Urban Planning 523: Regional Planning
Fall Semester, 2013
TuTh 1:00PM - 2:30PM
2213 Art & Arch Bldg.

Prof. Scott Campbell (home page) College of Architecture and Urban Planning • University Of Michigan  • sdcamp@umich.edu  •office:  2225C A&AB • (734) 763-2077  • Office hours sign-up • class listserv: up523f13@ctools.umich.edu

 

image source: NASA Earth Observatory

links:
course overview
assignments
ctools site
ebrary site

last modified: Wednesday, April 16, 2014

NOTE: this course is usually offered every other year. I will likely teach it again in the 2015-16 academic year.

NOTE: please email me if you find broken links. Thank you.

September

October

November

December

3

5

10

12

17

19

24

26

1

3

8

10

15

17

22

24

29

31

5

7

12

14

19

21

26

28

3

5

10

intro

history, politics, maps

New York

Chicago

 

West Coast

ecoregions

Detroit

global regions

final class

 

Schedule of Weekly Readings (subject to additions/substitutions)
Location of readings: Books available electronically via ebrary are labeled. If source not listed, the reading is located in the ctools resources folder.

Sep 3:   Introduction

Central Questions for the Course include:  

 

Sep 5 - 19:    The History and Politics of Regional Planning; the Visualization of the Region (MODULE 1)

Sep 5: The Impulses for Regional Planning
Katz, Bruce, ed. 2000. Reflections on Regionalism. Washington, DC: Brookings. [ebrary link]
Introduction: Bruce Katz
• Chapter 1: Henry R. Richmond, "Metropolitan Land-Use Reform: The Promise and Challenge of Majority Consensus"
• Chapter 3: David Rusk, "Growth Management: The Core Regional Issue"
Foster, Kathryn, 1997. "Regional Impulses," Journal of Urban Affairs 19 (4).
Briffault, Richard. 1999. "Localism and Regionalism," Columbia Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Working Paper Group, Paper Number 1.

 

Sep 10: Challenges and Opposition to Regional Planning
Paul Dimond, "Empowering Families to Vote with Their Feet," in Katz, Bruce, ed. 2000. Reflections on Regionalism. Washington, DC: Brookings. (Chapter 9) [ebrary]
john a. powell , "Addressing Regional Dilemmas for Minority Communities" in Katz, Bruce, ed. 2000. Reflections on Regionalism. Washington, DC: Brookings. (Chapter 8) [ebrary]
Tiebout, C. (1956), "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures", Journal of Political Economy 64 (5): 416–424
Frug, Gerald E. 2002. Beyond Regional Government. Harvard Law Review 115:1763.
[also read -- and add your contribution to -- this google doc collection of arguments for and against regional planning; use your UM login to access]

 

Sep 12: History of Regional Planning
Friedmann, John and Clyde Weaver. 1979. Territory and Function: The Evolution of Regional Planning. University of California Press. (Part I: Regionalism in America," pp. 21-86)
Robert Fishman , "The Death and Life of American Regional Planning", in Katz, Bruce, ed. 2000. Reflections on Regionalism. Washington, DC: Brookings. (Chapter 4) [ebrary]
Solof, Mark, 1998, "History of Metropolitan Planning Organizations," North Jersey North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority, Inc., Newark, NJ.
Popper, Frank. 1993. "Rethinking Regional Planning," Society, September/October, pp. 46-54.
Markusen, Ann. 1994. American Federalism and Regional Policy. International Regional Science Review 16 (1&2):3-15.
[see also the regional items in this planning history timeline]

see also:
Friedmann, John and Robin Bloch. 1990. "American exceptionalism in regional planning, 1933-2000," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 14 (4): 576-601.

 

Sep 17: Megaregions
Ross, Catherine L.(ed.). 2009. Megaregions : Planning for Global Competitiveness. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. [Introduction, Chs. 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 13] [ebrary]
Regional Plan Association. 2006. America 2050: A Prospectus. New York. see also these resources. and this megaregions home page.

