Planning 538: Economic Development Planning
College of Architecture and Urban Planning
University Of Michigan
TuTh 9:00 - 10:30 am (2210 Art & Architecture Building)
last updated: November 16, 2014
This course is an introduction to urban and regional economic development and planning. The course has two main goals: understanding the dynamics of urban growth and decline, and examining planning interventions. The larger context of the course is the contemporary restructuring of local and regional economies in the face of accelerated technological change, growing economic internationalization, the decline of manufacturing employment, the blurring of public and private planning, the inverted city-suburb-edge city relationships, and the conflicts between economic, social and ecological interests. We will use case studies to contrast past and future models of local economic growth, such as high-tech innovation in Silicon Valley and Route 128 and the decline of resource-dependent communities.
Graduate standing or permission of instructor. As an introductory course, the emphasis is on major themes, political debates, urban economic history, and the dynamics of local economies. Though a basic course in micro-economics (such as UP510) is recommended as background, this course does not focus on quantitative economic methods (that is the focus of UP539: (Methods of Economic Development Planning). This course (UP538) is a recommended (though not required) prerequisite for UP539, taught by Prof. David Bieri. The two courses (UP538 and 539) are complementary, rather than a strict hierarchical sequence: one can take each course independently, and in either order.
Readings are in multiple formats:
1. Most articles and book chapters posted on ctools (Resources)
2. one recommended text (not available online):
3. Selections from books available online available online through the UM Library "Ebrary". (see selected list of titles below). There is a ebrary Plug-in Reader available for Mac or Windows. See the help page on the ebrary page for more information.
4. Readings available directly on the web (links provided on the syllabus)
Students are expected to complete all the required readings before the scheduled class time, actively participate in class discussions and presentations, and prepare several written assignments over the semester. The final exam will be in the form of a take-home essay. Evaluation of your work will be based on substantive content, analytical rigor, and writing quality. Be sure to follow appropriate citation guidelines in all your work. Late assignments will result in point reductions.
New this year (2014): students will have the option of collaborating with Ford School of Public Policy students and the Office of Government Relations to work on a complex, large-scale, local client-based project (connecting themes of public-private partnerships, economic impact evaluation, land redevelopment, knowledge-driven economic development, tourism and large-scale projects). More details to come.
Case Studies of Local Economies used in the Course:
Silicon Valley as a model of regional economic development
Wal-Mart: good and/or bad for local economies and communities?
ball parks, Olympic Games, world's fairs and casinos as catalysts for development
regional economic development agencies (TVA, ARC)
significant subsidies used to attract foreign investment (e.g., BMW in South Carolina)
the crisis of resource extraction economics in western US communities
universities as economic growth machines
adaptive reuse and the restructuring/rebranding of older industrial cities
Broader Themes of the Course:
the causes of growth and decline in cities and regions
Comparing strategies for promoting economic development (tax subsidies, job training, infrastructure development, marketing, etc.). What tools are effective in attracting and retaining businesses?
the limits of planning intervention in a mixed capitalist setting
competing strategies to alleviate poverty in older industrial cities
How can one balance the interests of economic growth, environmental protection and social justice?
deindustrialization, restructuring, and advanced services
Can manufacturing still be a viable economic base?
the rise of high-tech and the information city
Is bio-tech the latest wave of technology driven industrial growth, and should communities aggressively pursue it?
the globalization of production, trade and financial markets (and the resulting constraints on local economic control)
Should localities encourage/require firms to use locally responsible/loyal practices?
local vs. state vs. national development strategies
the varied economic foundations of cities (government cities, industrial cities, trade cities, global cities, military cities)
the role of military spending and other national policies in local and regional economic development
top-down vs. bottom-up strategies to economic development (e.g., neighborhood vs. downtown).
tourism as economic development
economic demography and labor migration (e.g., do jobs follow people or vice versa?)
the product and profit cycles of technological change
How are the boundaries between the public and private sectors being blurred by public-private partnerships, public authorities, non-profits, etc.?
How does economic development complicate a simple vision of city planners working in the public interest?
Economic developers: intermediaries, advocates, entrepreneurs, planners or barkers?
Books available on ebrary (authentication required -- and you need to set up a password the first time):
Knowledge, Space, Economy. 2000. Florence, KY, USA: Routledge.
