Urban Planning 538: Economic Development Planning
College of Architecture + Urban Planning
University Of Michigan, Winter 2016
TuTh 9:00 - 10:30 am (2210 Art & Architecture Building)
class listserv: up538w16@ctools.umich.edu
modified: Monday, July 25, 2016

course overview
terms / concepts

Prof. Scott Campbell
office:  2225C A&AB
(734) 763-2077
Office hours


This course complements UP539 (Methods of Economic Development Planning). The two courses are independent, and one may take one or the other or both (in either order). (This winter course, UP538, is a broader introduction to the concepts, politics and examples of urban economies and local economic development challenges and case studies. The fall course, UP539, focuses on methods.)


calendar Jan 26

note: Assignment dates modified (3/25/16)


Schedule of Weekly Readings

Jan 7: Course Introduction

[introductions of instructor and students; format and themes of course; short lecture on economic development planning]

useful readings as an introduction to the field:
Blakely, Edward James, and Nancey Green Leigh. 2010. Planning local economic development: theory and practice. 5th ed. Los Angeles: Sage. [Chapters 1,3]

Galbraith, John Kenneth. "The Proper Purpose of Economic Development," in The Essential Galbraith . Boston: Mariner Books, 2001, pp. 109-117.

Rubin, Herbert J. "Shoot Anything That Flies; Claim Anything That Falls: Conversations With Economic Development Practitioners." Economic Development
, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1988, pp. 236-251.

Glaeser, Edward L. "Why Economists Still Like Cities." City Journal, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1996, pp. 70-77.


Growth, Development, Gentrification and Decline

Jan 12: Can Cities Grow Too Fast? Economic Development in Boomtowns and Rapidly Growing Megacities

Broadway, M. J. and D. D. Stull. 2006. Meat processing and Garden City, KS: boom and bust. Journal of Rural Studies 22: 55-66.

Brown, Chip. 2013. "North Dakota Went Boom," The New York Times. Jan 31. [link] [images + audio]
see also this BBC report on Williston, ND: Jude Sheerin and Anna Bressanin, "North Dakota oil boom: American Dream on ice," (BBC News).

Campanella, Thomas J. 2008. Concrete Dragon : China's Urban Revolution and What it Means for the World. New York, NY, USA: Princeton Architectural Press. (Introduction: "The Urbanism of Ambition" and Epilogue: "China Reinvents the City") [ebrary]

The Guardian: The rise of megacities – interactive [link] and Shanghai in pictures + "Walking Shanghai: from the 14th century to the future"

see also:
Paul G. Lewis, and Max Neiman. Custodians of Place : Governing the Growth and Development of Cities. Washington, DC, USA: Georgetown University Press, 2009. [ebrary] (Chapter 3 What Type of City to Be? Evaluating Different Kinds of Growth)
Krauss, Clifford. 2015. On to Plan B as Oil Work Stalls in Texas, The New York Times, Jan 19. [link]
Jasper, James M.. 2002. Restless Nation : Starting Over in America. University of Chicago Press. (Ch 4: "Boom Land") [ebrary]
Engelhardt, Carroll. 2007. Gateway to the Northern Plains : Railroads and the Birth of Fargo and Moorhead. University of Minnesota Press. [ebrary]
Friedmann, John. 2005. China's Urban Transition. University of Minnesota Press. [ebrary]
Yusuf, Shahid Saich, Anthony. 2008. China Urbanizes : Consequences, Strategies, and Policies. Herndon, VA: World Bank Publications. (esp. Chapter 5: Finance for Urban Centers) [ebrary]
Black, Brian . 2000. Petrolia : The Landscape of America's First Oil Boom. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. [ebrary]


Jan 14: Shrinking Cities: Growing Too Slow

Flammang, R. A. 1979. “Economic growth and economic development: Counterparts or competitors?” Economic Development and Cultural Change 28, 47-62

Alan Mallach (ed). Rebuilding America's Legacy Cities: New Directions for the Industrial Heartland. Center for Community Progress. (selected chapters: Introduction, Chs. 1, 3, 7, 10, 11.) [now in ctools]

