Paul F. Schaffner

6456 Hollowtree Ct
Saline, MI 48176-9797
E-mail: PFSchaffner{at}umich{dot}edu
Phone: 734/429·0106 (home)

Digital Library Production Service
316 Hatcher Graduate Library North
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI 48109-1190
Phone: 734/647·1824
Fax: 734/647·6897
Library, Wm. Atkinson Hall
Jackson Community College
2111 Emmons Rd., Jackson, MI 49201
Phone: 517/796·8622
Fax: 517/796·8623

summary | employment | education | activities | publications | memberships | teaching | languages


  • Academic librarian (MLS) with specializations in electronic text and resources mgt., archives, and cataloguing.
  • Manages several significant SGML/XML-based digital conversion and publishing projects, with total budgets of $15+ million.
  • Actively engaged with developments in both humanities computing and humanities scholarship, serving often as public face of Michigan's text-based digitization of materials in the humanities.
  • Frequent consultant to library-based digitization efforts and similar projects elsewhere.
  • Experienced project manager and unit supervisor, accustomed to negotiating the group dynamics of collaborative enterprises.
  • Draws on diverse professional experience as librarian at university, community college, and church library levels, including work as reference librarian, cataloguer, selector, and etext production manager.
  • Draws on diverse personal interests, e.g. in text processing; linguistics; early books; children's literature; and the history of technology and material culture.
  • Experience outside the library as cataloguer, lexicographer, editor, researcher, writer, teacher, and designer.
  • Broadly educated, especially in western European languages, literature, and the humanities (Cornell Ph.D., Cambridge M.A.)


(» = present positions)
» Head of electronic text production (rank: Associate Librarian [1999-2003], Senior Associate Librarian [2004- ]), University of Michigan Libraries. Associate Editor, Middle English Compendium; Production Mgr, EEBO/Evans/ECCO Text Creation Partnership (TCP) (Nov. 1999-present).
Manage the analysis, production, and review of 30,000+ SGML/XML-encoded books for online distribution, including the contents of the Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse (CME), the American Verse Project, and the text corpora produced under the aegis of the Text Creation Partnerships (TCP), viz. Early English Books Online (EEBO), Evans Early American Imprints (Evans) and the text component of Eighteenth-Century Collections Online (ECCO). Manage relations with multiple vendors, analyze prospective projects, create and maintain specifications and standards, create and manage workflow systems, metadata, and tracking databases. Manage the completion, repair, and maintenance of the electronic Middle English Dictionary and Hyperbibliography of Middle English, and other text conversion projects, such as Knight's American Mechanical Dictionary online. Supervise the staff and create the processes and procedures of the electronic text production group. Maintain contact with similar projects and advancers of the art.

Production Coordinator (rank: Assistant Librarian), Middle English Compendium, Univ. of Michigan Libraries. (Oct. 1997-Oct 1999)
Manage the editing, encoding, and code-proofing process leading to a digital SGML-encoded version of the 15,000-page Middle English Dictionary together with an expanded hyperbibliography of Middle English in digital form.

» Head Technical Services Librarian, Jackson Community College, Jackson County, Michigan (September 1996-September 2011)
Conduct all cataloguing and holdings-maintenance, supervise materials processing and inventory control for a small (40,000-title) academic library. Original- and copy-catalogue (OCLC/Dynix/Horizon/Symphony) items in all formats, including monographs, serials, AV and computer media, government documents, and archival materials. Manage course reserves. Serve as selector for fine arts, art history, geography, philosophy, religion, and (formerly also) electronics and related trades. Plan, create, and maintain historical archives; create draft library web page; staff the reference desk and perform system trouble-shooting as needed; serve as library's representative, e.g. on Operations Committee, in planning facilities upgrade with InfoTech division, and in implementing automation-system migration with consortium members; etc.

Review Editor, Middle English Dictionary, University of Michigan (July-Sept 1997)
Associate Research Editor, Middle English Dictionary, University of Michigan (1993-1997)
Assistant Research Editor, Middle English Dictionary, University of Michigan (1989-93)
Analyze linguistic corpora in several languages; perform primary research into often obscure technical vocabulary on diverse subjects; write definitions and etymologies; compose dictionary entries; edit for elegance and concision and to conform to house style; select illustrative quotations; instruct junior editors in procedures; revise the work of other staff lexicographers for publication--all under strict deadlines, in a genuinely collaborative environment. Participate in the larger world of scholarship through conference papers, reviews, articles, peer-reviewing, as well as less formal exchanges.

Lecturer in English, University of Michigan, Medieval Research Colloquium (1992).
Assistant Professor of English (sabbatical replacement), Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York (1988-89).
Teaching Assistant, Program in Medieval Studies, Cornell University (1984-87).
Create, develop, and prepare courses, teach, tutor, etc., in a variety of humanities subjects, for both graduate and undergraduate students. Edit essays and prepare materials. Work on policy committees.

Research Assistant, Soviet Studies Committee, Cornell University (1988).
Research and prepare briefing materials on institutional policies and programs.

Research Assistant, Fiske Icelandic Collection, Olin Library, Cornell University (1988).
Research Assistant, Special Collections, Olin Library, Cornell University (1987).
Research and prepare rare-books exhibit; serve as consultant and digital type designer for multilingual publications; edit and prepare manuscripts for publication.

Industrial materials cataloguer, Purchasing Computerization Project, Ideal Basic Industries, Denver, CO (1981-82).
Supervise a working group devoted to centralizing and computerizing the purchasing system of a major industrial corporation.

Librarian [library-designer and cataloguer], American Board of Missions, Orangeburg, NY (1979-80).
Solely responsible for creating a professionally catalogued library from scratch.


