Swift Long-Term Lightcurve



The X-ray flaring properties of Sgr A* during six years of monitoring with Swift: Degenaar et al., (2013).

Sgr A* Swift lightcurve

Sgr A* lightcurve in the 0.3 - 10.0 keV band as measured from 2006 - 2012. A source extraction region of radius 10'', centred on the radio position is utilized, no background has been subtracted. The dashed line represents the mean count rate (0.011 ct/s), while the dotted line represents the 3σ excursion from this.





Additional Lightcurve Related Plots



Below, we plot lightcurves obtained using slightly different methods to that on the previous page. These may be used to confirm/maintain the sanity of the end user!

This page is under construction at the current time, and further plots will be added as necessary.

Swift XRT Latest Lightcurve: 18/09/19 @ 21:03:53


Sgr A* Swift lightcurve Sgr A* Swift lightcurve

Left: Sgr A* lightcurve in the 0.3 - 10.0 keV band. A source extraction region of radius 10'', centred on the radio position is utilized. Background is extracted from an annulus with inner/outer radii of 20''/50''. The dashed line represents the mean count rate measured from 2006-2011 (0.011 ct/s), while the dotted line represents the 3σ excursion from this, see Degenaar et al. (2013) for further details.

Right: Sgr A* lightcurve in the 2 - 10 keV band. The count rate (red) and background (green) have been calculated by wavdetect. Sgr A* is 'detected' only if a point like src is detected by wavdetect within 18'' of the known radio position.






Sgr A* Swift lightcurve Sgr A* Swift lightcurve

Left: Spectral index evolution for the counts extracted in a 10'' region centred on Sgr A*, when fit with a simple powerlaw model assuming a fixed clumn density of 9.1e22 cm^-2 (c.f. Degenaar et al. 2013). The red line denotes the index obtained from the background subtracted spectrum and the green line represents the spectral index when no background subtraction takes place.

Right: Absorbed flux in the 2 - 10 keV band, when the spectrum is fit with the corresponding best fit powerlaw plotted on the left. The dashed line indicates the long term quiescent flux from the Sgr A* region as measured by Swift in the 2003-2011 timeframe (Degenaar et al. 2013).






Swift XRT Lightcurves & spectra


Lightcurves and spectra for each observation are plotted below.

Lightcurves are extracted in the 0.3 - 10 keV band and binned to 50s. Counts have been extracted from a 10'' radius aperture centred on Sgr A*. No background has been subtracted.


Spectra are extracted from a 10'' radius aperture centred on the radio position of Sgr A*, with a background subtracted from an annulus extending 20'' - 50'' form Sgr A*. The spectra are fit with a simple powerlaw model assuming a constant column density (9.1e22 cm^-2) and have been rebinned for display purposes ('setplot rebin 3 200' in xspec).


 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 
 -------------- 






Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional