The Eclectic Company
Language & Linguistics
Languages in General
Phonetics and Phonology
Grammar of English
History of English
Books and Journals
- There is a surprisingly large variety of linguistic resources on the
with plenty more no doubt to follow.
- One can already, for instance, read the
LINGUIST List on the Web.
- One can now peruse the definitive
bibliography of the late Dwight Bolinger prepared by his son and
- (It includes a lovely picture of Bolinger, in a characteristic pose.)
- One can see the full text (and the attached bibliography) of the
LSA Resolution on "Ebonics" from the recent
- (I was there and can vouch that it was
unanimous; in fact, we had a bit of trouble getting some folks to agree to
call the press reports only "incorrect and demeaning", instead of far
stronger language. But, amazingly, several hundred linguists in the same
room managed to discuss, edit, and resoundingly approve the resolution in
under an hour. No doubt the fact that it was almost dinner time helped.)
- On Usenet, one can read sci.lang, a newsgroup for language
scientists, i.e, linguists.
Alternatively, one can read alt.usage.english, a Usenet
newsgroup specializing in English usage, popular grammar, idioms,
etymology, and prescriptivist theories.
- (Incidentally, I am apparently one of the few linguists inhabiting
a.u.e with the /xucpe/ -- or simply poor judgement -- to post there
often. I have ulterior motives, of course: I've put a
couple of collections of my postings to a.u.e on various topics
relating to English grammar, phonology, and usage up on the Web)
- One can also look up the "genetic" provenance of any language
through the electronic wizardry of the
Summer Institute of Linguistics's
including the Top 100 Languages.
- (I put genetic in scare quotes to remind myself that a
with no provision for sex is a pretty lame excuse
for a metaphor)
- One can look up any modern English verb to see what syntactic
peculiarities it may have and what grammatical classes it belongs to in
Index from Beth Levin's
English Verb Classes and Alternations: A Preliminary
Investigation (U Chicago Press 1993).
- (To see all the details,
of course, you should buy the
but if you have it, you can check any verb in it online.)
- University of Michigan people (faculty, staff, students) can benefit
from our site license to look up the Indo-European root of any English word
in the American Heritage Dictionary,
part of the Humanities Text Initiative.
- (On the "Basic Searches" page, click the arrow by Lookup and select Indo-European Roots, then type in the word and Search)
- University of Michigan people can also access almost all current Linguistics
journals online, courtesy of the UM Library.
- There is a great deal of data available now. One can seize the
opportunity to grep a huge
corpus of English text, searching for words and their context, in the CobuildDirect
- (The definition of grep is provided courtesy of the
autolexicographic project of impressive sophistication.)
- Even more thrilling, anyone (even non-LDC members) can now set up a guest
account with the Linguistic Data Consortium
in order to access the Brown
Corpus, among others.
- One can now access COSWL's 1993
collection of Language and
- (Syllabi from 26 different courses, from all over
the world, in many disciplines, from many viewpoints, all on the same
- Or, for those irritating little questions, like "What
are Linguistics, anyway?",
one now has choices: Linguistics is (as we have known all the time) fun.
- One may now read about an innovative approach to Swahili noun classification by
of the University of Virginia, and even search a database of Swahili nouns
- (Swahili is a Bantu language, which, as all linguists know, means it has
- an elaborate system of prefixal agreement, based on an elaborate system
- of noun classes, like Indo-European gender on steroids.)
- Or one can approach linguistics via a species of constructivism,
by perusing Mark Rosenfelder's Language Construction Kit,
- (which contains all the information
any SF writer would need to make up a reasonable alien language. And
serves as quite a good introduction to linguistic concepts for beginners,
- One can even contemplate the Words (or rather the Phrases) of The Master,
finding near-infinite wisdom in their universality and optimality.
- (Parenthetically, The Chomskybot
seems to have become something of a popular icon. We had over
150,000 hits on it the first year it was up, and
have found it widely linked, and even imitated, the sincerest form of
Following is a more-or-less categorized (and irregularly annotated) list
of the linguistic resources (i.e, resources of, by, and for linguists)
that I've chanced across on the Web.
Languages in General
- The Human Language Page at Willamette
- Yamada Language Guides
- Travellers' Languages
Languages, i.e, made-up ones.
- American Sign Language and related sites
- The Ojibwe Language, which is after all the native language of Michigan
- Gamilaraay Dictionary, a real Australian language in all its glory
- Mark Twain's The Awful German Language
- Hungarian-English and English-Hungarian Dictionary
- Internet Accesses of Chinese Language Data
- On-Line Dictionaries, from Robert Beard at Bucknell
- On-Line Grammars, ditto.
- Latin & Greek sources
- Phonetics and Phonology (Many of these use heavy graphics and sound resources).
- Sounds of the World's Animals
- Cours de
(en Français, naturellement)
- Berkeley Phonology Lab
Raising (/ay, aw/ ==> [@y, @w] before voiceless obstruents)
- Online Speech Synthesizer
- Applied All
Linguistics is Applied Linguistics. So, what else is new?
- The English Language Institute, at the University of Michigan
- The one, the only.
