Quotations Search of Oxford English Dictionary, 2d edition

Quotations containing remain: 7170 matches.

A ,
(1962) E. Snow Other Side of River (1963) xlvi. 352 "The hi-fi set and typewriter have already been stolen and only a worthless AM set remains. "
abackstays , [adv.]
(1694) Lond. Gaz. mmdcccclxxviii. 1 "Captain Teissere remained a back stays several hours."
A band .
(1966) C. R. &. T. S. Leeson Histol. ix. 163/1 "During contraction the A band remains constant in length but the H band and I band diminish. "
abate , [v. 1]
(1551) Recorde Pathway to Knowl. ii. Introd., "And if you abate euen portions from things that are equal, those partes that remain shall be equall also. "
abbey .
(1882) Daily News 27 April 4/7 "In the presence of a large and representative gathering the remains of the late Mr. Darwin were yesterday interred in Westminster Abbey."
Abdim .
(1930) G. L. Bates Handbk. Birds W. Afr. 109 "One year, in February, a large company of Abdims remained on my land for days. "
aberrance .
(1865) W. M. Rossetti Fine Art (1867) 276 "The two remaining contributions..are Japanese subjects, unsurpassed in delicate aberrances and intricate hap&dubh.hazards of colour. "
abeyance .
(1878) Tait &. Stewart Unseen Univ. vii. §.204. 203 "That the soul may remain veiled or in abeyance until the resurrection."
abigail .
(1864) Duke of Manchester Court &. Soc. Eliz. to Anne I. 81 "Her house remained full of dons and pages, ladies and abigails."
abort , [v.]
(1963) Amer. Speech XXXVIII. 118 "A specified point on the runway..used as a decision point for aborting. If trouble develops on the take-off roll before go-no-go, it is possible to abort and stop the aircraft on the remaining runway."
(1969) Daily Tel. 28 Apr. 14 "National Health surgeons on the whole remain disinclined to abort frivolously. "
above , [adv.] and [prep.]
(1793) Smeaton Edystone Lightho. §.253 "The weather..above-head had remained..much the same. "
absorb , [v.]
(C. 1860) Faraday Forces of Nat. iii. 78 "Whenever a solid body loses some of that force of attraction by means of which it remains solid, heat is absorbed. "
abstergify [v.]
(1612) Benvenuto Passenger's Dialogues, Ital. &. Eng. (Nares) "Specially, when wee would abstergifie, and that the huske remaine behind in the boyling of it."
abstract , [v.]
(? 1685) Boyle (J.) "Having dephlegmed spirit of salt, and gently abstracted the whole spirit, there remaineth in the retort a styptical substance. "
abstracted , [ppl. a.]
(1667) Milton P.L. ix. 463 "The Evil one abstracted stood From his own evil, and for the time remained Stupidly good. "
absurd , [a.] and [sb.]
(1962) Listener 13 Dec. 1027/1 "The theatre of the absurd, whose master remains Camus."
Acadian , [sb.] and [a.]
(1757) Mem. Principal Trans. Last War 12 "The French inhabitants (whom for Distinction-sake I shall call Acadians)..were by the treaty allowed their option either to retire..or to remain there. "
(1868) J. W. Dawson in Proc. Amer. Assoc. Advancement Sci. XVI. 118 "These rocks..having been ascertained to be Devonian, there still remained an immense thickness of underlying rocks of uncertain age... It is proposed to call this series, represented in New Brunswick by the St. John slates, the Acadian Series. "
accepting , [vbl. sb.]
(1962) Times 13 Sept. 11/5 "Rothschilds have remained..the only accepting house in the City to have avoided turning itself into a legal company."
accident , [sb.]
(1610) Gwillim Heraldry (1660) i. iii. 15 "I call those notes or marks, Accidents of Armes, that..may be annexed unto them, or taken from them, their substance still remaining."
accidentally , [adv.]
(1781) Gibbon Decl. &. Fall. III. 139 "The invasion of the Goths..contributed, at least accidentally, to extirpate the last remains of Paganism."
accomplish , [v.]
(1855) Prescott Philip II, I. ii. i. 154 "The work of the reformer was never accomplished so long as anything remained to reform."
accord , [v.]
(1817) Scott Waverley II. xix. 293 "Proceed as we accorded before dinner, if you wish to remain longer in my service."
account , [sb.]
(1711) Addison Spect. No. 25. &page.2 "As for the remaining Parts of the Pound, I keep no accompt of them. "
(1593) Shaks. Rich. II, i. i. 130 "My Soueraigne Liege was in my debt, Vpon remainder of a deere Accompt. "
(1652) Brome Joviall Crew i. 358 "The ballance of the several Accompts, Which shews you what remains in Cash. "
(1873) Aldrich Marj. Daw 150 "The hotel remains to-day pretty much the same as when Jonathan Bayley handed in his accounts in 1840."
accountant , [a.] and [sb.]
(1649) Selden Laws Eng. i. lxvii. 176 (1739) "The Guardian in Socage remaineth accomptant to the Heir, for all profits both of Land and Marriage."
accretion .
(1774) Bryant Mythol. I. 164 "This accretion will be in every age enlarged; till there will at last remain some few outlines only of the original occurrence. "
accurate , [a.]
(1738) Lond. &. Country Brewer iii. (1743) 242 "Such Drink always remains so, notwithstanding their most accurate Attempts to the contrary."
acervulus .
(1947) C. E. Skinner et al. Henrici's Molds, Yeasts, &. Actinomycetes (ed. 2) v. 96 "The third order, the Moniliales.., contains the remaining forms, whose conidiophores are produced neither in pycnidia nor upon acervuli, but are formed from superficial hyphae over the entire surface of the fungus colony. "
acoustic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1855) Owen Skel. &. Teeth 34 "The acoustic capsule remains in great part cartilaginous. "
acoustician .
(1879) A. J. Hipkins in Grove Dict. Mus. II. 54 "It is..agreed, even by acousticians, that the piano had best remain with thirteen keys in the octave. "
actio in distans .
(1846) W. Hamilton in Reid's Wks. 852/1 "Repulsion..remains, as apparently an actio in distans,..inconceivable as a possibility [for inclusion among the primary qualities of body]. "
acyclovir .
(1981) Maclean's Mag. 2 Nov. 24 "The beauty of acyclovir is that it remains inactive in the body until it comes in contact with a herpes-induced enzyme. The enzyme then activates the drug. "
addible , [a.]
(1690) Locke Hum. Underst. ii. xvii. (1727) I. 88 "The clearest idea it can get of infinity, is the confused, incomprehensible remainder of endless, addible numbers, which affords no prospect of stop or boundary."
address , [v.]
(1620) Shelton Don Quixote I. iii. i. 116 "He arose, remaining bended in the midst of the way, like unto a Turkish Bow, without being able to address himself."
adenoid , [a.] and [sb. pl.]
(1873) Klein Handb. Physiol. Lab. iii. 45 "It remains to describe the so-called adenoid tissue. By this term is understood, a dense reticulum of branched cells, the processes of which are short but of great delicacy. "
adiaphoron , [a.] and [sb.]
(1553-87) Foxe A. &. M. (1596) 51/1 "The celebration of Easterdaie remained adiaphoron, as a thing indifferent in the church. "
Adivasi , [sb.] (and [a.] )
(1941) A. V. Thakkar Probl. Aborigines in India 2 "We can ill afford to allow such a huge population as that of the Adivasis to remain any longer illiterate, ignorant and labouring under..abject poverty. "
admotive , [a.]
(1879) Syd. Soc. Lex. "Admotive germination: That in which the episperm containing the end of the cotyledon more or less tumefied remains fixed laterally near the base of the cotyledon."
adnexa , [sb. pl.]
(1906) Brit. Med. Jrnl. 6 Jan. 12/1 "In lepra anaesthetica the eyes may remain unaffected if the nerves supplying the adnexa of the eye remain free. "
adobe .
(1821) Dewees Lett. from Texas (1852) 21 "The remainder of the buildings are adobes. "
adored , [ppl. a.]
(1713) Pope Winds. For. 301 "Old warriors whose ador'd remains In weeping vaults her hallow'd earth contains. "
adry , [adv.] and [pred.] [a.]
(1628) Digby Voy. to Medit. 94 "Att the ebbe shee [the ship] remained all adry. "
adsorb , [v.]
(1906) Bio-chem. Jrnl. I. 494 "In all my experiments with charcoal some trypsin has remained merely adsorbed, and therefore transferable to added casein and active. "
adulterate , [v.]
(1678) Marvell Growth of Pop. Wks. 1875 IV. 257 "That..the clergy should, by remaining unmarried, either frustrate human nature if they live chastly, or, if otherwise, adulterate it."
adumbration .
(1610) Guillim Heraldrie ii. iii. 42 "Adumbration, or Transparency, is a cleere exemption of the substance of the Charge, or thing borne, in such sort as that there remaineth nothing thereof to be discerned, but the naked and bare proportion of the outward lineaments thereof."
adust , [ppl. a.]
(1657) Physical Dict. "The blood is then said to be adust, when by reason of extraordinary heat the thinner parts are evaporated, and the thicker remain black and dreggy. "
Advent .
(1582) N. T. (Rheims) 1 Thess. iv. 15 "Vve vvhich liue, vvhich are remaining in the aduent [other versions coming] of our Lord. "
advisership .
(1868) Pall Mall G. 2 Dec. 8 "The Law Advisership to the Castle is the most important of the remaining appointments."
Aegean , [a.]
(1902) Encycl. Brit. XXXI. 55/2 "In certain localities, for instance, Cyprus, Crete, and most of the Aegean islands,..Mycenaean remains..form in fact a stratum to be expected on the site of almost every ancient Aegean settlement. "
Aepyornis .
(1959) Chambers's Encycl. VIII. 779/2 "There are also fossil remains of large, extinct, bird-like animals not found elsewhere, such as the Aepyronis, remnants of whose eggs are strewn over the beaches of the extreme south."
aerobically [adv.]
(1887) A. M. Brown Anim. Alkaloids 117 "Four-fifths of our tissues live aerobically; and..the remaining fifth part..lives anaerobically, that is, after the fashion of putrid ferment. "
aeroplane , [sb.]
(1907) Daily Mail 19 Feb. 7/7 "M. Santos Dumont..felt that for some years to come aeroplaning would remain a sport. "
Aertex .
(1984) Guardian Weekly 19 Aug. 20 "Until about 1943 my favourite garment remained a bright scarlet Aertex shirt, for reasons unconnected with revolutionary socialism."
affection , [sb.]
(1625) Sir H. Finch Law (1636) 225 "There remaineth yet one generall and common affection scattered throughout the whole Law..which we call an Action. "
affidavit .
(1808) Bentham Scotch Ref. 23 "The affidavit-maker (deponent) remaining subject to examination."
affluent , [a.] and [sb.]
(1853) Phillips Rivers of Yorksh. iii. 104 "The only remaining affluent of importance on its northern banks, viz. the river Hull. "
afforestation .
(1751) Chambers Cycl. s.v. Purlieu, "The greatest part of the new afforestations were still remaining. "
afforested , [ppl. a.]
(1679) Hobbes Dial. Com. Laws (1840) 154 "[They] had much land remaining in their own hands, afforrested for their recreation. "
Afghanistanism .
(1961) H. B. Jackson Mass Communications Dict. 6 "Afghanistanism, a criticism leveled against newspaper editors for avoiding community causes and issues and for advocating causes and issues far enough away to remain unchallenged by unoriented readers. "
(1914) J. Collings Colon. Rur. Brit. I. vi. 113 "The remainder of the children whose after-school career was traced went into industrial or commercial occupations. "
(1680) W. Allen Peace &. Unity 64 "While they remain under this perswasion, they can no more lawfully receive an *after-baptizing. "
(1860) Mining Gloss. (ed. 2) 48 "*After-damp, destructive gas (carbonic acid) remaining in the workings after an explosion of fire-damp. "
(1909) Cent. Dict. Suppl., "*After-sound, a subjective sensation of sound which remains after the sound itself has ceased. "
after-game .
(1713) Addison Cato iii. vii, "Still there remains an after-game to play. "
(1951) Paterson &. Willett in Sociological Rev. XLIII. 90 "There remains a feeling that the group is an entity, for the members have all been affected similarly by the same outside power, and there is a diffused `againstness'. "
agammaglobulinaemia .
(1954) Lancet 2 Oct. 671/2 "Agammaglobulin&ae.mia. A syndrome has recently been described in America in which recurrent severe infections are associated with a virtual absence of &gamma.-globulin from the serum, the levels of the other plasma-protein fractions remaining within normal limits. "
agar-agar .
(1886) Crookshank Bacteriology 65 "Agar-agar has the advantage of remaining solid up to a temperature of about 45°.. "
age , [sb.]
(1889) W. S. Gilbert Gondoliers ii. 32 "As at home we've been remaining-We've not seen you both for ages. "
(1954) J. G. Peristiany in Instit. Prim. Soc. iv. 40 "The initiation rituals..provide him with an age-set; that is, with a group of age-mates who remain his social co-evals through life. "
ageing aging , [vbl. sb.]
(1879) G. Gladstone in Cassell's Techn. Educ. I. 198 "The hot flue leads into the ageing-room, where the cloth remains suspended. "
(1860) Maury Phys. Geog. Sea i. §.67 "Notwithstanding all that has been done.. there still remain many agenda."
aggrieved , [ppl. a.]
(1870) Bowen Logic ix. 293 "The Catholics had a right to feel aggrieved that these laws should be permitted to remain in the statute book."
aglare , [adv.] , prop. [phr.]
(1872) M. Collins Pr. Clarice II. xix. 223 "His sole remaining eye aglare with furious light. "
agonizing , [ppl. a.]
(1953) J. F. Dulles in N.Y. Times 15 Dec. 14/3 "If..the European Defence Community should not be effective; if France and Germany remain apart... That would compel an agonizing reappraisal of basic United States policy. "
agro- ,
(1983) Engin. News-Rec. 21 Apr. 24/2 "Its thrust during the remaining years of the 1980s will continue to be on agrobusiness and energy development. "
agrochemical , [sb.] (and [a.] )
(1970) Daily Tel. 28 Apr. 22/1 "While a rapid turn-round can be expected in agrochemicals, the position in the main fertiliser market remains uncertain. "
ailantine , [a.] and [sb.]
(1863) All Y. Round 11 July 467/1 "Ailanthine sericulture would remain in great measure unproductive."
(1930) R. Peele Compressed Air Plant (ed. 5) xv. 273 "Air lines are tested from time to time by allowing the air at full pressure to remain in the closed transmission circuit long enough to observe the gage pressure. "
Akan , [a.] and [sb.]
(1897) J. M. Sarbah Fanti Customary Laws 3 "The words `Akan' (Akanfu) arose probably from the way the Mfantsifu referred to those who remained at Takieman. The word Akan to our mind means a remnant. "
alarm-post .
(1844) Regul. &. Ord. Army 180 "Although a Regiment or a Division may remain for a single night only in a quarter, yet an Alarm-Post is invariably to be established."
Alencon .
(1865) F. B. Palliser Hist. Lace xiii. 171 "A few observations remain to be made respecting the dates of Alen&ccdil.on point. "
aleph .
(1920) A. S. Eddington Space, Time &. Gravitation iii. 59 "It reminds us of the mathematicians' transfinite number Aleph; you can subtract any number you like from it and it still remains the same. "
alien , [a.] and [sb.]
(1780) Burke Econ. Ref. Wks. 1842 I. 238 "A system of confusion remains, which is not only alien, but adverse to all economy. "
alight , [v. 1]
(1786) J. Jeffries Narr. 2 Aerial Voyages 16 "After alighting for a moment..M. Blanchard threw out the remaining part of our sand ballast. "
(A. 1884) Archit. Publ. Soc. Dict. s.v. M&ae.ander, "As guillochis or m&eacu.andres are known in Italy as alla Greca, so the word grecque is likely to remain in France the technical name of the m&eacu.andre. "
alizarin .
(1876) Jrnl. Chem. Soc. ii. 234 "The contamination of the printed cotton with iron is thus prevented, and only the pure alumina lake, that is to say, the pure alizarin-red, remains upon the cotton. "
all , [a.] , [sb.] , and [adv.]
(1849) Macaulay Hist. Eng. II. 557 "If he refuses to govern us at all, we are not bound to remain..without a government. "
(1928) J. T. MacCurdy Comm. Princ. Psychol. &. Physiol. 168 " Adrian..found that, in the isolated fibre, the strength of the impulse, once it was set up, remained constant and could not be increased by augmenting the strength of the stimulus. This is known as the all-or-none law of the nerve impulse. "
allodial alodial , [a.] and [sb.]
(1857) Sir F. Palgrave Norm. &. Eng. II. 264 "A patch of arable tilled by the remaining allodial rustics. "
alloeopathist .
(1849) Hahnemann's Organon Introd. 28 "However..he may affect to be a hom&oe.opathist, [he] is and will always remain a generalizing all&oe.opathist."
allograft , [sb.]
(1983) Nature 14 July 121/1 "The way in which the maternal immune system is regulated during pregnancy to allow the survival of the fetal allograft remains unsolved."
allometry .
(1940) G. R. de Beer Embryos &. Ancestors iv. 25 "The relative growth-rates of the allometric organ and of the body remain constant during long periods. "
allowance , [sb.]
(1528) Perkins Profit. Bk. v. §.326 (1642) 144 "If a man seised of three acres..enfeoffeth a stranger..of two of the three acres..and the wife is endowed of the third acre which remaineth as allowance of the other acres. "
alnage .
(1736) Carte Ormonde I. 141 "Alnage was to remain as already settled by law."
alternative , [a.] and [sb.]
(1814) Miss Austen Lady Susan xxxviii. (1879) 282 "It is impossible to submit to such an extremity while another alternative remains. "
(1836) J. Gilbert Chr. Atonem. i. (1852) 19 "Yet law was never so repealed but that it still remained as the alternative. "
alum , [sb.]
(1875) Ure Dict. Arts I. 105 "[Alum] seems to have come to Europe in later times as alum of Rocca, the name of Edessa; but it is not impossible that this name was an Italian prefix, which has remained to this day under the name of Rock Alum, Allume di Rocca."
amalgamate , [v.]
(1802) T. Jefferson Writ. (1830) III. 489 "It remains to amalgamate the comptroller and auditor into one. "
ambassage embassage .
(1598) Hakluyt Voy. I. 150 "One deceased by the way,..and the other remained sick..so that ambassage took none effect. "
ambo .
(1753) Chambers Cycl. Supp. s.v., "In some churches remains of the Ambos are still seen. "
amid , [adv.] and [prep.]
(1812) Miss Austen Mansf. Pk. (1847) 71 "The carriage drove off amid the good wishes of the two remaining ladies. "
ammunitioned , [ppl. a.]
(1870) Daily News 17 Dec., "The remaining forty, well armed, ammunitioned, and in good condition, established themselves in two or three private houses."
amphibious , [a.]
(1941) New Statesman 15 Feb. 151/2 "There remains the possibility of `amphibious' warfare. "
amphidisc .
(1867) J. Hogg Microsc. ii. ii. 389 "Remains of the dead sponge, empty gemmule-cases with their amphidiscs. "
amphigouri .
(1869) N. &. Q. Ser. iv. III. 145 "The remaining verses..of the following amphigory."
ample , [a.]
(1860) Whyte-Melville Mkt. Harb. 60 "Mrs. Dove, an ample lady, with the remains of considerable beauty. "
amplification .
(1943) Gloss. Terms Telecomm. (B.S.I.) 32 "Amplification factor, the voltage factor of the anode and the control electrode, the anode current remaining unchanged. "
amusement .
(1771) Junius Lett. xlix. 257 "The remainder of the summer shall be dedicated to your amusement. "
anaerobe .
(1959) J. Clegg Freshwater Life (ed. 2) 68 "The decomposition of the organic remains by anaerobic bacteria results in the formation of sulphuretted hydrogen. "
anaesthetic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1955) Oxf. Jun. Encycl. XI. 4/2 "A patient to whom a general anaesthetic is administered loses consciousness, while a local anaesthetic affects only the area of operation, the patient remaining fully conscious. Cocaine..the most commonly used local anaesthetic, was introduced in 1879."
anapaest .
(1846) Grote Greece II. ii. vii. 572 "The scanty fragments remaining to us of his elegies and anap&ae.sts. "
anapnograph .
(1870) S. Gee Auscult. &. Percuss. ii. §.2 &page.1 "Whether the anapnograph will be more useful remains to be seen."
anathema .
(1608) Topsell Serpents 779 "Will not permit a [spider's] web-the very pattern, index, and anathema of supernaturall wisdome-to remain untouched. "
anatomist , [a.] and [sb.]
(1830) Lyell Princ. Geol. 3 "A comparative anatomist may derive some accession of knowledge from the bare inspection of the remains of an extinct quadruped. "
anatomy .
(1662) Fuller Worthies (1840) I. 496 "The anatomy of a man lying in the tombe abovesaid, onely the bones remaining. "
anchor , [sb. 1]
(1965) Guardian 20 Sept. 4/8 "`Panorama' will continue... Richard Dimbleby remains the anchor. "
(1877) Green Phys. Geol. iii. §.2. 109 "Anchor-ice forms sometimes..at the bottom of lakes and rivers while the rest of the water remains unfrozen. "
(1876) Davis Polaris Exp. viii. 219 "The tidal observations were made by..the *anchor-watch during the remaining nine hours. "
ancient , [a.] and [sb. 1]
(1846) Ellis Elgin Marbles I. 1 "The remains of antient art at Athens. "
(1958) Listener 23 Jan. 150/2 "The Ancient Monuments Department of the Ministry of Works has set out to preserve what remains."
and , [conj. 1] formerly [prep.]
(1846) Grote Greece (1869) I. i. 29 "And thus she remained a whole year. "
anethol .
(1863) Watts Dict. Chem. I. 297 "Oil of anise..appears to consist of two distinct oils, one of which solidifies at temperatures below 10°., while the other remains fluid at all temperatures. The former is generally known as anethol or anise-camphor. "
an-hungry [a.]
(1681) R. Knox Hist. Ceylon 123 "Many times we were forced to remain an hungry."
animalist .
(1837) P. Parley Sun, Moon, &. Stars liv. (ed. 2) 284 "Vegetablists say that it is a fungous plant..but the animalists agree in affirming it to be the altered remains of dead frogs."
animism .
(1864) Sat. Rev. 10 Dec. 726/1 "All spiritual belief came to be laughed at.. There was no more account of Stahl and `animism.' Nothing but sheer materialism remained."
anoci-association .
(1961) Brit. Med. Dict. 106/2 "Anoci-association... The patient is kept free from fear by management and narcotics, remains in ignorance of the time of the operation, and is anaesthetized in such a way that no adaptive response is excited. The field of operation is completely blocked by local anaesthetics so that traumatic impulses do not reach the brain [etc.]."
anthropocentric , [a.]
(1863) Draper Intell. Devel. Eur. iii. (1865) 42 "In the most ancient records remaining, the Hindu mind is dealing with anthropocentric conceptions..of the moral kind. "
anthropolite .
(1863) G. Kearley Links in Chain, "A veritable anthropolite, the petrified remains of one of the accursed race that was swept away by the flood."
(1939) War Illustr. 9 Dec. 416/3 "Fascism remains anti-Communist, but it also remains obstinately anti-democratic."
antidoron .
(1957) Oxf. Dict. Chr. Ch. 1005/1 "Among the E. Orthodox..the so-called `antidoron'..i.e. what remains of the loaves from which the Eucharistic Bread is cut, is held to share in the liturgical offering, and is distributed as a consolation to those unable to receive Holy Communion."
Antiguan , [sb.] and [a.]
(1985) Washington Post 12 June a30/4 "A handful of Jamaicans, Barbadians or Antiguans, remnants of the U.S.-sponsored Caribbean Peace Force, are likely to remain on hand for a number of months to supervise Grenadian guards at the Richmond Hill prison."
anti-hero .
(1907) F. W. Chandler Lit. Roguery I. ii. 68 "A work of the Eulenspiegel type..its anti-heroes remain less roguish than Till. "
(1959) Times Lit. Suppl. 20 Nov. 670/4 "Ulysses was and remains the first great masterpiece of anti-heroic literature."
antinode .
(1882) J. D. Everett Vibratory Motion &. Sound v. 51 "Comparing together the four positions of the string..points A, C, and A1 remain permanently at rest, and the points B and D midway between them undergo the largest displacement... The points of permanent rest, A, C, and A1 are called nodes and the points of maximum displacement, B and D, antinodes. "
Antiochene , [a.] and [sb.]
(1939) P. Hughes Pop. Hist. Ch. ii. 36 "The Antiochenes, remaining obdurately aloof, were excommunicated too."
antiquarian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1872) Hardwick Trad. Lanc. 220 "A thoroughgoing antiquarian would call this a Druidical remain."
antique , [a.] and [sb.]
(1596) Spenser State Irel. 28 "A nation so antique, as that no monument remaines of her beginning. "
antiquity .
(1869) Rawlinson Anc. Hist. 2 "Antiquities, or the actual extant remains of ancient times."
any , [a.] and [pron.]
(1854) Scoffern in Orr's Circ. Sc., Chem. 507 "Whilst any lead..remains to be removed."
ao dai .
(1977) Time 9 May 21/1 "A stroll along busy Tu Do Street [in Saigon]..remains one of the most fascinating city walks in the world, a gauntlet of boutiques, cafes and attractive women in ao dai."
apanage appanage .
(1862) Lond. Rev. 26 July 71 "The diplomatic service..must always remain the apanage of the wealthy."
(1682) Scarlett Exch. 20 "Substract the Provision and Courtagie, and the Remainder is the Apoinctee (the Neat Sum)."
appearance .
(1793) Smeaton Edystone L. §.253 "The weather..had remained to all appearance much the same. "
appetite , [sb.]
(1876) Mozley Univ. Serm. vii. 147 "We have those appetites so long as we remain in the flesh."
appliance .
(1561) T. N[orton] Calvin's Inst., "It remaineth that by applyance all the same [benefits] may come to us. "
archaeological [a.]
(1871) Tylor Prim. Culture I. 19 "Arch&ae.ological inference from the remains of pre-historic tribes."
archaeometry .
(1972) Nature 31 Mar. 225/1 "The magnetic charts now being prepared from these data may be used as an archaeometric standard with which to date other remains from this part of the world. "
archosaur .
(1962) New Scientist 5 July 34 "The remains of small archosaurs, probably representative of the primitive stock from which the dinosaurs originated. "
archway .
(1868) Q. Victoria Life in Highl. 22 "Part of the old castle and the archway remains."
arise , [v.]
(1779) J. Moore View Soc. II. liv. 49 "All the audience..immediately arise, and remain in a standing posture till their sovereign sit down. "
arm [sb. 2]
(1710) Lond. Gaz. mmmmdccviii/2 "The remaining 12,500 Arms not already contracted for. "
Armagnac .
(1910) Encycl. Brit. XI. 904/2 "The remainder [of the wine produced in the department of Gers] is chiefly manufactured into brandy, known by the name of Armagnac, second only to Cognac in reputation. "
arrear , [sb.]
(1676) Bates Immort. Soul, "There remains in another world a dreadful arrear of misery."
arrearage .
(1691) Blount Law Dict., "Arrearages, the Remain of an Accompt, or a Sum of Money remaining in the Hands of an Accomptant. It is sometimes used more generally for any Money unpaid at a due Time. "
(1731) Bailey, "Arrearances, Arrears, are the remainders of any rents or monies unpaid at the due time."
arrentation .
(1306) Ord. Forest&ae., Act 34 Edw. I, v, "Quod haye et fossata facta medio tempore prosternantur et penitus commoveantur et adnichilentur, saluis arentacionibus nostris quas secundum assisam foreste volumus remanere. Transl. in Pulton: That the hedges and diches..shall be wholly cast downe, remoued, and avoided: saving our Arrentations which we will have remaine according to the assise of the Forest. "
arsinoitherium .
(1902) H. J. L. Beadnell Prel. Note Arsinoitherium Zitteli 3 "Discovery of Eocene mammalian and reptilian remains made last year by the Geological Survey of Egypt... The most important of these is a large, heavily built, ungulate, about the size of a rhinoceros, and for which the writer proposes the generic name Arsinoitherium, from Queen Arsinoe, after whom the Fayum was called in Ptolemic times. "
art , [sb.]
(1963) Times 17 May 18/4 "Official taste remains complacently becalmed at action-painting and art autre."
artefactual , [a.]
(1963) Kwang-chih Chang Archaeol. Anc. China 1 "The study of bygone cultures and civilizations by means of their artifactual remains has never ceased to be a part of the historical method. "
articulable , [a.]
(1897) W. James Let. 28 Apr. (1920) II. 58 "Life and mysticism exceed the articulable, and if there is a One..it must remain only mystically expressed. "
artist , [sb.] and [a.]
(1747) J. Spence (title) "Polymetis: an Enquiry concerning the agreement between the works of the Roman Poets and the Remains of the Ancient Artists. "
Aryanize , [v.]
(1935) L. L. Snyder From Bismarck to Hitler viii. 81 "Only in their outer forms will Japan and other `bearers of civilization' remain Asiatic; inwardly they will become Aryanized. "
as , [adv.] ( [conj.] , and [rel. pron.] )
(1663) Marvell Corr. Wks. 1872-5 II. 140 "If they had any thing as that remained on their part."
Ascot .
(1828) Sporting Mag. June 202/2 "Ascot still remains a pattern to all race courses throughout the kingdom. "
ashery .
(1884) L. F. &. R. L. Allen New Amer. Farm Bk. 62 "Spent lye of the asheries, is the liquid which remains after the combination of the lye and grease in manufacturing soap."
assemblage .
(1833) Ht. Martineau Fr. Wines &. Pol. i. 13 "Of the chesnut woods nothing remained but an assemblage of bare poles."
assumpting [vbl. sb.]
(1565) Calfhill Answ. Treat. Crosse (1846) 153 "The same divine nature, after the assumpting of flesh, to remain notwithstanding incircumscriptible."
astound , [ppl. a.]
(1600) Fairfax Tasso xix. lxv, "Vafrine..with griefe and care Remain'd astound. "
astral , [a.] (and [sb.] )
(1910) Encycl. Brit. VII. 714/2 "The remaining radiations at the two poles of the spindle are the `astral rays'."
astronaut .
(1957) P. Moore Sci. &. Fiction xvii. 171 "The astronauts taking off for the planet Hesikos remain standing upright. "
at , [prep.]
(1652) Needham tr. Selden's Mare Cl. 425 "To remain at his judgement and award. "
atmosphere , [sb.]
(1923) H. G. Baynes tr. Jung's Psychol. Types v. 230 "The religion of the last two thousand years..has, thereby, created an atmosphere which remains wholly uninfluenced by any intellectual disavowal. "
atonal , [a.]
(1963) Listener 14 Feb. 313/3 "Luigi Dallapiccola, an atonalist who has remained faithful to his country's abiding concern for melody."
atoneside atoside [advb. phr.]
(1621) Molle Camerar. Liv. Lib. iii. xx. 217 "The third made that which remained to hang a tone-side."
atresia .
(1903) Nature 20 Aug. 384/2 "Other atresic follicles are reduced to fibrous tissue or remain cystic. "
atrophiated , [ppl. a.]
(1634) T. Johnson tr. Parey's Chirurg. xxix. (1678) 711 "Every part which hath not his motion remaineth languid and atrophiated. "
attest , [v.]
(1876) Green Short Hist. i. §.4 (1882) 37 "Forty-five works remained after his death to attest his prodigious industry."
attitude .
(1831) Carlyle Sart. Res. i. iv, "The remainder [of his sentences] are in quite angular attitudes, buttressed-up by props (of parentheses and dashes)."
attraction .
(1858) Sir J. Herschel Astron. §.564 "In so far as their orbits can remain unaltered by the attractions of the planets. "
aura .
(1732) Berkeley Alciphr. II. 35 "After which [i.e. the flying off of the volatile salt or spirit] the Oil remains dry and insipid, but without any sensible diminution of its weight, by the loss of that volatile essence of the soul, that &ae.thereal aura. "
(1875) Encycl. Brit. II. 336 "[The bones of] other extinct mammals, alongside of human remains and works of art, in the famous Aurignac caves of the Pyrenees. "
Aurignacian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1914) Q. Jrnl. Geol. Soc. LXX. p. xcviii, "A bed was found, which yielded the incised drawings..as well as numerous mammalian remains and flint-implements; and this is regarded as of Aurignacian age. Immediately below the last-mentioned bed a deposit of sand..was penetrated..and this deposit, also referred to the Aurignacian, was found to contain an enormous number of bones. "
auscultate , [v.]
(1892) Stevenson &. Osbourne Wrecker xv. 233 "It was therefore necessary..to auscultate what remained [of the ship], like a doctor sounding for a lung disease. "
Austin , [a.] and [sb.]
(C. 1812) Oxoniana I. 5 "Some traces of this practice [disputationes in Augustinensibus] still remain in the University exercises, and the common phrase of scholars `doing Austins' has a direct allusion to it."
Australopithecus .
(1947) Lancet 14 June 837/1 "Later, more remains of the same type of creature were discovered..and these are now all regarded as representatives of a common sub-family, the Australopithecinae. "
auto- (1) ,
(1891) Jrnl. Chem. Soc. LX. 1151 "Autocatalysis... The presence of a salt of the acid, for instance the sodium salt, in the solution, retards the formation of the lactone very considerably, and the amount of free acid in the solution, as determined alkalimetrically, remains constant for days together. "
(1920) Flight XII. 1194/2 "Below 15°. the aerofoil remains at rest, but at high angles it auto-rotates, slowly at first, and then more quickly. "
autochthonous , [a.]
(1876) tr. Wagner's Gen. Pathol. 189 "An autochthonous or primitive thrombus is one which remains confined in the part in which it first arose, especially in the heart."
avalanche , [sb.]
(1789) Coxe Trav. Switz. xxxviii. II. 3 "We crossed some snow, the remains of a last winter's Avalanche. "
avert , [v.]
(1540) Act 32 Hen. VIII, xxix, "Landes..shall..be descendable, remaine, auert, come, and be inheritable."
avouch , [v.]
(1540) Househ. Ord. Hen. VIII in Thynne's Animadv. Introd. 35 "The Clerkes-Comptrollers to goe with him to take the said Remaines to be advouched with him, what the expence shall rise to. Item..the Booke of Comptrollment..shall be put yearly into the Exchequer, to be advoucht to the Cofferers account."
ay aye , [adv.]
(1608) Shaks. Per. iii. i. 63 "Aye-remaining lamps. "
baba (2)
(1827) L. E. Ude French Cook 461 "The oven must be moderately hot, as the babas must remain a long time in. "
Babel .
(1703) Maundrell Journ. Jerus. (1721) 16 "What remains of this mighty Babel..is no more than twenty Foot high. "
background , [sb.]
(1849) Macaulay Hist. Eng. II. 253 "Political friends thought it best..that he should remain in the background. "
backing , [vbl. sb.]
(1780) A. Young Tour in Ireland 195 "The remainder is called backings, and is spun into the coarsest stuff. "
(1851) F. Starr 20 Yrs. of Trav.'s Life xiii. 143 "The remaining shaft..broke off short, and that which when we started was a gig, was now a back stop for horses' heels. "
baffle , [sb. 1]
(1843) Foster in Life &. Corr. (1846) II. 458, "I remained in a kind of baffle between that perfectly preserved image, and his actual appearance."
bag , [sb.]
(1529) Latimer Serm. (1844) 20 "Yet there may remain a bag of rusty malice, 20 years old, in thy neighbour's bosom. "
bagasse .
(1960) Times 8 Jan. 7 "Mauritius..solved the problems of a one-crop economy by burning `bagasse', the fibre that remains after sugar cane is crushed. "
baht .
(1963) Whitaker's Almanack 934/1 "The exchange rate for the Baht is not officially fixed, but has for some time remained in the neighbourhood of Baht 59 = &pstlg.1 sterling, with little fluctuation."
bail , [sb. 1]
(1642) Declar. Lords &. Comm. 22 Dec. 6 "To some common Goale, there to remaine without Bayle or Mainprize. "
bailiff .
(1873) Stubbs Const. Hist. III. xxi. 561 "In those towns in which there was no mayor, the presidency of the local courts remained with the bailiffs."
baked , [ppl. a.]
(1858) Birch Anc. Pottery Introd. 5 "Remains of baked earthenware. "
balance , [sb.]
(1622) Malynes Anc. Law-Merch. 370 "Take all the remainders of the Accounts by Debitor and Creditor, which is the ballance of the Booke. "
(1828) Tytler Hist. Scot. (1864) I. 221 "The large balance of the ransom which still remained unpaid. "
(1875) Blackw. Mag. Apr. 443 "Balance, long familiar to American ears, is becoming so to ours. In an account of a ship on fire we read `Those saved remained the balance of the night watching the burning wreck.' "
(1958) M. E. Burton Lett. M. Wordsworth p. xxviii, "Mary often chooses to remain behind. She is the balance-wheel. "
balanced , [ppl. a.]
(1874) S. J. P. Thearle Naval Archit. (Adv. Sci. ser.) iv. xx. 340 "The balanced rudder revolves about an axis so situated that about two-thirds the area of the rudder is on the aft, and the remaining one-third on the fore side of the axis. "
ball , [sb. 1]
(1710) Lond. Gaz. No. 4702/2 "The Powder, small Ball, and small Arms remaining in the Garrisons. "
(1857) Trollope Three Clerks I. ix. 183 "The ball is at your foot now, but it won't remain there. "
ballooning , [vbl. sb.]
(1893) A. S. Eccles Sciatica 3 "In the remaining nine cases there was more or less ballooning of the rectum."
(1985) Aviation Week &. Space Technol. 23 Sept. 14/2 "A previously established gross takeoff weight target of 50,000 lb. remains in effect... `We're confident we're in the right ballpark now,' Russ said."
banking , [vbl. sb.]
(1853) Kane Grinnell Exp. xxxv. (1856) 321, "I observed one spot where the banking remained."
bannock .
(1860) All Y. Round No. 45. 440 "Barley bannocks and oat cake long remained the staff of life in villages in Scotland. "
bar , [v.]
(1822) T. Taylor Apuleius' Gold. Ass vi. 132 "Having barred the barking of the dog by..the remaining sop. "
bare , [a.] , [adv.] , [sb.]
(1755) Smollett Quix. (1803) I. 233 "Bare I was born, and bare I remain. "
barnacle , [sb. 1]
(1625) tr. Gonsalvio's Sp. Inquis. 145 "Clapped a Barnacle vpon his tongue, which remained there vntill the fire had consumed it. "
barretter .
(1940) Chambers's Techn. Dict. 77/2 "Barretter, an iron wire resistance mounted in a glass bulb containing hydrogen, and having a temperature coefficient so arranged that the variation of resistance produced ensures that the current in the circuit to which it is connected remains constant over a wide range of voltage. "
Barton (2) .
(1847) J. Prestwich in Q. Jrnl. Geol. Soc. III. 357 "Having thus associated the London clay with the Barton beds..the organic remains..were taken as belonging to one and the same deposit. "
base , [sb. 1]
(1925) J. Joly Surface-Hist. Earth vii. 114 "The base-levelled remains of pre-Cambrian mountains or of the ancestral Rockies. "
based , [pa. pple.]
(1925) E. F. Norton Fight for Everest 1924 57 "No. 1 party was to..remain based there for the purpose of getting the next camp on to the North Col."
bashalic bashalick
(1682) Wheler Journ. Greece iii. 238 "It..remaineth yet a Bashalique, although of late governed by a Deputy. "
basket , [sb.]
(1908) Westm. Gaz. 26 Sept. 8/2 "Scotland trout-fishing remains open..and some nice baskets are being made. "
basketry .
(1957) Encycl. Brit. III. 180/2 "No satisfactory automatic basket-weaving machinery was perfected. True basketry, therefore, remains a handicraft."
bastarda .
(1934) A. F. Johnson Type Design 31 "The French `lettre bâ.tarde' then passed out of use..but in Germany the Bastarda has remained the national type. "
(1562) Act 5 Eliz. xxiii. §.8 "The same Party..shall remain in the Prison..without Bail, Baston or Mainprize. "
(1671) F. Phillips Reg. Necess. 475 "Committed to the Tower of London, there to remain one year without bayle, baston or Mainprize."
bate , [sb. 2]
(1798) Ann. Reg. 35/2 "The bate or surplus of the chain remained suspended."
bathing , [vbl. sb.]
(1809) Ld. Malmesbury in G. Rose Diaries (1860) II. 355 "Remaining a week for the purpose of bathing."
Bathurst burr .
(1904) S. Rudd Sandy's Selection 4 "The remaining hundred and fifty-six were under scrub, prickly-pear, wallaby-bush and Bathurst burr. "
Batrachia , [sb. pl.]
(1847) Carpenter Zool. §.514 "In the Proteid&ae., or perenni-branchiate Batrachia, the gills remain during the whole of life. "
batter , [v. 1]
(1578) Fenton Guicciard. (1618) 30 "So that the Florentines by this meanes should remaine battered. "
battery .
(1911) D. S. Hulfish Cycl. Motion-Pict. Work II. 137 "The remaining proportion of light may be supplied by lighting a partial battery of lamps. "
bay , [sb. 2]
(1913) R. McNab Old Whaling Days i. 6 "During the following month-November-the remaining bay whalers returned to Sydney. "
bean , [sb.]
(1818) Scott Hrt. Midl. xviii, "He shall hide himself in a bean-hool if he remains on Scottish ground without my finding him. "
beard , [sb.]
(1757) Burke Abridgm. Eng. Hist. Wks. X. 184 "The Britons..shaved the beard on the chin, that on the upper lip was suffered to remain. "
(A. 1700) Dryden (J.) "Some thin remains of chastity appeared Ev'n under Jove, but Jove without a beard. "
beast , [v.]
(1768) Acad. of Play 83 "He who looks at the cards that remain in the Stock is beasted. "
beat , [v. 1] [str.] &. [wk.]
(1784) King Voy. (1790) V. 1712 "We remained several days beating up, but in vain, to regain our former birth. "
bed , [sb.]
(1974) Observer 17 Feb. 15/4 "Bed and breakfast operations..allow investors to establish a gains tax loss yet effectively remain in the same shares on which losses have accumulated... Bed and breakfasting has become more and more popular over the years. "
(1899) Daily News 30 Sept. 6/1 "Night by night he remained at the office till the last, seeing the paper to bed (to use the old-fashioned phrase), and examining the first copies printed. "
Bedouin , [sb.] (and [a.] )
(1635) Pagitt Christianogr. i. ii. (1636) 71 "A few Christians remaining, called Bedwins. "
bee (1) .
(1816) J. Scott Vis. Paris 239 "The remains found in the tomb of Childeric, were chiefly gold bees, from which Buonaparte took the hint of covering his mantle..with representations of that insect."
bee (2) .
(C. 1860) H. Stuart Seaman's Catech. 74 "Where it rests on the stem is the bed, and the remainder the beeseating. "
behind , [adv.] , [prep.] ( [sb.] )
(1630) Wadsworth Sp. Pilgr. vii. 71 "The remainder of the regiment..[was] giuen to Sir Iames Creeton, there being behind Captain Lucy..with diuerse other..Captaines."
behindhand , [adv.] (and [a.] )
(1853) Robertson Serm. Ser. ii. vii. 101 "Was there..something behindhand of Christ's sufferings remaining uncompleted?"
being , [vbl. sb.]
(1581) Fulke in Confer. iii. (1584) Y, "The proper substance of Christes body remaineth not, but a generall being thereof. "
belonging , [vbl. sb.]
(1879) Whitney Skr. Gram. 275 "There remain, as cases of doubtful belonging, etc."
bemire , [v.]
(1574) Hellowes Gueuara's Ep. (1577) 354 "If we sinke not to the bottome, at the leaste we remaine all bemyred. "
benefit , [sb.]
(1927) Carr-Saunders &. Jones Soc. Struct. Eng. &. Wales 150 "The applicant may at the discretion of the Ministry of Labour receive `extended' benefit for the remainder of the benefit year. "
bereft , [ppl. a.]
(1699) Pomfret Love triumph. over Reason 194 "Not quite bereft Of sense, tho' very small remains were left. "
Berliner .
(1859) L. Wraxall tr. Robert-Houdin's Mem. II. vi. 172 "The reception I obtained from the Berliner will ever remain one of my pleasantest reminiscences. "
beseech , [v.]
(1835) Beckford Recoll. 183, "I beseeched him..to remain quiet. "
bet , [sb.]
(1909) Cent. Dict. Suppl., "Bet, in faro, a card which is a case, that is, the only one of that denomination remaining in the box: so called because the player cannot be split."
Bevanism .
(1980) Economist 15 Nov. 115/3 "Note the word `Bevanite'. The left-right divisions of the Labour party remain."
beyond , [adv.] and [prep.]
(C. 1600) Shaks. Sonn. cxxii, "Which shall..remain Beyond all date, even to eternity. "
(1762) Hume Hist. Eng. (1826) V. xli. 228 "Those who should remain beyond that time..should be guilty of treason. "
bi- [pref. 2] ,
(1978) Daily Tel. 2 Dec. 1/7 "The remainder are weeklies, bi-weeklies and three provincial Sunday newspapers."
Bible .
(1827) Cunningham N.S. Wales II. xxx. 252 "None remained but the old fence, who continued Bible-reading to the end of the voyage. "
bibliographical [a.]
(1679) (title) "Baconiana, Or Certain Genuine Remains of Sr. Francis Bacon..in Arguments Civil and Moral, Natural,..and Bibliographical. "
bien , [adv.]
(1958) Listener 7 Aug. 209/2 "The pitiful, hasty funeral from which the local bien-pensants remain away. "
big , [a.]
(1947) R. de Toledano Frontiers of Jazz xiii. 137 "It remains the best big band jazz. "
(1935) M. M. Atwater Murder in Midsummer xxviii. 261 "Of the big-time news-hawks who had gathered in Keedora, only Matter remained. "
bilge , [sb.]
(1866) Daily Tel. 7 Nov., "We were only blown over on our other bilge, and remained fast."
bill , [sb. 3]
(1884) Gladstone in Standard 29 Feb. 2/7 "We knew..that the Bill must remain a Bill, and could never have become an Act of Parliament."
bill [v. 3]
(1728) Ramsay Wks. (1848) III. 137 "Poor Pousies..bill'd the judge, that he wad please To give them the remaining cheese."
bio- ,
(1955) Bull. Atomic Sci. May 200/2 "The only biomedical data which remains classified is in piecemeal or incomplete form and therefore inadequate for use by the medical profession. "
biogenesis .
(1959) New Scientist 27 Aug. 302/2 "The mode of biogenesis of cellulose still remains one of the major unsolved problems of carbohydrate chemistry."
biography , [sb.]
(1883) Halliwell-Phillipps Life Shaks. Pref. 8 "The scanty records of the poet's biography that yet remain."
biological , [a.] (and [sb.] )
(1942) J. S. Huxley Evolution v. 166 "Groups..remain separate in spite of the complete or almost complete absence of morphological differences. In many such cases (e.g. in `biological' or `physiological races'), the allocation of specific rank must be a mere matter of opinion and convenience. "
biologize [v.]
(1874) Carpenter Ment. Phys. (1876) 553 "The Mind of the Biologized `subject' seems to remain entirely dormant. "
biota .
(1957) Nature 4 May 892/2 "The need for planned observational work on the airborne biota still remains."
biotype .
(1906) W. Johannsen in Rep. Third Internat. Conference Genetics 98 "It remains quite uncertain whether the numbers..contain a multitude, or a few, or only one single `sort' of organism-`biotypes' as I have called them. "
bipunctual , [a.]
(1878) Amer. Jrnl. Math. I. 152 "As long as the direction of reference remains fixed, the only change that can be made in a system of bipunctual coordinates is an alteration in the position of the initials. "
birth , [sb. 1]
(1528) Tindale Doctr. Treat. (1848) 301 "By the reason of original sin, or *birth-poison, that remaineth in him. "
biscuit .
(1600) Shaks. A.Y.L. ii. vii. 39 "As drie as the remainder bisket After a voyage. "
bistable , [a.]
(1970) Nature 24 Oct. 319/2 "It is, however, possible to obtain bistable switching action in which the device remains indefinitely in the desired `on' or `off' state until specifically switched out of it."
bit , [sb. 1]
(1890) Field 6 Sept. 393 "At the top of the hill we cast off our leader, the remaining four go in their collars and up to their bits. "
(1962) Listener 1 Nov. 739/3 "North remained on the bit for so long [in Bridge bidding] that his partner's interest in a slam could not be awakened."
bite , [sb.]
