Curriculum Vitae

WILLIAM JOSEPH SANDERS

 

PERSONAL INFORMATION

Address: Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

Telephone: (734) 647-2098

FAX: (734) 936-1380

E-mail: wsanders@umich.edu

 

CURRENT POSITIONS

Assistant Research Scientist, Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, 1997-present.

Supervising Preparator, Vertebrate Preparation Laboratories, Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, 1988-present.

Honorary Research Associate, Palaeoanthropology Unit for Research and Exploration, University of the Witwatersrand (South Africa), 2001-present.

 

EDUCATION

Ph.D. Department of Anthropology, New York University. Dissertation Title: "Function, Allometry, and Evolution of the Australopithecine Lower Precaudal Spine." 1995.

M.Phil. Department of Anthropology, New York University. 1990.

B.A. Department of Anthropology, The University of Chicago. 1979.

 

RESEARCH INTERESTS

 

TEACHING EXPERIENCE

The University of Michigan

Guest Lecturer, Geology 106, "Fossils, Primates, and Human Evolution," Fall, 2001, Spring 1999, Summer 1995.

Guest Lecturer, Anthropology 161, "Fossil Record and Evolution of Primates," Spring 2002, Spring 2001, Spring 2000.

Guest Lecturer, Geology 125, "Evolution and Extinction," Fall 2000.

Guest Lecturer, Geology 438, "Fossil Record and Evolution of Primates," Spring 2000, Spring 1996.

Guest Lecturer, Geology 135, "Earth History," Spring 1999.

Guest Lecturer, Geology 481, "Evolution of Mammals," Spring 1995.

Hunter College, City University of New York

Adjunct Lecturer, Anthropology 101, "Human Evolution," and Anthropology 102, "Human Variation," Spring 1985-Spring 1987.

New York University

Instructor, Anthropology A14.0002, "Human Evolution and Prehistory," Fall 1985-Spring 1987.

Teaching Assistant, Anthropology A14.0002, "Human Evolution and Prehistory," Fall 1982, Fall, 1984.

Queens College, City University of New York

Adjunct Lecturer, Anthropology 102, "Introduction to Human Evolution," Fall 1986-Spring 1987.

College of Staten Island, City University of New York

Adjunct Lecturer, Anthropology 390, "Introduction to Human Evolution," Summer 1986.

Greenwich Village Neighborhood School, New York City

Science Teacher, Fall 1981-Spring 1983, Fall 1984-Spring 1985.

 

OTHER ACADEMIC POSITIONS

Research Associate in Paleontology, Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, 1991-1997.

Research Assistant in Paleontology, Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, 1988-1991.

Contract Preparator, Department of Vertebrate Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History, 1985-1987.

Coordinating Editor and Founder, New York University Journal of Anthropology, 1985-1987.

Research Assistant, Department of Anthropology, New York University, 1982-1983.

 

GRANTS AND AWARDS

2001 Scott Turner Award in Earth Science, Department of Geological Sciences, The University of Michigan. Support for participation in the symposium "Recent Advances in Studies on Elephants and Other Proboscideans," 8th International Theriological Congress, Sun City, South Africa.

2001 Travel Grant. Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan. Support for participation in the symposium "Recent Advances in Studies on Elephants and Other Proboscideans," 8th International Theriological Congress, Sun City, South Africa.

2000 Scott Turner Award in Earth Science, Department of Geological Sciences, The University of Michigan. Support of museum study of a new late Oligocene proboscidean assemblage from Chilga, Ethiopia.

1999 University of Michigan College of Literature, Science, and the Arts Staff Award for Excellence (for outstanding contributions to the College and University).

1997 Scott Turner Award in Earth Science, Department of Geological Sciences, The University of Michigan. Support of comparative systematic analysis of Mio-Pliocene proboscideans from East Africa.

1995 Dean's Outstanding Dissertation Award (Science), Graduate School of Arts and Science, New York University.

1994 Travel Grant. Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan. Support of research on the evolution of early elephantids and anancine gomphotheres (Dar es Salaam).

1993 Travel Grant. Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan. Support of research on the evolution of early elephantids and anancine gomphotheres (London and Paris).

1989 Dean's Dissertation Fellowship. New York University. Support of dissertation research.

1989 L.S.B. Leakey Foundation Predoctoral Grant. Support of dissertation research.

1989 Wenner-Gren Foundation Predoctoral Grant. Support of dissertation research.

1987 Helbein Scholarship. New York University. Recognition of contributions to community, university, and profession.

1985 Short-term Visitor's Grant. Smithsonian Institution. To support the study of occlusal variation in Proboscidea

 

PAPERS IN PREPARATION

A new, late Oligocene proboscidean fauna from Chilga, Ethiopia. Sanders, W.J., and Kappelman, J. For Acta Palaeontologica Polonica.