M.I.L.S. University of Michigan, School of Information, August 1996.
Specializations: electronic document management; archives management; academic librarianship
Ph.D. Cornell University, 1990: Medieval Studies (M.A. Cornell, 1986).
Specializations: English, French, Norse, and Welsh philology
M.A. Cambridge University, 1984: Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic (B.A. Cantab., 1981).
Specializations: palaeography, codicology, Latin, Celtic & Germanic languages
B.A. Haverford College, 1979: English major.
Course-work, Bryn Mawr College, 1975-79; Graduate course-work, University of Penn., 1977-78.


2012- Elected member, TEI-C Technical Council.
2012 Member of the planning committee Folger Digital Folio project (of Renaissance drama), Folger Shakespeare Library.
2012 Member of the advisory board ABBOT project, University of Nebraska Lincoln.
2011 Metadata consultant [separately] to Apex CoVantage (data conversion firm) and to JISC Historic Texts portal.
2010-11 Co-convener, three workshops designed to introduce XML-based TEI encoding to (respectively) library staff, library-school students, and grad students in comparative literature and English.
2009 Participant, closing panel on Trends in the TEI Community, TEI Members' Meeting, Ann Arbor Michigan, November 2009.
2009 Speaker, "Speed Dating, or what Paleo(typo)graphy Means to Me," roundtable in honor of Professor James J. John, 44th Annual Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, Michigan, May 2009.
2008-2009 Elected member, TEI-C Technical Council.
2008-2009 JCC representative, LIS-migration team.
2007 Presenter, "Text, Tools, and Typists," TEI Members' Meeting, University of Maryland, College Park, November 2007
2004 Speaker on managment and character-capture issues, to Oxford faculty and staff, by invitation of Oxford University Computing Services (OUCS), Banbury Road, Oxford, September 2004.
2001 Presenter, "The Corpus of Middle English and the Michigan way," biennial conference of the Dictionary Society of North America, Ann Arbor, Michigan, May 2001.
2000-2001 Consultant on digital text conversion, Bywgraffiadur project, Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru (National Library of Wales), Aberystwyth, 2000-01, especially September 2000.
2000 Participant, Workshop on encoding standards for electronic theses and dissertations, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, May 2000.
2000 Presenter, "Electronic Publishing: the Production Perspective," Thirty-fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, May 2000.
2000 Panelist, "Glossarial Databases of Middle English: Past, Present Future," Thirty-fifth International Congress on Medieval Studies, Western Michigan University, May 2000.
1999 Presenter, "Middle English Resources on line: Performance, Prospects, and Desiderata," International Medieval Congress, University of Leeds, July 1999.
1999 Presenter and panelist, Colloquium on Digital Publishing Solutions, St. Edmund Hall, Oxford University, May 1999.
1998-2000 Consultant on digital dictionary conversion, Scottish National Dictionary Association (SNDA), Edinburgh.
1999 Consultant on digital dictionary conversion, Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE), Madison, Wisconsin.
1997-2005 Church-library cataloguer, Ann Arbor, Mich. Cataloguer (DDC) for 4000-title library.
1997 Cover-art designer for A Guide to Editing Middle English (Univ. of Michigan Press).
1997-98 Web-page designer of prototype Public-information home page for the Learning Resouces Center of Jackson Community College.
1996-99 Web-page designer and maintainer of Parents' and Youth Pages for Ann Arbor Public Library Youth Department, one of the 1998 ALA "top fifty web sites for children" (publication assumed by library 3/31/99).
1996-7 Web-page designer and maintainer for the Midwest SGML Forum, a group devoted to the interchange of information on the use of SGML for print-based and electronic publishing.
1996 DTD-developer for statistical data archive codebooks, Data Documentation Initiative (DDI), an international project sponsored by the International Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR).
1995-1996 Researcher and SGML encoder, Humanities Text Initiative, University of Michigan Libraries, a large-scale project in the dissemination of electronic texts in the humanities.
1995 Web-page designer for NewJour e-journals archive
1994-1996 Reference Librarian and founding member, Internet Public Library, University of Michigan SILS.
1993-1995 Unanimously elected to Advisory Committee (Middle English Dictionary).
1991 Digital font designer, Middle English Dictionary.
1991 Consultant (unpaid) on Welsh texts, University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.
1985-1989 Church librarian, Lansing, New York.
1988 Digital font designer for several multilingual publishing projects, including the Ordbog over det norrøne prosasprog (Copenhagen).
1985-1988 System designer for shared teaching resources, Medieval Studies program (Cornell).
Awarded Andrew D. White Fellowship and renewal; George Lincoln Burr Fellowship and Graduate Humanities Fellowship (Cornell).
1981 Church-library cataloguer, Denver, Colorado.
1980-1981 Awarded Barbara Bodichon Senior Scholarship and Phyllis Tillyard Prize in Anglo-Saxon (Girton College, Cambridge); President, Cambridge University Anglo-Saxon, Norse, & Celtic Society.



Early Book Society Dictionary Society of North America
Lollard Society Early American Industries Association
Society for the History of Authorship, Reading, and Publishing (SHARP)
Celtic Studies Association of North America (CSANA)
Tools and Trades History Society, UK (TATHS)


At Univ. of Michigan 1992 Medieval Research Colloquium: "Middle English Exemplary Literature"
2010-11 Introductory TEI workshops
At Ithaca College 1988-89 Literature of the Bible
Medieval Literature
At Cornell University 1984-87 Arthurian Romance (in translation)
Medieval Epic (in translation)
Middle Welsh Prose (in Welsh)


(formal study)

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Revised 16 March 2011. File modified Tuesday, 03-Jul-2012 17:22:52 EDT