Dewar, M.E. and J.M. Thomas eds. 2013. The city after abandonment. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (Chapter 13. Planning for Better, Smaller Places After Population Loss: Lessons from Youngstown and Flint, by Margaret Dewar, Christina Kelly, and Hunter Morrison) [ebrary]

see also:
Center for Community Progress publications
Legacy Cities Partnership

Leaner, Greener Detroit:  A Report by the American Institute of Architects. Sustainable Design Assessment Team, Detroit, Michigan October 30-November 1, 2008. [link]
Bruce Katz and Jennifer Bradley.  2009.   The Detroit Project:  A plan for solving America’s greatest urban disaster.  The New Republic.   December 9.   [link]
Galster, George. 2012. Metropolitan Portraits : Driving Detroit : The Quest for Respect in the Motor City. Publisher: Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (esp. chapter 9, "The Dynamics of Decay, Abandonment, and Bankruptcy") [ebrary]
Barrow, Heather B. 2004. "'The American Disease of Growth': Henry Ford and the Metropolitanization of Detroit, 1920 - 1940." In Manufacturing Suburbs : Building Work and Home on the Metropolitan Fringe, edited by Robert Lewis. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. [ebrary]
Sugrue, Thomas J. 1998. The Origins of the Urban Crisis. Princeton: Princeton Univ Press. [excerpt: chapter 5]
Martelle, Scott. 2012. Detroit : A Biography. Chicago: Chicago Review Press. [ebrary]
Herscher, Andrew. 2012. Unreal Estate Guide to Detroit. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. [ebrary]


Jan 19: The Janus Face of Gentrification: causes and consequences

Marketplace, York & Fig: at the Intersection of Change [wonderful multimedia -- be sure to listen to the audio stories]

Schwarz, Benjamin. 2010. Gentrification and Its Discontents: Manhattan never was what we think it was. The Atlantic, May 11.

Hackworth, Jason, and Neil Smith. 2001. "The changing state of gentrification." Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie 92 (4):464-477.

Peter Moskowitz. 2015. The two Detroits: a city both collapsing and gentrifying at the same time. The Guardian. Feb 5. [link]

Jana Kasperkevicz. 2014. Study of poverty-ridden neighborhoods shows gentrification is not ruining enough of America. The Guardian. Dec 10. [link]

see also:
Freeman, Lance. 2006. There Goes the 'Hood : Views of Gentrification from the Ground Up. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press. [ebrary]
Hector Tobar. 2015. Viva Gentrification! the New York Times, March 21. [link]
Casey Parks. 2015. Portland gentrification video: 'This is painful, but we can do something'. Oregon Live, March 17. [link] see also: Ifanyi Bell, The Air I Breathe: Growing up tolerated and underestimated in Portland (2014).
Brock Winstead. 2015. There Goes the Neighborhood, Again: A gentrifier digs deep into his new home's past in pursuit of its true historic owners. Slate, Feb 9. [link]
Lisa Bates. 2013. Gentrification and Displacement Study: implementing an equitable inclusive development strategy in the context of gentrification. Commissioned by City of Portland, Bureau of Planning and Sustainability. May 18. [link].


LAST 20 minutes of class: Formation of Groups for Jan 28 Debate





Jan 21: Place Marketing/Place Branding: Introduction, Concepts and the Politics of Selling Places

Ward, Stephen V. 1998. Selling Places : The Marketing and Promotion of Towns and Cities, 1850-2000. Routledge. [Ch. 9] [see also google books -- limited view]

see also:
Kavaratzis, M., & Ashworth, G. (2008). Place marketing: How did we get here and where are we going? Journal of Place Management and Development, 1(2), 150-165.
Eisenschitz, A. (2010). Neo-liberalism and the future of place marketing. Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, 6(2), 79-86.
John R. Mullin. "From Mill Town to Mill Town: The Transition of a New England Town from a Textile to a High Tech Economy"
Rennen, Ward. 2007. CityEvents : Place Selling in a Media Age. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. [ebrary]


Jan 26: Place Marketing/Place Branding: Student Examples

Each of you is to locate an interesting example of place marketing and briefly present the image in class. Be ready to evaluate/critique the image and place it in context.

Task for class: By Monday evening, please find an example of "place marketing" / place branding. (print, web, video). Then do one of the following.
1. Create a slide of your image(s) and upload it to the class GOOGLE SLIDES file created for this task.
2. If you want to instead show a dynamic web page that is better shown directly on a browser than via google slides, then create a slide in the above file with a link to the web page.

Be sure to include on the slide:

  • your name
  • the source of the images
  • and if not obvious from the slide itself, the location of the image

Jan 28: Debate #1: Is Gentrification a sign of vibrant economic development to be promoted or a discriminatory disrupter to be resisted?