(1882) Blades Caxton 130 "In `Speculum Vit&ae. Christi' we actually find `a bite,' half of the bottom line remaining unprinted."
bitter [sb. 3]
(1867) Smyth Sailor's Word-bk. 103 "A ship is `brought up to a bitter' when the cable is allowed to run out to that stop..When a chain or rope is paid out to the bitter-end, no more remains to be let go."
bitumene .
(1873) Fownes Chem. 758 "Bitumene, a blackish liquid, remains in the retort at a dull red heat, and solidifies on cooling."
black [sb.]
(C. 1816) Yng. Woman's Comp. 196 "Let the blamange settle before you turn it into the forms, or the blacks will remain at the bottom. "
black house
(1911) W. C. Mackenzie in N. Munro Home Life of Highlanders 38 "In some of the outlying districts..there are phases of life that have apparently remained unaltered since the Middle Ages. They are typified by the `black houses', many of which are still to be found in the Long Island. "
black spot
(1936) Discovery Nov. 355/2 "The development of newer industries is vital to the recovery of our distressed areas, which remain the one black spot in the otherwise remarkable position of Great Britain. "
black water
(1977) P. Scott Staying On xv. 199 "He would spend his remaining years like a little dog at Lila's heels, panting after her all round India and perhaps beyond the black water."
blade , [sb.]
(1674) Petty Disc. bef. R. Soc. 59 "Suppose, that the Oars remain the same length, but that the Blade be doubled. "
blameful , [a.]
(1642) Milton Apol. Smect. Wks. 1738 I. 130 "Those who..blamefully permitted the old leven to remain."
blank , [sb.]
(1759) Franklin Ess. Wks. 1840 III. 525 "The remainder of that day was wasted..The next was a blank likewise. "
blank , [v.]
(1963) Guardian 7 Mar. 3/2 "Three-wheeled vehicles with the reverse gear `blanked off'..remain Group `A' vehicles..attracting a higher rate of duty."
blanket , [sb.]
(1920) Chambers's Jrnl. Apr. 220/1 "Only one small tin of corned beef remained in his *blanket-pack. "
blast , [v.]
(1969) Times 17 May 8/1 "It only remains for three veteran space travellers..to blast off on Sunday."
blea , [sb.]
(1753) Chambers Cycl. Suppl. s.v., "While the blea remains yet soft..it may maintain a feeble vegetation. "
blender .
(1984) N.Y. Times 22 Jan. vi. 48/3 "Cut the remaining salmon into small cubes and put them in the container of a food processor or electric blender."
bloc .
(1903) Ann. Reg. 1902 272 "The Government remained in the hands of the bloc; and the Radical-Socialist party was free to proceed with the enforcement of the law with regard to the Congregations. "
block , [sb.]
(1866) Bryant Death Slavery vii, "There shall the grim block remain, At which the slave was sold."
(1916) C. J. Dennis Songs Sentimental Bloke 118 "To lose or do in the block, to become flustered; excited; angry; to lose confidence. To keep the block, to remain calm, dispassionate. "
blood , [sb.]
(1915) Jrnl. Exper. Med. XXII. 213 "When the *blood urea remains constant the rate times the square root of the concentration in the urine remains constant. "
bloom , [sb. 1]
(1888) Encycl. Brit. XXIV. 602/2 "The smell common to all wines (which remains in an empty wine cask after the bloom proper has gone)."
blotted , [ppl. a.]
(1751) Johnson Rambl. No. 169 &page.11 "The blotted manuscripts of Milton now remaining. "
boarship .
(1796) Southey Lett. Spain &. Port. (1799) 140 "His boarship remained unhurt, and was suffered to go to his den."
boat , [sb.]
(1769) Falconer Dict. Marine (1789) "*Boat-Keeper, one of the rowers, who remains..to take care of any boat. "
bocardo bokardo .
(1772) Wharton Newman's Verses, "Rare tidings for the wretch whose ling'ring score Remains unpaid, bocardo is no more. "
bodikin bodikie
(1668) Culpepper &. Cole Barthol. Anat. ii. vi. 106 "Small Boddikies or indivisible Particles of the Blood..If any reliques of the said Bodikies did remain. "
body , [sb.]
(1753) Chambers Cycl. Supp. s.v., "A man is said to be bound or held in Body and goods; that is, he is liable to remain in prison; in default of payment. "
Boghead boghead .
(1960) Gloss. Coal Terms (B.S.I.) 6 "Boghead coal, Torbanite, coal resembling cannel coal in physical appearance and properties, but distinguished microscopically by the presence of the remains of algae."
bold , [a.]
(1611) Shaks. Cymb. ii. iv. 2, "I would I were so sure To winne the King, as I am bold, her Honour Will remaine her's. "
Bonapartism .
(1815) T. Jefferson Writ. (1830) IV. 247 "Disgraced by an association in opposition with the remains of Bonaparteism. "
bond , [sb. 1]
(1979) Tucson (Arizona) Daily Citizen 20 Sept. 7c/3 "O'Brien has remained free on bond during the appeals process."
bone , [sb.]
(1903) L. M. E. Solon Old Eng. Porcelain, 220 "This evergreen `bone china' has remained unaltered ever since the first pieces of it came out of Spode's oven. "
bonnet , [sb.]
(1877) Kinglake Crimea III. v. 364 "Three out of the four remaining angles of the octagon were furnished with small bonnettes and barbettes."
boodle (2) .
(1862) Kingsley in Macm. Mag. Dec. 96 "A good many people..have seen all the world, and yet remain little better than blokes and boodles after all."
book , [v.]
(1844) Dickens Mart. Chuz. li. 592 "The other [man], seating himself on the steps of the coach, remained in conversation with Slyme... `He's booked,' observed the man. `Through,' said Slyme. "
boor .
(1762) Hume Hist. Eng. (1806) III. App. iii. 633 "Some remains of the ancient slavery of the boors and peasants. "
boot-strap bootstrap , [sb.]
(1962) Gloss. Terms Automatic Data Processing (B.S.I.) 42 "Bootstrap, 1. A form of program input in which simple preset computer operations are used to read in initial instructions which in turn cause further instructions to be read until the complete program is assembled. 2. The process of using parts of a compiler to construct the remainder of the same compiler. "
booty , [sb.]
(1831) Disraeli Yng. Duke (L.), "One thing remained to be lost-what he called his honour, which was already on the scent to play booty."
bo-peep .
(1658) Osborn Jas. I. (1673) 526 "Forced to..die in a Prison, or play at Bo-peep all the remainder of their days with their Creditors. "
bore , [v. 1]
(1780) Coxe Russ. Disc. 334 "All the worm-eaten roots are rejected; the remainder are bored through. "
borize , [v.]
(1884) W. M. Williams Borized Meats in Gentl. Mag., "The borized haunch remained perfectly untainted..The circulation of the borized blood might be continued."
borne , [a.]
(1850) Househ. Words 3 Aug. 434/1 "The Rockvilles remained high, proud, bigotted, and born&eacu.. "
Boskop .
(1926) Bantu Studies II. 219 "Comparison has been made mainly with the Boskopoid remains from Zitzikama reported upon..during the last two years, and with the descriptions of the original Boskop remains. "
Boswellize [v.]
(1855) Tait's Mag. XXII. 444/2 "We had rather the many-sided man should remain to us the mystery he is, than be Boswellised after the fashion which is now current. "
botch , [sb. 2]
(1829) J. Kenney Illust. Stranger ii. i. 24 "Some botch of an embalmer, who had not done justice to Your princely remains. "
bottine .
(1866) Illust. Lond. News 2 June 546 "The fashionable bottines have merely the toes of leather, the remainder of the boot being of some thin textile fabric. "
bottle , [sb. 2]
(1837) Southern Lit. Messenger III. 656 " They have yet founded no city to themselves..but are willing to remain the boot-cleaners and the *bottle-washers of the whites. "
bottom , [sb.]
(1878) Huxley Physiogr. 152 "The surface freezes while the *bottom-water remains several degrees warmer."
bottomry .
(1748) Anson Voy. i. i. 9 "The remaining [&pstlg.] 5000 they raised on bottomry bonds. "
(1672) Sir T. Browne Let. to Friend ix. (1881) 134 "His inwards and flesh remaining could make no bouffage, but a light bit for the grave."
bounden , [ppl. a.]
(C. 1585) Faire Em i. 222, "I thank your highness, whose bounden I remain. "
bowing [sb.]
(1808-79) Jamieson Dict. s.v., "To tak a farm in a bowin, to take a lease of a farm in grass, with the life stock on it; this still remaining the property of the landholder, or person who lets it. Ayrs. "
box , [sb. 2]
(1881) Detroit Free Press 26 Sept. 1/5 "Weidman..will have to go into the box for the remaining four games. "
(1870) E. R. Lankester in Q. Jrnl. Geol. Soc. XXVI. 499, "I have..spent a good deal of time in working at the nodules, which I propose to call `*Box-stones', since the name of `boxes' has been applied to those which exhibit the remains of a shell on being broken open by the phosphate-diggers of Suffolk. "
(1880) Printing Times 15 May 116/1 "One or two remaining Abkhasian boxwood forests."
brace , [v. 1]
(1836) Thirlwall Greece II. xv. 306 "Nothing now remained but to brace every nerve for the battle. "
branch , [sb.]
(1655) Fuller Ch. Hist. viii. ii. §.6 "It was vain to strike at the branches, whilest the roote of all Hereticks doth remain. "
(1858) W. Ellis Visits Madagasc. ix. 242 "At the adjacent *branch station..we remained a week. "
breadness .
(1866) Church Times 28 Apr., "The idea that there is no substance, that is to say, no breadness of the Bread remaining. "
break , [v.]
(1580) Baret Alv. B 1200 "The workes be broken and remaine vnperfite for a time. "
(1904) A. J. Newton Boxing viii. 67 "So clinched, they remain..on the lookout for an opportunity to break away in the most favourable manner. "
breathing , [vbl. sb.]
(1946) Jane's Fighting Ships 1944-5 229/2 "The `Schnorkel', or breathing tube,..enabled submarines to remain submerged for much longer periods."
(1662) Fuller Worthies iii. 38 "Monuments..remaining without breck or blemish to this day."
bridge , [sb. 1]
(1884) G. C. Davies Norfolk Broads xxi. 156 "As we got under the lee of the bridge the wind failed us and we remained motionless in the bridge-way."
briquetage .
(1960) Lincs. Archit. &. Arch&ae.ol. Soc. VIII. 70 "The word `briquetage'..can be used to include debris produced by so many different activities, from potting and salting to corndrying, and it can also include material which may be purely domestic, such as the remains of hearths and chimneys, or the clay walls of buildings which have been burnt."
brisk , [a.] and [sb.]
(1833) Ht. Martineau Br. Creek iii. 64 "A brisk traffic took place in the remaining articles."
brock [sb. 5]
(1770) Hasted in Phil. Trans. LXI. 164 "In the ancient forests of Kent..remain large old chesnut stubs or brocks."
brother [v.]
(A. 1648) Ld. Herbert Life (1826) 327 "There remains now but you and I to brother it."
brown , [a.]
(1836) Knickerbocker VIII. 390 "His poor remains..in one corner.. -a brown stone at his head and foot. "
brut , [sb.]
(1847) Yeowell Anc. Brit. Church Pref. 7 "The only other remains still extant of Ancient Welsh literature consist of Bruts, or Chronicles. "
buffoon , [sb.]
(1585) James I. Ess. Poesie (Arb.) 31 "We remaine With Iuglers, buffons, and that foolish seames. "
Bulgar , [sb.]
(1886) Encycl. Brit. XXI. 78/2 "The Bulgars, whose origin still remains doubtful. "
(1594) Carew Huarte's Exam. Wits iii. (1596) 25 "There will remaine..the forehead and the nape with a little bunchinesse. "
bundle , [sb.]
(1802) Med. &. Phys. Jrnl. VIII. 368 "The Mollusca..have all the remainder of the common bundle of nerves..contained in the same cavity with the other viscera. "
bunyip .
(1852) Mundy Antipodes (1858) ix. 215 "Bunyip became, and remains a Sydney synonyme for impostor, pretender, humbug, and the like. "
bur burr , [sb.]
(1725) Lond. Gaz. No. 6397/2 "Several Burs, Remains of the Farcy. "
burble [v. 1]
(1934) Punch 7 Mar. 280/2 "Lady Placidia was a confirmed burbler, and if at times she is in danger of exceeding her burbling allowance, she remains entirely lovable and amusing."
burgher , [sb.]
(1773) J. Smith Hist. Sk. Relief Ch. 41 "The Burgher clergy maintained that it [the Synod] remained in their society, while the Antiburghers endeavoured to prove that they carried it away with them to Mr. Gibb's manse. "
burglar , [v.]
(1909) Daily Chron. 31 Aug. 1/2 "`Raffles' remains a more endeared and far more possible character than the burglaring `Duke'. "
burglary (1) .
(1975) A. D. Hechtman in McKinney's Consolidated Laws N.Y. 35 "Burglary in the third degree is committed when a person knowingly enters or remains unlawfully in a building with intent to commit a crime therein. If such a building happens to be a dwelling, and the invasion occurs in the night time,..the intruder is..guilty of the more serious crime of burglary in the second degree [etc.]. "
(1794) Stat. Acc. Scotl. XI. 528 (Westerkirk) "There is a great number of burians in this parish. These are all of a circular form, and are from 36 to 50 yards diameter. They are supposed by some to be remains of Pictish encampments. "
burr bur , [sb. 4]
(1611) Florio, "Bocchina..that stalke or necke of a bullet which in the casting remaines in the necke of the mould, called of our Gunners the bur of the bullet. "
burrow , [sb. 1]
(1879) Jefferies Wild Life in S.C. 38 "In heavy rain..they [rabbits] generally remain within their buries."
(1424) Sc. Acts Jas. I (1597) §.8 "All the greate and smal customes, and burrow-mailles of the Realme, abide and remaine with the King till his living. "
business .
(1901) Merwin &. Webster Calumet `K' i. 15 "All that remained was to wait until the business agent made the next move. "
but , [prep.] , [conj.] , [adv.]
Mod. "There remains no more but to thank you for your courteous attention."
(1780) Madan Thelyph. I. 3 "It is not impossible but that the light of that great reformer had remained hidden under the bushel of monkery."
butchered , [ppl. a.]
(1837) W. Irving Capt. Bonneville I. 191 "The remains of their butchered leader. "
butt , [sb. 3]
(1862) Ansted Channel Isl. ii. ix. (ed. 2) 238 "The creature when deprived of food, throwing off part after part, till nothing remains but a little spherical butt."
butter , [sb. 1]
(1672) Grew Phil. Hist. Plants §.51 "No Oyl which remained liquid; but instead of that a Butyr, almost of the Consistence and Colour of the Oyl of Mace. "
butterfly , [sb.]
(1882) in West. Morn. News 25 Nov. 5/6 "The ascending cage was hurled into the headgear, smashing the butterflies and breaking the engine rope, and had it not been for the remaining butterflies the cage must have fallen to the bottom."
button , [sb.]
(1888) C. M. Doughty Trav. Arabia Deserta II. xv. 452, "I washed the wound..but a red button remained. "
bye , [sb.]
(1887) Golfing 92 "Bye. Any hole or holes that remain to be played after the match is finished, are played for singly; unless the sides agree to make another match of them. "
(1611) Speed Hist. Gt. Brit. vi. xvi. 96 "Many remnants [of causeways] remaine, especially in pastures, or by-grounds out of the rode way."
by-law bye-law .
(1875) Stubbs Const. Hist. I. v. 91 "In the courts of the manor are transacted the other remaining portions of the old township jurisdiction; the enforcing of pains and penalties on the breakers of by-laws, etc."
byname by-name , [sb.]
(1655) Fuller Ch. Hist. iii. ii. §.52 "Some of these by-names..remained many years after to them, and theirs; amongst which Plantagenist was entailed on the Royal bloud of England. "
by-pass , [sb.]
(1955) Times 26 Aug. 4/5 "In a conventional jet engine all the air is compressed and then heated by the injection of burning fuel, expanded through the turbine, and finally ejected at high velocity. In a by-pass engine only a proportion of the air is compressed and heated; the remainder by-passes the combustion system and turbine and rejoins the heated gases in the jet pipe, to mix with them and lower their temperature before the whole mixture is ejected at a lower speed than that in the `simple' jet engine."
cabotin .
(1930) J. Agate Red Letter Nights (1944) 129 "There remain those impudences..which fell from Duse like sour benedictions, from Sarah with the cabotine's natural, slightly vulgar good nature. "
cachinnatory , [a.]
(1828) Blackw. Mag. XXIV. 188 "Shall our cachinnatory muscles remain rigid? "
cadre .
(1974) Ann. Rev. 1973 316 "The role of cadre schools as places of re-education, where officials could participate in physical labour and political study, remained important. "
(1598) Stow Surv. 361 "Part of the ruines of the old Temple were seene to remaine builded of Cane stone. "
Caerphilly .
(1958) M. Dickens Man Overboard xv. 243 "His face remained the colour of Caerphilly cheese."
Caesarean Caesarian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1948) Parent's Mag. Apr. 93/1 "Hospitals generally let mothers recovering from a Caesarean remain longer than the ordinary five-day limit. "
cal .
(1875) Ure Dict. Arts III. 1039 "There remains a quantity of this mineral substance (gal). "
calcine , [v.]
(1799) G. Smith Laborat. I. 77 "A little nitre thrown into the crucible, which effectually calcines the remaining regulus of antimony. "
calico .
(1841-44) Emerson Ess. Prudence Wks. (Bohn) I. 99 "Calicoes [cannot] go out of fashion..in the few swift moments..the Yankee suffers..them to remain in his possession. "
caliphate .
(1614) Selden Titles Honor 93 "Whil'st the Chaliphat remained vndeuided. "
calix .
(1801) Med. Jrnl. V. 284 "Remaining in one of the calices or infundibula in the kidneys. "
callable , [a.]
(1959) Economist 18 Apr. 237/2 "With $450 million of the amount for hard loans remaining callable as backing for ordinary bond issues."
cambial , [a.]
(1882) Vines Sach's Bot. 130 "A middle layer of the cambial cells always remains capable of division."
camorra .
(1883) Chamb. Jrnl. 78 "The Camorrist remains the personification of power and heroism to the Neapolitan."
camp , [sb. 2]
(1828-40) Tytler Hist. Scot. (1864) I. 153 "The servants who remained in the *camp-huts. "
cancel , [v.]
(1798) Hutton Course Math. (1827) I. 161 "Here the 2 to carry cancels the &min. 2, and there remains the &min. 1 to set down."
cancellate , [a.]
(1835) Lindley Introd. Bot. (1848) II. 362 "Cancellate, when the parenchyma is wholly absent, and the veins alone remain, anastomosing and forming a kind of net-work. "
candle , [sb.]
(1727-51) Chambers Cycl. s.v., "There is also a kind of Excommunication by Inch of Candle; wherein, the time a lighted Candle continues burning, is allowed the sinner to come to repentance; but after which, he remains excommunicated to all intents and purposes."
canonical , [a.] (and [sb.] )
(1796) Monthly Rev. XIX. 545 "He..remained the canonical geographer of the antients. "
canteen .
(1796) Calvary Instruct. (1803) 216 "On a march, servants, led horses, and canteen horses remain with their squadrons. "
cap , [sb. 1]
(1662) Fuller Worthies iv. 50 "The best caps were formerly made at Monmouth, where the Cappers Chappel doth still remain. "
capable , [a.]
(1611) Tourneur Ath. Trag. v. i. Wks. 1878 I. 136 "If any roote of life remaines within 'em Capable of Phisicke, feare 'em not my Lord. "
capacity .
(A. 1672) Wood Life (1848) 23 "Being just..in capacity of spending the remainder of his dayes in ease and quietness, he died. "
capillitium .
(1871) Cooke Fungi (1874) 34 "The spinulose projections from the capillitium..are the remains of pedicels. "
(1875) Bennett &. Dyer tr. Sachs' Bot. 255 "The mass of slender filaments remains as a delicate Capillitium."
capsize , [v.]
(1805) A. Duncan Mariner's Chron. IV. 75 "The captain..expressed his surprise that the ship should remain so long on her beam-ends, in such a heavy sea, without capsizing. "
cap-stone .
(1879) Lubbock Addr. Pol. &. Educ. ix. 157 "A dolmen..of which only the capstone now remains."
capsulotomy .
(1969) S. Duke-Elder Syst. Ophthalmol. XI. i. iii. 272 "The subsequent capsulotomy which is required if the posterior capsule remains intact should be undertaken soon after the eye has become quiet."
caravel .
(1843) Prescott Mexico (1850) I. 221 "The vessel..in which Cortes himself went, was of a hundred tons' burden..the remainder were caravels and open brigantines. "
carbon , [sb.]
(1794) G. Adams Nat. &. Exp. Philos. I. xii. 496 "Their carbonne is supposed to be the remaining part of charcoal after it has been divested of earth and fixed salts. "
carbonated , [a.]
(1887) Pall Mall G. 16 Dec. 11/1 "To separate the carbonated lead from what remains of the metallic."
carcass carcase , [sb.]
(1637) Heywood Royal Ship 3 "In the very Apex and top thereof [Mt Ararat], there is still to be discerned a blacke Shadow, resembling a Darke Cloud..by the Natives..held, to be the still remaining carkasse of the Arke of Noah. "
career , [sb.]
(1936) Yale Rev. XXV. 288 "Other steps essential to a well-rounded career service remain to be taken... The prospect of permanent undersecretaryships for career men needs to be realized. "
(1885) J. Chamberlain in Cobden Club Dinner, Special Rep. 11 "It is only upon those terms that what will be known in history as the `Stop-gap' Government can invite the toleration of its opponents... I see no reason why they should not remain as caretakers on the premises-(great laughter and cheering)-until the new tenants are ready in November for a prolonged..occupation. "
carnival .
(1739) Gray Let. to West 16 Nov., "This Carnival lasts only from Christmas to Lent; one half of the remaining part of the year is past in remembering the last, the other in expecting the future Carnival. "
carried , [ppl. a.]
(1844) Regul. &. Ord. Army 265 "Remain with their arms carried."
carrier .
(1955) Gaiger &. Davies Vet. Path. &. Bacteriol. (ed. 4) vii. 152 "Convalescent animals are often carriers... In some diseases..the carrier state may remain for years and the animal becomes a danger to other susceptible animals."
carrion , [sb.] (and [a.] )
(1860) Pusey Min. Proph. 454 "The carrion-remains should be entombed only in the bowels of vultures and dogs."
carry , [v.]
Mod. "The remaining clauses were carried unanimously."
(1833) Instr. &. Reg. Cavalry i. 60 "The men remain at `Carry Swords', till ordered to `Slope'. "
carvy .
(1820) Blackw. Mag. Oct. 14 (Jam.) "She had preserved, since the great tea-drinking..the remainder of the two ounces of carvey, bought for that memorable occasion."
case , [sb. 2]
(1953) tr. F. C. Gerretson's Hist. R. Dutch I. v. 226 "In order to sell the remaining supplies of Russian case oil, the cases had to be removed first."
cash , [sb. 1]
(1984) Financial Times 2 June i. 4 "Charges for cashpoint withdrawals and direct debits will remain at 20p."
(1911) A. E. Sprague Treat. Insurance Companies' Accounts iii. 26 "The cash value of bonuses surrendered when the policy itself remains in force. "
casse (2) .
(1883) J. Gardner Brewer, Distiller 226 "If the breakage, or casse, as it is termed, has not exceeded 7 or 8 per cent. by the time August is reached, he..lets the wine remain. "
cast , [sb.]
(1646) Sir T. Browne Pseud. Ep. 149 "After the first cast, there remaine successive conceptions."
casting , [vbl. sb.]
(1874) Wood Nat. Hist. 282 "In the `castings' of this species have been found the remains of mice. "
Castor (6) .
(1828) E. T. Artis Durobrivae of Antoninus Pl. 48 "Fine red Ware in relief, collected in excavating the remains of a Roman Pottery in the parish of Castor. "
castrensian , [a.]
(1807) G. Chalmers Caledonia I. i. iv. 125 "No castrensian remains. "
castrum .
(1850) C. R. Smith Antiq. Richborough 31 "The remains of the castrum at Richborough. "
cat , [sb. 1]
(1669) Worlidge Syst. Agric. ix. §.2 (1681) 177 "A Salt-Cat..which makes the Pigeons much affect the place: and such that casually come there, usually remain where they find such good entertainment."
catafalque , catafalco
(1834) Gentl. Mag. CIV. i. 104 "A rich catafalque was erected in the centre, in which the remains of the Marshal were deposited during the service."
catastrophist .
(1879) Spencer Data of Ethics iv. §.17 "For a generation after geologists had become uniformitarians in Geology, they remained catastrophists in Biology. "
catching , [vbl. sb.]
(1894) A. Robertson Nuggets 4 "He dashed into the catching pen, and seized the smaller of two sheep that remained. "
catoche .
(1707) Floyer Physic. Pulse-Watch 129 "The Pulse in the Catoche remain'd entire."
cattle , [sb.]
(1960) Farmer &. Stockbreeder 9 Feb. 98/1 "The three small cattle-yards which house the remaining 300 hogs."
caulinar [a.]
(1870) Bentley Bot. 171 "When they remain as little leaflets on each side of the base of the petiole, but quite distinct from it, they are called caulinary."
caution , [sb.]
(1876) Grant Burgh Sch. Scotl. ii. iii. 132 "To remain in ward until he find caution not to contravene the act of council."
cave , [sb. 1]
(1865) Lubbock Preh. Times 237 "The remains of the *cave-bear are abundant in Central Europe. "
cedent , [a.] and [sb.]
(1592) Sc. Acts Jas. VI (1597) §.145 "The cedent remainis Rebelle and at the Horne. "
ceiling cieling , [vbl. sb.]
(1627) Capt. Smith Seaman's Gram. ii. 13 "There remaines nothing..but onely seeling the Cabins. "
celt (2) .
(1878) W. H. Dall Later Preh. Man 8 "A skeleton interred in the earth, together with the remains of a small iron celt."
centre center , [sb.] and [a.]
(1868) Holme Lee B. Godfrey xxxvi. 195 "He..remained standing by the centre-table. "
centre center , [v.]
(1719) W. Wood Surv. Trade 144 "We have a Balance..to the value of 1,750,000l. which centers and remains among us."
centry [sb.]
(A. 1834) Coleridge Lit. Rem. I. 342 "Centries..put under the arches of a bridge, to remain no longer than until the latter are consolidated."
ceratodus .
(1899) Daily News 10 Apr. 8/2 "The ceratodus, a fish with lungs, which, though its fossil remains are scattered over the world, is now confined to two rivers in the south of Queensland, the Mary and the Burnett."
ceremony .
(1770) Langhorne Plutarch (1879) I. 161/2 "The vestals remained a considerable time at C&ae.re..and hence those rites were called Ceremonies. "
(1879) Watts Dict. Chem., 3rd Supp. 421 "The brown-red hexagonal [sulphur] salt remains also a ceroso-ceric salt according to the new atomic weight."
certify , [v.]
(1829) Southey in For. Rev. &. Cont. Misc. III. 49 "Those for whom the priests would certify might remain. "
cetacean , [a.] and [sb.]
(1851) D. Wilson Preh. Ann. (1863) I. ii. 49 "The cetacean remains lay above the highest tide level."
ceteosaur .
(1872) Carpenter in Gd. Words 700 "In..[the great Oolitic formation] we have remains of gigantic Reptiles (such as the Cetiosaurus). "
chagrin , [sb.]
(A. 1744) Pope Letters (L.), "I grieve with the old, for so many additional inconveniences and chagrins, more than their small remain of life seemed destined to undergo. "
chain , [sb.]
(1802) Med. Jrn. VIII. 318 "These phenomena, however, only take place the moment the Galvanic chain is shut, or when it is suffered to remain shut..If the opposite action, occasioned at the moment the chain is separated, had entirely supplanted..the former."
chair , [sb. 1]
(1751) Chambers Cycl. s.v. Chain, "A gold chain..remains to the person after his being divested of that magistrature, as a mark that he has passed the Chair. "
chalk , [sb.]
(1880) Geikie Phys. Geog. iv. 191 "Chalk..is formed of the broken remains of minute forms of marine animal life."
chamber , [sb.]
(1711) Luttrell Brief Rel. (1857) VI. 695 "There was remaining in the chamber of London of the charity mony gathered for them upwards of 2000&pstlg.. "
champion , [sb. 1]
(C. 1742) J. Love Cricket iii. 106 "The last two Champions even now are in, And but three Notches yet remain to win. "
chaos .
(1531) Elyot Gov. (1875) 3 "Take awaie Ordre frome all thinges, what shulde than remaine? Certes nothing finally, except some man wold imagine eftesoones, Chaos, whiche of some is expounded, a confuse mixture. "
(1647) Clarendon Hist. Reb. iii. (1843) 74/1 "The whole mass of their designs, as well what remained in Chaos as what was Formed. "
chapel , [sb.]
(1874) Baring-Gould Lives of Saints 395 "Upon these remains Benedict built two oratories..and..round these chapels rose the monastery. "
(1789) Wesley Will. 25 Feb. in Coke &. Moore (1792) 515, "I desire my Gowns, Cassocks, Sashes, and Bands, may remain at the Chapel for the use of the Clergymen attending there. "
chapelle ardente .
(1824) J. Mackintosh Jrnl. 28 Sept. in R. J. Mackintosh Life (1835) II. 415 "Went to see the `Chapelle Ardente' at St. Denis, where the king's remains lie in state. "
charcoal , [sb.]
(1863) Watts Dict. Chem. I. 759 "If the supply of air is limited, only the more volatile ingredients [of wood] burn away, and the greater part of the carbon remains behind. This is the principle of the process of *charcoal-burning. "
charge , [v.]
(1854) Abbott Napoleon (1855) II. xxxv. 655 "The frigate charged with the mortal remains of Napoleon."
charger (2)
(1887) Pall Mall G. 14 Oct. 6/2 "As long as he remained a charger on the estate."
charity .
(1711) Luttrell Brief Rel. (1857) VI. 695 "There was remaining..of the *charity money gathered..upwards of 2000&pstlg.. "
charterless [a.]
Mod. "The borough forfeited its charter, and still remains charterless."
chasmogamy .
(1906) J. R. A. Davis tr. Knuth's Handbk. Flower Pollination I. 55 "The otherwise normally opening chasmogamous flowers remain closed. "
chattel .
(1767) Blackstone Comm. II. 173 "That by this means a remainder may be limited of a chattel interest, after a particular estate for life created in the same. "
(1876) Hardy Hand of Ethelb. I. 41 "One of those hostile days..when chatterbox ladies remain miserably in their homes. "
check , [v. 1]
(1774-82) Barclay Dict. "Check vb...in Commerce, to compare the flourished or ornamented part of a draught or bank-bill with that which remains in the book from whence it was cut. "
cheese , [sb. 1]
(1835) N. P. Willis Pencillings II. xxiv. 283 "They remained in dirty white tunics reaching to the floor, and very full at the bottom, so that with the regular motion of their whirl the wind blew them out into a circle, like what the girls in our country call `making cheeses'."
(1787) W. Marshall Norfolk II. 224 "Supposing the cheeseling to be made in the morning, it now remains in the press, untouched, until the evening."
Chelleo- .
(1935) Times Lit. Suppl. 14 Feb. 84/2 "Human remains and objects belonging to a Chelleo-Acheulean complex were found."
Cherokee , [sb.] and [a.]
(1721) in N. Carolina Col. Rec. 422 "The remaining 3800 Indians are the Cherokees. "
chieftain .
(1772) Pennant Tours Scotl. (1774) 207 "The islands still remained governed by powerful chieftains. "
chin , [sb. 1]
(1579) Tomson Calvin's Serm. Tim. 222/1 "Yet they remaine vnpunnished, yea they are holden vp by the chinne to harden them in their wickednesse. "
chip , [sb. 1]
(1874) Knight Dict. Mech. s.v., "The chip is loaded at the circular edge so as to float upright, about two thirds being immersed in water..The chip or log being thrown overboard catches in the water and remains about stationary there, while the cord unwinds as the vessel proceeds."
chip , [v. 1]
(1891) L. Hoffmann Cycl. Card &. Table Games 203 "Each person puts up an agreed amount by way of ante... To avoid dispute as to whose turn it may be, a pocket-knife, known as the `buck', is passed round, resting with the player whose turn it is to `chip' for the remainder. "
chirograph .
(1681) Lond. Gaz. No. 1633/4 "Notice, that whereas divers Fines that were lost or burnt in the late Fire in the Temple, remain uningrossed for want of bringing in the Chyrograps, or exemplifications thereof. "
chisel , [sb. 1]
(1908) Animal Managem. 241 "The `*chisel' head or sharp portion [of the frost nail] to remain above the [horse-]shoe. "
choir quire , [sb.]
(1879) Sir G. Scott Lect. Archit. II. 29 "Here..we have still remaining the *choir-crypt. "
choose , [v.]
(1768) Goldsm. Good-n. Man iv. i, "He chuses to remain concealed. "
chopping , [vbl. sb. 2]
(1810) Southey Lett. in Life III. xvi. 275, "I have no hope from chopping and changing while the materials must remain the same."
Chordata , [sb. pl.]
(1906) Chamberlin &. Salisbury Geol. II. 484 "While perhaps they should remain under the broad mantle of the term Chordata, they must apparently be removed from the true vertebrates to a new class. "
Christmas , [sb.]
(1889) Cent. Dict., "Christmas fern, Aspidium acrostichoides, a fern having simply pinnate fronds of firm texture, which remain green through the winter. "
chromatid .
(1900) C. E. McClung in Kansas Univ. Q. A. IX. 78 "The term `chromosome' being..restricted to the units of the division figures, there remains no name for the parts composing these when they are compound, as in tetrads and diads... I should like, therefore, to propose the term `chromatid' for each of these. "
chromophil , [a.]
(1902) Delafield &. Prudden Path. Anat. &. Histol. (ed. 6) iii. xiv. 731 "With the use of the ordinary technique of Nissl, all of the cell body, excepting the chromophilic bodies, remains unstained and apparently structureless. "
chrysalid .
(1802-13) Bingley Anim. Biog. (ed. 4) I. 44 "In their chrysalid state they remain for some time..perfectly inanimate. "
chum , [sb. 2]
(1858) Rep. Maine Board Agric. 1857 II. 69 "The fish known as menhaden, and often called..`poggies', are..pressed..to extract an oil..; what remains after extracting the oil, is called `poggy chum'. "
church , [sb.]
(1954) Pei Dict. Linguistics 39 "Church Slavonic, the South Slavic language into which Kyrillos and Methodos translated the Gospels in the ninth century A.D.; it is extinct as a vernacular, but has remained the official language of the Slavic Greek Orthodox Church. (Also called Old Church Slavic and Old Bulgarian.)"
(1807) Vancouver Agric. Devon (1813) 84 "Enabling the widow of the last surviving tenant to the church&dubh.lands in possession, to hold over the estate so long as she remained unmarried."
churn-milk .
(1598) Hakluyt Voy. I. 97 "The churnmilke which remaineth of the butter. "
cicatrix .
(1826) Good Bk. Nat. (1834) I. 166 "The hilum or eye..is a cicatrix or umbilicus remaining after the separation of the umbilical cord from the pericarp. "
cinder , [sb.]
(1577) tr. Bullinger's Decades (1592) 236 "He would not haue so much as the very cinders to remaine of so wicked men. "
cindery , [sb.]
(1863) Sala Capt. Dangerous I. viii. 220, "I remained under charge of Ciceley of the Cindery."
cineritious , [a.]
(1803) G. S. Faber Cabiri II. 389 "No cineritious remains are visible..and..there are no marks of cremation in the cave. "
cippus .
(1860) B'ness Bunsen in Hare Life II. v. 271 "The inscription on the cippus placed over the remains of the two children."
circumduction .
(1656) tr. Hobbes' Elem. Philos. (1839) 6 "The figure was made by the circumduction of a body whereof one end remained unmoved. "
circumpolar , [a.]
(1853) Sir J. Herschel Pop. Lect. Sc. iii. (1873) 133 "The comet remained long..visible as a circumpolar object. "
circumscriptive , [a.]
(1691) E. Taylor Behmen's Theos. Philos. xxii. 36 "That flesh (though now glorified) remains a Circumscriptive Creature. "
circus .
(1771) Smollett Humph. Cl. III. 30 Sept., "Nothing remains but a naked circus of loose sand. "
cirriform , [a.]
(1815) T. Forster Res. Atmosph. Phenom. i. §.5. 15 "Of the cloud..the other part remains cirriform. "
citadel .
(1839) Thirlwall Greece I. 363 "To collect all the remaining strength of Messenia in a mountain citadel. "
citation .
(1666) G. Harvey Morb. Angl. xxviii. (1672) 82 "There remains a citation of such others as indifferently may produce that malady in any other Countrey."
cityless , [a.]
(1610) Holland Camden's Brit. ii. Irel. 86 "In steed of a city it is altogether as one saith po&acu.lij a&lenis.&acu.polij that is A City Citylesse, or The remains of that which was a city."
civilianization .
(1956) Rep. Employment Nat. Service Men 15 "The word `civilianization'..may mean the increased use of civilians in establishments which must remain partly military. It may also mean handing over to civilian management whole operations and thereby dispensing with military personnel altogether."
Civil List
(1855) Macaulay Hist. Eng. III. xv. 558 "The expenses of the royal household are now entirely separated from the expenses of the civil government; but by a whimsical perversion, the name of Civil List has remained attached to..the revenue..appropriated to the expenses of the Royal Household."
cladogenesis .
(1959) New Statesman 7 Nov. 632/3 "Man is the only successful biological species which has remained as a single interbreeding group, not radiating out in `cladogenesis' into thousands of mutually infertile species."
Clapham .
(1965) Listener 1 Apr. 474/1 "The class character of our education will remain until..the scions of Lord Snow and the man on the Clapham omnibus attend the same comprehensive school."
clarence .
(1864) Social Sc. Rev. 403 "Four-wheeled Clarence Cabs, seated for four passengers within and one in addition to the driver without, have long remained without any material alteration."
clasp , [v.]
(1597) Hooker Eccl. Pol. v. §.22 (J.) "Sermons are the keys..and do open the scriptures; which being but read, remain, in comparison, still clasped. "
(1875) Darwin Insectiv. Pl. vi. 87 "After the tentacles have remained closely clasped over any object. "
(1875) Longfellow Morituri Salutamus 106 "And now my class-mates; ye remaining few That number not the half of those we knew. "
clause , [sb.]
(1700) Tyrell Hist. Eng. II. 837 "These Letters..remain upon Record in the Tower on the Clause Roll of this Year."
claustrophobia .
(1906) Westm. Gaz. 18 Apr. 2/1 "Others of us who have felt..an inexplicable horror of remaining within four walls..now know that we are sufferers from Claustrophobia. "
clay , [v.]
(1822) Imison Sc. &. Art II. 127 "Clay is put upon the tops of the conical pots in which the sugar has granulated, which allows water to percolate through, and thus drain off the last remains of the molasses. This is called claying the sugars. "
clear , [a.] , [adv.] , and [sb.]
(1774) Goldsm. Nat. Hist. (1776) I. 278 "Their remains continue still visible at the bottom of the water in a clear day. "
clear , [v.]
(1796) Stedman Surinam (1813) II. xxix. 407 "On the 18th the troops were finally cleared with, and paid their remaining arrears (cf. clearings)."
Clearing House clearing-house
(1904) J. Chamberlain Speech 19 Jan. (Oxf. Dict. Quots., ed. 2), "Provided that the City of London remains as it is at present, the clearing-house of the world. "
cloacal , [a.]
(1879) tr. Haeckel's Evol. Man II. xix. 146 "The brain of the Cloacal Animals has remained at a much lower stage of development."
cloister , [sb.]
(1756) Nugent Gr. Tour, Germany II. 98 "There are several cloysters remaining in this city, which are now secularized."
clone , [sb.]
(1929) Bibliographia Genetica V. 234 "In Bacillus coli communis...a biotype was also found having lower motility than the remainder of the clone from which it came. "
close , [a.] and [adv.]
(1597) Daniel Civ. Wares iii. xx, "That Richard should remain for evermore, close-prisoner. "
(1718) Freethinker No. 101. 327, "I shall endeavour at a close Translation of the Remainder. "
clothing , [vbl. sb.]
(1943) Times 4 Aug. 2/4 "All the coupons in the current 1942-43 clothing book would remain valid at least until the end of 1943. "
clotting , [vbl. sb.]
(1834) Brit. Husb. I. 314 "Any large lumps remaining..should be broken with mallets, or clotting-beetles."
cloud , [sb.]
(1862) Ruskin Munera P. (1880) 27 "The science of Political Economy would remain..the weighing of clouds, and the portioning out of shadows."
clouded , [ppl. a.]
(1641) Milton Ch. Discip. i. (1851) 29 "There be..some places in those Books that remain clouded. "
cloven , [ppl. a.]
(1610) Shaks. Temp. i. ii. 277 "She did confine thee..Into a clouen Pyne, within which rift Imprison'd, thou didst painefully remaine. "
club , [sb.]
(1886) Pall Mall G. 4 Oct. 6/1 "Clubland proper is still and will remain pretty much what it was in the days of Major Pendennis. "
club-man .
(1645) in Rushw. Hist. Coll. I. 52 "Two captains of the Club-men (as they were called) being a great number of the inhabitants of several parts of Wiltshire, and some counties adjacent, who gathered themselves together, alledging they did but stand on their own defence, to prevent Plundering; and that they would in that posture remain Neuters until the King and his Parliament should agree. "
clue [v.]
(1967) Listener 22 June 835/1 "The remaining lights are clued normally. "
clyssus clissus
(1826) Henry Elem. Chem. I. 540 "Nitrate of potassa is rapidly decomposed by charcoal at a high temperature..The products of this combustion..are carbonic acid and nitrogen gases. Part of the carbonic acid also remains attached to the residuary alkali, and may be obtained from it on adding a stronger acid. This residue was termed, by the old chemists, clyssus of nitre."
cnida .
(1887) Rolleston &. Jackson Forms Anim. Life 331 "The nematocysts are removed from the cells or cnidoblasts in which they were developed, and where they usually remain until discharged. "
co-adjust , [v.]
(1863) Huxley Man's Place Nat. iii. 125 "The lines of fracture which remain between the coadjusted pieces of the skull. "
coagulum .
(1813) J. Thomson Lect. Inflam. 216 "Is the coagulum ever absorbed while the serum remains unabsorbed? "
coal , [sb.]
(1667) Primatt City &. C. Build. 26 "There doth yet remain great quantities of Coles in the Earth. "
(1801) T. Thomson Chem. II. 363 " When tannin is distilled..there comes over also some empyreumatic oil, and a voluminous coal remains behind. "
coalification .
(1911) Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. L. 62 "Adjacent rocks, containing plant remains, may have contributed to this coalification by means of circulating waters. "
coarctate , [a.]
(1882) Syd. Soc. Lex. s.v., "The retina is said to be coarctate when, owing to the accumulation of fluid between it and the choroid, it assumes the form of a funnel, extending from the entrance of the optic nerve to the margin, or to the remains of the lens."
(1816) Kirby &. Sp. Entomol. (1843) I. 53 "Pup&ae. which are not excluded from the skin of the larva, but remain concealed under it, and were hence called by Linn&eacu. coarctate pup&ae.. "
coast , [sb.]
(1594) Plat Diuerse New Sorts of Soyle 59 "The Coast-men..doo also bestow that which remaineth of the pilchardes upon their leane and hungrey grounds. "
coasting , [vbl. sb.]
(1836) Macgillivray tr. Humboldt's Trav. iv. 63 "The master of one of the canoes offered to remain on board as coasting pilot."
cob , [sb. 1]
(1599) Nashe Lenten Stuffe 59 "Not a scrap..but the cobs of the two herrings the fisherman had eaten remained of him. "
(1710) London &. Wise Compl. Gard. (1719) 136 "The Cock spur, or dry dead parts of Branches that remain where a Branch was shorten'd above the next Eye or Shoot. "
coetaneous , [a.]
(1836) Landor Peric. &. Asp. Wks. 1846 II. 435 "Little of life is remaining, but my happiness will be coetaneous with it."
cog , [sb. 2]
(1951) S. Spender World within World iv. 201 "Franz was incapable of becoming a cog in a political machine, and he remained profoundly human. "
cognoscible , [a.]
(1648) H. G. tr. Balzac's Prince 176 "There remaines nothing..cognoscible in Germany, but the Sea and the Mountaines. "
coherence .
(1692) Dryden St. Euremont's Ess. 226 "By a secret relation, and I know not what coh&ae.rence which still remains between their souls and others. "
coil , [sb. 3]
(1677) Lond. Gaz. No. 1174/1 "Remaining in the Consuls hands 18 Quoyles of Cordage and a Hauser. "
(1636) Brathwait Lives Rom. Emperors 280 "Hee remained coinheritor with his brother Carolus of the Crowne of France. "
Holinshed Hist. Scotl. (1586) II. 89 "Such coisterels and other as remained with the Scotish cariage, seeing the discomfiture of their aduersaries, ran foorth and pursued them into those marishes. "
coke , [sb. 1]
(1862) Chambers's Encycl. IV. 645/1 "There remains..a large residue of pitch, which is again distilled.., giving off an oil called coke-oil. "
colander cullender .
(1603) Holland Plutarch's Mor. 223 (R.) "Many men do let their fortunes run (as it were through a colander or strainer, wherein the worst stick and remaine in the way behind, whiles the better do passe and run out. "
collective , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1949) Koestler Insight &. Outlook xiii. 192 "The `collective unconscious' as a kind of common pool or substratum with which all individuals remain somehow connected. "
collegially , [adv.]
(1637) Gillespie Eng. Pop. Cerem. iii. viii. 192 "Which power of Iurisdiction..remaineth..both in the Bishop, and in the Presbytery, in him personally, in it collegially. "
collenchyma .
(1866) Treas. Bot., "Collenchyma..usually absorbed, but remaining and assuming a definite form in some plants, as in orchids."
colloid , [a.] and [sb.]
(1861) T. Graham in Phil. Trans. (1862) 184 note, "Certain liquid colloid substances are capable of forming a jelly and yet still remain liquefiable by heat and soluble in water. Such is gelatine itself. "
collop (1) .
(1570) Levins Manip. 149/35 "A collip, cremium [Cremium, what remains dry in the pan after frying anything, rendering of suet or the like (Du Cange).]"
colluvies .
(1651) Biggs New Disp. 73 "The aforesaid Colluvies of the remaining humours. "
colocynth .
(1863-72) Watts Dict. Chem. s.v. Colocynthitin, "[When] the alcoholic extract of bitter apple..is treated with water, colocynthitin remains undissolved..It is soluble in ether."
(1881) Wentworth Algebra xix. 266 "The remainder obtained by subtracting the logarithm of a number from 10 is called the cologarithm of the number, or arithmetical complement of the logarithm of the number."
colonialize , [v.]
(1864) Eliz. Murray E. Norman I. 190 "If you remain here, in a few years you will be colonialized."
colonist .
(1856) Froude Hist. Eng. (1858) II. viii. 243 "The Roman military colonists remained Roman alike on the Rhine and on the Euphrates. "
colony , [sb.]
(1600) Holland Livy 147 (R.) "When they had registered and placed the coloners, they remained still themselves in the same colonie. "
(1883) Seeley Expans. Eng. 38 "By a colony we understand a community which is not merely derivative, but which remains politically connected in a relation of dependence with the parent community."
colophony .
(1831) J. Davies Manual Mat. Med. 194 "Colophony or Dry Resin..is the resinous part of the turpentine remaining in the still after the extraction of the essential oil by distillation. "
colour color , [sb. 1]
(1869) Tyndall Notes on Light 40 "Colour is due to the extinction of certain constituents of the white light within the body, the remaining constituents which return to the eye imparting to the body its colour. "
colt , [sb. 1]
(1607) Topsell Four-f. Beasts (1673) 435 "If they [Asses] do not breed..before the casting of their Colts-teeth, they remain steril..all their life. "
columbaceous , [a.]
(1872) Nicholson Pal&ae.ont. ii. 263 "In the Miocene period occur the remains of Gallinaceous and Columbaceous birds."
columbarium .
(1923) Harmsworth Househ. Encycl. II. 993/3 "Columbarium. This word is used..for the building in which the urns containing the remains of cremated persons are placed. "
(1948) E. Waugh Loved One 15 "Would you require a niche in our columbarium or do you prefer to keep the remains at home? "
Comacine , [a.] and [sb.]
(1899) L. Scott Cathedral Builders 9 "Rome is..full of remains of what is now styled Comacine architecture. "
Combe-Capelle .
(1959) Chambers's Encycl. IX. 40/2 (heading) "The Combe Capelle Man. In 1909 Hauser..unearthed a skeleton in the rock-shelter of Combe Capelle..at the very base of a deposit containing Aurignacian implements... The remains are generally agreed to belong to the Cromagnon type,..though differing in some notable respects."
come , [v.]