Functional morphology of the australopithecine sacrum. Sanders, W.J., and Rose, P. For Journal of Human Evolution.

Functional implications of vertebral morphology in Australopithecus africanus individual Stw-431. Sanders, W.J., and Jurmain, R. For Journal of Human Evolution.

A transitional mammalian fauna from the Oligocene of sub-Saharan Africa. Kappelman, J., Rasmussen, D.T., Sanders, W.J., Copeland, P., and Feseha, M. For Nature.

Positional behavior and phylogenetic affinities of Proconsul. Harrison, T., and Sanders, W.J. For Journal of Human Evolution.

Systematic revision of Primelephas gomphotheroides (Mammalia: Elephantidae). Sanders, W.J., Mundinger, G.S., and Bloch, J. For Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.

 

PAPERS SUBMITTED

Taphonomic aspects of crowned hawk-eagle predation on monkeys. Sanders, W.J., and Mitani, J.C. Journal of Human Evolution.

 

PAPERS IN PRESS

Proboscideans from the Sinap Formation, Central Turkey. In J. Kappelman, M. Fortelius, S. Sen, and R. Bernor (eds.): Geology and Paleontology of the Miocene Sinap Formation, Central Turkey. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

PUBLISHED PAPERS

2002 New proboscideans from the early Miocene of Wadi Moghara, Egypt. Sanders, W.J., and Miller, E.R. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22: 388-404.

2001 Predatory behavior of crowned hawk-eagles (Stephanoaetus coronatus) in the Kibale National Park, Uganda. Mitani, J.C., Sanders, W.J., Lwanga, J.S., and Windfelder, T.L. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 49: 187-195.

1999 Oldest record of Stegodon (Mammalia: Proboscidea). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19: 793-797.

1998 Comparative study of the australopithecine vertebral series Stw-H8/H41. Journal of Human Evolution 34: 249-302.

1997 Basilosaurus punjabicus and Basiloterus eamesi, new Archaeoceti (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the middle-to-late Eocene Drazinda Formation, with a revised interpretation of ages of whale-bearing strata in the Kirthar Group of the Sulaiman Range, Punjab (Pakistan). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, 30: 55-81. With P.D. Gingerich, M. Arif, M.A. Bhatti, and M. Anwar.

Fossil Proboscidea from the Wembere-Manonga Formation, Manonga Valley, Tanzania. In T. Harrison (ed): Neogene Paleontology of the Manonga Valley, Tanzania, pp. 265-310. New York: Plenum Press.

1994 Morphometric analysis of lumbar vertebra UMP 67-28: Implications for spinal function and phylogeny of the Miocene Moroto hominoid. With B. Bodenbender. Journal of Human Evolution, 26: 203-237.

1992 Functional and behavioral implications of vertebral structure in Pachyaena ossifraga. With X. Zhou, and P.D. Gingerich. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, 28: 289-324.

A new evaluation of the significance of the Late Neogene Lusso Beds, Upper Semliki Valley, Zaire. With N.T. Boaz, R.L. Bernor, A.S. Brooks, H.B.S. Cooke, J. deHeinzelin, R. Dechamps, E. Delson, A.W. Gentry, J.W.K. Harris, P. Meylan, P.P. Pavlakis, K.M. Stewart, J. Verniers, P.G. Williamson, and A.J. Winkler. Journal of Human Evolution, 22: 505-517.

1990 Fossil Proboscidea from the Pliocene Lusso Beds of the Western Rift, Zaire. In N.T. Boaz (ed): Evolution of Environments and Hominidae in the African Western Rift Valley, pp. 171-187. Martinsville: Virginia Museum of Natural History.

Fossil Equidae from Plio-Pleistocene strata of the Upper Semliki, Zaire. With R.L. Bernor. In N.T. Boaz (ed): Evolution of Environments and Hominidae in the African Western Rift Valley, pp. 189-196. Martinsville: Virginia Museum of Natural History.

1987 A review of the initial interpretation of KNM-WT 17000. New York University Journal of Anthropology, 2: 24-33.

 

PUBLISHED ABSTRACTS

2002 Implications of lumbosacral vertebral morphology in catarrhine primates for australopithecine spinal function and positional behavior. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 34 (2): A13-A14.

2001 Recent advances in studies on elephants and other proboscideans. With J. Shoshani and P. Tassy. Scientific Programme and Abstracts, 8th International Theriological Congress 2001: 129.

