Philosophy 366           Political Philosophy                Darwall                       Winter 2002




I.          “Prisoner’s Dilemma” and the “War of All Against All”



II.                Setting up Political Authority: From the First to the Second Law of Nature.


A.     Covenant and the 3rd Law of Nature

B.     Covenants entail Obligations (by definition)

C.     What Gives Covenants “Normative Force  i.e., what grounds the 3rd law?

D.    Hobbes’s Reply to “the fool”


III.       Establishing Political Authority


A.     Need for confederates

B.     Instabilty of confederacy

C.     Solution to the SN: mutual covenant to obey one man or body=the Sovereign