(1915) C. G. Grey Tales Flying Services 35 "One of them [sc. seaplanes]..had just alighted astern, and was `taxying' along to pick up her own boom when somehow the last remaining bomb `came unput'-as one who was present said-and fell into the water. "
(1928) Daily Express 12 July 12/7 "Duncan remains a master of the art of `coming back'. "
commemorate , [v.]
(1875) Lyell Princ. Geol. I. i. xiv. 315 "The commemorating processes, by which organic remains become fossilized."
commemoration .
(1886) Morley Geo. Eliot Crit. Misc. III. 94 "If George Eliot had insisted that her works should remain the only commemoration of her life."
commissary .
(1832) tr. Sismondi's Ital. Rep. xvi. 345 "He had been named commissary general, with unlimited power over all that remained without the capital."
commit , [v.]
(1749) Smollett Regicide v. vii, "To the cold grave commit my pale remains! "
commodely [adv.]
(1749) H. Walpole Lett. H. Mann (1834) II. 267 "You found the whole garden..spread with tents which remained all night very commodely. "
common , [a.]
(1827) Hutton Course Math. I. 53 "The Common Measure of two or more numbers, is that..which will divide them all without remainder. "
common law
(1810) Bentham Packing (1821) 154 "The great body of the law, remaining..in the shapeless state, of common, alias unwritten, law. "
communicant , [sb.] and [a.]
(1557) Recorde Whetst. L iij b, "If the remainer, and the roote in the quotiente, bee nombers communicante, diuide them so. "
communicate , [v.]
(1850) Prescott Peru II. 298 "He..put in at one of the Azores, where he remained until he could communicate with home. "
commutator .
(1959) Which? Aug. 86/2 "Eleven machines had induction motors... The remaining 15 machines had commutator motors."
comparative , [a.] ( [sb.] ).
(1855) Owen Skel. &. Teeth 296 "The species restored by Cuvier from fossil remains..The great comparative anatomist called it anoplotherium. "
compart [sb.]
(A. 1694) J. Scott Pract. Disc. xxii. (T.), "And yet remain unseparable, as being comparts of the same substance. "
compassionate , [a.]
(1692) R. L'Estrange Josephus' Antiq. iv. viii. (1733) 94 "Let there be a compassionate Remainder left for those that have nothing to eat of their own."
compensation .
(1964) V. J. Chapman Coastal Veget. iii. 65 "Changes of temperature can affect both photosynthesis and respiration. The point at which these two processes exactly balance, and where oxygen content remains stable, is called the compensation point. "
(1956) J. N. Wood in D. L. Linton Sheffield 74 "The remaining six impounding reservoirs provide 16&rdot.4 m.g.d. compensation water which, by statute, is required to be delivered into the streams on which the supply reservoirs have been constructed."
complement , [sb.]
(1697) Dampier Voy. (1698) I. xi. 318 "They will sell 10 or 15 Tuns out of 100, and yet seemingly carry their complement [of Cloves] to Batavia; for they will pour water among the remaining part of their Cargo. "
(1708) Kersey, "Complement of the Courtin..the Remainder of the Courtin after its Flank is taken away. Complement of the Line of Defence, is the Remainder of the Line of Defence, after you have taken away the Angle of the Flank. "
compose , [v.]
(1878) Tennyson Q. Mary i. v. 37 "It then remains..to compose the event [Mary's marriage] In some such form as least may harm your Grace."
(1877) Lady Brassey Voy. Sunbeam xxi, "The children..composed themselves in the deck-house to sleep for the remainder of the night."
compound , [v.]
(1928) Observer 17 June 28/6 "Once in the line for home, Goose Kiss did not remain at the head of affairs, for he compounded rapidly."
compound , [sb. 1]
(1594) Blundevil Exerc. i. vii. (ed. 7) 25 "Such numbers as may be evenly divided by another number without leaving any remainder, are called Compounds."
compound , [sb. 2]
(1893) T. Cook Mission Tour 25 "The men sign articles to remain in these compounds for a certain period, usually six months, and are not allowed to leave for any cause until the time has expired. "
compression .
(1816) T. Jefferson Writ. (1830) IV. 280 "That nation is too high-minded..to remain quiet under its present compression. "
(1885) Athen&ae.um 28 Mar. 403/3 "Election..by compromission, wherein certain delegates or proctors, being chosen by the chapter, retired to nominate, the remainder of the chapter continuing in prayer and pledged to accept the nomination of the delegates."
conceivable , [a.]
(1646) Sir T. Browne Pseud. Ep. iii. xxi. 157 "That he remained ignorant of this account it is not easily conceivable. "
concept , [sb.]
(1837-8) Sir W. Hamilton Logic viii. (1859) I. 134 "The concept horse..cannot, if it remain a concept, that is a universal attribution, be represented in imagination. "
concerted , [ppl. a.]
(1897) Marquis of Salisbury in Times 16 Feb. 8/1 "The concerted sympathy of the Powers remains complete. "
conch .
(1875) Circular No. 8, War Dept. 1 May 144 "The white Americans form a comparatively small proportion of the population of Key West, the remainder being Bahama negroes, Cuban refugees, and white natives of the Bahamas and their descendants, classified here under the general title of Conchs. "
conciliator .
(1878) Dowden Stud. Lit. 437 "He remained..a conciliator among conflicting parties. "
conclavist .
(1616) Brent tr. Sarpi's Hist. Counc. Trent (1676) 518 "The Pope, considering that the Conclavists of account remain at Rome. "
concreted , [ppl. a.]
(1646) Sir T. Browne Pseud. Ep. ii. v. 91 "In many concreted plants some parts remaine unpetrified. "
concupiscible , [a.]
(1594) Carew Huarte's Exam. Wits xiv. (1596) 250 "Our first parents..lost this qualitie, and the irascible and concupiscible remained. "
concurrence .
(1656) tr. Hobbes' Elem. Philos. (1839) 184 "Two strait lines, which are applied to one another..may be separated..in such manner, that their concurrence in one point will still remain. "
(1866) Lecky Ration. II. 380 "To reduce, by increased concurrence, the wages of the remainder. "
condense , [v.]
(1800) tr. Lagrange's Chem. I. 89 "Carbonic acid gas..is not condensed at that degree of pressure and of temperature of the atmosphere in which we live. It remains in the state of gas. "
condensing [ppl. a.]
(1824) R. Stuart Hist. Steam Engine, "The power of the condensing Engine is..known by ascertaining the temperature of the steam, which moves the piston, the area of the piston, and the temperature of the vapour which remains. "
conditioning , [vbl. sb.]
(1884) Manch. Exam. 21 Mar. 4/5 "A report from the Milan silk market states that the conditioning returns remain very high. "
condonation .
(1625) Bp. Mountagu App. C&ae.sar vi. 169 "The blot..of sin..remaining in the soule of man, in like manner as it did before condonation. "
confession .
(1861) Stanley East. Ch. iv. (1869) 149 "The Nicene Creed remained the one public confession. "
confider .
(1858) Miss Mulock Th. ab. Women 185 "We can keep a secret..while the confider remains our friend."
confirmation .
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) IV. 87 "All leases made by tenants for life become absolutely void by their death; so that no..act, by the persons entitled to the remainder or reversion, will operate as a confirmation of them. "
conformational , [a.]
(1978) Nature 14 Sept. 160/2 "Taking into account the conformational flexibility about the phosphodiester bonds and the possible variations in the remaining torsion angles, the conformational features of regular helical polynucleotide were analysed. "
confound , [v.]
(1863) Lyell Antiq. Man 2 "The remains..may have subsequently been mingled..and confounded together in one and the same deposit."
confusedly , [adv.]
(1632) Hayward tr. Biondi's Eromena 89 "Yet remain'd shee..confusedly disquieted. "
congeal , [v.]
(1845) Darwin Voy. Nat. v. (1879) 88 " The ground at the depth of a few feet remains perpetually congealed. "
(1853) Lyell Princ. Geol. vi. (ed. 9) 80 "The carcass of a rhinoceros..taken from the sand in which it must have remained congealed for ages."
congenious [a.]
(1630) Hales Gold. Rem. (1688) 364 "In the blood thus drop'd there remains a spirit of life congenius to that in the body. "
congregation .
(1559) National Covt. in Knox Hist. Ref. ii. 313 "Item the sayd Lords of the congregation and all the members therof shall remaine obedient subiects to our soueraigne Lord and Ladies authoritie. Item the said congregation nor none of them shall not trouble or molest a Church-man. "
congruent , [a.]
(1889) Chrystal Algebra, "If m be any positive integer whatever, which we call the modulus, two integers, M and N, which leave the same remainder when divided by m, are said to be congruent with respect to the modulus m."
coning , [vbl. sb.]
(1931) J. de la Cierva Wings of Tomorrow vii. 102, "I supposed that it was preferable to keep the blades from coning, so that they would remain in a horizontal position while in flight. "
conjecture , [v.]
(1718) Lady M. W. Montague Lett. II. xlix. 57, "I conjecture them to be the remains of that city. "
conjugate , [a.] and [sb.]
(1882) Everett Deschanel's Nat. Philos. §.758 "When this condition is fulfilled, the remaining pair of opposite branches are conjugate, that is to say, a battery in one produces no current in the other. "
(1882) Everett Deschanel's Nat. Philos. §.759 "When there is equality between the two products of opposite resistances..the current in either of the two remaining branches will be independent of the electro-motive force of the battery in the other; and these two branches are still said to be conjugate."
conjuncture .
(1605) Verstegan Dec. Intell. iv. (1636) 100 "This coniuncture to haue remained for some space after the great and generall deluge. "
connexion connection .
(1757) J. Wesley Jrnl. 1 Aug. II. 421, "I did not dare to remain in their connexion. "
(1769) J. Wesley Addr. Trav. Preachers, 4 Aug. Wks. 1872 XIII. 242 "Those who aim at anything but the glory of God..will not, cannot remain in the Connexion. "
(1789) J. Wesley Will, "Lastly, I give to each of those travelling Preachers who shall remain in the Connexion six months after my decease..the eight volumes of sermons. "
conqueror .
(1839) Thirlwall Greece VII. 367 "After the battle, it remained for the conquerors to divide the spoil. "
(1884) R. Holland Gloss. Chester 78 "Conquerors, a game played with horse-chestnuts threaded on a string... The chestnut which remains unhurt is then `conqueror of one'. "
conquest , [sb.]
(1874) Green Short Hist. v. 224 "His new conquest of Calais remained a part of the possessions of the English crown."
consecration .
(1659) Pearson Creed (1839) 232 "The bread and wine even after consecration leave not their own nature, but remain in their former substance, shape, and form. "
conservative , [a.] and [sb.]
(1845) Disraeli Speech 17 Mar., "For me there remains this at least-the opportunity of expressing thus publicly my belief that a Conservative Government is an Organized Hypocrisy. "
consideration .
(1652) Needham tr. Selden's Mare Cl. 16 "It remains that [the Law]..of Dominion or Ownership bee taken into consideration. "
consign , [v.]
(1861) W. Bell Dict. Law Scot. 221 "In practice, it is usual to consign money in a public bank, so that the party entitled to it receives it with bank interest for the time it has remained consigned. "
consisting , [ppl. a.]
(1626) Bacon Sylva §.31 "Flame doth not mingle with Flame..but only remaineth contiguous; As it commeth to passe betwixt Consisting Bodies. "
consolate , [ppl. a.]
(1818) T. L. Peacock Nightm. Abbey 4 "One morning..`he woke and found his lady dead', and remained a very consolate widower [With humorous reference to disconsolate]."
constant , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1702) Pope Jan. &. May 41 "Tho' fortune change, his constant spouse remains. "
(1860) Tyndall Glac. i. i. 1 "This direction remained perfectly constant throughout the entire quarry."
(1753) Chambers Cycl. Supp. s.v., "The semi-diameter of a circle is a constant quantity; for while the absciss and semi-ordinates increase, it remains the same. "
(1940) Chambers's Techn. Dict. 191/2 "Constant-frequency oscillator, an oscillator in which special precautions are taken to ensure that the frequency remains constant. "
constituency .
(1831) Ann. Reg. 11 "The new constituency being thus formed, the remaining part of the ministerial plan regarded the actual election. "
constitution .
(1681) Nevile Plato Rediv. 139 "Sweden remains in point of Constitution and Property exactly as it did anciently. "
constitutionally , [adv.]
(1767) Fordyce Serm. Yng. Wom. (ed. 4) II. x. 103 "His very senses, though remaining constitutionally the same, revolt. "
constitutive , [a.] and [sb.]
(1968) A. White et al. Princ. Biochem. (ed. 4) 683 "Constitutive enzymes remain at the same level regardless of the amount of potential inducer added to the cell culture. "
constraint , [sb.]
(1712) Pope 1st Ep. to Miss Blount 41 "Still in constraint your suff'ring sex remains, Or bound in formal, or in real chains. "
construction .
(1767) H. Walpole Narr. Rousseau 133 "He changed the construction of the last phrase, though the thought remained exactly the same. "
consume , [v. 1]
(1862) Merivale Rom. Emp. (1871) V. xlii. 138 "To consume the remains in the forum."
content , [a.] ( [sb. 4] )
(1654) Fuller Two Serm. 33 "Not content to carry downe the Remainder of the Captivitie into &Ae.gypt, but also they took Ieremiah the Prophet..along with them. "
contention .
(1666) J. Smith Old Age (1752) 13 "Two words [days and years] to express the contention of this state..viz. how long this state shall remain."
contentless [a. 2]
(1886) Mind XI. 429 "So far the Idea remains contentless."
contestant .
(1861) Times 8 Nov. (Defeat of Federal Army), "A little after six o'clock the remaining contestants withdrew down the precipitous river bank. "
continent , [a.]
(1706) Phillips (ed. Kersey), "Continent Cause of a Distemper, is that on which the Disease depends so immediately, that it continues so long as that remains, and ceases when the said Cause is remov'd. "
continent , [sb.]
(1873) C. Robinson N.S. Wales 79 "Sydney-once the capital of the Australian Continent..remains the metropolis of New South Wales."
contingency .
(1827) Jarman Powell's Devises II. 217 "Where an estate in remainder is limited in terms of contingency, on the happening of certain events. "
(1818) Hallam Mid. Ages (1872) II. v. 84 "All the princes of Hesse or Saxony had reciprocal contingencies of succession, or what our lawyers call cross-remainders, to each other's dominions. "
contingent , [a.] and [sb.]
(1691) T. H[ale] Acc. New Invent. 123 "Portions of Circles unto which the remaining strait part may be a contingent line. "
(1710) Lond. Gaz. No. 4735/4 "Then to Trustees to preserve the Contingent Remainders. "
(1767) Blackstone Comm. II. 169 "Contingent or executory remainders are where the estate in remainder is limited to take effect, either to a dubious and uncertain person, or upon a dubious and uncertain event; so that the particular estate may chance to be determined, and the remainder never take effect. "
(1844) Williams Real Prop. (1877) 263 " The general opinion appears to be in favour of the antiquity of contingent remainders."
(A. 1711) Ken Hymnarium Poet Wks. 1721 II. 31 "Decreed Contingents they remain, Not link'd in any fatal Chain. "
continuance .
(1754) Edwards Freed. Will ii. vi. 60 "Ideas..don't remain so for any sensible Continuance. "
continuative , [a.] and [sb.]
(1725) Watts Logic ii. ii. §.6 "[Among] the second sort of compound Propositions..may be added continuatives; as, Rome remains to this day; which includes, at least, two propositions, viz. Rome was, and Rome is."
contorniated contourniated [ppl. a.]
(1727-51) Chambers Cycl. s.v., "All we have remaining of these contourniated medals, seem to have been struck about the same time. "
contractural , [a.]
(1971) Jrnl. Bone &. Joint Surg. LIII-a. 992 "Even in contractural arachnodactyly the contractures may remain and even progress. "
contradeciduate , [a.]
(1897) Parker &. Haswell Text-bk. Zool. II. 562 "In the Mole and the Bandicoot not only is there no decidua thrown off, but the f&oe.tal placenta with the distal portion of the allantois does not pass out after the f&oe.tus, but remains, and is broken up or absorbed in the uterus. Such a condition has been termed contra-deciduate."
contrarious , [a.]
(1602) Warner Alb. Eng. Epit. (1612) 396 "No leisure remained the King for his formall courting of so contrarious a Ladie. "
contrast , [sb.]
(1901) Titchener Exper. Psychol. I. i. 19 "The contrast disc, with an extra 30°. of white or black in its ring, is set up before its appropriate background. The contrast colour is matched upon the second mixer as before. Note that the same grey background must be retained for the second mixer, in order that the contrast relations may remain the same on both discs. "
contributory , [a.] and [sb.]
(1868) Rogers Pol. Econ. xii. (ed. 3) 165 "As the rent of land is that which remains over and above the cost of production, it is paid last, i.e. when all the other contributories are satisfied."
contrition .
(1684) tr. Bonet's Merc. Compit. vii. 251 "The shivering and great contrition of the bones, which remain here and there in the..flesh."
controversion .
(1684) R. H. Sch. Recreat. 53 "Controversion..in Wheeling is performed by the Front of the Squadron, so that whilst the Rank makes the Motion, the File remains. "
converse , [a. 2] and [sb. 3]
(1837-8) Sir W. Hamilton Logic I. 257 "The Quantity of the Proposition in Conversion remains always the same; that is, the absolute quantity of the Converse must be exactly equal to that of the Convertend. "
converter .
(1867) Morn. Star 20 Sept. 7 "The converters can thus be worked with liquid iron direct from the blast furnaces, the iron remaining perfectly liquid during the short time of transit. "
(1953) Rep. U.S.A.E.C. on Nucl. Power Reactor Technol. 80 "If the reactor is operating as a converter, the U235 remaining in the core must be decontaminated. "
conveyorize , [v.]
(1959) Times Rev. Industry Mar. 40/1 "Conveyorized production still remains batch production. "
cool , [v.]
(1964) A. W. Gouldner in I. L. Horowitz New Sociology 209 "One of the con men remains behind `to cool the mark out', seeking to persuade him to accept his loss of face rather than go to the police. "
cop , [v. 3]
(1969) Win 15 May 9/1 "Isn't it a cop-out to secede from New York State but remain a part of the nation?"
coped , [ppl. a.]
(1611) Speed Hist. Gt. Brit. vii. xliv. 366 "His..bones as yet remaine..in a Chest of Grey-Marble, reared vpon foure small pillars, couered with a copped stone of the same. "
copepod , [a.] and [sb.]
(1877) Huxley Anat. Inv. Anim. vi. 358 "The fore part of the head has remained Copepodous. "
copper , [sb. 1]
(1964) Financial Times 3 Mar. 1/5 "Coppers improved and Kaffirs remained quietly firm."
copse , [sb.]
(1725) Bradley Fam. Dict. II. s.v. Woodcock, "They remain all the Day..under the Leaves and amongst Cops. "
copy , [sb.] ( [a.] )
(1776) Trial Nundocomar 45/1 "The copy I wrote remained with..Nundocomar; the original remained with Pudmohun Doss. "
copyist .
(1756) J. Warton Ess. Pope I. 9 (T.) "No original writer ever remained so unrivalled by succeeding copyists, as [Theocritus]. "
corbel , [sb.]
(1879) Sir G. G. Scott Lect. Archit. II. 131 "The windows of the triforium gallery, with the corbel tabling over them, still remain."
core , [sb. 1]
(1670) Cotton Espernon iii. x. 525 "They would never again be so fully reconcil'd, that there would not still remain a Core in the bosom of the one or the other. "
(1862) Fairholt Up Nile 308 "The square columns..have been in some places literally chipped to pieces and a rude irregular core only remains. "
coresidual , [a.] and [sb.]
(1873) Salmon Higher Plane Curves v. (1879) 134 "If any conic be described through four fixed points on a cubic, the chord joining the two remaining intersections of the conic with the cubic will pass through a fixed point on the cubic...This point..is called the coresidual of the system of four points... Two points which are coresidual must coincide."
corn , [sb. 1]
(1849) J. Pritts Mirr. Border Life 460, "I remained in that situation till corn planting time. "
(1843) R. Carlton New Purchase ix. 64 "Nanny remained near the dutch oven to keep us supplied with red-hot pones or *corn-balls. "
corn-cob .
(1881) T. Hughes Rugby, Tennessee 58 "They remained peacefully among corn-cobs till the danger had passed."
corona .
(1563) Shute Archit. C j b, "Coronix..you shall deuid into .4. partes. geue one part vnto Cimatium vnder Corona..geue likwise .2 parte vnto Corona..&. the fourth part which remaineth, geue vnto Cymatium ouer Corona. "
corporal , [sb. 1]
(1637) Bk. Com. Prayer, Church Scot., "Communion Rubric, He that celebrates shall..cover with a fair linen cloth, or corporal, that which remaineth of the consecrated elements. "
corpse , [sb.]
(1858) Ramsay Remin. vi. (ed. 18) 182 "In Scotland the remains of the deceased person is called the `corp'. "
correctness .
(1695) Dryden Parall. Poetry &. Paint. Wks. XVII. 331 "There remains nothing but a dull correctness. "
correlate , [sb.]
(A. 1878) Lewes Stud. Psychol. (1879) 14 "We can classify subjective facts while remaining ignorant of their objective correlates."
corroboree , [sb.]
(1837) C. M. Goodridge Voy. S. Seas (1843) 126 "After this meal they began a kind of dance, all hands repeating the word corobory. We remained among them till towards daylight, during all which time they continued their revelry. "
Cortaillod .
(1884) Encycl. Brit. XVII. 362/1 "Interesting remains of ancient lake dwellings have been discovered at Estavayer and Cortaillod. "
cosmism .
(1874) Fiske Cosmic Philos. I. 184 "In the progress from Anthropomorphism to Cosmism the religious attitude remains unchanged from the beginning to the end."
costume , [sb.]
(1949) A. Huxley Ape &. Essence 127 "Crumbling remains of slacks and sweaters, of Nylons and costume jewellery and brassieres. "
couch , [sb. 1]
(1875) Ure Dict. Arts III. 187 s.v. Malting, "After remaining in the couch twenty-four hours..the couch is broken, that is, the planks composing the front of it are removed."
(1849) Jrnl. R. Agric. Soc. X. i. 178 "The gleans [of hemp] are lifted on to the ground, and form a couch..If suffered to remain longer in the couch it heats and rots."
(1944) M. A. Copeland in Amer. Econ. Rev. XXXIV. 332 "A substantial task of providing a `countercycle' through compensatory public expenditure programs will remain. "
(1708) J. Chamberlayne St. Gt. Brit. i. ii. xiii. (1743) 123 "The Tally being cloven asunder..one Part thereof, called the Stock, is delivered to the Party that pays the money, and the other part, called Counter&dubh.stock, or Counterfoil remains with them."
countervalue [v.]
(1656) H. Phillips Purch. Patt. B vj b, "The Rent remaining will counter-value the Ground-Rent."
court , [sb. 1]
(1933) R. Tuve Seasons &. Months iv. 170 "The chariot of Phebus the sun..remained as mere learned decoration in Scottish court-of-love poems. "
courtly , [a.]
(1737) Pope Hor. Epist. ii. i. 215 "In our own [days] (excuse some Courtly stains) No whiter page than Addison remains. "
cove , [sb. 1]
(1936) Proc. Prehist. Soc. II. 25 "At Avebury and at Arbor Low there are remains of more complex structures, sometimes known as coves. "
covenant , [sb.]
(1638) Dk. Hamilton in H. Papers (Camden) 11 "If you uill not be content to admitt the Couenant to remaine, call a generall assemblie uher ye may expeckt the Bishopes to be limited. "
covenant , [v.]
(1849) Grote Hist. Greece ii. lxii. (1862) V. 374 "Nothing is covenanted as to any remainder. "
cover , [v. 1]
(1921) C. D. Daly Amer. Football iv. 67 "The remainder of the backfield all move over to cover more securely the ground vacated by the opposite end when he goes through. "
co-versed , [a.]
(1706) Phillips (ed. Kersey), "Co-versed Sine (in Geom.) is the remaining part of the Diameter of a Circle after the Versed Sine is taken from it. "
covin , [sb.]
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) II. 412 "From the collusion and covin between the tenant for years and the remote remainder-man."
cow , [sb. 1]
(1854) Jrnl. R. Agric. Soc. XV. ii. 412 "The remaining 40 [acres] in *cowlease ground, home crofts, paddock and homestead. "
cower , [v.]
(1848) Macaulay Hist. Eng. II. 550 "She remained with her child, cowering for shelter from the storm under the tower of Lambeth Church. "
(1760-72) tr. Juan &. Ulloa's Voy. (ed. 3) I. 235 "I was obliged to remain in a cow-house on that mountain. "
Cox [sb. 2]
(1960) Farmer &. Stockbreeder 12 Jan. 17/1 "Cox's remain a good sale at firm values. "
coy , [a.]
(1984) Financial Times 21 Mar. 6/3 "Mr Pietrzak remains coy about prospective partners, although Japanese companies have been involved in talks as well as Fiat. "
cracker .
(A. 1659) Osborn Observ. Turks (1673) 344 "The Tongues being at the best but the Crackers of Knowledge: the Kernel remaining useless..till picked and dressed by Employment and Experience. "
(1958) New Statesman 22 Feb. 244/3 "The late Harold Ross..was always careful to keep the New Yorker `a family magazine'... It's always kept close to the cracker-barrel, and remains a bastion of the commonsense American virtues. "
cradle , [sb.]
(1845) Ecclesiologist IV. 282 "The *cradle roof of the chancel still remains; some of the bosses are very good. "
craft , [sb. 1]
(1850) J. Struthers Autobiog. Poet. Wks. I. 38 "The remaining five were all regularly bred crafts. "
Craniata Craniota [sb. pl.]
(1881) Athen&ae.um 15 Jan. 98/2 "We should have liked to have seen a marked distinction made between..the lampreys and the remainder of the Craniota."
crank , [sb. 2]
(1924) G. B. Stern Tents of Israel vii. 97 "Danny remained at his crank school in Hampstead. "
crap , [sb. 1]
(1877) E. Peacock N.W. Linc. Gloss., "Craps, Scraps, scraps of pig's fat which remain after the lard has been extracted by boiling. People eat them with mustard, vinegar, and pepper."
(A. 1687) Cotton Poems, Night Quatrains (1689) 248 "The drunkard..when he wakes..shall find A cropala remains behind. "
crashing [ppl. a.]
(1884) Athen&ae.um 8 Mar. 307/1 "Remaining unmoved amid a crashing universe, and so forth."
(1657) Tomlinson Renou's Disp. 592 "The crassament that remains..is called Powder of Mercury. "
(1884) Chesh. Gloss., "Cratcherns or Cratchings, (1) the dried up bits that remain after the rendering of lard, used for making cratchern cakes; (2) graves, from a chandler's refuse fat. "
(1887) S. Chesh. Gloss., "Cratchin, (1) one of the bits of flesh remaining after the `rendering down' of lard."
(1881) Oxfordsh. Gloss. (Suppl.), "Crutlins, the remains of the leaf after the lard is extracted, sometimes called scratchins (Islip cruklins)."
creation .
(1928) Camb. Univ. Cal. 102 "The new Statutes have abolished the practice by which (i) Bachelors in Arts, Law, [etc.]..remained `Bachelors designate' until the last week-day of December... (ii) Masters and Doctors only attained the full degree by `Creation'."
creative , [a.]
(1930) Monotype Recorder, XXIX. 39 "The remainder..fail to see the vital necessity for advertising and establishing a creative sales policy. "
creatress .
(1892) Pall Mall G. 15 Sept. 6/11 "And yet, as happens so often in the case of dramatic successes, the palm remains with Mdme. Doche, the creatress of the part."
crepe .
(1915) Chemists' Windows 27 "Crê.pe paper or plain stiff materials have enough `body' to remain in pleat. "
crept , [ppl. a.]
(1867) W. W. Smyth Coal &. Coal-mining 132 "The workings are closely filled with rubbish, and there remain the isolated crept pillars, only accessible by fresh and dangerous workings."
crepuscular , [a.]
(1668) Phil. Trans. III. 730 "And perhaps I might have lost the Crepuscular remains of my Sight. "
crew , [sb. 1]
(1699) Dampier Voy. II. ii. 88, "I was yet a Stranger to this work, therefore remained with 3 of the old Crew to cut more Logwood. "
crinoid , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1849) Dana Geol. ix. (1850) 494 "The rarity of Crinoidal remains. "
cripplingly , [adv.]
(1955) Times 1 July 16/3 "The standard rate of income tax..remains at a cripplingly high level."
crispen , [v.]
(1977) Washington Post 6 May d13 "Hatched lines remain distinct rather than coalescing into dark forms. The fact that they are held distinct by the paper allows Rembrandt to crispen and clarify the lines of the image. "
crispy , [a.]
(1611) Cotgr., "Bressaudes, the crispie mammocks that remaine of tried hogs grese. "
crock , [sb. 5]
(1828) Craven Dial. I. 93 "Crockes, two crooked timbers, of a natural bend, forming a Gothic arch. They generally rest in large blocks of stone. Many roofs of this construction are still remaining in ancient farm-houses and barns. "
crock [v. 4]
(1906) Daily Tel. 23 Aug. 9/7 "He limped out to bat, after remaining in obscurity as a crocked player for half a day. "
croft , [sb. 1]
(1851) 2nd Rep. Relief of Destit. Highlands 1850, 42 "The crofting system was first introduced, by the arable part of the small farms previously held in common being divided among the joint tenants in separate crofts, the pasture remaining in common. "
crook , [sb.] and [a.]
(1929) C. C. Martindale Risen Sun 173 "When sport goes crook, what can remain wholesome? "
crop , [sb.]
(1956) J. K. S. St. Joseph in R. L. S. Bruce-Mitford Recent Archaeol. Excavations in Brit. 275 "In spring and early summer, differences in colour, density or luxuriance of growth commonly develop in response to hidden differences in the soil. These `crop-marks', as they are termed, reveal to an observer, often in the finest detail, buried remains of which no trace can be seen on the surface. "
crop , [v.]
(1921) Discovery Feb. 48/1 "The pest..remains in existence until potatoes are again cropped in the field."
crossing , [vbl. sb.]
(1891) Daily News 5 Nov. 3/3 "May Rose, whose jockey..for boring and crossing, was suspended for the remainder of the meeting."
(1875) W. McIlwraith Guide Wigtownshire 27 "Near the cross-roads are the remains of a cairn."
crow , [sb. 1]
(1862) Cornh. Mag. VI. 648 (Farmer) "Occasionally they [women] assist at a burglary-remaining outside and keeping watch; they are then called crows."
crowdie crowdy .
(1820) Glenfergus II. 275 (Jam.) "Then came..the remains of a cog of crowdy, that is, of half butter, half cheese."
crown , [v. 1]
(1861) Miss Pratt Flower. Pl. III. 183 "Corolla with two ears..which remain and crown the fruit. "
crucible , [sb.]
(1605) Timme Quersit. ii. iii. 113 "Salt-peter remaineth liquid and fusible in a red hote crucible. "
cruising [vbl. sb.]
(1927) G. Bradford Gloss. Sea Terms 45/2 "Cruising radius is calculated with two points of view-one, the vessel's capacity in miles without refueling; the other, her capacity to remain at sea expressed in days running at normal speed. "
crumb , [sb.]
(1829) G. R. Gleig Chelsea Pensioners (1840) 207 "A few crums which remained in our havresacks. "
crunch [sb.] (and [a.] )
(1985) C. McCullough Creed for Third Millennium v. 135 "The real crunch had become the length of time the ground remained unfrozen, but in future years it was likely to become the amount of rain. "
crux .
(1888) Law Times LXXXIV. 293/2 "There remained the point, which was the crux of the case, whether the defendant was under any duty towards the plaintiff. "
crypto- ,
(1882) Syd. Soc. Lex., "Cryptorchidism, the condition of a Cryptorchis. Cryptorchis, term for one whose testicles have not descended into the scrotum, but remain in the abdomen. "
(1888) Contemp. Rev. Apr. 544 "The large number of Christians who professed Islam, but remained *crypto-Christians. "
(1957) Encycl. Brit. XXI. 231/2 "Portuguese crypto-Jews, that is, descendants of Jews whom the Inquisition had compelled to embrace Christianity but who remained Jews at heart. "
crystal , [sb.] and [a.]
(1647) Cowley Mistress, Coldness iii, "Though Heat dissolve the Ice again, The Chrystal solid does remain. "
(1885) Mrs. H. Ward tr. Amiel's Jrnl. 255 "The glacier throws off the stones and fragments fallen into its crevasses that it may remain pure crystal."
cuirassed [ppl. a.]
(1854) H. Miller Footpr. Creat. iii. (1874) 23 "Remains of a large cuirassed fish."
culling , [vbl. sb. 1]
(1663) Flagellum, or O. Cromwell (1672) 70 "The House being thus purged, as they called it..the remaining Juncto of his Culling..passed an Ordinance for Tryal of the King. "
(1780) Brodhead in Sparks Corr. Amer. Rev. (1853) II. 449 "The remaining Continentals are the cullings of our troops, and I cannot promise anything clever from them. "
cultivate , [v.]
(1871) R. W. Dale Commandm. ix. 231 "A rose, however you cultivate it, remains a rose."
cumulative , [a.]
(1876) W. Begbie Bk. Med. Inform. &. Advice App. 251 "Digitalis is what is called a cumulative medicine: its effects are sometimes not immediately produced; but each successive dose remaining in the system, these may be seen even after the medicine is discontinued."
cup , [sb.]
(1867) J. Y. Simpson Arch. Sculpt. 7 "In the centres of the remaining six series of circles there are no *cup-markings. "
cure , [v. 1]
(1887) West Shore Mag. (Brit. Columbia) 451 "The bunch grass cures on the roots, as it stands, and remains as hay until..the spring."
curioso .
(1806) Surr Winter in Lond. I. 216 "[The books] remained stationary on the shelves, except to the curiosi."
curious , [a.]
(1708) J. Chamberlayne St. Gt. Brit. i. iii. ii. (1743) 158 "There are several Specimens yet remaining in the Cabinets of the Curious. "
(1682) Burnet Rights Princes iv. 135 "The curiousest Remains of former Ages that are extant. "
(1931) D. L. Sayers Five Red Herrings xv. 167 " `I formed the opinion..that Mr. Gowan had..not departed from Kirkcudbright on the Monday evening..but that he had remained concealed in his own house.'.. `Curiouser and curiouser,' said Wimsey. "
curl , [sb.]
(1965) J. B. Marion Princ. Vector Anal. ii. 83 "A paddlewheel placed in a fluid will remain stationary..where curl v = o. A field which everywhere has a vanishing curl is called an irrotational field. "
curtal , [sb.] and [a.]
(1669) Address Yng. Gentry Eng. 80 "There remains nothing of it but the shade of a great name, the empty curtail of its faint eccho. "
curtsy curtsey , [sb.]
(1700) Dryden Fables, Wife of Bath's T. 228 "One only hag remained And drop'd an awkward court'sie to the Knight. "
curvature .
(1875) Bennett &. Dyer Sachs' Bot. 707 "The permanent curvature which remains..or the Curvature of Concussion, is the result of a lengthening of the convex and a simultaneous contraction of the concave side."
(1616) Brent tr. Sarpi's Counc. Trent (1676) 166 "The whole nature of man..remained crooked; not by the curvity of Adam, but by his own. "
custom , [sb.]
(1766) C. Leadbetter Royal Gauger (ed. 6) ii. ix. 333 "The Commissioners of the Customs are to pay into the Exchequer the remaining Part of the Produce of such Seizure made by the Officers of the Customs. "
cut , [v.]
(1815) Scott Guy M. ii, "The apprizer..cut the family out of another monstrous cantle of their remaining property. "
(1963) A. Lubbock Austral. Roundabout 157 "The great mines in Victoria..began to cut out..but the miners often remained in the district."
(1875) Bennett &. Dyer tr. Sachs' Bot. 209 "The cuticularisation of the outer layers never advances far inwards, the cuticle generally remaining thin. "
cutting , [vbl. sb.]
(1966) Rep. Comm. Inquiry Univ. Oxf. I. 56 "There is a cutting edge to our recommendation that Oxford should..remain of medium size. "
cyanicide .
(1904) Julian &. Smart Cyaniding xxviii. 202 "The principal cyanicide remaining in the Rand concentrates is the basic ferric sulphate. "
cycloid [a.]
(1847) Ansted Anc. World iv. 62 "The remaining two groups [of Fishes] are called respectively Ctenoid..and Cycloid..from the shape and structure of the scale. "
cylinder , [sb.]
(1706) Phillips (ed. Kersey), "Charged Cylinder..that part which receives the Charge of Powder and Shot..Vacant Cylinder, that part of the Hollow which remains empty, when the Gun is Charg'd. "
cymatium .
(1563) Shute Archit. C j b, "Coronix..you shall deuid into .4. partes. geue one part vnto Cimatium vnder Corona..the fourth part which remaineth, geue vnto Cymatium ouer Corona. "
Cyrillic , [a.]
(1842) Penny Cycl. XXII. 104/2 "The use of the Cyrillic letters..remained in full vigour among those [Slavonians] who belonged to the Eastern Church. "
cytokinin .
(1968) New Scientist 5 Sept. 503/1 "The cytokinins..are necessary for leaves to remain green and healthy. "
dais .
(A. 1774) Fergusson Farmer's Ingle (1845) 38 "In its auld lerroch yet the deas remains, Where the guidman aft streeks him at his ease. "
Daphne .
(1862) Ansted Channel Isl. iv. xxi. (ed. 2) 497 "Daphnes flourish marvellously and remain in flower a long time."
dark , [a.]
(1841) Specif. Claudet's Patent No. 9193. 3 "[Red light] allows the operator to see how to perform the work without being obliged..to remain in a *dark room. "
darn [sb. 1]
(1879) Miss Bird Rocky Mount. I. 245 "One pair of stockings, such a mass of darns that hardly a trace of the original wool remains."
(1925) W. Deeping Sorrell &. Son v. §.1 "Sorrell remained by the car. He liked the colour of it, and the compact brightness of the dash-board. "
daughter .
(1882) Vines Sach's Bot. 139 "One of the two daughter-cells (the Apical Cell) remains..similar to the mother-cell. "
daunt , [v.]
(1610) Holland Camden's Brit. (1637) 256 "Being now daunted by time, there remaineth an heape of rammell and rubbish, witnessing the ruines thereof."
dead letter
(1703) in Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll. (1838) 3rd Ser. VII. 62 "The other penny is lost in dead letters (remaining in the several Post Offices). "
dead lock dead-lock [sb.]
(1931) Buck &. Anthony Bring 'em back Alive 297 "For several seconds we remained deadlocked, the animal making a perfect bedlam of the mess-room with his cries of rage. "
deadly , [a.]
(1622) Donne Serm. i. 5 "He that comes alive out of that field [a duel] comes a dead man, because he comes a deadly sinner, and he that remains dead in the field is gone to an everlasting death."
dead-melt , [v.]
(1880) Encycl. Brit. XIII. 341/2 "If cast immediately it is found that a much larger quantity of gas separates during solidification, rendering the steel porous, than is evolved if the metal is dead-melted, i.e., allowed to remain melted for an extra half hour or more. "
deal , [sb. 1]
(1884) J. Payne 1001 Nights IX. 166 "Moreover, they ate not anydele of the food that remained in the tray."
(1806) Forsyth Beauties Scotl. IV. 132 "The remainder [of the money] is divided into shares, called deals, according to the number of persons entitled to a portion of it."
(1929) P. Mairet Adler's Problems of Neurosis vi. 84 "After having triumphed over him and having had the death-wish granted by fate, he remained still unsatisfied. "
debating , [vbl. sb.]
(1927) G. B. Shaw Doctors' Delusions (1932) 135 "Shallow petulances and tu quoques which have remained part of the vivisector's stock of debating points ever since. "
debauched , [ppl. a.]
(1796) H. Hunter tr. St.-Pierre's Stud. Nat. (1799) II. 495 "The money of strangers disappears, but their debauched morals remain. "
decadence .
(A. 1649) Drumm. of Hawth. Poems 185 "Doth in Decadens fall and slack remaine. "
decagonal , [a.]
(1717) Berkeley Tour in Italy Wks. 1871 IV. 526 "What remains is a decagonal building. "
decapitate , [v.]
(1874) Carpenter Ment. Phys. i. ii. §.67 "A decapitated Frog..remains at rest until it is touched. "
decay , [v.]
(1718) Lady M. W. Montagu Let. to C'tess of Mar 10 Mar., "She had the remains of a fine face..more decayed by sorrow than time."
deceased , [ppl. a.]
(1840) C. Pelham Chron. Crime (1886) II. 349 "An inquest was held upon the remains of deceased at the Dog and Gun. "
deceive , [v.]
(1667) Milton P.L. x. 990 "Childless thou art, Childless remain; so Death Shall be deceav'd his glut. "
decern , [v.]
(1582-8) Hist. James VI (1804) 21 "It was decernit that..shoe sould be transportit to the fortalice of Lochlevin, and thair decernit to remaine in captivity."
decertify , [v.]
(1960) Sunday Times 3 Jan. 11/4 "The 1960s are likely to see the decertification of the majority of the remaining certified mental defectives. "
decil decile
(1882) Galton in Rep. Brit. Assoc. 1881 245 "The Upper Decile is that which is exceeded by one-tenth of an infinitely large group, and which the remaining nine-tenths fall short of. The Lower Decile is the converse of this. "
declaration .
(1835) Dickens Let. 18 Dec. (1965) I. 109 "It will be unnecessary for me to remain here for the Declaration of the Poll on Monday. "
declare , [v.]
(1638) Chillingw. Relig. Prot. i. ii. §.12. 58 "That those [things] which are obscure should remain obscure, untill he please to declare them. "
decoction .
(1650) Fuller Pisgah i. ii. viii. 174 "The body of his men remaining was still too big, and must pass another decoction. "
decomposing [ppl. a.]
(1870) H. Macmillan Bible Teach. viii. 153 "These plants die, and form by their decomposing remains a rich and fertile mould."
decovered [ppl. a.]
(1658) J. Webb tr. Cleopatra viii. ii. 19 "His face remained almost quite decovered."
decuman , [a.]
(1870) Farrar Witn. Hist. i. (1871) 5 "Confidence, that even amid the decuman billows of modern scepticism it [the Church] shall remain immovable."
decuplate [a.]
(1690) Leybourn Cursus Math. 339 "There remains..Root Decuplate, b = 20."
dedicate , [v.]
(1771) Junius Lett. xlix. 257 "The remainder of the summer shall be dedicated to your amusement. "
dedication .
(1848) B. Webb Continent. Ecclesiol. 57 "Remains of..a dedication-cross. "
deduce , [v.]
(1662) Stillingfl. Orig. Sacr. i. v. §.3, "1117. which being deduced from 3940. the remainder is 2823."
deduct , [v.]
(1596) Spenser Hymn Love 106 "Man..hauing yet in his deducted spright, Some sparks remaining of that heauenly fyre. "
deface , [v.]
(1848) Macaulay Hist. Eng. I. 160 "Fine works of art and curious remains of antiquity, were brutally defaced."
defeasance .
(1590) Spenser F.Q. i. xii. 12 "Where that champion stout After his foes defeasaunce did remaine. "
(1602) Fulbecke 2nd Pt. Parall. 68 "As to conditions impossible in facte, such conditions if they go to the defeasans of an estate, the estate notwithstanding remaineth good. "
defectible [a.]
(1736) Butler Anal. i. v. Wks. (1874) I. 101 "Such creatures..would for ever remain defectible."
defence defense , [sb.]
(1917) D. Hecht in C. E. Long tr. Jung's Analytical Psychology (ed. 2) xiv. 424 "By these means she remains at an infantile homosexual stage, which serves her as a defence. "
defensist .
(1932) M. Eastman tr. Trotsky's Hist. Russian Rev. I. xv. 303 "`Our slogan..is pressure upon the Provisional Government..to induce all the warring countries to open immediate negotiations..and until then every man remains at his fighting post!' Both the idea and its formulation are those of the defensists. "
definition .
(1910) Whitehead &. Russell Principia Math. I. iii. 69 "Incomplete..symbols have what may be called a `definition in use'... We define the use of &udtr.2, but &udtr.2 by itself remains without meaning. "
dejeune dejune
(1837) Dickens Pickw. xviii, "For two days after the dejeune at Mrs. Hunter's, the Pickwickians remained at Eatanswill."
delayful [a.]
(1600) Holland Livy xxvii. xxi. 644 "By whose cold and delayfull proceedings..Anniball now these ten yeares had remained in Italie. "
deletion .
(1845) Davison Disc. Prophecy v. (1861) 162 "Rome remains, though Carthage is gone: the similar fate of deletion has not come. "
(1782) Wedgwood in Phil. Trans. LXX. 324 "A salt..which..would have crystallized long before the alkali became dry, or remained after its deliquiation."
delta .
(1858) Geikie Hist. Boulder ix. 172 "The process of *delta-formation remains essentially the same, both in lakes and at the sea. "
deluge , [sb.]
(1601) Holland Pliny I. 65 "In the generall deluge of the countrey by raine they only remained aliue. "
demit [v. 2]
(1563) Win&ygh.et Four Scoir Thre Quest. Wks. 1888 I. 109 "He geuis ane expres command to the innocent woman demittand hir husband, to remain vnmariit or to be reconcilit to hir husband [marg. 1 Cor. 7]. "
demi-vierge .
(1951) Koestler Age of Longing i. viii. 132 "We call demi-vierges a certain category of intellectuals who flirt with revolution and violence, while trying to remain chaste liberals at the same time. "
demob , [sb.] and [v.]
(1945) News Chron. 17 May, "No more Bevin boys will be directed to the pits, but those already there will have to remain until the time comes for them to be demobbed according to age and length of service, just as if they were soldiers. "
demolish , [v.]
(1776) Gibbon Decl. &. F. I. xvi. 422 "They completely demolished the remainder of the edifice. "
den , [sb. 1]
(1611) Bible Job xxxvii. 8 "Then the beastes goe into dennes: and remaine in their places. "
Dene-hole Dane-hole .
(1891) Proc. Soc. Antiq. 5 Feb. 245 "On the discovery of a dene-hole containing Roman remains at Plumstead."
denitrification .
(1883) Jrnl. Chem. Soc. XLIV. 230 "The denitrification is effected by the organisms which are developed; for if the liquid is sterilised by heat..the liquid remains clear and the nitrate is not altered. "
dentil .
(1823) P. Nicholson Pract. Build. 474 "The dentil-bands should remain uncut. "
deny , [v.]
(1660) Barrow Euclid ii. i. "Schol., Let + A be to be multiplied into B-C; then because + A is not affirmed of all B, but only of a part of it, whereby it exceeds C, therefore AC must remain denied. "
deoxyribonucleic acid
(1965) Peacocke &. Drysdale Molecular Basis Heredity vii. 69 "If..one or other of the two nucleic acids has been eliminated from the material by digestion with a specific enzyme (deoxyribonuclease or ribonuclease), the remaining nucleic acid can be located. "
depend , [v. 1]
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) V. 11 "An estate tail, and all the remainders over, and the reversion depending on it."
depositum .
(1711) Luttrell Brief Rel. (1857) VI. 704 "To pay down..half of that as a depositum for the remaining parts."
depsidone .
(1935) Chem. Abstr. XXIX. 147 "The remaining compds. of the orcinol group of Zopf have, in addn. to the depside linkage, a diphenyl ether linkage between the ortho OH groups with the consequent formation of a closed-ring structure. These compds. have been termed depsidones. "
depth .
(1892) Pall Mall G. 19 Jan. 4/3 "He remained three hours in the water, afraid to move, lest he should get out of his depth."
derequisition , [v.]
(1946) Ann. Reg. 1945 342 "Our studio space remained restricted through delays in de-requisition. "
descended , [ppl. a.]
(1966) Wright &. Symmers Systemic Path. I. xxvi. 812/1 "A testis that is still descending at about the end of the first year of life may fail to reach the bottom of the scrotum, remaining imperfectly descended."
descender (1)
(1485) Act 1 Hen. VII, c. 1 "Subjects having cause of Action by Formedon in the descender, or else in the remainder. "
design , [sb.]
(1802) Paley Nat. Theol. ii. §.3 "The argument from design remains as it was. "
designate , [ppl. a.]
(1925) Cambr. Univ. Cal. 85 "Bachelors in Arts, Law, Medicine, Surgery, and Music remain `Bachelors designate' until the 31st of December."
destroy , [v.]
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) II. 353 "A person who has only a trust estate, cannot..destroy a contingent remainder expectant on his estate. "
detect , [v.]
(1849) Murchison Siluria iii. 45 "Sandstone in which no other remains but fucoids have been detected. "
detenu .