 

Sep 19: Mapping, Visualizing the Region [class exercise; each student presents in class]

The goal of this (ungraded) assignment is to understand the definition and delineation of a "region." What differentiates a region from a city and from a state? How do ecologic, economic, administrative and social criteria lead to differing boundaries of a region?

The task: select a region (both US and international examples encouraged). (1) Briefly describe this region. (The most common region here may be a metropolitan area of one or more central cities and the hinterlands. But you might also try to map other kinds of regions, e.g., rural regions without central cities; polycentric regions; megaregions; cultural regions; etc.) (2) Then define the approximate boundaries of this region based on one or several different criteria: economic, ecological, and political-administrative (and optionally: statistically and/or socio-culturally). (3) Briefly explain the logic of your criteria. How do the boundaries vary depending on the criteria used? (4) Develop one or multiple maps to illustrate the various boundaries you have defined. (You can draw the maps by hand (and then digitally scan), use a computer program, create a collage, or any other combination of techniques to create your map.) We will review your representations in class. [look at the pdf file of the first day's class lecture -- in ctools -- for examples of regional mapping]

Format: pdf file (ideally landscape format to display in class via projector); include: your name; the name of your region; a brief caption that explains the boundaries and the logic/criteria of your regional boundaries (see above); your map.

What to turn in: Upload your pdf file to google drive folder "up523 Fall 2013 Regional Planning" (Only class members have access to this folder.)

Deadline: before the start of class on Sept 19.

 

 

Background readings and links:

Geddes, Robert . "Metropolis Unbound: The Sprawling American City and the search for Alternatives." The American Prospect, No. 35, November/December 1997, pp. 40-46.
Pastor, Manuel, Jr., Chris Benner, and Martha Matsuoka. 2009. This Could Be the Start of Something Big : How Social Movements for Regional Equity Are Reshaping Metropolitan America. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University Press. (Chs. 1-2) [ebrary]
Metropolitan Council (Twin Cities) and its GIS
The Metropolitan Area Research Corporation (Myron Orfield)
Portland metropolitan government
regional councils of government (including SEMCOG, ABAG, etc.), the National Association of Regional Councils, and the Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations)
states as implicit regional planning agencies (e.g., the New Jersey State Plan).
Patrick Geddes,
regional science,
FDR's TVA
LBJ's ARC
federal policy as implicit regional planning (e.g., US Forest Service, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of Transportation)
Isserman, Andrew M. 1993. Lost in Space? On the History, Status, and Future of Regional Science. Review of Regional Studies 23 (1):1-50.

 

Sep 24 - Oct 1:  Case study: New York -- Regionalism as the Complex Overlapping of Jurisdictions and Institutions (MODULE 2)


Sep 24: guest speaker -- Dr. Phil D'Anieri (Lecturer in Urban and Regional Planning, who specializes in regional institutions/politics)
G. L. P., Regional Plan of New York and its Environs , Town Planning Review, 15-2 (1932-Nov.) p.123, (author, G. L. P.)
Benjamin, Gerald and Richard P. Nathan. 2001. Regionalism and Realism: A Study of Governments in the New York Metropolitan Area. Washington, DC: Brookings. selections from Chapters 1-6 [ebrary]

 

Sep 26: [class CANCELLED -- syllabus to re rearranged]


Oct 1: [revised date]
Benjamin, Gerald and Richard P. Nathan. 2001. Regionalism and Realism: A Study of Governments in the New York Metropolitan Area. Washington, DC: Brookings. selections from Chapters 7 - end
Regional Plan Association (RPA). A Region at Risk: (Summary)
The New Jersey State Development and Redevelopment Plan: Executive Summary
Robert Yaro, "Growing and Governing Smart: A Case Study of the New York Region" in Katz, Bruce, ed. 2000. Reflections on Regionalism. Washington, DC: Brookings. [ebrary]

 

Oct 3: NYC GROUP PRESENTATION: New York (James, Terra) [revised date]

 


Response Paper 1 due Oct 3. Answer EITHER Question. (Be sure to read the guidelines on the assignment page.)

(A) A leitmotif of this course is the advantages of regional coordination and planning to overcome myopic localism, fragmentation and inequality. Yet an apparent subcurrent of Benjamin and Nathan's analysis is the downside of regionalism, and the loss of important local activities when the scale of government gets too large (even when a city itself, such as New York, gets too large). In your essay, articulate and then critique the authors' view of regionalism vs. localism. How does regional governance in the New York region either respect and/or undermine positive local government and governance?

(B) Benjamin and Nathan (2001) note that "equity arguments to promote collaboration -- urging fairness between races and classes -- rarely work" [p. 30]. They go on to argue that "social equity is best advanced as a by-product of regional reform, not as its social focus" [p. 32]. In your essay, examine how the authors use the various case studies in the New York region to support this argument. Do you agree or disagree with their conclusion? Explain why.

 

see also:
Mumford, Lewis. 1932. The Plan of New York. New Republic, 6/15/32, Vol. 71 Issue 915, p121-126.
Meyers, Andrew A. "Invisible Cities: Lewis Mumford, Thomas Adams, and the Invention of the Regional City, 1923-1929." Business and Economic History 27:2 (Winter 1998):292-317.
Regional Plan Association, 1968, The Second Regional Plan, a Draft for Discussion. (26 pages)
Tony Schuman and Elliott Sclar. 1998. New York: RACE, CLASS & SPACE: A Historical Comparison of the Three Regional Plans for New York. Planners Network online. [link]

Background readings and links:
Regional Plan Associationmapspublications • 1929 Plan (vol 1) (vol 2) • "The Region's Growth" (1967) • A Region at Risk: The Third Regional Plan (1996)
Port Authority of New York and New Jerseyhistoryfacilities map
Hudson River greenway
New York Metropolitan Transportation Council and regional links
Museum of the City of New York
North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority Inc.a history of MPOs (Metropolitan Planning Organizations) NJTPA Quarterly
State of New Jersey: Office of Smart Growthmaps
National Association of Regional Councils


Oct 8 - 10:  Case Study: Chicago -- Regional Network Formation and the City as Catalyst for Regional Development (MODULE 3)

Oct 8: The Rise of Chicago and the Region [revised date]
Cronon, William. 1991. Nature's metropolis: Chicago and the Great West. New York: W. W. Norton. [Ch 2, Rails and Water]
Bennett, Larry. 2010. Chicago Visions and Revisions : Third City : Chicago and American Urbanism. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press. (Ch. 6: Chicago and American Urbanism) [ebrary]
Lewis, Robert D. 2003. Chicago Made : Factory Networks in the Industrial Metropolis. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press. [Introduction, Chs. 1-2] [ebrary]
Hunt, D. Bradford, Jon B. DeVries. 2013. Planning Chicago. APA Press. [Ch.1, Introduction]

see also:
Commercial Club of Chicago, David Hudson Burnham, Edward H. Bennett, and Charles Moore. 1909. Plan of Chicago. Chicago,: The Commercial Club. [link] • alternative site: Plan of Chicago (1909) "The Burnham Plan"
Smith, Carl. 2006. Plan of Chicago : Daniel Burnham and the Remaking of the American City. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press. [Ch 9] [ebrary]
The Burnham Plan Centennial
The Metropolis Plan (2020) • Technical reports
CMAP: "Go To 2040" Plan2040 plan promotional video
Art Institute of Chicago: Chicago Looks Ahead: 100 Years of Planning, 1909–2009An Online Exhibition of the Plan of Chicago



Oct 10:    CHI GROUP PRESENTATION: Chicago and Regional Networks (Amal, Wenqi)


Response Paper 2 due Oct 17. Answer ONE of the following questions: (Be sure to read the guidelines on the assignment page.)
2a. Contrast the Chicago metropolitan region to the New York metropolitan region. Yes, the New York region has twice as many people as the Chicago region and is located on an ocean (rather than a Great Lake). But what other characteristics of each region might influence differences in the metropolitan structure or strength of regional planning? To focus your short essay, you might select 2-4 elements (such as the age of each city; the relative size/strength of the city vs. the surrounding region; the regional economy; political culture; the structure of local government; the role of the state(s) in shaping regional policy; the history of regional planning institutions; the transportation network; etc.).

