UP532: Sustainable Development -
Resolving Economic and Environmental Conflicts
College of Architecture + Urban Planning
University Of Michigan, Winter 2022
MoWe 2:30 - 4:00 PM
2210 Art & Architecture Bldg

modified: Tuesday, April 5, 2022

course overview
Canvas (online resources, authentication required)
eBooks (online books through UM Library, authentication required)

Prof. Scott Campbell
(734) 763-2077
Office hours
office: 2352 Art & Arch Bldg

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February March

Readings by Week (additions/changes possible)
[Sources:eBooks (online books through UM Library); if no link provided, text on the Canvas site.]

Jan 5: Course Introduction


I. Theories, Histories, Imaginaries of Sustainability

Jan 10: Conceptions of Urban Sustainability

Campbell, Scott. 1996. ""Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities?  Urban Planning and the Contradictions of Sustainable Development", Journal of the American Planning Association 62 (3):  296-312.
Rosenbloom, Sandra. 2016. "Celebrating a Special Anniversary: A Time for Reflection." Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):371-373. doi: 10.1080/01944363.2016.1216221.
Schweitzer, Lisa E. 2016. "Tracing the Justice Conversation After "Green Cities, Growing Cities"." Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):374-379.
Berke, Philip. 2016. "Twenty Years After Campbell's Vision: Have We Achieved More Sustainable Cities?" Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):380-382.
Hirt, Sonia A. 2016. "The City Sustainable: Three Thoughts on "Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities"." Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):383-384.
Campbell (2016) The Planner's Triangle Revisited- Sustainability and the Evolution of a Planning Ideal That Can't Stand Still, Journal of the American Planning Association, 82-4, 388-397.


Moore, Steven A. 2016. "Testing a Mature Hypothesis: Reflection on "Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities: Urban Planning and the Contradiction of Sustainable Development"." Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):385-388.

Saiu, V. (2017). The Three Pitfalls of Sustainable City: A Conceptual Framework for Evaluating the Theory-Practice Gap. Sustainability, 9, 2311.

Gunder, M. (2006). Sustainability: Planning's Saving Grace or Road to Perdition? Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26, 208-221.

Here is the shared google doc that we will use today in small groups. (filename: URP532 W22 Monday 10 Jan, theories and definitions of sustainability- inclass questions for small groups)


Jan 12: The Intellectual and Social History of Urban Sustainability

Berke, Philip R. (2008)- The Evolution of Green Community Planning, Scholarship, and Practice- An Introduction to the Special Issue, Journal of the American Planning Association, 74-4, 393-407

Beatley, Timothy. 2012. Sustainability in Planning: The Arc and Trajectory of a Movement, in Sanyal, Bishwapriya, Vale, Lawrence J., and Rosan, Christina, eds. Planning Ideas That Matter : Livability, Territoriality, Governance, and Reflective Practice. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press. pp. 333-57. [eBooks]

Thomas L. Daniels (2009): A Trail Across Time: American Environmental Planning From City Beautiful to Sustainability, Journal of the American Planning Association, 75:2, 178-192

Redclift, M. (1993). Sustainable Development: Needs, Values, Rights. Environmental Values, 2(1), 3-20.

Caradonna, J. L. (2014). Sustainability : A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Ch 5. From Concept to Movement, pp. 136-175]. [eBooks]

background readings (landmark texts):

Rachel Carson, 1962. Silent Spring (Houghton Mifflin) [here is a New York Times appreciation]

Hardin, Garrett (1968). "The Tragedy of the Commons" (PDF). Science162 (3859): 1243–1248.

Meadows, D. H., Meadows, D. L., Randers, J., & Behrens, W. W., III. (1972). The Limits to growth; a report for the Club of Rome's project on the predicament of mankind. New York: Universe Books. [see excerpt in the Wheeler & Beatley sustainability reader]

Brown, L. R. (1982). Building a sustainable society. Society, 19(2), 75-85.
(for the book-length publication, see Brown, Lester R. and Worldwatch Institute. (1981). Building a sustainable society. New York, Norton.)

World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). Our Common Future ("the Brundtland Commission"). Oxford: Oxford University Press. [link]

[also: introduce ecotopia/dystopia assignment for next session]

Here is the shared google doc that we will use today in small groups. filename: URP532W22, a chronology of sustainability (events, laws, publications, etc)


no class Jan 17: please attend the Martin Luther King Jr. events across campus


Jan 19: What can Ecotopian/Dystopian visions (from Science Fiction, Design, and elsewhere) tell us about Sustainable Futures? [Assignment 1]

[Each student will select an example of a future vision, write a brief critique and present to class. see assignment page for details]


Annette Koh. 2018. The right to the city: urbanism, planning and cities in science fiction and fantasy. The Book Smugglers.

Yusoff, K., & Gabrys, J. (2011). Climate change and the imagination. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 2(4), 516-534.

see also:

Davison, A. (2017). ‘"Not to escape the world but to join it": responding to climate change with imagination not fantasy'. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences375 (20160365)https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2016.0365.