(1803-1810) James Military Dict. s.v., "That these detenus (we are borne out by the public prints for using the term) would remain as hostages to secure to men in open rebellion all the rights and privileges of fair warriors. "
determinable , [a.] and [sb.]
(1880) Gunther Fishes 314 "Some of the earliest determinable fish remains."
determine , [v.]
(1767) Junius Lett. xxxv. 166 "What..remains, but to leave it to the people to determine for themselves?.. They alone ought to determine."
(1818) Mrs. Shelley Frankenst. vi. (1865) 97 "These reflections determined me and I resolved to remain silent. "
deterrable , [a.]
(1984) Washington Q. Spring 76/2 "For all its military robustness, the Soviet Union remains eminently deterrable. "
deterrent , [a.] and [sb.]
(1954) Statement on Defence p. 4 in Parl. Papers 1953-54 XXII. 474 "The primary deterrent, however, remains the atomic bomb and the ability of the highly organised and trained United States strategic air power to use it. "
detrition .
(1893) Dublin Rev. July 733 "What remains after centuries of detrition and denudation."
detritus .
(1832) De la Beche Geol. Man. (ed. 2) 210 "The whole is evidently a detritus of the Alpine rocks, and in it organic remains are by no means common. "
detruncation .
(1847) Craig, "Detruncation, The separation of the trunk of the f&oe.tus from the head, the latter remaining in utero. "
developed [ppl. a.]
(1971) Nature 11 June 341/1 "The sad condition of Bengal will remain as a sombre reproach to developed nations for many years to come. "
devenustate [v.]
(1653) Waterhouse Apol. Learning 245 (L.) "To see what yet remains of beauty and order devenustated, and exposed to shame and dishonour."
devoir , [sb.]
(A. 1605) Montgomerie Flyting 443 "Whan thae dames deuoutly had done their devore..Of that matter to make remained no more. "
devotedly [adv.]
(1812) Shelley in Hogg Life (1858) II. 137 "Believe how devotedly and sincerely I must now remain yours. "
dew , [sb.]
(1800) tr. Lagrange's Chem. II. 84 "There remains a whitish-grey mass, which formerly was called Vitriol Calcined to Whiteness. If you distil it in a retort, and collect the product, you will have first, a water slightly acid, called Dew of Vitriol. "
dial , [sb. 1]
(1865) Athen&ae.um 8 July 49 "The tower remained *dial-less as before. "
diamictonic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1811) Pinkerton Petral. I. Introd., "The remaining six domains, derived from circumstances or accidences, are..8. The Diamictonic, or rocks in which the substances are so completely mingled, that it is difficult..to pronounce which preponderates. "
diamond , [sb.]
(1960) Sunday Times 23/8 "Diamond distance remains to be achieved. "
diaper , [sb.]
(1851) Turner Dom. Archit. I. vi. 305 "There are still some remains of good distemper diaper on the walls. "
diaphragm , [sb.]
(1885) Watson &. Burbury Math. Th. Electr. &. Magn. I. 234 "The hydrogen H2 does not as in that case remain free. It passes through the diaphragm and displaces an equivalent of copper in the sulphate of copper."
dichloride .
(1854) J. Scoffern in Orr's Circ. Sc. Chem. 508 "Dichloride of gold remains. "
dicky dickey , [sb.]
(1787) Minor I. 99 "Of all her splendid apparel not a wreck remained..save her flannel dicky. "
dictatorship .
(1892) Loundsbury Stud. Chaucer III. vii. 100 "His [Dryden's] literary dictatorship..remained unshaken."
didactic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1830) Mackintosh Eth. Philos. Wks. 1846 I. 59 "A permanent foundation of his [Hobbes'] fame remains in his admirable style, which seems to be the very perfection of didactic language. "
die , [sb. 1]
(1858) De Quincey Greece under Rom. Wks. VIII. 317 "It is hardly `in the dice' that any downright novelty of fact should remain in reversion for this nineteenth century."
difference , [sb.]
(1593) Fale Dialling 19 "Which you shall find least subtract that from the greater, and that which remaineth keep, (for it shall be called the difference kept). "
(1641) J. Jackson True Evang. T. i. 41 "Who was the chiefe..remaines in some difference. "
diffluan .
(1863-72) Watts Dict. Chem. I. 138 s.v. Alloxanic Acid, "An aqueous solution of alloxanic acid is decomposed by boiling, carbonic anhydride being abundantly evolved, and two new bodies formed, one of which..difluan, remains in solution, but may be precipitated by alcohol. "
diffusedly , [adv.]
(1588) Parke tr. Mendoza's Hist. China 395 "Whose memorie doth remain vnto this day amongst the..people, although diffusedly. "
digestion .
(1676) Wiseman Chirurg. Treat. 111, "I shewed him that by Digestion the remaining fleshy body..would come away. "
diglossia .
(1982) J. Sledd in Eng. World-Wide III. ii. 246 "While claiming that Black English is not inferior, many popularizing linguists act as if it is-and set out to guarantee that as the low language in a diglossic situation, it will remain so."
dikaryophase .
(1932) Proc. 6th Int. Congress of Genetics II. 191 "The haploid nuclei..remain associated in the relatively long, parasitic dikaryophase. "
dilatorily , [adv.]
(1849) Lowell Lett. I. 167, "I remain very sincerely (and dilatorily) Your friend."
dilettante .
(1890) Spectator 11 Oct. 495 "The Shakespeare temptation remains as strong as ever with the dilettanting world."
diligent [v.]
(1545) Raynold Byrth Mankynde (1634) iv. vi. 197 "Be [the earth]..neuer so well diligented and picked, yet alwayes therein will remaine..seeds of vnlooked for weeds."
(1615) Crooke Body of Man 698 "It remaineth that wee proceede vnto the dilucidation of some difficult questions concerning the Eares. "
diluvian , [a.]
(1766) Pennant Zool. (1768) I. 41 "Remains which fossilists distinguish by the title of diluvian. "
diminution .
(1617) Moryson Itin. ii. iii. i. 213 "The remainder can hardly beare such deminution, as all Armies are subiect vnto. "
(1708) Termes de la Ley 248, "Diminution, is when the Plaintiff or Defendant in a Writ of Error alledges..that part of the Record remains in the Inferiour Court not certifyed, and prays that it be certifyed by Certiorari. "
(1873) C. W. King Early Chr. Numism. 256 "The clay disks, variously impressed, often found amongst Roman remains in this country, popularly called dinders."
Ding an sich Ding-an-sich .
(1897) Mind VI. 240 "This Reality for us remains little more than a Ding an Sich. "
ding-dong , [adv.] , [sb.] and [a.]
(1864) Daily Tel. 7 Dec., "A ding-dong race ensued for the remainder of the distance. "
dint , [sb.]
(1590) Spenser F.Q. i. i. 1 "Ycladd in mightie armes and silver shielde, Wherein old dints of deepe woundes did remaine. "
dip , [v.]
(1854) Ronalds &. Richardson Chem. Technol. (ed. 2) I. 292 "The short pipes v are consequently allowed to project about that much above the level of the plate, while their lower extremities dip into shallow cups which remain filled with liquid. "
diploe .
(1767) Gooch Treat. Wounds I. 307 "In some parts of the skull, there is naturally very little Diplö.e, and in old subjects, scarce any remains. "
dipolar , [a.]
(1873) Maxwell Electr. &. Magn. §.381 II. 7 "When a dipolar quantity is turned end for end it remains the same as before. Tensions and pressures in solid bodies, Extensions, Compressions and Distortions, and most of the optical, electrical, and magnetic properties of crystallized bodies are dipolar quantities. "
diprotodon .
(1892) Pall Mall G. 30 Sept. 6/3 "Remains of the extinct monster diprotodon."
direction .
(1548) Hall Chron., Hen. VIII, 14/b, "And there remained at the kynges charge, til other direccion was taken for theim."
dirigible , [a.] and [sb.]
(1927) Glasgow Herald 28 Apr. 15 "A new dictionary of air terms has been compiled... So far as England is concerned, the word `dirigible' will disappear and only `airship' remain. "
dirt , [sb.]
(1894) J. Geikie Gt. Ice Age (ed. 3) 30 "The beds of snow..being usually marked off by a `*dirt-line' or crust formed of a mixture of dust, small grit, and occasional remains of insects. "
dirty , [a.]
(1925) New Yorker 19 Sept. 6, "I shall insert into the second act of each play one of the three remaining Dirty Words that haven't yet been pronounced on the stage. "
disabuse , [v.]
(1856) Froude Hist. Eng. (1858) I. ii. 136 "It remained for Clement VII to disabuse men of their alarms. "
disanchor , [v.]
(1851) Carlyle Sterling ii. vi. (1872) 138 "We need not dwell at too much length on the foreign journeys, disanchorings, and nomadic vicissitudes of household, which occupy his few remaining years."
disarm , [v.]
(1788) Lady Hawke Julia de G. I. 230 "Disarmed from the slightest remains of envy, Julia returned to the company. "
disarmed , [ppl. a.]
(1594) Spenser Amoretti xii, "I then disarmed did remaine. "
disbelieve , [v.]
(1826) Hallam in Edin. Rev. XLIV. 2 "There would be no historical certainty remaining, if it were possible to disbelieve such a contemporary witness as Sir Thomas More."
disbud , [v.]
(1727) Bradley Fam. Dict. s.v. Disbudding, "Peaches, Apricocks, etc. are..disbudded, that the remaining Branches may be the better preserv'd. "
discard , [v.]
(1680) Cotton Gamester in Singer Hist. Cards 265 "By discarding the eights, nines, and tens, there will remain thirteen cards. "
discipline , [sb.]
(1874) Green Short Hist. viii. §.5. 509 "The Presbyterian organization remained untouched in doctrine or discipline. "
discless , [a.]
(1871) tr. Schellen's Spectr. Anal. 338 "In the largest instruments the stars remain diskless."
discomposure .
(1756) Bullock in Phil. Trans. XLIX. 402 "Several pieces of minerals were dropped from the sides and roof, but all the shafts remained intire, without the least discomposure."
disconcert [sb.]
(1673) Temple Observ. Netherl. Pref. (Seager), "The remainders of their state are..kept alive by neglect or disconcert of their enemies. "
disconcert , [v.]
(1818) Jas. Mill Brit. India II. iv. iv. 154 "One of the four divisions..fell behind its time, and disconcerted the operations of the remainder. "
discord , [sb.]
(1602) Marston Ant. &. Mel. v. Wks. 1856 I. 67 "There remaines no discord that can sound Harsh accents to the eare of our accord. "
discordant , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1651) Hobbes Leviath. ii. xxvi. 140 "The reasons and resolutions are, and must remain discordant. "
discoursing [ppl. a.]
(1625) Bacon Ess., Truth (Arb.) 499 "And though the Sects of Philosophers of that Kinde be gone, yet there remaine certaine discoursing Wits. "
discover , [v.]
(1658) Sir T. Browne Hydriot. ii. (1736) 29 "The remaining Bones discovered his Proportions. "
discreet , [a.] ( [adv.] and [sb.] ).
(1533) More Apol. xxii. Wks. 882/2 "A great some remaining after al the spiritual folke sufficiently prouided for, then had it bene good that he hadde yet farther deuysed, how it would please him that his discretes should order the remanaunt."
discreetly , [adv.]
(1891) E. Peacock N. Brendon I. 32 "Ellen remained discreetly silent."
discretion .
(1632) J. Hayward tr. Biondi's Eromena 151 "[This] gave occasion to such as remained to yeeld themselves to the enemies discretion. "
disentomb , [v.]
(1871) Fraser Life &. Lett. Berkeley iii. 78 "The disentombed remains of Herculaneum."
disentwine [v.]
(1875) Sunday Mag. June 580 "Thoughts..intertwine and disentwine, but the problem remains."
disguise , [v.]
(1593) Shaks. Lucr. 1452 "Her cheeks with chaps and wrinkles were disguised; Of what she was no semblance did remain. "
disinvest [v.]
(1975) Economist 2 Aug. 4/3 "His only remaining realistic course..would seem to be to disinvest - namely to curtail and actually reduce the size and profitability of his company. "
disject , [v.]
(1893) Law Times XCV. 54/1 "That branch of the Profession elects to remain disjected, a profession of units without common interests, without cohesion. "
dislune [v.]
(1881) A. J. Duffield Don Quixote III. lxiv. 641 "He wondered if Rozinante would remain humpbacked or not, or his master dislocated: it had been no small fortune had he been disluned. [Sp. deslocado, f. loco mad, `cracked'.]"
dismember , [v.]
(1725) Pope Odyss. iii. 322 "Fowls obscene dismember'd his remains. "
disown , [v.]
(1727) Minutes of Yearly Meeting of Soc. Friends 26 Mar. (J. Phillips, 1783), "Any person denied by a Monthly Meeting is adjudged as disowned by Friends and to stand and remain in that state, till by his repentance..he is reconciled to Friends, or reinstated in membership among them. "
displacing [ppl. a.]
(1862) F. Hall Hindu Philos. Syst. 87 note, "That one such quality may displace another, their theory is, that the displacing quality must remain with the quality displaced during the last moment of the subsistence of the latter. "
displeasurable [a.]
(1879) H. Spencer Data Ethics xiv. 245 "The required modes of activity must remain for innumerable generations in some degree displeasurable. "
(1833) Fraser's Mag. VII. 655 "What can bring back the command and disposability of back-rents, while the present national debt remains. "
disposition .
(1884) Sir J. Bacon in Law Rep. 27 Ch. Div. 47 "The point which is said to remain for disposition when the case is heard."
(1832) Ht. Martineau Life in Wilds ix. 121 "There was a general disposition to remain. "
disputable , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1724) Swift Drapier's Lett. Wks. 1755 V. ii. 38 "Until any point is determined to be a law, it remains disputable by every subject. "
disquarter [v. 2]
(1632) Quarles Div. Fancies iii. lxxviii. (1660) 132 "If then, at most, the measur'd life of Man Be counted but a span, Being half'd, and quarter'd, and disquarter'd thus, What, what remains for us?"
dissatisfied , [ppl. a.]
(1880) Rhoda Broughton Sec. Th. I. viii, "She remains dissatisfiedly mute."
dissection .
(1937) Wooldridge &. Morgan Physical Basis Geogr. xiii. 177 "If the active deepening of the valleys is continued after the stage of mature dissection, the ridge-crests will remain sharp. "
dissipated [ppl. a.]
(1738) Johnson London 20 "Of dissipated wealth the small remains. "
dissipation .
(1876) Ouida Winter City iii. 59 "Art had remained with her rather an intellectual dissipation than a tenderness."
dissituate [a.]
(1593) Nashe Christ's T. (1613) 75 "No Trophy remaining, no stone but discituate. "
dissolute , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1620) Shelton Don Quixote ii. iv, "A great deal of Goods..of all which the young man remained a dissolute Lord. "
dissweeten [v.]
(1667) Flavel Saint Indeed (1754) 125 "That fellowship is so dissweetened by remaining corruptions."
(1579) Fenton Guicciard. ix. (1599) 382 "It was hard for him to remaine there, both for the want of victuals, and distemperance of the time, winter approching."
distemperate [a.]
(1548) Recorde Urin. Physick viii. 35 "There remaineth yet somewhat of that distemperate trouble in the blood. "
distil distill , [v.]
(1599) Sandys Europ&ae. Spec. (1632) 142 "This man is very charie over that one remaining, and distilleth all other devises rather than set finger to that string. "
distinction .
(1579) Fulke Heskins' Parl. 207 "The distinction remaineth without a difference. "
distortion .
(1867) A. Barry Sir C. Barry vii. 244 "Some remains of the objectionable distortion at the entrance from S. Stephen's Hall."
distraught , [ppl. a.]
(1591) Spenser Ruines of Time 578, "I in minde remained..Distraught twixt feare and pitie. "
distress , [sb.]
(1794) Godwin Cal. Williams 46 "The squire..took the earliest opportunity of seizing on his remaining property in the mode of a distress for rent. "
distress , [v.]
(1609) Skene Reg. Maj. 78 "The distres (or gudes poynded) sall remaine in the possession of the complainer, vntil it be discussed, quhither he is lawfullie or vnlawfullie distressed. "
distressed , [ppl. a.]
(1936) Discovery Nov. 355/2 "The development of newer industries is vital to the recovery of our distressed areas, which remain the one black spot in the otherwise remarkable position of Great Britain. "
distrustful , [a.]
(1618) Hist. P. Warbeck in Select. Harl. Misc. (1793) 70 "Loth to remain amongst such distrustful enemies, he quietly returned to his most assured friend, the lady Margaret. "
disturnpike , [v.]
(1872) Daily News 26 June, "On Monday next, 1st July, the remainder of the metropolis roads north of the Thames will be `disturnpiked.' "
disvisage [v.]
(1881) Duffield Don Quix. I. 365 "The knight..remained so disvisaged."
disworship [sb.]
(1600) Holland Livy 881 (R.) "It were a great disworship and shame even for them, that there should remaine in bondage any [etc.]."
(1612) Woodall Surg. Mate Wks. (1653) 270 "Divaporation is exhalation by fire of vapour, remaining in liquid substances, till all aquosity be consumed. "
divergence .
(1657) Wallis Corr. of Hobbes ix. 81 "Doth it remain the same angle, the same quantity of divergence? "
diversification .
(1944) A. Cairncross Introd. Econ. ii. vi. 76 "Such diversification makes the firm less vulnerable to sudden changes and allows it to remain a going concern where smaller, less diversified concerns would be forced to give up business. "
divide , [v.]
(1709-29) V. Mandey Syst. Math., Arith. 4 "A Number is said to measure a Number, when one so exactly divides the other, that nothing remains. "
divisor .
(1674) Jeake Arith. (1696) 30 "This Remain is always less than the Divisor. "
dock , [sb. 2]
(1755) Johnson, "Dock, the stump of the tail, which remains after docking. "
doggy doggie , [sb.]
(1984) Listener 5 Apr. 23/1 "About a pound of the remains came home in a doggy bag."
dolly , [v.]
(1965) Listener 11 Feb. 238/3 "The camera..remains static and does not `dolly in' for a close-up, or alternatively `dolly out'."
domestic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1859) Darwin Orig. Spec. i. (1873) 14 "The origin of most of our domestic animals will probably for ever remain vague."
domineering [vbl. sb.]
(1866) Mrs. H. Wood St. Martin's Eve xxxii, "If Charlotte did remain with them, she should not stand any domineering."
Doomie .
(1962) Guardian 30 Nov. 12/4 "Pinwheel was his first name, but..he was adopted by other RAF units under the name of Doomie-and Doomie he remained until the British Army adopted him (circa 1943) with the new name of Chad."
doomwatch .
(1984) Times 20 Mar. 12/2 "The CCU [sc. Civil Contingencies Unit] remains Whitehall's `doomwatch' organization. It keeps constantly updated files on 16 essential industries and services."
door .
Mod. "You had better remain in doors."
dope , [sb.]
(1880) Trans. Amer. Inst. Min. Eng. VIII. 417 "Hercules powder..contains a very large proportion of nitrate of soda..the remainder of the dope being incombustible carbonate of magnesia. "
dope [v.]
(1921) Blackw. Mag. Apr. 535/2 "She rejoined the remainder of the passengers.., having in her hands a doped handkerchief. "
dormant , [a.] and [sb.]
(1882) Vines Sachs' Bot. 640 "The numerous dormant buds of woody plants may long remain buried and yet retain their vitality. "
(1883) Syd. Soc. Lex., "Dormant bud, a bud which remains, it may be for years, undeveloped on a plant stem."
dormy , [a.]
(1892) Pall Mall G. 28 July 3/3 "You are..`all even' so far, and only one more hole remains to be played after this. Should you lose this one, your antagonist will be `dormy', that is to say, he will be one hole up with one to play; so that, although you may yet halve the match, you will not be able to win it. "
double , [a.] ( [adv.] )
(1904) N.Z. Illustr. Mag. X. 48/1 "Sheep annually evaded the shearing muster and remained among the scrub..to develop into `*double-fleecers'. "
double event
(1846) Sylvanus Pedestrian &. other Reminiscences xxiv. 221 "The laying on a `double event', when one of them remains in the bettor's power, having his victim bound in the..chain of certain..loss. "
doubt , [sb. 1]
(1708) Stanhope Paraphr. (1709) IV. 67 "To remove all Remains of Unbelief and Doubt. "
doup .
(1894) Crockett Lilac Sunb. 72 "What remained of the smooth candle `dowp'."
down , [adv.]
(1883) Cambridge Staircase viii. 137, "I am in college, and there I intend to remain till I go down. "
down-market (stress variable) [a.] and [adv.]
(1983) Economist 2 July 66/3 "Kaufhof looks like remaining the most downmarket of West Germany's stores."
downy , [sb.]
(1968) Gloss. Brit. Argot (Paramount Pictures), "Do the downy, remain in bed."
drab , [sb. 1]
(1753) Chambers Cycl. Supp., "Drabs, in the English salt works, a name given to a sort of wooden cases into which the salt is put, as soon as it is taken out of the boiling pan..Their bottoms are made..gradually inclining forwards; by which means the saline liquor that remains mixed with the salt easily drains out. In some places they use cribs instead of the Drabs."
drab , [sb. 2] and [a.]
(1878) Miss Braddon Open Verd. viii. 60 "Though the paint was mostly gone a general drabness remained. "
dracontine , [a.]
(1865) Baring-Gould Werewolves x. 175 "A gigantic man with few of the dracontine attributes remaining."
draft , [sb.]
(1878) J. H. Beadle Western Wilds 532 "All the really valuable survivors of the volunteer army had returned to civil life;..the draft-sneaks and worthless remained. "
drag , [sb.]
(1894) Doyle Mem. S. Holmes 109 "We had the drags at once, and set to work to recover the remains."
drain , [v.]
(1850) Kingsley Alt. Locke i, "He drained the remaining drops of the three-pennyworth of cream."
draining [vbl. sb.]
(1753) N. Torriano Gangr. Sore Throat 90 "The Inside of the Nose remained perfectly clear, and free, nor was there any running or draining from thence. "
dream , [sb. 2]
(1963) Auden Dyer's Hand 510 "Prince Hal will remain his [Falstaff's] dream-son and boon-companion. "
dreggy , [a.]
(1657) Physical Dict., "The thinner parts are evaporated, and the thicker remain black and dreggy. "
dress , [v.]
(1888) N. &. Q. 7th Ser. V. 344 "All that remains of the west sides of the square..is continued on the same plan as the brick house, and dresses with it in height."
(1851) Offic. Catal. Gt. Exhib. I. 229 " For the purpose of dressing the remaining sand off it [a casting]. "
driffle drifle [v.]
(1639) R. Baillie Lett. &. Jrnls. (1841) I. 220 "Some jealousies did yet remaine, as driffling after a great shower."
drive , [v.]
(1727-52) Chambers Cycl. s.v. Printing, "When an omission is to be made..If it be but little, the compositor takes it out, and drives out the remaining matter. "
drive , [sb.]
(1983) 80 Microcomputing Feb. 231/1 "Once a drive has been activated it remains rotating for only 30 seconds. "
(1894) Amer. Dict. Printing 149/1 "Drop letters, two-line letters, the top being as high as the top of a line of an advertisement or of reading matter, the remainder dropping down to the next line. This expression is not used in America, the equivalent being a two-line letter. "
drosophyllum .
(1894) F. W. Oliver tr. Kerner's Nat. Hist. Plants I. 154 "It is not surprising to find Drosophyllum covered at the same time with remains of besmeared dead bodies. "
drown , [v.]
(1642) tr. Perkins' Prof. Bk. ix. §.584. 254 "If the estate in remainder or in reversion be such an estate wherein the particular estate may be drowned. "
drugget .
(1870) Miss Bridgman Ro. Lynne xiii, "The carpets..remained hidden from sight by the cleanest of druggets."
Druidic , [a.]
(1773) Gentl. Mag. XLIII. 230 "The remains of a stone tower, which I apprehend to be a Druidic work. "
Druidical , [a.]
(1879) Lubbock Sci. Lect. v. 167 "Avebury, the most magnificent of Druidical remains."
dry , [a.] ( [adv.] )
(1890) Daily News 8 Dec. 26/5 "Twenty thousand breeding ewes..the remainder being what are called `dry sheep'."
(1971) Scotsman 20 May 20/8 "If the people of Kirkintilloch could be consulted on the issue of whether they should remain `dry' or `wet' it was difficult to see whether they should not also be consulted on the question of whether they should enter the Common Market."
(1946) L. D. Stamp Britain's Struct. xv. 173 "For a thousand years these scattered `dry-point' settlements remained typical of the heart of what is now Greater London. "
dry [sb.]
(1968) K. Weatherly Roo Shooter 35 "As the dry progressed and the heat remained constant, they stopped breeding."
dry dock dry-dock
(1927) W. E. Collinson Contemp. Eng. 58 "Those who have been in close contact with the infected patient may have to remain in quarantine or dry-dock. "
(1929) H. A. Vachell Virgin iii. 55 "June found herself in dry dock, and likely to remain there, when her services were most in demand. "
dryness .
(1910) Mark Twain Speeches 430 "When the others drink I like to help; otherwise I remain dry. This dryness does not hurt me. "
dubitation .
(1837) Carlyle Fr. Rev. III. vii. vii, "In the wreck of human dubitations, this remains indubitable, that Pleasure is pleasant."
duck , [sb. 1]
(1893) Cassell's Bk. Sports &. Pastimes 255 "The players [at Duckstone] then, standing at home, `pink for duck', that is, they throw their stones towards the block, and he whose stone remains farthest from the block is first duck."
(1610) W. Folkingham Art of Survey ii. viii. 61 "From the medietie of the sides vnited, subduct each side seuerally; eradicate the ductat of the said medietie and remainders."
dudgeon , [sb. 2] and [a.]
(1781) Mad. D'Arblay Diary May, "I returned without..any remaining appearance of dudgeon in my phiz. "
due , [a.] and [adv.]
(1891) Law Times XC. 409/1 "The whole of those sums remained due."
dukedom .
(1593) Shaks. 3 Hen. VI, iv. vii. 9 "What then remaines..But that we enter, as into our Dukedome? "
dumb , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1635) J. Hayward tr. Biondi's Banish'd Virg. 29 "Strucken dumbe remain'd Feredo with this..dishonest proposition. "
(1887) Sir R. H. Roberts In the Shires vi. 104 "For a few moments he remained dumb-struck. "
dumb show
(1588) Shaks. Tit. A. iii. i. 31 "Or shall we bit our tongues, and in dumbe shewes Passe the remainder of our..dayes? "
dummy , [sb.]
(1951) M. Wilkes et al. Preparation of Programs for an Electronic Digital Computer 148 "Order 13 is I F during input of punched digits, T F for dummy zeros which make up remainder of 10 digits. "
dump [sb. 4]
(1955) Jrnl. Brit. Interplanetary Soc. XIV. 16 "To give a clean shut-down a dump valve was fitted to the cooling jacket which drained overboard any fuel remaining in it. "
dun , [sb. 3]
(1875) W. McIlwraith Guide Wigtownshire 138 "Here are the remains of a doon, or of a circular tower of some sort. "
dunce , [sb.]
(1866) R. W. Dale Disc. Spec. Occ. ii. 39 "As some boys remain dunces though they are sent to the best schools."
(1943) Hutchinson's Pict. Hist. of War 4 Aug.-26 Oct. 21/2 "Evacuation of some of the enemy's forces, harassed by allied aircraft and naval units, has already begun, but it remains to be seen how successful this minor `Dunkirk' will be. "
duplication .
(1965) Peacocke &. Drysdale Molec. Basis Heredity vii. 77 "These results are those expected if the interphase chromosome before duplication contains two components each of which remains intact..during chromosome duplication. "
durbar .
(1793) Hodges Trav. India 105 "In the inner court are the remains of the durbar, or hall of public audience. "
during ,
(1653) Cloria &. Narcissus i. 308 "To remaine..during a necessary conveniency might also be had for the repairing of her own ship. "
dusk , [a.] and [sb.]
(1705) Stanhope Paraphr. I. 25 "Frail Mortality will always have some Remains of Shadow and Dusk. "
dusting , [vbl. sb.]
(1879) Telegraphic Jrnl. 15 Oct. 344/2 "The `dusting-on' process [of phosphorescent photography] consists in coating a plate with a preparation of dextrine, honey, and bichromate of ammonia which..becomes hardened..remaining tacky where it is protected from..light."
Dutch , [a.] , [sb.] ( [adv.] )
(1890) Webster, "*Dutch door, a door divided into two parts, horizontally, so arranged that the lower part can be shut and fastened, while the upper part remains open. "
dyad .
(1933) H. B. Phillips Vector Anal. x. 217 "A linear equation satisfied by dyads will remain valid if each dyad is replaced by the dot or cross product of its two vectors. "
dyeable , [a.]
(1969) Sci. Jrnl. July 78/1 "The sheath polymer not engaged in bond formation remains distributed along the fibre where it can still contribute to properties of abrasion resistance, covering power and dyeability. "
dying [ppl. a.]
(1947) C. S. Lewis Miracles xiv. 138 "The records..show us a Person who enacts the part of the Dying God, but whose thoughts and words remain quite outside the circle of religious ideas to which the Dying God belongs. "
Dyothelete , [a.] and [sb.]
(1882) Cave &. Banks tr. Dorner's Chr. Doctrine 220 "The decision of the Dyothelitic Council of the year 680: `The human will remains in unity with the Divine, because it is always determined by the omnipotent drawing of the Logos'. "
eagle , [sb.]
(1927) Observer 3 Apr. 29/1 "[He] let loose a whole flock of `birdies' and `eagles' with which he captured the remainder of the holes. "
ear , [sb. 1]
(1861) Miss Pratt Flower. Pl. III. 183 "Corolla with two ears at the base, which remain and crown the fruit."
earth , [sb. 1]
(1906) W. De Morgan Joseph Vance xix. 191 "The black Shadow that oppressed me was bidden to..scatter itself over the remainder of my *earth-life. "
earthwork .
(1830) Lyell Princ. Geol. I. 278 "The remains of an ancient entrenchment..This earth-work was evidently once of considerable extent. "
eastern , [a.] and [sb.]
(1865) Pusey Truth Eng. Ch. 60 "S. Meletius remained in the communion of the Easterns. "
easy , [a.] and [adv.]
(1855) Macaulay Hist. Eng. IV. 251 "He remained there in easy confinement. "
eating , [vbl. sb.]
(1823) F. Cooper Pioneer vii. (1869) 35/2 "The remainder of the party withdrew to an eating parlour. "
ebb , [sb.]
(1713) Addison Cato ii. v. 80 "To shed the slow remains, His last poor ebb of blood, in your defence. "
ebbing [ppl. a.]
(1597) Daniel Civ. Wars vii. 10 "For all this ebbing chance, remains The spring that feeds that hope. "
echo , [v.]
(1900) A. Dunn Bridge 54 "He should take the first opportunity of echoing in a plain suit, which will inform the leader that he has still one trump remaining. "
echopraxia .
(1904) T. Johnstone tr. Kraebelin's Lect. Clin. Psychiatry iii. 25 "All his movements showed a certain constraint and want of freedom. His limbs remained for some time in the position in which you placed them. If you raised your arms quickly in front of him, he imitated the movement, and he also clapped his hands when it was done before him. These phenomena, called respectively flexibilitas cerea, `waxen flexibility', or catalepsy and echopraxis, are familiar to us from experiments in hypnotism. "
editorialize [v.]
(1960) New Left Rev. May-June 3/1 "`A clear statement that the party remains committed..'-the New Statesman editorialises (5 March 1960). "
eduction .
(1839) R. S. Robinson Naut. Steam Eng. 102 "The steam will be cut off..but the eduction will remain open. "
effortless , [a.] and quasi- [adv.]
(1801) Southey Thalaba iv. xix, "Idly to remain Were yielding effortless. "
effronted [ppl. a.]
(1628) Le Grys tr. Barclay's Argenis 216 "Lest my Vncle..should the more effrontedly execute vpon mee the remainder [of his treachery]. "
egg , [sb.]
(1704) A. van Leeuwenhoek in Phil. Trans. XXV. 1620, "I saw exceeding small ones still remaining in the Ovarium or *Egg-nest. "
eggless , [a.]
(1904) H. G. Wells Food of Gods i. iv. 92 "The two surviving hens..spent their remaining years in eggless celebrity. "
ego .
(1871) Tyndall Fragm. Sc. (ed. 6) II. iv. 51 "While the Non-ego shifts, the Ego remains the same."
egoity .
(1722) Wollaston Relig. Nat. ix. 198 "If you would permit me to use a school term, I would say the egoity remains. "
Einstein .
(1958) Listener 11 Dec. 973/1 "Eddington remained faithful to this idea that the universe evolved from the static but unstable Einstein universe. "
either , [a.] ( [pron.] ) and [adv.] ( [conj.] ).
(1588) R. Parke tr. Mendoza's Hist. China 76 "The other thirteene prouinces that do remaine haue eyther of them a vizroy or governor. "
eke , [v.]
(1878) H. S. Wilson Alp. Ascents ii. 57 "After a glass apiece we eke out the remainder with snow."
elapse [sb.]
(1811) Pinkerton Petral. II. 370 "The under current continues to flow; so that upon its complete elapse, the space remains void."
electorship .
(1762) tr. Busching's Syst. Geog. V. 632 "Neumark remained still to the electorship."
electro- ,
(1951) Arch. Ophthalmology XLV. 185 " There remains much that could be investigated using the *electro-oculograph as an instrument of research. "
(1907) Chem. Abstr. I. 2206 " The solid constituents remain as separate as in mixtures such as sand, clay, and lime, the *electrosmotic components separating readily while the non-electrosmotic components remain in the liquid. "
(1907) Chem. Abstr. I. 2651 "Any substances that do not wander *electro-osmotically remain in the liquid. "
(1964) N. G. Clark Mod. Org. Chem. ii. 23 "Atoms bound by this type of valency must remain in close proximity..and there is no question of their leading separate existences, as do the ions in electrovalency. "
elementary , [a.]
(1963) K. W. Ford World of Elementary Particles 17 "The heaviest known `elementary' particle, the xi particle..has not yet been explained as a composite of any of the lighter particles. That all of these particles are built up from some more primordial material remains..a strong possibility. "
elephant .
(1887) Woodward Geol. Eng. &. Wales 519 "The *Elephant Bed [at Brighton] first described by Dr. Mantell is provincially termed Combe rock..it contains remains of Elephas primigenius, etc. "
elephantine , [a.]
(1875) Wonders Phys. World II. iv. 300 "Fossil elephantine remains."
elephantoid , [a.]
(1841) Trimmer Pract. Geol. 407 "No elephantoid remains. "
elevated , [ppl. a.] (and [sb.] )
(1947) Harper's Mag. May 453/2 "The remaining eighty per cent [of the population] cling to the greasy straps of the antiquated, unsanitary, dilapidated, and dangerous Elevated. "
elevation .
(1848) W. Bartlett Egypt to Pal. x. (1879) 221 "The remaining part of the elevation seemed like a small hill placed upon a terrace."
elevator .
(1885) Century Mag. XXX. 579/1 "With staircases and elevator-shafts which must remain open, [etc.]. "
(1934) J. A. Sinclair Airships in Peace &. War iv. 84, "I had remained inside the control car with only the elevator-man and we both left the ship [sc. a zeppelin]. "
elf-lock .
(1810) Gentl. Mag. LXXXVI. i. 214 "Their hair remains matted and wreathed in elves-locks. "
elide , [v.]
(1867) A. J. Ellis E.E. Pronunc. i. iv. 342 "It must remain an undecided question whether Chaucer would or would not have elided the vowel."
elite , [sb. 3]
(1968) Listener 4 Apr. 445/2 "The New Statesman was, and remains, an &eacu.lite paper, a `quality' paper."
elixir , [sb.]
(1673) Grew Anat. Roots ii. §.60 "The remainder, is..an Oleous Elixyr, or extract, in the form of a Milk. "
Elizabethan , [a.] and [sb.]
(1953) F. E. Halliday in R. Carew Surv. Cornwall 11 "It still remains..one of the best accounts that we possess of life in Elizabethan England, a quality that should appeal to Elizabethans of the new age."
(1652) C. Stapylton Herodian 74 "Of such before as writ his Acts or Elogie, Some Records doe unto this day remain."
elongate , [a.]
(1847) Hardy in Proc. Berw. Nat. Club II. No. 5. 235 "The remaining five forming an elongate club. "
eluviate , [v.]
(1926) Tansley &. Chipp Study of Vegetation vii. 116 "With lapse of time not only are calcium carbonate and other soluble salts leached from the surface soil..but the finer insoluble particles tend also to be mechanically carried down, so that the coarser particles alone remain in the surface layers, which are then said to be `eluviated' as well as `leached'. "
embalm , [v.]
(1856) Kane Arct. Expl. I. xix. 240 "The frost has embalmed their remains."
embalming , [vbl. sb.]
(1867) Trollope Chron. Barset I. xliii. 381 "The embalming of her dear remains. "
(1620) tr. Boccaccio's Dream 33 "No imbarment remained but remembrance of the Marquesse. "
embed imbed , [v.]
(1863) Lyell Antiq. Man 8, "I have spoken of the embedding of organic bodies and human remains in peat. "
embitter , [v.]
(1868) Freeman Norm. Conq. (1876) II. vii. 89 "An act which embittered the remainder of his days."
embody imbody , [v.]
(1677) W. Harris tr. Lemery's Course Chym. i. xvi. (1686) 376 "The spirit of wine being a sulphur does unite and imbody with those that remain. "
embosom imbosom , [v.]
(1876) Green Short Hist. x. §.4. 798 "What sepulchre embosoms the remains..of so much human excellence and glory? "
embryoniferous , [a.]
(1834) R. Brown Misc. Bot. Wks. (1866) I. 570 "The remains of the embryoniferous areol&ae., from four to six in number, were still visible."
embryotic , [a.]
(1864) Kingsley Rom. &. Teut. 40 "Intellect and virtue remain..embryotic."
emissary , [sb. 2]
(1786) Phil. Trans. LXXVI. 368 "The famous Emissary of the Emperor Claudius remains nearly entire. "
emphasize , [v.]
(1883) Froude Short Stud. IV. ii. iv. 215 "The emphasis of phrases may remain, but the point emphasised has been blunted."
emphatic , [a.]
(1970) Language XLVI. 374 "There remain still to be considered the instances of pronominalization in simplex sentences-reflexives, emphatics, and topicalized sentences."
empire , [sb.]
(1847) in J. C. Byrne Twelve Years Wand. Brit. Colonies (1848) II. iii. 86 "This gentleman asked whether the colony was to remain the sink-hole of the empire. "
(1967) J. Marshall-Cornwall Napoleon ii. 26 "The French field-guns remained unchanged in range and calibre throughout the whole period of the Consulate and Empire."
emporium .
(1805) Lucock Nat. Wool 44 "Perhaps they [the Italian cities] would have remained much longer the emporia of the world. "
emys .
(1873) Geikie Gt. Ice Age 492 App., "Remains of the elephant..the beaver, the emys..and goats."
en , [prep.]
(1889) Athen&ae.um 14 Sept. 351/1 "The persistence with which Mrs. Markenfeld..remains en pension in a gloomy house with such abominable company. "
enaliosaur .
(1863) Lyell Antiq. Man xx. 403 "Remains of an enaliosaur..in the coal of Nova Scotia."
encheer , [v.]
(C. 1800) K. White Christiad ix, "No sweet remain of life encheers the sight."
enclose inclose , [v.]
(1562) Apol. Private Masse (1850) 8 "To enclose that to some one sort of private profit, that ought to remain in common. "
encounter , [sb.]
(1970) J. Howard Please Touch 16 "After the Advanced Encounter I was persuaded easily to remain for the weekend. "
(1968) J. Howard in Life 12 July 65/3 "Will all that remains be a few yellowing Christmas cards from friends we met in encounter groups? "
end , [sb.]
(1969) Canad. Antiques Collector June 24/1 "`End of day' novelties, blown for fun from remaining glass, are..the most interesting from a collector's point of view. "
(1657) Serjeant Schism Dispach't 478 "Would any government..remain on foot three years to an end, if, etc. "
(1594) Carew Huarte's Exam. Wits v. (1596) 55 "If the other two [ventricles] remained not sound, and without endammageance, a man should thereby become witles, and void of reason."
endo- , [prefix]
(1900) tr. Deniker's Races of Man v. 148 "*Endocannibalism is but the remains of a natural state of primitive man. "
(1959) Chambers's Encycl. IV. 278/2 "In the walking legs of crabs and lobsters only the endopod remains, but in the corresponding thoracic limbs of some more primitive Malacostra the exopod is presented as a many-pointed flagellum and is used for swimming. "
English , [a.] and [sb.]
(1579) Fulke Refut. Rastel 763 "Prayers remaine still in the Saxon or old English tongue. "
engraft ingraft , [v.]
(1827) J. Powell Devises (ed. 3) II. 245 "An executory limitation [is] engrafted on an alternate contingent remainder in fee on another. "
engrave , [v.]
(1614) Raleigh Hist. World ii. 312 "His Sepulchre remained in S. Hierome's time, and over it the Sunne engraven."
engulf ingulf , [v.]
(C. 1630) Drumm. of Hawth. Poems Wks. 34/1 "Her [Earth's] surface shakes..Towns them ingulf..Now nought remaineth but a Waste of Sand. "
enhearse inhearse , [v.]
(1855) Singleton Virgil II. 6 "We My godlike sire's remains and bones inhearsed In earth."
enosis .
(1955) Times 2 July 6/7 "The Archbishop and his enosis followers remain uncompromising in their demand for immediate self&dubh.determination. "
enrolment .
(1535) Act 27 Hen. VIII, c. 27 "Which regester of enrollementes, shall remaine and be safelie kepte in the said courte. "
enseam , [v. 3]
(1725) Pope Odyss. xix. 544 "Deep o'er his knee inseam'd, remain'd the scar. "
enshrine , [v.]
(1820) W. Irving Sketch-bk. I. 267 "The remains of those saints and monarchs which lie enshrined in the adjoining chapels. "
ensign , [sb.]
(1854) Thackeray Newcomes I. 90 "There was never a card in her window, whilst those ensigns in her neighbours' houses would remain exposed..for months together."
entail , [sb. 2]
(1601) Shaks. All's Well iv. iii. 313 "For a Cardceue he will..cut th' intaile from all remainders. "
entente cordiale .
(1847) H. Greville Diary (1883) I. 189 "If Guizot remains in office Normanby must be recalled, as the only chance of a renewal of the entente cordiale. "
enter , [v.]
(1796) H. Hunter tr. St. Pierre's Stud. Nat. (1799) III. 339 "Enter into it [harbour] then at this time..while day-light remains. "
(1881) Michell Hawking in Macm. Mag. XLV. 39 "It remains only to break him to the lure, and to `enter' him, each of which processes is soon completed."
enthalpy .
(1950) Jrnl. R. Aeronaut. Soc. 76/1 "Since there can be no loss in energy, the enthalpy levels of each of the points of the cycle diagram prior to the final expansion remain the same as for the ideal cycle. "
entire , [a.] , [adv.] and [sb.]
(A. 1631) Donne Paradoxes (1652) 86 "[A miser's treasure profits no one;] Yet it remains intire. "
(1666) Evelyn Diary 7 Sept., "Nothing remaining intire but the inscription in the architrave. "
(1698) Sidney Disc. Govt. i. §.3 (1704) 8 "So that the Question remains intire, as if he had never mention'd it."
entitle , [v.]
(1826) Henry Elem. Chem. I. 635 "The remaining salts of alumina have no properties sufficiently important to entitle them to a separate description. "
entomb , [v.]
(1842) Prichard Nat. Hist. Man 189 "The remains of the dead found entombed in various parts of Europe."
enucleation .
(1960) L. Picken Organization of Cells iv. vi. 139 "The amoeba is unable to spread after enucleation and remains rounded up."
(1941) Manch. Guardian Weekly, 17 Jan. 52 "Meanwhile we may remain careless of `what the Swede intend' and let the enzymologists go their way. "
ephedra .
(1963) V. Nabokov Gift ii. 118 "Those plants that to the last remain faithful to travellers: stunted ammodendrons, lasiagrostis, and ephedras."
epidermis .
(1650) Bulwer Anthropomet. 156 "They remain like peel'd Ewes, until their Faces have recovered a new Epidermis. "
epiphenomenon .
(1965) H. Kuhlenbeck in J. R. Smythies Brain &. Mind 156 "Yet, in this respect, consciousness remains either an `epiphenomenon' or a parallel, not `causally' involved phenomenon... The term `epiphenomenon' stresses the `vectorial' or one-way, open transformation from public physical space-time into private perceptual space-time."
epiphysis .
(1882) A. Thomson in Quain's Elem. Anat. (ed. 9) II. 831 (heading) "Pineal gland. Epiphysis cerebri... This body is formed by an out-folding from the back part of the inter-brain roof, at a place where the opposite sides remain united by nervous matter afterwards giving rise to the pineal peduncles. "
epiplasm .
(1906) Cambr. Nat. Hist. I. 96 (Sporozoa) "Some of the cytoplasm of the original cells remains over unused, as `epiplasm', and ultimately degenerates. "
epitrichium .
(1887) A. C. Haddon Introd. Study Embryol. 100 "The epidermis of Amphioxus permanently remains as a single layer. In all other embryo Vertebrates, the epiblast, from being single, becomes double layered, owing to the primitive epiblast giving rise to a layer of flattened epithelial cells, the epitrichial layer. "
epizootic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1840) Humble Dict. Geol. &. Min., "Epizootic, containing animal remains, as epizootic hills, or epizootic strata."
eponychium .
(1885) tr. P. G. Unna in H. Ziemssen Handbk. Dis. Skin i. 23 "A trace of the horny layer of the first foetal months remains only on the ungual phalanx till a later period, and to this..I have given the name `eponychium'. "
equilibrium .
(1879) tr. De Quatrefages' Hum. Species 4 "In the crystal once formed, the forces remain in a state of stable equilibrium."
equiponderance .
(1833) J. Holland Manuf. Metals II. 287 "The equiponderance of the scales may remain unaffected."
equity .
(1928) New Statesman 28 July, Finance Suppl. p. vi, "Out of the combined issued capital of &pstlg.16,629,000 the public put up 93 per cent. of the cash required, but received only 21.8 per cent. of the equity-that is the balance of profits remaining after the fixed dividends have been paid on the Preferred capital. "
equivalent , [a.] and [sb.]
(1707) Luttrell Brief Rel. (1857) VI. 189 "The remainder of the equivalent money for Scotland is to be sent thither next Tuesday in specie and bank bills. "
(1715) Lond. Gaz. No. 5307/2 "Commissioners for disposing so much of the Equivalent Mony payable to Scotland as remains yet unapplied. "
-er [suffix 6] .
(1892) Isis 8 June 26/1 "At the close of the Lancashire match we heard one man ejaculate..`This is breath-ers'... This..is all that remains of the..expression `breathless excitement'. "
eradicate , [v.]
(1610) W. Folkingham Art of Survey ii. viii. 61 "Eradicate the ductat of the said mediatie and remainders."
erasement .
(1753) Ward Rom. Inscr. in Phil. Trans. XLVIII. 345 "There are..no traces of the word sua now remaining;..which makes me suspect, there has been an erasement. "
ergo , [adv.]
(1562) Cooper Answ. Priv. Masse (1850) 108 "Ergo it ought to remain indifferent. "
erratic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1808) Pike Sources Mississ. ii. 175 "Those savages although erratic must remain long enough in one position to cultivate this grain. "
erratical , [a.] and [sb.]
(1861) Wilson &. Geikie Mem. E. Forbes xii. 427 "The remainder of this year was spent somewhat erratically. "
eruption .
(A. 1847) Mrs. Sherwood Lady of Manor III. xviii. 32 "There is nothing which retards the progress of the Gospel so much as the remaining eruptions of sin among the rulers of the Church. "
escalation .
(1967) Spectator 21 July 87/1 "The case for liberalising the law re marihuana seems almost proven... The doubts remaining are..that it may produce escalation to hard drugs."
eschew , [v. 1]
(1842) James Morley Ernstein xv, "With that careful *eschewance of all listening ears..that gentleman remained bowing in silence till the waiter was out of the room. "
Eskimoid , [a.]
(1939) Peking Nat. Hist. Bull. XIII. 172 "An Eskimoid skull very similar to that of the Upper Cave [in China] is, for instance, represented among the remains of the pre-Columbian Indians from South Western Texas. "
espousal , [sb.] ( [a.] )
(1637) Heywood Dial. 311 "My espousals remaine in my Fathers power, and not mine. "
essay , [v.]
(A. 1704) Locke (J.), "The standard in our mint being now settled, the rules and methods of essaying suited to it should remain unvariable. "
establish , [v.]
