EsherDr. Raymond De Vries

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Provide the following information for the key personnel and other significant contributors in the order listed on Form Page 2.
Follow this format for each person.  DO NOT EXCEED FOUR PAGES.


De Vries, Raymond Gene

Bioethics/Medical Education/Obstetrics and Gynecology


EDUCATION/TRAINING (Begin with baccalaureate or other initial professional education, such as nursing, and include postdoctoral training.)


(if applicable)



Westmont College, Santa Barbara, California




University of California, Davis




University of California, Davis




A.  Positions and Honors.

1980–1980        Lecturer, Department of Sociology, University of California, Davis, non-tenured, part-time
1980–1981        Consultant, California Dept. of Consumer Affairs, Sacramento, CA, full-time temporary
1981–1983        Assistant Professor, Gordon College, Wenham, MA, non-tenured, full-time
1983–1988        Associate Professor and Chair, Westmont College, Santa Barbara, non-tenured, full-time
1988–2005        Professor, St. Olaf College, Northfield, MN, tenured, full-time
1999–2005        Senior Fellow, Center for Bioethics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
2003–2004        Member, School of Social Science, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ
2006–2009        Associate Professor, Bioethics/Medical Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
2009–present    Professor, Bioethics/Medical Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI


Professional Societies

1995–present              American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities
1982–present              The Hastings Center
1978–present              American Sociological Association
1988–present              Midwest Sociological Society

B.  Selected peer-reviewed publications


  1. De Vries R. Creating a safe haven for ethical deliberation. Pp. 210-216 in Ethical Challenges in Managed Care: a Casebook. Gervais K, Priester R, Vawter D, Otte K, Solberg M (eds). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1999.
  2. De Vries R. Midwifery in the Netherlands: vestige or vanguard? In Daughters of time: the shifting identities of contemporary midwives. Davis-Floyd R, Cosminsky S, Pigg SL, (eds.)Medical Anthropology 2001;20(2-4):277-311.
  3. De Vries R. The fact of bioethics: a comment on Peter Singer. Society 2001;38(5):36-40.
  4. De Vries R. Challenging normality: Dutch Obstetric Science. Discovering normality in health and the reproductive body.  Proceedings of a workshop held at the Program of African Studies, Northwestern University, March 9-10, 2001, Caroline Bledsoe (ed), 2002:19-49.
  5. De Vries R & Forsberg C. Who decides? The composition and workloads of IRBs. Healthcare Ethics Forum 2002;14(3):252-258.
  6. De Vries R & Forsberg C. What do IRBs look like? What kind of support do they receive? Accountability in Research 2002;9(3-4):199-216.
  7. De Vries R. What does culture have to do with heath care? Society 2003;40(3):42-48.
  8. van Teijlingen E, Sandall J, Wrede S, Benoit C, Bourgeault IL & De Vries R. Comparative studies in maternity care. Midwives 2003;6(8):338-340.
  9. Kater L, Houtepen R, De Vries R & Widdershoven G. Health care ethics and health law in the Dutch discussion on end-of-life decisions: a historical analysis of the dynamics and development of both disciplines. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 2003;20:669-684.
  10. De Vries R. The warp of evidence-based medicine: lessons from Dutch maternity care. International Journal of Health Services Research 2004;34(4):595-623.
  11. De Vries R. How can we help? From ‘Sociology in’ Bioethics to ‘Sociology of’ Bioethics. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 2004;32(2):279-292.
  12. Bosk CL & De Vries R. Bureaucracies of mass deception: IRBs and the ethics of ethnographic research. Annals of the Academy of Political and Social Science 2004;595(1):249-263.
  13. De Vries R, DeBruin D & Goodgame A. First do no harm: Institutional Review Boards and Behavioral Health Research. Ethics and Behavior 2004;14(3):351-368.
