Urban Planning 539:
Methods of Economic Development Planning

College of Architecture + Urban Planning
University Of Michigan, Fall 2015
Mon + Wed 4:00 - 5:30 pm (2108 A&AB)
class listserv: up539f15@ctools.umich.edu

course overview
terms / concepts

online readings:

Prof. Scott Campbell
office:  2225C A&AB
(734) 763-2077
office hours sign-up (via google calendar)
modified: Friday, November 27, 2015
quick links
Sep 9 - 21
Sep 23 - Oct 5
Oct 7 - Nov 2
Nov 4 - 18
Nov 23 - Dec 7
Dec 9 - 14


The semester consists of six sections: each one is built around a theme (overview, places, sectors, people, programs, conclusions). Each section concludes with a session where students present their assignment results and discuss strategies and methods used to understand local and regional economies.

SYLLABUS (final weeks revised) • readings available via ctools (except where noted).

History, Concepts and Politics of Local & Regional Economic Development

Sep 9: Course Introduction

[introductions of instructor and students; format and themes of course; short lecture on flexible economic development planning; introduction of Assignment 1 and picking groups and case studies]


Sep 14: Key Concepts

Crane, R., and M. Manville (2008): People or Place? Revisiting the Who Versus the Where of Urban Development," Lincoln Land Lines, 20(2), 1-6.

Flammang, R. A. 1979. “Economic growth and economic development: Counterparts or competitors?” Economic Development and Cultural Change 28, 47-62

Rice, P. (2011): Economic Rationale for Spatial Policies or `Why Place Matters'," Discussion paper, Regeneration and Economic Development Analysis Expert Panel, Department for Communities and Local Government.

see also:

Glaeser, E. L. (1996): Why Economists Still Like Cities," City Journal, 6(2), 70-77.

Glaeser, E.L. (2005), Should the Government Rebuild New Orleans, Or Just Give Residents Checks? The Economist's Voice, Vol 2(4).


Sep 16: Key Concepts part 2

Fitzgerald, Joan and Nancey Green Leigh. 2002. “Introduction” and “Redefining the Field of Local Economic Development.” In Economic Revitalization: Cases and Strategies for City and Suburb. London: Sage Publications.

Mier, Robert. Metaphors of Economic Development, in Bingham, Richard D., and Robert Mier, eds. 1993. Theories of Local Economic Development. Newbury Park: Sage. (Chapter 14, pp. 284-304).

Wolman, Harold, and David Spitzley. "The Politics of Local Economic Development." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 2, May 1996, pp. 115-150.

Barca, F., P. McCann, and A. Rodriguez-Pose (2012): The Case for Regional Development Intervention: Place-based versus Place-neutral Approaches.," Journal of Regional Science, 52(1), 134-152.


Sep 21: In-Class Exercise: Critiquing Methods and Claims found in Economic Development Studies

Each student is to locate an example of a local or regional economic development study/report. (Examples: an economic impact study; a marketing study; a labor impact study; etc. Ask me if you need help finding something.) Before class, carefully read and probe the assumptions, methods, sources and conclusions of the study. For class: be ready to make a concise, 3-5 minute presentation that summarizes the key question and method of the study, and the strengths and weaknesses of the study. Optional: you may prepare 1-2 powerpoint (or pdf) slides to aid your presentation. Please upload to your ctools dropbox. Please label your file name: "up539f15, sep21, [yourlastname]".

Additional advice [added Sep 16, 2015). Here are a few questions to consider:

  • Where relevant, how do the authors use (and make assumptions about) such terms as multiplier, direct vs. indirect vs. induced benefits, etc.
  • What assumptions do the authors make about larger economic trends (e.g., growth in demand, interest rates, etc.)?
  • Do the authors clearly explain the sources of data used in the study? Is this data publicly available?
  • Do they assume new economic activity when the program/policy/event/etc. might simply shuffle existing activity around?
  • Do you see the authors as open to any outcome of their study, or is the study bent towards rationalizing/justifying a specific goal?
  • Is there evidence of double-counting benefits and/or omitting costs (such as opportunity costs)?
  • Does the report consider equity impacts? impacts on local residents vs. new arrivals? etc.
  • If you were to do a detailed, rigorous critique of the study (perhaps attempting to replicate the results), what skills, methods or data would you need? Does your preliminary examination of the study (for this class exercise) highlight areas of economic development methods you hope to master? [Since we are doing this brief exercise at the beginning of the semester, many of the terms and methods in the study understandably will be unfamiliar to you. Some of these we will cover throughout the semester, while others may be beyond the scope of this course.]
  • Note:  examples might include studies of public projects (e.g., infrastructure spending, a new bridge, government research facilities, job training program, etc.) or of public-subsidized private developments (e.g., of a stadium, casino, research park, film industry subsidies, tax increment financing, etc.).  Such studies might look at either the fiscal impact (costs and revenues for governments) and/or economic impact (jobs, wages, R&D investment, etc.).