A new late Oligocene proboscidean fauna from Chilga, Ethiopia. With J. Kappelman. Scientific Programme and Abstracts, 8th International Theriological Congress 2001: 120.

Taxonomic and systematic re-assessment of the Mio-Pliocene elephant Primelephas gomphotheroides. With G.S. Mundinger. Scientific Programme and Abstracts (Additional Abstracts), 8th International Theriological Congress 2001: 2.

New fossil proboscideans from Wadi Moghara, Egypt. With E.R. Miller. Scientific Programme and Abstracts, 8th International Theriological Congress 2001: 97.

2000 Taphonomic aspects of eagle predation of primates from Kibale Forest, Uganda. With J.C. Mitani. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 30: 267-268.

New sub-Saharan Oligocene fossil localities from northwestern Ethiopia. With M. Feseha, J. Kappelman, D.T. Rasmussen, J. Fleagle, P. Copeland, and T. Ryan. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 30: 147-148.

1999 Scaling of lumbar vertebrae in anthropoid primates: Its implications for the positional behavior and phylogenetic affinities of Proconsul. With T. Harrison. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 28: 146.

1998 New proboscidean fossils from the Sinap Formation, Central Turkey. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 18: 75A.

1997 Development of a new exhibit on the origin of whales: Technical methods and scientific considerations. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 17: 73A.

1996 Fossil proboscideans of the Manonga Valley, Tanzania. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 16: 62-63A.

Implications of structure and scaling of catarrhine lumbosacral vertebrae for australopithecine positional behavior. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 22: 206-207.

1994 Comparative architecture and function of erector spinae muscles and iliolumbar ligaments in catarrhines. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 18: 176.

1992 Functional and behavioral implications of vertebral structure in Pachyaena ossifraga. With X. Zhou, and P.D. Gingerich. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 12: 62A.

Morphological affinities of the Moroto lumbar vertebra, U.M.P. 67.28: Implications for the spinal function and phylogeny of Afropithecus. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 14: 145.

1991 Comparative study of hominoid lumbar neural canal dimensions. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Supplement 12: 157.

1990 Weight transmission through the lumbar vertebrae and sacrum in australopithecines. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 81: 289.

1988 Identification of a putative fossil gorilla from Kazinga, Uganda. With L.B. Martin, and A. Boyde. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 75: 246.

1983 Presence in gorillas of a lateral tubercle on the trapezium and its implication for wrist stability. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 60: 248.

 

FIELDWORK

Mammalian paleontologist, Eyasi Plateau-Laetoli Paleontological Expedition, Tanzania, directed by Terry Harrison, 1998.

Member, Geological Survey of Pakistan-University of Michigan Paleontological Expedition, Punjab Province, Pakistan, directed by Philip D. Gingerich, 1996.

Mammalian paleontologist, Sinap Formation Survey Project, Ankara Region, Turkey, directed by John Kappelman, Mikael Fortelius, and Berna Alpagut, 1995.

Mammalian paleontologist, Wembere-Manonga Paleontological Expedition, Manonga Valley, Tanzania, directed by Terry Harrison, 1992, 1994.

Member, Zeuglodon Valley Expedition, Western Sahara, Egypt, directed by Philip D. Gingerich, 1989, 1991, 1993.

Member, Michigan Geology Research, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, directed by Philip D. Gingerich, 1988, 1989, 1990.

Member, Duke University Fayum Expedition, Fayum, Egypt, directed by Elwyn L. Simons, 1989.

Member, Michigan Geology Research, Bridger Basin, Wyoming, directed by Gregg F. Gunnell, 1989.

Mammalian paleontologist and excavation supervisor, Semliki Research Expedition, Western Rift Valley, Zaire, directed by Noel T. Boaz, Alison Brooks, and J.W.K. Harris, 1983-1984, 1985.

Member, Sullivan Street Archeological Reclamation Project, New York City, directed by Bert Salwen, 1984.

Member, Western Rift Preliminary Survey, Sinda-Mohari Region, Zaire, directed by Noel T. Boaz, 1982.

 

RESEARCH

Transvaal Museum, Pretoria (South Africa), 2001. Plio-Pleistocene fossil hominids.

Sterkfontein Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa), 1983, 2001. Plio-Pleistocene fossil hominids.

National Museums of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), 2000. Oligocene mammalian fossils from Chilga, Ethiopia

Department of Vertebrate Paleontology and Department of Mammalogy, American Museum of Natural History, New York City, 1997. Extant anthropoid postcrania and fossil notharctine primate vertebrae.