The debate format [DRAFT]:

  • We will hold a debate on this day.
  • Before the start of the debate, two students will be assigned as the neutral moderators and judges of the debate.
  • The remaining students will be assigned into either the pro or contra side.
  • Groups will have 5-10 minutes to discuss their debate strategy and key points. (During this time, the two assigned moderators will develop their debate questions and format for the debate.)
  • The moderators conduct the debate. (At the end they will briefly deliberate and evaluate the strength of each group's arguments.

4-page debate memo due.


Feb 2: NO CLASS (updated as of Feb 1)

[guest presentation cancelled]

Feb 4: Funding Economic Development: Introduction and Tax Increment Financing
Guest speaker: Carla Kayanan, URP PhD candidate and co-author of paper on Michigan TIFs

Stephen Malpezzi, "Local Economic Development and Its Finance: An Introduction,"in White, Sammis B., Richard D. Bingham, and Edward W. Hill, eds. 2003. Financing Economic Development in the 21st Century. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Biere, David and Carla Kayanan, Improving TIF Transparency and Accountability, Towards a Consolidated View of TIF Activities in Michigan, 2014.

Rachel Weber, "Tax Incremental Financing in Theory and Practice," in White, Sammis B., Richard D. Bingham, and Edward W. Hill, eds. 2003. Financing Economic Development in the 21st Century. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Steiner, Frederick and Kent Butler. "Economic and Real Estate Development," (Section on capital improvement, pp 401-2 and TIFs, pp. 403-5) in Planning and Urban Design Standards, Student Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007, pp. 401-2.

Blakely, Edward James, and Nancey Green Leigh. 2010. Planning local economic development: theory and practice. 5th ed. Los Angeles: Sage. [Ch. 5, 7]

New York Times: "United States of Subsidies" (Dec 2012). [link]

see also:

Michigan Department of Treasury: Tax Increment Financing
City of Chicago TIF Portal
Citizens Research Council of Michigan: 2007 Survey of Economic Development Programs in Michigan (see section on tax increment financing)
White, Sammis B., Richard D. Bingham, and Edward W. Hill, eds. 2003. Financing Economic Development in the 21st Century. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe. [google book view]
Cook County Clerk: TIF Districts information pageUnderstanding TIFs (6 minute video)
The TIF Illumination Project


Feb 9: TIFs (continued) and Funding Economic Development: Business Improvement Districts and Enterprise/Empowerment Zones

Mitchell, Jerry. "Business Improvement Districts and the 'New' Revitalization of Downtown." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 2, May 2001, pp. 115-123.

Boarnet, Marion G. "Enterprise Zones and Job Creation: Linking Evaluations and Practice." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2001, pp. 242-254.

Elvery, J. A. (2009). "The Impact of Enterprise Zones on Resident Employment." Economic Development Quarterly 23(1): 44-59.

Steiner, Frederick and Kent Butler. "Economic and Real Estate Development," (Section on financing) in Planning and Urban Design Standards, Student Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007, pp. 406-14.

Blakely, Edward James, and Nancey Green Leigh. 2010. Planning local economic development: theory and practice. 5th ed. Los Angeles: Sage. [Ch. 8, 9]

see also:
Main Street Business Improvement Zone (MSBIZ), Ann Arbor

Ann Arbor Downtown Development Authority, Blueprint for establishing business improvement zones in downtown Ann Arbor, MI

Sutton, S. A. (2010). "Rethinking Commercial Revitalization: A Neighborhood Small Business Perspective." Economic Development Quarterly 24(4): 352-371.

Hall, P. (1982). Enterprise zones: a justification. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 6(3), 416-421.

Anderson, John E. Wassmer, Robert W. 2000. Bidding for Business : The Efficacy of Local Economic Development Incentives in a Metropolitan Area. Kalamazoo, MI: W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. [ebrary] Chapter 1.


Feb 11: The Tourist City: Fragile Economic Strategy or Path to Growth?

Loukaitou-Sideris, A. and K. Soureli (2012). "Cultural Tourism as an Economic Development Strategy for Ethnic Neighborhoods." Economic Development Quarterly 26(1): 50-72.

Sandercock, Leonie and Kim Dovey. 2002. Pleasure, politics, and the "public interest": Melbourne's riverscape revitalization. Journal of the American Planning Association. Spring 2002; 68, pp 151-64.

