Associate Professor
Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering
University of Michigan
Email: xianglei at umich.edu
Phone: (734) 936-0491
2455 Hayward Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2143
Five representative publications
  • Huang, X. L., X. H. Chen, M. G. Flanner, P. Yang, D. Feldman, C. Kuo, Improved representation of surface spectral emissivity in a global climate model and its impact on simulated climate, J. Climate, 31(9), 3711-3727, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0125, 2018.
  • Huang, X. L., X.H. Chen, D. K. Zhou, X. Liu, An observationally based global band-by-band surface emissivity dataset for climate and weather simulations, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73, 3541-3555, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0355.1, 2016.
  • Chen, X. H., X. L. Huang, M. G. Flanner, Sensitivity of modeled far-IR radiation budgets in polar continents to treatments of snow surface and ice cloud radiative properties, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2014GL061216, 41(18), 6530-6537, 2014.
  • Huang, X.L.,W.Z. Yang, N.G. Loeb, and V. Ramaswamy, Spectrally resolved fluxes derived from collocated AIRS and CERES measurements and their application in model evaluation: 1. clear sky over the tropical oceans, JGR-Atmospheres, 113, D09110, doi:10.1029/2007JD009219, 2008.
  • Huang, X.L., and Y. L. Yung, Spatial and spectral variability of the outgoing thermal IR spectra from AIRS: A case study of July 2003, JGR-Atmospheres, 110 (6),D12102, doi:10.1029/2004JD005530, 2005.

  • Peer-reviewed journal publications: (Ph.D. advisees underlined)
    1. Ren, T., P. Yang, G. L. Tang, X. L. Huang, E. Mlawer, Improved delta-Eddington approximation for optically thin clouds, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 240, 106694, 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2019.106694, 2020.
    2. Kuo, C.-P., P. Yang, X. L. Huang, Y.-H. Chen, G.S. Liu, Assessing the accuracy and efficiency of longwave radiative transfer models involving scattering effect with cloud optical property parameterizations, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 240, 106683, 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2019.106683, 2020
    3. Peterson, C., X.H. Chen, Q. Yue, X.L. Huang, The Spectral Dimension of Arctic Outgoing Longwave Radiation and Greenhouse Efficiency Trends from 2003-2016, JGR-Atmospheres, 124, 10.1029/2019JD030428, 2019.
    4. Chen, Y.-H., X.L. Huang, X. H. Chen, M. G. Flanner, The Effects of Surface Longwave Spectral Emissivity on Atmospheric Circulation and Convection over the Sahara and Sahel, J. Climate, 32(15), 4873-4890, 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0615.1, 2019.
    5. Wu, K., J. N. Li, J. Cole, X. L. Huang, K. vo Salzen, F. Zhang, Accounting for Several Infrared Radiation Processes in Climate Models, J. Climate, 32(15), 4601-4620, 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0648.1, 2019.
    6. Huang, X.L., X. H. Chen, Q. Yue, Band-by-band contributions to the longwave cloud radiative feedbacks, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, doi.org/10.1029/2019GL083466, 2019.
    7. Yue, Q., B. H. Kahn, E. J. Fetzer, S. Wong, X. L. Huang, M. Schreier, Temporal and Spatial Characteristics of Short-term Cloud Feedback on Global and Local Interannual Climate Fluctuations from A-Train Observations, J. Climate, 32(5), 1875-1893, 10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0335.1, 2019.
    8. Pan, F., X. L. Huang, The spectral dimension of modeled relative humidity feedbacks in the CMIP5 experiments, J. Climate, 31 (24), 10021-10038, 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0491.1, 2018.
    9. Chen, X. H., X. L. Huang, X. Q. Dong, B. K. Xi, E. Dolinar, N. Loeb, S. Kato, P, Stackhouse, M. Bosilovich, Using AIRS and ARM SGP clear-sky observations to evaluate meteorological reanalyses: a hyperspectral radiance closure approach, JGR-Atmospheres, 123 (20), 11720-11734, 10.1029/2018JD028850, 2018.