2b. Chicago built and exploited new infrastructures (canals, rail, telegraph, etc.) to place itself at the center (or at least as the gateway) of a massive new economic network (of grain, lumber, meat, etc.). However, Chicago would later lose this advantage of centrality in the trading and processing of the Midwest's natural resources. That decline in Chicago's traditional economic activities might have led to an irreversible decline in the city's economic status. However, Chicago was eventually able (albeit with some painful adjustment and social inequality) to transition into a city with a remarkably diverse and vibrant post-industrial economy with global reach. How did Chicago's late 19th century history as a raw material hub shape its eventual rise as a late 20th century global city?

2c. The RPA created three regional plans for New York (1929, 1960s, 1996). Chicago has its classic 1909 Burnham plan, and a series of plans for 2020 and future decades. Contrast each city-region's approach to regional planning (as expressed in their various plans). What differences do you see in the approach in New York vs. Chicago? (Given that each city-region has several regional plans, you certainly do not need to comprehensively examine all of the plans. Instead, pick at least one plan from each region for the comparison).

2d. Compare two or more of the Chicago plans (e.g., 1909, 2020, 2040), examining how differences in the plan reflect larger changes in either the Chicago region and/or in the approach to regional planning, such as regional governance, economics, land use, political culture, sense of place, environmentalism, multiculturalism, social justice, competition from other US and global cities, the perception of Chicago's strengths and vulnerabilities, the relationship between the city and the suburbs, etc.

 

 

Background readings and links:
Chicago Imagebase  including the animated 1850-1990 growth mapChicago's Columbian Exposition of 1893City of Chicago (official site)Chicago Historical SocietyChicago Board of TradeChicago Mercantile ExchangeChronological history of Chicago (timeline)Great Chicago Fire and The Web of MemoryEncyclopedia of Chicago • PBS American Experience Series: Chicago - City of the Century
Lewis, Robert. 2008. Chicago Made: Factory Networks in the Industrial Metropolis. Chicago, University of Chicago Press. [ebrary] (focuses on the metropolitan expansion of Chicago's rapid industrial growth)

 

Oct 15: No class (UM study break)

 

Oct 17 - 29:  Case study: West Coast Regionalism: Los Angeles, San Francisco & Portland (MODULE 4)

Oct 17: Los Angeles
Fulton, William B. 2001. The Reluctant Metropolis: The Politics of Urban Growth in Los Angeles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. [Introduction, Ch 3]
Pastor, Manuel, J. Eugene Grigsby, and Marta Lopez-Garza. 2000. Regions That Work : How Cities and Suburbs Can Grow Together. Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press. (Chs. 1-3) [ebrary]
Gottlieb, Robert. 2004. Next Los Angeles : The Struggle for a Livable City. Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press. [Chs 3, 5] [ebrary]

see also:
Gottlieb, Robert. 2007. Reinventing Los Angeles : Nature and Community in the Global City. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.[Chs 1,3] [ebrary]
Pastor, Manuel, Jr., Chris Benner, and Martha Matsuoka. 2009. This Could Be the Start of Something Big : How Social Movements for Regional Equity Are Reshaping Metropolitan America. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University Press. (Ch. 4) [ebrary]

 

Oct 22: San Francisco Bay Area
Walker, Richard A. 2009. Country in the City : The Greening of the San Francisco Bay Area. Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington Press.[Introduction, Chs. 1, 2, 5, 6, Conclusion] [ebrary]
Greenbelt Alliance, "At Risk: The Bay Area's Greenbelt" (in their reports section)