(1861) Tulloch Eng. Purit. ii. 177 "In the remaining years of Milton's academic career, he established a high reputation for scholarship. "
establishment .
(1792) Coke &. Moore Life Wesley ii. iv. (ed. 2) 355 "Mr. Wesley's great desire to remain in union with the Church of England..would not allow him to apply for a legal establishment."
(1605) Verstegan Dec. Intell. iii. (1628) 63 "Aduanced to the honourable titles of Earles and Lords, with Establishment for the continuall remaining of these titles. "
estimate , [sb.]
(1630) Pagitt Christianogr. i. ii. (1636) 38 " There was an old estimate made of Germany..that..there was not past one twelfth part of it remaining Catholicke. "
estuarine , [a.]
(1858) Geikie Hist. Boulder x. 193 "The remains of..estuarine..organisms. "
etaoin shrdlu .
(1983) Daily Tel. 13 Sept. 12/4 "`Lot of pleasure but also a lot of pleasure but also a lot of anxiety and heart-searching.' etaoinshrdlu cmfwyp shrdlu cd showed that cinema and per- Mrs Nissel said that the study forming arts ticket prices had more or less remained in line with the Retail Price Index up to 1975/76."
eternize , [v.]
(1568) North tr. Gueuara's Diall Princes iv. II. 104 "The memory of you shall remain eternized to your Successors for euer. "
(1746) Smollett Reproof 113 "Did not his virtues eterniz'd remain. "
ethical , [a.]
(1607) Topsell Serpents (1653) 639 "It remaineth to discourse of the Politick, Ethical, and Oeconomick vertues and properties of them [bees]. "
(1770) New Disp. 538/2 "The sulphur..and the mercury..remain at the bottom..united into an ethiops. "
Etruscology .
(1889) Arch&ae.ol. Rev. 377 "Two other Etruscologists remain to be noticed. "
euchromocentre .
(1934) L. W. Sharp Introd. Cytol. (ed. 3) iii. 57 "In many nuclei there are at certain stages one or more conspicuous masses of karyotin at several points in the reticulum. Of the many terms applied to these the most suitable seems to be chromocenters... In some cases it has been shown that they represent definite chromosomal regions which remain condensed and highly chromatic... These euchromocenters appear to correspond in part to the `prochromosomes'. "
euharmonic , [a.]
(1811) Liston Perfect Intonation 27 "The Euharmonic Organ is contrived..to enable the musician..to produce harmony absolutely perfect, while the keyboard remains the same as before. "
eunuch , [sb.]
(1963) Times 18 Jan. 9/5 "It seems that in Rhodesia one cannot remain neutral, that after all one is provoked to react, or become a political eunuch."
Europocentric , [a.]
(1979) I. Berlin Against Current 354 "This wellnigh universal Europocentrism may at least in part account for the fact that the vast explosion..of anti-imperialism..remained so largely unpredicted."
evacuation .
(1794) G. Adams Nat. &. Exp. Philos. I. iv. App. 136 "The evacuations [sc. of air] and the remainders do both of them decrease in the same geometrical progression."
evanescent , [a.]
(1816) R. Jameson Char. Min. (1817) 301 "Evanescent, when the colour remains as long as the mineral is in a state of fusion, but disappears on cooling. "
even , [sb.]
(1549) Cranmer in Strype Life App. xl, "Vigils, otherwise called Watchings, remain in the Calendars upon certain Saints' Evens. "
even , [a.]
(1650) R. Gentilis Consid. Alcibiades 33 "He contents not himselfe to come out of trouble at even hand, by onely remaining comforted. "
even , [adv.]
(1865) Lubbock Preh. Times 323 "Even if the embankment had remained intact to this day. "
evensong .
(1586) T. B. La Primaud. Fr. Acad. i. (1589) 718 "All the Frenchmen that were in the Ile of Sicilia..upon Easter day, at the first peale to Evensong..were al put to death..whereupon this proverbe doth yet remaine amongst us, The Sicilian Evensong. "
(1716) M. Davies Athen. Brit. 238 "There remains scarce anything now of all their Factions and Frothy Eventilations or Productions of any kind."
ever , [adv.]
(1659) (title) "Golden Remains of the Ever Memorable John Hales. "
everdamp .
(1968) Gloss. Terms Offset Lithogr. Printing (B.S.I.) 24 "Everdamp, a type of transfer paper which remains limp by having a hygroscopic content in its coating."
ever-during [a.]
(1854) J. S. C. Abbott Napoleon (1855) I. xxiv. 391 "That civil code..will remain an ever-during monument of his labors."
ewe , [sb. 1]
(1769) Bp. Wilton Inclos. Act 7 "A certain sheep-walk called *ewegang..the said ewegang shall remain. "
exact , [a.]
(1818) Jas. Mill Brit. India II. v. iii. 414 "The troops were kept in such exact discipline, that the people..remained in their houses. "
exaction .
(1786) Burke W. Hastings Wks. 1842 II. 123 "The small balance of fifteen thousand pounds remaining of the unjust exaction aforesaid. "
examination .
(1841) Macaulay W. Hastings Ess. 1854 II. 651/2 "There remained examinations and cross-examinations. "
exasperated , [ppl. a.]
(1660) Milton Free Commw. 424 "We remain finally secure from the exasperated Regal Power. "
excalate , [v.]
(1900) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. CXCII. 342 "There remains the assumption that vertebr&ae. have been excalated in front of the pelvis. "
excavation .
(1863) Lyell Antiq. Man 35 "All the remains of organic bodies found during the excavations belonged to living species. "
excommunicate , [pa. pple.] , [ppl. a.] and [sb.]
(1762) Hume Hist. Eng. xiv. 129 "They..engaged the bishops..to pronounce him [Gavaston] excommunicate if he remained any longer in the kingdom. "
excrement (1) .
(1576) Baker Jewell of Health 161 b, "When as in it shall no other be contayned or remaine then the excrementes of the sage. "
excurrent , [a.]
(1835) Lindley Introd. Bot. (1848) II. 362 "Excurrent; in which the axis remains always in the centre, all the other parts being regularly disposed round it; as the stem of abies. "
excuse , [v.]
(1737) Pope Hor. Epist. ii. i. 215 "(Excuse some courtly stains) No whiter page than Addison's remains. "
executed , [ppl. a.]
(1848) Wharton Law Lex., "Executed Contract, is where nothing remains to be done by either party. "
execution .
(1640) W. Prynne Petit. in Rushw. Hist. Coll. iii. I. 76 "The small Remainder of his Ears, left after his first Execution. "
exemplar , [sb.]
(1864) Hazlitt E.P. Poetry IV. 1 "Many pamphlets..remain to us only in a single exemplar. "
exemplary [sb.]
(1583) Stubbes Anat. Abus. B vj, "The pride of apparel remaining in sight, as an exemplary of evill."
exequy .
(1700) Dryden Fables, Sigismonda &. G. 661 "There yet remained thy funeral exequies. "
exercise , [v.]
(1862) H. Spencer First Princ. ii. iv. §.54 (1875) 178 "The force which a given quantity of matter exercises, remains always the same. "
exhalative [a.]
(1594) Plat New Sorts of Soil 25 "When they [corne and other seedes] are ripe..the exhalative water flyeth away, and the generative remaineth."
exhaust , [sb.]
(1904) Goodchild &. Tweney Technol. &. Sci. Dict. 212/1 "In gas and oil engines the exhaust gases consist of the products of combustion, together with any unburnt gases remaining after the explosion. "
exhumator .
(1831) Fraser's Mag. III. 271 "The exhumators of the remains of Adam Smith. "
exhume , [v.]
(1872) Nicholson Pal&ae.ont. 31 "When we exhume an old land-surface the remains of Mammals may be found in tolerable plenty."
exit , [sb.]
(1862) Merivale Rom. Emp. (1865) VI. l. 175 "Life, she urged, is over; nought remains to look for but a decent exit from it. "
(1987) Oxf. Diocesan Mag. Aug. 10/1 "The polls remained..stable (except for that curiously errant `exit poll' put out by the bbc which accepted the possibility of a hung parliament). "
expectancy .
(1838) Dickens Nich. Nick. xxii, "The whole capital which Nicholas found himself entitled to either in possession, reversion, remainder, or expectancy. "
(1767) Blackstone Comm. II. 163 "Of expectancies there are two sorts; one..called a remainder; the other..called a reversion. "
expectant , [ppl. a.] and [sb.]
(1875) Sir G. Jessel Law Rep. 10 Chanc. Appeals 391 "That peculiar position of reversioner or remaindersman which is oddly enough described as an expectant heir. This phrase is used, not in its literal meaning, but as including..every one who has the hope of succession to the property of an ancestor."
(1765) Blackstone Comm. I. 217 "On her..the remainder of the crown, expectant on the death of king William..without issue, was settled by statute. "
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) V. 25 "The right of the remainder-man, expectant on the determination of the estate tail. "
experience , [v.]
(1645) Saltmarsh Open. Prynne's New Bk. 3 "We experience in part some remainders of Prelacy. "
expiscate , [v.]
(C. 1611) Chapman Iliad x. 181 "O friends, remains not one That will..mix..With their outguards, expiscating if the renown'd extreme They force on us will serve their turns? "
explicate , [v.]
(1814) W. Van Mildert Bampton Lect. iii. (ed. 2) 82 "Vain attempts to explicate points which..must ever remain enveloped in..mystery. "
explicit , [a.]
(1886) J. Edwards Diff. Calc. i. 4 "If the equation connecting the variables be solved for the dependent variable, that variable is reduced from being an implicit to being an explicit function of the remaining variable or variables. "
exponentially , [adv.]
(1938) R. W. Lawson tr. Hevesy &. Paneth's Man. Radioactivity (ed. 2) xi. 127 "The &beta.-radiation of the iron salt does not remain constant, but decreases exponentially. "
exposure .
(1839) Visitor 479/1 "Living objects, if they remain motionless during the short periods of exposure, are given with perfect fidelity. "
express , [v. 1]
(1772-84) Cook Voy. (1790) IV. 1204 "The respective crews of both ships, remained as expressed in the two underwritten lists."
expulsion .
(1905) Act 5 Edw. VII c. 13 §.3 "The Secretary of State may..make an order (in this Act referred to as an expulsion order) requiring an alien to leave the United Kingdom within a time fixed by the order, and thereafter to remain out of the United Kingdom."
expurge , [v.]
(1832) H. Melvill in Preacher III. 100/2 "If a few portions of the Bible were expurged, it would be hard..to prove the doctrine from the remainder."
exsanguine , [a.]
(1836) Todd Cycl. Anat. I. 422/2 "Those who have suffered large losses of blood remain exsanguine for many months. "
exscind , [v.]
(1785) D. Low Chiropodologia 133 "He exscinded the remainder with a pair of scissors. "
extant , [a.] and [sb.]
(1561) T. Norton Calvin's Inst. i. 18 b, "Among so manifold miserable afflictions of the Jewes..they [the tables of God's covenant] remained still safe and extant. "
extended , [ppl. a.]
(1913) Jrnl. Chartered Insurance Inst. XVI. 146 "He can discontinue premiums as before, and remain assured for the full amount for a limited period. This, you will perceive, is a Paid-up Term policy, and is known as Extended Assurance. "
extent , [sb.]
(1872) E. W. Robertson Hist. Ess. 140 "The valuation of Bagimont..became the standard..of ecclesiastical assessment..lay lands remaining at the earlier standard known..as the Old Extent."
extenue [v.]
(1574) Newton Health Mag. 8 "The matter..which remained in the fleshe might be extenued."
exterritoriality .
(1836) Wheaton Internat. Law I. 273 "The fiction of exterritoriality has been invented, by which the minister though actually in a foreign country, is supposed still to remain within the territories of his own sovereign. "
extinction .
(1921) A. Holmes Petrogr. Meth. 126 "When a transparent mineral fragment is rotated between crossed nicols various phenomena may be observed... If the object remains dark, and is therefore isotropic, the total extinction indicates an amorphous or cubic (isometric) mineral in an unstrained condition, or a basal section of a uniaxial mineral (tetragonal, hexagonal, or trigonal). "
extolled , [ppl. a.]
(1644) Milton Educ., "Those extolled remains of Grecian lawgivers."
extradition , [sb.]
(1839) De Quincey Casuistry Wks. VIII. 308 "If the law of extradition should remain unchanged. "
extramural , [a.]
(1892) Sat. Rev. 14 May 571/1 "There remained only the principle of..`Extramuralism' to be reckoned with."
(1836) Wheaton Internat. Law iii. i. §.15 "The fiction of extra-territoriality..by which the minister, though actually in a foreign country, is supposed still to remain within the territory of his own sovereign. "
extreme , [a.] , [adv.] , and [sb.]
(1667) Dryden Ind. Emperor iv. ii, "What now remains in these Extreams?"
(1720) S. Parker Bibl. Biblica (Gen. xix. 25) I. 424 "The frightful Effects which this Exustion [of Sodom and Gomorrah] left are still remaining."
eye , [sb. 1]
(1966) Guardian 10 Nov. 3/7 "The proposal remains but a twinkle in the Home Secretary's eye. "
(1858) Carpenter Veg. Phys. §.586 "By the remains of the calyx..the eye of the gooseberry is formed. "
(1951) S. Bull Meat for Table vii. 77 "The eye is more tender than the remainder of the bottom round and may be fried. "
F ,
(1953) Jrnl. Gen. Microbiol. VIII. 92 "The majority..of F agents must remain bound to the cells. "
face , [sb.]
(1664) Etheredge Com. Revenge iv. vii, "Set thy face then; let me not see the remains of one poor smile. "
(A. 1832) Bentham Ess. Lang. Wks. 1843 VIII. 327 "Of the history of language, no inconsiderable part remains to this day written upon the face of it."
face , [v.]
(1859) F. A. Griffiths Artil. Man. 31 "The remaining companies first being faced to the right about."
facies .
(1905) F. E. Clements Res. Methods Ecol. iv. 238 "It is seldom..that the facies and invaders are so equally matched in height and other qualities that they remain in equilibrium. "
fact , [sb.]
(1834) Edin. Rev. Oct. 73 "The only difference between Crabbe and himself is the fact, that the one was raised from the ranks, while the other is still remaining in them with at least equal independence. "
(1868) Trollope He knew he was Right (1869) II. li. 15 "You can remain a few minutes longer. The fact is, I've got something I want to say to you. "
factor , [sb.]
(1966) J. V. Robison Mod. Algebra &. Trig. xi. 242 (heading) "Remainder and factor theorems."
factory .
(1582) N. Lichefield tr. Castanheda's Conq. E. Ind. xxi. 54 b, "To the intent hee might remaine in the Factorye with the Factour. "
faecula fecula .
(1791) Hamilton Berthollet's Dyeing II. ii. ii. ii. 76 "The fecula remaining on the filter he compared to..Carolina indigo. "
fag , [sb. 4]
(1908) Church Times 7 Feb. 173/1 "He gathered into a leather pouch the remains of his cigarettes, and left the room. `What does he do with all those fags?' asked Conway. "
fain , [v. 2]
(1960) Guardian 1 July 9/7 "The Englishman..could remain absolutely pax and fainites. "
faint , [a.]
(1729) Savage Wanderer iii. 12 "The Stars..faintglimm'ring with remains of day. "
faints , [sb. pl.]
(1883) J. Gardner Brewer, Distiller etc. v. 146 "The remaining weak spirit that distils over, called faints, is caught separately."
fair and square [a.] and [adv.]
(1862) Congress. Globe 27 Mar. 1402/2, "I..doubt..the ability of these guns to remain in their position if..struck fairly and squarely by shot from the enemy."
faithful , [a.] , [adv.] , and [sb.]
(1841) Lane Arab. Nts. I. 100 "Are ye remaining faithful to your covenant?"
faithless , [a.]
(1548) Udall, etc. Erasm. Par. Rom. Prol. sig. &dag.&dag.i, "Else shalt thou remaine euermore faithlesse. "
falsehood .
(1611) Bible Job xxi. 34 "In your answeres there remaineth falshood. "
family , [sb.]
(1853) Mrs. Gaskell Cranford iii. 51 "The state of the remainder wine was examined into in a *family council. "
famine [v.]
(1622) H. Sydenham Serm. Sol. Occ. (1637) 178 "Rather..than sacrifice the remainder of a famin'd body to an honourable death."
fancy , [sb.] and [a.]
(1811) Coleridge Lect. (1856) 45 "When the whole pleasure received is derived from an unexpected turn of expression, then I call it wit; but when the pleasure is produced..by an image which remains with us..I call it fancy. "
fane , [sb. 2]
(1637) Heywood Dial. iv. 62 "The phane Where the two brothers deify'd remain. "
fang , [sb.]
(1727) Bradley Fam. Dict. s.v. Anemone, "[Sifting earth upon the bed] till..there remain only above ground the Fangs of these young Anemones."
fantasy phantasy , [sb.]
(1937) M. Innes Hamlet, Revenge! i. 12 "They have their tenure in remaining-remote, jewelled and magical-a focus for the fantasy-life of thousands. "
fanzine .
(1957) P. Moore Science &. Fiction 90 "So much for the official science-fiction magazines... There remain the amateur publications, known as `fanzines'."
farinose , [a.] and [sb.]
(1882) Vines Sach's Bot. 57 "At every point of a starch grain both constituents occur together; if the granulose is extracted, the farinose remains behind as a skeleton."
(1835) Rep. Muncipal Corporations Comm. II. App. 1248 "The remaining..acres are divided into quarter acres, called `farthingdoles'."
fascinate , [v.]
(1848) Macaulay Hist. Eng. II. 582 "James..remained at Whitehall, fascinated..by the greatness and nearness of the danger, and unequal to the exertion of either struggling or flying. "
fashion , [sb.]
(1594) T. B. La Primaud. Fr. Acad. ii. 394 "The seede..receiueth not fashion presently vpon the conception, but remaineth for a time without any figure. "
(1721) Strype Eccl. Mem. II. ii. v. 287 "The king had sent him [Barnaby Fitz-Patric] thither to remain in his [the French king's] court to learn fashions."
fasola .
(1964) Conc. Oxf. Dict. Mus. 320/1 "Lancashire Sol-fa. A modern name for a system of sight-singing more properly called `Old English Sol-fa', since it was universally used in England from at least the early 17th c. and its latest textbook appeared in 1879. It is a method of solmization applied to the normal staff notation; the first 3 notes of every major scale are called fa-sol-la, and so are the second 3 notes, the remaining note being called mi... In the Amer. Colonies (and later the U.S.A.) it was called Fasola or, sometimes (from the special notation there used), Patent Notes."
fast , [a.]
(1607) Shaks. Cor. ii. iii. 192 "If he should still malignantly remaine Fast Foe to th' Plebij. "
(1772-84) Cook Voy. (1790) VI. 2236 "Captain King..remained fast till the return of the boat. "
fast , [adv.]
(1842) Manning Serm. xxv. (1848) 382 "There still remains with us a fast-cleaving and mysterious evil. "
fasting , [vbl. sb. 2]
(1873) W. K. Sullivan O'Curry's Anct. Irish I. Introd. 283 "A Trosca or fasting was made by the plaintiff going to the defendant's house, and remaining there for a certain time..before making his distress."
fat , [sb. 1]
(C. 1647) A. Wheelocke in Lett. Abp. Ussher (1686) 546 "The Lambeth Books..as yet..remain in Fats, or great Chests. "
fate , [sb.]
(1841) Elphinstone Hist. Ind. II. 581 "It only remained to the brothers to decide on the fate of its tenant. "
fatigue , [sb.]
(1912) Min. Proc. Inst. Civil Engin. CLXXXVIII. i. 10 "There only remained the investigation of the effects of the high speed on the *fatigue strength of the specimens. "
favour favor , [sb.]
(1852) Sir H. Douglas Milit. Bridges (ed. 3) 377 "There remains a balance of strength in favour of the bridge."
fear , [v.]
(1611) Tourneur Ath. Trag. v. i, "If any roote of life remaines within 'em..feare 'em not. "
(1958) Times 5 Nov. 13/1 "He [sc. Andr&eacu. Masson] remains..one who can just rely enough on Parisian elegance and flair to be shamelessly pretty and featherweight for much of the time."
Fechnerian , [a.]
(1890) W. James Princ. Psychol. I. xiii. 549 "The Fechnerian Maasformel and the conception of it as an ultimate `psychophysic law' will remain an `idol of the den', if ever there was one. "
fee , [sb. 2]
(1863) H. Cox Instit. ii. xi. 583 "[Of the Counties Palatine] there remain now only those of Lancaster and Durham..the latter formerly an ecclesiastical fee belonging to the Bishop of Durham."
feed , [v.]
(1874) Motley Barneveld I. vii. 323 "He remained in Paris,-feeding fat the grudge he bore to Barneveld."
(1850) Jrnl. R. Agric. Soc. XI. ii. 430 "The crop being well grown, it only remains to feed it well off."
fellow , [sb.]
(1874) Carpenter Ment. Phys. i. ii. §.68 "While one leg was convulsed, its fellow remained quiet."
female , [a.] and [sb.]
(1771) Goldsm. Hist. Eng. II. 227 "The king remained in his tent, awaiting the issue of the combat with female doubts and apprehensions."
fence [sb.]
(1848) Punch XIV. 149 "Let M. Galignani rejoice; and let his Bibliothè.que..still remain the greatest literary `fence' in Europe. "
fenestella .
(1879) Rossiter Dict. Sci. Terms, "Fenestella, a polyzoon; known by many fossil remains in Devonian limestones and other rocks."
fenestra .
(1941) Surg. Gynec. &. Obstet. LXXII. 472 "This surgically made fenestra remains open. "
(1878) Mackintosh Hist. Civilization Scot. I. xi. 496 "The feretrum, the shrine in which the..remains of the Saint were supposed to be kept."
ferry , [v.]
(1836) T. Hook G. Gurney III. 333, "I intended to remain until the weather cleared before I ferried back. "
fertility .
(1933) E. K. Chambers Eng. Folk-Play 223 "He [sc. Dionysus] remains primarily a fertility-god, with the bull, and perhaps the goat, and the phallus as his attributes. "
feu de joie .
(1963) Times Lit. Suppl. 18 Jan. 44/2 "But the book remains a feu de joie."
field , [sb.]
(1774) Goldsm. Nat. Hist. (1776) III. 102 "The victor is obliged to fight several of those battles before it remains undisputed master of the field. "
(1863) Kinglake Crimea (1876) I. xi. 182 "The English Ambassador remained upon the field of the conflict."
(1933) Brit. Birds XXVI. 363 "The elementary co-operative services..a national field centre which can collaborate with other national field centres overseas,-still remain to be provided. "
(1936) Jrnl. R. Aeronaut. Soc. XL. 191 "The radiated field pattern should therefore remain constant from day to day. There was no evidence whatsoever that atmospheric conditions had any effect on the *field patterns. "
fife , [v.]
(1851) Ruskin Stones Ven. I. xxi. §.xx, "The fluting and fifeing expire, the drumming remains."
figurable , [a.]
(1644) Digby Nat. Bodies xvi. (1645) 177 "Wax remaineth figurable, whether it be melted or congealed. "
file , [sb. 2]
(1649) Lanc. Tracts (Chetham Soc.) 233 "Their examinations remaining still upon fyle in Manchester. "
filibuster , [sb.]
(A. 1587) Garrard Arte Warre (1591) 236 "Such..as bring wares to the campe, he [the High Marshall of the Field] must take order that they be courteously..vsed..procuring them a conuoy..to the intent they may..remaine..satisfied, without suspect of being robbed..of theeues and flibutors. "
filing , [vbl. sb. 3]
(1964) English Studies XLV (Suppl.). 26, "I have selected a number of details that might..have remained in my filing cabinet. "
fill , [v.]
(1963) C. R. Cowell et al. Inlays, Crowns &. Bridges iii. 17 "Any caries remaining is excavated and these localized excavations are filled with cement."
fillet , [sb. 1]
(1966) D. Stinton Anat. Aeroplane xi. 206 "The remaining shape of an aeroplane is largely non-structural, in that it consists of fairings, cowlings and fillets."
filling , [vbl. sb.]
(1901) Chambers's Jrnl. May 302/2 "Each leaf will give on an average two `wrappers' or outside covers for cigars and when used for such the remainder of the leaf is used for `filling'. "
(C. 1860) H. Stuart Seaman's Catech. 67 "What is termed the `filling'?..the intervals between the frame timbers are filled up solid..so that if the outside planks be injured a watertight surface would remain."
filter , [sb.]
(1769) Lane in Phil. Trans. LIX. 220 "The clear liquor being decanted, the remainder was passed through a filter. "
filter , [v.]
(1838) T. Thomson Chem. Org. Bodies 200 "We then filter, washing the blue-coloured sulphate of lime remaining on the filter till it becomes red. "
(1794) Schmeisser in Phil. Trans. LXXXIV. 421 "The remaining filtered liquor was saturated with purified pot-ash. "
finagle , [v.]
(1936) Writer's Digest Oct. 4 "Discounting any possible editorial finageling..the solid fact remains that opposing politically minded people do cancel subscriptions. "
fine-tooth [a.]
(1966) A. Firth Tall, Balding, Thirty-five xvii. 216 "We've gone through the remains of the helicopter with a fine-tooth comb, but there wasn't much left."
finger , [sb.]
(1859) North Amer. Rev. LXXXVIII. 492 "The chapel of St. Verena, where the *finger-prints of the young maiden still remain in the rock. "
finite , [a.] and [sb.]
(1840) Lardner Geom. 276 "The distance V F, remains finite. "
(1957) L. Fox Two-point Boundary Probl. ii. 21 "The rigorous theory of finite differences attaches a remainder term to every finite-difference formula and sometimes..the formula diverges and gives no useful result. "
fipple , [sb.]
(1892) Northumb. Gloss., "After stooks of corn remain standing for a time, the bottoms of the sheaves become naturally longer on the outside than the inside, which is called their `fipple'."
fire , [sb.]
(1894) Stead If Christ came to Chicago 295 "*Fire-Marshal Swenie has remained in command of the firemen for many years. "
(1835) Southern Lit. Messenger I. 259 " The remaining expenses are on account of the public markets, fire companies, salaries of officers, [etc.]. "
fire , [v. 1]
(1894) W. J. Lineham Textbk. Mech. Engin. x. 699 "The first practical gas engine..was double-acting, charging with air and gas during a half stroke, firing during the remaining half. "
firming chisel
(1799) Trans. Soc. Encourag. Arts XVII. 337 "Work off the remaining wood with a large firming chissel."
firmness .
(1874) Green Short Hist. iv. §.1. 162 "Terrible..as were the sufferings of the English army, Edward's firmness remained unbroken."
first , [a.] ( [sb.] ) and [adv.]
(1971) Radio Times 27 May 5/1 "Despite a recent ITV series his first love remains radio. "
first rate first-rate [phr.] , [a.] ( [adv.] ), and [sb.]
(1888) Duff Pol. Surv. 5 "As long as France remained a first-rate power."
fisc fisk .
(1641) Sc. Acts Chas. I (1870) V. 415 §. 107 "Provyding allwayes that..the bandis or contractes heirby ordeened to perteene to &th.e neerest of kine..shall not fall wnder &th.e compas of escheat nor &ygh.it any pairt therof perteene to &th.e relict jure relict&ae. Bot shall remaine in &th.e owne nature quoad fiscum et relictam as they wer befor &th.e making of this acte. "
fission , [sb.]
(1947) J. Hayward Prose Lit. since 1939 17 "It remains to be seen whether man's discovery and immediate abuse of the cataclysmic energy released by atomic fission will fortify or weaken his transcendental aspirations and noumenal gropings. "
fissure , [v.]
(1656) Ridgley Pract. Physic 173 "When the inward place is Fissured, the outward remaining unhurt. "
fitch , [sb. 3]
(1953) A. G. Knock Willow Basket-Work 21 "When a round of fitching is completed, the remainder of the two rods may be worked out as a pair. "
fix [a.] (and [adv.] ).
(1660) tr. Paracelsus' Archidoxes i. x. 142 "Take then the fix Element that remained after the separation of the Three Imperfect Elements. "
fixate , [v.]
(1945) G. Orwell Crit. Ess. (1951) 185 "It is clear that for many years he remained `fixated' on his old school. "
(1962) C. E. Buxton in Hilgard Introd. Psychol. (ed. 3) xvii. 480/1 "An individual may in some sense have remained immature by being fixated or caught at one stage of development."
fixed , [ppl. a.]
(1712-4) Pope Rape Lock v. 5 "Not half so fix'd the Trojan could remain, While Anna begg'd. "
(1727-51) Chambers Cycl. s.v., "Of all metals, gold and silver alone are fixed; i.e. on remaining a long time exposed to the most intense flame, they alone lose nothing of their weight. "
(1757) A. Cooper Distiller i. i. (1760) 6 "Only a fixed husky matter remains. "
fixture .
(1878) Spurgeon Treas. Dav. Ps. civ. 5 "The earth..remains as stable as if it were a fixture."
flag , [sb. 4]
(1951) Assiac Adv. in Chess iii. ii. 93 "Reshevsky..would remain quite unperturbable by the nerve-racking need to make half a dozen moves or more with the `flag' on his clock about to drop in a matter of seconds. "
flag , [v. 3]
(1709) Steele Tatler No. 179 &page.8 "What Ground remains..is flagged with large Quarries of white Marble. "
flagellate , [a.] and [sb.]
(1963) H. Sandon Ess. Protozool. ii. 25 "If we could trace the ancestry of all multi&dubh.cellular plants and animals back beyond the time of the earliest creatures capable of leaving fossil remains, most people agree that we should come to organisms which, if they lived today, would be included among the flagellates."
flake , [sb. 2]
(1658) Rowland Moufet's Theat. Ins. 908 "That Honey is best for substance, which..if you lift it up..falls to the earth still homogeneous, unsevered, no way parted asunder, but remaines in one continued flake or line."
flame , [sb.]
(1840) Thackeray Paris Sk.-bk. (1872) 237 "Her heart remains faithful to her old flame, the doctor."
flare , [sb. 1]
(1918) E. S. Farrow Dict. Mil. Terms 235 "Flare, an unsteady, dazzling light used as an illumination and in signaling: in aë.ronautics, a guide for landing. Flare lights, lights used in combination with obstacles, either protected or screened, to prevent the enemy removing them. They are screened in rear so that the defenders may remain in shadow. Flare pistol, a large pistol, which looks like a sawed-off shot&dubh.gun, from which flares are fired. "
flat , [a.] , [adv.] , and [sb. 3]
(1881) Young Every man his own Mechanic §.568 "The flat chisel..is used for smoothing the work, or taking off the remaining wood that was left by the gouge. "
(1940) Chambers's Techn. Dict. 339/1 "Flat-compounded, said of a compound-wound generator the series winding of which has been so designed that the voltage remains constant at all loads between no-load and full-load. "
flatland .
(1884) Abbott Flatland i. §.1 (ed. 2) 3, "I call our world Flatland..Imagine a vast sheet of paper on which straight Lines, Triangles, Squares, Pentagons, Hexagons, and other figures, instead of remaining fixed in their places, move freely about, on or in the surface, but without the power of rising above it or sinking below it. "
flatness .
(1601) Holland Pliny ii. lxv. 31 "Wonderfull it remaineth..How it should become a Globe, considering so great flatnesse of Plaines and Seas. "
flatuling [vbl. sb.]
(1634) T. Johnson Parey's Chirurg. xv. xii. 572 "This half crude humor remaining there, raiseth much flatuling."
flaw , [sb. 1]
(1607) Topsell Four-f. Beasts 415 "It will ranckle worse, by reason of the flaw of yron remaining in the flesh. "
fleet , [sb. 2]
(1703) S. Dale in Phil. Trans. XXV. 1575/2 "Certain remains of the old Channel, which the neighbouring Inhabitants still call Fleets. "
fleeter (2) .
(1893) Scot. Leader 15 Aug. 7 "These vessels..differ from the ordinary trawlers in respect that while the latter return to port at least once a week, the fleeters remain at sea as long as their coals hold out."
fleshing , [vbl. sb.]
(1881) Leicestersh. Gloss., "Flesh-beam or *Fleshing-beam, a wooden instrument..on which is suspended the hide to be dressed, for the purpose of scraping off any remains of the flesh, &.c. "
flight , [sb. 1]
(1962) F. I. Ordway et al. Basic Astronautics xiii. 547 "During the 32-hr flight Dr. Simons wore a full-pressure suit and remained seated in the tiny gondola. "
(1937) Discovery Oct. 277/2 "Since the reaction thrust, acting from the extreme rear of the plane, is in no way different from the pull of the aero engine in its nose, and remains in fixed relation to the aeroplane axis, stability and *flight-control are not interfered with. "
flight , [sb. 2]
(1867) Thomson &. Tait Nat. Phil. I. i. §.40 "The remainder of the curve satisfies a modified form of statement of the original question, and is called the Curve of Flight."
(1840) F. D. Bennet Whaling Voy. I. 258 "The remainder..took to flight when their companions were harpooned. "
flightless , [a.]
(1875) tr. Schmidt's Desc. &. Darw. 186 "The scanty but wide-spread remains of the order of flightless birds. "
flighty , [a.]
(1820) W. Irving Sketch-bk. (1859) 34 "This was one point on which he always remained flighty. "
flimsy , [a.] and [sb.]
(1874) L. Stephen Hours in Library (1892) I. iii. 109 "The jewels have remained after the flimsy embroidery..has fallen into decay."
flinch , [v. 1]
(1791) Boswell Johnson 7 May an. 1773 note, "He never flinched; but after reiterated blows, remained seemingly unmoved. "
flint , [sb.]
(1876) D. Wilson Preh. Man iii. (ed. 3) 79 "The whole region..is rich in remains of the old *flint-workers. "
float , [sb.]
(1885) Pall Mall G. 6 Nov. 2 "Something like one-twelfth of the remaining voters are `floats'-that is, men who are looking for money."
floatation flotation .
(1940) Chambers's Techn. Dict. 343/1 "Flotation gear, a system of air or gas bags, sometimes with hydrovanes, to enable a land plane, in an emergency, to land and remain afloat, on water. "
floor , [sb. 1]
(1878) Huxley Physiogr. 235 "Vegetable remains are also met with in rocks beneath the coal, forming what is called the floor. "
(1927) Blackw. Mag. Apr. 527 "Little of the *floorstone remains. "
flora .
(1909) Groom &. Balfour tr. Warming's Oecol. Plants ix. lxvii. 257 "In depressions lying within the subglacial tract where snow remains for a long time, one finds characteristic, greasy mud, which sustains a vegetation of its own-Ö.ttli's snow-patch flora. "
florescent , [a.]
(1821) Blackw. Mag. IX. 201 "[They] will..remain admired and florescent, when the essays of thy most witty emissary are superseded and forgotten."
floscule .
(1669) W. Simpson Hydrol. Chym. 53 "What remained was a bright styriate floscule."
flourish , [sb.]
(1848) Thackeray Bk. Snobs iv, "The Court Circular remains in full flourish."
flow , [v.]
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) II. 306 "This rule flows..from the nature of a remainder. "
flower , [sb.]
(1548) Hall Chron., Hen. IV (an. 13) 32 "Taken prisoner and so remained in Englande..till the flower of his age was passed or sore blemyshed. "
fluent , [a.] and [sb.]
(1648) W. Mountague Devout Ess. vi. §.2. 57 "While the matter of worldly goods remaineth fluent and transitory. "
fluorine .
(1959) J. D. Clark Prehist. S. Afr. iv. 83 "Fluorine and uranium tests have shown that the skull fragments are of the same age as the faunal remains found with them. "
(1968) R. G. West Pleistocene Geol. &. Biol. ix. 160 "The fluorine method is useful for the relative dating of animal skeletal remains found in sand and gravel."
flux , [sb.]
(1727-46) Thomson Summer 35 "Thus to remain, Amid the flux of many thousand years. "
flux , [v.]
(1754) Shebbeare Matrimony (1766) I. 79 "The Alloy, which was fluxed out of him, left so little of the Original remaining, that [etc.]. "
fluxile , [a.]
(1605) Timme Quersit. ii. iii. 115 "The which water, albeit it alwayes remaineth fluxile and liquid. "
fly , [sb. 1]
(1819) Rees Cycl., "Fly..a disease incident to sheep, in consequence of their being stricken by a fly, which produces a sort of maggot, that eats into, and remains in the flesh. "
flyable , [a.]
(1945) Times 3 Aug. 5/6 "Forecasters who are amazingly expert at assessing how long the weather will remain flyable at night at any particular airfield in the country. "
flying , [vbl. sb.]
(1958) Times 18 July 6/5 "Britain's only remaining air line using flying-boats, Aquila Air&dubh.ways, are to cease operations on October 1. "
fly-over .
(1901) Daily News 5 Jan. 6/5 "The junction for the Aldershot branch..is being..rearranged on the `fly-over' system, that is, the down line..remains as it was, but a new one..is being brought over the top of the main line by means of a skew bridge... This `fly-over'..will abolish a fruitful source of delay. "
fold , [v. 1]
(1563-87) Foxe A. &. M. (1596) 936/2 "He remained so long manicled that his haire was folded togither."
foliage , [sb.]
(1858) Glenny Gard. Every-day Bk. 175/1 "Bulbs are too frequently attacked by vermin when allowed to remain in the ground after the foliage has died down. "
(1882) Vines Sachs' Bot. 634 "The cotyledons remain thin like shortly stalked foliage-leaves. "
folk .
(1959) Times 11 Dec. 16/2 "He [sc. Barrie] remains a folk-artist. "
(1904) C. G. Child Beowulf p. v, "Great indeed would have been our loss, if..the only remaining *folk-epic of the Germanic peoples, had perished in doing menial service to grocer or soap-seller. "
folkloric [a.]
(1952) G. Sarton Hist. Science I. iv. 106 "The intimate knowledge of Aegean culture that we owe primarily to a great variety of monuments is confirmed..by folkloric remains in the Aegean area. "
follow , [v.]
(1850) Prescott Peru II. 200 "The remainder of his forces when mustered were to follow him. "
(1902) Westm. Gaz. 18 Dec. 12/2 "In Norfolk it is customary to speak of attending a funeral as `following' the remains. "
fool , [sb. 1] and [a.]
(1824) R. Crabb Tales 142 "He became well in his health; but he remained quite a fool for the rest of his life!"
foot , [sb.]
(1895) Pollock &. Maitland Hist. Eng. Law I. 198 "This `final concord' or `fine', will be drawn up by the royal clerks and one copy of it, the so-called `Foot of the Fine', will remain with the Court."
(1882) O'Donovan Merv Oasis I. xvi. 275 "The footbank has crumbled away to such an extent that only a few inches in breadth remain. "
(1861) Beresf. Hope Eng. Cathedr. 19th. C. 148 "Only three of the ranges were really sittings, the remainder having served as steps and *footrests. "
footer , [sb. 1]
(1927) T. Woodhouse Artificial Silk 95 "In the manufacture of stockings..two machines are used... One of these machines, termed the `legger', knits the upper and longer part of the stocking, whereas the other machine, termed the `footer', knits the remainder of the stocking."
footstalk .
(1859) Darwin Orig. Spec. v. (1878) 110 "In some of the crabs the footstalk for the eye remains, though the eye is gone."
footstep .
(1756) J. Warton Ess. Pope (1806) I. 21 "Those who have examined the New Forest can discover no mark or footstep of any other place of habitation..than what at present remains. "
force , [sb. 1]
(1840) H. Rogers Introd. Burke's Wks. 82 "Nothing will justify force while any other means remain untried. "
(1847) L. Hunt Jar Honey (1848) 190 "In the south this ancient custom still remains in full force. "
force de frappe .
(1968) S. Serfaty France, de Gaulle &. Europe vi. 119 "While the left is staunchly against the force de frappe, judged `inefficient, ruinous and dangerous', it remains nonetheless true that the French atomic forces originated during leftist governments. "
ford , [v.]
(1642) Milton Apol. Smect. (1851) 318 "His last Section which is no deepe one, remains only to be foarded. "
(1653) H. Cogan tr. Pinto's Trav. xx. 73 "The remainder..retired in disorder towards the foredeck. "
forehead .
(1793) Holcroft tr. Lavater's Physiog. vii. 44 "The forehead bones remain unaltered. "
foretake [v.]
(1580) Sidney Arcadia (1622) 407 "Yet remained there such footsteps of the foretaken opinion. "
forfeit , [v.]
(1755) Mem. Capt. P. Drake i. 2 "The Family remained in peaceable possession of this Estate..until the War..when..they forfeited, and were driven to shift for themselves."
forgetfulness .
(1663) Charleton Chor. Gigant. 5 "Monuments themselves are subject to Forgetfulness even while they remain. "
fork , [v.]
(1918) E. Pound in Lett. J. Joyce (1966) II. 424, "I will fork up the remaining &pstlg.20 of the fifty promised. "
forked , [ppl. a.]
(1881) Duffield Don Quix. II. 555 "[She] flung her body..across the saddle, and remained forkedly, as if she had been a man."
forking , [vbl. sb.]
(1884) Bower &. Scott De Bary's Phaner. 314 "Where the branching appears and remains as a forking of the main axis."
form , [v. 1]
(1953) R. A. Harvey Battery Chargers iv. 92 "Once the [selenium] rectifier is formed it remains reasonably stable. "
formal , [a.] and [sb. 1]
(1712) Pope 1st. Ep. Miss Blount 42 "Still in constraint your suff'ring Sex remains, Or bound in formal, or in real chains."
formalistic , [a.]
(1941) Courant &. Robbins What is Math.? ii. 88 "In some way or other,..even under the most uncompromising formalistic, logical, or postulational aspect, constructive intuition always remains the vital element in mathematics. "
formation .
(1815) W. Phillips Outl. Min. &. Geol. (1818) 88 "The term formation is not always used to express a deposite consisting only of a single stratum..it is also commonly used to designate a series of..strata, which being intimately associated, and containing the same description of organic remains, are thence..considered to be of contemporaneous formation. "
formedon .
(1628) Coke On Litt. 326 b, "There be three kinde of Writs of Formedon, viz. The first in the Discender to be brought by the issue in taile, which claime by discent Per formam doni. The second is in the Reuerter, which lieth for him in the reuersion or his heires or Assignes after the state taile be spent. The third is [in] the Remainder, which the Law giueth to him in the remainder, his Heires or Assignes after the determination of the estate taile. "
fort , [v.]
(1756) G. Washington Lett. Writ. 1889 I. 360 "While you remain..forted in, as if to defend yourselves were the sole end of your coming. "
fortification .
(1794) Sullivan View Nat. II. 362 "In the neighbourhood of Lexington..are the remains of two ancient fortifications. "
fortune , [sb.]
(1827) Hallam Const. Hist. (1876) II. x. 177 "It remained only..to try once more the fortune of war."
fossil , [a.] and [sb.]
(1831) Brewster Newton (1855) II. xvi. 100 "He regarded fossils as the real remains of plants and animals which had been buried in the strata."
fossilate , [v.]
(1832) Fraser's Mag. V. 553 "The fossilated remains of their skeletons. "
fossilist .
(1766) Pennant Zool. (1768) I. 41 "Those remains which fossilists distinguish by the title of diluvian. "
fossilize , [v.]
(1878) Huxley Physiogr. 229 "There is much more likelihood that the remains of animals..should be fossilized."
fosterage .
(1775) Johnson West. Isl. Wks. X. 484 "There still remains in the islands, though it is passing fast away, the custom of fosterage. "
foughty [a.]
(1625) Markham Farew. Husb. (1625) 115 "Neither will the Corne corrupt or grow faughty, as long as the wormewood remaines amongst it. "
foul , [a.] , [adv.] and [sb.]
(1837) Marryat Dog-fiend xii, "He remained in his..foul-weather hat. "
(1652) Wright tr. Camus' Nature's Paradox 28 "Like those Fountaineers, who shewing curious Water-works and Grotta's..set themselves in some known place where they remain dry, whilst every one else is wetted to the skin."
fourth , [a.] and [sb.]
(1893) Stevenson in Daily News 11 Apr. 6/3 "Of the remaining three-fourth parts of my said father's estate, one-fourth part of the three-fourth parts I give and bequeath [etc.]."
fowl , [sb.]
(1861) Beeton Bk. Househ. Man. §.978 "Fricasseed Fowl. Ingredients-The remains of cold roast fowl [etc.]."
fox , [sb.]
(1735) Somerville Chase iii. 23 "The wily Fox remain'd A subtle pilf'ring Foe, prowling around In Midnight Shades. "
fraction , [sb.]
(1971) Nature 13 Aug. 455/2 "Textural variation depends on changes in the proportions of sand and clay with the silt fraction remaining fairly constant."
fragment , [sb.]
(1531) Elyot Gov. i. xix, "At that tyme Idolatry was nat clerely extincte, but diuers fragmentes therof remained in euery region. "
(1607) Shaks. Timon iv. iii. 399 "Where should he haue this Gold? It is some poore Fragment, some slender Ort of his remainder. "
fragmental , [a.]
(1882) Geikie Text-bk. Geol. (1885) 116 "Fragmental rocks are formed either of the d&eacu.bris of older rocks, or of the aggregated remains of plants or animals."
frank , [a. 2]
(1877) Daily News 27 Dec. 6/2 "What may be effected by frank force remains to be seen. "
fraternal , [a.] and [sb.]
(1904) H. H. Wilder in Amer. Jrnl. Anat. III. 389 "Corresponding to this hypothesis..we may designate these two types [of twin] respectively as Fraternal and Duplicate, thus doing away with the misleading and inapplicable terms `identical' and `homologous' as applied to the one type, and furnishing a distinguishing term for the other, which seems thus far to have remained without a name. "
fraudulency .
(1700) S. Sewall Diary 18 Apr. (1879) II. 11, "I press'd..that Capt. Checkley should give Daniel a Deed; that so this Fraudulency might not remain to be seen. "
free , [a.] , [sb.] , and [adv.]
(1861) Miss Pratt Flower. Pl. I. 8 "The anthers remaining separate, and being termed free. "
(1800) tr. Lagrange's Chem. I. 244 "The nitric acid remains free in the liquor. "
(1825) J. Nicholson Operat. Mechanic 662 "The whole power of the engine would be expended in impelling itself and the ship..and no free power would remain for freight. "
freedom .
(1867) Thomson &. Tait Treat. Nat. Philos. I. i. 130 "A free point has three degrees of freedom, inasmuch as the most general displacement which it can take is resolvable into three, parallel respectively to any three directions, and independent of each other... If the point be constrained to remain always on a given surface, one degree of constraint is introduced, or there are left but two degrees of freedom. "
free wheel free-wheel
(1911) I. Hay Safety Match iii. 48 "For a moment he was silent-free-wheeling, so to speak, over the pulverised remains of Mr. Winch. "
freeze , [sb. 1]
(1948) Electronics Nov. 132/1 "Television Application Freeze Announced. Recent action by the FCC temporarily halted any further authorization of new television stations... The freeze would remain in effect long enough for the commission to decide whether certain changes should be made. "
freeze , [v.]
(1865) Detroit Tribune 6 Oct. 3/1 "The raiders remained in the back room some minutes without making any demonstration, and Smith in the meantime `froze' to the door latch. "
French , [a.] and [sb.]
(1844) B. Disraeli Coningsby II. iv. vii. 77 "Under ordinary circumstances a French bed and a brasier of charcoal alone remained for Villebecque, who was equal to the occasion. "
(1798) Nelson 28 Sept. in Nicolas Desp. (1845) III. 135 "The only remaining *French-built Ship of the Line. "
fresh , [a. 1] , [adv.] and [sb. 1]
(1859) G. Wilson Gateways Knowl. (ed. 3) 71 "The..Mammoth remains fresh as on the day of its death."
(1641) J. Jackson True Evang. T. i. 69 "These antipathies..do still remaine..as fresh, as if Adam had but falne yesterday. "
friar [v.]
(1599) Sandys Europ&ae. Spec. (1632) 232 "There remaines nothing for a Iew converted, but to bee Friered."
friary , [sb.]
(1824) Miss Mitford Village Ser. i. (1863) 122 "The remains of an old friary. "
frigid , [a.]
(1953) J. S. van Teslaar tr. Stekel's Frigidity in Woman v. 96 (heading 97 )"On their part they remain frigid during the act. "
frigidity .
(1634) T. Johnson Parey's Chirurg. xxvi. vii. (1678) 633 "If to the same frigidity remaining in Fruits, a certain humidity accrew. "
frigorific , [a.]
(1751) Johnson Rambler No. 159 &page.7 "Knowledge and virtue remain too long congealed by this frigorifick power. "
frit , [v.]
(1805-17) R. Jameson Char. Min. (ed. 3) 295 "Fritting, when single parts of the mass are melted, while others remain unaltered. "
fritter , [sb. 1]
(1820) Scoresby Acc. Arctic Reg. II. 176 "The finks or fritters were always sufficient to boil the remainder without any other fuel."
frizz friz , [v. 1]
(1885) C. T. Davis Leather xlii. 681 "The treatment with the scraping-knife being generally not sufficient for complete frizzing, the remaining portions of the grain are removed with another sharp knife."
frog (1) .
(1711) Phil. Trans. XXVII. 351 "The remaining Ranatr&ae., or *Froghoppers. "
frontage , [sb.]
(1870) Daily News 16 Feb., "The remainder of the establishment consisting chiefly of the river frontage, will then be sold in plots. "
frontispiece , [v.]
(1715) M. Davies Athen. Brit. I. Pref. 12 "Those two Clementin Epistles..wherewith..Cotelerius frontispiec'd his Collection of Apostolick Remains. "
frozen , [ppl. a.]
(1961) J. S. Salak Dict. Amer. Sports 188 "When object balls are frozen they remain in play as they are."
fructiform , [a.]
(1816) Sir J. Sinclair in Monthly Mag. XLII. 298 "The fructiform productions which were found upon the same stalks often remained fixed together."
(1545) Raynold Byrth Mankynde iii. iii. (1634) 167 "That that remaineth, fry it together in a Frying panne with Suger. "
fugitive , [a.] and [sb.]
(1753) Glover Boadicea i. i, "Come from your hills, ye fugitive remains Of shattered cohorts. "
(1864) Spectator 9 Apr. 423 "The greater part of periodical literature is meant to be, and ought to remain, fugitive."
fulguration .
(1853) Ure Dict. Arts I. 98 "When the lead is wasted to a certain degree, a very thin film of it only remains on the silver, which causes the iridescent appearance, like the colours of soap-bubbles; a phenomenon, called by the old chemists, fulguration."
full , [a.] , [sb. 3] , and [adv.]
(1878) Morley Carlyle Crit. Misc., Ser. i. 200 "The Protestant cause remained full of vitality."
(1742) Lond. &. Country Brew. i. (ed. 4) 11 "The Flour of the Grain will remain in its full Quantity. "
fullerphone .
(1922) Encycl. Brit. XXXII. 491/2 "The fullerphone is a telegraph instrument, the essential point of which is the changing at the receiving end of a steady current into an intermittent current of audible frequency, while at the same time the current in the line remains steady. "
function , [v.]
(1894) Westm. Mag. 8 May 2/3 "The mere show, the social functioning and ceremony, remains, although everyone knows that the life of the metropolis no longer expresses itself through the City Corporation. "
functionate , [v.]
(1869) Daily News 11 June, "The reflective faculty remains in undisturbed repose. As the French say, it does not `functionate'. "
funding , [vbl. sb.]
(1792) A Young. Trav. France 517 "It remains a subject of infinite curiosity, to see how far the infatuated and blind spirit of funding will now be pursued. "
furnace , [sb.]
(1892) Labour Commission Gloss., "*Furnace Fillers, men who remain at the top of the furnace and empty therein the loaded barrows sent up from the bottom. "
furnish , [v.]
(1848) Jrnl. R. Agric. Soc. IX. ii. 555 "It is not..necessary for the hop-tiers to wait until there are three bines for every pole long enough to tie, that is, for the hills to furnish, as they term it..When every pole furnished with three bines pull the remainder out of the hills. "
furniture .
(1692) Ray Dissol. World iii. xi. (1732) 415 "The Earth remaining without any Furniture or Inhabitants. "
further , [v.]
(1816) Scott Old Mort. xi, "To remain together in arms for furthering the covenanted work of reformation. "
fusain .
(1961) W. Francis Coal (ed. 2) v. 296 "Fusain differs very considerably in constitution and properties from the remaining ingredients of coal. "
futile , [a.]
(1892) T. Duncan Canaanitish Woman x. 130 "After all, why should he remain for ever among the futiles?"
G ,
(1927) C. Spearman Abilities of Man vi. 75 "The `general factor'..denoted by the letter g..is so named because, although varying freely from individual to individual, it remains the same for any one individual in respect of all the correlated abilities. "
gadget .
(1967) Daily Tel. 29 Mar. 12/7 "Despite the latest gadgetry-echo-sounders, freezer trawlers, automatic gear-the commercial sea fisherman remains basically a hunter."
Gadhelic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1861) O'Curry Lect. MS. Mat. 3 "Ample materials still remain in the Gaedhlic or Irish language. "
gag , [v. 1]
(1893) Times 14 July 9/5 "The gagging resolution excluded all debate on the remaining clauses. "
gait , [sb. 2]
(1825) Loudon Agric. §.2940 "When the single sheaves (gaites) have remained in this position for a few days, if [etc.]. "
galena .
(1601) Holland Pliny II. 517 "The third part of the vein which remaineth behind in the furnace, it is Gal&ae.na, that is to say, the very mettal it selfe of lead. "
gallery , [sb.]
(1890) Berkeley &Eacu.cart&eacu. &. Euchre 28 "French &Eacu.cart&eacu.. When several persons desire to join in a game of &Eacu.cart&eacu., it is generally arranged in the following manner. Two of the number sit down to play a game in the usual way,..and the remainder, called `The Gallery', are allowed to take part in the game to the extent of betting on the player of their choice, and advising him, if necessary. "
gallows , [sb.]
(1837) Carlyle Fr. Rev. II. v. iii. 270 "Jourdan himself remains unhanged; gets loose again as one not yet *gallows-ripe. "
galvanoplastic , [a.]
(1848) Art Union Jrnl. Feb. 49 "It is placed in a galvano&dubh.plastic apparatus, in which it remains till it is galvano&dubh.plastically covered. "
gamo- ,
(1876) Balfour in Encycl. Brit. IV. 142/1 "The union..may take place by the ovaries alone, while the styles and stigmata remain free, the pistil being then *gamogastrous. "
(1885) Syd. Soc. Lex., "Gamogastrous, a term applied to a pistil in which the ovaries are more or less completely united and the respective styles and stigmata remain free. "
ganger , [sb. 3]
(1882) Nares Seamanship (ed. 6) 162 "A ganger, two or more lengths of chain cable shackled to the sheet anchor. It enables part of the sheet cable always to remain bent."
ganoin .
(1859) Todd Cycl. Anat. V. 481/2 "The edges of its `Lepidine' layer do not remain in contact with the ganoin layer. "
gap , [v.]
(1925) Brit. Weekly 5 Mar. 545/3 "Demolishing two-thirds of the houses, and `gapping' and `loop-holing' the remainder. "
gape , [v.]
(1635) Pagitt Christianogr. 222 "Some others who gape to swallow up and make a prey of that little which remaineth. "
(1762-71) H. Walpole Vertue's Anecd. Paint. (1786) IV. 106 "The domestic called a Gardiner..will remain the Gardiner, the projector I should propose to denominate a Gardenist."
garrison , [sb.]
(1801) Wellington in Gurw. Desp. (1837) I. 347 "The garrison could not remain in that fort opposed to the fire of a man of war. "
(1707) Lond. Gaz. No. 4317/2 "Part of their Troops..are to remain in Garison there; the rest are to go into Garison at Mantua. "
Gartner .
(1876) Quain's Elem. Anat. (ed. 8) II. 821 "In the sow and several ruminants..the subdivided upper tubular part or epoophoron has disappeared, and the main part (middle part of the Wolffian duct) remains in the duct of Gaertner, a strong, slightly undulated tube. "
gastro- ,
(1952) F. A. Jones Mod. Trends Gastro-enterol. p. xiii, "In many countries, as in Great-Britain, gastro-enterology is not an established speciality..but remains within the sphere of general medicine and surgery. "
gather , [v.]
(1816) J. Smith Panorama Sc. &. Art II. 694 "Gather the remaining fruits. "
gauge gage , [sb.]
(1825) J. Nicholson Operat. Mechanic 376 "The pipe G is a sort of gauge, by means of which, after the pulp rises to a proper height in the vessel L, the remainder of the water is carried off into the cistern C. "
Gaulic , [a.]
(C. 1645) Howell Lett. (1650) I. 457 "There be divers old Gaulick words yet remaining in the French, which are pure British. "
gearing , [vbl. sb.]
(1965) Seldon &. Pennance Everyman's Dict. Econ. 193 "Gearing, the proportion of a company's annual income allocated to `prior charges' (interest on debentures and preference dividends), the remainder going to the ordinary shareholders. Where it is high the company is said to be highly geared, and conversely."
Gedinnian , [a.]
(1853) Q. Jrnl. Geol. Soc. IX. 25 "The `Gedinnian system' must be entirely separated from the Rhenane series with which..it has no organic remains in common. "
general , [a.] and [sb.]
(1818) Jas. Mill Brit. India III. vi. i. 8 "The remaining chiefs..immediately broke into general discord. "
generalization .
(1897) Allbutt Syst. Med. III. 71 "The generalisation of an infective disease which in most instances remains localised may be due..to the dissemination of the specific organism."
generalize , [v.]
(1832) De la Beche Geol. Man (ed. 2) 193 "The presence of fossils in particular strata was instantly generalized; and it became a well received theory..that every formation..contained the same organic remains, not to be discovered in those above or beneath. "
generally , [adv.]
(1583) T. Stocker tr. Civ. Wars Low C. ii. 16 b, "Wee agree..not one forraine Souldier to remaine there generally. "
generic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1851) Richardson Geol. viii. 208 "The preservation of the generic and specific characters of fossil remains varies in different strata."
genetic , [a.] and [sb. pl.]
(1947) H. J. Muller in Proc. R. Soc. B. CXXXIV. 30 "Practically every mutation, even a `small' and non-lethal one, with the rarest of exceptions, requires finally a genetic death, that is, a failure to live or to breed, somewhere along the line of its descent, if the population would remain genetically at par. For each mutation, then, a genetic death. "
genial , [a. 1]
(1595) Spenser Epithal. 399 " And thou, glad Genius! in whose gentle hand The bridale bowre and geniall bed remaine. "
Genoese , [a.] and [sb.]
(1967) Times 22 Mar. 13/7 "The last remaining vines of the Coronata valley which used to provide the exact white wine to accompany Genoese fish."
genouillere .
(1867) Smyth Sailor's Word-bk., "Genouillere, that part of a battery which remains above the platform, and under the gun after the opening of the embrasure. Of course a knee-step."
gentleman .
(1581) W. Blandy Cast. Policy 18 b, "Captayne, Lieutenent, Auncient, Serieant of a Company, gentleman in a company or of the Rounde, Lance passado. These are speciall; the other that remaine, priuate or common Souldiars. "
genuine , [a. 1]
(1612) Drayton Poly-olb. ix. 14 "A constant Mayden still she onely did remaine, The last her genuine lawes which stoutly did retaine. "
genuineness .
(1738) Warburton Div. Leg. I. 111 "The Genuineness of these Remains. "
genus .
(1755) Gentl. Mag. XXV. 33 "When the shells are distributed according to their proper classes and tribes, nothing remains but to remark their less essential differences, by which they are subdivided into genuses and species. "
geochronology .
(1958) F. E. Zeuner Dating Past iv. 109 "Fromm's (1938) geochronologically dated pollen-diagrams from Angermanland provide the remainder of dates in the Scandinavian sequence, and Welten's work in Switzerland may become important as a second pollen-time-scale. "
geologist .
(1855) Singleton Virgil I. 400 "Their very existence would have remained unknown, except for the geologist and the fossil."
geometric , [a.]
(1902) Encycl. Brit. XXV. 572/1 "In the remains of the Geometric Age we may trace the influence of the Dorians. "
geoponic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1827) Steuart Planter's G. (1828) 21 "The Remains of the Greek Geoponic writers. "
geriatric , [a.] and [sb.]
(1982) Spectator 18 Sept. 3/3 "Hua Kuo-feng was replaced by Teng Hsiao-ping but a number of geriatrics remained. "
germ , [sb.]
(1810) Wellington in Gurw. Desp. (1838) V. 537 "We ought to..encourage to remain here all the gentlemen of the country, as a germ of insurrection. "
(1855) Owen Comp. Anat. Invertebr. (ed. 2) 673 "*Germ-yolk, that portion of the primary yolk of the egg which is assimilated by the germ-cells in the formation of the germ-mass. In some animals the whole yolk is so assimilated, in others (sepia e.g.) only a small portion, the remainder being the `food-yolk', and absorbed by the future embryo or young animal."
germiculture .
(18..) Med. News LII. 640 (Cent.) "The third point-the antiseptic value of these bodies-still remains for the germiculturist to determine."
gerontomorphic , [a.]
(1959) J. D. Clark Prehist. S. Afr. iv. 86 "These two fossils..are, however, not the only remains of this gerontomorphic, proto-Australoid type from Africa, for fragments of three fossil crania were found in 1935. "
gerundive , [a.] and [sb.]
(1894) W. M. Lindsay Lat. Lang. 543 "The origin of the Gerundive suffix still remains doubtful."
gesticulate , [v.]
(1815) Scott Guy M. iv, "The gipsy remained on the shore, reciting or singing, and gesticulating with great vehemence. "
get , [v.]
(1613) Purchas Pilgrimage (1614) 400 "These reeds would fight together, and the victorie should remaine with him whose reede got the better. "
(1892) Pall Mall G. 19 Jan. 4/3 "He remained three hours in the water, afraid to move, lest he should get out of his depth. "
Getulian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1928) V. G. Childe Most Anc. East iii. 48 "And others [sc. migrants], conveniently termed Getulans, remained in North Africa."
ghastly obsgastly , [a.]
(1855) Prescott Philip II, I. iii. v. 370 "His bloody head was set up opposite to that of his fellow-sufferer. For three hours these ghastly trophies remained exposed. "
ghost , [sb.]
(1897) Mary Kinglsey W. Africa 488 "Between five and six weeks..the widow remains in the hut, armed with a good stout stick, as a precaution against the ghost of her husband."
(1890) Jrnl. Chem. Soc. LVII. 499 "The parenchymatous tissue of the endosperm portions..is completely disintegrated, the cell-walls either entirely disappearing or remaining in a much swollen and altered form as mere `ghosts'. "
(1967) Times 18 July 1/3 "Qantara, after the Middle East war, has been turned into a ghost town, as not more than 1,000 of its 8,000 people remain. "
ghurry .
(1803) in Gurw. Wellington's Desp. (1844) I. 585 "If you are resolved on having an audience, come tomorrow, when only two ghurees of the day shall remain. "
giantism .
(1936) M. Allis Eng. Prelude xxiv. 176 "London remains the great metropolis, but those of the Midlands give an impression of giantism London lacks. "
gilded , [ppl. a.]
(1860) Tyndall Glac. i. v. 39 "It remained the only gilded summit in view."
gimcrack , [sb.] and [a.]
(1639) Chapman &. Shirley Ball iv. H iij, "Luc. There remaines to take away one scruple. Co. Another gimcracke. Luc. I have none, tis your doubt sir. "
gingerbread .
(1813) Hodgson &. Laird Beaut. Eng. &. Wales XII. i. 89 "Little remains of this ancient bulwark except a strong gate&dubh.way. the approach to which has been lately flanked with bastions, in the true gingerbread style. "
gippy .
(1916) Anzac Bk. 138 "And it came to pass that while they yet warmed their hands there was heard a mighty crash, and of the `Gyppies' that remained were picked up seven stretchers full. "
girder , [sb. 1]
(1869) Latest News 5 Sept. 16 "So fierce was the fire, that the glass in the roof melted; but the iron girders remained in their places. "
girdle , [v.]
(1766) J. Bartram Jrnl. 11 Feb. in Stork Acc. E. Florida 65 "There still remain..great trees girdled round to kill them, which are now very sound, tho' above 60 years since they were cut. "
girn , [v. 1]
(A. 1693) Urquhart Rabelais iii. xvii, "The old Trot for a while remained silent, pensive, and girning like a Dog. "
glacial , [a.]
(1786) H. Cavendish in Phil. Trans. LXXVI. 268 "The oil of vitriol prepared from green vitriol, has sometimes been obtained in such a state as to remain constantly congealed..whence it acquired its name of glacial. "
glassful , [sb.]
(1823) Byron Juan xiii. xxxvii, "About a liquid glassful will remain. "
glosso- ,
(1872) W. Aitkin Sci. &. Pract. Med. (ed. 6) II. 283 "In *glosso-laryngeal paralysis the lower part of the face alone remains motionless. "
glove , [sb.]
(1727-41) Chambers Cycl. s.v., "The custom..of blessing gloves, in the coronation of the kings of France, is a remain of the eastern practice of giving possession with the glove."
glow , [sb.]
(1878) Huxley Physiogr. 77 "The merest point remains in a state of glow. "
glucosan .
(1950) G. M. Dyson Man. Org. Chem. x. 805 "An enquiry into..the structure of the remaining product led to the recognition of a number of isomeric glucosans, for it appears that glucose can lose one molecule of water in almost every conceivable way. "
glutin .
(1825) J. Nicholson Operat. Mechanic 407 "He..wets the fibres [of flax or hemp] and rubs them together, which, by the glutine remaining in them will cause them to adhere. "
gnatter , [v.]
(1757) E. Darwin Let. 24 Dec. in Life (1879) 22 "Here Time with his long Teeth had gnattered away the remainder of this Leaf. "
gnoscopine .
(1951) A. Grollman Pharmacol. &. Therapeutics iv. 88 "The remaining [opium] alkaloids (laudanosine,..codamine, gnoscopine, etc.) occur in too small quantity to have any influence on the action of the crude drug. "
go , [sb. 1]
(1884) Brit. Stand. Handbks. Sports &. Pastimes II. ii. 16 "Skittles, That all pins be knocked down, but should one remain standing it shall be considered an extra `go'... That the number of `goes' be limited to five."
go , [v.]
(A. 1698) Temple Of Her. Virtue Wks. 1720 I. 196 "Whatever remains in Story of Atlas..is so obscured with Age or Fables, that it may go along with those of the Atlantick Islands. "
(1968) K. Weatherly Roo Shooter 41 "The air remained as dry as ever. On some of the stations the cattle were going down; all the earth tanks were dry."
(1888) Steel &. Lyttleton Cricket (Badm.) v. 232 "Nothing would induce the injured batsman to remain..he had been given out and was going out. "
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) II. 19 "The estate must go over to the next in remainder."
(1571) Campion Hist. Irel. II. viii. (1633) 102 "For which cause the Earle of Desmond remained many yeares Deputy to George Duke of Clarence his god-brother."
godfather [sb.]
(1617) Moryson Itin. i. 37 "After they had fined me some cannes of wine, and..had made me free, it remained that he whom they had chosen to be my God-father,..should instruct me with some precepts. "
godling .
(1570-6) Lambarde Peramb. Kent (1826) 394 "What remaineth..but that altars should be raised..to this our newe found Godlyng? "
(1559) in Neal Hist. Puritans (1754) I. 93 "After the consecration [of the host] there remains not..any other substance but God-Man. "
(1861) W. L. Alexander tr. Dorner's Pers. Christ (1872) I. i. 1 "It will ever remain the ideal of human life, that it is God-manlike."
Goidelic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1896) Sir H. Maxwell Hist. Dumfries etc. ii. 32 "Novantia, however, remained Pictish,-i.e. Goidelic-in speech and race. "
golden , [a.]
(1967) W. J. Reichmann Spell of Math. v. 90 "The sides of the rectangle are thus in golden section, and the rectangle may therefore be called a golden rectangle... If we draw the largest square possible within this rectangle..then the next remaining rectangle will also be golden."
(1596) Fitz-Geffray Sir F. Drake (1881) 25 "Her silver-feathered turtle-doves, Which in their *golden-wired cage remaine."
goldish , [a.]
(1577) Dee Relat. Spir. i. (1659) 174 "There remaineth on the Table a goldish shine. "
golgotha .
(1749) J. Gwyn Ess. on Design Pref. 6 "Westminster-abbey..was by no Means intended as a mere Golgotha for the Remains of the..Dead. "
gompa .
(1939) M. Pallis Peaks &. Lamas xiii. 147 "Time enough to sort out the remaining stores and attend a service at the Gompa (monastery) to which we had been specially bidden. "
Gondal , [sb.] and [a.]
(1908) C. Shorter Brontë.s Life &. Lett. I. x. 215 "The Gondaland Chronicles, to which reference is made, must remain a mystery for us. "
gono- ,
(1969) A. J. Grove et al. Anim. Biol. (ed. 8) xvi. 382 [Amphioxus.] "For a time each gonotome remains connected to its own somite by a short stalk, but eventually the stalk is severed and in this way a series of young gonads is formed."
gonotocont .
(1928) C. W. Dodge tr. Gä.umann's Compar. Morphol. Fungi i. 1 "The product of fertilization is called a zygote as long as it remains unicellular; it develops into a diplont which forms gonotoconts (organs in which meiosis occurs). "
good , [a.] , [adv.] , and [sb.]
(1796) H. Hunter tr. St. Pierre's Stud. Nat. (1799) III. 146 "My good friend, your sister shall remain with us. "
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) V. 509 "Although a recovery be a good bar to a remainder for years [etc.]. "
(1895) Ld. Watson in Law Times Rep. LXXIII. 37/1 "They have sold their patent..for..30,000l., and..allowing a reasonable deduction for those items which they have disbursed, there still remains to the good a very considerable sum of money. "
good nature good-nature
(1657) Jer. Taylor Serm. at Funeral Sir G. Dalstone Wks. 1828 VI. 563 "A good nature, being the relicks and remains of that shipwreck which Adam made, is the proper and immediate disposition to holiness..When good nature is heightened by the grace of God, that which was natural becomes now spiritual. "
goodness .
(1819) Col. Hawker Diary (1893) I. 185 "Here I remained..for goodness knows how many hours. "
goombay .
(1834) M. G. Lewis Jrnl. W. Ind. 322 "The greatest part remained quietly in the negro houses beating the gumby-drum. "
goon .
(1945) G. Morgan Only Ghosts can Live, 140, "The cry, `Goon up!' remained in many camps a warning of the approach of the Detaining Power. "
goose , [sb.]
(1799) Aurora (Philad.) 31 Jan. (Th.), "The gulls and goose-traps that have been sported for some time past all come from the shop in which the Washington Lottery wheels remain undrawn, and where a new goose-trap, the Amuskeag canal, was some time since hammered out. "
(1577) B. Googe Heresbach's Husb. iv. (1586) 188 b, "If any thing remaine, not washed away, you must sweepe it out with a Goose wing. "
gossiper .
(1885) L'pool Daily Post 29 Aug. 5/2 "Gossipers on the Flags were pleased to notice that cotton remains fair."
gourbi .
(1963) Economist 29 June 1352/3 "A number [of Alglerians]..must remain..in the `gourbis', their floorless, mosquito-ridden mud or wattle hovels."
gourd (1) .
(1892) Harper's Mag. May LXXXIV. 936/2 "The rank, malodorous *gourd-vine that straggled over the remains of last year's bean poles. "
governance .
(1533-4) Act 25 Hen. VIII, c. 22 §.11 "Your said issue..shalbe &. remaine..at and in the gouernance of their naturall mother. "
governess , [v.]
(1852) Tait's Mag. XIX. 346 "Esther yet remains single, and governesses her brother's rising family. "
government .
(1647-8) Cotterell Davila's Hist. Fr. (1678) 9 "Those few small governments which yet remained in their family. "
grab , [v.]
(1788) W. Eden in G. Rose's Diaries (1860) I. 74 "There remained merely the finding and grabbing some respectable office for life. "
grad (3)
(1909) J. G. Coffin Vector Analysis 103 "It remains to show that the operator &udtr. applied to V gives the grad. "
gradational , [a.]
(1880) G. Meredith Tragic Com. xviii. (1892) 252 "It was easier to remain incredulous notwithstanding the gradational distinctness of the whispers."
graded , [ppl. a.]
(1882) W. H. Bishop in Harper's Mag. Dec. 60/2 "A half mile of graded road-bed alone remains."
grafter (3) .
(1896) Columbus (Ohio) Dispatch 20 Apr. 3/8 "Most of the `grafters' have left the town, and not many of them will remain here. "
gramicidin .
(1940) Hotchkiss &. Dubos in Jrnl. Biol. Chem. CXXXII. 791 "Three crystalline preparations highly bactericidal for Gram-positive microorganisms have been obtained... The third substance, which we have named gramicidin, is concentrated by repeatedly recovering the fraction which remains soluble in alcohol. "
grand , [a.] and [sb.]
(1966) A. J. Marder From Dreadnought to Scapa Flow III. vi. 207 "The moral ascendancy of the Grand Fleet over the High Seas Fleet remained and, if anything, was stronger. "
(1889) Elvin Dict. Heraldry, s.v. "Marshalling, a *Grand Quartering..usually accompanies the assumption of a second name, and unites the two associated coats so inseparably, that if they come to be Marshalled with other quarterings they are no longer (as in other cases) spread out among them, but they still remain together as a Grand Quartering. "
grandezza grandeza
(1675) H. Teonge Diary (1825) 87 "This island [Cyprus]..had in it 30 cittys, of which there still remaine many worthy memorables of their pristin grandetsa's."
grandparental , [a.]
(1958) New Biology XXVI. Pl. 3(b), "At the base of the parent corm is the remains of the connexion to the `grandparental' corm."
grant , [v.]
(1674) tr. Scheffer's Lapland 4 "Granting there were antiently such names..it remaines doubtfull [etc.]. "
Granth .
(1934) H. H. Gowen Hist. Religion, xxiii. 347 "When the tenth Guru died the succession was regarded as closed and the Adi Granth remained the sole authority. "
grape , [sb. 1]
(1830) M. Donovan Dom. Econ. I. 249 "The *grape-cake which remains after the wine has been pressed out is called by the French les marcs de raisin. "
graphitization .
(1951) Proc. R. Soc. A. CCIX. 215 "Graphitization [of the coal] does not occur because the crystallites are in random orientation and the pore structure remains intact. "
graphitize , [v.]
(1937) Epstein &. Sisco Alloys Iron &. Carbon II. x. 369 "All the remaining austenite changes to ferrite and cementite; the remaining cementite has, therefore, still to be graphitized. "
grappier .
(1905) E. C. Eckel Cements 185 "Grappier cements are made by grinding finely the lumps of unburned and overburned material which remain when a hydraulic lime is slaked. "
grass-green [a.] (and [sb.] )
(1641) French Distill. vi. (1651) 193 "There will remaine..a grasse-green Liquor. "
gratify , [v.]
(1607) Shaks. Cor. ii. ii. 44 "It remaines..To gratifie his Noble seruice. "
gratin .
(1964) Good Housek. New Cooking v. 57 "Egg and Spinach Au Gratin... Sprinkle on the remaining cheese and grill until golden."
grave , [sb. 1]
(1756-7) tr. Keysler's Trav. (1760) III. 97 "Here in one grave are deposited the remains of Constantia..and..her daughter. "
grave , [sb. 3]
(1605) Saltern Ant. Laws Gt. Brit. E 2 b, "The Saxons..called their Nobles by a name of the same signification, viz. Earles or eldermen, a name of nobilitie vnknowne in their owne Countrie; where (as I take it) they are called Graues or Greues, signifying a gouernor, which name also they brought hither, and it remaineth in some vse to this day. "
grave , [v. 2]
(1891) C. Creighton Hist. Epidemics 585 "They graved the ship there and remained twenty-six days."
gravitation .
(1860) Maury Phys. Geog. Sea (Low) ii. §.95 "But for the forces of gravitation the waters of the Mississippi would remain at its fountain. "
gravity .
(1758) Reid tr. Macquer's Chym. I. 234 "As the fire carries off the most aqueous part, the other which remains in the retort increases in specific gravity. "
grease , [sb.]
(1860) Slang Dict., "Grease-spot, a minute remnant, the only distinguishable remains of an antagonist after a terrific contest. "
greaser .
(1906) L. Claremont Gem-Cutter's Craft 100 "The heavy material among which are the diamonds..is..passed through a machine called the `greaser', which consists of a shaking table made of five shallow steps..coated with a thick layer of grease, and the diamonds adhere to the grease while the remainder of the gravel is washed away. "
grece .
(1611) Speed Hist. Gt. Brit. ix. viii. §.46 "Neither is the Popes reuenge thus appeased, some higher greeces yet remaine, on which his Greatnesse..must display it selfe. "
greediness .
(1641) J. Jackson True Evang. T. i. 73 "There is too much of the greedinesse of the Wolfe still remaining. "
greenback , [sb.]
(1961) Amat. Gardening 21 Oct. Suppl. 25/1 "Green&dubh.back, a common tomato disorder in which the fruits do not ripen completely but remain green near the stalk."
greening , [vbl. sb.]
(1751) Chambers Cycl. s.v., "If urine, citron-juice, or spirit of vitriol, be cast on a green ribband, it becomes blue; by reason the yellow of the greening-weed is thereby exhaled and consumed; so that nothing but blue remains behind. "
griding , [ppl. a.]
(1782) Elphinston tr. Martial i. xxii. 35 "For brawny necks the griding claw remains. "
grief , [sb.]
(1965) J. Pollitt Depression &. its Treatment ii. 22 "Similarly, in human affairs, bereavement occurring during a depressive illness is not followed by the normal process of forgetting, the patient remaining grief-stricken. "
griffin (1) .
(1818) Scott Hrt. Midl. ix, "The paw remained suspended in the air like the claw of a heraldic griffin. "
grille grill , [sb.]
(1962) K. F. Chapman Stamp Collecting 137 "Grille, a pattern of tiny square dots impressed into the paper of several United States issues with a view to hindering the removal of cancellations. The grille broke the fibres of the paper and permitted the cancelling ink to penetrate the paper instead of remaining on the surface."
grizzle , [v. 2]
(1867) E. Yates Forlorn Hope xxix. 392, "I went abroad, and remained grizzling and feeding on my own heart for months. "
grockle .
(1984) Listener 20 Sept. 23/1 "With the memory of my month in Devon receding, the grockles remain vivid, and the term grows more and more repellent to me. "
groin , [sb. 2]
(1790) Pennant London 87 "On the north outside, beyond the windows, are many marks of recesses, groins, arms, on the remains of some other room. "
gross , [a.] and [sb. 4]
(1802-12) Bentham Rat. Judic. Evid. (1827) IV. 527 "How inconsistent and absurd, to do away the mischief in retail, and, in the very self-same shape, leave it to remain in gross! "
(A. 1682) Sir T. Browne Tracts (1684) 132 "So much still remaineth with us that it maketh the gross of our language. "
ground , [sb.]
(1629) Rutherford Lett. (1862) I. 44 "Fulfil with joy the remnant of the grounds and remainders of the afflictions of Christ in your body. "
(1607) Shaks. Cor. iv. i. 51 "While I remaine aboue the ground, you shall Heare from me still. "
(1876) Haygarth's Cricket Scores v. 16 "[G. H. Wright was engaged] on the Bramhall Ground, at Sheffield, where he still remains as *groundkeeper. "
(1591) R. Bruce Serm. (Wodrow Soc.) 298 "It may remain a sure foundation and Ground&dubh.stone to us. "
group , [sb.]
(1962) D. H. Calam in A. Pirie Lens Metabolism Rel. Cataract 439 "At the low pH employed, only strongly acidic groups remain charged, most of the carboxyl groups are unionized."
(1932) Times 12 Feb. 11/1 "The significance of this unique *group-burial must remain a mystery. "
grouseward , [adv.]
(1853) A. H. Clough Lett. &. Rem. (1865) 263 "The Commons are off grousewards, and scarcely anyone remains to ask one to dinner or anything else. "
grout , [sb. 1]
(1624) Capt. Smith Virginia ii. 29 "The groutes and peeces of the cornes remaining, by fanning..away the branne, they boyle 3 or 4 houres with water. "
growth (1) .
(1841-71) T. R. Jones Anim. Kingd. (ed. 4) 453 "Between the shell and the exterior of the body, where they remain until the embryo attains its full growth."
grub , [v.]
(1884) A. Lang in Century Mag. Jan. 325/2 "Grubbing among Roman remains and relics. "
grudging , [vbl. sb.]
(1672) Dryden 2nd Pt. Conq. Granada iv. iii, "The grudging of my ague yet remains. "
Guanche .
(1797) Encycl. Brit. IV. 81/1 "The inhabitants are chiefly Spaniards; though there are some of the first people remaining, whom they call Guanches, who are somewhat civilized by their intercourse with the Spaniards. "
guarantee , [sb.]
(1871) Blackie Four Phases i. 151 "He stood guarantee that I should remain and wait the result of the trial."
guarantee , [v.]
(1931) Economist 24 Jan. 163/1 "The remaining proposals involve the cancellation of the present agreements as to the guaranteed day and guaranteed week, overtime on a daily basis, [etc.]. "
guarantor .
(1893) Gladstone Sp. Ho. Com. 13 Feb., "I want to know..who will be the effective guarantor that this remainder will not also vanish?"
guard , [sb.]
(1874) Rifle Exerc., etc. 40 "Seize the guard with the forefinger and thumb of the right hand..the remaining fingers under the hammer."
(1960) M. S. Kiver F-M Simplified (ed. 3) i. 8 "Each station..is assigned a bandwidth of 200 kc. Of this 200-kc bandwidth, 150 (&pm.75) kc is to be employed for the modulation and the remaining 50 (&pm.25) kc is to function as a guardband. "
guardianship .
(A. 1715) Burnet Own Time (1724) I. 809 "In the case of lunaticks, the right still remained in him: Only the guardianship, or the exercise of it, was to be lodged with a Prince Regent. "
guarding , [ppl. a.]
(1897) Mary Kingsley W. Africa 176 "The Adoomas left and fled to the French authority at Njole and remained under its guarding shadow until the French came up and chastised the Fans."
guard-ship (2) guardship .
(1833) Marryat P. Simple (1863) 86, "I was sent on board of the guard-ship, where I remained about ten days, and then was sent round to join this frigate. "
guestwise [sb.] and [adv.]
(1590) Shaks. Mids. N. iii. ii. 171 "My heart to her, but as guest-wise soiourn'd, And now to Helen it is home return'd, There to remaine. "
guide , [sb.]
(1605) Verstegan Dec. Intell. v. (1628) 137 "There remaines yet a tole called *Guid-law, which is paid for cattell at Bowdumbar, a Gate of the City so called, and was first granted for the payment of guides. "
guiding , [ppl. a.]
(1897) A. H. Miles Concise Knowl. Astron. ii. xv. 195 "In the guiding telescope are two spider threads at right angles to each other, and it is by constantly keeping the image of a star at the intersection of these `wires' that the operator ensures the images remaining in a constant position upon the sensitive plate. "
guillotining , [vbl. sb.]
(1893) Times 1 June 9/5 "Cutting short the discussion on..the remaining clauses of the Bill by what is known as the `guillotining' process."
guilt , [sb.]
(1899) E. M. Aveling tr. Marx's Secret Diplomatic Hist. 18th Cent. v. 74 "Whether we consider her [sc. Russia's] power..as the mere vision of the *guilt-stricken consciences of the European peoples-the question remains the same."
gulf , [sb.]
(1566) Adlington Apuleius 51 "Whether thou wilt remaine with the serpent and in the ende to be swallowed up into the gowlfe of his bodie. "
Gullah .
(1908) S. Atlantic Q., Oct. 339 "To some Gullah remains a closed book. "
gum , [sb. 2]
(1841) Brande Chem. 1078 "When the solutions are evaporated, uncrystallizable *gum-like compounds remain. "
gum [sb. 5]
(1558) Warde tr. Alexis' Secr. 13 b, "A verie goodly secrete for the gommes [It. gomme] or burgeons that remaine of the great Pockes. "
gun , [sb.]
(1966) B. Kimenye Kalasanda Revisited 41 "Mrs. Lutaya's set absolutely refused to accept this high-handed ruling, preferring to remain large fish in their own small pond, rather than compete with the big guns of Gumbi and Male villages."
(1833) J. Holland Manuf. Metal II. 105 "A *gun-breeching till of late years, was what it still remains in muskets used in the army, simply a plug screwed into the end of the barrel. "
(1969) Australian 7 June 2/7 "Other RAAF gunships remained overhead until the crew were lifted out. "
Gupta , [a.] and [sb.]
(1880) Encycl. Brit. XIII. 120/2 "All the Gupta inscriptions are dated in the Gupta-k&aacu.la, the Gupta era, the epoch of which has long been and still remains a subject of dispute. "
gut , [sb.]
(1937) G. Orwell England Your England (1953) 191 "It is brought home to you, at least while you are watching, that it is only because miners sweat their guts out that superior persons can remain superior. "
gutter , [sb. 1]
(1887) H. H. Howorth Mammoth &. Flood 372 "Numerous remains of vegetation, we are told, occur in the *gutter-drift in Victoria. "
gutty , [sb.]
(1924) C. J. H. Tolley Mod. Golfer 64 "Thousands to-day would not be playing the game if the `gutty' ball remained the official ball of to-day."
guvacine .
(1946) Jrnl. Amer. Chem. Soc. LXVIII. 1053/1 "The white solid remaining undissolved..was guvacine hydrochloride. "
guy , [sb. 1]
(1928) Daily Express 7 Apr. 5/5 "Drive in the remaining pegs and attach and true up the remaining guylines. "
gymnic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1846) Grote Greece i. iv. (1862) I. 76 "The remaining daughters..were given in marriage to the victors in a gymnic contest. "
gyppie gypo gyppy
(1916) Anzac Book 138 "And it came to pass that while they yet warmed their hands there was heard a mighty crash, and of the `Gyppies' that remained were picked up seven stretchers full. "
gyroscope .
(1857) Chambers's Jrnl. 30 May 351/2 "To overcome it [sc. rolling and pitching]..the professor invented a balanced frame, with free axes for rotation, somewhat on the principle of the gyroscope, which..remains uninfluenced by the..movements of the ship. "
hacendado .
(1897) Blackw. Mag. Nov. 685 "The polity of the Mexican haciendado remains unchanged. "
hack , [v. 1]
(1864) Blackheathen 9/1 "`Hacking first man up'..remains at present quite a Rugby rule. "
(A. 1682) Sir T. Browne Tracts 133 "Present Parisians can hardly hack out those few lines of the league between Charles and Lewis..yet remaining in old French."
haematoxylin hem- .
(1882) Vines Sach's Bot. 947 "The net-work readily stains with h&ae.matoxylin, but the fluid remains colourless."
hag [sb. 3]
(1816) R. Kerr Agric. Surv. Berwicksh. 334 (Jam.) "Remains of ancient oak forests..which have grown into a kind of copse, or what is termed in Scotland hag woods. "
hair , [sb.]
(1583) Hollyband Campo di Fior 335 "There will alwayes remaine some heare in the cliffe of the penne."
half , [adv.]
(1818) Jas. Mill Brit. India II. v. v. 494 "From half after seven..they remained exposed to the fire..till nine o'clock. "
half- in
(1834) Ht. Martineau Farrers ii. 25 "Two out of the remaining four halfstarted from their chair. "
half-way halfway , [adv.] , [adj.] , [sb.] , and [prep.]
(1938) Times 25 May 17/3 "He shows how much remains to be done before the standard of life of the West Indian labourer and of the West Indian peasant is raised to a level which can be regarded as halfway tolerable. "
hall (1) .
(1874) Parker Goth. Archit. i. iii. 89 "Part of the great Norman hall remains, now converted into the servants' hall."
hallage .
(1678) Act of Common-Council, London B j a, "All sorts of Broad..Cloths..brought unto, pitched, and harboured in Blackwell-Hall..there to remain till..the Duties of Hallage herein after-mentioned also [be] paid. "
hallier (2)
(1587) Harrison England ii. ii. (1877) i. 87 "The students also that remaine in them [Oxford hostels or halls] are called hostelers or halliers."
halter , [sb. 1]
(1835) Lytton Rienzi v. v, "The horse runs from one hand, the halter remains in the other."
halve , [v.]
(1857) Chambers' Inform. II. 693/1 "When players are very equally matched, neither party has, at the close of a day's play, gained an advantage; every round has been halved, hence the match itself is halved, and remains to be played another day. "
ham , [sb. 1] ( [a.] )
(1941) M. Allingham Traitor's Purse xii. 133 "Campion's thin hands remained expressionless and Lugg's great ham-fists did not stir. "
hanaper .
(1536) Statutes Irel. 28 Hen. VIII (Bolton, 1621, 108) "The writings obligatorie or money taken for the same shall rest, remaine, and abide in the hands of the underthesaurer, or in the Hanaper of the kings Chauncerie in Ireland. "
(1965) Punch 3 Nov. 645/3 "The stone, being hand-crafted and set, remained in place for more than a month before it was washed away in a rain&dubh.storm. "
hand-grenade .
(1882) Standard 25 Aug. 3/7 "[They] remained on the camp side of the river, escalading, hand grenading, and double lock bridge building. "
hand-hoe [v.] [trans.]
(1744-50) W. Ellis Mod. Husb. IV. i. 15 "This Machine..will..fit the remaining Turneps for Hand-houghing. "
handsel hansel , [sb.]
(1573) Twyne &Ae.neid xi. Gg iij, "Here now remaine the spoiles, and hansell, of the hautie kinge [de rege superbo Primiti&ae.] Mezentius loe here lies. "
hang-over hangover .
(1930) L. Denny Amer. conquers Brit. 9 "That easily inspired hatred of Germany remained as a hang-over in America long after it had been thrown over by the British. "
haptophore , [a.] (and [sb.] )
(1938) W. Bulloch Hist. Bacteriol. xi. 275 "Of the two, the haptophore is the more stable. Ehrlich considered that the toxophoric atom group can deteriorate to a non-toxic state although the haptophoric group may at the same time remain unchanged. "
hard , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1886) R. C. Leslie Sea-painter's Log iv. 64 " Well-known sheltered beaches, or `common hards', as they were called. These hards still remain in old seaports. "
hard and fast [a.]
(1895) Ld. C. E. Paget Autobiog. iv. (1896) 80 "Finding the ship hard and fast, he had nothing for it but to remain quietly on board."
hard-boiled [a.]
(1942) Mind LI. 274 "It certainly is difficult to remain a stoic or a cynic, to be `hard-boiled', for a long time. "
hard by [prep.] and [adv.]
(1849) Macaulay Hist. Eng. I. v. 628 "Hard by the remains of Monmouth were laid the remains of Jeffreys."
(1717) Berkeley Tour in Italy 19 Jan. Wks. 1871 IV. 527 "Hard by we saw the remains of the circus of Sallustius. "
harnessed , [ppl. a.]
(1960) Times (Nigeria Suppl.) 29 Sept. p. xxi/4 "The bushbuck, also called harnessed antelope from the pattern of white stripes on its coat, remains widespread."
harrow haro , [int.]
(1862) Ansted Channel Isl. iv. xxiii. (ed. 2) 539 "Encroachments on property are sometimes met by a very peculiar exclamatory appeal, called `Ha! Ro!' repeated thrice. It is considered to be the remains of an old appeal to Rollo, Duke of Normandy, and is followed by action."
hart .
(1851) Dict. Archit., "*Hart's Black, that substance remaining..after the spirits, volatile salt and oil, have been extracted from hartshorn..when..levigated it answers the purpose of painters nearly as well as ivory black. "
hartebeest hartbeest .
(1824) Burchell Trav. II. 99 "One of our party fell in with the fresh remains of a kaama or hartebeest. "
hash , [sb. 1]
(1678) R. L'Estrange Seneca's Mor. (1702) 510 "They are only Hache, made up of the Fragments that remain'd. "
hatchling .
(1955) Sci. Amer. Oct. 98/3 "It is curious that, although the young hatchling in the nest is in great hazard of its life, once it has begun to fly it is extremely unlikely to be lost during the remainder of the dependence period. "
Hattic , [a.]
(1926) D. G. Hogarth Kings of Hittites 8 "Have any remains been revealed which manifestly are Cappadocian Hattic, wholly or in part? "
(1879) Miss Jackson Shropsh. Word-bk., "Hattocks, sheaves of corn inverted over the `mow' to protect it from wet. The two end sheaves of the `mow', which consists of eight sheaves, are taken as hattocks for the remaining six. "
have , [v.]
(1820) Keats Let. 1 Nov. (1931) II. 568, "I should have had her when I was in health, and I should have remained well. "
hawk , [sb. 1]
(1893) Newton Dict. Birds, "Hawk, a word of indefinite meaning, being often used to signify all diurnal Birds-of-Prey which are neither Vultures nor Eagles, and again more exclusively for those of the remainder which are not Buzzards, Falcons, Harriers or Kites."
haze , [sb.]
(1888) Bryce Amer. Commw. III. lxxx. 55 "Nor do their moral and religious impulses remain in the soft haze of self-complacent sentiment."
head , [sb. 1]
(1968) Jazz Monthly Feb. 21/1 "The functional scoring of John's idea, Shorty George and Cherokee was the work of Jimmy Mundy,..the remainder probably being head arrangements. "
(1891) H. Frederick Copperhead (1894) 255 "Reducing what remained of the [pig's] head into small bits, to be seasoned..and then fill other pans as head&dubh.cheese. "
(1620-55) I. Jones Stone-Heng (1725) 40 "There could not possibly be a convenient *Head-height remaining a Passage underneath. "
(1959) J. L. Nayler Dict. Aeronaut. Engin. 128 "Head resistance, a term used for the resistance, or drag at no yaw, of the front part of a projectile, the remainder of the drag being due to skin friction and base drag. "
head-gear .
(1881) Raymond Mining Gloss., "Head-gear, that part of deep-boring apparatus which remains at the surface."
headland .
(1863) Fawcett Pol. Econ. i. vi. 81 "After the centre of the field has been ploughed, the head&dubh.lands will remain to be ploughed separately."
heart , [sb.]
(1918) E. M. Roberts Flying Fighter 201 "After a heart-to-heart talk, I induced him to let me remain in the Flying Service. "
(1945) W. S. Churchill Victory (1946) 223 "The decision..remained nevertheless a heart-shaking risk. "
heartland .
(1949) G. Orwell Nineteen Eighty-Four ii. 189 "The territory which forms the heartland of each super&dubh.state always remains inviolate. "
heath , [sb.]
(1936) Discovery Jan. 25/1 "Only about 50,000 acres of Breckland remain at the present moment as heathland. "
heather .
(1863) J. G. Baker N. Yorksh. 181 "A considerable extent of the surface yet remains as *heatherland. "
heave , [v.]
(1884) Lady Brassey in Gd. Words Mar. 163/1 "We remained hove-to all the next day."
heaven , [sb.]
(1885) J. L. Davies Soc. Quest. 372 "There must always remain a whole heaven of difference between the position of those who know nothing of nature..and that of those who recognise light and guidance..as coming to men from the living God."
heavenward , [adv.] and [a.]
(1799) Campbell Pleas. Hope ii, "I smile on death, if Heaven-ward Hope remain. "
Hebridean , [a.] and [sb.]
(1897) R. H. Story Apostolic Ministry Scot. Church v. 154 "The beehive cells, the remains of which may still be seen in Eilean Naomh and other Hebridean isles. "
hedonistic [a.]
(1874) Sidgwick Meth. Ethics ii. v. §.4. 156 "The moral pain..would be so great as to render the whole remainder of life hedonistically worthless. "
heel , [sb. 1]
(1879) Miss Jackson Shropsh. Word-bk., "Heel, the top crust of a loaf cut off, or the bottom crust remaining."
height , [sb.]
(1704) in B. Church Hist. Philip's War (1867) II. 164 "Carrying the Remainder into Captivity in the heighth of Winter. "
hellish , [a.] ( [adv.] )
(1604) Shaks. Oth. v. ii. 368 "To you, Lord Gouernor, Remaines the Censure of this hellish villaine. "
hemi- , [prefix] .
(1890) W. James Princ. Psychol. I. ii. 44 "According to Loeb, the defect is a dimness of vision (`*hemiamblyopia') in which (however severe) the centres remain the best seeing portions of the retina. "
(1880) Bastian Brain xxv. 547 "In many cases of Hemi-an&ae.sthesia, the viscera remain at least as tender as ever under firm pressure. "
hemi-elytrum .
(1870) Nicholson Zool. 210 "In some of the Hemiptera..the apices [of the anterior wings] remain membranous, and to these the term `hemelytra' is applied. "
hemp , [sb.]
(1753) Chambers Cycl. Supp., s.v., "The remaining plants, which are the female Hemp, called by the farmer Karle-hemp, are to be left till Michaelmas."
hen-peck [sb.]
(1958) Daily Mail 15 July 3/4 "Charmian Eyre..remains disarmingly human at the height of henpeckery."
Hentenian , [a.]
(1902) H. J. White in J. Hastings Dict. Bible IV. 880/2 "The various Hentenian editions remained for some years as the standard text of the Roman Church, but were still private publications. "
hepster .
(1958) Spectator 21 Nov. 702/1 "Yet although jazz seems to have burst out of the locked treasure casket over which an egghead minority of hepsters crooned for so many years, it still remains a curiously unreal cult."
heptarchy .
