P. F. (Pat) Anderson

Internet History and Dental Informatics


Dental Informatics and Internet History
1970 First publication of the original ARPANET Host-Host protocol.
First cross-country link installed by AT&T between UCLA and BBN at 56kbps.
1971 15 nodes (23 hosts): UCLA, SRI, UCSB, Univ of Utah, BBN, MIT, RAND, SDC, Harvard, Lincoln Lab, Stanford, UIU(C), CWRU, CMU, NASA/Ames.
Ray Tomlinson of BBN invents email program to send messages across a distributed network.
1972 The @ sign was chosen for e-mail addresses for its "at" meaning (Tomlinson - March).
Larry Roberts writes first email management program (RD) to list, selectively read, file, forward, and respond to messages (July).
First computer-to-computer chat takes place at UCLA, and is repeated during ICCC, as psychotic PARRY (at Stanford) discusses its problems with the Doctor (at BBN).
Vint Cerf appointed first Chair of International Network Working Group (INWG) .
RFC 318: Telnet specification
1973 First international connections to the ARPANET.
Bob Metcalfe's Harvard PhD Thesis outlines idea for Ethernet.
Vinton Cerf sketches gateway architecture in March on back of envelope in a San Francisco hotel lobby.
RFC 454: File Transfer specification; Network Voice Protocol (NVP) specification (RFC 741) enabling conference calls over ARPAnet.
Christmas Day Lockup; ARPAWOCKY; The Stockings Were Hung by the Chimney with Care
1974 Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn publish the design of a Transmission Control Program (TCP).
BBN opens Telenet, the first public / commercial version of ARPANET).
1975 First ARPANET mailing list, MsgGroup, is created by Steve Walker. A science fiction list, SF-Lovers, was most popular.
John Vittal develops MSG, the first all-inclusive email program providing replying, forwarding, and filing capabilities.
Satellite links cross two oceans (to Hawaii and UK) as the first TCP tests are run.
"Jargon File", by Raphael Finkel at SAIL, first released. Shockwave Rider by John Brunner.
1976 Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom sends out an email on 26 March.
UUCP (Unix-to-Unix CoPy) developed at AT&T Bell Labs and distributed with UNIX one year later.
1978 TCP split into TCP and IP (March)
1979 USENET; 1st MUD; Kevin McKenzie creates emoticons.
Packet Radio Network (PRNET) experiment starts with DARPA funding. Most communications take place between mobile vans.

The timeline information above is abstracted from: Hobbes' Internet Timeline Copyright (c)1993-2000 by Robert H Zakon. Permission is granted for use of this document in whole or in part for non-commercial purposes as long as this Copyright notice and a link to this document, at the archive listed at the end, is included. A copy of the material the Timeline appears in is requested. For commercial uses, please contact the author first. Links to this document are welcome after e-mailing the author with the document URL where the link will appear. As the Timeline is frequently updated, copies to other locations on the Internet are not permitted.

Hobbes' Internet Timeline; Archive-location: http://www.isoc.org/zakon/Internet/History/HIT.html

Contact: Pat Anderson, pfa@umich.edu.
Date last modified: September 18, 2000.
URL of current page: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~pfa/pro/courses/1970s.html