ev:ej:üen:y:aev:Sv:ev:½al:y:H

SAST 255: The Languages of South Asia

I. Transcribing vowels

[   ] or [   ] as in {mum} or {some} will be written as /a/.     A
[a] as in {Mom} will be written as /a/ or /a:/ or /aa/.     Aa
[   ] as in {mix} or {pin} will be written as /i/.     E
[i] as in {machine} will be written as // or /i:/ or /ii/.     I
[   ] as in {cook} or {foot} will be written as /u/.     u
[u] as in {stew} or {food} will be written as // or /u:/ or /uu/.     U
[e] as in {May} or {fade} will be written as /e/ or /e/.    O
[] as in {mass} or {fad} will be written as // or /ai/.   
[o] as in {most} or {go} will be written as // or /o/.    Aað
[   ] as in {law} or {fought} will be written as /au/.    Aaò
II. Transcribing consonants

[k] as in {Scot} or {skill} will be written as /k/.    k
[kh] as in {cot} or {kill} will be written as /kh/.    K:
[g] as in {got} or {gill} will be written as /g/.    g:
[gh] (as in {pig-headed}) will be written as /gh/.    G:
[   ] as in {longing} will be written as /   / or /ng/.    {
[c] as in {chat} or {church} will be written as /c/.    c:
[ch] (as in {atchoo!}) will be written as /ch/.    C
[j] as in {Jim} or {judge} will be written as /j/.    j:
[jh] (as in {orange-house}) will be written as /jh/.    J:
[] as in {lunch} or {onion} will be written as / /.    W:
[t] (as in {warts} or {stop}) will be written as /t/ or /T/.    X
[th] (as in {wart} or {top}) will be written as /th/ or /Th/.    Y
[d] (as in {ward} or {drop}) will be written as /d/ or /D/.    R
[dh] (as in {hard-hearted}) will be written as /dh/ or /Dh/.    Z
[n] (as in {warn} or {harness}) will be written as /n/ or /N/.    N:
[t] (as in {eighth} or {what thing}) will be written as /t/.    t:
[th] (as in {fourth tear}) will be written as /th/.    T:
[d] (as in {breadth} or {breathed}) will be written as /d/.    d
[dh] (as in {breathed hard}) will be written as /dh/.    D:
[n] as in {fifteenth} or {one thing} will be written as /n/.    n:
[p] (as in {spot} or {spiel}) will be written as /p/.    p:
[ph] (as in {pot} or {peel}) will be written as /ph/.    P
[b] (as in {bed} or {Bob}) will be written as /b/.    b:
[bh] (as in {abhor}) will be written as /bh/.    B:
[m] as in {mum} or {Mom} will be written as /m/.    m:
[j] as in {yes} or {Yule} will be written as /y/.    y:
[r] as in {rest} or {rule} will be written as /r/.    r
[l] as in {look} or {lean} will be written as /l/.    l:
[   ] (as in {vine} x {wine}) will be written as /v/.    v:
[š] as in {shoe} or {lash} will be written as /s/ or /sh/.    S:
[s] (as in {marsh}) will be written as /s/ or /S/.    \:
[s] as in {Sue} or {lass} will be written as /s/.    s:
[h] (as in {Husain}) will be written as /h/.    h
III. Transcribing other sounds (later additions to Devanagari)

[q] (as in {Luke} vs {leek}) will be written as /q/.    q
[x] as in {Jose} or {Bach} will be written as /x/.    Q:
[   ] (as in {cigarette}) will be written as /G/.    ^:
[z] as in {zoo} or {rose} will be written as /z/.    z:
[r] (as in {birdie} or {word}) will be written as /r/ or /R/.    _
[rh] (as in {bird-head}) will be written as /rh/ or /Rh/.    `
[f] as in {fast} or {off} will be written as /f/.     f
IV. Misc: [   ] as in {met} or {said} will be written as /3/.   

Index to m:lhar .

Drafted in Sep 2002 and posted on 26 Jan 2005.