Department of History University of Michigan
History 443 Winter, 2019
Course Title: Modern Middle East History Office Hours: W 2:30 - -3:30
Instructor: Juan Cole     Telephone: 763-1599; e-mail: jrcole (umich domain)
The modern Middle East has been one of the more dynamic and geo-politically crucial areas of the world. This exciting course covers the past two centuries and right up to the present. It treats not just high politics but the compelling stories of the people at all levels of society--including women, peasant farmers and workers--who made this history. It deals with Ottoman reformist attempts to meet the European challenge, the age of British and French colonialism, the rise of nationalism, development strategies of socialism and capitalism, the impact of Israeli and Palestinian nationalism, the petroleum factor, the emergence of Muslim fundamentalism, the Islamic Revolution in Iran, Saddam Hussein's Iraq, and the US war on terror. Grading is based upon class attendance at both lecture and section (required), a midterm, and a final. Persistent non-attendance will result in failure.
Ervand Abrahamian. A History of Modern Iran. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
James Gelvin. The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, rev.edn. 2014).
Robert L. Tignor. Egypt: A Short History (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011).Erik J. Zurcher, Turkey: A Modern History, London: I. B,. Tauris, 2017, rev. edn. .
Jan. 16 The Early Modern Ottoman Empire and the Arab World
Tignor, Egypt, chap. 6
Part Two: Economic Transformation and Bureaucratic Reform 1800-1914
Zurcher, pp. 9-29
Tignor, Egypt, chap. 8
Jan. 23 Ottoman Reform to World War I
Jan. 28 From Ottoman Egypt to British Egypt
Zurcher, pp. 30-111
Jan. 30 The Levant in the 19th Century
Tignor, Egypt, chap. 9
Elizabeth Sirriyeh,"Wahhabis, Unbelievers and the Problems of Exclusivism." Bulletin (British Society for Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 16, No. 2. (1989), pp. 123-132.
F. Robert Hunter, "State-Society Relations in Nineteenth-Century Egypt: The Years of Transition, 1848-79," Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Jul., 2000), pp. 145-159
Feb. 4 Iran: Qajars to the Constitutional Revolution
Leila Fawaz, "The City and the Mountain: Beirut's Political Radius in the Nineteenth Century as Revealed in the Crisis of 1860 International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 16, No. 4. (Nov., 1984), pp. 489-495.
Gelvin, chaps. 1-2
Nabil al-Tikriti, (2007) "Ottoman Iraq," (2007), Ottoman Iraq. Journal of The Historical Society, 7: 201-211
Feb. 6 Turkey: Kemalism to 1950
Abrahamian, Modern Iran, pp. 1-62
Feb. 11 Egypt from Monarchy to Republic
Zurcher, Turkey, pp. 111-205
Tignor, Egypt, chaps. 10-11
Feb. 13 Iraq: Colonialism, Monarchy and Revolution
Feb. 18 Rise of Israel and Palestinian Response
Güldem Baykal Büyüksaraç, (2015) " Unheard voices: state-making and popular participation in post-Ottoman Iraq," Ethnic and Racial Studies 38, 14, pp. 2551-2568.
Juan Cole, "Iraq in 1939: British Alliance or Nationalist Neutrality toward the Axis?" Britain and the World. Volume 5, No. 2 (2012):204-222
Orit Bashkin, (2011) " HYBRID NATIONALISMS: WAṬANĪ AND QAWMĪ VISIONS IN IRAQ UNDER ʿABD AL-KARIM QASIM, 1958–61," International Journal of Middle East Studies, 43, 2, pp. 293-312
Feb. 20 Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Gelvin, Israel-Palestine, 76-145 (chaps. 4-6)
Feb. 25 Class Discusssion
Gelvin, Israel-Palestine, 145-197 (chaps 7-8)
Mar. 13 Israel and Palestine 1967-1984
Abrahamian, Modern Iran, pp. 63-154
Gelvin, Israel-Palestine, 198-230 (chap 9)
Mar. 20 Baathist Iraq
Zurcher, Turkey, pp. 206-287
Part Four: Globalization: Nationalism, Imperialism, Fundamentalism
John F. Devlin, " The Baath Party: Rise and Metamorphosis," The American Historical Review, Vol. 96, No. 5 (Dec., 1991), pp. 1396-1407
Robert Springborg, "Infitah, Agrarian Transformation, and Elite Consolidation in Contemporary Iraq," Middle East Journal, Vol. 40, No. 1 (Winter, 1986), pp. 33-52
Mar. 27 The Rise of (Sunni) Political Islam
Gwenn Okruhlik , "Rentier Wealth, Unruly Law, and the Rise of Opposition: The Political Economy of Oil States," : Comparative Politics, Vol. 31, No. 3 (Apr., 1999), pp. 295-315. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org.proxy.lib.umich.edu/stable/pdfplus/422341.pdf
Gerd Nonneman, " Saudi-European Relations 1902-2001: A Pragmatic Quest for Relative Autonomy," International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs Vol. 77, No. 3, Changing Patterns of European Security and Defence (Jul., 2001), pp. 631-661
Roy Licklider, "The Power of Oil: The Arab Oil Weapon and the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan, and the United States," International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 2 (Jun., 1988), pp. 205-226
Apr. 1 Iran: Revolution and Islamic Republic
William Ochsenwald , "Saudi Arabia and The Islamic Revival," International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 13, No. 3. (Aug., 1981), pp. 271-286.
