Methods: Of the 930 participating athletes only 443 received a dental examination, and 377 were from Latin-American countries. Forty for trained and standardized dentists performed dental screenings of athletes with intellectual disabilities, following Special Smiles (SS) and CDC criteria. These criteria were used to record untreated decay, missing and filled teeth and others. Socio-demographics, pain and oral hygiene habits were assessed by questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using EPI-INFO and SPSS Program to produce descriptive statistics.
Results: Mean age of athletes was 24 years. Sixty seven percent were male. Untreated decay was found in 55.5 % of the participants. Missing and filled teeth were found in 34.5% and 56.2% of the participants respectively. More than 50% of participants had gingival signs of gums disease and 52% needed preventive mouth guards. Statistics for each Latin-American country suggests a similar trend of dental decay and treatment needs.
The data presents a population with specific needs and dental disease. Preventive treatment should be encouraged as a public policy in order to meet the needs of patients with intellectual disabilities. (Supported by the Special Smiles Special Olympics Program).
Keywords: Epidemiology and special needs
See more of: Behavioral, Epidemiologic, and Health Services Research