Post-class: comments and reflection on the exercise (everyone can view; students in the class can edit)



Sep 23: Cases, Places and Inner City Poverty

Note: topics for Sept 23 and 30 switched.

Orum, Anthony and Joe Feagin. “A Tale of Two Cases” in Feagin et. al., eds. A Case for the Case Study (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1991) Ch.3.

Putnam, Robert D. "The Prosperous Community: Social Capital and Public Life." The American Prospect, Vol. 4, No. 13, March 21, 1993, pp. 35-42.

Porter, Michael. "New Strategies for Inner-City Economic Development." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 1, February 1997, pp. 11-27.

Harrison, Bennett and Amy K. Glasmeier "Response: Why Business Alone Won't Redevelop the Inner City: A Friendly Critique of Michael Porter's Approach to Urban Revitalization." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 1, February 1997, pp. 28-38.

Blair, John P., and Michael C. Carroll. 2007. Inner-city neighborhoods and metropolitan development. Economic Development Quarterly 21 (3):263-277.

see also:
Sen, Amartya Kumar. 1999. Development as freedom. 1st. ed. New York: Knopf. (Ch. 2).

Ong, Paul, and Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, eds. 2006. Jobs and Economic Development in Minority Communities. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press. [ebrary]


Sep 28: Case Studies of Local Economies

Galster, George. 2012. Metropolitan Portraits : Driving Detroit : The Quest for Respect in the Motor City. Philadelphia, PA, USA: University of Pennsylvania Press. [ebrary] [chapter 9]

Zimbalist, Andrew. 2010. Circling the Bases : Essays on the Challenges and Prospects of the Sports Industry. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press. [ebrary] [chapters 6 and 7]



Sep 30: Location, Distance, Density: Understanding Location & Relocation Decisions among Firms

Krugman, Paul. "Localization," in Geography and Trade. Cambridge, Mass. MIT Press, 1991, pp. 35-67.

Rae, Douglas W. 2003. City : Urbanism and Its End. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press. [ebrary] [preface and chapters 1-4]

for background on location theory, see also:

Porter, Michael. 2000. Location, Competition, and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy. Economic Development Quarterly Vol. 14 No. 1, February, 15-34.
Alonso, William. "Location Theory," in Regional Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1975, pp. 35-63.
The Four Classical Traditions in Location Theory"On Location" (Prof. Krumme's great site at the U. of Washington)
Individual Location Decisions (Ch 2), from Edgar M. Hoover and Frank Giarratani, An Introduction to Regional Economics (on-line edition)


Oct 5: Student Presentations

Assignment 1: Place Analysis


SECTORS: Approaching Economic Development through INDUSTRIES (as a unit of analysis and policy)

Oct 7: Introduction to Sectoral Analysis + Data Sources

Chinitz, Benjamin. "Contrasts in Agglomeration: New York and Pittsburgh," in Readings in Urban Economics, edited by Matthew Edel and Jerome Rothenberg. New York: Macmillan Company, 1972, pp. 90-104.

Markusen, Ann. 1994. Studying Regions by Studying Firms. The Professional Geographer 46 (4):477-490.

Sayer, Andrew and Kevin Morgan "A modern industry in a declining region: links between method, theory and policy" in The Politics of Method (London: Methuen, 1984) Ch 6

-> familiarize yourself with the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). see this US Census overview, a useful FAQ and a set of issue papers. see also the Economic Census, including "Understanding the 2002 Economic Census" and the "2007 Economic Census: User Guide"

here is an overview of US census data and geography (via my UP504 course page)

see also:
Blakely, Edward James, and Nancey Green Leigh. 2010. Planning local economic development: theory and practice. 4th ed. Los Angeles: Sage. [Chapter 6] [text to be added]

Alonso, William. "Location Theory," in Regional Policy. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1975, pp. 35-63.

Nelson, Arthur C. et. al. “Exurban Industrialization: Implications for Economic Development Policy” Economic Development Quarterly 9, 2 (May 1995)

Carlson, Virginia L. "Identifying Neighborhood Businesses: a Comparison of Business Listings." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 1, February 1995, pp. 50-59.