(1774) Warton Hist. Eng. Poetry (1775) I. 5 "The inhabitants of Cornwall..remained partly in a state of independence during the Saxon heptarchy. "
here , [adv.]
(1605) Shaks. Macb. iv. iii. 148 "Which often since my heere remaine in England, I haue seene him do."
hereafter , [adv.] ( [a.] , [sb.] )
(1576) Fleming Panopl. Epist. 68 "So would I have you thinke mee to be, at this present, and for ever hereafter to remaine. "
aliHerma .
(1850) Leitch Mü.ller's Anc. Art §.345. 412 "The isolated statue was historically developed from the pillar; the Herma remained as an intermediate step, inasmuch as it placed a human head on a pillar having the proportions of the human form."
heterogeneous , [a.]
(1902) Encycl. Brit. XXVIII. 567/2 "In the case of crystalline fusion it is necessary to distinguish two cases, the Homogeneous and the Heterogeneous... In the second case, the solid and liquid phases differ in composition; that of the liquid phase changes continuously, and the temperature does not remain constant during the fusion. "
heterogonic , [a.]
(1924) Nature 20 Dec. 895/1 "Whereas in the male the ratio abdomen-breadth: carapace-breadth remained constant, in the female it increased continuously... P&eacu.zard (1918) has styled the growth of such an organ heterogonic. "
heterotic , [a.]
(1914) Zeitschr. f. induktive Abstammungs- und Vererbungslehre XII. 127 "A highly heterotic plant..because of its unusual vigor may develop branches from buds which in a weaker plant would remain dormant. "
hevea .
(1927) Daily Tel. 11 May 3/4 "The rest would be dug up after the present season, and rubber planted in its stead, as the hevea trees remaining were widely spaced. "
hex , [sb. 1]
(1928) Daily Express 10 Dec. 11/1 "York County's early settlers were Germans, and their present-day descendants still remain under the spell of medieval German necromancy. One of their sacred words is `hex', said to be corrupt German for witch. "
hexagram .
(1863) R. Townsend Mod. Geom. I. 145 "In a hexastigm or hexagram every triangle determined by three points or lines is said to be the opposite of that determined by the remaining three. "
hexaploid , [a.] and [sb.]
(1921) Ann. Bot. XXXV. 185 "The remainder of the tetraploids, the whole of the pentaploids and hexaploids, showed a partial reduction involving fourteen or twenty-eight chromosomes. "
Hezbollah .
(1986) Daily Tel. 23 July 17/8 "The southern suburbs [of Beirut]..remain exclusively controlled by the pro-Iranian Hizbollah (party of God) militia which is totally opposed to the Syrian move. "
hibernal , [a.]
(1646) Sir T. Browne Pseud. Ep. iv. xiii. 225 "[The dog-star] should rather manifest its warming power in the winter, when it remaines conjoyned with the Sun in its Hybernall conversion. "
hickey , [sb.]
(1961) H. B. Jacobson Mass Communications Dict. 163 "Hickey. 1. Slang term for slight tears or rips in wet collodion or stripfilm negatives, or for small `runs' or blemishes in sensitized coatings. 2. A speck on the printing area of an engraving that remains after the etch. Must be routed off. "
(1517) in Plead. Duchy Lancast. (1896) I. 70, "[60 others, who remained] in Hiddelles [near the said tenement]."
high , [a.] and [sb. 2]
(1927) J. Galsworthy Castles in Spain 169 "A true work of art remains beautiful and living, though an ebb tide of fashion may leave it for the moment high and dry on the beach. "
hill [v. 2]
(1577) B. Googe Heresbach's Husb. ii. (1586) 62 b, "Set in grounde well covered with..moulde, and afterwarde hilled, and so suffered to remaine al Winter. "
himp [v.]
(1542) Udall Erasm. Apoph. 206 "The deformitee and disfigure of hymping on the one legge..did still remain. "
hinder end hinder-end
(1825) Brockett, "Hinder-ends, refuse of corn-such as remains after it is winnowed. "
hippeastrum .
(1938) A. G. L. Hellyer Your Garden Week by Week 102 "Start the remaining hippeastrum bulbs into growth now. "
hippo .
(1893) Selous Trav. S.E. Africa 65 "Our guide now wished me to remain here that I might look for the hippos."
hippopotamic , [a.]
(1785) J. Douglas Antiq. Earth 9 "These hippopotamic remains being discovered petrified. "
Hirschsprung .
(1949) Lancet 1 Jan. 10/2 "A considerable proportion of cases of megacolon (not being Hirschsprung's disease) remain in the residual `idiopathic' group. "
(1971) Jrnl. Insect Physiol. XVII. 862 "Approximately 10 per cent of the histochemically identifiable lysosomal phosphatase remains in tissue fragments attached to the silk. "
histogenetic , [a.]
(1885) Encycl. Brit. XVIII. 4002 "Histogenetically, they [connective tissues] are the remains of that..embryonic tissue from which the blood-channels themselves were made."
historiated , [ppl. a.]
(1895) M. R. James Abbey St. Edmund 131 "At Amiens four portions of a like historiated screen remain."
history , [sb.]
(1963) Listener 28 Feb. 384/3 "He [sc. Degas] remains..even when he is no longer a painter of `histories', a profoundly reactionary figure."
hit , [v.]
(1892) Daily News 1 Sept. 4/5 "Yorkshire..in the time remaining..hit off 56 of these for the loss of two batsmen."
Hittorf .
(1909) Jrnl. Amer. Chem. Soc. XXXI. 351 (heading, ) "The ordinary transference number (TH) for concentrated solutions, as obtained by the Hittorf method, is erroneous in cases where the ions are hydrated, since it is calculated on the assumption that the water remains stationary during the passage of the current. "
hoastman .
(1893) Northumbld. Gloss. s.v., "The term hoastman has long ceased to describe the profession of coal-shipper or `engrosser' of the commodities enumerated in the charter of incorporation..The Company of Hoastmen remains simply the premier Incorporated Company of Newcastle, and election to its membership is a much coveted honour."
hobbler (2) .
(1885) Morn. Post Aug., "The men were all paid off, and four hobblers were engaged to perform the necessary work while the vessel remained in port. "
(1843) J. H. Greene Expos. Arts Gambling 166 "Hockley, signifies the last card but one, the chance of which the banker claims, and may refuse to let any punter withdraw a card when eight or less remain to be dealt. "
(1895) Manson Sporting Dict. 58 (Faro), "Hock or Hockelty card, the last card remaining in the box, after the deal has been made."
hockly , [sb.]
(1850) Bohn's Hand-bk. Games 337 "Hockly, a Certainty, signifies the last card but one, the chance of which the banker claims, and may refuse to let any punter withdraw a card when eight or less remain to be dealt."
hog , [sb. 1]
(1884) York Herald 26 Aug. 7/3 "The trade in wool remains firm..all hog made from 11s. to 12s. 3d. per stone."
hog , [v. 1]
(1772-84) Cook Voy. (1790) V. 1726 "Remaining part some&dubh.what resembled the crest of their caps, or that which, in horses manes, is called hogging. "
Holbein .
(1931) A. U. Dilley Oriental Rugs &. Carpets vi. 146 "The oldest group of rugs remaining to us of the weavings of the Ottoman Turks..are the fifteenth-century products now handsomely called Holbein rugs in compliment to Hans Holbein the Younger. "
hold , [v.]
(1880) A. Brown New Law Dict. (ed. 2), "Holding over, this is the phrase commonly used to denote that a tenant remains in possession of lands or houses after the determination of his term therein."
holding , [vbl. sb.]
(1958) Chambers's Techn. Dict. 985/1 "Holding pattern, a specified flight track..which an aircraft may be required to maintain about a holding point. Holding point, an identifiable point, such as a radio beacon, in the vicinity of which an aircraft under air traffic control may be instructed to remain. "
hollow , [a.] and [adv.]
(1706) Phillips (ed. Kersey) s.v. Tower, "*Hollow Tower (in Fortif.), a Rounding made of the remainder of two Brisures, to joyn the Courtin to the Orillon; where the Small-Shot are plac'd that they may not be too much expos'd to the Enemies View. "
holocaust , [sb.]
(A. 1711) Ken Anodynes Poet. Wks. 1721 III. 477 "While I thy Holocaust remain. "
home , [sb. 1] and [a.]
(1874) Green Short Hist. vii. §.5. 386 "The South and the West still remained..the great homes of mining and manufacturing activity. "
(1853) Mrs. Gaskell Ruth III. viii. 230 "Leonard's remaining such a home-bird..with such a mother..will do him no harm. "
homestead , [sb.]
(1693) Providence (R.I.) Rec. (1893) IV. 92 "We..have..sold..all the remaining part of our home stead or house lott. "
hominy .
(1672) Josselyn New Eng. Rarities 101 "They beat the corn in a mortar and sift the flower out of it: the remainder they call Homminey. "
(1956) Nature 17 Mar. 529/2 "These thoracic responses also remained when the major portion of the homolateral corpora pedunculata was removed. "
(1959) P. B. Medawar in L. A. Peer Transplantation of Tissues II. ii. 41 "Homovital grafts start alive and..remain so, but homostatic grafts are progressively revitalized by the tissues of their hosts."
homocentric , [a.] and [sb.]
(1886) C. M. Culver tr. Landolt's Refraction &. Accommodation of Eye i. 13 "In order that the homocentric rays may remain homocentric, the surface must have such a form that the angles of incidence shall be everywhere the same. "
(1896) E. B. Wilson Cell ix. 305 "Mitotic division is conceived [by Weismann] as an apparatus which may distribute the elements of the chromatin to the daughter nuclei either equally or unequally. In the former case (`hom&oe.okinesis', integral or quantitative division), the resulting nuclei remain precisely equivalent. "
homonomy .
(1888) Rolleston &. Jackson Anim. Life 147 "The larva..has a somewhat vermiform appearance owing to the great homonomy or similarity of the remaining somites."
homonymous , [a.]
(1876) Douse Grimm's L. §.17. 34 "The meanings of the several primitives are in general so widely different that the homonymous derivatives remain to all time clearly distinguished in use."
homotypic , [a.]
(1931) W. C. Allee Animal Aggregations i. 15 "Homotypical associations consist of members of the same species which have arisen either sexually or asexually, which may have remained together because they are the offspring of the same parent, or which may have become accidentally associated together although of different parentage."
homozygote .
(1949) Darlington &. Mather Elem. Genetics xiii. 279 "The homozygotic potential will remain as such so long as cross-breeding is absent or at least restricted to like homozygotes. "
(1957) C. H. Waddington Strategy of Genes ii. 48 "Further, gene-fixation and the passage to homozygosity, will be still more delayed if the environment does not remain perfectly uniform. "
honour honor , [sb.]
(1853) Stocqueler Mil. Dict. s.v., "In another sense, the `honours of war' signifyeth compliments which are paid to great personages, military characters, etc., when they appear before any armed body of men; or such as are given to the remains of a deceased officer.-Military Honours, are salutations to crowned heads and officers of rank, by dropping colours and standards, officers saluting, bands playing, artillery discharging salvoes, etc. "
honourable honorable , [a.] ( [sb.] , [adv.] )
(1675) tr. Machiavelli's Prince vi. (1883) 41 "They remain..honourable and happy."
hood , [sb. 1]
(1887) S. Chesh. Gloss. s.v., "The two end sheaves of the hattock are used as hoods for the remaining six. "
hook-up .
(1922) L. D. Brigham How to make Vacuum Wireless Receiving Sets 39 "The remainder of the hook-up is just like the other amplifier hook-ups. "
hope , [v.]
(1676) Dryden Aurengz. iv. i, "Strange cozenage! none would live past years again; Yet all hope pleasure in what yet remain. "
horizon , [sb.]
(1959) J. D. Clark Prehist. S. Afr. iv. 90 "Nitrogen tests confirm that the remains are contemporary with the horizon in which they were found. "
horizontal , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1931) H. G. Wells Work, Wealth &. Happiness of Mankind (1932) xi. 540 "The only remaining physical differences between man and woman are becoming horizontal, i.e., differences between individuals in the same class, and not vertical differences, in which all women are put below all men, or vice versa. "
horse , [sb.]
(1788) Grose Milit. Antiq. II. 200 "The remains of a wooden horse was standing on the parade at Portsmouth, about the year 1760. "
(1958) Listener 7 Aug. 207/1 "Keats' letters remain the horse's mouth. "
(1968) R. H. Bacon Car ii. 17 "The power developed in the cylinder..is called the indicated horsepower or i.h.p. Some of this power is absorbed by the friction of various parts of the engine. The power remaining, that is the power that can be used for work, is called the brake horsepower or b.h.p. "
horst .
(1893) Q. Jrnl. Geol. Soc. XLIX. 77 "We have, therefore, sunken massifs both west and east of the Dü.rrenstein; that mountain itself remains at a higher level between the two, and may be called a `Horst' in the sense originally applied by Suess. "
hosteler .
(1577) Harrison England ii. iii. (1877) i. 87 "The students also that remaine in them, are called hostelers or halliers. Hereof it came of late to passe, that..Thomas late arch&dubh.bishop of Canturburie, being brought vp at such an house at Cambridge, was of the ignorant sort of Londoners called an `hosteler', supposing that he had serued..in the stable. "
hot , [a.] ( [sb. 2] )
(1946) Sci. News Let. 10 Aug. 84/1 "A large part of Bikini lagoon remained..`hot' with radioactivity. "
house , [sb. 1]
(1892) Chamb. Jrnl. 20 Feb. 114/2 "Those who remain..for the sake of `keeping a house'."
(1958) Listener 13 Nov. 762/2 "Galileo lived the remaining years of his life under house arrest. "
(1966) J. R. Busvine Insects &. Hygiene (ed. 2) xiii. 354 "The house moths are probably species which originated as feeders on dry vegetable matter and have become adapted to dry animal remains. "
housemate .
(1882) Hall Caine D. G. Rossetti 273 "Remaining..in the same mind relative to our mutual housemating."
hover , [v. 1]
(1967) Jane's Surface Skimmer Systems 1967-68 31/2 "Echo sounding transducers..will remain immersed whether the craft is `hovering' or underway. "
hovering , [vbl. sb.]
(1916) M. A. S. Riach Air-Screws ix. 113 "The value of (V) is zero, and the machine remains stationary. This is the condition already established for `hovering' flight. "
howgozit .
(1941) Jrnl. R. Aeronaut. Soc. XLV. 308 "The `Howgozit Curve' was developed by our ocean captains... Its purpose is to present..a continuous flow of information as to the fuel reserve remaining aboard the aircraft and the fuel required for completion of the flight to destination, or back to the point of departure. "
huaca .
(1875) Encycl. Brit. II. 452/2 "The most interesting remains in Peru are those called Huacas; but whether they were forts, or palaces, or tombs, is not as yet clearly ascertained. "
hubbub .
(1812) H. &. J. Smith Rej. Addr., Rebuilding, "Better remain by rubbish guarded, Than thus hubbubish groan placarded. "
Hudson seal
(1936) D. McCowan Animals Canad. Rockies xv. 134 "When a muskrat skin has been tanned and the coarse outer hair removed the remaining soft silky undercoat is known to furriers as Hudson seal. "
hulk , [sb. 1]
(1827) Clare Sheph. Cal. 32 "Shepherds, that within their hulks remain."
hulk , [sb. 2]
(1864) Chambers' Bk. of Days II. 67/2 "It was as a means of devising a severe mode of punishment short of death that the Hulks on the Thames were introduced, in 1776... These prison-ships have sometimes been constructed for this special purpose, and yet the term `hulk' remains in use as a short and easy designation. "
hulk , [v. 2]
(1881) Raymond Mining Gloss., "Dzhu, to cut ahead on one side of a face, so as to increase the efficacy of blasting on the remainder..Also called to hulk."
human , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1883) Fairbairn City of God iii. i. 230 "The ideal of manhood He [Christ] created..remains the regnant ideal of man, the humanest men being the men who realize it."
humanistic [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1968) H. J. Eysenck in A. J. Ayer Humanist Outlook 271 "The future of humanistic thought on this subject is completely bound up with the growth of psychological knowledge-without this it must remain nothing more than an alternative superstition."
humanize , [v.]
(1614) Earl Stirling Domes-day v. (R.), "When humaniz'd our Saviour did remaine. "
hummock .
(1793) Smeaton Edystone L. 197 "In 1773 the..boundary of the Sand Hommacks remained nearly the same..but now..the sand hommacks had established themselves. "
humorism .
(1897) Mark Twain Notebook (1935) 335 "In a dream I have at last encountered a humorism that actually remained one after waking. "
humpenscrump .
(1923) R. J. E. Tiddy Mummers' Play 172, "I old father scrump with a bell on my rump... A man..kicked a hump up on to my shoulder and there remains the hump now. "
hung , [ppl. a.]
(1848) E. Bryant California (1849) xxvi. 291 "The jury..were what is called `hung'; they could not agree, and the matters in issue, therefore, remained exactly where they were. "
hunting , [vbl. sb.]
(1932) Discovery Oct. 331/1 "There was no suggestion of `hunting' and the image remained exactly central in the [television] screen for the whole half hour. "
(1950) Gloss. Aeronaut. Terms (B.S.I.) 8 "Hunting, an uncontrolled oscillation about the flight path, the amplitude of which remains approximately constant. "
hurry , [sb.]
(1789) Mad. D'Arblay Diary 18 Feb., "He found nothing now remaining of the disorder, but too much hurry of spirits."
hurt , [v.]
(1622) R. Hawkins Voy. S. Sea xli. 99 "Arrowes..headed with a flint stone, which is loose, and hurting, the head remaineth in the wound."
husbandrize [v.]
(1653) Blithe Eng. Improv. Impr. (ed. 3) 58 "There will be enough for many years of the other two sorts [of land] remain to husbandrize, and toss and tumble up and down."
hut , [sb.]
(1865) Lubbock Preh. Times 63 "There are..other remains of great interest, such, for example, as..the `*Hut-circles'. "
(1913) Rep. Brit. Assoc. Adv. Sci. 205 "The district is rich in prehistoric remains, including some hut circles. "
(1802) Barrington Hist. N.S. Wales x. 390 "Hut-keepers to remain at home and prevent robbery, while the other inhabitants of the hut were at labour. "
hut , [v.]
(1758) Smollett Hist. E. (1841) III. xxvi. 300 "They were obliged to hut their camp, and remain in the open fields till January. "
hydathode .
(1967) C. D. Sculthorpe Biol. Aquatic Vasc. Plants iv. 90 "The possibility remains that the hydathodes [of water plants] are functionless relict structures."
hydro- ,
(1955) Deep-Sea Research III. (Suppl.) 170 "A jelly bottle..will remain uncongealed long enough to permit slope determinations to be made of *hydrowires. "
(1841) Brande Chem. 1031 "Hydrofluate of ammonia remains in solution."
hydropic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1880) Gunther Fishes 122 "The young..remain in an undeveloped condition, assuming an hydropic appearance."
hydroplane , [sb.]
(1954) K. C. Barnaby Basic Naval Archit. (ed. 2) vi. 93 "In the submerged condition, there usually remains a small excess of buoyancy... This is overcome by means of the horizontal diving rudders or `hydroplanes'."
Hydrozoa , [sb. pl.]
(1870) Nicholson Man. Zool. I. 96 "There are no fossil remains which would be universally conceded to be of a Hydrozoal nature. "
hyeto- ,
(1886) H. R. Mill in Encycl. Brit. XX. 257/1 "In Hermann's `*hyetometrograph', 1789, a fixed funnel conducts the rain into one of twelve glasses placed on the circumference of a horizontal wheel, which is turned by clockwork, so that each glass remains under the funnel for one hour."
hyomandibular , [a.] and [sb.]
(1875) Huxley in Encycl. Brit. I. 765/2 "A hyomandibular artery..appears to represent the remains of the hyoidean and mandibular aortic arches. "
hyper- , [prefix] ,
(1966) A. Prince Alloy Phase Equilibria vi. 107 "Hyper-eutectoid alloys on cooling from the austenite phase region deposit cementite over a range of temperature until A 1 is reached. As before, the remaining austenite then transforms to pearlite. "
(1937) Physiol. Abstr. XXII. 528 "It [sc. rectal temperature] may remain low during intense *hypermetabolism. "
(1968) G. Pickering High Blood Pressure (ed. 2) i. 3 "There remains a large residue in which no specific lesion can be found-hyperpiesis, primary hypertension, essential hypertension, high blood pressure without evident cause. "
(1973) Art &. Artists Mar. 51 "The hyperreal still remained obscured by a dream of contact, which was perhaps the message of the artists involved. "
hyperostosis .
(1897) Allbutt Syst. Med. III. 117 "When the hyperostoses are large they remain in a modified form."
hypertrophy , [sb.]
(1866-80) A. Flint Princ. Med. (ed. 5) 41 "The term hypertrophy is applied to enlargement of a part from an increase of its normal constituents, the structure and arrangement remaining essentially unaltered. "
hypno- ,
(1889) Bennett &. Murray Cryptog. Bot. 266 "It [the zygosperm] then remains dormant through the winter as a resting cell or *hypnosperm, germinating in the spring."
hypobromous , [a.]
(1865-72) Watts Dict. Chem. III. 237 "Half the bromine is precipitated as bromide of silver, while the other half remains in solution as hypobromous acid. "
hypocaust .
(1887) Encycl. Brit. XXII. 579/1 "In the remains of Roman Villas found in Britain the hypocaust is an invariable feature. "
hypodermic , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1877) Huxley Anat. Inv. Anim. ix. 592 "It remained hypodermic, spreading out between the ectoderm and the endoderm of the hydroid. "
hypogean , [a.]
(1855) Mayne Expos. Lex., "Hypogeus, applied to certain cotyledons which..remain below the ground during germination: hypogean. "
hypoplastic , [a.]
(1877) tr. H. von Ziemssen's Cycl. Pract. Med. XVI. 543 "The sexual organs will remain relatively hypoplastic, or will be late in arriving at functional maturity. "
hypothecary , [a.]
(1855) Lorenz tr. Van der Keessel's Select Theses dccclxxiv, "How can the hypothecary action against the same debtor remain for a period of forty years? "
hypothecation .
(1681) Stair Instit. i. xiii. §.15 (1693) 122 "With us there remains the Tacit Hypothecation of the Fruits on the Ground..belonging to the Possessor, for the Terms or the Years Rent. "
hypothermia .
(1961) Lancet 2 Dec. 1216/2 "The complete absence of residual signs of cerebral dysfunction was particularly noteworthy in one patient who remained hypothermic and unconscious for seven days."
hypothesis .
(1843) Mill Logic iii. xiv. §.4 "It appears..to be a condition of a genuinely scientific hypothesis, that it be not destined always to remain an hypothesis, but be of such a nature as to be either proved or disproved by that comparison with observed facts which is termed Verification. "
(1788) T. Jefferson Writ. (1859) II. 431 "The blank..must remain for some happier hypothesist to fill up."
hypsi- ,
(1871) Huxley Anat. Vert. v. 263 "It remains to be seen how far the *hypsilophodont modification extended among the Ornithoscelida. "
I ,
(1947) Times 15 May 5/7 "Resettlement will still remain one of the main features of the *I.R.O. "
Ibanag , [sb.] and [a.]
(1901) Rep. Philippine Comm. III. 405 "In order to state very briefly how the remaining Philippine languages or dialects are related we select from among them some of the principal ones... These are the Ibanag and Ilocano, of North Luzon. "
Ibibio , [sb.] and [a.]
(1822) J. Adams Sk. Voy. Afr. v. 77 "Three-fourths of all the negroes sold at Bonny were Heebos, the remaining fourth was composed of..the Ibbiby. "
Ibsenism .
(1970) Daily Tel. 30 Oct. 12/2 "The play..remained Scandinavian in..its Ibsenite thesis that the truth is dangerous to man's precarious happiness. "
ice , [sb.]
(1969) Times 15 Nov. 10/8 "Only one skater now remains of that team of six brilliant ice dancers. "
iceberg .
(1830) Edin. Encycl. XVII. 12/1 "The floating iceberg remains to be considered... In many parts of the Antarctic regions, they are met with in vast numbers, and of a prodigious size. "
(1909) Sat. Even. Post 15 May 11/2 "The remainder is about equally divided among popcorn, ice cream cones, and candy. "
(1857) G. F. McDougall Eventful Voy. `Resolute' 426 "The remains of two ice houses yet existed, but were rapidly thawing away, under the influence of the heat of the sun. "
Icenian , [sb.] and [a.]
(1830) Forby's Vocab. E. Anglia, Mem. p. xxxix, "With only one more extract I will close what remains to be said respecting the Icenian Glossary. "
(C. 1873) A. D. Bayne Royal Illustr. Hist. E. Eng. I. 393 "Some Icenic names are supposed to remain in several towns of Norfolk and Suffolk. "
(A. 1849) H. Coleridge Ess. (1851) I. 70 "Now nothing remains to be discovered but the sandy deserts of Central Africa, and the inaccessible ice-rocks of the North Pole. "
(1842) Jrnl. R. Agric. Soc. III. i. 37, "I offered a conjecture, that those larv&ae. which entered the ground had been `ichneumonized', whilst those which remained encased and in the ears would be found uninjured. "
icicle .
(1579) Spenser Sheph. Cal. Jan. 36 "Whose drops in drery ysicles remaine. "
iconography .
(1809) Kendall Trav. III. lxxviii. 213 "An elaborate monument of some transaction of which no other trace remains to elucidate this imperfect iconography. "
idea , [sb.]
(1594) Spenser Amoretti xlv, "Within my hart..The fayre Idea of your celestiall hew..remaines immortally. "
idealist .
(1803) W. Taylor in Monthly Mag. XV. 321 "Nothing would remain tenable..but the system of the idealists. "
identically , [adv.]
(1884) tr. Lotze's Logic 328 "If this force is of such a kind as to allow the object exposed to its influence to remain identically the same, the same effect would take place afresh in the object every fresh time we let the same cause operate on it."
identific [a.]
(1668) H. More Div. Dial. i. xxvii. (1713) 57 "That Extension which remains to you whether you will or no, is really and identifically coincident with the Amplitude of the Essence of God. "
identity .
(1839) Murchison Silur. Syst. i. xxxv. 474 "The organic remains are of great interest in establishing the geological identity between the coal measures of the Dudley district and those of distant parts of Great Britain. "
ideological [a.]
(1971) Daily Tel. 3 Apr. 10/5 "The Soviet system remains ideologically and politically committed to the destruction of our way of life."
idiot , [sb.]
(1611) Panegyr. Verses in Coryat's Crudities, "For he would not Take orders but remaine an Idiote. "
idle , [a.] ( [sb.] ).
(1884) S. P. Thompson Dynamo-Electr. Machinery vii. 126 "The advantage originally claimed for this construction, namely, that it allows less of the total length of wire to remain `idle' on the inner side of the ring, is rather imaginary than real. "
idol , [sb.]
(C. 1585) R. Browne Answ. Cartwright 34 "What remaineth but an Idol or counterfet christ? "
(1972) R. Inst. Philos. Lect. V. 34 "An integer n is prime iff the only integers which divide it without remainder are itself and one."
(1582) N. Lichefield tr. Castanheda's Conq. E. Ind. lxxix. 163 "With this spoyle the king..remained so *ill contented. "
illite .
(1937) R. E. Grim et al. in Amer. Mineralogist XXII. 816 "There remains only the alternative of giving a new name to the mica occurring in argillaceous sediments, and the term illite, taken from the State of Illinois, is here proposed. It is not proposed as a specific mineral name, but as a general term for the clay mineral constituent of argillaceous sediments belonging to the mica group. "
illusioned , [ppl. a.]
(1971) Guardian 11 Oct. 10 "We remain totally illusioned..about the general good intentions of those who practise the art of government."
Illyrian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1965) New Cambr. Mod. Hist. IX. xi. 331 "The Illyrian provinces taken from Austria in 1809 remained directly under the control of Napoleon through a governor-general."
imaginary , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1882) Minchin Unipl. Kinemat. 215 "The remaining portion of this equipotential locus is..the (imaginary) circle which cuts the circle of poles orthogonally."
imagination .
(1639) T. Brugis tr. Camus' Mor. Relat. 320 "The very features of the faces..remained so ingraven in his imagination. "
imbalance .
(1953) Manch. Guardian Weekly 7 May 3/3 "Which will prevent their own budgets from remaining in disastrous imbalance. "
imitate , [v.]
(1727) De Foe Syst. Magic i. iii. (1840) 76 "It remains a question here, by what power..the magicians of Egypt..in short mimicked or imitated the miracles of Moses and Aaron. "
immanent , [a.]
(1898) J. R. Illingworth Divine Immanence iii. 71 "It remains then that we..conceive of God as at once transcending and immanent in nature."
immanentism .
(1945) Mind LIV. 275 "Immanence and transcendence are logical complementaries, and..few thinkers can long afford to remain mere immanentists or mere transcendentists. "
immature , [a.]
(1904) L. W. Fox Dis. Eye xii. 311 "The special difficulties..in removing a cataract before maturity are that parts of the cortex, clear at the time of operation, will remain adherent to the capsule of the lens, and later undergo the process of opacification... Some operators, however, operate on immature cataracts, washing out the tenacious material with a syringe. "
immedicable , [a.]
(1813) Coleridge Lett. (1895) 612 "There remains an immedicable But. "
immerd , [v.]
(1875) Browning Aristoph. Apol. 1660 "Make a muckheap of a man, There..he remains, Immortally immerded."
immigrant , [a.] and [sb.]
(1971) Economist 12 June 31/2 "Those [sc. children] born in England to immigrant parents cease to be classified as immigrant school-children after their parents have been here 10 years, while those born overseas remain within the category no matter how long they have been in England. "
immobilism .
(1955) Times 5 May 10/7 "The Radicals..wished to remain a party of the left; social and political immobilisme (opposition to progress) was the best ally of Communism. "
immune , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1881) Local Govt. Board, Rep. Medical Officer 200 "Pasteur further states that the animals inoculated with the mitigated virus remain immune against further attacks of anthrax. "
(1951) Whitby &. Hynes Med. Bacteriol. (ed. 5) viii. 105 "After an epidemic the community remains free from that disease until the proportion of immunes declines and the density of susceptibles is once more raised to pre-epidemic level."
immunity .
(1896) Allbutt Syst. Med. I. 564 "The animal remains passive while the immunity-conferring substances are applied to its tissues."
immuno- ,
(1965) Jrnl. Immunol. XCV. 1019/1 "The mechanism of acriflavine-induced immunosuppression remains unknown. "
immutable , [a.]
(1710) Prideaux Orig. Tithes iv. 170 "This grant shall remain firm, and immutable. "
impact , [sb.]
(1969) Ld. Mountbatten in Times (India Suppl.) 13 Oct. p. i/1 "He [sc. Gandhi] made such an impact on me that his memory will forever remain fresh in my mind. "
impanate , [ppl. a.]
(A. 1555) Ridley Wks. (Parker Soc.) 34 "Saying: `We grant the nature of bread remaineth..and yet the corporeal substance of the bread therefore is gone, lest two bodies should be confused together, and Christ should be thought impanate'. "
imparticipable , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1868) Cussans Her. xvi. 191 "The title being imparticipable, it must necessarily remain unattached."
impassiveness .
(1648) W. Mountague Devout Ess. i. vi. §.1. 53 "The power of remaining in a calme apathy and impassivenesse in all offencive emergencies. "
impenetrably , [adv.]
(1759) Robertson Hist. Scot. (1813) II. viii. 43 "The whole transaction remained as impenetrably dark as ever. "
imperfect , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1832) Pinnock L. Murray's Eng. Gram. viii. §.6. 129 "The Imperfect Tense represents the action or event, either as past and finished or as remaining unfinished at a certain time past. "
imperforate , [a.]
(1877) Ll. Jewitt Half-hours among Eng. Antiq. 180 "The use of these large imperforate beads..remains a mystery. "
impermixt [a.]
(1636) Featly Clavis Myst. xix. 188 "Where divers candles..in a room concur to enlighten the place, the light of them remaineth impermixt. "
implacable , [a.]
(1875) Stubbs Const. Hist. II. xvi. 325 "The earl of Warwick remained implacable."
implantable , [a.]
(1972) Physics Bull. June 336/2 "Since there is no sign of complex implantable functioning organs at the present stage of medical engineering technology, devices which replace heart, lung, kidney or liver remain outside the body."
implicate , [v.]
(1859) Mill Liberty v. (1865) 60/2 "This question presents no difficulty, so long as the will of all the persons implicated remains unaltered. "
imponderable , [a.] and [sb.]
(1963) D. W. &. E. E. Humphries tr. Termier's Erosion &. Sedimentation x. 194 "They [sc. stratification joints] seem to result from those `imponderable' particles..which remain in suspension."
importunate , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(A. 1674) Clarendon Hist. Reb. xiv. §.136 "The Earl remain'd in London whilst the enquiry was warm and importunate. "
impracticable , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1838) W. Irving in Life &. Lett. (1866) III. 123 "Millions of acres which might..have remained idle and impracticable wastes."
impregnation .
(1838) T. Thomson Chem. Org. Bodies 397 "The least period that this impregnation is allowed to remain."
impress [sb. 4]
(1600) E. Blount tr. Conestaggio 28 "He gave them impresse, and they remained for his service. "
imprint , [v.]
(1561) T. Norton Calvin's Inst. i. 53 "Euen in the vices themselues there remain emprinted some leauinges thereof. "
imprison , [v.]
(1610) Shaks. Temp. i. ii. 278 "She did confine thee..Into a clouen Pyne, within which rift Imprison'd, thou didst painefully remaine A dozen yeeres. "
improvement .
(1841) W. Deans Let. 25 Mar. in J. Deans Pioneers of Canterbury (1937) 33 "Mr. Molesworth let a town acre of his for &pstlg.240..for 14 years, buildings and improvements to remain at the end of the lease. "
impulse , [sb.]
(1929) T. M. Naylor Steam Turbines i. 4 "Combination turbines or disc and drum turbines, as they are often called, are a combination of impulse and reaction types of turbine. The first part of the turbine is impulse, and the remainder of the turbine is reaction, so that this type of turbine might be called impulse-reaction. "
in .
(1868) W. James Let. 5 Apr. in R. B. Perry Tht. &. Char. W. James (1935) I. xv. 269 "To the Greeks a thing was evil only transiently and accidentally... Bystanders could remain careless and untouched-no after-brooding, no disinterested hatred of it in se, and questioning of its right to darken the world. "
(1894) Nation (N.Y.) 31 May 405/1 "What actually remains in situ is the walls of the foundations."
(1860) Once a Week 21 July 95/2, "I fully admit that in later years we are all of us apt to grow sentimental about the traditions of our respective schools-I merely deny that we do so whilst we remain in statu pupillari. "
(1871) A. Meadows Manual of Midwifery (ed. 2) iii. ii. 156 "The placenta, which..still remains for awhile in utero. "
(1615) J. Chamberlain in Crt. &. Times Jas. I (1848) I. 362 "The place of Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports hath..remained in the lord chamberlain's hands as *in deposito. "
inactive , [a.]
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) III. 231 "The title to a barony, which has descended upon, and is vested in coheirs, remains in them in an inactive and dormant state. "
(1853) L. Pasteur in Chem. Gaz. 1 Sept. 323 "The latter [body]..resists isomeric transformation, and remaining without alteration in the quinicine, gives this its feeble deviation to the right. The other group, which..is very active, becomes inactive when the quinine is heated so as to become converted into quinicine; so that quinicine is nothing but quinine in which one of the active constituent groups has become inactive. "
inactivity .
(1791) Mackintosh Vind. Gallic&ae. i. (1837) 44 "The Commons, faithful to their system, remained in a wise and masterly inactivity, which tacitly reproached the arrogant assumption of the Nobles. "
inalienable , [a.]
(C. 1645) Howell Lett. (1650) II. x. 18 "Their youth shall last alwaies with their lust, and love shall be satiated with onely one, where it shall remain inalienable. "
inapprehensive , [a.]
(1651-3) Jer. Taylor Serm. for Year i. v. 63 "[They] remain stupid and inapprehensive. "
inawe enawe , [v.]
(1645-6) Sir W. Brereton Let. to Lenthall 336 "Many of the citizens [of Chester] remain still so enthralled and enawed as that they dare not oppose nor resist."
incarnate , [a.]
(1871) Tylor Prim. Cult. II. 98 "To remain incarnate in the memory of friends is something."
incendiate [v.]
(1922) Joyce Ulysses 702 "The carbonised remains of an incendiated edifice."
incentive , [a.] and [sb.]
(1603) Holland Plutarch's Mor. 1143 "Pythia the Priestresse of Apollo, being once come downe from her three footed fabricke, upon which she receiveth that incentive spirit of furie, remaineth quiet. "
inception .
(1841) Peacock Stat. Cambridge 11 "There yet remained to be performed [before creation] the exercises of inception or commencement. "
inch , [sb. 1]
(1846) J. Baxter Libr. Pract. Agric. (ed. 4) II. 353 "The smaller bone-dust is ground the more effective it is as a manure..on the other hand large or drilled or *inch-bones, as they are called, remain longer in the soil undecomposed, but produce less immediate effect. On these accounts bone-dust is the more valuable manure for turnips, and inch-bones for wheat. "
Inche .
(1834) P. J. Begbie Malayan Peninsula ii. 83 "It now only remains to mention the fate of Inchi Oowan Saban. "
incitation .
(1881) Lincoln tr. Trousseau &. Pidoux's Therapeutics (ed. 9) III. 297 "Brown was sometimes right in the pathological order, if the incitation is repeated and remains the same."
incivility .
(1663) Blair Autobiog. iii. (1848) 57 "The northern Irishes remaining obdured in their idleness and incivility. "
inclination .
(1664) Power Exp. Philos. iii. 167 "The Angles of Inclination and Elevation will remain the same. "
incoagulable , [a.]
(1672) Boyle Ess. Gems i. Wks. 1772 III. 527 "The remaining and incoagulable part of it may have been imbibed by the ambient air. "
incoctible [a.]
(1684) tr. Bonet's Merc. Compit. ix. 323 "The Flower remains crude, incoctible, and insuperable."
incognito , [a.] , [adv.] , [sb.]
(1864) Linnet's Trial I. i. iii. 72, "I only came for a couple of days..and I intended to have remained incognito."
incognoscible , [a.]
(A. 1843) Southey Doctor (1847) VI. Archch. 205 "Incognito I am and wish to be, and incognoscible it is in my power to remain."
incompacted [a.]
(1680) Boyle Scept. Chem. v. Wks. 1772 I. 546 "The other four elements might indeed be variously and loosely blended together, but would remain incompacted."
incompatible , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1722) De Foe Plague (1884) 298 "The Quarel remain'd, the Church and the Presbyterians were incompatible."
incompliant , [a.]
(1709) Strype Ann. Ref. (1824) I. vii. 154 "If they themselves held together, and remained incompliant with the steps that were taking, the Queen must be forced to keep them in the church. "
incomposite , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1706) Phillips s.v. Number, "Prime, Simple, or Incomposit Number..is a Number, which can only be measur'd or divided by it self, or by Unity, without leaving any Remainder. "
inconcocted [a.]
(1620) Venner Via Recta viii. 190 "They remaining crude and inconcocted in the body..doe at length settle and produce morbificall affects. "
incontrovertible , [a.]
(1646) Sir T. Browne Pseud. Ep. vii. xiii. 365 "Lastly, the thing it selfe whereon the opinion dependeth..is not incontrovertible; and for my own part, I remaine unsatisfied therein. "
inconverted [a.]
(1646) Sir T. Browne Pseud. Ep. iii. x. 128 "Wheresoever they rested remaining inconverted, and possessing one point of the Compasse, whilst the wind perhaps hath passed the two and thirty."
incorporate , [v.]
(1653) Walton Angler vi. 139 "By the wormes remaining in that box an hour..they had incorporated a kind of smel that was irresistibly attractive."
incorrigible , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(C. 1850) Arab. Nts. (Rtldg.) 527 "His father continually chastised him, yet still Aladdin remained incorrigible."
incorruptible , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1651) J. Goodwin Redempt. Redeemed iv. §.31. 64 "Though all the individuals of a species be corruptible..yet the species it self remaines incorruptible. "
incumbent , [sb.]
(1904) W. Osler Aequanimitas v. 82 "His son..held the chair for nearly the same length of time, and the remainder of the period has been covered by the occupancy of John Goodsir, and his successor..the present incumbent. "
indefinite , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1842) Grove Corr. Phys. Forces 86 "Thus oxygen and hydrogen..will remain unaltered for an indefinite period. "
indemnify , [v. 1]
(1665) J. Webb Stone-Heng (1725) 153 "An Asylum, to which any of them flying remain'd indemnified for whatever Delict committed. "
indent , [v. 1]
(1557) Order Hospitalls D vj b, "An Inventorie..shall be Indented, th' one part thereof to remaine in your custodie, and the other in the custodie of the persons charged. "
indented , [ppl. a. 1]
(1788) Wesley Wks. (1872) VII. 79 "Indented servants, who are legally engaged to remain with you for a term of years. "
indentor .
(1886) Daily News 24 Sept. 2/3 "All other circumstances remaining the same the indentor from India pays more or less gold according to the state of the exchange."
indenture , [sb.]
(1598) Hakluyt Voy. I. 164 "One part of which indentures remaineth in the custodie of the English ambassadors, and the other part in the hands of the commissioners of Prussia. "
independent , [a.] and [sb.]
(1902) Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. III. 142 "Hilbert states..that his body of axioms consists of independent axioms, that is, that no one of the axioms is logically deducible from the remaining axioms. "
(1941) O. Helmer tr. Tarski's Introd. Logic §.39. 131 "We strive to arrive at an axiom system which does not contain a single superfluous statement..which can be derived from the remaining axioms... An axiom system of this kind is called independent (or a system of mutually independent axioms). "
(1967) A. Battersby Network Analysis (ed. 2) App. 4. 335 "Independent float is so called because it is what remains if all proceeding jobs finish as late as possible and all succeeding jobs begin as early as possible. "
indestructible , [a.] (and [sb.] )
(1880) J. Ross Hist. Corea x. 332 "The things used in the evening sacrifice are to be removed,..but spirits and indestructibles may remain. "
indetectable [a.]
(1961) D. G. James Matthew Arnold i. 27 "There always remained in him something evasive and indetectable."
indetermination .
(1838) Blackw. Mag. XLIV. 545 "While this indetermination continues, the power of choice remains inoperative. "
Indian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1770) J. Banks Jrnl. 28 Apr. 264 "During this time, a few of the Indians [sc. Australian Aboriginals]..remained on the rocks opposite the ship, threatening and menacing with their pikes and swords. "
Indianist .
(1869) Farrar Fam. Speech i. (1873) 9 "The problems remained unsolved, because the sinologues had known no Sanskrit, and the Indianists had known no Chinese. "
india-rubber india rubber
(1890) Abney Treat. Photogr. (ed. 6) 176 "An image in pigmented gelatine remains on the india-rubbered paper. "
indiction .
(1824) T. Tegg Chron. Introd. 17 "The Cycle of Indiction..was established by Constantine a.d. 312; if therefore from any given year of the Christian era 312 be subtracted and the remainder be divided by 15, the year of this cycle will be obtained. "
(1594) Blundevil Exerc. vii. ix. (1636) 661 "Adde to the yeere of the Lord given 3, and divide the product thereof by 15, and the remainder shall be the number of the said Indiction. "
indifference (1) .
(1728) Pemberton Newton's Philos. 29 "All bodies have such an indifference to rest, or motion, that if once at rest they remain so [etc.]. "
indifferency .
(1690) Locke Hum. Und. ii. xxi. §.71 "The operative Powers..remaining equally able to operate, or to forbear operating after, as before the Decree of the Will, are in a State, which, if one pleases, may be call'd Indifferency. "
indigenous , [a.]
(1791) Newte Tour Eng. &. Scot. 188 "In different Highland glens..where the indigenous sheep are supposed to remain unmixed. "
indigested , [a.]
(1677) Hale Prim. Orig. Man. iv. ii. 295 "The remaining indigested parts of Nature. "
(1702) Aristotle's Sec. Secr. 58 "The Stomach cannot digest the Food, but it remains an indigested Nutriment. "
indigotin .
(1838) Penny Cycl. XII. 460/1 "When common indigo has been treated with dilute acids, alkalis, and alcohol, the remainder is indigo-blue, or indigotin, or indigo nearly in a state of purity. "
indiretin .
(1865-72) Watts Dict. Chem. III. 248 "The indiretin which still remains in solution is separated by ammonia. "
indispersed [a.]
(1686) Plot Staffordsh. 22 "While the Meteor remains compact and indisperst."
indissipable [a.]
(1661) G. Rust Origen's Opin. in Phenix (1721) I. 54 "The Souls of Brutes are Spirits..and remain undiminishable and indissipable in their intire Substances."
indissoluble , [a.]
(1794) G. Adams Nat. &. Exp. Philos. I. xi. 487 "The clear liquid then should be carefully poured off..from any indissoluble sediment that may remain."
indissolvable [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1650) Sir T. Browne Pseud. Ep. ii. i. (1658) 60 "The softer veins of Chrystal remain indissolvable in scorching territories. "
individed [a.]
(1579) Fulke Heskins' Parl. 147 "He remained whole in that his indiuided vnity with his father. "
individual , [a.] and [sb.]
(1700) Dryden Palamon &. A. iii. 1056 "That individuals die, his will ordains; The propagated species still remains. "
individualization .
(1817) Coleridge Biog. Lit. 217 "In a poem, the characters of which, amid the strongest individualization, must still remain representative. "
indivision .
(1875) Maine Hist. Inst. vii. 194 "The land had remained in a state of indivision during several generations."
indoctrinize [v.]
(1887) New Princeton Rev. Jan. 32 "All that remains for specific indoctrinization may easily be left to the Sabbath-schools and the churches."
indolent , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1720) Humourist 49 "The Indolent remains in Suspense and Anguish. "
indomitable , [a.]
(1874) Green Short Hist. vii. §.1. 347 "The temper of the man remained indomitable as ever."
indubitable , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1946) Nature 10 Aug. 185/2 "There remains a residuum of indubitability consisting of our sensations themselves and the ultimate elements of rational necessity."
induced , [ppl. a.]
(1830) Herschel Stud. Nat. Phil. 324 "The phenomena of the communication of magnetism and what is called its induced state, alone remain unaccounted for. "
inducibility .
(1953) Cohn, Monod, et al. in Nature 12 Dec. 1096/2 "Thus `constitutivity' and `inducibility' are properties of enzyme-forming systems, not of enzymes per se, and can be used as significant expressions only in a biological frame of reference, not in a chemical one. It should be stressed that the notions of constitutivity and inducibility are relative, not absolute; in any given biological system, a certain fraction of a particular enzyme-forming capacity may be constitutive, the remaining fraction inducible. For the sake of convenience, one may wish to refer to `an induced enzyme' or to `a constitutive enzyme'; but it should always be kept in mind that these are shorthand expressions for `an enzyme the formation of which is largely or entirely inducible (or constitutive) in the particular organism concerned'. "
induction .
(1655) Fuller Ch. Hist. ii. vi. §.42 "That the Doctrine remained still sound and entire..will appeare by an Induction of the dominative Controversies. "
(1957) B. I. &. B. Bleaney Electr. &. Magn. 128 "With a magnetic pole, H is the force vector, while the introduction of a uniform magnetic medium throughout the whole of space leaves the magnetic induction B due to a pole unchanged. In the case of a current, B is the force vector and introduction of a magnetic medium leaves H unchanged. If the magnetizable matter does not fill the whole of space, then it is the surface integral of B, the total normal induction, which remains unchanged in magnetostatics. "
induviae , [sb. pl.]
(1835) Lindley Introd. Bot. (1848) I. 242 "The withered remains of leaves which not being articulated with the stem cannot fall off but decay upon it have been called..induvi&ae., the part so covered is said to be induviate."
inelastic , [a.]
(1826) Henry Elem. Chem. I. 245 "Common or inelastic fluids are capable of remaining in contact with each other for a long time without admixture. "
(1973) Lancet 14 Apr. 815/1 "Russell found that the demand for cigarettes is inelastic... This means that if prices rise by 1% demand falls, but by an amount less than 1%; total revenue from taxation would then increase just as long as demand remained inelastic."
inelegant , [a.]
(1735) Somerville Chase i. 59 "What remains On living Coals they broil, inelegant Of Taste. "
inequality .
(1674) Boyle Excell. Theol. ii. iv. 177 "It remains doubtful, whether the differing sizes [of the fixed stars]..proceed from a real inequality of bulk, or onely from an inequality of distance. "
(1862) H. Spencer First Princ. i. iii. §.21 "The explanation of that which is explicable, does but bring out into greater clearness the inexplicableness of that which remains behind."
inexplicit , [a.]