Oct 24: Portland (and the Urban Growth Boundary)
Ozawa, Connie P. 2004. Portland Edge : Challenges in Growing Communities. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press.[Introduction, Chs 1, 2, 8, 11] [ebrary]

 

see also:
Stephenson, R Bruce. 1999. A vision of green: Lewis Mumford's legacy in Portland, Oregon Journal of the American Planning Association; Summer; 65, 3.
Abbott, Carl;Margheim, Joy. 2008. Imagining Portland's Urban Growth Boundary: Planning Regulation as Cultural Icon. Journal of the American Planning Association; Spring; 74, 2;
Carl Abbott and Margery Post Abbott, A history of Metro,( May 1991) [link through the Metro site]
Metro (Portland regional government) • mapsmissiontimeline/historyurban growth boundary (UGB) • UGB map

Oct 29: WEST COAST GROUP PRESENTATION (Cole, Evan M.)

 

 

Background readings and links:

Travis, William R. 2007. New Geographies of the American West : Land Use and the Changing Patterns of Place. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press.[ebrary]
Abbot, Carl. 2010. How Cities Won the West : Four Centuries of Urban Change in Western North America. Albuquerque, NM, USA: University of New Mexico Press.[ebrary]
Southern California Compass (public participation to shape the region's future growth)
Los Angeles Government Sources (CSUN Library)
Southern California Association of Governments "Regional Comprehensive Plan""Global Gateway Regions" Interactive Atlas
South Bay Cities Council of GovernmentsWestside Cities Council of GovernmentsGateway Cities Council of Governments
Lewis Center for Regional Policy Studies (UCLA)
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authorityrail map •  bus map
Metropolitan Water District of Southern California
South Coast Air Quality Management District

Response Paper 3 due Thursday Oct 31. Answer ONE of the following questions. (Be sure to read the guidelines on the assignment page.)

(a) Can one speak of a "West Coast Regionalism"? Do the patterns and politics of regionalism along the Pacific Coast differ in substantive ways from the regionalism found in eastern and midwestern metropolitan areas? If so, what might explain these differences?

(b) Pick two of the three West Coast metro areas (Los Angeles, San Francisco and/or Portland) and compare the central challenges and policies of regional planning and coordination.

 

Oct 31 - Nov 12: Ecoregions: regional planning as a tool of environmental planning, water resource management, habitat preservation and sustainability (MODULE 5)

Oct 31: Ecoregions
Sale, Kirkpatrick. 2001. "There's no place like home..." The Ecologist: 31 (2): 40-43.
Hiss, Tony. 1990. The Experience of Place: A new way of looking at and dealing with out radically changing cities and countryside. New York: Vintage. (Chapter 9, "Thinking Regionally," pp. 194-220.)
Thayer, Robert L. 2003. Life-Place : Bioregional Thought and Practice. Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press. (Ch. 7: Planning: Designing a Life-Place) [ebrary]
Anderson, Larry. 2002. Benton MacKaye : Conservationist, Planner, and Creator of the Appalachian Trail. Baltimore, MD, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. (Chs. 1, 8-11). [ebrary]

Nov 5: Designing the "The Regional City"
Calthorpe, Peter, and William Fulton. 2001. Regional City : New Urbanism and the End of Sprawl. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. (Chs. 1, 3, Conclusion) [ebrary]
Erickson, Donna. 2006. MetroGreen : Connecting Open Space in North American Cities. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press (Ch. 1 Connected Open Space: The Metropolitan Scale) .[ebrary]
Hellmund, Paul Cawood, and Daniel Smith. 2006. Designing Greenways : Sustainable Landscapes for Nature and People. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press (Chs. 1, 2) .[ebrary]

see also:
Lindenmayer, David B., and Joem Fischer. 2006. Habitat Fragmentation and Landscape Change : An Ecological and Conservation Synthesis. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. [ebrary]
Saunders, William. 2005. Sprawl and Suburbia : A Harvard Design Magazine Reader. Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press. [ebrary]
Bailey, Robert G. 2002. Ecoregion-Based Design for Sustainability. Secaucus, NJ, USA: Springer. [ebrary]