Edgar M. Hoover and Frank Giarratani, An Introduction to Regional Economics (on-line edition)

Cortright, Joseph and Andrew Reamer. 1999. Socioeconomic Data for Understanding Your Regional Economy: A User's Guide. see, e.g., Data sources; Statistics for analyzing your economy; and Seven pitfalls of data analysis. (Chapters 2, 3, 8). [link]


Oct 12: Economic Base, Multipliers, Location Quotients

Tiebout, Charles M. "Exports and Regional Economic Growth." Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 64, No. 2, April 1956, pp. 160-164.

North, Douglass C. "Location Theory and Regional Economic Growth." Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 63, No. 3, June 1955, pp. 243-258.

Davis, H. Craig “Economic Base Analysis” Regional Impact Analysis and Project Evaluation, Chapter 2

Isserman, Andrew M. 2000. Economic base studies for urban and regional planning. Pp. 174-193 In Rodwin and Sanyal, eds. The Profession of City Planning: Changes, Images, and Challenges, 1950-2000. New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Urban Policy Research.

Stevens, Benjamin and Lahr, Michael. 1988. “Regional Economic Multipliers: Definition, Measurement, and Application.” EDQ 2,1: 88-96.

see also:
Edward M. Bergman and Edward J. Feser, Industrial and Regional Clusters: Concepts and Comparative Applications: (section on Location Quotients)
William A. Schaffer, Regional Impact Models. see Chapter 2: Regional Models of Income Determination: Simple Economic-Base Theory (on multipliers and location quotients)

also: here is an Excel file with several useful techniques (including multipliers, LQ, etc.)


Oct 14: Shift-Share and the Analysis of Industrial Mix [links updated]

Edgar M. Hoover and Frank Giarratani, An Introduction to Regional Economics [a classic text, updated]. see Appendix 12-1 The Shift-Share Analysis of Components of Regional Activity Growth. (The Web Book of Regional Science, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University).

Günter Krumme's useful web site on shift-share analysis

Using Employment Data to Better Understand Your Local Economy: Tool 4. Shift-Share Analysis Helps Identify Local Growth Engines (College of Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension, Penn State)

see also:
Loveridge, Scott. "A Practical Approach to Shift-Share Analysis" Journal of Community Development Society (26, 1) 1995, pp. 111-124
Community Economic Toolbox (MIT) [see section on shift-share]
Scranton, Philip "Beyond Anecdotes and Aggregates: The Pattern of Industrial Decline in Philadelphia Textiles, 1916-1931" Antipode 18: 3 (1986)
Kingsley E. Haynes, Mustafa Dinc, Productivity change in manufacturing regions: a multifactor/shift-share approach. Growth and Change, Spring 1997 v28 n2 p201-221.
Banasick, Shawn and Hanham, Robert (2008), Regional Decline of Manufacturing Employment in Japan during an
Era of Prolonged Stagnation, Regional Studies,42:4,489-503.

data sources include:

not yet posted:

Barff, Richard and Prentice L. Knight III. "Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis" Growth and Change. April 1, 1988 [add link]
Hewings, Geoffrey J.D. Regional Input-Output Analysis (Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1985) pp. 1-66

[Oct 19 - No class - UM study break]

Oct 21: Everyone Talks about High Tech but what is it? Measuring High Technology, Innovation, Info-Tech, Research & Development (R&D)

[readings updated 17 Oct 2015]

Karen Chapple, Ann Markusen, Greg Schrock, Daisaku Yamamoto and Pingkang Yu, 2004, Gauging Metropolitan "High-Tech" and "I-Tech" Activity, Economic Development Quarterly 18 (1): 10-29.

Daniel E. Hecker, 2005. High-technology employment: a NAICS-based update. Monthly Labor Review (July): 57-72. [link]

National Science Foundation: National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators 2014 •  Definitions of Research and Development: An Annotated Compilation of Official Sources [note: review these various pages to get a sense of definitions and central topics]
see also: Technical Note: Defining High-Technology Industries

additional readings (for further interest):
Harm-Jan Steenhuis and Erik J. de Bruijn. 2006. High technology revisited: definition and position. IEEE International Conference on Management of Innovation and Technology. [link]

Saxenian, AnnaLee. The Limits of Autarky: Regional Networks and Industrial Adaptation in Silicon Valley and Route 128. (Prepared for HUD Roundtable on Regionalism sponsored by the Social Science Research Council, Dec 8-9, 1994.) html

Saxenian, AnnaLee. Creating a Twentieth Century Technical Community: Frederick Terman‘s Silicon Valley. Paper prepared for inaugural symposium on The Inventor and the Innovative Society, The Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution: November 10-11, 1995. html

Havlick, David and Scott Kirsch. A Production Utopia? RTP and the North Carolina Research Triangle Southeastern Geographer; Nov 2004; 44 (2): 263-277.

