"It is time; high time!"Alexander III 1886
Here is a letter from Czar Alezander III to his son Nicholas II
Your Imperial Highness
Having given the order to build a continuous line of railway across
which is to unite the rich Siberian provinces with the railway
- First state railroads had
lines to the Urals for raw materials and to the black earth region for agricultural
- A line was then erected to the Caspian sea in order to transport crude oil from Baku, Azerbaijan.
- In the 1840's Nicholas I drew a straight line between Moscow and St. Petersburg (bypassing
all of the other towns) which is now referred to as the Nicholas
Railroad or the Red Arrow.
Construction of Circumbaikal
- 640 km long, 100 km wide and almost a mile deep, Lake Baikal presented
a break in the linearity of the Trans-Siiberian. People were intially
ferried across (modelled after the similar cross of Lake Michigan betweenWisconsin and Michigan) while a rail line was diverted around the Baikal’s
Russian railroad expansion is indelibly linked with the history of Russian industrialization. Railroads offered the communicative capacities necessary for any modern empire. The vast lines were used to transport natural resources, supplies and goods for distribution throughout the empire and for export, and also served to solidify and maintain the majority of Russia's eastern
expansion. This is invariably true for the parts of Siberia we know today to be in Russia's sphere. However, building railway tracks across Manchuria to Vladivostok (which shorted the rideby 600Km) and down to Port Arthur did not maintain a lasting hold on the region.
When the Japanese had attacked
Russia's holds on Machuria in 1905, the Trans-Siberian
railroad was the only means by land mean of transporting and supplying
the troops. Unfortunately, it was still a one track rail with a break of
unfinished tracks around Lake Baikal. Anyone can see from the crude drawings
on the map that Russia was in a far worse position tactically. Needless
to say, the Russians lost the war.