Livable Cities? : Urban Struggles for Livelihood and Sustainability. 2002. Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press.
Community Participation in China : Issues and Processes for Capacity Building. 2004. London, , GBR: Earthscan.
Workforce Development Politics : Civic Capacity and Performance. 2004. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press.
Partnerships for Smart Growth. 2005. Armonk, NY, USA: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.
University As Urban Developer : Case Studies and Analysis. 2006. Armonk, NY, USA: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.
Clusters, Networks, and Innovation. 2006. Oxford, , GBR: Oxford University Press.
Jobs and Economic Development in Minority Communities. 2006. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press.
Cities Farming for the Future : Urban Agriculture for Green and Productive Cities. 2006. Ottawa, ON, CAN: IDRC Books.
Amenity Migrants : Seeking and Sustaining Mountains and Their Cultures. 2006. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, GBR: CABI Publishing.
China Urbanizes : Consequences, Strategies, and Policies. 2008. Herndon, VA, USA: World Bank Publications.
Urban and Regional Policy and Its Effects, Volume 1. 2008. Washington, DC, USA: Brookings Institution Press.
Retooling for Growth : Building a 21st Century Economy in America's Older Industrial Areas. 2008. Washington, DC, USA: Brookings Institution Press.
Making Ecopreneurs : Developing Sustainable Entrepreneurship (2nd Edition). 2010. Farnham, Surrey, GBR: Ashgate Publishing Group.
Accordino, John J. 2000. Captives of the Cold War Economy : The Struggle for Defense Conversion in American Communities. Westport, CT, USA: Greenwood Press.
Altshuler, Alan A., and David E. Luberoff. 2003. Mega-Projects : The Changing Politics of Urban Public Investment. Washington, DC, USA: Brookings Institution Press.
Anderson, John E., and Robert W. Wassmer. 2000. Bidding for Business : The Efficacy of Local Economic Development Incentives in a Metropolitan Area. Kalamazoo, MI, USA: W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Banister, David, and Joseph Berechman. 1999. Transport Investment and Economic Development. London, GBR: Routledge.
Bigio, Anthony G., and Bharat Dahiya. 2004. Urban Environment and Infrastructure : Toward Livable Cities. Washington, DC, USA: World Bank Publications.
Blore, Ian, Nick Devas, and R. P. Slater. 2004. Municipalities and Finance : A Sourcebook for Capacity Building. Toronto, ON, CAN: Earthscan Canada.
Bonne, Alfred. 1998. Studies in Economic Development With Special Reference to Conditions in the Underdeveloped Areas of Western Asia and India. Florence, KY: Routledge.
Brown, Clair, and Greg Linden. 2009. Chips and Change : How Crisis Reshapes the Semiconductor Industry. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
Burchell, Robert, Anthony Downs, and Sahan Mukherji. 2005. Sprawl Costs : Economic Impacts of Unchecked Development. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press.
Campanella, Thomas J. 2008. Concrete Dragon : China's Urban Revolution and What it Means for the World. New York, NY, USA: Princeton Architectural Press.
DiGaetano, Alan, and John S. Klemanski. 1999. Power and City Governance : Comparative Perspectives on Urban Development. Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press.
Drennan, Matthew P. 2002. Information Economy and American Cities. Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Fields, Gary S. 2001. Distribution & Development: A New Look at the Developing World. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
Florida, Richard. 2008. Who's Your City? : How the Creative Economy Is Making Where You Live the Most Important Decision of Your Life. New York, NY, USA: Basic Books.
Freeman, Lance. 2006. There Goes the 'Hood : Views of Gentrification from the Ground Up. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press.
Freire, Mila, and Mario PolËse. 2003. Connecting Cities with Macro-economic Concerns : The Missing Link. Washington, DC, USA: World Bank Publications.
Friedmann, John. 2005. China's Urban Transition. Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press.
Frug, Gerald E., and David J. Barron. 2008. City Bound : How States Stifle Urban Innovation. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University Press.
Fujita, Masahisa, Paul Krugman, and Anthony J. Venables. 1999. Spatial Economy : Cities, Regions and International Trade. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
Gertler, Meric S., and Trevor J. Barnes. 1999. New Industrial Geography : Regions, Regulations and Institutions. Florence, KY, USA: Routledge.