Revell, Tobias and Voss, Georgina (2018) This Must Be The Place: Critical Design and Urban Futurity. In: Tomorrows: Urban Fiction for Possible Futures. Onassis Cultural Centre, pp. 132-139.

Gallardo, Pere, and Russell, Elizabeth, eds. 2014. Yesterday's Tomorrows : On Utopia and Dystopia. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publisher. [ebooks]

Tester, Keith. 2012. Utopia: Social Theory and the Future. Abingdon, Oxon: Taylor & Francis Group. [ebooks]

Collett, Anne, and Murphy, Olivia, eds. 2019. Romantic Climates : Literature and Science in an Age of Catastrophe. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan US. [ebooks]

Canavan, Gerry, and Robinson, Kim Stanley, eds. 2014. Green Planets : Ecology and Science Fiction. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press. [ebooks]

Milner, Andrew. 2012. Locating Science Fiction. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. [ebooks]

Magid, Annette M., ed. 2015. Apocalyptic Projections : A Study of Past Predictions, Current Trends and Future Intimations as Related to Film and Literature. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publisher. [ebooks]

Ascott, Roy, ed. 2006. Engineering Nature : Art and Consciousness in the Post-Biological Era. Bristol: Intellect Books Ltd. [ebooks]


II. Urban Form, Scale and Density: Do they impact sustainability?

Jan 24, 26: Land Use & Sprawl: the Compact Cities Debate

Jan 24:
Bruegmann, Robert. 2005. Sprawl : A Compact History. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press. (Chapters 1, 6, 10, 13) [eBooks]

Beatley, Timothy. 1999. Green Urbanism: Learning from European Cities. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. (Ch. 2: Land Use and Urban Form: Planning Compact Cities).

Calthorpe, Peter. 2010. Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. (Ch. 5: The Urban Footprint) [eBooks]

Jan 26:

Talen, E. 2011. "Sprawl retrofit: sustainable urban form in unsustainable places." Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design no. 38 (6):952-978.

Ewing, R., & Cervero, R. (2010). Travel and built environment: A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Planning Association, 76(3), 265–294.

Marcial H. Echenique, Anthony J. Hargreaves, Gordon Mitchell & Anil Namdeo (2012): Growing Cities Sustainably, Journal of the American Planning Association, 78:2, 121-137. [plus read the lively commentaries on Canvas under "Echenique, JAPA article, PLANET 2012 online debate"]

Congress for the New Urbanism: charter

see also:

Newman, P, and J. Kenworthy. 1989. "Gasoline Consumption and Cities — A Comparison of U.S. Cities with a Global Survey." Journal of the American Planning Association. 55 (1):24-37.

Gordon, Peter, and Harry Richardson. 1990. "Gasoline Consumption and Cities - A Reply." Journal of the American Planning Association 55 (3):342-345.

Gordon, Peter, Harry W. Richardson. 2001. "The Sprawl Debate: Let Markets Plan." Publius.

Jenks, Mike, and Rod Burgess. 2000. Compact Cities : Sustainable Urban Forms for Developing Countries. London, GBR: Spon Press. [eBooks]

Tachieva, Galina. 2010. Sprawl Repair Manual. Island Press. [eBooks]

Neuman, Michael. 2005. The Compact City Fallacy. Journal of the American Planning Association 25: 11-26.

Jan 31: The Regional Scale: Urban-Suburban Balance, Greenbelts, Ecoregions

Walker, Richard A. 2009. Country in the City : The Greening of the San Francisco Bay Area. Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington Press. [Introduction, Chs. 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, Conclusion] [eBooks]

Abbott, Carl;Margheim, Joy. 2008. Imagining Portland's Urban Growth Boundary: Planning Regulation as Cultural Icon. Journal of the American Planning Association; Spring; 74, 2.

Campbell, Scott. 2009. “Megaregions and Sustainability,” in Megaregions: Planning for Global Competitiveness, Catherine Ross (ed), Island Press, pp. 127-139.[eBooks]

Wheeler, Stephen M (2009): Regions, Megaregions, and Sustainability, Regional Studies, 43:6, 863-876

see also:
Mckinney, Matthew J., Johnson, Shawn, and Johnson, Shawn. 2009. Working Across Boundaries : People, Nature, and Regions. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. [ebooks] (see Chapter 1: Why Work Across Boundaries)

Metro (Portland regional government) • mapsmissiontimeline/historyurban growth boundary (UGB) • UGB map

Amati, Marco (ed). 2008. Urban Green Belts in the Twenty-First Century. Abingdon, Oxon, GBR: Ashgate. [eBooks]

Sale, Kirkpatrick. 2001. "There's no place like home..." The Ecologist: 31 (2): 40-43.

Hiss, Tony. 1990. The Experience of Place: A new way of looking at and dealing with out radically changing cities and countryside. New York: Vintage. (Chapter 9, "Thinking Regionally," pp. 194-220.)

