Fluoride releasing varnishes (F-varnish) are used in dentistry primarily for caries prevention and reduction of dentin hypersensitivity. The mechanism of action and thus the optimal parameters for this therapy is not known. Objective: to investigate the relationship between fluoride released into the surrounding solution from an F-varnish, the fluoride taken up by an untreated hydroxyapatite (HA) disc in that solution, and the fluoride uptake by the HA disc that had the varnish applied. Method: HA discs received a layer of F-varnish of known mass. These disks were allowed to stand for 2min then immersed in stirred saliva-like solution (SLS) for (30, 60, 120 or 180min). During the exposure 0.5 mL aliquots of the SLS were collected for F analysis at different time points (1 to 180min). The varnish was removed with acetone and the fluoride taken up by the disk was extracted three times in 1mL HClO4 (0.5mol/L). The HClO4 extraction solutions were neutralized with NaOH/TISAB and analyzed for fluoride by fluoride ion-selective electrode (F-ISE). The aliquots of SLS taken over time were also analyzed via F-ISE. Unvarnished disks that had been placed in the 180min solution and a blank control disk were extracted and the solutions analyzed for fluoride. These experiments were repeated in triplicate for two different NaF containing F-varnishes. Result: The fluoride deposited on the F-varnish treated disks was dependent on the length of time the F-varnish was on the disk. F-varnish-A (y=0.012*time; R2=0.9996); F-varnish-B (y=0.047*time; r2=0.9584); the cumulative amount released increased asymptotically over time for both F-varnishes. The relationship between F-released and F-deposited had a positive slope but was different for the two F-varnishes. F-deposited on disks adjacent to the F-varnished disks was not measurable. Conclusion: F-released may be a good predictor of the F-deposited on the treated surface.
Keywords: Caries, Enamel, F-Releasing Varnish, Fluoride and Prophylaxis
See more of: Cariology Research - Fluoride and Ca-based Products