  14. De Vries R and Bosk CL. The bioethics of business: rethinking the relationship between bioethics consultants and corporate clients. Hastings Center Report 2004;34(5):28-32.
  15. Martinson BC, Anderson MS & De Vries R. Scientists behaving badly. Nature 2005;435(9):737-738.
  16. De Vries R. Framing neuroethics: a sociological assessment of the neuroethical imagination. American Journal of Bioethics 2005;5(2):25.
  17. Benoit C, Wrede S, Bourgeault I, Sandall J, De Vries R & van Teijlingen E. Understanding the social organization of maternity care systems: midwifery as a touchstone. Sociology of Health and Illness 2005;27(6):722-737.
  18. De Vries R, Turner L, Orfali K, Bosk C. Social science and bioethics: The way forward. Sociology of Health and Illness 2006;28(6):665-667.
  19. Wrede S, Benoit C, Bourgeault IL, van Teijlingen ER, Sandall J, De Vries R. Decentred comparative research: context sensitive analysis of maternal health care. Social Science and Medicine 2006;63:286-299.
  20. Prehn AW, Vawter DE, Gervais KG, De Vries RG, Garrett JE, Freeman TB, McIndoo TQ. Studying neurosurgical implants for Parkinson disease: A question of design. Neurology 2006;67:1503-1505.
  21. De Vries R and Elliott C. Why Disclose?  Journal of General Internal Medicine 2006;21:1003-1004.
  22. De Vries R, Martinson B, and Anderson MS. Normal misbehavior: Scientists talk about the ethics of research.  Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 2006;1(1):43-50.
  23. De Vries R and Lemmens T. The subjectivity of objective evidence: The social and cultural shaping of medical evidence. Social Science and Medicine 2006;62(11):2694-2706.
  24. Martinson B, Anderson MS, Crain AL, De Vries R. Scientists’ perceptions of organizational justice and self-reported misbehaviors. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 2006;1(1):51-66.
  25. De Vries R, Turner L, Orfali K, Bosk C. Social science and bioethics: Morality from the ground up. Clinical Ethics 2007;2:33-35.
  26. De Vries R. Firing the neuroethical imagination. EMBO Reports 2007;8:S65-69.
    1. Anderson MS, Horn AS, Risbey KR, Ronning EA, De Vries R, Martinson BC. Research ethics training, mentoring, and behaviors that may compromise the integrity of science: results from a national survey of NIH-funded scientists. Academic Medicine 2007;82(9):853-860.
  27. De Vries C and De Vries R. Childbirth education for the 21st century: An immodest proposal. Journal of Perinatal Education 2007;16(4):34-48.
  28. Anderson MS, Ronning EA, De Vries R, Martinson BC. Normative dissonance in science: Results from a national survey of US scientists. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 2007;2(4):3-14.
  29. Anderson MS, Martinson BC, and De Vries R. The perverse effects of competition on scientists. Science and Engineering Ethics 2007;13(4): 437-461.
  30. P. Borry and  R. DeVries, “Empirisch onderzoek in de gezondheidsethiek. (Empirical research in health care ethics). Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidszorg en Ethiek (Journal for health care and ethics) 18(3), 2008: 90-94.
  31. Mansooreh Saniei and R. De Vries, “Embryonic stem cell research in Iran: status and ethics.” Indian Journal of Medical Ethics 5(4), 2008: 181-184.
  32. R. De Vries, N. Berlinger, and W. Cadge “Lost in translation: the chaplain’s role in health care. Hastings Center Report, 38(6), 2008: 23-27.
  33. R. De Vries and S. Kim, “Editorial Introduction: Bioethics and the sociology of trust.”  Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy. 11(4), 2008: 377-79.
  34. R. De Vries and C. Keirns, “Does money make bioethics go ‘round?”  American Journal of Bioethics. 8(8), 2008: 65-67.
  35. Teijlingen van, E.R., Wrede, S., Benoit, C., Sandall, J., De Vries, R. (2009) Born in the USA: Exceptionalism in Maternity Care Organisation Among High-Income Countries Sociological Research Online, 14 (1) Online journal, web address:
  36. S. Kim, P. Ubel, R. De Vries, Pruning the regulatory tree.” Nature. 457 (29 January 2009): 534-535.
  37. R. De Vries, “Why can’t we all just get along? A comment on Turner’s plea to social scientists and bioethicists.” Cambridge Quarterly of Health Care Ethics. 18 (1), 2009: 43-46.