Moehring, Eugene. 2002. Growth, Services, and the Political Economy of Gambling in Las Vegas, 1970– 2000, in Rothman, Hal and Mike Davis (eds). 2002. Grit Beneath the Glitter: Tales from the Real Las Vegas. University of California Press. (pp. 73-98) [ebrary]

see also:

Hospers, Gert-Jan. 2010. 'Lynch's The Image of the City after 50 Years: City Marketing Lessons from an Urban Planning Classic', European Planning Studies, 18: 12, 2073 — 2081.Bickford-Smith, Vivian. 2009. Creating a City of the Tourist Imagination: The Case of Cape Town, `The Fairest Cape of Them All' Urban Studies 46: 1763

End of the Boardwalk empire? The rise and demise of Atlantic City, The Guardian, 4 Nov 2014.



Feb 16: Arts and Economic Development

Currid, Elizabeth. How Art and Culture Happen in New York: Implications for Urban Economic Development. Journal of the American Planning Association 73. 4 (Autumn 2007): 454-467.

Ann Markusen and Anne Gadwa. 2010. Arts and Culture in Urban or Regional Planning: A Review and Research Agenda. Journal of Planning Education and Research 29(3) 379–

Carl Grodach. 2011. Art Spaces in Community and Economic Development: Connections to Neighborhoods, Artists, and the Cultural Economy. Journal of Planning Education and Research. 31(1) 74–85.

view and add to this class blog/web site: https://sites.google.com/a/umich.edu/up538-arts-culture-and-economic-development-examples/
[link updated]

see also:
Cohen, Patricia. 2014. N.E.A. Funds Benefit Both Rich and Poor, Study Finds. The New York Times. Feb 4. [and a link to the study].

Anne Gadwa Nicodemus. 2013. Artists and Gentrification: Sticky Myths, Slippery Realities. ( April 5). [link]


Feb 18: Resilient Cities / Fragile Cities

Foster, Kathryn. 2007. Snapping Back: What Makes Regions Resilient? National Civic Review.

Vale, Lawrence J., and Thomas J. Campanella. 2005. Resilient City: How Modern Cities Recover from Disaster. Cary, NC, USA: Oxford University Press. [selections: Introduction; Chs. 1, 3, 5, 9, Conclusion] [ebrary]

see also:
What the collapse of ancient capitals can teach us about the cities of today, The Guardian, 14 Jan 2015.
100 Resilient Cities (Rockefeller Foundation)


Feb 23 - 25: Presentations of Assignment 2: Economic Portraits of a Small Urban Spaces

[depending on class size, each two-person group will have about 15 minutes] see assignment page for more instructions.

Mar 1 - 3: Mid-semester break (no classes)


Squaring the Circle: Promoting Just, Sustainable, Economically Vibrant Cities

Mar 8: Unequal Cities: Poverty and Uneven Development

Sen, Amartya. 1999. Development as Freedom. Westminster, MD: Knopf. (Chapter 2: The Ends and Means of Development)

Norman Krumholtz, "Equitable approaches to local economic development," Policy Studies Journal, vol. 27, no. 1 (Spring 1999).

Abel Valenzuela Jr.. 2006. Economic Development in Latino Communities: Incorporating Marginal and Immigrant Workers. in Paul Ong and Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris (eds.), Jobs and Economic Development in Minority Communities. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. (Chapter 6) [ebrary]

Sutton, Stacey A. 2010. "Rethinking Commercial Revitalization: A Neighborhood Small Business Perspective." Economic Development Quarterly 24 (4)

Soja, Edward W. 2010. Seeking Spatial Justice. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. (Chapter 4: Seeking Spatial Justice in Los Angeles) [ebrary]

see also:
Economic Innovation Group. The 2016 Distressed Communities Index: An Analysis of Community Well-Being Across the United States. [link] [interactive maps]
RICHARD FLORIDA and ARIA BENDIX. 2016. Mapping the Most Distressed Communities in the U.S. The Atlantic Citylab. (Feb 26). [link]
Wainwright, The truth about property developers: how they are exploiting planning authorities and ruining our cities, the Guardian, 17 Sept 2014.


Mar 10: Sustainable Economic Development: An Oxymoron or Win-Win?