Nov 7: Water: The River Basin as Region
Reisner, M. 1993. Cadillac desert: the American West and its disappearing water. revised ed. New York and London: Penguin Books. (Introduction & Ch. 1, pp. 1-51)
Annin, Peter. 2006. Great Lakes Water Wars. Washington, DC, USA: Island Press. (Ch. 1) [ebrary]
Mullin, Megan. 2009. Governing the Tap : Special District Governance and the New Local Politics of Water. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press. (Ch. 1) [ebrary]

Nov 12:   ECO GROUP PRESENTATION (Jonas, Danielle M.)

 


Response Paper 4 due Tuesday, Nov 19.

(a) One typically thinks of regional planning as the activity of regional economists, resource managers, infrastructure planners;  by contrast, design is often viewed as an activity that can best (or only) be done at a small scale (e.g., the neighborhood).  However, Calthorpe and Fulton argue that creating the "regional city" should be an act of design.   In your essay, examine why the authors assert the importance of design (over, for example, "engineering", p. 43).  How does a design approach/mentality lead to a different type of regional planning than a typical policy/planning approach?  What are the advantages and drawbacks of the design approach to regionalism? 

(b) Benjamin and Nathan (2001) had argued that equity arguments for regional planning rarely work.   Can the same be said about environmental protection arguments?  Consider the range of examples from this module's readings:  to what extent have environmental concerns been effective in promoting regional planning and building powerful regional coalitions?  And are all regional environmental arguments equally effective (or ineffective), or is there variation (e.g., habitat preservation vs. watershed protection vs. public health concerns vs. open space as amenity, etc.).

(c) One argument made by some ecoregionalists is that a region should live within its means (e.g., minimize imports of natural resources into the region). Examine the logic of this argument (made either implicitly or explicitly in the readings). How might this argument vary for different kinds of natural resources (e.g., water, energy, food)?

 

Background readings and links: [links to be updated]
Fregonese Calthorpe Associates
the Planet Drum Foundation
the Sierra Club ecoregions
regional wildlife corridors (e.g., a GIS example from Montana and corridor design)
riverbasin-based identity (such as an envisioned Hudson River greenway from Manhattan to Albany)
greenbelts (e.g., the Greenbelt Alliance in San Francisco, Frankfurt, Vienna)
Campbell, Scott. 1992. "Integrating Economic and Environmental Planning: The Regional Perspective," pdf
the fall issue of Boom: A Journal of California is a special issue on California water, Owens Valley, Los Angeles, and the LA Aqueduct [link]

 

Nov 14 - 19: Case Study: Detroit, or Can a Region Thrive with a Bankrupt Central City? (MODULE 6)

Nov 14: Detroit and Southeast Michigan: What kind of region did the Motor City create?

Barrow, Heather B. 2004. "'The American Disease of Growth': Henry Ford and the Metropolitanization of Detroit, 1920 - 1940." In Manufacturing Suburbs : Building Work and Home on the Metropolitan Fringe, edited by Robert Lewis. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. [ebrary]

Sugrue, Thomas J. 1998. The Origins of the Urban Crisis. Princeton: Princeton Univ Press. [excerpt: chapter 5]

Galster, George. 2012. [Metropolitan Portraits] Driving Detroit: The Quest for Respect in the Motor City. Philadelphia, PA, USA: University of Pennsylvania Press. (Ch. 10. "What Drives Detroiters?" and Ch. 11. "From Motown to Mortropolis"; see also Ch. 2: "Sculpting Detroit: Polity and Economy Trump Geology") [ebrary]

also:

see also:
Maynard, Micheline. 2004. The end of Detroit : how the Big Three lost their grip on the American car market. New York: Currency/Doubleday. [browse the book contents for one perspective on the US auto industry] [ebrary]

