NOTE: We offer this course every other year. I will next teach this course in the fall 2022 semester.
We meet Fridays 1:00 - 3:50 pm.
Yes, the Canvas site (with readings, etc.) for the fall 2020 course is online.
Most of the readings will be available via Canvas. There are three books (below).
Questions? Feel free to email me. Best, Scott Campbell
IMPORTANT NOTE:This class will be offered online this fall. If you are NOT officially registered for the class but would like to sit in on the first session(s), please email me so I can add you to the Zoom invitation list. Thank you.
Scott Campbell (home page) • Assignments • Student-Written Reading Notes • office hours • Canvas site • class listserv • theorist timeline • Ebooks link • remembrances of Planning Scholars • planning history timeline • send me anonymous feedback/comments
|Sep 18 & 25
German & Chicago
|Oct 2 & 9
Harvey & Castells
|Oct 23 Modernism||Oct 30
|Nov 13 Culture||Nov 20
last modified: February 26, 2021
Where does the city end and society begin? What do we make of the boundaries between the specific questions that urban planning (and allied fields) ask and the larger world of social theory? I encourage you to navigate these boundary issues two ways: Look at the broader questions and phenomena in society (inequality, human development, democracy, racism, gender, society-nature relations, nationalism, etc.) through the disciplinary framing of urban theory (concepts of space, place, urbanization, neighborhoods, etc.), just as I wish that you step outside of the discipline and view the specific theories and methods of urban analysis against the larger context of society.
We will use three main texts:
We will introduce the course, the main themes and debates of urban theory, and tour the semester's readings.
optional background reading:
Storper, M and A Scott. 2016. Current debates in urban theory. Urban Studies, Vol. 53(6) 1114–1136 [in Canvas]
[note: I have also included several related readings in Canvas in case you want to read other articles linked to this on-going debate]
|[no class Sept 11]|
Classic Readings in Urban Theory: the German and Chicago Schools, plus other foundational ideas
Sept. 18: German School
Engels, Friedrich. 1845. "The
Great Towns", in Condition
of the Working Class in England. (online reading)
Sennett, R. (Ed.). (1969). Classic Essays on the Culture of Cities. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. ("Introduction") [newly added to Canvas]
Note: I have divided readings into three groups: (1) the core required readings (for all to read), including both original texts by "the Chicago School" (e.g., Park, Burgess, Wirth) and more recent critiques/commentaries (e.g., Gans, Fischer, Saunders), plus two short readings (Mumford, Lych) that don't fit into the Chicago School but I wanted to make sure we all read and discuss these two important urbanists (though if you DO see connections to the Chicago School, I welcome your insights!) ; (2) highly recommended but not required; (3) even more readings (wholly optional).
1. The Core Readings for the week (to be included in the reading notes)
Gans, Herbert, Urbanism
and Suburbanism as Ways of Life: A Reevaluation of Definitions. in Canvas. also in The
Urban Sociology Reader (first edition only). [also available via google books]
Mumford, Lewis. 1937. What is a city? Architectural Record LXXXII (November).
2. High Recommended But not Required
3. Even More Readings (wholly optional)
David Harvey and a Geographical View
background on von Thünen:
David Harvey (cont.) and Manuel Castells (from "the Urban Question" to the Internet)
FIRST PART OF CLASS:
SECOND PART OF CLASS:
Castells, Manuel. 1977. The urban question : a Marxist approach. (translation of La question urbaine by Alan Sheridan). London: Edward Arnold. [read Section II: "The Urban Ideology, pp. 73-112].
Castells, Manuel. 2010. The Space of Flows (Ch 6), in The Rise of the Network Society (2nd edition). Wiley. [access online via UM Library]. chapter also in Canvas.