NSF. 2014. U.S. Knowledge-Intensive Services Industries Employ 18 Million and Pay High Wages. NSF 15-300 | October. [link]

National Science Foundation. Science and Engineering Indicators 2014 Digest • Research and Development (R&D) Definitions

Patrick Kilcoyne. 2001. High-Tech Occupations by Metropolitan Statistical Area. US Bureau of Labor Statistics. [link]


web resources:
Silicon Valley History and Internet History
Chronology of the Personal computer (from Fire in the Valley)
Jeff Goodell, "The Venture Capitalist in My Bedroom" New York Times
SiliconValley.com (San Jose Mercury News)
Joint Venture:  Silicon Valley Network
City of San Jose, Office of Economic Development
Business Week:  "It Must be something in the water: Many regions have tried to duplicate the Valley magic. None has succeeded"  (8/25/97)
Stanford Alumni Magazine: the rise of Hewlitt-Packard; Terman's push for more govt funding at Stanford;
Siliconia (a web page devoted to all the Silicon Valley spin-offs around the world)


Oct 26: Cluster Analysis: why does economic activity come together and what are the direct and indirect benefits?

Doeringer, Peter B., and David G. Terkla "Business Strategy and Cross-Industry Clusters." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1995, pp. 225-237.

Held, James R. "Clusters as an Economic Development Tool: Beyond the Pitfalls." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 3, August 1996, pp. 249-261.

Feser, Edward J. and Michael I. Luger "Cluster Analysis as a Mode of Inquiry: Its Use in Science and Technology Policymaking in North Carolina." European Planning Studies, Vol. 11, No. 1, January 2003, pp. 11-24.

see also:

Feser, Edward, Henry Renski and Harvey Goldstein. 2008. Clusters and Economic Development Outcomes: An Analysis of the Link Between Clustering and Industry Growth. Economic Development Quarterly 22 (4): 324-344.

Nolan, Christine, Ed Morrison, Indraneel Kumar, Hamilton Galloway and Sam Cordes. 2011. Linking Industry and Occupation Clusters in Regional Economic Development, Economic Development Quarterly 25(1) 26–35.

Morfessis, Ioanna. "A Cluster Analytic Approach to Identifying and Developing State Target Industries: The Case of Arizona". Economic Development Review. Spring 1994.

E. Bergman and E. Feser. Industrial and Regional Clusters, chapters 3-4


Oct 28: Input-Output Analysis: Understanding the interdependent linkages within the economy

Miller, Ronald E., and Peter D. Blair. 2009. Input-output analysis : foundations and extensions. 2nd ed. Cambridge [England] ; New York: Cambridge University Press. [link] (Introduction)

Raa, Thjs ten. 2009. Input-Output Economics : Theory and Applications : Featuring Asian Economies. Singapore, SGP: World Scientific Publishing Co. [ebrary] (read the Introduction and Ch. 1 -- and feel free to read other sections as interested)

see also:

"The Economics of Wassily Leontief: Input-Output Analysis" (excellent 6 minute video of Prof. David Harvey explaining I/O).
Polenske, Karen R. 2004. "Leontief's "magnificent machine" and other contributions to applied economics." In Wassily Leontief and Input-Output Economics, edited by Erik Dietzenbacher and Michael L. Lahr. West Nyack, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. [ebrary]
Ichimura, Shinichi, and Hui-Jiong Wang. 2003. Interregional Input-Output Analysis of the Chinese Economy. River Edge, NJ, USA: World Scientific. [ebrary] (esp. Ch 1)
Peterson, William. 1991. Advances in Input-Output Analysis : Technology, Planning, and Development. Cary, NC, USA: Oxford University Press.
David Mulkey and Alan W. Hodges, Using Implan to Assess Local Economic Impacts, University of Florida IFAS Extension, Publication #FE168. [link]
US Dept of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Regional Input-Output Modeling System (RIMS II)
Input-Output (Gunter Krumme, University of Washington)
Internet Resources for the Leontief Model (John H. Mathews, California State Univ. Fullerton)
Input-Output Analysis and Related Methods (Thayer Watkins, San Jose State University)

overview of IMPLAN



Nov 2: Student Presentations

Assignment 2: Industry Analysis


PEOPLE: Occupations, Labor Markets, Workforce Development, LABOR MIGRATION

Nov 4: Occupational Analysis & Workforce Development

Beauregard, Robert A. 1999. “The Employment Fulcrum: Evaluating Local Economic Performance.” Economic Development Quarterly. Vol. 13. No. 1. Pp. 8-14.