Tumber, C. (2013). Fields, Factories, and Workshops: Green Economic Development on the Smaller-Metro Scale. in S. M. Wachter & K. A. Zeuli (Eds.), City in the Twenty-First Century : Revitalizing American Cities (pp. 224-241). Philadelphia, PA, USA: University of Pennsylvania Press. (see also this video lecture by Tumber, and her own full length book below)

Hess, D. J. (2012). Good Green Jobs in a Global Economy : Making and Keeping New Industries in the United States. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press. (Chapter 5: The Greening of Regional Industrial Clusters) [ebrary]

Campbell, Scott. 2014. “Sustainability cannot stand still: the unavoidable evolution of a planning ideal through the confrontation between environmental and social justice,” paper presented at the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning Annual Conference, Oct 30 – Nov 2, 2014, Philadelphia. [ctools]

Agyeman, J. (2005). Sustainable Communities and the Challenge of Environmental Justice. New York, NY, USA: New York University Press (NYU Press). (Ch. 4 Just Sustainability in Practice, pp. 107-132). [ebrary]

Oden, M. D. (2010). Equity: The Forgotten E in Sustainable Development. In S. A. Moore (Ed.), Pragmatic sustainability : theoretical and practical tools (1st ed., pp. 31-49). London ; New York, NY: Routledge.

see also:
Agyeman, J., Bullard, R., & Evans, B. (Eds.). (2002). Just Sustainabilities : Development in an Unequal World. London, GBR: Earthscan. [ebrary]
Tumber, C. (2011). Small, Gritty, and Green : The Promise of America's Smaller Industrial Cities in a Low-Carbon World. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press. [ebrary]
Power, Thomas Michael. 1996. Lost Landscapes and Failed Economies: The Search for a Value of Place. Washington, D.C., Covelo, CA Island Press. (Ch. 1: "Thinking About the Local Economy" pp. 7-28; Ch. 3. "Demystifying Local Economic Change" pp. 57-88).
Hayward, Steven F. "A Sensible Environmentalism." Public Interest, Vol. 151, No. Spring, 2003, pp. 62-74.
Fitzgerald, Joan and Nancey Green Leigh. 2002. “Introduction” and “Redefining the Field of Local Economic Development.” In Economic Revitalization: Cases and Strategies for City and Suburb. London: Sage Publications.
Oden, Michael and Robert Young. 2014. Has Green Industry Development Died on the Vine?: Performance and Prospects for Green Industry Development, paper presented at the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning Annual Conference, Oct 30 – Nov 2, 2014, Philadelphia.
Douglas, Ian. 2013. Cities: An Environmental History. London, GBR: I.B. Tauris. (Ch 10. Urban Sustainability: Cities for Future Generations) [ebrary]
G. Rendell. 2012. Sustainability's not a subject. Inside Higher Ed. January 31. [link]
Roseland, Mark. 2005. Community Economic Development, in Toward Sustainable Communities : Resources for Citizens and Their Governments. (Chapter 12). Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers. [ebrary] [no longer available on ebrary]


Mar 15: Sports as a Growth Sector?

Rosentraub, Mark and David Swindell. 2009. Of devils and details: bargaining for successful public/private partnerships between cities and sports teams. Public Administration Quarterly. Vol. 33(1), Spring.

Nelson, Arthur C. "Prosperity or Blight? A Question of Major League Stadia Locations." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 3, August 2001, pp. 255-265.

Baade, Robert A. The Impact of Sports Teams and Facilities on Neighborhood Economies: What is the Score? in Kern, William S. (editor), Economics of Sports. Kalamazoo, MI: W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. [ebrary]

TASK: view and add to this class blog/web site: https://sites.google.com/a/umich.edu/up538-sports-stadiums-local-economic-development/

see also:
Zimbalist, Andrew. 2010. Facility Finance: Measurement, Trends, and Analysis (Ch. 6). in Circling the Bases : Essays on the Challenges and Prospects of the Sports Industry. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. [ebrary]

Binyamin Appelbaum, 2014. Does Hosting the Olympics Actually Pay Off? The New York Times. August 5. [link]

Garofalo, Pat and Travis Waldron. 2012. If You Build It, They Might Not Come: The Risky Economics of Sports Stadiums. The Atlantic. Sept 7. [link]

Mark Rosentraub, Major League Losers: The Real Cost Of Sports And Who's Paying For It and Major League Winners: Using Sports and Cultural Centers as Tools for Economic Development. [google books has some excerpts.]

