authority in the Baha'i Faith (1863-1921)," in Robert Gleave, ed., Religion and Society in Qajar Iran (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005), pp. 311-345.
"The Azali-Baha'i Crisis of September 1867." In Moshe Sharon, ed. Studies in Modern Religions, Religious Movements, and the Babi-Baha'i Faiths. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2004. Pp. 227-251.
"World Theology and the Baha'i Faith," in Thomas Ryba, George Bond and Herman Tull, eds., The Comity and Grace of Method: Essays in Honor of Edmund R. Perry (Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 2004), pp. 391-414.
"The United States and Shi'ite Religious Factions in Post-Ba'thist Iraq," The Middle East Journal, Volume 57, Number 4, Autumn 2003, pp. 543-566.
"The Taliban, Women, and the Hegelian Private Sphere," Social Research, Volume 70 No. 2 (Fall 2003).
"The Iraqi Shiites: On the history of America's would-be allies," Boston Review, Fall, 2003.
"The Imagined Embrace: Gender, Identity and Iranian Ethnicity in Jahangiri Paintings." In Michel Mazzaoui, ed. Safavid Iran and her Neighbors (Salt Lake City: Utah University Press, 2003), pp. 49-62.
"Mad Sufis and Civic Courtesans: The French Republican Construction of Eighteenth-Century Egypt." In Irene Bierman, ed. Napoleon in Egypt. (London: Ithaca Press, 2003), pp. 47-62.
"Al-Tahtawi on Poverty and Welfare," in Michael Bonner, Mine Ener and Amy Singer, eds. Poverty and Charity in Middle Eastern Contexts (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003), pp. 223-238.
"The Provincial Politics of Heresy and Reform in Qajar Iran: Shaykh al-Rais in Shiraz, 1895-1902." Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Vol. 22, nos. 1-2 (2002 ), pp. 119-126.
"Iranian Culture and South Asia, 1500-1900," in N. Keddie and R. Matthee, eds., Iran and the Surrounding World: Interactions in Culture and Cultural Politics (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002), pp. 15-35.
"Printing and Urban Islam in the Mediterannean World, 1890-1920," in Leila Tarazi Fawaz and C. A. Bayly, eds., Modernity and Culture from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002), pp. 344-364.
"Fundamentalism in the Contemporary U.S. Baha'i Community." Review of Religious Research, Vol. 43, no. 3 (March, 2002):195-217.
"Shaikh al-Ra'is and Sultan Abdulhamid II: The Iranian Dimension of Pan-Islam," in Israel Gershoni, Hakan Erdem, and Ursula Wokoeck, eds. Histories of the Modern Middle East: New Directions (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002), pp. 167-185.
"Millennialism in Modern Iranian History," in Abbas Amanat and Magnus Bernhardsson, eds. Imagining the End: Visions of Apocalypse from the Ancient Middle East to Modern America (London: I.B. Tauris, 2002), pp. 282-311.
"Individualism and the Spiritual Path in Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i," in Lynda Clarke, ed., Shi`ite Heritage: Essays on Classical and Modern Traditions (Binghamton, N.Y.: Global Publications/SUNY Binghamton, 2001):345-358.
"Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i on the Sources of Religious Authority," in Linda Walbridge, ed., The Source for Emulation in Shi`ite Islam, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001): 82-93.
"Comment" [on chapter of Lucette Valensi], in Andre Burguiere and Raymond Grew, eds., The Construction of Minorities (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001), pp. 121-125.
"Casting Away the Self: The Mysticism of Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i," in Rainer Brunner and Werner Ende, eds., The Twelver Shi`a in Modern Times (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2001), pp. 25-37.
"New Perspectives on Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Afghani in Egypt," in Rudi Matthee and Beth Baron, eds., Iran and Beyond: Essays in Middle Eastern History in Honor of Nikki R. Keddie (Costa Mesa, Ca.: Mazda Publishers Inc., 2000), pp. 13-34.
"Race, Immorality and Money in the American Baha'i Community: Impeaching the Los Angeles Spiritual Assembly." Religion 30, no. 2 (2000):109-125, 141-147.
"The Indian Subcontinent," Iranian Studies, vol. 31, numbers 3-4 (Summer/Fall 1998 ), 583-593.
"Religious Dissidence and Urban Leadership: Baha'is in Qajar Shiraz and Tehran." Iran: Journal of the British Institute for Persian Studies 37 (1999): 123-142.
