Your final paper should do one of three things:
Your topic must be approved by me. The paper should use one or more of the analytical approaches considered in the course. Your paper should in some way feature your original analysis of some kind of data. This will usually be research to gather data to use in a statistical analysis, perhaps using the Election Forensics Toolkit. I encourage you to talk to me either in person or via email to discuss ideas for the paper. Making an early start is a good idea.
To get approval for a topic, you must submit a 1-3 page proposal for the paper. The proposal should summarize the argument you expect to make (e.g., what is the principal hypothesis) and give some indication of the data you expect to use to build evidence for your argument. It should also identify relevant literature--at least two academic research articles or books that are closely related to your topic. Postelection observation reports count for this purpose. As much as possible you should explain clearly how the data you plan to examine will be sufficient for your analysis. If I haven't approved your proposal, I won't accept your paper. The proposal is due in class on Wednesday, November 25 (I'll also accept it earlier).
The paper itself should run about 10 pages (double-spaced) and is due at my office (or by email) on Wednesday, December 16. Both the proposal and the paper should use normal scholarly apparatus for footnotes, citations, bibliography and any tables or figures.
If you email me your proposal or your paper, please send it to me in pdf format.