Markusen, Ann. “Targeting Occupations in Regional and Community Economic Development.” 2004. Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 70, No. 3: 253-268. [now on ctools]

Elisa Barbour and Ann Markusen. "Regional Occupational and Industrial Structure: Does the One Imply the Other?" 2007. International Regional Science Review, Vol. 30, No. 1:1-19. [now on ctools]

Angel, David P. "The Labor Market for Engineers in the U.S. Semiconductor Industry" Economic Geography, Vol. 65, No. 2, April 1989, pp. 99-112.

see also:
Koo, J. 2005. How to analyze the regional economy with occupation data. Economic Development Quarterly 19, no 4: 356-72. [added 10Nov2015, could be useful for Assignment 3]

Harper-Anderson, Elsie, “Measuring the Connection Between Workforce Development and Economic Development: Examining the Role of Sector-Based Strategies for Local Outcomes,” Economic Development Quarterly 22(2), 2008.

Persky, Joseph, Daniel Felsenstein, and Virginia Carlson. 2004. Does "Trickle Down" Work? : Economic Development Strategies and Job Chains in Local Labor Markets. Kalamazoo, MI, USA: W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. [ebrary]

Bosworth, Brian R., et. al. Using Regional Economic Analysis in Urban Jobs Strategies. Carrboro, NC: Regional Technology Strategies, February 1997. (Note: a LONG document; read selectively, e.g., the section on "Thinking Strategically About Your Regional Labor Market," pp. 34-42.)

Ranney, David C. and John J. Betancur. 1992. "Labor-Force-Based Development: A Community-Oriented Approach to Targeting Job Training and Industrial Development." Economic Development Quarterly 6,3: 286-96.

Mathur, V. K. 1999. “Human capital-based strategy for regional economic development.” Economic Development Quarterly 13: 203-216

Ann Markusen and Greg Schrock. 2008. Placing Labor Center-Stage in Industrial City Revitalization, in McGahey, Richard, and Vey, Jennifer S., eds. Retooling for Growth : Building a 21st Century Economy in America's Older Industrial Areas. Washington, DC, USA: Brookings Institution Press. [ebrary]

Schrock, G. (2014). Connecting people and place prosperity: Workforce development and urban planning in scholarship and practice. Journal of Planning Literature, 29(3), 257-271.


Nov 9: Demography, Labor Migration, Displacement

Tiebout, Charles M. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures." Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 64, No. 5, October 1956, pp. 416-424.

Frey, William H. Immigration and Internal Migration "Flight from US Metropolitan Areas: Toward a New Demographic Balkanization." Urban Studies, Vol. 32, No. 4-5, May 1995, pp. 733-757.

Florida, Richard. 2002. Bohemia and economic geography, Journal of Economic Geography 2 (Jan): 55-71.

Myers, Dowell and Lee Menifee . "Population Analysis," in The Practice of Local Government Planning, 3rd edition, edited by Charles J. Hoch, Linda C. Dalton and Frank S. So, International City/County Management Association, 2000, pp. 61-86.

Jasper, James M.. Restless Nation : Starting Over in America. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press, 2002. (Ch 3. New Places, Names, and Selves) [ebrary]

see also:
Gottlieb, P.D. 2011. Supply or demand, make or buy: Two simple frameworks for thinking about a state-level brain drain policy. Economic Development Quarterly 25, no 4: 303-15. [see also the other articles in this EDQ Special Issue on "Brain Drain"]

excerpts from Bill Bishop, The Big Sort [link]

Florida, Richard. Who's Your City? : How the Creative Economy Is Making Where You Live the Most Important Decision of Your Life. New York, NY, USA: Basic Books, 2008. [ebrary]

Brookings: Audrey Singer, Migration and the Metropolis (April 2013) [online]
Frey, William H.: Migration to the suburbs and Sun Belt picks up (April 2013) [online]
Frey, William H. A Rollercoaster Decade for Migration, Brookings. (2009) [online]

Moss, L. A. G., ed. Amenity Migrants : Seeking and Sustaining Mountains and Their Cultures. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, GBR: CABI Publishing, 2006. (Chapter 4. Geographic Perspective on Amenity Migration across the USA: National-, Regional- and Local-scale Analysis) [ebrary]

Nick Schulz . Mobility Matters: Understanding the New Geography of Jobs (An Interview with Enrico Moretti, author of The New Geography of Jobs) The American. July 25, 2012. [link]

Judith K. Hellerstein, Mark J. Kutzbach, and David Neumark, 2014. "Do Labor Market Networks Have an Important Spatial Dimension?" Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 79, pp. 39-58.