Castells, Manuel. 2009. Power of Identity : Economy, Society, and Culture (2nd Edition). Wiley-Blackwell. [Ebooks]
Henri Lefebvre and the Production
Selectively read these secondary texts to understand the context, interpretation and impacts of Lefebvre's ideas on space:
see also these books in Ebooks:
OPTION: review the influences of Lefebvre on Soja's Postmodern Geographies: the Reassertion of Space in Critical Social Theory) google book version
Modernism, Modernization & Urban Development: International Perspectives
Holston, James. 1989. The Modernist City: An Anthropological Critique of Brasilia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (read: pp. 41-58 (part of ch2); 74-98 (part of ch3] [in Canvas]. alternate version: google book version (limited view)
Mitchell, Timothy. 2002. Rule of experts: Egypt, techno-politics, modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Robinson, Jennifer. 2006. Ordinary cities: between modernity and development. London ; New York: Routledge. (Introduction, Chs. 1, 2, 4). [Canvas]
Scott, James C.. The Institution for Social and Policy Studies : Seeing Like a State : How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, US: Yale University Press, 2008. (Chapter 3. Authoritarian High Modernism; and Ch. 4, The High-Modernist City. Ch. 9 also included in the Canvas scan, but not required reading for the week). [also, the full text is in Ebooks].
Watson, Vanessa. 2002. The Usefulness of Normative Planning Theories in the Context of Sub-Saharan Africa. Planning Theory 1 (1):27-52. [Canvas]
Note: The Oct 23 & 30 sessions switched from the original syllabus sequence.
The Geographic Imagination: Guest: Prof. Kim Kinder
Mitchell, Timothy. Colonising Egypt. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991. (Chapter 1) [in Canvas]
Pickles, John. (2004) A History of Spaces: Cartographic reason, mapping, and the geo-coded world. New York: Routledge. Chapters 1, 3, and 7 [eBook link]
Scott, Seeing Like a State, Chapters 1 and 2 [eBook link]
Craib, Raymond. (2004) Cartographic Mexico: A History of State Fixations and Fugitive Landscapes. Durham, NC: Duke. (Chapter 2) [in Canvas]
other geographic readings of interest (beyond today's assigned readings above)
Craib, Raymond. (2004) Cartographic Mexico: A History of State Fixations and Fugitive Landscapes. Durham, NC: Duke. (Introduction and Chapters 1, 3)
Schorske, Carl E. Fin-de-siècle Vienna: politics and culture. Vintage, 1980. (Chapter 2)
Weizman, Eyal. Hollow land: Israel's architecture of occupation. Verso Books, 2012. (Chapter 1)
Mitchell, Katharyne. Crossing the neoliberal line: Pacific Rim migration and the metropolis. Temple University Press, 2004. (Chapter 5)
Rojas, James. “The enacted environment.” In Everyday America, edited by Chris Wilson and Paul Groth, 275-292. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
[possibility: Benjamin, The Arcades Project]
Globalization, Global Cities (see class blog: "Visualizing the Global/National/Local") [move to after geography]
John Friedmann, The World City Hypothesis, in The Urban Sociology
new additions might include:
Wood, Astrid. 2020. Decolonising cities of the global South in the classroom and beyond. Town Planning Review: Volume 91, Issue 5, September. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3828/tpr.2020.30
Adams, David;Andres, Lauren;Denoon-Stevens, Stuart Paul;Melgaço, Lorena . 2020. Challenges, opportunities and legacies: experiencing the internationalising of UK planning curricula across space and time Town Planning Review: Volume 91, Issue 5, September DOI: https://doi.org/10.3828/tpr.2020.29
Turning the Urban Base vs. Cultural Superstructure on its Head: Culture, Urban Politics and the Future of Social Spaces
Sharon Zukin, Whose Culture? Whose City?, in The Urban Sociology
Reader (both 1st and 2nd editions).
optional, see also:
Urban Futures: Smart Cities, Cyber Cities, Virtual Cities, Digital Slums?
We will engage such issues as the tension between upbeat techno futures of smart cities (with sensors and personalized experiences) and distopian warnings about high security, privatization and the loss of privacy. How will automated vehicles, ubiquitous computing, urban sensors, etc. intersect with traditional design and planning? How will this future collide with climate change, growing inequality and threats to democracy? How do past experiences with urban futurisms (e.g., Garden Cities, City Beautiful, High Modernism, etc.) offer us lessons about the optimism and shortcomings of predicting wonderful cities of the future?