Goldsmith, William, and Edward Blakely. 2010. Separate Societies : Poverty and Inequality in U.S. Cities (2nd Edition). Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press.
Hackler, Darrene L. 2006. Cities in the Technology Economy. Armonk, NY, USA: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.
Hamel, Pierre, Henri Lustiger-Thaler, and Margit Mayer. 2000. Urban Movements in a Globalising World. Florence, KY, USA: Routledge.
Hollander, Justin B., Niall Kirkwood, and Julia L. Gold. 2010. Principles of Brownfield Regeneration : Cleanup, Design, and Reuse of Derelict Land (2nd Edition). Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press.
Kahn, Matthew E. 2006. Green Cities : Urban Growth and the Environment. Washington, DC, USA: Brookings Institution Press.
Kriken, John, Phil Enquist, and Richard Rapaport. 2010. City Building : Skidmore, Owings and Merrill's Critical Planning Principles for the Twenty-First Century. New York, NY, USA: Princeton Architectural Press.
Landry, Charles. 2008. Creative City : A Toolkit for Urban Innovators (2nd Edition). London, , GBR: Earthscan.
Light, Jennifer S. 2003. From Warfare to Welfare : Defense Intellectuals and Urban Problems in Cold War America. Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lyons, Thomas S., and Roger E. Hamlin. 1996. Economy Without Walls : Managing Local Development in a Restructuring World. Westport, CT, USA: Greenwood Press.
Repeated Author. 2001. Creating an Economic Development Action Plan : A Guide for Development Professionals Revised & Updated Edition. Westport, CT, USA: Greenwood Press.
Markey, Sean. 2004. Second Growth: Community Economic Development in Rural British Columbia. Vancouver, BC, CAN: UBC Press.
Markusen, Ann R. 2007. Reining in the Competition for Capital. Kalamazoo, MI, USA: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Maynard, Micheline. 2004. End of Detroit : How the Big Three Lost Their Grip on the American Car Market. Westminster, MD, USA: Doubleday Publishing.
Meiklejohn, Susan Turner. 2000. Wages, Race, Skills and Space : Lessons from Employers in Detroit's Auto Industry. New York, NY, USA: Garland Publishing, Incorporated.
MelÈndez, Edwin. 2004. Communities and Workforce Development. Kalamazoo, MI, USA: W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Michael, Graham, and Woo Jean. 2009. Fuelling Economic Growth : The Role of Public-Private Sector Research in Development. Ottawa, ON, CAN: Practical Action Publishing.
Ozawa, Connie P. 2004. Portland Edge : Challenges in Growing Communities. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press.
Pellow, David N., and Lisa Sun-Hee Parks. 2002. Silicon Valley of Dreams : Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy. New York, NY, USA: NYU Press.
Persky, Joseph, Daniel Felsenstein, and Virginia Carlson. 2004. Does "Trickle Down" Work? : Economic Development Strategies and Job Chains in Local Labor Markets. Kalamazoo, MI, USA: W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Peterson, George E. 2008. Unlocking Land Values for Urban Infrastructure Finance. Herndon, VA, USA: World Bank Publications.
Rae, Douglas W. 2003. City : Urbanism and Its End. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press.
Roseland, Mark. 2005. Toward Sustainable Communities : Resources for Citizens and Their Governments. Gabriola Island, BC, CAN: New Society Publishers.
Shuman, Michael H. 2007. Small-Mart Revolution : How Local Businesses Are Beating the Global Competition (2nd Edition). San Francisco, CA, USA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Soja, Edward W. 2010. Seeking Spatial Justice. Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press.
Stobart, Jon. 2004. The First Industrial Region : North-west England, c.1700-60. Manchester, , GBR: Manchester University Press.
Tinker, Irene. 1997. Street Foods : Urban Food and Employment in Developing Countries. Cary, NC, USA: Oxford University Press.
Vale, Lawrence J., and Thomas J. Campanella. 2005. Resilient City : How Modern Cities Recover from Disaster. Cary, NC, USA: Oxford University Press.
Van Kooten, G. Cornelis. 1993. Land Resource Economics and Sustainable Development : Economic Policies and the Common Good. Vancouver, BC, CAN: UBC Press.
Yu, Tony F. 1997. Entrepreneurship and Economic Development in Hong Kong. London, GBR: Routledge.