US Census:Geographical Mobility/Migration •  Migration Data and ReportsCensus Flows Mapper
United Van Lines 2014 National Movers Study
the American Moving & Storage Association
CS Monitor: "Patchwork Nation"


Nov 11: Labor Mobility: Up the Occupational/Career Ladders (and often out across space as well)

Iversen, Roberta Rehner, and Armstrong, Annie Laurie. Jobs Aren't Enough : Toward a New Economic Mobility for Low-Income Families. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press, 2006. (Ch 1 Are Jobs Enough for Economic Mobility? Ch 2 From the Old to the New Economic Mobility) [ebrary]

Giloth, Robert P., ed. Workforce Development Politics : Civic Capacity and Performance. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press, 2004. (Ch 1: The "Local" in Workforce Development Politics: An Introduction) [ebrary]

Nelson, M. and L. Wolf-Powers. 2010. Chains and ladders: Exploring the opportunities for workforce development and poverty reduction in the hospital sector. Economic Development Quarterly 24, no 1: 33-44.

see also:

Meléndez, Edwin. Communities and Workforce Development. Kalamazoo, MI, USA: W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2004. [ebrary]

Garmise, Shari. People and the Competitive Advantage of Place : Building a Workforce for the 21st Century. Armonk, NY, USA: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 2005. [ebrary]

Brueckner, J.K., J.-F. Thisse and Y. Zenou. 2002. Local labor markets, job matching, and urban location. International Economic Review 43, no 1: 155-71.

W.E. Upjohn Institute Local Labor Markets research publications

*Examples of Local Labor Market Analyses:
Los Angeles
Los Angeles County Economic Development Corporation. 2013. Industry and Labor Market Intelligence for Los Angeles County.

New York City
NYC Office of Workforce Development: NYC Labor Market Information Service
New York State, Department of Labor: Labor Statistics for the New York City Region
Community Service Society: Labor Market Policy
CUNY, Center for Urban Research: The NYC Labor Market Information Service

State of Michigan, Department of Technology, Management, and Budget: Demographic and Labor Market Profile: Detroit City (April 2015)
JPMORGAN CHASE: Driving Opportunity in Detroit


Nov 16: Student Presentations

Assignment 3: Occupational Analysis

Note: Presentations due today (Monday); final written version of the assignment due end of the day Friday (Nov. 20).

[reminder: "WORKFORCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN DETROIT" PANEL," - 6:30pm, Art + Architecture Building Auditorium, room 2104]


Nov 18: Guest speaker. Amy Cell, "Talent: The New Currency in Economic Development"

Amy Cell (Consultant at Amy Cell LLC) connects employers and entrepreneurs with talent. She previously was Senior Vice President, Talent Enhancement at the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC) and Vice President, Talent Enhancement and Entrepreneurial Education at Ann Arbor SPARK. She has a BBA and MBA from the University of Michigan - Ross School of Business.

readings: explore the current state of economic development efforts at MEDC,the relatively new Department of Talent and Economic Development (and its Workforce Development Agency), Pure Michigan Talent Connect, the Michigan Strategic Fund, and see if you can understand the relationship between these various state-level organizations.


Programs / Policies: Understanding and evaluating

Nov 23: Economic Development Evaluation I: Techniques

Reese, L.A. 2014. If all you have is a hammer: Finding economic development policies that matter. The American Review of Public Administration 44, no 6: 627-55.

Rubin, Herbert J. "Shoot Anything That Flies; Claim Anything That Falls: Conversations With Economic Development Practitioners." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1988, pp. 236-251.

Reese, Laura and David Fasenfest ("What Works Best...") and Daniel C. Knudsen ("Rejoinder...") "What Works Best?: Values and the Evaluation of Local Economic Development Policy" and "Rejoinder: Values, Valuation and Evaluation: Limits of Theory on Practice, ." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 3, August 1997, pp. 195-211.

Lyons, Thomas S., and Hamlin, Roger E.. Creating an Economic Development Action Plan : A Guide for Development Professionals Revised & Updated Edition. Westport, CT, USA: Greenwood Press, 2001. (Ch. 5: "Program Evaluation"). [ebrary].

see also:

Abravanel, M. D., Pindus, N. M., & Theodos, B. (2010). Evaluating community and economic development programs. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. [in ctools and also via this link]

Isserman, Andrew and Terance Rephann. "The Economic Effects of the Appalachian Regional Commission: An Empirical Assessment of 26 Years of Regional Development Planning." Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 61, No. 3, Summer 1995, pp. 345-364.
Davis, H. Craig Regional Economic Impact Analysis and Project Evaluation [preview via google book project]
BEA on Input-Output Analysis [link]

Felsenstein, Daniel, and Joseph Persky. "When Is a Cost Really a Benefit? Local Welfare Effects and Employment Creation in the Evaluation of Economic Development Programs." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 13, No. 1, February 1999, pp. 46-54.