Ken Belson. 2015. Albatross of Debt Weighs on Super Bowl City. The New York Times, Jan 25. [link]

David Uberti. 2014. How American sports franchises are selling their cities short. The Guardian. Sept 22. [link]


LAST 20 minutes of class: Formation of Groups for TUESDAY March 22 Debate (debate date rescheduled from Mar 17)

[see instructions listed on March 22]



Mar 17: Infrastructure and Megaprojects as Economic Development

Altshuler, Alan A., and David E. Luberoff. 2003. Mega-Projects : The Changing Politics of Urban Public Investment. Washington, DC, USA: Brookings Institution Press. [Chs. 1, 2, 3, 6, 8] [ebrary]

Flyvbjerg, B. and S. Buhl. 2002.. "Underestimating costs in public works projects: Error or lie?" Journal of the American Planning Association 68(3): 279-295.

see also:
Greiman, Virginia A.. Megaprojects : Lessons on Risk and Project Management from The Big Dig. Somerset, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2013. 2016. [ebrary]
Rephann, Terance; Isserman, Andrew. New highways as economic development tools: An evaluation using quasi-experimental matching methods. Regional Science and Urban Economics 24. 6 (Dec 1994): 723-751.
Banister, David and Joseph Berechman. 1999. Transport Investment and Economic Development. London: Routledge. [selections] [ebrary]
Flyvbjerg, B., N. Bruzelius, et al. (2003). Megaprojects and risk : an anatomy of ambition. Cambridge ; New York, Cambridge University Press.


Mar 22: Debate #2: "Should local governments subsidize sports stadiums?" [rescheduled from Mar 17]

The debate format (the same as for the first debate):

  • We will hold a debate on this day.
  • Before the start of the debate, two students will be assigned as the neutral moderators and judges of the debate.
  • The remaining students will be assigned into either the pro or contra side.
  • Groups will have 5-10 minutes to discuss their debate strategy and key points. (During this time, the two assigned moderators will develop their debate questions and format for the debate.)
  • The moderators conduct the debate. (At the end they will briefly deliberate and evaluate the strength of each group's arguments.

4-page debate memo due.


Spaces of Technological Innovation & the Knowledge Economy

Mar 24: Silicon Valley: the Emergence of a High-Tech Region

Saxenian, AnnaLee. 1996. Regional Advantage : Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (read as much as necessary to gain a rich sense of her main arguments) [note: this book has limited access as an E-book via the UM Library. try this link; otherwise, it's a good, inexpensive book to have on your economic development bookshelf]

Markusen, Ann. 1999. Sticky places in slippery space: A typology of industrial districts. in Gertler, Meric S. Barnes, Trevor J. (eds.), New Industrial Geography : Regions, Regulations and Institutions. Florence, KY: Routledge. (pp. 98-124) [ebrary]

Saxenian, AnnaLee; Sabel, Charles. 2008. Roepke Lecture in Economic Geography Venture Capital in the "Periphery": The New Argonauts, Global Search, and Local Institution Building. Economic Geography 84:4 (Oct.), 379-94.


see also:
Karen Chapple, Ann Markusen, Greg Schrock, Daisaku Yamamoto and Pingkang Yu, 2004, Gauging Metropolitan "High-Tech" and "I-Tech" Activity, Economic Development Quarterly 18 (1): 10-29.
Saxenian, A. (1999). Silicon Valley's new immigrant entrepreneurs. San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of California.
Lécuyer, Christophe Brock, David C. Last, Jay T. 2010. Makers of the Microchip : A Documentary History of Fairchild Semiconductor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. (Ch. 1 "Fairchild Semiconductor, Silicon Technology, and Military Computing", pp. 9-44) [ebrary]
Pellow, D. N., & Parks, L. S.-H. (2002). Silicon Valley of Dreams : Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy. New York, NY, USA: New York University Press (NYU Press). [ebrary]
Neff, G. (2012). Acting With Technology : Venture Labor : Work and the Burden of Risk in Innovative Industries. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press. [ebrary]
Florida, Richard. 2002. Bohemia and economic geography. Journal of Economic Geography (2), 55-71.
Havlick, David and Scott Kirsch. A Production Utopia? RTP and the North Carolina Research Triangle Southeastern Geographer; Nov 2004; 44 (2): 263-277.
David E. Arnstein, Venture Capital, in White, Bingham, Hill (2003)
Business Angels, Adam Bock , in White, Bingham, Hill (2003)
Friend, Tad. 2015. Tomorrow's Advance Man: Marc Andreessen's plan to win the future. The New Yorker. May 18.