"Autobiography and Silence: The Early Career of Shaykh al-Ra'is Qajar," in Johann Christoph Burgel and Isabel Schayani, eds., Iran im 19. Jarhundert und die Entstehung der Baha'i-Religion (Zurich: Georg Olms Verlag, 1998), pp. 91-126.
"The Baha'i Faith in America as Panopticon, 1963-1997." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 37, no. 2 (June 1998): 234-248.
"Shi`ite Noblewomen and Religious Innovation in Awadh," in Violette Graf, ed., Lucknow through the Ages (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 83-90.
"Behold the Man: Baha'u'llah on the Life of Jesus." Journal of the American Academy of Religion vol. 65, no. 1 (1997): 47-71.
"Baha'u'llah and Liberation Theology," in Jack McLean, ed. Revisioning Theology. (Los Angeles: Kalimat Press, 1997), 79-98.
"Sacred Space and Holy War in India," in Khalid Masud, Brinkley Messick and David Powers, eds., Fatwa: Muftis and Interpretation in Muslim Societies (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996), pp. 173-183.
"Marking Boundaries, Marking Time: The Iranian Past and the Construction of the Self by Qajar Thinkers," Iranian Studies 29, nos. 1-2 (Winter/Spring 1996 ):35-56.
"Mirror of the World: Iranian `Orientalism' and Early 19th-Century India." Critique: Journal of Critical Studies of Iran and the Middle East (Spring 1996) pp. 41-60.
"Power, Knowledge and Orientalism," [Feature Review Article], Diplomatic History 19, no. 3 (Summer 1995):507-513.
"Colonialism and Censorship," in Roger Long, ed., The Man on the Spot: Essays on British Empire History (Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing, 1995), pp. 45-62.
"Gender, Tradition and History," in Fatma Muge Gocek et al., eds., Reconstructing Gender in the Middle East (New York: Columbia University Press, 1995), pp. 26-31.
"The World as Text: Cosmologies of Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i," Studia Islamica 80 (1994):145-163.
"`I am All the Prophets': The Poetics of Pluralism in Baha'i Texts," Poetics Today 14, no. 3 (Fall 1993): 447-476.
"Invisible Occidentalism: 18th-Century Indo-Persian Constructions of the West," Iranian Studies, 25, nos. 3-4 (1992 ): 3-16. Persian trans. Darius Shayegan, "Gharb-Shinasi-yi Avvaliyyih," Guftigu (Summer 1373):23-37.
"Iranian Millenarianism and Democratic Thought in the Nineteenth Century." International Journal of Middle East Studies 24, no. 1 (February 1992):1-26.
"Ideology, Ethics and Philosophical Discourse in Eighteenth Century Iran." Iranian Studies 22, no. 1 (1989 ):7-34.
"The Baha'is of Iran." History Today 40 (March 1990):24-29.
"Of Crowds and Empires: Afro-Asian Riots and European Expansion, 1857-1882." Comparative Studies in Society and History 31, 1 (1989):106-133.
"Rival Empires of Trade and Imami Shi`ism in Eastern Arabia 1300-1800." International Journal of Middle East Studies 19, 2 (1987):177-204.
"Mafia, Mob and Shi`ism in Iraq: The Rebellion of Ottoman Karbala 1824-1843." [w/ Moojan Momen.] Past and Present 112 (August 1986):112-43.
"`Indian Money' and the Shi`i Shrine Cities of Iraq 1786-1850," Middle Eastern Studies 22, 4 (1986):461-80. Persian tr. as "Pul-i Hindi va `atabat," Chishmandaz (Paris) no. 5 & 6 (Autumn 1988 and Winter 1989).
"Shi'i Clerics in Iraq and Iran 1722-1780: The Akhbari-Usuli Controversy Reconsidered." Iranian Studies 18, 1 (1985):3-34.
"Rashid Rida on the Baha'i Faith: A Utilitarian Theory of the Spread of Religions." Arab Studies Quarterly 5 (1983):276-91.
"Imami Jurisprudence and the Role of the Ulama." Religion and Politics in Iran. N. Keddie, ed. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983), 33-46.
"Feminism, Class and Islam in Turn-of-the-Century Egypt." International Journal of Middle East Studies 13 (1981):387-407.
"Rifa`a al-Tahtawi and the Revival of Practical Philosophy." The Muslim World 70 (1980):29-46.