Lyons, Thomas S., and Roger E. Hamlin. 2001. Creating an Economic Development Action Plan : A Guide for Development Professionals Revised & Updated Edition. Westport, CT, USA: Greenwood Press. [Section on "Program Evaluation"] [ebrary].

Wholey, Joseph S., Hatry, Harry P., and Newcomer, Kathryn E.. Essential Texts for Nonprofit and Public Leadership and Management : Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation (3rd Edition). Hoboken, NJ, USA: Jossey-Bass, 2010. [ebrary].


Nov 25: Thanksgiving Break -- no class



Nov 30: Economic Development Evaluation II: Case Studies of BMW and Film Subsidies

Case Study #1: BMW in Spartanburg
The Economic Impact of BMW on South Carolina (2002); BMW's Impact in South Carolina: Two Decades of Economic Development (Dec 2014) (U. of South Carolina Business School)
community impacts: BMW site

see also
• Jay Hancock,1999. "S.C. pays dearly for added jobs: South Carolina's economy was supposed to improve, but taxes exploded while services crumbled," Baltimore Sun, Originally published on Oct 12 1999. [link]
Tracking Subsidies, Promoting Accountability in Economic Development (Good Jobs First)
• Jason Spencer, "Spartanburg takes a look back at landing BMW," The State, July 13, 2014

Case Study #2: State Subsidies of the Film Industry
• Steven R. Miller and Abdul Abdulkadri, The Economic Impact of Michigan’s Motion Picture Production Industry and the Michigan Motion Picture Production Credit, Center for Economic Analysis, Michigan State University, February 6, 2009 [link]
• Robert Tannerwald, State Film Subsidies: Not Much Bang for Too Many Bucks, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, (Dec. 9, 2010) [link]
• David Zin, Film Incentives in Michigan, Issue paper, Senate Fiscal Agency, September 2010. [link]
• Michael D. LaFaive, Flawed MSU Film Subsidy Report Misleads Taxpayers,Viewpoint on Public Issues, July 6, 2009 (No. 2009-19), Mackinac Center for Public Policy. [link to web page; pdf version of report]
• Philips, Andrew, Robert Cline and William Fox. Evaluating the effectiveness of state film tax credit programs: Issues that need to be considered. Commissioned by Motion Picture Association of America. N.P.: Ernst & Young, 2012.
• Preston, P. (2013). "If you scale back now, you probably lose everything": State tax incentives and the motion picture industry. MEIEA Journal, 13(1), 181-205.

[optional] see also these other case studies:
Hall, Peter V. "We’d Have to Sink the Ships: Impact Studies and the 2002 West Coast Port Lockout." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 18, No. 4, November 2004, pp. 254-367.

Stone, Kenneth G. Impact of Walmart Stores on Iowa Communities: 1983- 1993, Economic Development Review, Vol. 13, #2 (Spring 1995), 60-69

Nelson, Arthur C. "Prosperity or Blight? A Question of Major League Stadia Locations." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 3, August 2001, pp. 255-265.

Delaney, Kevin J., and Eckstein, Rick. Public Dollars, Private Stadiums: The Battle Over Building Sports Stadiums. New Brunswick, NJ, USA: Rutgers University Press, 2004. [ebrary].



Dec 2: Innovation Districts and Start-up Incubators as Catalysts for New Economic Development?
Guest: Carla Kayanan

Katz, Bruce, and Bradley, Jennifer. Metropolitan Revolution : How Cities and Metros Are Fixing Our Broken Politics and Fragile Economy. Washington, DC, USA: Brookings Institution Press, 2013. (Ch. 6: "The Rise of Innovation Districts") [link]

Campbell, Robert. 2014. Innovation District needs a human touch. Boston Globe, Nov. 16. [link]

McMorrow, Paul. 2013. Priced out of the Innovation District. Boston Globe, Aug. 13. [link]

Innovation Districts: University Examples [innovationdistricts.blogspot.com]

Drucker, J. and A. Kass Innovation Districts: Economic Development Innovation or Shiny New Bottle? (presented at the 2015 Annual Conference of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning, Houston, Texas -- DRAFT, not for distribution beyond class.]

see also:
Stokan, E., L. Thompson and R.J. Mahu. 2015. Testing the differential effect of business incubators on firm growth. Economic Development Quarterly 29, no 4: 317-27.