PBS "American Experience": Silicon Valley (video)


Mar 29: Beyond Silicon Valley: the Rise of High Tech Regions and the "Cluster" Strategy

Timothy Bresnahan, Alfonso Gambardella and AnnaLee Saxenian , ‘Old Economy’ Inputs for ‘New Economy’ Outcomes: Cluster Formation in the New Silicon Valleys, in Breschi, Stefano Malerba, Franco (eds.), Clusters, Networks, and Innovation. 2006. Oxford, GBR: Oxford University Press. (Chapter 5) [ebrary]

Doeringer and Terkla, "Business Strategy and Cross-Industry Clusters,"

Rohe, William M.. Metropolitan Portraits : Research Triangle : From Tobacco Road to Global Prominence. Philadelphia, PA, USA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012. (Chapter 2: The Birth of the Research Triangle Metropolitan Area) [ebrary]

Hatch, M. (2014). The maker movement manifesto : rules for innovation in the new world of crafters, hackers, and tinkerers, McGraw-Hill. (Chapters 2 and 9) [link]

Lepore, J. (2014). The Disruption Machine: What the gospel of innovation gets wrong. The New Yorker, June 23.

E. Bergman and E. Feser. Industrial and Regional Clusters, chapters 3-4

see also:
Krugman, Paul. "Localization," in Geography and Trade. Cambridge, Mass. MIT Press, 1991, pp. 35-67.

Savage, Mike Blokland, Talja. Networked Urbanism : Social Capital in the City. Ashgate. [ebrary]

Lewis, Robert. 2008. Chicago Made: Factory Networks in the Industrial Metropolis. University of Chicago Press. (Chapter 8). [ebrary]


Mar 31: University Towns and Economic Development

Perry, David C. and Wim Wiewel. 2006. University As Urban Developer: Case Studies and Analysis. Armonk, NY: Sharpe. [Chs. 1, 3, 16, 17] [ebrary]

Fischer, Karin, 2015, Why Universities Alone Aren't Going to Save Your Economy, The Chronicle of Higher Education, April 6.

see also:
information on the UM North Campus Research Complex (NCRC)

Lane, Jason E., and Johnstone, D. Bruce, eds. Universities and Colleges As Economic Drivers. Albany, US: SUNY Press, 2014. [ebrary]

Michigan's University Research Corridor makes strong showing among eight leading U.S. research clusters [link] [new reading]

Anderson Economic Group, LLC. 2014. Empowering Michigan: Seventh Annual Economic Impact Report of Michigan's University Research Corridor. (Commissioned by Michigan's University Research Corridor: Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Wayne State University). [new reading]


Apr 5: Defense Cities: the Local Economics of Defense Communities and Defense Conversion

Accordino, John J. 2000. Captives of the Cold War economy : the struggle for defense conversion in American communities. Westport, Conn.: Praeger. [Chs 1,2,4] [ebrary]

Markusen, Ann, Peter Hall, Scott Campbell, and Sabina Deitrick. 1991. The Rise of the Gunbelt: the Military Remapping of Industrial America. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [Ch 3]

see also:
Light, Jennifer S. 2003. From warfare to welfare : defense intellectuals and urban problems in Cold War America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. [Ch 3: Cybernetics and Urban Renewal] [ebrary]

President Dwight D. Eisenhower - Farewell Address (Military-Industrial Complex speech, 17 January 1961) [video link at archive.org]

Lowrey, Annie. 2013. Washington's Economic Boom, Financed by You. The New York Times, January 10. [link]

US DoD: Office of Economic AdjustmentBase Realignment & ClosureContracts



Apr 7: Going Small/Going Local: the Local Investment/Buy Local Movement

Imbroscio, David L; Williamson, Thad; Alperovitz, Gar. 2003. Local policy responses to globalization: Place-based ownership models of economic enterprise. Policy Studies Journal. Feb.

