31 July 1998

Raymond Tanter is Professor of Political Science and Research Associate at the Middle East Center at the University of Michigan. He teaches courses on the Arab-Israeli Conflict, International Security Affairs, and Ballistic Missile Defense. After receiving a Ph.D. from Indiana University in 1964, he taught at Northwestern, Stanford, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He was a Fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford and the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington. He was a Fulbright Scholar, University of Amsterdam. In 1975, Tanter spent a month as Scholar-in-Residence at the American Embassy, Tokyo, lecturing on petroleum interruption scenarios.

In 1967, Tanter was Deputy Director of Behavioral Sciences at the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the U.S. Department of Defense and a member of the Civilian Executive Panel, Chief of Naval Operations. He served at the White House on the National Security Council staff, 1981-1982. In 1983-1984, he was Personal Representative of the Secretary of Defense to arms control talks in Madrid, Helsinki, Stockholm, and Vienna. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and its Economic Sanctions Task Force.

Tanter's most recent book is Rogue Regimes: Terrorism and Proliferation, (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998). The book treats Iran, Iraq, Libya, Syria, Cuba, and North Korea. A January 1999 revised paperback edition takes into account the rise of freelance terrorists and proliferators who often collude with rogue regimes and failed states. "In a forest of world politics, the West slew a dying Soviet bear, and Washington sees additional beasts hiding in the woods--rogue elephants. The book compares European efforts to embrace states like Iran with American efforts to isolate them."

Coauthored with Dr. John Psarouthakis, Tanter's next book is Balancing in the Balkans (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999). "When there is a balance of power among parties in conflict, diplomatic persuasion is an option available to outside actors; but if there is an imbalance of power, interventionists might use coercive diplomacy." The manuscript compares European attempts to persuade the local parties in the Balkans with American efforts to coerce them. The book uses interviews conducted in Belgrade, Bonn, London, Paris, Sarajevo, and Zagreb.

Prior publications include Theory and policy in International Relations. Modeling and Managing International Conflicts: The Berlin Crises. Rational Decision-Making: Israel's Decisions, 1967. Who's at the Helm? Lessons of Lebanon.