SEMCOGDetroit Water and Sewerage Department •Detroit Metropolitan Area Regional Planning Commission papers (online historical copies) • a summary of the 1960s Doxiadis Associates plan for Detroit
Detroit Economic Growth Corporation • Detroit Regional ChamberCity of Detroit: Local Economic Development Division
Detroit Works Project • the FrameworkThe Economic Growth Element: The Equitable City

 

Nov 19: Presentation (Josh, Alyson, Jordan)

NO response paper assigned for this short module

 

Nov 21 - Dec 5: New Regionalism, Global-regions; International Cases of Regional Planning (MODULE 7)


This module addresses three themes: (A) the impact of globalization on metropolitan/regional development (including the rise of "global city-regions"); and (B) the role of regional planning outside the United States; (C) patterns of "new regionalism"

Nov 21: Globalization's Impact on Regional Planning and Development (including the rise of "global city-regions) in the US and Asia
Scott, Allen. 'Globalization and the Rise of City-Regions' GaWC Research Bulletin 26 (Z). html
Sugden, R. and J.R. Wilson. 'Globalisation, the New Economy and Regionalisation' GaWC Research Bulletin 70 (A) html
Scott, Allen J., John Agnew, Edward W. Soja, and Michael Storper. 1999. "Global City-Regions." (Conference Theme Paper). Global City-Regions Conference, UCLA.
Sassen, Saskia. 2009. The Global City Perspective: Theoretical Implications for Shanghai. in Shanghai Rising : State Power and Local Transformations in a Global Megacity. (Chen, Xiangming , editor). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. [Ch. 1] [ebrary]


Nov 26: European Integration and regional development in Europe
Klaus Kunzmann. 2006. The Europeanization of Spatial Planning, in Adams, Neil (Editor). Regional Development and Spatial Planning in an Enlarged European Union. Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Ashgate Publishing Group. (Chapter 3) [ebrary]
Taylor, P.J. 'Regionality within Globalization: What Does it Mean for Europe?'GaWC Research Bulletin 35 (Z) html
Krätke, S. The Metropolization of the European Urban and Regional System GaWC Research Bulletin 193 html
Albrechts, Louis, Patsy Healey, Klaus R Kunzmann. 2003. Strategic spatial planning and regional governance in Europe. Journal of the American Planning Association.Vol.69, Iss. 2 (Spring):  113 - 129
Faludi, Andrea, "The Megalopolis, the Blue Banana, and Global Economic Integration Zones in European Planning Thought," in Ross, Catherine L.(ed.). 2009. Megaregions : Planning for Global Competitiveness. Covelo, CA, USA: Island Press. [ebrary]

see also:
Amin, Ash and Nigel Thrift. 1999. Institutional issues for the European regions From markets and plans to socioeconomics and powers of association. in Gertler, Meric S., and Trevor J. Barnes (eds). 1999. New Industrial Geography : Regions, Regulations and Institutions. Florence, KY, USA: Routledge. [selected chapters] [ebrary]
Otgaar, Alexander, Leo Van Den Berg, and Jan Van Der Meer. 2008. Empowering Metropolitan Regions Through New Forms of Cooperation : Cross-Border and Cross-Sector Partnerships in European Regions. Abingdon, Oxon, , GBR: Ashgate Publishing Group.[selected chapters] [ebrary]
Bvrzel, Tanja. 2001. States and Regions in the European Union : Institutional Adaptation in Germany and Spain. West Nyack, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. [selected chapters] [ebrary]