Thayer, Robert L. 2003. Life-Place : Bioregional Thought and Practice. Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press. (Ch. 7: Planning: Designing a Life-Place)[eBooks]

Calthorpe, Peter, and William Fulton. 2001. Regional City : New Urbanism and the End of Sprawl. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. (Chs. 1, 3, Conclusion)

Anderson, Larry. 2002. Benton MacKaye : Conservationist, Planner, and Creator of the Appalachian Trail. Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. (Chs. 1, 8-11). [eBooks]

Bailey, Robert G. 2002. Ecoregion-Based Design for Sustainability. Secaucus, NJ, USA: Springer. [eBooks]

Carl Abbott and Margery Post Abbott, A history of Metro,( May 1991) [link through the Metro site]

Ethan Seltzer. 2004. "It’s Not an Experiment: Regional Planning at Metro, 1990 to the Present" (Chapter 2), in Ozawa, C. P. ed. (2004). Portland Edge : Challenges in Growing Communities. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press.


Feb 2: Student Presentations: Mini Case studies of the Connection between Land Use/Urban Form and Sustainability [Assignment 2]

Each student will give a brief 3-4 minute presentation of a mini case study that explores the relationship between land use/urban form and environmental consequences. See the assignment page for details of this assignment.


Is the sustainable City the socially just city? Values, inequalities and inclusive environmentalism

Feb 7: Social Justice + Environmental Sustainability = Environmental Justice?

Agyeman, Julian. 2005. Sustainable Communities and the Challenge of Environmental Justice. New York, NY, USA: New York University Press (NYU Press). [eBooks] [Introduction, Chs 1,2,6; Appendix]

Schrock, G., Bassett, E. M., & Green, J. (2015). Pursuing Equity and Justice in a Changing Climate: Assessing Equity in Local Climate and Sustainability Plans in U.S. Cities. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 35(3), 282-295.

Gunder, Michael. 2006. Sustainability: Planning's Saving Grace or Road to Perdition? Journal of Planning Education and Research. 26: 208-221.

Campbell, Scott D. 2013. Sustainable Development and Social Justice: Conflicting Urgencies and the Search for Common Ground in Urban and Regional Planning. Michigan Journal of Sustainability, Vol 1. [link]

see also:

Cole, H. V. S., Garcia Lamarca, M., Connolly, J. J. T., & Anguelovski, I. (2017). Are green cities healthy and equitable? Unpacking the relationship between health, green space and gentrification. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 71, 1118-1121.

Caniglia, B. S. (Ed.), Vallee, M. (Ed.), Frank, B. (Ed.). (2017). Resilience, Environmental Justice and the City. London: Routledge, https://doi-org.proxy.lib.umich.edu/10.4324/9781315652054. [available online via UM Library -- login required]

Castán, Broto, Vanesa, and Linda Westman. Urban Sustainability and Justice : Just Sustainabilities and Environmental Planning, Zed Books, 2019. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/lib/umichigan/detail.action?docID=5982631. [eBooks]

Pearsall, H., & Pierce, J. (2010). Urban sustainability and environmental justice: evaluating the linkages in public planning/policy discourse. Local Environment, 15(6), 569-580. doi:10.1080/13549839.2010.487528


Feb 9: Eco-Gentrification

Rigolon, A., & Németh, J. (2019). Green gentrification or ‘just green enough’: Do park location, size and function affect whether a place gentrifies or not? Urban Studies.

Dooling, S. (2009). Ecological Gentrification: A Research Agenda Exploring Justice in the City. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 33, 621-639.

Haffner, J. (2015, May 6). The dangers of eco-gentrification: what's the best way to make a city greener? The Guardian. [link]

Rice, J. L., Cohen, D. A., Long, J., & Jurjevich, J. R. Contradictions of the Climate-Friendly City: New Perspectives on Eco-Gentrification and Housing Justice. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research.

McClintock, N. (2018). Cultivating (a) Sustainability Capital: Urban Agriculture, Ecogentrification, and the Uneven Valorization of Social Reproduction. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 108(2), 579-590.


Cucca, R. (2012). The Unexpected Consequences of Sustainability. Green Cities Between Innovation and Ecogentrification. sociologica. doi:10.2383/38269

Harper, E. T. (2020). Ecological Gentrification in Response t Apocalyptic Narratives of Climate Change: The Production of an Immuno-political Fantasy. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 44(1), 55-71. doi:10.1111/1468-2427.12842

Machline, E., Pearlmutter, D., Schwartz, M., & Pech, P. (2020). Green Neighbourhoods and Eco-Gentrification : A Tale of Two Countries. Cham: Springer International Publishing AG. [digital book available through UM Library]

Black, KJ, & Richards, M. (2020). Eco-gentrification and who benefits from urban green amenities: NYC’s high Line. Landscape and Urban Planning, 204, 103900. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2020.103900

Klein, M., B.L. Keeler, K. Derickson, K. Swift, F. Jacobs, H. Waters, R. Walker. (2020). Sharing in the benefits of a greening city. A policy toolkit to address the intersections of housing and environmental justice. link: https://create.umn.edu/toolkit/



Plans & Measures for Sustainable Development

Feb 14: Local Sustainability Plans and Municipal Offices of Sustainability

Liao, L., Warner, M. E., & Homsy, G. C. (2020). When Do Plans Matter? Tracking Changes in Local Government Sustainability Actions From 2010 to 2015. Journal of the American Planning Association, 86(1), 60-74.