Chapters in books

  1. De Vries R.  “Midwifery and the Problem of Licensure.”  In Julius Roth (ed.) Research in the Sociology of Health Care, Volume 2: The Changing Structure of Health Care Occupations.  Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press.  1982: 77-120.
  2. De Vries R.  “The Division of Labor: A cross-national view of the status of midwives.”  In Elianne Riska (ed.), Gender and the Division of Labor in Medicine.  Sage Publications: Beverly Hills, CA, 1993.
  3. De Vries R.  “The Place of the Midwife: An International Comparison of the Status of Midwives.”  Pp. 159-174 in S.F. Murray, ed., International Midwifery Perspectives.  New York: Times/Mosby.  1996.
  4. De Vries R.  and Rebeca Barroso. “Midwives among the machines: reinventing midwifery in the 20th century.”    Pp. 248-272 in H. Marland and S. Rafferty (eds.), Midwives, Society and Childbirth: Debates and controversies in the modern period. London: Routledge, 1997.
  5. De Vries R.  and Renée Fox.  “Afterword: the sociology of bioethics.”  Pp. 270-276 in R De Vries and J Subedi (eds.), Bioethics and Society: Sociological Investigations of the Bioethical Enterprise.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1998.
  6. De Vries R.  and  Peter Conrad.  “Why bioethics needs sociology.” Pp. 233-257 in R De Vries and J Subedi (eds.), Bioethics and Society: Sociological Investigations of the Bioethical Enterprise.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1998.
  7. De Vries R.  “Midwifery: The Trap of Legal Recognition.” In E. van Teijlingen, G. Lowis, P. McCaffery, and M. Porter (eds.), Midwifery and the Medicalization of Childbirth: Comparative Perspectives. Commack, NY: Nova Science, 1999.
  8. De Vries R.  Creating a safe haven for ethical deliberation. Pp. 210-216 in Gervais K,  Priester R, Vawter D,  Otte K, & Solberg M (eds.), Ethical Challenges in Managed Care: a Casebook. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1999.
  9. De Vries R, Salvesen H, Wiegers T, & Williams AS. What (and why) do women want?  The desires of women and the design of maternity care.. In De Vries R, Wrede S, van Teijlingen E, & Benoit C. (eds.), Birth by Design: Maternity Care in a Social and Cultural Perspective.  New York: Routledge, 2001.
  10. De Vries R, Declercq E, Viisainen K, Salvesen K, & Wrede S. Where to give birth?  Politics and the place     of birth. Pp. 7-27 in De Vries R, Wrede S, van Teijlingen E, & Benoit C. (eds.), Birth by Design: Maternity Care in a Social and Cultural Perspective, New York: Routledge,2001.
  11. De Vries R, Wrede S, van Teijlingen E, Benoit C & Declercq E.  Making Maternity Care: The Consequences of Culture for Health Care Systems. Pp. 213-235 in: Comparing Cultures, Dimensions of Culture in a Comparative Perspective. Henk Vinken, Joseph Soeters and Peter Ester (eds.) Leiden, NL: Koninklijke Brill B.V., 2004.
  12. R. De Vries, “(Bio)Ethics and evidence: from collaboration to co-operation.” In C. Gastmans, K. Dierickx, H. Nys, P. Schotsmans (eds.), New Pathways for European Bioethics. Brussels: Intersentia. 2007.
  13. R. De Vries, T. Wiegers, B. Smulders, and E. van Teijlingen, “The Dutch Obstetrical System: Vanguard of the Future in Maternity Care.” In Birth Models That Work.  R. Davis-Floyd, L. Barclay, J. Tritten, and B. A. Daviss (eds.), Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008, in press.
  14. R. De Vries, L. Kane Low, E. Bogdan-Lovis, “Choosing Surgical Birth: Desire and the Nature of Bioethical Advice.” Pp. 42-64 in  H. Lindemann, M. Verkerk and M. Urban Walker (eds.) Naturalized Bioethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

1. Dingwall R,  Murphy E, Bourgeault I, & De Vries R (eds.).  Qualitative Methods in Health Research, London and Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2009, in production.
2. De Vries R, Bosk C, Turner L & Orfali K. (eds.). The view from here: Social Science and Bioethics. London: Blackwell, 2006.
3. De Vries R.  A Pleasing Birth: Midwifery and Maternity Care in the Netherlands. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2005; Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2005.
4. De Vries R, Wrede S, van Teijlingen E, & Benoit C. (eds.).Birth by Design: Pregnancy, Maternity Care, and Midwifery in North America and Europe.  New York: Routledge, 2001.
5. De Vries R & Subedi J. (eds.).  Bioethics and Society: Constructing the Ethical Enterprise.  Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1998.
6. De Vries R.Making Midwives Legal: Childbirth, Medicine, and the Law.  Columbus: Ohio State University Press. 1995.
7. De Vries R.  Regulating Birth: Midwives, Medicine, and the Law. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1985.

C.  Research Support
Ongoing Research Support
G13LM008781  De Vries (PI)                                     05/01/07–04/30/10
National Library of Medicine (Publication Grant)
Medicine and Medical Research in the Age of Bioethics
A critical social history of bioethics.
Role:  Principal Investigator

UL1RR024986  Clauw (PI)                                         07/17/07–05/31/12
National Institutes of Health
Translational Research Ethics and Integrity Program (TREIP) Consultative Unit
University of Michigan Clinical and Translational Science Award (UM CTSA)
The development of new ways to integrate ethics with translational research.
Role:  Co-investigator

R01AG029550  Kim (PI)                                            09/15/07–06/30/11
National Institute On Aging
Ethics of Surrogate Consent for Dementia Research
The results of this project will inform the work of research ethics policymakers, policy-implementers (such as IRBs), researchers in their recruitment of incapacitated subjects, and family members who may act as surrogates for research consent.
Role:  Co-Investigator

R01NS062770 Kim (PI)                                              03/01/09–02/28/13
Therapeutic Misconception and the Ethics of Sham Surgery Controls in PD Research
An investigation of research subjects’ understanding of research protocols, with an emphasis on how hope for therapeutic benefit is balanced with the reality of clinical trials.
Role:  Co-investigator

59964 Hayward (PI)                                                   07/01/08–06/30/10
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation                                        
Clinical Scholars Program
Training grant in translational research for clinician-investigators.
Role:  Co-investigator

1R21GM087231-01 Anderson (PI)                            05/01/09-04/30/11
Integrity in International Research Collaborations
A study of the threats to research integrity that arise in international collaborations.
Role: Co-investigator