The History and Idea of The Internet and Open Source

Lars Noodén
10:00 am - 11:15 am
22 March 2002
Rovaniemi, Finland


The Internet's Background

1957 - U.S. Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)

1969 - ARPANET (1965 - 1969 planning & design)

1986 - NSFNET

1991 - WWW & Gopher

1995 - NSFNET back to research

Open Source

Selected Examples

For more, see Freshmeat or recently released GNU software.

Development Models

Being able to read and change source code allows the possibility of finding and correcting problems quickly. Likewise, the same can be said for developing improvements.

Free (flexible and no cost) licenses reduce administrative overhead and reduce development time.


Being able to read and use source code increases productivity by reducing duplicate effort and duplicate errors.

Optimization Input Output
Progress mh + mh + mh 3 mh
Economy 1/3mh + 1/3mh + 1/3mh 1 mh

Suggested Reading

Brooks, Frederick P. The Mythical Man-Month, Anniversary Edition : Essays on Software Engineering. 2nd edition. Addison-Wesley Pub Co (1995). ISBN-0201835959
Note: See especially Chapter 2 "The Mythical Man Month", Chapter 3 "The Surgical Team", Chapter 11 "Plan to Throw One Away", Chapter 14 "Hatching a Catastrophe"

Daffara, Carlo (ed.) & González-Barahona, Jesús M. (ed.) Free Software / Open Source: Information Society Opportunities for Europe? Working group on Libre Software. April 2000. Version 1.2

Himanen, Pekka. The Hacker Ethic and the Spirit of the Information Age. (2001) New York: Random House. ISBN 0-375-50566-0.

Moody, Glyn. Rebel Code: Linux and the Open Source Revolution. (2001) London, UK: Allen Lane The Penguin Press. ISBN 0-713-99520-3.

Raymond, Eric S. The Cathedral and the Bazaar. (1997/2000)

Zakon, Robert H'obbes'. Hobbes' Internet Timeline - the definitive ARPAnet & Internet history. v5.5 1993-2002

Lars Noodén
8 Apr 2002