    10. Aumann, H. H., X. H. Chen, E. Fishbein, A. Geer, S. Havemann, X. L. Huang, X. Liu, G. Liuzzi, S. DeSouza‐Machado, E. M. Manning, G. Masiello, M. Matricardi, I. Moradi, V. Natrai, C. Serio, L. L. Strow, J. Vidot, R. C. Wilson, W. Wu, Q. G. Yang, Y. L. Yung, Evaluation of Radiative Transfer Models with Clouds, JGR-Atmospheres, 123(11), 6142-6157, doi:10.1029/2017JD28073, 2018.
    11. Tang, G. L., P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, X. L. Huang, E. J. Mlawer, B. A. Baum, M. D. King, Improvement of the simulation of cloud longwave scattering in broadband radiative transfer models, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 75(7), 2217-2233, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-18-0014.1, 2018.
    12. Kato, S., F. G. Rose, D. A. Rutan, T. J. Thorsen, N. G. Loeb, D. R. Doelling, X. L. Huang, W. L. Smith, W. Y. Su, S.-H. Ham, Surface Irradiances of Edition 4.0 Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) Energy Balanced and Filled (EBAF) Data Product, J. Climate, 31(11), 4501-4527, doi:10.175/JCLI-D-17-0523.1, 2018.
    13. Huang, X. L., X. H. Chen, M. G. Flanner, P. Yang, D. Feldman, C. Kuo, Improved representation of surface spectral emissivity in a global climate model and its impact on simulated climate, J. Climate, 31(9), 3711-3727, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0125, 2018.
    14. Flanner, M. G., X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, G. Krinner, Climate response to negative greenhouse gas forcing in polar winter, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 1997–2004. doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076668, 2018.
    15. Kuo, C., D. R. Feldman, X. L. Huang, M. G. Flanner, P. Yang, X. H. Chen, Time-Dependent Cryospheric Longwave Surface Emissivity Feedback in the Community Earth System Model, JGR-Atmospheres, 123. doi.org/10.1002/2017JD027595, 2018.
    16. DeSouza-Machado S., L. L. Strow, A. Tangborn, X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, X. Liu, W. Wu, Q. G. Yang, Single Footprint Retrievals for AIRS using a Fast Two Slab Cloud-Representation Model and All-Sky Radiative Transfer Algorithm, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 11, 529-550, doi.org/10.5194/amt-11-529-2018, 2018.
    17. Kuo, C.-P., P. Yang, X. L. Huang, D. Feldman, M. Flanner, C. Kuo, E. Mlawer, Impact of Multiple Scattering on Longwave Radiative Transfer Involving Clouds, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 9, doi.org/10.1002/2017MS001117, 2017.
    18. Bellisario, C., H. E. Brindley, J. E. Murray, A. Last, J. Pickering, C. Harlow, S. Fox, C. Fox, M. Smith, D. Anderson, X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, Retrievals of the Far Infrared emissivity of snow over the Greenland Plateau using the Tropospheric Airborne Fourier Transform Spectrometer (TAFTS), JGR-Atmosphere, 122, doi.org/10.1002/2017JD027328, 2017.
    19. Pan, F., X. L. Huang, S. S. Leroy, P. Lin, L. L. Strow, Y. Ming, V. Ramaswamy, The stratospheric changes inferred from 10 years of AIRS and AMSU-A radiances, J. Climate, 30, 6005-6016, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0037.1, 2017.
    20. Liu, X., W. Wu, B. A. Wielicki, Q.G. Yang, S. H. Kizer, X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, S. Kato, Y. L. Shea, M. G. Mlynczak, Spectrally Dependent CLARREO Infrared Spectrometer Calibration Requirement for Climate Change Detection, J. Climate, 30, 3979-3998, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-1600704.1, 2017.
    21. Chen, X. H., X. L. Huang, C. Y. Jiao, M. G. Flanner, T. Raeker, B. Palen, Running climate model on a commercial cloud computing environment: A case study using Community Earth System Model (CESM) on Amazon AWS, Computers & Geosciences, 98, 21-25, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2016.09.14, 2017.