Dec 3: The Rise of "New Regionalism"
Wheeler, Stephen. 2002. The new regionalism: Key characteristics of an emerging movement. Journal of the American Planning Association 68, (3): 267.
Brenner, Neil. 2002. Decoding the newest "Metropolitan regionalism" in the USA: A critical overview. Cities: 3-21.
Jonas, Andrew E.G. 2012. Region and place: Regionalism in question. Progress in Human Geography 36(2) 263–272.
Wallis, Allan D. 2010, New Regionalism, in Encyclopedia of Urban Studies. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Storper, Michael. 1999. The resurgence of regional economics Ten years later. in Gertler, Meric S., and Trevor J. Barnes (eds). 1999. New Industrial Geography : Regions, Regulations and Institutions. Florence, KY, USA: Routledge. [Ch 2] [ebrary]


see also:
Scott, James W. 2009. Systemic Transformation and the Implementation of New Regionalist Paradigms: experiences of central Europe and la tin am erica, in Scott, James W. (Editor). De-Coding New Regionalism : Shifting Socio-Political Contexts in Central Europe and Latin America. Abingdon, Oxon, , GBR: Ashgate Publishing Group. [chapter 2] [ebrary]
Fujita, Masahisa, Paul Krugman, and Anthony J. Venables. 1999. Spatial Economy : Cities, Regions and International Trade. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press. [ebrary]
Knox, Paul L. 2008. Metroburbia, USA. New Brunswick, NJ, USA: Rutgers University Press. [ebrary]
New Regional Development Paradigms Vol. 2 : New Regions - Concepts, Issues & Practices. 2001. Westport, CT, USA: Greenwood Press. [ebrary]
Mani, Devyani. 2001. New Regional Development Paradigms Vol. 3 : Decentralization, Governance & the New Planning for Local-Level Development. Westport, CT, USA: Greenwood Press. [ebrary]


additional background readings
Storper, Michael. 1997. The Regional World: Territorial Development in a Global Economy. New York: Guilford Press. (excerpt: Chapter 8, "The Regional World: Territorial Development in a Global Economy", pp. 195-220).
Scott, Allen, ed. 2001. Global City-Regions: Trends Theory, Prospects. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. (introduction)
Stren, Richard. 2001. Local Governance and Social Diversity in the Developing World: New Challenges for Globalizing City-Regions. In Global City-Regions: Trends Theory, Prospects. edited by A. Scott. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Markusen, Ann and Karen Chapple. 2001. "High-Tech and I-Tech: How Metros Rank and Specialize" html | pdf
Arndt, Michael ; Thomas Gawron; Petra Jahnke. 2000. Regional policy through co-operation: From urban forum to urban network. Urban Studies; Vo. 37 (11): 1903 - 1923.
Two Dragon Heads : Contrasting Development Paths for Beijing and Shanghai. 2009. Herndon, VA, USA: World Bank Publications. [selected chapters] [ebrary]


Dec 5:   GLOBAL GROUP PRESENTATION: Global Regions / International Regional Planning (Evan J., Cheng)

 


Response Paper 5 •
due Friday Dec 6 (by the end of the day)

(a) This course has focused on examples of U.S. regional planning and metropolitan politics.  As a result, readings have emphasized city-suburban inequality, especially along racial lines; the relative lack of formal, comprehensive regional planning institutions; the resistance of local home rule to regionalism; school funding gaps between city and suburb; the tensions between economic, environmental and social equity priorities in a region; and the importance of semi-autonomous regional authorities / special purpose districts.  In a comparative international perspective, to what extent are these problems universal themes of regional planning or instead specific to the American context?  (In answering the question, you may find it useful to use a specific example of regional planning/development outside the U.S.) 

 (b) Looking backwards, the industrial revolution fundamentally reconfigured the structure of metropolitan regions and the relationship between city and hinterland within the region.  Looking forward, to what extent can one connect the current processes of globalization to the changing social, political, economic and/or physical structure of metropolitan regions?  Discuss how regionalists can use concepts and insights from the globalization literature to understand the new American region and where it is headed in the future. 

 

 

 

Dec 10: Course Synthesis

This last session will provide an opportunity to link common themes from the presentations and develop a set of principles for good regional planning and governance.

TASK: Each student is to come to class with a one-page sheet (with enough copies for the class) of 5-7 lessons / principles about regional planning and development. (Format: a numbered list; each lesson / principle should be one or several sentences long.) If useful, you might also include a map, diagram, or illustration.