Shuman, Michael H. 2007. Small-Mart Revolution : How Local Businesses Are Beating the Global Competition (2nd Edition). San Francisco, CA, USA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers. (Introduction and Part One) [ebrary]

David A. Fleming and Stephan J. Goetz. 2011. Does Local Firm Ownership Matter? Economic Development Quarterly, August. vol. 25, 3: pp. 277-281.

see also:
Business Alliance for Local Living Economies (BALLE) and their resources page
Institute for Local Self-Reliance
Slow Food USA Slow Food Huron Valley
Gottlieb, Robert Joshi, Anupama. 2010. Food Justice. MIT Press. [ebrary]
Hess, David J. 2009. Localist Movements in a Global Economy: Sustainability, Justice, and Urban Development in the United States. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [ebrary]
Civic Economics
Detroit: Revolve Detroit"17 Reasons That Small Businesses In Detroit Are Thriving" (Huff Post 11/29/2013) • DEGC: Starting a New Business in Detroit •  "How Pop-Up Stores Are Spurring Innovation in Detroit" (NY Times 4/16/2014) • Deadline Detroit (2/5/2014): "Success Stories: Pop-Up Shops Grow Deeper Detroit Roots"
Ann Arbor Farmers Market


Apr 12: Going Big/Going Global: the Case of Walmart

Emek Basker. 2007. The Causes and Consequences of Wal-Mart's Growth. Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol 21(3). Summer, 177–198.

Simon Head, 2004. Inside the Leviathan. The New York Review of Books. Vol. 51 (20): Dec. 16
LA Times 2004 articles on Wal-Mart [a three-part series that wont he Pulitzer Prize]

Hemphill, Thomas A. 2008. Demonising Wal-Mart: What Do the Facts Tell Us? The Journal of Corporate Citizenship; Autumn, 26-30.

Stone, Kenneth G. Impact of Walmart Stores on Iowa Communities: 1983- 1993, Economic Development Review, Vol. 13, #2 (Spring 1995), 60-69

see also:
Wal-Mart home pagecorporate page stores Global ResponsibilityUS Manufacturing
PBS Frontline: "Is Wal-Mart Good for America?" (detailed on-line resources; and watch the movie on-line).
Good Jobs First: Wal-Mart Subsidy Watch
Bay Area Economic Forum, "Supercenters and the Transformation of the Bay Area Grocery Industry: Issues, Trends, and Impacts," (January 2004). pdf
Newrules.org: The Hometown Advantage: Reviving Locally Owned Businesses

see also these books on Wal-Mart in [ebrary]:
Mitchell, S. (2006). BigBox Swindle : The True Cost of MegaRetailers and the Fight for America's Independent Businesses. Boston, MA, USA: Beacon Press.
Roberts, B., & Berg, N. (2012). Walmart : Key Insights and Practical Lessons From the World's Largest Retailer. London, GBR: Kogan Page Ltd.
Moreton, B. (2009). To Serve God and Wal-Mart : The Making of Christian Free Enterprise. Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
Rosen, M. (2009). Boom Town : How Wal-Mart Transformed an All-American Town into an International Community. Chicago, IL, USA: Chicago Review Press.


Apr 14: Last Class -- Course Synthesis

This last session will provide an opportunity to link common themes from the presentations and develop a set of principles for good local economic development planning.

TASK: Each student is to come to class with a one-page sheet (with enough copies for the class) of 5-7 lessons / principles about local economic planning and development. (one possible format: a numbered list; each lesson / principle should be one or several sentences long.) If useful, you might also include a map, diagram, or illustration. Feel free to be creative and employ a different format. Each student will distribute their handout and briefly discuss.



Other suggested readings:
Edward W. Hill. Principles for rethinking the federal government's role in economic development. Economic Development Quarterly 11.n4 (Nov 1998): pp299(14).
Wolman, Harold, and David Spitzley. "The Politics of Local Economic Development." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 2, May 1996, pp. 115-150.
Mier, Robert. Metaphors of Economic Development, in Bingham, Richard D., and Robert Mier, eds. 1993. Theories of Local Economic Development. Newbury Park: Sage. (Chapter 14, pp. 284-304).
Fitzgerald, Joan and Nancey Green Leigh. 2002. “Introduction” and “Redefining the Field of Local Economic Development.” In Economic Revitalization: Cases and Strategies for City and Suburb. London: Sage Publications.
Don Peck. 2010. How a New Jobless Era Will Transform America. The Atlantic, March.
Sanders, Heywood T. 1998. Convention center follies. Public Interest; Summer ; 132 (pp. 58-72).
Sanders, Heywood T. 2014. Convention center follies politics, power, and public investment in American cities. 1st ed. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. [link]
Judd, Dennis R., and Dick Simpson. 2003. "Reconstructing the local state: The role of external constituencies in building urban tourism." The American Behavioral Scientist 46 (8):1056-1069.
Rae, Douglas W. 2003. City: Urbanism and Its End. New Haven, CT, USA: Yale University Press. [ebrary]