    22. Chen, X. H., X. L. Huang, Deriving clear-sky longwave spectral flux from space-borne hyperspectral radiance measurements: a case study with AIRS observations, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9, 6013-6023, doi:10.5194/amt-9-6013-2016, 2016.
    23. Kahn, B. H, X. L. Huang, G. L. Stephens, W. D. Collins, D. R. Feldman, H. Sui, S. Wong, and Q. Yue, ENSO regulations of far- and mid-infrared contributions to clear-sky OLR, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 8751-8759, doi:10.1002/2016GL070263, 2016.
    24. Huang, X. L., X.H. Chen, D. K. Zhou, X. Liu, An observationally based global band-by-band surface emissivity dataset for climate and weather simulations, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73, 3541-3555, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0355.1, 2016.
    25. Bantges, R., H. Brindley, X. H. Chen, X. L. Huang, J. Harries, J. Murray, On the detection of robust multi-decadal changes in the Earth's Outgoing Longwave Radiation spectrum, J. Climate, 29, 4939-4947, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0713.1, 2016.
    26. Cheng, H. Z., X.H. Chen, X. L. Huang, Quantification of the Errors Associated with the Representation of Surface Emissivity in the RRTMG_LW, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 180, 167-176, doi:10.1016/j.qsrt.2016.05.004, 2016.
    27. Chung, E.-S., B. J. Soden, X. L. Huang, L. Shi, V. John, An assessment of the consistency between satellite measurements of upper tropospheric water vapor, JGR-Atmospheres, 121, 2874-2887, doi:10.1002/2015JD024496, 2016.
    28. Yue, Q., B. H. Kahn, E. J. Fetzer, M. Schreier, S. Wong, X. H. Chen, X. L. Huang, Observation-based Longwave Cloud Radiative Kernels Derived from the A-Train, J. Climate, 29, 2023-2040, 2016.
    29. Pan, F., X. L. Huang, H. Guo, L. L. Strow, Linear trends and closures of 10-year observations of AIRS stratospheric channels, J. Climate, 28, 8939-8950, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0418.1, 2015.
    30. Huang, X. L., X. H. Chen, B. J. Soden, X. Liu, The spectral dimension of longwave feedbacks in the CMIP3 and CMIP5 experiments, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL061938, 2014.
    31. Feldman, D. R., W. D. Collins, R. Pincus, X. L. Huang, X. H. Chen, Far-infrared surface emissivity and climate, Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, doi:10.1073/pnas.1413640111, 2014.
    32. Chen, X. H., X. L. Huang, M. G. Flanner, Sensitivity of modeled far-IR radiation budgets in polar continents to treatments of snow surface and ice cloud radiative properties, Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2014GL061216, 41(18), 6530-6537, 2014.
    33. Huang, X. L., X.H. Chen, G. L. Potter, L. Oreopoulos, J. N.S. Cole, D.M. Lee, N. G. Loeb, A global climatology of outgoing longwave spectral cloud radiative effect and associated effective cloud properties, J. Climate, 27, 7475-7492, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00663.1, 2014.
    34. Wang, C.P., Z. Luo, X.H. Chen, X.P. Zeng, W.-K. Tao, and X.L. Huang, A physically based algorithm for non-blackbody correction of cloud top temperature and application to convection study, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 1844-1857. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0331.1, 2014.
    35. Chen, X.H. and X.L. Huang, Usage of differential absorption method in the thermal IR: a case study of quick estimate of clear-sky column water vapor, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 104, 99-106, 2014.
    36. Wang, C.P. and X.L. Huang, Parallax Correction in the Analysis of Multiple Satellite Data Sets, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 11(5), 965-969, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2013.2283573, 2014.
    37. Wielicki, B.A. and Co-authors of the entire CLARREO science team, Achieving Climate Change Absolute Accuracy in Orbit, Bulletin of American Meteorological Society, 94, 1519-1539. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00149.1, 2013.
    38. Chen, X.H., X.L. Huang, X. Liu, Non-negligible effects of cloud vertical overlapping assumptions on longwave spectral fingerprinting studies, JGR-Atmospheres, 118, 7309-7320, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50562, 2013. [AGU research spotlight on this article].