Berke, Philip R., and Maria Manta Conroy. 2000. "Are We Planning for Sustainable Development? An Evaluation of 30 Comprehensive Plans." Journal of the American Planning Association, 66(1): 21–33.

Godschalk, David R. 2004. "Land Use Planning Challenges: Coping with Conflicts in Visions of Sustainable Development and Livable Communities." Journal of the American Planning Association, 70(1): 5–13. (in Canvas under "APA,EIP33part3")

Saha, D., & Paterson, R. G. (2008). Local Government Efforts to Promote the “Three Es” of Sustainable Development: Survey in Medium to Large Cities in the United States. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 28(1), 21-37.

International City and County Association. (2016). 2015 ICMA sustainability survey questionnaire and results. [link] (a concise overview of patterns and trends)

see also:

American Planning Association. 2000. Policy Guide on Planning for Sustainability. Ratified by Board of Directors, April 17, 2000, New York, N.Y. (in Canvas under "APA,EIP33part2").

selections from these two files:
APA,EIP33part5: "Excerpts from Comprehensive Plans"
APA,EIP33part6 "Sustainability Elements, Chapters, and Sections from Comprehensive Plans"

Roseland, Mark. 2005. Toward Sustainable Communities : Resources for Citizens and Their Governments. Gabriola Island, BC, CAN: New Society Publishers. (review Ch 3, "Making Community Policy," and Ch 14, "Tools for Community Sustainability). [now on Canvas]

see also:

City of Ann Arbor: Sustainability Framework (2013)
Sustainable Cities Institute: Creating an Environmental Sustainability Plan
Herman, Benjamin A. 2010. "Embracing Sustainability in Community Plans." Planning, April. (in Canvas under "APA,EIP33part3")
Rynne, Suzanne. 2008. "Incorporating Environmental Issues into the Comprehensive Plan." The Commissioner, Fall. (in Canvas under "APA,EIP33part3")National Wildlife Federation (Campus Ecology): Campus sustainability case studies web page.

Alibasi, H. (2018). Sustainability and Resilience Planning for Local Governments. Cham: Springer. [eBook available]

HUD, Sustainability Planning Tookit (2009, written by ICLEI) [link]


Feb 16: How do Cities know they are substantively moving towards sustainability? the Use of Carrying Capacity, Ecological Footprint and Other Measures for Planning

Turcu, C. (2013). Re-thinking sustainability indicators: local perspectives of urban sustainability. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 56(5), 695-719.

Huang, L., Wu, J., & Yan, L. (2015). Defining and measuring urban sustainability: a review of indicators. Landscape Ecology, 30(7), 1175-1193.

Newman, Peter, and Isabella Jennings. 2008. Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems : Principles and Practices. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. (Chapter 4:  Ecological Footprints; pp. 223-7, "Indicator Projects"). [eBooks]

Brandon, Peter, and Patrizia Lombardi. 2010. Evaluating Sustainable Development in the Built Environment (2nd Edition). Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley-Blackwell. (Chapters 4-6) [eBooks]

Newman, Peter, and Isabella Jennings. 2008. Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems : Principles and Practices. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. [eBooks]

see also:

Neuman, M., & Churchill, S. W. (2015). Measuring sustainability. Town Planning Review, 86(4), 457-482.

Conke, L. S., & Ferreira, T. L. (2015). Urban metabolism: Measuring the city's contribution to sustainable development. Environmental Pollution, 202, 146-152

Tanguay, G. A., Rajaonson, J., Lefebvre, J.-F., & Lanoie, P. (2010). Measuring the sustainability of cities: An analysis of the use of local indicators. Ecological Indicators, 10(2), 407-418. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.07.013

Newman, Peter, and Isabella Jennings. 2008. Cities as Sustainable Ecosystems : Principles and Practices. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. (Chapter 5:  Modeling Cities on Ecosystems). [eBooks]

Alan AtKisson. 1996. Developing indicators of sustainable community: Lessons from sustainable Seattle. Environmental Impact Assessment Review. Volume 16, pp 337-350. [see also Seattle's Office of Sustainability and Environment]

Moore, J., Kissinger, M., & Rees, W. E. (2013). An urban metabolism and ecological footprint assessment of Metro Vancouver. Journal of Environmental Management, 124, 51-61. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.03.009. [just added to Canvas]


Feb 21: Case studies of Local Sustainability Plans and Planning [Assignment 3]

Each student will give a brief 3-4 minute presentation of a case study of Local Sustainability Plans and Planning. See the assignment page for details of this assignment.

Feb 23: Case studies of Local Sustainability Measures [Assignment 4]

Each student will give a brief 3-4 minute presentation of a case study of Local Sustainability Measures. See the assignment page for details of this assignment.


Mid-Winter Break: No class Feb 28, Mar 2


Sustainability in the Era of Global Climate Change

Mar 7: Climate Change through the lens of urbanization: the impacts on cities and regions

Long, Joshua, and Jennifer L Rice. 2019. ‘From Sustainable Urbanism to Climate Urbanism’. Urban Studies 56(5): 992–1008.