Shannon Mattern. 2017. A City Is Not a Computer. Places. February. [link]
Shannon Mattern. 2013. Methodolatry and the Art of Measure. The new wave of urban data science. Places. November. [link]
Laura Forlano. 2015. Towards an Integrated Theory of the Cyber-Urban Digital Materiality and Networked Media at Multiple Scales. DCS | Digital Culture and Society | Vol. 1, Issue 1.
Laura Forlano. Decentering the Human in the Design of Collaborative Cities. DesignIssues: Volume 32, Number 3 Summer 2016.
McFarlane, Colin, and Ola Söderström. 2017. "On alternative smart cities." City 21 (3-4):312-328. doi: 10.1080/13604813.2017.1327166.
Safransky, Sara. 2019. "Geographies of Algorithmic Violence: Redlining the Smart City." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research n/a (n/a). doi: 10.1111/1468-2427.12833.
Ian Austen and Daisuke Wakabayashi. 2020. Google Sibling Abandons Ambitious City of the Future in Toronto. The New York Times. May 7. [link]
Green, Ben, and Franklin-Hodge, Jascha. The Smart Enough City?: Putting Technology in Its Place to Reclaim Our Urban Future. MIT Press, 2019. [UM Library digital copy]
Zandbergen, Dorien, and Justus Uitermark. 2020. "In search of the Smart Citizen: Republican and cybernetic citizenship in the smart city." Urban Studies 57 (8):1733-1748. doi: 10.1177/0042098019847410.
Lung-Amam, Willow, Ariel H. Bierbaum, Sheri Parks, Gerrit-Jan Knaap, Gail Sunderman, and Lauren Stamm. 2019. "Toward Engaged, Equitable, and Smart Communities: Lessons From West Baltimore." Housing Policy Debate:1-19. doi: 10.1080/10511482.2019.1672082.
Fernandez-Anez, Victoria, José Miguel Fernández-Güell, and Rudolf Giffinger. 2018. "Smart City implementation and discourses: An integrated conceptual model. The case of Vienna." Cities 78:4-16. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2017.12.004.
Michael Bell & Eunjeong Seong (2017) Cities of Clarified Energy: Houston and Palo Alto, Technology|Architecture + Design, 1:1, 9-15,
|No class Nov 27: Thanksgiving holiday week|
First Nature, Second Nature -or- the Interaction of Cities and the Natural Environment -or- Urban Infrastructure and the Commodification of Natural Resources (see class blog: urbantheorynature.tumblr.cm)
introduction: what is "nature"?
Williams, Raymond. 1980. "Ideas of Nature," in Culture And Materialism: Selected Essays. London: Verso, pp. 67-85.
Cronon, William. 1995. The Trouble with Wilderness; or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature. in William Cronon, ed., Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature, New York: W. W. Norton & Co, 69-90. [link]
water and the city:
Karvonen, A. (2011). Politics of urban runoff : nature, technology, and the sustainable city. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. (Ch 1- The Dilemma of Water in the City). [Ebooks]
Kaika, Maria, and Erik Swyngedouw. "Fetishizing the Modern City: The Phantasmagoria of Urban Technological Networks." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 24, No. 1, March 2000, pp. 120-138.
urban political ecology:
Nik Heynen, and Maria Kaika and Erik Swyngedouw. 2006. "Urban political ecology: politicizing the production of urban natures," in In the nature of cities : urban political ecology and the politics of urban metabolism. Routledge. (Ch. 1, pp. 1-20). [see also google books version]
Corner, James. 2006. Terra Fluxus, in Waldheim, Charles (ed.). Landscape Urbanism Reader. New York, US: Princeton Architectural Press, 2006. [Ebooks]
Waldheim, Charles. 2006. Landscape Urbanism, in Waldheim, Charles (ed.). Landscape Urbanism Reader. New York, US: Princeton Architectural Press, 2006. [Ebooks]
Eric Sagara, Emmanuel Martinez and Ike Sriskandarajah. When spark meets sprawl: Building in wildlands increases fire risk. Reveal: from the Center for Investigative Reporting. October 8, 2016. [both a story and a podcast, examining the human-nature interactions when people live in fire zones.]