    39. Renno, N.O. and Co-authors of the entire CHASER science team, CHASER: Clouds, Hazards, and Aerosols Survey for Earth Researchers, Bulletin of American Meteorological Society, 94(5), 685-694, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00239.1, 2013.
    40. Huang, X.L., H.W. Chuang, A. Dessler, X.H. Chen, K. Minschwaner, Y. Ming, V. Ramaswamy, Radiative-convective equilibrium perspective of the weakening of tropical Walker circulation in response to global warming, J. Climate, 26(5), 1643-1653, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00288.1, 2013.
    41. Huang, X.L., J. N.S. Cole, F. He, G.L. Potter, L. Oreopoulos, D.M. Lee, M. Suarez, N.G. Loeb, Longwave band-by-band cloud radiative effect and its application in GCM evaluation, J. Climate, 26(2), 450-467, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00112.1, 2013.
    42. Chen, X.H., X.L. Huang, N. G. Loeb, H. L. Wei, Comparisons of clear-sky outgoing far-IR flux inferred from satellite observations and computed from three most recent reanalysis products, J. Climate, 26(2), 478-494, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00212.1, 2013.
    43. Zhou, C., J. E. Penner, Y. Ming, and X.L. Huang, Aerosol forcing based on CAM5 and AM3 meteorological fields, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , 12, 9629-9652, doi:10.5194/acp-12-9629-2012, 2012.
    44. Huang, X.L., N. G. Loeb, H.W. Chuang, Assessing stability of CERES-FM3 daytime longwave unfiltered radiance with AIRS radiances, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29(3), 375-381, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00066.1, 2012.
    45. Loeb, N. G., S. Kato, W. Su, T. Wong, F. G. Rose, D. R. Doelling, J. Norris, and X.L. Huang, Advances in Understanding Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation Variability from Satellite Observations, Surveys in Geophysics, doi:10.1007/s10712-012-9175-1, 2012.
    46. Huang, X.L. and Y. L. Yung, Reply to Comments on "A common misunderstanding about the Voigt line profile", Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69(1), 414-415, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-11-0186.1, 2012
    47. Wang, C.P., Z. Luo, X.L. Huang, Parallax Correction in Collocating CloudSat and MODIS Observations: Method and Application to Convection Study, JGR-Atmospheres, 116, D17201, doi:10.1029/2011JD016097, 2011.
    48. Kahn, B.H., J. Teixeira, E. J. Fetzer, A. Gettelman, S. M. Hristova-Veleva, X.L. Huang, A. K. Kochanski, M. Kohler, S. K. Krueger, R. Wood, and M. Zhao, Temperature and water vapor variance scaling in global models: Comparisons to satellite and aircraft data, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68(9), 2156-2168, 2011.
    49. Su, H., J. Jiang , J. Teixeira , A. Gentlleman, X.L. Huang, G. Stephens, D. Vane, V. Perun, Comparison of Regime-Sorted Tropical Cloud Profiles Observed by CloudSat with GEOS5 Analyses and Two General Circulation Model Simulations, JGR-Atmospheres, 116, D09104, doi:10.1029/2010JD014971, 2011.
    50. Chuang, H.W., X.L. Huang , and K. Minschwaner, Interannual variations of tropical upper tropospheric humidity and tropical rainy-region SST: comparisons between models, reanalyses, and observations, JGR-Atmospheres, 115, D21125, doi:10.1029/2010JD014205, 2010.
    51. Huang, X.L., N.G. Loeb, and W.Z. Yang, Spectrally resolved fluxes derived from collocated AIRS and CERES measurements and their application in model evaluation: 2. cloudy sky and band-by-band cloud radiative forcing over the tropical oceans, JGR-Atmospheres, 115, D21101, doi:10.1029/2010JD013932, 2010.
    52. Keihm, S., S. Brown, S. Desai, W. Lu, C. Ruf, X. Huang, J. Teixeira, E. Fetzer, and Y. Yung, Ocean Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water Trends from 1992-2005 TMR Data, JGR-Atmospheres, 114, D18101, doi:10.1029/2009JD012145, 2009.