The Natural History Museum, London (United Kingdom), 1985, 1993, 1997. Miocene-Pliocene African and South Asian proboscidean fossils.

Kenya National Museum, Nairobi (Kenya), 1997. Miocene-Pliocene proboscidean fossils from Lothagam, Tugen Hills, Ft. Ternan, Mwiti, and Maboko.

Geological Survey of Pakistan, Islamabad (Pakistan), 1996. Miocene-Pliocene proboscidean fossils from the Chitarwata Formation and Siwalik Series.

Ankara University, Ankara (Turkey),1995. Miocene proboscidean fossils from Pasalar.

National Museums of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), 1992, 1994. Miocene-Pliocene proboscidean fossils from the Manonga Valley, Tanzania.

Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France), 1993. Plio-Pleistocene African proboscidean fossils.

Museum of Paleontology, The University of Michigan, 1992. Eocene mesonychid (Mammalia, Condylarthra) fossils.

Mammalogy Department, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., 1986, 1990. Catarrhine primate vertebral morphology.

Department of Mammalogy, American Museum of Natural History, New York City, 1986, 1987, 1990. Catarrhine primate vertebral morphology.

Department of Mammalogy, Field Museum, Chicago, 1990. Anthropoid primate vertebral morphology.

Anthropology Section, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Cleveland, 1989. Catarrhine primate vertebral morphology.

Mammalogy Department, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., 1985. Occlusal variation in extant elephant dentition.

Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York, 1982-1983. Opal phytolith content in ocean cores (for Dr. L. Burckle).

 

INVITED TALKS AND PRESENTATIONS

Symposium: "Recent Advances in Studies on Elephants and Other Proboscideans," 8th International Theriological Congress, Sun City, South Africa, August 2001. Co-convener (with J. Shoshani and P. Tassy).

"Functional and Behavioral Implications of Australopithecine Vertebral Morphology." Department of Anthropology, Yale University, April 2001.

"The Fact, Theories, and Paths of Human Evolution." Wallace Faculty Seminar on "Evolution, a Theory in Crisis?," Macalester College, St. Paul, Minnesota, March 2001.

"Anatomy, Behavior, and Ecology of Australopithecus." Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado at Boulder, March, 1998.

"Contrasting Adaptations of Australopithecines and Homo Erectus." Friends of the Museum of Paleontology (at The University of Michigan), February, 1998.

"New Thoughts About Old Hominids: The Life and Times of Australopithecus." Breakfast Lecture Series, Exhibit Museum, The University of Michigan, January, 1998.

"How to Make a Fossil Whale Exhibit." Slauson Middle School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, November, 1997.

"Fossil Journeys from Field to Exhibit: Giving New Life to Old Bones." Exhibit Museum of Natural History, The University of Michigan, October, 1997.

"Evolutionary Transition(s) From Land to Sea in Early Archaeocete Whales." Friends of the Museum of Paleontology (at The University of Michigan), September, 1996.

"Spinal Structure and Function in Early Hominids." Systematics and Evolutionary Biology Symposium Series, Museum of Zoology, The University of Michigan, April, 1996.

"Fossil Proboscideans of the Manonga Valley, Tanzania." Department of Geology, University of Texas at Austin, March, 1996.

"Implications of Lower Spinal Morphology for Australopithecine Positional Behavior." Department of Anthropology, University of Texas at Austin, March, 1996.

"From Field Dust to Bright Scenarios: Making Inferences About the Lifeways of Extinct Organisms from Fossils." Annual Conference, Michigan Earth Science Teachers Association (at Washtenaw Community College), September, 1994.

"Reconstructing the Paleobiology of Fossil Mammals." Friends of the Museum of Paleontology (at The University of Michigan), September, 1994.

"Fossils: From the Ground to the Display Case." Michigan Archaeological Society, Huron Valley Chapter (at The University of Michigan), October, 1994.

"Giants of the Deep: The Origins of Whales." With J. Klausmeyer. Rotunda Show, Exhibit Museum, The University of Michigan, December, 1989.

"New Archeological and Paleontological Finds in the Western Rift, Zaire (1982-1986)." Department of Anthropology, New York University, November, 1986.

"Paleoecological Reconstruction Based on Opal Phytoliths in Ocean Cores Near the West African Coast." Department of Anthropology, New York University, April, 1983.

"Paleontological Fieldwork in the Western Rift, Zaire." Department of Anthropology, Adelphi University, October, 1982.

 

PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS

 

LANGUAGES

 

STUDENT ADVISEES