- The Center for Applied Linguistics
- Charles University Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics
- Birkbeck resources:
- WWW Virtual Library for Applied Linguistics
- Birkbeck Applied
- Interlanguage Centre
- The English Language Loving or livid
- Grammar, Usage, & Style My Language, Write Or Rong
- Frequently Asked Questions about English grammar and usage, Series 1 and 2
- by (* ahem *) John Lawler
- Jack Lynch's Literary Research Tools
and Grammar and Style Notes
- English Grammar
- Literary Stylistics, EL 307, NUS
- Introduction to Critical Reading, at Pitt
- C.-J. Bailey's Orchid Land Publications
- ESL, EFL and CALL
- 1918 Strunk's Elements of Style,
and Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch's 1919 The Oxford Book of English Verse, complete
- English 88: Modern and Contemporary American Poetry
by Al Filreis at U Pennsylvania.
- Verb Index
- History From Beowulf to Netscape
- Old English Pages, and
Hwæt!, both from Cathy Ball at Georgetown
- Middle English
- English 016 Narrative fiction, from Georgetown U.
- Man's Reach Must Exceed his Grasp; or, What's a Metaphor?
George Lakoff, my
thesis advisor, is on the Web now.
- Design for a Theory of Meaning , by Mark Turner
- Tony Veale's Metaphor Home
and Metonymy Group (at Leicester and Nottingham)
- Body Metaphors
We Compute By", by Yours Truly
- "Feelings Stuck
in a GUI
web: metaphors, image-schemata, and designing the human computer
Cyberspace as Place
- Metaphor and Analogy Page Lots of interesting stuff, most by Tony Veale
(Well, not complete universities. Just the important parts.)
- University of Michigan
Linguistics Department home sweet home page
- Georgetown Linguistics
- The LINGUIST List of Linguistics Programs
- University of Chicago
- Cornell University
- site of the 1997 LSA Summer Institute.
- University of
Illinois at Champaign/Urbana
- site of the 1999 LSA Summer Institute
- University of California
at Santa Barbara
- site of the 2001 LSA Summer
- Stockholm University Linguistics Dept.
list of Linguistics Departments
- Ohio State University Linguistics Dept
- Rochester Linguistics Links
- Eastern Michigan University Linguistics Program
- Cal State Fullerton
- Computational Linguistics Extremely
well-represented on the Net,
- for fairly obvious reasons. There are
many, many more resources one can track down.
by Chris Manning
- Dragomir Radev of the
UM's School of
from the online appendices of
Computers in Linguistics: Principles and Practice
- Computational Linguistics Sites in the U.K.
- Nordic Computational Linguistics Network
- Introduction to Computational Linguistics at Georgetown
- Indonesian Machine Translation, a particularly nice example of the genre
- Computational Linguistics E-Prints
- Computational Linguistics Sites in Germany
- The ACL NLP/CL Universe, at Columbia University
- ECHO - EURODICAUTOM
- James D. McCawley (1938-1999)
Page with his full bibliography
- Helen Dry
Anthony Manuel Rodrigues
- Geoffrey R. Sampson
- Bill Baxter
- San Duanmu
- Jerry Morgan and
- Östen Dahl
Nunberg (as heard on
- Jimmy Harnsberger
- Rob Malouf
- Len Talmy
- Rick Wojcik
- Bridget Copley
- Ivan Sag
- Bert Peeters
- Ellen Prince
- Geoff Pullum
- Dr. Michael A. Covington
- Net links Valuable resources.
Interest to Linguists, from the English Department of
Mississippi State University.
- University of Pennsylvania's Linguistics Links
(with some kind words for these pages. Thanks, folks)
- Umich Linguistics Archives Texts, bibliographies, software, fonts, etc.
- ... and the whole Umich Archive is right upstairs.
- Reference Shelf
- Yahoo Languages & Linguistics
and Linguistics from Rick Wojcik
- EINet: Language
- Books and Journals A very small sample of what's out there
- Internet bookshop
- Index to the Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics from Elsevier.
(European mirror in the Netherlands)
- John Benjamins
- There really
is a John Benjamins, by the way. I met him at LSA once.
- Chicago Linguistic Society
Linguistics Catalogue and
Thesaurus, 1911 edition
- Language, journal of the
Linguistic Society of America
- The Chicago Linguistic Society
- WordNet and WordNet 1.5 on the Web
- Comp-jugador provides conjugations of Spanish verbs online.
- Association for Linguistic Typology
- Yahoo - Business:Corporations:Languages (didn't think there were any, did you?)
- Meta Text Analysis
- alt.adjective.noun.verb.verb.verb Must be experienced; a real net.unique.
- CFP: Symposium: Theories and Metaphors of Cyberspace; how to publish and perish.
- The Requirements of a Computing Environment for Linguistic Research,
- by Gary Simons of the SIL (to be published in our upcoming book)
- General Semantics (in French)
- The LINGUIST Gratuitous Pig
- McCarthy on Concepts, a very interesting proposal.
- The Symbolic Systems Program at Stanford (CogSci-based)
- GOODSPEED DAY
- Chomsky interview in geekgirl #2
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John Lawler The Eclectic Company