Meerow, S., & Woodruff, S. C. (2020). Seven Principles of Strong Climate Change Planning. Journal of the American Planning Association, 86(1), 39-46. doi:10.1080/01944363.2019.1652108

Schrock, G., Bassett, E. M., & Green, J. (2015). Pursuing Equity and Justice in a Changing Climate: Assessing Equity in Local Climate and Sustainability Plans in U.S. Cities. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 35(3), 282-295. doi:10.1177/0739456X15580022

World Resources Institute. 2018. IPCC 1.5° Report: We Need to Build and Live Differently in Cities

see also:

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability) •
The earlier report: -eportsCh. 8: Urban areas. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Williams, A. P., Cook, E. R., Smerdon, J. E., Cook, B. I., Abatzoglou, J. T., Bolles, K., . . . Livneh, B. (2020). Large contribution from anthropogenic warming to an emerging North American megadrought. Science, 368(6488), 314-318. doi:10.1126/science. [link] (article summarized in Matt McGrath. 2020. Climate change: US megadrought 'already under way'. BBC News. April 16.)

Goh, K. (2020). Planning the Green New Deal: Climate Justice and the Politics of Sites and Scales. Journal of the American Planning Association, 86(2), 188-195. doi:10.1080/01944363.2019.1688671

Meaghan O'Neill. 2020. How Urban Planners Are Reacting to Climate Change. Architectural Digest. [link]

Flavie Halais. 2020. Cities Race to Slow Climate Change—and Improve Life for All. Wired. [link]

Barbour, Elisa & Elizabeth A. Deakin (2012)- Smart Growth Planning for Climate Protection, Journal of the American Planning Association, 78-1, 70-86.

Susan Handy & Patricia Mokhtarian (2008): Growing Cooler: The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change, Journal of the American Planning Association, 75:1, 95-96.

Ellen Bassett & Vivek Shandas (2010): Innovation and Climate Action Planning, Journal of the American Planning
, 76:4, 435-450.

Ewing, Reid, Keith Bartholomew, and Steve Winkelman. 2008. Growing Cooler : Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change. Washington, DC, USA: Urban Land Institute. (Chs. 1,2,3,9) [eBooks]

Schneider, Stephen H. 2004. Abrupt non-linear climate change, irreversibility and surprise. Global Environmental Change, Volume 14, issue 3 (October): 245-258.

Larsen, L., Rajkovich, N., Leighton, C., McCoy, K., Calhoun, K., Mallen, E., Bush, K., Enriquez, J., Pyke, C., McMahon, S., and Kwok, A. 2011. Green Building and Climate Resilience: Understanding Impacts and Preparing for Changing Conditions. University of Michigan; U.S. Green Building Council. [link]

Flavelle, Christoper. 2021. Tiny Town, Big Decision: What Are We Willing to Pay to Fight the Rising Sea? The New York Times. March 14.


Mar 9: No Class (instructor doing external review at outside university)


Mar 14: The Suburban Edge, Forests and Wildfire: Exurban Growth and the Changing Wildland-Urban Interface (or: Trees as Resource, Trees as Risk)

Themes for today: How do we understand the multiple roles of trees and forests? (as habitat, open space, natural resource, scenery, fire danger). How is the interface between human settlements and forests changing -- due to urban development at the metropolitan edge; due to changing forestry practices; due to increased fire risk? How do we rethink land use planning and regulation?

Spencer Bokat-Lindell. 2019. Can California Save Itself From Burning? New York Times. Oct 29. [link]

Thomas Fuller. 2020. Native Solutions to Big Fires. New York Times. Jan 24. [link]

Damien Cave. 2020. The End of Australia as We Know It. New York Times.Feb 15. [link]

Syphard AD, Bar Massada A, Butsic V, Keeley JE (2013) Land Use Planning and Wildfire: Development Policies Influence Future Probability of Housing Loss. PLoS ONE 8(8): e71708. [link]

Stephen, R. S. (2006). Sustainable forestry in the balance. Journal of Forestry, 104(4), 187-195.

see also:

Read, Anna and Molly Mowery. 2018. Zoning and Land-Use Tools in the Wildland-Urban Interface. Zoning Practice. American Planning Association. [in Canvas] [APA link]

Headwater Economics: Land Use Planning to Reduce Wildfire Risk: Lessons from Five Western Cities. [link] [summary table]


Markey, Sean. 2004. Second Growth: Community Economic Development in Rural British Columbia. Vancouver: UBC Press. [eBooks] (Chs. 3, 4; optional, see also Chs. 1-2).

