17: Rituals and Magic for the dead
Private portion of tomb
Daily life contents of tomb: tomb as home
Deir el Medina (Workers' village)
Deir el Medina (workers' village)
Initially for king, put in pyramids
Available to Elites
"Book of Two Ways"
"Book of the Dead" (modern title)
"(Book of) Coming forth by Day" (ancient title)
Development of funerary literature
|Restricted to king||wider availability|
|Pyramid texts||Coffin Texts||Book of the dead|
|beginning of notion of judgment of dead||fully developed idea of judgment of dead|
Royal tombs texts
(Book of Caverns, for example)
Ritual of Embalming
Bringing ritual items
dead man's colleagues
Mummy + mourner + priest
Bringing personal possessions
Ceremony at tomb
Ceremonies at tomb: offerings, mourning
Opening of the mouth at the tomb
Ritual equipment for opening of the mouth
other ceremonies (anointing with oils)
Some specific amulets:
-Isis knot (tit, tyet)
Eye of Horus (wedjat, udjat eye)
Amulets in place on mummy
Shabti/mummy, djed, torch, Anubis
Burial chamber (Book of the Dead, Chapter 151)
Images of gods
Anubis, Isis & Nephthys, etc.
aka "grain mummies"
aka "Osiris beds"
Exam 2, March 25: No late exams!
Part 1: 5 multiple choice questions
Part 2: 8 Identifications
Part 3: Short essay
2 questions, pick one, answer in 1 page