Smith, Neil (1990). Uneven Development: Nature, Capital and the Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell. [link] [also on canvas]
Final Session [NOTE: this rescheduled session takes place during exam week -- thank you for your flexibility. We will likely meet from 1:00 - 3:00 pm today, rather than the full 3 hours.]
This last session will provide an opportunity to link common themes from the semester and articulate a set of core questions, principles and debates in urban theory.
TASK: For instructions, go to assignment page.
Additional readings may include: Richard Sennett, Neil Smith, Susan Fainstein, Kevin Lynch, Raymond Williams, Alfred Weber,
Losch, Christaller, von Thunen.
Sidebar: Economic Foundations of Urban Theory
Chinitz, Benjamin. 1961. Contrasts in Agglomeration: New York and Pittsburgh. Journal of the American Economic Association (May):279-289
Krugman, Paul. "Localization," in Geography and Trade. Cambridge, Mass. MIT Press, 1991, pp. 35-67.
North, Douglass C. "Location Theory and Regional Economic Growth." Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 63, No. 3, June 1955, pp. 243-258.
Tiebout, Charles M. "Exports and Regional Economic Growth." Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 64, No. 2, April 1956, pp. 160-164.
Tiebout, Charles M. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures." Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 64, No. 5, October 1956, pp. 416-424.
Glaeser, Edward L. "Why Economists Still Like Cities." City Journal, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1996, pp. 70-77.
Alternative Geography session:
This session examines recent debates on planetary urbanization within a much longer history of city-hinterland relations and their theorization. Geographers have explored relations between cities and the multi-scalar transformations of nature upon which they depend using a range of theoretical tools: classic notions of cities and their hinterlands; old and new thinking on cities' role in producing resource frontiers, peripheries, and territorial space; new adapted concepts such as the metabolic rift. We will survey these ideas theoretically and using examples of their concrete realization in particular places and times.
possible readings include:
Brenner, Neil and Christian Schmid (2015) "Towards a New Epistemology of the Urban?" City 19.2-3: 151-182
Walker, Richard (2015) "Building a Better Theory of the Urban: A Response to 'Towards a New Epistemology of the Urban?'" City 19.2-3: 183-191
Shaw, Kate (2015) "Planetary Urbanisation: What does it Matter for Politics or Practice?" Planning Theory & Practice 16.4: 588-593
Cronon, William (1991) "Ch. 3: Pricing the Future: Grain," selection in Nature's Metropolis, pp. 97-132
Moore, Jason W. (2000) "Environmental Crises and the Metabolic Rift in World-Historical Perspective," Organization and Environment 13: 123-157
Brechin, Gray (2006) "Preface," "Introduction," and "Ch.1: The Pyramid of Mining" In Imperial San Francisco: Urban Power, Earthly Ruin, pp. xxix-xxxiv, 1-13, 14-70
Other books we may consider include:
Castells, Manuel, The Castells Reader on cities and social theory (Blackwell/Wiley)
Marshall, Stephen. 2009. Cities design and evolution. Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY: Routledge.
Fainstein, Susan S. 2010. The Just City. Cornell University Press.
Sennett, Richard. 1994. Flesh and stone : the body and the city in Western civilization. 1st ed. New York: W.W. Norton.
Jacobs, Jane. 1969. The Economy of Cities. New York: Vintage Press.
Sampson, Great American City;
Elden, The Birth of Territory;
Brenner, Implosions/Explosions: Towards a Study of Planetary Urbanization;
Merrifield, The New Urban Question;
Rae, The End of Urbanism