Saad Eddin Ibrahim. "Egypt's Islamic Activism in the 1980s." Third World Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 2, Islam & Politics. (Apr., 1988), pp. 632-657.
Ziad Abu-Amr. "Hamas: A Historical and Political Background." Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 22, No. 4. (Summer, 1993), pp. 5-19
Andrew Hartman. 'The Red Template': US Policy in Soviet-Occupied Afghanistan. Third World Quarterly, Vol. 23, No. 3. (Jun., 2002), pp. 467-489.
Apr. 3 Nationalism and Sectarianism in Lebanon and Syria
Abrahamian, Modern Iran, pp. 155-195Films:
1. Aljazeera English: "Iran 1979: Legacy of a Revolution | Featured Documentary"
Apr. 8 Failure of Oslo and Apartheid Israel
John F. Devlin. "The Baath Party: Rise and Metamorphosis." The American Historical Review, Vol. 96, No. 5. (Dec., 1991), pp. 1396-1407
Elaine C. Hagopian. "Maronite Hegemony to Maronite Militancy: The Creation and Disintegration of Lebanon." Third World Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 4, Ethnicity in World Politics. (Oct., 1989), pp. 101-117.
Dona J. Stewart. "Economic Recovery and Reconstruction in Postwar Beirut." Geographical Review, Vol. 86, No. 4. (Oct., 1996), pp. 487-504.
Augustus Richard Norton, "Hizballah and the Israeli Withdrawal from Southern Lebanon," Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1. (Autumn, 2000), pp. 22-35.
Apr.. 10 Al-Qaeda, ISIL and Muslim Radicalism
Gelvin, Israel-Palestine, 231-268 (chap. 10)
Robert S. Snyder, "Hating America: Bin Laden as a Civilizational Revolutionary," The Review of Politics, Vol. 65, No. 4. (Autumn, 2003), pp. 325-349.
Lars Erslev Andersen, "The Mole and the Mallet: Islamic State and al-Qaeda in the 'Thirty Years' War' in the Middle East," Connections : The Quarterly Journal Vol. 16, Iss. 1, (Winter 2017): 7-24.
Apr. 15 Turkey 1990- : Secularism, Capitalism, Ethnic Conflict and Islam
Zurcher, Turkey, pp. 287- end
H Bahadir Türk "‘Populism as a medium of mass mobilization’: The case of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan ," International Area Studies Review, Volume: 21 issue: 2(June 1, 2018): 150-168
Jeremy Salt, "Turkey's Counterrevolution: Notes from the Dark Side," Middle East Policy Volume 22, Issue 1, 09 March 2015
Apr. 22 Class Review
Tignor, Chap. 12
Fatuma Ahmed Ali & Hannah Muthoni Macharia (2013) "Women, Youth, and the Egyptian Arab Spring," Peace Review, 25:3, 359-366
Markus Holdo (2017) Post-Islamism and fields of contention after the Arab Spring: feminism, Salafism and the revolutionary youth," Third World Quarterly, 38:8, 1800-1815
Academic Integrity Policy: History 241 follows the academic integrity guidelines set forth by the College of LSA and the History Department. Students should familiarize themselves with both of these documents, which explain the standards of academic integrity and clarify the prohibited forms of academic misconduct. Students in History 241 should utilize the Chicago Manual of Style Online for all issues of source citation, along with any specific guidelines provided in the course assignments. Clarifying the disciplinary standards of research ethics and source citation is part of the educational mission of this course, and students should consult the faculty instructor and/or GSI regarding any questions. The penalties for deliberate cases of plagiarism and/or other forms of academic misconduct are a failing grade on the assignment. Cases that the instructor judges to be particularly serious, or those in which the student contests the charge of academic misconduct, will be handled by the office of the Assistant Dean for Undergraduate Education. All cases of deliberate academic misconduct that result in formal sanctions of any kind will be reported to the dean’s office, as required by LSA policy, which also ensures due process rights of appeal for students.
Syllabus online here: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jrcole/syl/war/war.htm
Return to Juan R.I. Cole Syllabi.
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