Rajala, Richard A. 1998. Clearcutting the Pacific Rain Forest: Production, Science, and Regulation. Vancouver, BC, CAN: UBC Press. [eBooks] (Ch. 1 The Forest as Factory: Technological Change in West Coast Logging, 1880-1965; and Ch 2 Managing the Factory Regime: The Emergence of Logging Engineering and Industrial Forestry, 1880-1965)

Van Kooten, G. Cornelis. 1993. Land Resource Economics and Sustainable Development: Economic Policies and the Common Good. Vancouver, BC, CAN: UBC Press. (Ch 14, Economics and Management of Public Forestlands) [eBooks]

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Fossil Energy and National Energy Technology Laboratory. 2009. Modern Shale Gas Development in the United States: A Primer. [link ] 2013 update

Cohen, Shaul Ephraim. 2004. Planting Nature : Trees and the Manipulation of Environmental Stewardship in America. Berkeley: University of California Press. [eBooks]

Ross, Michael L. 2001. Timber Booms and Institutional Breakdown Southeast Asia. Port Chester, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. [eBooks]
Barton, Gregory A. 2002. Empire Forestry and the Origins of Environmentalism. West Nyack, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. [eBooks]
McEvoy, Thomas J. 2004. Positive Impact Forestry : A Sustainable Approach to Managing Woodlands. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. [eBooks]


Local Services: Transportation, water, energy, Materials/Waste/Recycling

Mar 16: Moving Outside Cars: towards a Pedestrian-, Bicycle- and Transit-Friendly Landscape

Schlossberg, M., Rowell, J., Amos, D., & Sanford, K. (2013). Rethinking Streets: An Evidence-based Guide to 25 Complete Street Transformations. Eugene, OR: Sustainable Cities Initiative, University of Oregon. [in Canvas; see also: http://www.rethinkingstreets.com/, which also includes Rethinking Streets for Bikes]

Speck, J., & SpringerLink (Online service). (2018). Walkable City: Rules 101 Steps to Making Better Places. [read online via Springer Link c/o UM Library]


Please explore these many resources (both governmental and non-profit sources):

Streetsblog: Informing The Movement To Improve Walking, Biking, And Transit (many relevant articles, including: "Advocates to Feds: We Need a New Traffic-Control Manual" 3/24/2021)

BUILDING EQUITY: Race, ethnicity, class, and protected bike lanes: An idea book for fairer cities (A report from PeopleForBikes and Alliance for Biking & Walking) [updated link]

Tamika Butler. 2020. Why We Must Talk About Race When We Talk About Bikes. Bicycling. June 9.

Smart Growth America: National Complete Streets Coalition

Michigan Municipal League: Complete Streets

SEMCOG: Complete Streets

Detroit Greenways Coalition: Complete Streets+ (including a 5 minute video)

Complete Streets: Detroit's Streetscape Program (5 minute video)

Washtenaw Biking and Walking Coalition - Sustainable Transportation

Ars Technica: US pedestrian deaths rose sharply in the first half of 2020 (3/23/2021)

Beyond the Automobile (blog)

The Guardian. "‘Would that all journeys were on foot’: writers on the joy of walking" (9/21/2018) and 'Let's bring back the dignity of walking': being on foot in your city (9/21/2018)

Speck, J. (2012). Walkable city : how downtown can save America, one step at a time (1st ed.). New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

See also Ann Arbor's transportation page (such as the 2019 NON-MOTORIZED PROGRESS REPORT), about complete streets, walkability, non-motorized transportation planning, the links between local- and state-level transportation efforts, and how the idea of sustainability is viewed from within the world of transportation planning! See also: Ann Arbor Moving Together Towards Vision Zero


Mar 21: Water

Gandy, Matthew. 2002. Concrete and clay : reworking nature in New York City, Urban and industrial environments. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. (Chapter 1: "Water, Space and Power," pp. 19-75 - in Canvas)
[NOTE: electronic text also available online via UM Library's NetLibrary.] *I also recommend the very useful introduction (also in Canvas).

Kaika, Maria, and Erik Swyngedouw. "Fetishizing the Modern City: The Phantasmagoria of Urban Technological Networks." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 24, No. 1, March 2000, pp. 120-138.

Richter, et al. 2018. JOURNAL AWWA. Assessing the Sustainability of Urban Water Supply Systems. AWWA. February.

NRDC: Green Infrastructure: How to Manage Water in a Sustainable Way

see also:

US EPA: Things Local Officials Should Do for Sustainable Water

IWA: Sustainability in Water Supply

Macaulay, David. 1983. Underground. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. [eBooks] [a modern classic set of illustrations; see section on underground water, sewer and storm drain systems, ca. pp. 44-65]

Kallis, Giorgos, Michael Kiparsky, and Richard Norgaard. 2009. "Collaborative governance and adaptive management: Lessons from California's CALFED Water Program." Environmental Science & Policy 12 (6):631-643.

CALFED links: CALFED OperationsWater Education Foundation • 

Fiege, Mark. 2009. Irrigated Eden : The Making of an Agricultural Landscape in the American West. Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington Press. [eBooks]
Jones, Nick, Karen R. Jones, and John Wills. 2009. American West : Competing Visions. Edinburgh, GBR: Edinburgh University Press. [see Ch. 8: "The Thirsty West: Grand Canyon, Hoover Dam and Las Vegas"] [eBooks]
Pisani, Donald J. 2002. Water and American Government : The Reclamation Bureau, National Water Policy, and the West, 1902-1935. Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press. [eBooks]
Brooks, Karl Boyd. 2009. Public Power, Private Dams : The Hells Canyon High Dam Controversy. Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington Press.[eBooks]
Maxwell, Steve, and Scott Yates. 2011. Future of Water : A Startling Look Ahead. Denver, CO, USA: American Water Works Association. [eBooks]

March 23: Energy (local renewables, microgrids, etc.)


Coffey. 2019. Planning for Utility-Scale Solar Energy Facilities. PAS Memo. [Canvas]

APA, Integrating-Solar-into-Local-Development-Regulations. [Canvas]

Damian Pitt & Ellen Bassett (2013) Collaborative Planning for Clean Energy Initiatives in Small to Mid-Sized Cities, Journal of the American Planning Association, 79:4, 280-294, DOI: 10.1080/01944363.2014.914846. [Canvas]


see also:

American Planning Association: APA Policy Guide on EnergyWind EnergySolar Energy

Clinton J. Andrews AICP (2008) Energy Conversion Goes Local: Implications for Planners, Journal of the American Planning Association, 74:2, 231-254, DOI: 10.1080/01944360801993531.

Rynne et al., Planning for Wind Energy, PAS-Report-566

Morley (ed), Planning for Solar Energy, PAS-Report-575

Shutford, Rynne, Mueller, Planning for a New Energy and Climate Future, PAS-Report-558

WIndustry: https://www.windustry.org/community_wind_toolbox

Gundlach, 2019, Getting_the_Value_of_Distributed_Energy_Resources_Right (see esp. pp 5-8 for an overview)

MacKay, D.J., 2009. Sustainable Energy - Without the Hot Air, 1st ed., UIT Cambridge Ltd. Access at withouthotair.com



Mar 28: Approaching Environmental Sustainability through Public Health/Population Health

[note: topics/readings for Mar 28 - Apr 4 rearranged]

Hebbert, Michael. 1999. "City in good shape: Town planning and public health." Town Planning Review 70 (4):433-53.

Corburn, Jason. 2009. Toward the healthy city : people, places, and the politics of urban planning, Urban and industrial environments series. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. (Chs 1,2,6,7) [eBooks]

Jackson, Richard, and Stacy Sinclair. 2012. Designing healthy communities. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. (Chs 1,2) [eBooks]

Coutts, C., & Taylor, C. (2011). Putting the capital "E" environment into ecological models of health. Journal of Environmental Health, 74(4), 26-29.

see also:
World Health Organization: Health Impact Assessment (useful information page and portal)
UN Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: Ecosystems and Human Well-being

Khan, Omar A., Gregory Pappas, and American Public Health Association. 2011. Megacities & global health. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association. [eBooks]

Lopez, Russ. 2012. The built environment and public health. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. [eBooks]

Frumkin, Howard, Lawrence D. Frank, and Richard Jackson. 2004. Urban sprawl and public health : designing, planning, and building for healthy communities. Washington, DC: Island Press. [eBooks]

Corburn, Jason. 2013. Healthy City Planning : From Neighbourhood to National Health Equity. London: Taylor & Francis Group. [eBooks]

Schneider, Dona, and Lilienfeld, David E., eds. 2008. Public Health : The Development of a Discipline - From the Age of Hippocrates to the Progressive Era. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. [eBooks] (see esp. Part II: the Sanitary Reform Movement.)

Martin V. Melosi. The Sanitary City?: Environmental Services in Urban America From Colonial Times to the Present. Vol Abridged edition. University of Pittsburgh Press; 2008. [available via UM Library/Ebsco]


Mar 30: Resource-Dependent Communities: Mining, Fracking, Timber

[note: topics/readings for Mar 28 - Apr 4 rearranged]

[theme: how the search for domestic energy sources using new extraction technologies has led to a new landscape of drilling, with new economic opportunities in rural communities and complex environmental impacts and land regulation challenges]

Beebeejaun, Y. (2017). Exploring the intersections between local knowledge and environmental regulation: A study of shale gas extraction in Texas and Lancashire. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 35(3), 417-433. doi:10.1177/0263774X16664905

Loh, C. G., & Osland, A. C. (2016). Local Land Use Planning Responses to Hydraulic Fracturing. Journal of the American Planning Association, 82(3), 222-235. doi:10.1080/01944363.2016.1176535

Sabina E. Deitrick and Ilia Murtazashvili (eds). 2022. When Fracking Comes to Town: Governance, Planning, and Economic Impacts of the US Shale Boom. Cornell University Press. [available via Project Muse]. [Please read: Introduction; 3. How the Legal Framework of Fracking in Appalachia Disserves the Poor; see also Ch. 6 & 8.]

University of Michigan Graham Sustainability Institute. 2015. Hydraulic Fracturing in Michigan Integrated Assessment Final Report [link]

see also:

Fry, M., Brannstrom, C., & Sakinejad, M. (2017). Suburbanization and shale gas wells: Patterns, planning perspectives, and reverse setback policies. Landscape and Urban Planning, 168, 9-21. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.08.005

Pothukuchi, K., Arrowsmith, M., & Lyon, N. (2018). Hydraulic Fracturing. Journal of Planning Literature, 33(2), 155-170. doi:10.1177/0885412217733991

Freilich, R. H., & Popowitz, N. M. (2012). Oil and gas fracking: State and federal regulation does not preempt needed local government regulation: Examining the santa fe county oil and gas plan and ordinance as a model. The Urban Lawyer, 44(3), 533-575.