    53. Huang, X.L., and H. Su, Cloud radiative effect on tropical troposphere to strato sphere transport represented in a large-scale model, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L21806, doi:10.1029/2008GL035673, 2008. [Editor's Highlight on Geophysical Research Letter]
    54. LinHo, X.L. Huang, N.-C. Lau, Winter-to-Spring Transition in East Asia: A Planetary-Scale Perspective of the South China Spring Rain Onset, J. Climate, 21(13), 3081-3096, DOI:10.1175/2007JCLI1611.1, 2008.
    55. Huang, X.L.,W.Z. Yang, N.G. Loeb, and V. Ramaswamy, Spectrally resolved fluxes derived from collocated AIRS and CERES measurements and their application in model evaluation: 1. clear sky over the tropical oceans, JGR-Atmospheres, 113, D09110, doi:10.1029/2007JD009219, 2008.
    56. Huang, Y., V. Ramaswamy, X.L. Huang, Q. Fu, and C. Bardeen, A strict test in climate modeling with spectrally resolved radiances: GCM simulation versus AIRS observations, Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L24707, doi:10.1029/2007GL031409, 2007.
    57. Huang, X.L., V. Ramaswamy, and M.Daniel Schwarzkopf, Quantification of the source of errors in AM2 simulated tropical clear-sky outgoing longwave radiation, JGR-Atmospheres, 111, D14107, doi:10.1029/2005JD006576, 2006.
    58. Li, L., A.P. Ingersoll, X.L. Huang, Interaction of Moist Convection with Zonal Jets on Jupiter and Saturn, Icarus,180(1), 113-123, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2005.08.016, 2006.
    59. Natraj, V., X. Jiang, R.-L. Shia, X.L.Huang, J.S. Margolis, and Y.L. Yung, The Application of Principal Component Analysis in Fast, Highly Accurate and High Spectral Resolution Radiative Transfer Modeling: A Case Study of the O2 A-band, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 95(4), 539-556, 2005.
    60. Soden, B.J., D.L. Jackson, V. Ramaswamy, M.D. Schwarzkopf and X.L. Huang, The radiative signature of upper tropospheric moistening, Science,310(5749), 841-844, 10.1126/science.1115602, 2005.
    61. Huang, X.L., B.J. Soden, and D.L.Jackson, Interannual co-variability of tropical temperature and humidity: a comparison of model,reanalysis data and satellite observation, Geophysical Research Letters,32, L17808, doi:10.1029/2005GL023375, 2005.
    62. Huang, X.L., and Y. L. Yung, Spatial and spectral variability of the outgoing thermal IR spectra from AIRS: A case study of July 2003, JGR-Atmospheres, 110 (6),D12102, doi:10.1029/2004JD005530, 2005.
    63. Huang, X.L., and Y. L. Yung, A common misunderstanding about the Voigt line profile, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 61(13), pp. 1630-1632, July 2004.
    64. Huang, X.L., J.J. Liu, and Y.L.Yung, Analysis of thermal emission spectrometer data using spectral EOF and tri-spectral methods, Icarus, 165(2), pp.301-314, October 2003.
    65. Huang, X.L., Y.L.Yung, J.S. Margolis, Use of High-Resolution Measurements for the Retrieval of Temperature and Gas-Concentration Profiles from Outgoing Infrared Spectra in the Presence of Cirrus Clouds, Applied Optics, 42(12), pp. 2155-2165, April 2003.
    66. Huang, X.L.,J. Farrara, S. S. Leroy, Y. L. Yung, and R. M. Goody, Cloud Variability as Revealed in Outgoing Infrared Spectra: Comparing Model to Observation with Spectral EOF Analysis, Geophysical Research Letters, 29(8),doi:10.1029/2001GL014176, 2002.
    Book chapters and other peer-reviewed publications:
    • Goody, R.M., Huang, X., 2015. Absorption and Thermal Emission. In: Gerald R. North(editor-in-chief), John Pyle and Fuqing Zhang (editors). Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 5, pp. 5-12.