Dec 7: Two Parts: 1/2 Theme (Funding Local Economic Development Programs) + 1/2 Work Session for Final Projects (instructions to be added)

readings to be updated:

Stephen Malpezzi, "Local Economic Development and Its Finance: An Introduction,"in White, Sammis B., Richard D. Bingham, and Edward W. Hill, eds. 2003. Financing Economic Development in the 21st Century. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Rachel Weber, "Tax Incremental Financing in Theory and Practice," in White, Sammis B., Richard D. Bingham, and Edward W. Hill, eds. 2003. Financing Economic Development in the 21st Century. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Steiner, Frederick and Kent Butler. "Economic and Real Estate Development," (Section on capital improvement, pp 401-2; TIFs, pp. 403-5; financing, pp. 406--14) in Planning and Urban Design Standards, Student Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007, pp. 401-2.

Mitchell, Jerry. "Business Improvement Districts and the 'New' Revitalization of Downtown." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 2, May 2001, pp. 115-123.

[readings to be added/updated]

see also:
Reese, L.A. 2014. If all you have is a hammer: Finding economic development policies that matter. The American Review of Public Administration 44, no 6: 627-55.
Clarke, Susan E., and Gary L. Gaile "The Next Wave: Postfederal Local Economic Development Strategies." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1992, pp. 187-198.
Reese, Laura A., and Raymond A. Rosenfeld "Yes, But . . . : Questioning the Conventional Wisdom About Economic Development." Economic Development Quarterly , Vol. 15, No. 4, November 2001, pp. 299-312.
Markusen, Ann, and Amy Glasmeier. 2008. Overhauling and Revitalizing Federal Economic Development Programs. Economic Development Quarterly 22 (2):83-91.
Hill, Edward W. 1998. Principles for rethinking the federal government's role in economic development. Economic Development Quarterly v11 (n4):p299(14).
3 responses and 1 rejoinder to the Markusen & Glasmeier (2008) piece (above):
Drabenstott, Mark. 2008. An Effective Overhaul of Federal Economic Development Policy: Response to Markusen and Glasmeier. Economic Development Quarterly 22 (2):92-98.
Finkle, Jeffrey A. 2008. A Cautious Look Into Reconfiguring Federal Economic Development Programs. Economic Development Quarterly 22 (2):112-114.
Singerman, Phillip. 2008. Repurposed Federal Economic Development Programs: A Practitioner's Perspective. Economic Development Quarterly 22 (2):99-106.
Markusen, Ann, and Amy Glasmeier. 2008. Rejoinder: History, Leadership, Place Prosperity, Rationales, Competitiveness, Outcomes: A Response to Drabenstott, Finkle, John, and Singerman. Economic Development Quarterly 22 (2):115-118.

Lyons, Thomas S., and Roger E. Hamlin. 2001. Creating an Economic Development Action Plan : A Guide for Development Professionals Revised & Updated Edition. Westport, CT, USA: Greenwood Press. [Section on "The Economic Development Program"] [ebrary].

Reed, Christine et. al. "Assessing Readiness for Economic Development Strategic Planning" APA Journal Autumn 1987.

see also:
Michigan Department of Treasury: Tax Increment Financing
Neighborhood Capital Budget Group on TIFs
Citizens Research Council of Michigan: 2007 Survey of Economic Development Programs in Michigan (see section on tax increment financing)

see also:

Storper, Michael. "The Limits to Globalization: Technology Districts and International Trade," in The Regional World: Territorial Development in a Global Economy. New York: Guilford Press, 1997, pp. 195-220.

Zook, Matthew A. The Knowledge Brokers: Venture Capitalists, Tacit Knowledge and Regional Development. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. Sep 2004. Vol. 28, Iss. 3; pg. 621-41.

David E. Arnstein, Venture Capital, in White, Sammis B., Richard D. Bingham, and Edward W. Hill, eds. 2003. Financing Economic Development in the 21st Century. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Wolman, H., E. Stokan and H. Wial. 2015. Manufacturing job loss in U.S. Deindustrialized regions—its consequences and implications for the future: Examining the conventional wisdom. Economic Development Quarterly 29, no 2: 102-12.



NOTE: Assignment 4 (Survey of local economic developmnet policies) due today


FINAL Sessions: Presentations anD CONCLUSIONS

Dec 9: Presentations I

approximate time for each presentation: Groups of three (22 minutes); two (17 minutes); one (12 minutes); plus 5 minutes of question & answer. [more information on the Assignment 5 page]


Dec 14: Presentations II

approximate time for each presentation: Groups of three (22 minutes); two (17 minutes); one (12 minutes); plus 5 minutes of question & answer.

Assignment 5 final paper version due end of the day, Dec 21