Nolon, J. R., & Polidoro, V. (2012). Hydrofracking: Disturbances both geological and political: Who decides? The Urban Lawyer, 44(3), 507-532.

Steven C. Deller and Andrew Schreiber. 2012. Frac Sand Mining and Community Economic Development. University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Agricultural & Applied Economics Staff Paper No. 565, May 2012. [link]

plus see these resources on fracking from various perspectives: Clean Water Action (on fracking) • Grow WNY: A Fracking Primer • US DOE: Fracking 101API (American Petroleum Institute) : Hydraulic Fracturing • among many others...

video resources on fracking: My Water's On Fire Tonight (The Fracking Song)"Gasland" (NOW on PBS) •  ProPublica's Abrahm Lustgarten on Congress's fracking report • PBS News Hour: 'Fracking' for Natural Gas Continues to Raise Health Questions (other PBS news hour videos on fracking) • This American Life: "Game Changer" (audio podcast) • Shale cowboys: fracking under Trump | VPRO Documentary | 2017


The economics of Sustainability / the Conflicts between Economic Development and Environmental Protection

Apr 4: Using Urban Economics and Resource Economics to Understand Barriers and Opportunities towards Sustainability

[we will have a short lecture, and then do an in-class role play/scenario. If possible please attend in person, though we can also find a role for students participating via zoom.]

Power, T. M. (1998). Lost Landscapes and Failed Economies: The Search for a Value of Place. Covelo, CA: Island Press. [Please read Chs. 1 & 3] [Canvas]


optional: here are some additional articles on the challenges of the timber --> tourism transition:

"Trouble in Timber Town: Decades after an industry downfall, towns still grapple with what's next." October 21, 2009. Oregon Business
Stronach. Cultural Change Or An Uneasy Truce? Forestry and Tourism in Geeveston, Southern Tasmania. TASMANIAN HISTORICAL STUDIES VOL. 22 2017
David Vail, Lars Hultkrantz . 2000. Property rights and sustainable nature tourism: adaptation and mal-adaptation in Dalarna (Sweden) and Maine (USA) . Ecological Economics 35 (2000) 223–242.
Rodríguez-Piñeros, Sandra, and Yesica Mayett-Moreno. “Forest owners' perceptions of ecotourism: Integrating community values and forest conservation.” Ambio vol. 44,2 (2015): 99-109.
Damon Runberg. The Myth of Bend’s Timber-to-Tourism Transition . Southern Oregon Business Journal. December 3, 2019


Apr 6: Student choice: Sustainable Food Systems and the Future of Jobs in Sustainability

Thank you for completing the survey: the two top choices are food and jobs! I have invited two members of the Taubman college community to attend (via Zoom), each for part of the session. I will add 1-2 short readings soon.

  • Lou Ecken Kidd, Director of Career and Professional Development
  • Lesli Hoey, Associate Professor of Urban and Regional Planning and Director of Doctoral Studies in Urban and Regional Planning

Short readings:

Lesli Hoey. "Strategies for institutionalizing food systems planning" (chapter in forthcoming edited book) [Canvas]
APA Policy Guide on Community and Regional Food Planning

see also: https://www.planetizen.com/jobs



Apr 11 & 13: Student Presentations of Projects [Assignment 5]

[students will make presentations of their case study projects -- see assignment page for details]


Towards a Sustainable Future -- COncluding Session

Apr 18: Conclusion: the Future of "Sustainable Development -- the Ongoing Evolution of an Idea [Assignment 6]

This last session will provide an opportunity to link common themes from the class sessions and develop a set of principles for sustainable urbanism. [instructions on assignments page]





ADDENDUM: Extra topics/modules *NOT* in this year's schedule:

Note: Here are several other possible class modules:




OTHER TOPIC: International Models of Sustainable Development Planning (including a focus on Germany)

Heinrichs, H., & Schuster, F. (2017). Still some way to go: institutionalisation of sustainability in German local governments. Local Environment, 22(5), 536-552. [new date

David Thorpe, The World's Most Successful Model for Sustainable Urban Development? [link] see also: Andrew Purvis, Is this the greenest city in the world? The Guardian, 23 Mar 2008. [link] and Freiburg‘s sustainability process

Olpadwala, Porus and William W. Goldsmith, 1992, "The Sustainability of Privilege: Reflections on the Environment, the Third World City, and Poverty," World Development, Vol. 20, #4, April.

Evans, Peter. 2002. Livable Cities? Urban Struggles for Livelihood and Sustainability. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. (Chs 1, 3, 7, 8) [eBooks]

see also:
Chen, Gang, and Liang Fook Lye. 2010. Towards a Livable and Sustainable Urban Environment : Eco-Cities in East Asia. River Edge, NJ, USA: World Scientific Publishing Co. [eBooks]

Ross, Michael L. 2001. Timber Booms and Institutional Breakdown Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press. (Ch 2: The Problem of Resource Booms) [eBooks]

TOPIC: Materials Cycle (trash, recycling, composting)