(1775) R. Chandler Trav. Greece (1825) II. 130 "Two structures yet remain, either omitted or mentioned inexplicitly by Pausanias. "
inextinct [a.]
(1823) J. Wilson Trials Marg. Lyndsay xxxi, "In which he had not supposed such a capacity of love had yet remained inextinct. "
inextollible [a.]
(1772) Nugent Hist. Friar Gerund II. 337 "Our inextollible Friar Gerund remained alone."
infected , [ppl. a.]
(1713) Young Last Day iii. 68 "Yet still some thin remains of fear and doubt, Th' infected brightness of their joy pollute."
inferior , [a.] and [sb.]
(1812) Sir H. Davy Chem. Philos. 97 "The heated elastic matter must remain longer in contact with the inferior than with the superior portion. "
infidel , [sb.] and [a.]
(1720) De Foe Life Duncan Campbell (1841) 44 "If many do remain infidels to my relations. "
infigure [v.]
(1621) Lady M. Wroth Urania 274 "Your dearest selfe remaines infigured in my chastest breast."
infiltrate , [v.]
(1878) Huxley Physiogr. 225 "Carbonized remains, often infiltrated with mineral matter."
inflate , [v.]
(1965) New Statesman 31 Dec. 1021/1 "Even if all countries inflated at the same rate, some problems would remain. "
inflexible , [a. 1]
(1716) Lady M. W. Montagu Let. to C'tess Mar 21 Nov., "She..remains still inflexible, either to threats or promises. "
inflexibly , [adv.]
(1856) Kane Arct. Expl. I. xxiv. 310 "As far as we could see, it [the ice] remained inflexibly solid."
infrasonic , [a.]
(1927) E. G. Richardson Sound x. 236 "The lower pitch limit is about 16 vibrations per second. Slow vibrations..remain unperceived as tones if their rate of pulsation falls below this limit... Such `infra-sonic' waves have been extensively studied by Esclangon. "
infringe , [v. 1]
(1694) Salmon Bate's Disp. (1715) 533/2 "It will yet much more infringe the corrosive Quality of the remaining Acid Spirits."
infructuous , [a.]
(1860) Farrar Orig. Lang. (1865) 62 "The intellect..would otherwise remain infructuous."
infusorigen .
(1972) Sci. Amer. Dec. 95/3 "Some of the axoblasts, instead of developing into vermiform embryos, develop into a structure that remains within the axial cell of the adult vermiform and may be thought of as a hermaphroditic gonad. The term infusorigen has been applied to this structure, which in a sense is the only organ the Mesozoa possess."
ing .
(1851) Jrnl. R. Agric. Soc. XII. ii. 314 "Others [Fens] termed `ings', belonging to various towns, yet remain (at particular seasons) in a wet condition. "
ingenit [a. 1]
(1669) Gale Crt. Gentiles i. i. iv. 25 "There remains in the Syrians an ingenite ardor of Navigation. "
Inghamite .
(1858-60) J. Gardner Faiths World s.v., "Remains of the Inghamites are still found in England, but they are a very small body. "
ingrammaticism .
(1888) Athen&ae.um 10 Mar. 304/3 "She..remains constant to her quotations and `ingrammaticisms'."
inhere , [v.]
(1665) G. Havers P. della Valle's Trav. E. India 27 "The Name Seià.h Selim, tenaciously inhering in the memory of people, remains still to him. "
(1624) Gataker Transubst. 173 "The accidents of bread and wine remaine without actuall inhering and being in their naturall subject. "
inhume , [v.]
(1691) Wood Ath. Oxon. I. 576 "Th' obscure recesses of this key-cold Tomb, Do Stokeslies ashes, and remains inhume. "
inimic [a.]
(1696) Locke Let. to Clarke 18 May in Fox Bourne Life (1876) II. xii. 307 "To get off the remainder of my cough before I venture into that inimic air."
inject , [v.]
(1945) Jrnl. Appl. Physics XVI. 583/1 "The electrons are injected with a voltage ranging from 30 to 70 kv and, if allowed to remain in the 66-inch diameter circular orbit for the entire quarter cycle, they circle the magnetic flux about 250,000 times. "
ink , [sb. 1]
(1825) J. Nicholson Operat. Mechanic 307 "It..remains for a short period in contact with the surface of the *ink-roller..thereby receiving a portion of ink upon its surface. "
(1898) Westm. Gaz. 1 Apr. 1/3 "Everyone living is either an `in-law' himself, and therefore bound to possess corresponding `in-laws', or his `in-law' potentiality remains intact. "
inlying , [ppl. a.]
(1853) Stocqueler Milit. Encycl. 215 "Inlying Piquets, detachments told off to remain in camp, but fully accoutred, and ready to turn out instantly on alarm. "
inner , [a.] ( [sb. 2] )
(1944) Auden For Time Being (1945) 35 "The manifestations of the inner life should always remain so easy and habitual. "
innervation .
(1945) Amer. Jrnl. Physiol. CXLIV. 477 "It is tacitly assumed that if part of the innervation of a muscle is permanently destroyed, the remaining motor units..continue their normal function. "
innovation .
(1614) Selden Titles Hon. 286 "Thanes remained as a distinct name of dignitie, and vanisht not at the innouation of new honors. "
(1861) W. Bell Dict. Law Scot. 450/1 "Innovation, is a technical expression, signifying the exchange, with the creditor's consent, of one obligation for another; so as to make the second obligation come in the place of the first, and be the only subsisting obligation against the debtor, both the original obligants remaining the same."
innoxious , [a.]
(1703) J. Savage Lett. Antients xiii. 70 "The Poison Serpents produce remains innoxious to themselves. "
inobedient [a.] and [sb.]
(1805) Southey Madoc ii. vi, "Irresolute They heard, and inobedient; to obey Fearing, yet fearful to remain."
inobservant , [a.]
(1768-74) Tucker Lt. Nat. (1834) I. 523 "Nor can [God] remain ignorant or inobservant of what impulses He gives. "
inquest , [sb.]
(1623) Gouge Serm. Extent God's Provid. §.15 "The Coroner and his Inquest comming to view the bodies, found remaining but 63. "
inscription .
(1859) H. L. Smith in Arch&ae.ol. Cant. XI. 108 "Only the labels..and inscription-plate remain. "
insensate , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1874) Green Short Hist. ix. §.7. 665 "James alone remained stubborn and insensate as of old."
insensible , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(A. 1859) Macaulay Hist. Eng. xxv. V. 287 "He fell down in a fit, and remained long insensible."
inset , [sb.]
(1587) Golding De Mornay, Pref. 8 "Those common and generall Insets haue remained barren in the most part of men."
inside , [sb.] , [a.] , [adv.] , and [prep.]
(1927) Amer. Speech II. 242/1 "Only in small country papers does one find `patent insides'. The country editor frequently buys four pages of his paper already printed, filled with `features', fiction, and advertising. He has only to fill the four remaining pages with local news and advertising."
insident [a.]
(1656) Blount Glossogr., "Insident, sitting on or in, remaining, continuing."
insincerely , [adv.]
(1855) Macaulay Hist. Eng. xii. III. 170 "The few Protestants who remained in that part of the country joined in greeting him, and perhaps not insincerely. "
insolubilize , [v.]
(1897) Daily News 4 Oct. 6/4 "The colouring matter remaining attached to the paper, and held there by the insolubilised gum. "
insolvent , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1883) Wharton's Law Lex. (ed. 7) 419 "An insolvent as distinguished from a bankrupt, was an insolvent who was not a trader; for originally only a trader could be made bankrupt, in the sense of obtaining an absolute discharge from his debts, while the future estate of an insolvent remained liable for his debts, even after his discharge."
inspeximus .
(1547-8) Mervyn in Brooke Abridgem. (1586) tit. Patentes 97 II. 128 "Vn Constat est pledable, contrarie dun Inspeximus, car in lun case le patent remaine, &. in lauter il est parde. "
insuper in super , [adv.]
(1672) Cowell's Interpr., "In super, is a Word used by Auditors in their Accounts in the Exchequer, when they say so much remains in super to such an Accountant, that is, so much remains due upon such an Account. "
insurance .
(1651) Culpepper Astrol. Judgem. Dis. (1658) 176 "When the matter..remains still within the lungs..there's but little security of life: and I am confident never a one of the Colledge keeps an insurance office for such a businesse, nor will ensure thereupon at 50 per cent. "
intact , [a.]
(A. 1862) Buckle Civiliz. (1869) III. ii. 86 "The principles on which Church authority is based remained intact. "
integrated [ppl. a.]
(1956) N.Y. Times 1 Oct., "Approximately 2,400,000 Negro and 6,500,000 white pupils remained in segregated classes. Integrated school districts numbered 780; segregated numbered 3,000. "
intellection .
(1839) B. H. Smart Way out Metaph. 25 "An intellection having once occurred, remains with us as a notion or something known. "
intellectualism .
(1829) Sir W. Hamilton Discuss., Philos. Uncondit. (1852) 4 "Rationalism (more properly Intellectualism) has, from his [Leibnitz's] time, always remained the favorite philosophy of the Germans. "
intellectuality .
(1863) Mrs. C. Clarke Shaks. Char. x. 255 "It remained for Shakespeare to assert in behalf of his sisterhood a claim to the higher endowments of intellectuality. "
intend , [v.]
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) VI. 375 "He intended his son should have it in remainder for his life only. "
(1857) Miss S. Winkworth tr. Tauler's Serm. xxv. 386 "They..remain a prey to their besetting sin of always seeking and intending themselves. "
inter- [prefix] .
(1956) Nature 21 Jan. 142/1 "The mating type of the hybrid shows no change, that is, the hybrid males remain intersterile with O females, as in the original strain H. "
(1962) Newnes Conc. Encycl. Electr. Engin. 598/2 "An attempt to adjust..power flow only on the tie between two generating stations will result in an undesirable change of power on the remainder of the inter&dubh.connectors. "
interdict , [sb.]
(1810) Act 50 Geo. III, c. 112 §.41 "Bills of suspension and interdict shall with respect to caution remain as at present. "
interfluve .
(1913) Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer. XXIV. 206 "In an early stage of the new cycle the fault&dubh.line scarp will be highest near the incised valleys of transverse streams, and it may remain for a time undeveloped on the interfluves. "
interhyal , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1888) Rolleston &. Jackson Anim. Life 93 "The remaining portion of the embryonic hyoidan cartilage gives origin to the interhyal or stylohyal [etc.]."
interlayer , [sb.] and [a.]
(1962) L. S. Sasieni Princ. &. Pract. Optical Dispensing xiii. 329 "The three laminae are joined under heat and pressure, and if one or both of the layers of glass are broken by impact..the pieces of glass remain adherent to the interlayer. "
interlude , [sb.]
(1865) T. Wright Hist. Caricat. xvi. (1875) 277 "The word interlude remained long in our language as applied to such short and simple dramatic pieces as we may suppose to have formed the drolleries of the mysteries. "
intermediate , [a.] and [sb.]
(1925) A. D. Imms Gen. Textbk. Ent. iii. 365 "The latter issue from the galls and are divisible into winged gallicol&ae. migrantes (migrantes), which fly to the intermediate host, and gallicol&ae. non-migrantes which remain on the spruce and give rise to further fundatrices. "
international , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1908) Nature 679/1 "The difference between the ohm and the international ohm remains a matter for experiment. "
interpretate [v.]
(A. 1763) Byrom Crit. Rem. Horace (R.), "When they take interpretating pains, Sometimes the difficulty still remains. "
intersow , [v.]
(1725) Bradley Fam. Dict. s.v. Planting, "The remainder of the Ground may be inter-sow'd with Ash-Keys. "
interstellar , [a.]
(1952) Lovell &. Clegg Radio Astron. ii. 34 "The current belief about the remaining mass is that it is concentrated in the dust and gas which permeates interstellar space. By terrestrial standards this interstellar material is highly attenuated. "
intimacy .
(1906) B. Webb in S. Hynes Edwardian Turn of Mind (1968) iv. 114 "Friendship between particular men and women..is practically impossible..without physical intimacy... There remains the question whether, with all the perturbation caused by such intimacies, you would have any brain left to think with? "
intonation (1) .
(1935) M. Schubiger Role of Intonation in Spoken Eng. 2 "Word-order can remain unaltered, and then the different intonation, the rising instead of the falling tune, is the sole bearer of the interrogative relation. "
intracranial , [a.]
(1971) Biol. Abstr. LII. 7922/2 "A large stick remained intracranially for a long time without clinical neurological deficit."
intricable [a.]
(1612) Shelton Quix. iii. vii. 182 "They shall remaine captiue, and intangled in the intricable amorous net. "
intrigue , [sb.]
(1673) Ray Trav. (1738) I. 419 "A famous engine to raise up water..There is so little of it remaining that it is impossible thence to find out all the contrivance and intrigue of it. "
intrinsic , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1850) Gladstone Homer II. ii. 153 "Latona..remains all alone without any meaning or purpose intrinsic to herself. "
intrusion .
(1883) Wharton's Law Lex. (ed. 7), "Intrusion, the entry of a stranger after a particular estate of freehold is determined before him in reversion or remainder."
inutilized [a.]
(1874) W. Crookes Dyeing &. Calico-print. i. x. 80 "The application [of native ultramarine] remained inutilised for several years."
Invar .
(1929) J. A. Ratcliffe Physical Princ. Wireless iii. 50 "The oscillating system..is not an electrical circuit, but is a tuning-fork made of `invar' metal, whose frequency remains very constant under all conditions. "
invariable , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1607) Topsell Four-f. Beasts 137 "Their common properties of nature, such as..remaine like infallible and invariable truths in euery kinde and country of the world. "
invariance .
(1941) Courant &. Robbins What is Math.? iii. 159 "A particular consequence of the invariance of angle under inversion is that two circles or lines that are orthogonal, i.e. that intersect at right angles, remain orthogonal after an inversion. "
invariant , [a.] and [sb.]
(1851) Sylvester in Philos. Mag. Nov., "The remaining coefficients are the two well-known hyperdeterminants, or, as I propose henceforth to call them, the two Invariants of the form ax4 + 4bx3y + 6cx2y2 + 4dxy3 + ey4. "
inverted , [ppl. a.]
(1766) Cavendish in Phil. Trans. LVI. 178 "The air remaining unabsorbed in the inverted bottle of sope leys. "
invest , [v.]
(1833) Ht. Martineau Loom &. Lugger i. i. 3 "There was little encouragement to invest his remaining capital. "
invination .
(1855) Pusey Doctr. Real Presence Note A. 5 "What those to whom he imputes `impanation' and `invination' really held, was that the Body and Blood of Christ was present `under the form of bread and wine', these `remaining in their natural substances'."
invincible , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1577) tr. Bullinger's Decades (1592) 460 "The iudgement of Paule in this matter remaineth firme and inuincible. "
inviolable , [a.]
(1607) E. Grimstone tr. Goulart's Mem. Hist. 278 "He never sturd one iot, but remained firme and inviolable, as if he had beene planted there. "
inviolate , [a.]
(1646) P. Bulkeley Gospel Covt. v. 370 "Though..man failed in his duty, yet the covenant on God's part remaines inviolate. "
(1615) Crooke Body of Man 376 "The heat of the right must..be in time extinguished, the heat of the left remaining inviolate. "
(1848) Mrs. Jameson Sacr. &. Leg. Art (1850) 347 "Clement VIII ordered that the relics should remain untouched, inviolate."
inviolately , [adv.]
(A. 1716) South Serm. X. vi. (R.), "All other things..remaining inviolately the same under both covenants. "
invisible , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1959) N. Polsky in N. Mailer Advts. for Myself (1961) 313 "Even in the world of the hipster the Negro remains essentially what Ralph Ellison called him-an invisible man. "
inwick , [sb.]
(1857) Chambers' Inform. II. 683/2 "The player..does his best to take the inwick or angle; and by a skilfully `laid on' stone..the inwick is taken; his stone glides off, angles towards the tee, knocks his adversary's stone out of shot-himself remaining in the while."
iridosmine .
(1865-72) Watts Dict. Chem. III. 314 "The black scales which remain when native platinum is dissolved in nitromuriatic acid were found by Smithson Tennant to consist of an alloy of two metals, iridium and osmium, hence called iridosmine. "
iris , [sb.]
(1911) C. N. Bennett et al. Handbk. Kinematogr. i. iv. 28 "In the form of lens attached to kinematograph cameras, alteration of diaphragm is effected by the movement of a ring or pin on the lens mount which causes the `iris' inside to open and close like the iris of a cat's eye, except that the hole in the middle always remains circular in shape. "
Iroquois , [a.] and [sb.]
(1965) Canad. Jrnl. Ling. Spring 135 "Iroquois speakers remain in New York State;..others remain in the Carolinas (Cherokee). "
irreclaimed , [a.]
(1812) Brackenridge Views Louisiana (1814) 176 "The soil of Louisiana is the most fertile in the world, the climate delightful during nine months of the year, and bad the remainder, only from being irreclaimed. "
irredeemable , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) II. 125 "If a mortgage becomes irredeemable by this statute, it will remain so in the hands of an assignee. "
irredeemed [a.]
(1898) Daily News 22 Sept. 4/5 "Against the renunciation of `irredeemed' territory (to use the Italian term) must be set the implied guarantee of the remainder."
irreducible , [a.]
(1778) Maseres in Phil. Trans. LXVIII. 920 "The remaining case of the cubick equation..which..cannot be resolved by the rules above mentioned, has..obtained amongst algebraists the name of the irreducible case: at least it is often called by the French writers of algebra le cas irr&eacu.ductible. "
irremunerated [a.]
(1651) Raleigh's Ghost 323 "No evil shall remain unrevenged, nor good irremunerated and unrewarded."
irrepleviable , [a.]
(1543) transl. Act 13 Edw. I, c. 2 "If he that repleuied make defaut agayne, or for an other cause retourne of the dystres beyng now twyse repleuied be awarded, the distres shal remaine irrepleuiable. "
irreprehensible , [a.]
(1590) Swinburne Testaments 7 "The definition remaineth irreprehensible. "
irrepresentable , [a.]
(1856) Ferrier Inst. Metaph. xiii. vi. 315 "No model whatever of matter per se being presentable to us in knowledge, the material universe per se must for ever remain absolutely irrepresentable by us in thought."
irrevocably , [adv.]
(1810) House of Lancaster I. 103, "I remained firmly and irrevocably fixed in my first resolution. "
irrigate , [v.]
(1873) Hamerton Intell. Life x. iii. (1875) 352 "Her mind irrigated their minds, which would have remained permanently barren without that help and refreshment."
Ismaelite [sb.] ( [a.] )
(1613) Purchas Pilgrimage (1614) 338 "Benjamen Tudelensis telleth that one..had taken..the remainder of the Arke, and therewith built an Ismaeliticall Meschit. "
iso- ,
(1964) J. Challinor Dict. Geol. (ed. 2) 133/2 "A rock changing its mineral composition *iso&dubh.chemically remains a closed `system'. "
(1937) Best &. Taylor Physiol. Basis Med. Pract. lxiii. 1418 "The laminated cortex, which in man constitutes the remaining eleven-twelfths [of the cortical area] and in animals is a much smaller fraction of the whole, is called the isocortex. "
(1966) R. Joel Basic Engin. Thermodynamics i. 80 "The pressure remains constant throughout the process. It is often referred to as an isobaric or isopiestic process. "
(1932) H. Pringsheim Chem. Monosaccharides &. Polysaccharides ii. 31 "Into the hexoses and pentoses there can be introduced two isopropylidene remainders. "
isobaric , [a.] and [sb.]
(1933) D. J. Martin Introd. Thermodynamics for Chemists xiii. 315 "The isobaric heat of adsorption corresponds to the heat of a reaction in a condensed system, the amount adsorbed changes while the pressure remains practically constant. "
isochromatic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1931) Coker &. Filon Treat. Photo-Elasticity iii. 248 "The integrated tint remains the same over the whole of this locus, and it is for this reason that such lines are called lines of equal tint or isochromatic lines. "
isochronous , [a.]
(1971) Times Lit. Suppl. 1 Oct. 1179/3 "Its technique of isochronous rhythm-a metrical sequence which remains constant for a given part, though the pitch relationships change-is comparable with the Oriental tala."
isocracy .
(1652) L. S. People's Liberty vii. 12 "It remaineth doubtfull, whether people who live together, may lawfully retain an Isocracie among them. "
isolated , [ppl. a.]
(1881) Flower in Nature No. 619. 437 "When groups of animals become so far differentiated from each other as to represent separate species, they remain isolated."
isomorphous , [a.]
(1880) Cleminshaw Wurtz' Atom. The. 59 "For the form to remain unchanged in analogous compounds, the elements which replace each other must be mutually isomorphous."
isoniazid .
(1962) Lancet 29 Dec. 1364/2 "In the second phase, since the bacilli are no longer multiplying rapidly and resistant mutants are therefore unlikely to appear, a single drug only-isoniazid-need be continued to kill off those remaining. "
isoperimetrical , [a.]
(1821) Blackw. Mag. X. 557 "From Cookery up to the Law of Contingent Remainders, Isoperimetrical Problems, or the world-wide difference between Objectivity and Subjectivity. "
isoprenoid , [a.] and [sb.]
(1972) Science 9 June 1121/2 "After 2 years, isoprenoids..and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons remained prominent in the polluted sediments."
isosbestic , [a.]
(1949) A. C. Candler Pract. Spectroscopy iv. 90 "As one absorption curve fades, another develops, while the absorption at an intermediate wavelength, called by Brode the isobastic point, remains unaltered. "
isotactic , [a.]
(1968) Natta &. Danusso in Jrnl. Polymer Sci. A-2. VI. 1495 "The isotacticity and the crystallizability of the original sample remain unchanged after degradation."
isoteles .
(1850) Grote Greece lxvi. VI. 17 "Lysias..passed the remainder of his life as an Isoteles, or non-freeman on the best condition. "
isothermal , [a.] and [sb.]
(1912) H. N. Dickson Climate &. Weather iii. 77 "At heights greater than about nine miles the temperature..remains nearly constant at about &min.70°.F at all levels... In this `isothermal layer'..there would seem to be..little movement. "
isotone .
(1972) Physics Bull. Mar. 148/3 "The isotone shift differs from the isotope shifts in that the former measures the energy difference of atoms when protons are added to the nucleus with the number of neutrons remaining the same, whereas for the latter the role of protons and neutrons are reversed. The study of isotope as well as isotone shifts reveal the nuclear shell structure."
Israel .
(1974) Times 14/8 "The ban remained for Israel-based reporters... The Israel government has followed a curious policy."
item , [adv.] and [sb.]
(1859) E. H. N. Patterson in L. Hafen Overland Routes to Gold Fields (1942) 68 "This..is one of those cases, probably, that will remain a mystery only to be solved when the great item book of the recording angel shall be opened to justify the final sentence. "
itinerant , [a.] and [sb.]
(1850) Blackie &Ae.schylus I. Pref. 22 "The word, transmitted from age to age, and itinerant from East to West, remains."
ivy , [sb.]
(1602) Carew Cornwall 111 b, "Onely there remaine the *Iuie-tapissed wals of the keepe. "
Jack , [sb. 1]
(1830) M. Donovan Dom. Econ. I. 175 "The liquor is pumped..into a large reservoir, called a jack-back, in which it is allowed to remain until all the yest has collected on the surface. "
(1591) Shaks. 1 Hen. VI, i. i. 175 "For me nothing remaines: But long I will not be Iack out of Office. "
Jacksonian , [a. 1]
(1929) Encycl. Brit. IV. 585/1 "Calhoun,..during the remainder of the Jackson regime, was a severe critic of Jacksonianism. "
Jai Hind , [int.]
(1969) Commerce (Bombay) 26 July 170/3 "We remain committed to the freedom and progress of the people of this great country. Jai Hind."
jam , [v. 1]
(1793) Smeaton Edystone L. §.53 "A part of a chain..was jammed in so fast..that it remained so. "
janken .
(1964) Japan (Jap. Nat. Commission for Unesco) 831/2 "Janken is the only form of the game which remains today as a means to decide the dealer in card games, the server in a match, and so on. "
jatha .
(1966) K. Singh Hist. Sikhs II. iv. xiii. 203 "Jatha&mac.s of 100 Akalis each were formed. They first took an oath..to remain non-violent."
jawan .
(1962) Listener 29 Nov. 895/2 "For the public, the cult of the Indian soldier, the Jawan, remains unshaken. "
jazz , [sb.]
(1955) L. Feather Encycl. Jazz 50 "Improvisation has always been the life blood of jazz. There are critics today who still claim that true jazz cannot be written down. This is not literally true, but it is true that orchestrated jazz, if it is to remain jazz, must retain the same rhythmic feeling, the same concept of phrasing, that is inherent in improvised jazz... Just as the three basic elements of music as a whole are melody, harmony and rhythm, the three additional elements essential to jazz may be said to be syncopation, improvisation and inspiration. "
(1964) M. McLuhan Understanding Media (1967) ii. xxxi. 348 "Baseball..will always remain a symbol of the era of the hot mommas, jazz babies..and the fast buck. "
(1846) Landor Wks. II. 157/2 "For these forty good verses you will pardon, `After forty days' fasting had remained'... Very much like the progress of Milton himself in this jejunery."
jejuno- ,
(1971) Carey &. Albertin Ellison's Atlas Surg. Stomach &. Duodenum ix. 125 "Even though parenteral hyperalimentation has decreased the need for jejunostomy, it remains a valuable procedure. "
jelly , [sb. 1]
(1766) Pennant Zool. (1768) II. 424 "The Winter Mew..The gelatinous substance, known by the name of Star Shot, or Star Gelly, owes its origin to this bird,..being nothing but the half digested remains of earth-worms, on which these birds feed. "
Jerry , [sb. 2]
(1941) Southern Daily Echo (Southampton) 26 Mar., "Last time the enemy was generally called the Hun by the people at home, and Jerry by the soldiers. The latter is the term which remains in use in the present war. "
jest , [sb.]
(18..) Joanna Baillie (O.), "Some witlings and jest-mongers still remain For fools to laugh at. "
jetsam .
(1600) Coke Rep. v. 106 b, "Ietsam est quant le nief est in perill d'ê.tre merge et pur disburden le niefe les biens sont iects in le mere..et nul de ceux byens que sont appelles Ietsam Flotsam ou Lagan sont appeles wreck cy longe come ils remain in ou sur la mere, mais si ascun de eux sont mise al terre per le mere, donques ils seront dit wreck. "
(1765) Blackstone Comm. I. viii. 292 "If they continue at sea, the law distinguishes them by the..appellations of jetsam, flotsam, and ligan. Jetsam is where goods are cast into the sea, and there sink and remain under water. "
jet stream
(1963) tr. E. R. Reiter's Jet-Stream Meteorology iv. 271 (heading, ) "The current does not spread out..but it remains concentrated in a narrow band of high velocities-the oceanic jet stream. "
Jew , [sb.]
(1851) Illustr. Catal. Gt. Exhib. 162 "In the reign of King John, the mines [were] principally in the hands of the Jews..remains of furnaces, called *Jews' houses, have been discovered, and small blocks of tin, known as Jews' tin, have..been found in the mining localities. "
jib , [sb. 4]
(1839) C. J. Lever Confessions H. Lorrequer xiii. 99 "During all this mel&eacu.e tournament, I perceived that the worthy jib as he would be called in the parlance of Trinity, Mr. Cudmore, remained perfectly silent. "
jig-saw [sb.]
(1974) G. Markstein Cooler xl. 149 "Sylvia was turning into the little jigsaw piece that often remained the hardest one to find."
jobbing [vbl. sb. 2]
(1972) Jrnl. Printing Hist. Soc. 1971, VII. 38 "Most printers both in America and in Britain were forced to add more and more of the new letters to their stores of type in order to remain competitive in the jobbing printing business. "
John .
(1572) Plat Floures Philos. Addr. to Rdr., "The Iohn so sweete in shewe and smell, distincte by colours twaine, Aboute the borders of their beds in seemelie sighte remaine. "
joint , [a.]
(1767) Blackstone Comm. II. 183 "The remaining grand incident of joint-estates, viz. the doctrine of survivorship. "
jointless , [a.]
(1748) Richardson Clarissa (1811) VI. viii. 38 "`Let me die here', were her words, remaining jointless and immovable. "
(1767) Blackstone Comm. II. xii. 184 "While it [the joint-tenancy] continues, each of two joint-tenants has a concurrent interest in the whole; and therefore, on the death of his companion, the sole interest in the whole remains to the survivor."
jointure , [sb.]
(1876) Digby Real Prop. vi. 295 "It became a common practice for a man upon his marriage to convey lands to feoffees to the joint use of himself and his wife for life or in tail, by which means a provision for the remainder of her life was secured to the wife. This was called a jointure."
Jonsonian , [a.]
(1948) F. R. Leavis Great Tradition v. 235 "Bounderby..remains Jonsonianly consistent in his last testament and death. "
jube (4) .
(1953) A. Smith Blind White Fish in Persia iii. 48 "By every pavement ran the jube, a stream of water which had doubtless been clean at the top of the town but did not remain so for long. "
jubilation .
(1634) W. Tirwhyt tr. Balzac's Lett. (vol. I) 133, "I should remaine disconsolate amidst the publique Iubilations. "
judge , [sb.]
(1842) Dickens Let. 28 Mar. (1938) I. 423, "I remained as grave as a judge. "
judge , [v.]
(1513) More in Grafton Chron. (1568) II. 766 "To remaine..till the matter were..examined..and either iudged or appeased. "
judgement judgment .
(1794) Sullivan View Nat. I. 39 "The saints and spirits of the blessed shall take possession of it, and there remain till the general judgment. "
judicious , [a.]
(1819) Scott Leg. Montrose vi, "No judicious commander allows either flags of truce or neutrals to remain in his camp longer than is prudent."
jug , [sb. 1]
(1830) Monk Bentley xv. 424 "Joanna..was his favourite child:..having received from him the fondling appellation of Jug in her infancy, she continued to be called Jug Bentley, as long as she remained unmarried."
jug , [sb. 2]
(1955) M. E. B. Banks Commando Climber iii. 38 "A final wall, almost vertical but amply provided with the largest of jug-handles, remained. "
jungle , [sb.]
(1900) Daily News 30 July 6/3 "Mr. H. C. P. Bell has done much in excavating the *jungle-clad remains of Anuradhapura. "
just , [a.]
(1684) R. Waller Nat. Exper. 10 "Our Instrument remains still unalterably just to every place where 'tis made use of."
(1721) Bailey, "Just Divisors are such Numbers or Quantities which will divide a given Number or Quantity, so as to leave no Remainder. "
K ,
(1879) Proc. R. Soc. XXVIII. 367 "The calcium line with wave-length 4226..appears more or less expanded with a dark line in the middle..; the remaining bright lines of calcium are also frequently seen in the like condition, but sometimes the dark line appears in the middle of K (the more refrangible of Fraunhofer's lines H), when there is none in the middle of H. "
kabadi kabaddi .
(1935) W. M. Ryburn School Organization 278-80 "Kabaddi... 3. Each team consists of nine players... 5. The members of each team remain in their respective semi-circles... 10. A player scores a point for his team if he succeeds in getting back to his semicircle after touching some opponent (with the hand only) or after pushing some opponent out of his semicircle provided that he holds his breath all the time. He will say that word `kabaddi' over and over to show that he is holding his breath... An attempt by a player to touch an opponent is known as a kabaddi. "
Karaite .
(1727-41) Chambers Cycl. s.v. Caraite, "The Caraites themselves pretend to be the remains of the ten tribes led captive by Salmanassar. "
Karnata , [a.] and [sb.]
(1972) P. Holroyde Indian Mus. iii. 84 "The Karnatakam remained uninfluenced... South Indian music, properly known as Carnatic, and South Indian dance, survived therefore in more-or-less pure form."
karyo- ,
(1912) Jrnl. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia XV. 525 "The most general results of increased temperature are:... (4) Formation of numerous *karyomeres from these scattered chromosomes; indeed by slight increase of temperature almost every chromosome may be caused to remain distinct from every other one, and to give rise to a separate chromosomal vesicle. "
(1934) L. W. Sharp Introd. Cytol. (ed. 3) x. 136 "Of considerable interest are those nuclei in which every chromosome of the telophase group forms an individual vesicle, or karyomere. In some cases the karyomeres may eventually fuse partially or completely, but in others they remain separate although in contact, forming what is virtually a group of small nuclei containing one chromosome each. "
(1934) L. W. Sharp Introd. Cytol. 146 "The limits of the several chromosomes remain visible through this stage [sc. between mitoses] in certain nuclei; in extreme cases the nucleus is virtually a group of separate elementary nuclei, or karyomeres. "
Kashube .
(1957) Encycl. Brit. XVIII. 152/1 "Linguistically..two local Pomeranian dialects remained until the 20th century, the Slovince (Slowinski) and the Cassubian (Kaszubski). "
kedgeree .
(1879) Mrs. James Ind. Househ. Managem. 88 "Kegeree is composed of the remains of cold fish, and is usually a breakfast dish. "
Kellgren .
(1907) Boston Med. &. Surg. Jrnl. CLVII. 493/1 "In the Kellgren method, the fingers of the gymnast remain in contact with the skin, and thus they are enabled to really manipulate the parts beneath. "
Kepler .
(1954) C. Payne-Gaposchkin Introd. Astron. (1956) xiv. 392 "Attempts to identify the remains of Tycho's and Kepler's novae with stars have failed. "
kerato- ,
(1918) J. H. Parsons Dis. Eye (ed. 3) xi. 198 "As the cicatrix becomes consolidated the bulging may disappear, or it may remain permanently as an ectatic cicatrix (keratectasia from ulcer). "
kernel , [sb. 1]
(1916) G. N. Lewis in Jrnl. Amer. Chem. Soc. XXXVIII. 768 "In every atom is an essential kernel which remains unaltered in all ordinary chemical changes. "
kgotla .
(1840) B. Shaw Memorials of S. Afr. xx. 303 "Morokos Kotla had no attractions yesterday; we went and sat down in it, but we could not bear to remain. "
khaki , [a.] and [sb.]
(1971) D. Ayerst Guardian xxx. 472 "Sir Warren Fisher..remained at the Treasury..and Ramsay Macdonald at 10 Downing St. He decided to hold a khaki election."
khansamah .
(1788) Gladwin tr. Mem. Kh. Abdulkurreem 56 "[He] asked the Khansaman, what quantity was remaining of the clothes. "
Khasi .
(1911) Encycl. Brit. VIII. 830/2 "In language 27,272,895 of the inhabitants [of Eastern Bengal and Assam] speak Bengali, 1,349,784 speak Assamese, and the remainder Hindi and various hill dialects, Manipuri, Bodo, Khasi and Garo. "
kiap .
(1969) New Guinea &. Austral., IV. iii. 9/1 "We cannot be expected to remain within the fence of racial integration whose fencing materials-the persuasiveness of the Kiap, the teaching of the church, and the legislation of a colonial administration-show distinct signs of weathering. "
kid , [sb. 1]
(1562) Bulleyn Bk. Simples (1579) 75 "They remaine Kiddes for six monethes, and afterward..be called Goates. "
kidnap , [v.]
(1769) Blackstone Comm. IV. xv. 219 "The other remaining offence, that of kid&dubh.napping, being the forcible abduction or stealing away of man, woman, or child from their own country, and selling them into another. "
kidnapper .
(1865) Livingstone Zambesi xxi. 434 "It is dangerous to remain in their villages at this time of year when kidnappers are abroad."
killed , [ppl. a.]
(1930) Syst. Bacteriol. (Med. Res. Council) VII. vii. 117 "There remains a considerable doubt whether immunity..can be produced by the use of killed virus. "
kindle , [v. 1]
(1600) Shaks. A.Y.L. i. i. 179 "Nothing remaines, but that I kindle the boy thither. "
kindred , [sb.] and [a.]
(1776) Paine Com. Sense (1791) 49 "Every day wears out the little remains of kindred between us and them. "
king , [sb.]
(1941) F. Reinfeld Keres' Best Games of Chess 86/1 "Not only winning a Pawn, but devaluating the remaining Black *King-side Pawns. "
Kipp .
(1901) F. G. Benedict Chem. Lect. Exper. 3 "The Kipp generator, or one of its various modifications, remains today the only portable gas generator for the lecture table... The simpler and less expensive the form of Kipp used, the better. "
kistvaen cistvaen .
(1715) Pennecuik Wks. (1815) 121 (E.D.D.), "In trenching the ground for a garden was discovered another tomb, kisti-vaen..of five flags, without an urn, or any remains of bones. "
Kiswa .
(1912) A. J. B. Wavell Mod. Pilgrim in Mecca viii. 152 "The `Ihram'..remains till the day of the festival, when the `Kiswah', that is the covering itself, is changed. "
kite , [sb.]
(1904) Westm. Gaz. 5 Aug. 2/2 "The new Army scheme..is to be debated on Monday, but whether as a Government proposal or the private kite of the Minister for War remains wholly obscure. "
kitsch .
(1939) Partisan Rev. VI. 40 "Kitsch is mechanical and operates by formulas. Kitsch is vicarious experience and faked sensations. Kitsch changes according to style, but remains always the same. Kitsch is the epitome of all that is spurious in the life of our times. "
klipkous .
(1930) C. L. Biden Sea-Angling Fishes of Cape xviii. 260 "The crushed remains of klipkoes or venus ear-a shellfish, Haliotis. "
knap , [sb. 1]
(1623) Bingham Xenophon 62 "There remained yet a little knop aboue them..where the enemies guards did sit."
knock [sb. 1]
(1973) A. Parrish Mech. Engineer's Ref. Bk. ii. 17 "Correct choice of mixture strength, ignition timing, fuel (octane number) and good combustion chamber design will allow smooth combustion without knock which occurs if the end gas reaches the condition where self-ignition causes an explosion of all the mixture remaining in the chamber."
know , [v.]
(1973) Observer 14 Jan. 7/3 "It remains to add that all this, and much more, was well enough known at the time. But the fellow-travellers didn't want to know. "
Komi .
(1800) W. Tooke Hist. Russia I. i. 13 "Komanes. They were neighbours of the Madshares or Ugres, and migrated in conjunction with them at the close of the eighth century to Pannonia. They dwelt upon the river Kuma, from which they also had their name. On the other side of the Terek is still a people named Kumuiks; perhaps remains of the old Kumanians. "
Kremlin .
(1970) Guardian 1 Oct. 15/4 "The question now teasing Labour Kremlinologists is how long Denis [Healey] will be satisfied to remain a mere member of the NEC. "
kreng .
(1850) W. B. Clarke Wreck of Favorite 39 "After the..blubber, whalebone, and jaw-bones are removed,..the remaining part, called `the kreng', is left to become the food of sharks and birds. "
kunzite .
(1962) R. Webster Gems I. vii. 129 "Kunzite shows a golden-pink or orange glow under long-wave ultra-violet light, and a similar but much weaker effect is seen under the short-wave ultra-violet lamp. Under an x-ray beam kunzite shows a very strong orange fluorescence with a strong and persistent afterglow. When the phosphorescence has died away the stone is found to have changed its colour to a bluish-green; this remains stable provided that the stone is kept away from a stong light. "
Kupferschiefer .
(1879) Encycl. Brit. X. 352/1 "The Kupfer-schiefer contains numerous fish..and remains of plants. "
L ,
(1925) Russell &. Saunders in Astrophysical Jrnl. LXI. 61 "Their remaining properties may be explained on the assumption that the two displaced electrons have fixed orbital momenta, L1, L2, of the amount indicated by Land&eacu., but that the inclination of their planes is quantized, so that the resultant angular momentum K may have any geometrically permissible value in the series 1/2, 3/2, [etc.]. "
lab , [sb. 2]
(1955) Times 26 July 10/5 "Everyone who did even elementary `stinks' at school remembers the name of Bunsen and his burner-even if nothing else remains in memory from those hours in the `labs'. "
label , [v.]
(1971) J. Z. Young Introd. Study Man v. 82 "These isotopes can be introduced into the body and used to `label' a particular compound and discover for how long it remains in the tissues. The isotope differs in nuclear mass from the normally occurring form..but this does not, in general, make it behave chemically in any markedly different way."
labium .
(1806) Med. Jrnl. XV. 21 "When the uterus remains within the labia. "
labour labor , [sb.]
(1927) Melody Maker Aug. 777/1 "Al Payne should have been leader, but the necessary *labour permits could not be obtained, and the band remains in America. "
lac (1) .
(1877) C. W. Thomson Voy. Challenger I. i. 15 "The different varnishes and lacs remain soft and sticky."
lace , [sb.]
(1964) Publ. Amer. Dial. Soc. xlii. 35 "The most common-place of these is the distinction between shanty- and lace-curtain Irish, i.e., those who remain in the lower-class communities near the center of the city..and those who move into lowermiddle-class communities and work hard to approximate the ideals of vulgar respectability. "
lacunar , [a.]
(1871) Huxley Anat. Inv. Anim. i. (1877) 57 "The venous system remains more or less lacunar. "
Ladin .
(1880) Encycl. Brit. XI. 205/1 "The remainder [of the inhabitants of the Grisons] use the Romansch or the Ladin dialect. "
lady , [sb.]
(1884) Peel City Guardian No. 26. 2/1 "The rest of the `Old Lady in Threadneedle-street' remained unbroken. "
(1832) J. Bree St. Herbert's Isle 19 "The burly thane..oft in *lady-bower would long remain. "
lagging , [vbl. sb. 2]
(1844) Port Phillip Patriot 22 July 2/6, "I remained with him five years after I served my `lagging'."
lagting .
(1957) Encycl. Brit. XVI. 556/1 "After the opening, parliament divides itself into two sections, the lagting consisting of 38 members and the odelsting of the remainder. "
lamented , [ppl. a.] (and [sb.] )
(1864) C. M. Yonge Trial I. ix. 172 "Depend upon it, the late lamented will remain in the ascendant till there are no breakers ahead. "
Lammas , [sb.]
(1792) Arch&ae.ol. Scot.] 198 "The name of *Lammas towers will remain..after the celebration of the festival has ceased. "
lamp , [sb. 1]
(1831) Soc. Life Eng. &. Fr. 411 "The lamp-iron yet remains at the corner of the Place de Greve, to which Foulon..was suspended in July 1790. "
lamprey .
(1831) R. Cox Adventures Columbia River I. vii. 149 "We got plenty of salmon while we remained here, and some lamprey eels, the latter of which were oily and very strong. "
lampyrine , [a.] and [sb.]
(1842) Brande Dict. Sci. etc. s.v. Lampyrin&ae., "The females of some of the Lampyrine tribe are apterous..and are luminous. All the Lampyrines, when seized, press their feet and antenn&ae. against their body, and remain as motionless as if they were dead."
land , [sb. 1]
(1841) J. F. Burke On Land-Drainage 4 "Remains have been found of some very ancient land-drains. "
(1894) H. Spencer in Westm. Gaz. 29 Aug. 8/2 "The stronger peoples have been land-thieves from the beginning, and have remained land-thieves down to the present hour. "
landmark , [sb.]
(1862) Mill Utilit. 5 "This..man, whose system of thought will long remain one of the land&dubh.marks in the history of philosophical speculation. "
land-tie .
(1715) Leoni Palladio's Archit. (1742) I. 82 "The Banks are exposed to be wash'd away by the Waters, whence the Bridge in such a case would become destitute of Land-tyes, and remain an Island. "
Langerhans .
(1965) Jrnl. Investigative Dermatol. XLV. 403/1 "The capability of Langerhans cells to synthesize melanin remains to be proven. "
language , [sb. 1]
(1956) Jrnl. Assoc. Computing Machinery III. 272 "In the development of an automatic coding system, two major problems arise. The first is to develop a coding language which permits a programmer to specify the computation he wants the machine to perform. Once this has been done, there remains the task of coding a compiler for a particular high speed calculator which will translate the language into actual machine instructions... The language described here is the one translated by the PACT I Compiling Routine into instructions for the IBM Type 701. "
languish , [sb.]
(1718) Entertainer xix. 129 "Religion is upon the Languish, and only the Ghost of Godliness remains. "
languishment .
(A. 1711) Ken Hymnotheo Poet. Wks. 1721 III. 237 "As a chast Dove..For her dead Mate a lively Love retains, And in continued Languishment remains. "
lap , [sb. 3]
(C. 1850) Rudim. Navig. (Weale) 128 "Laps, the remaining part of the ends of carlings, &.c. which are to bear a great weight or pressure, such as the capstan-step. "
lap , [v. 2]
(1727) Swift Gulliver ii. i, "I..laid myself at full length upon the handkerchief, with the remainder of which he lapped me up to the head. "
lapel .
(1940) Chambers's Techn. Dict. 486/2 "Lapel microphone, a small microphone, worn on the lapel; suitable for use when the speaker is addressing an audience, or when he cannot remain in a stable position. "
lapse , [sb.]
(1660) H. More Myst. Godl. v. xvii. 206 "Suspecting our selves not to have emerged quite out of this General Apostasy of the Church, into which the Spirit of God has foretold she would be lapsed for 1260 years; let us see if we can find out what Remainders of this Lapse are still upon us. "
lapwing .
(1633) T. Stafford Pac. Hib. ii. iii. (1810) 239 "And left the Wood with the Lapwings policie; that they being busied in pursuite of them, the other might remaine secure within that Fastnesse. "
larach .
(A. 1774) Fergusson Farmer's Ingle Poems (1845) 38 "In its auld lerroch yet the deas remains. "
lardiner .
(1469) Househ. Ord. (1790) 93 "To see the remaines hadde into the lardre, and the lardener to be charged with it. "
large , [a.] , [adv.] , and [sb.]
(1949) W. Kneale Probability &. Induction 141 "As an illustration of the importance of the law of large numbers in practical affairs it will be sufficient to mention the business of insurance... The greater the number of persons insuring with the company, the greater the probability that the company's finances will remain sound. "
(1907) Daily Chron. 9 Dec. 3/3 "Schumann is a minor poet among musicians. We remember his lesser things..and remain cold to his large-scale pieces. "
(1833) I. Taylor Fanat. vi. 169 "The tremendous doctrine of eternal perdition..will remain at large..to be drawn on this side or that as may best subserve the purposes of intimidation."
larum , [sb.]
(1588) Shaks. Tit. A. i. i. 147 "Remaineth nought but..with low'd Larums [to] welcome them to Rome. "
lascar .
(1625) Purchas Pilgrims I. v. 650, "I caused all my Laskayres to remaine aboord the Vnicorne. "
last , [a.] , [adv.] , and [sb. 6]
(1697) Dryden Virg. Georg. iv. 274 "Having spent the last Remains of Light. "
(1885) Daily News 1 Sept. 2/5 "At half-distance the positions remained unaltered, and, as they began the last lap, it appeared to be any one's race. "
late , [a. 1] ( [sb. 2] )
(1884) Times (weekly ed.) 5 Sept. 1/1 "The remains of the late Lord Ampthill."
latency .
(1910) A. A. Brill tr. Freud's Three Contrib. to Sexual Theory ii. 39 "Sexual activity remains throughout the whole duration of the latency period until the reinforced breaking through of the sexual impulse in puberty. "
latent , [a.]
(1931) Phytopathology XXI. 593 "A virus remaining latent or producing a mosaic in some varieties may cause a well-defined necrotic effect in others. "
(1885) Watson &. Burbury Math. Theory Electr. &. Magn. I. 83 "The fluid of either kind in any electrified body in excess of that of the opposite kind is called the Free Electricity of the body, and the remaining fluids of the body, consisting of equal amounts of fluids of opposite kinds, together constitute what is called the Latent, Combined or Fixed Electricity of the body."
latero- ,
(1869) T. H. Tanner Pract. Med. (ed. 6) II. 349 "Where the uterus is bent and its fundus fixed to the right or left side, the cervix remaining in the median line (latero&dubh.flexion) this deviation from the natural position will [etc.]. "
lates .
(1921) W. Radcliffe Fishing from Earliest Times xxv. 326 "A picture of a bronze mummy-case containing remains of a small Lates."
Latian , [a.]
(1849) Macaulay Hist. Eng. i. (1874) 4 "No magnificent remains of Latian porches..are to be found in Britain. "
Latinity .
(1831) Carlyle Sart. Res. (1858) 81, "I undertook to compose his Epitaph..which, however, for an alleged defect of Latinity..still remains unengraven. "
(1865) Merivale Rom. Emp. VIII. lxiv. 100 "The last remains we possess of classical Latinity are the biographies of the later emperors."
Latinize , [v.]
(1866) Cornhill Mag. May 539 "Gaul was Latinized in language, manners, and laws, and yet her people remained essentially Celtic. "
lavender , [sb. 2] and [a.]
(1959) W. S. Sharps Dict. Cinematogr. 106/1 "Lavender, the name given to an obsolescent type of master positive stock with a lavender tinted base. The name remains in use to describe a master positive. "
lavishment .
(1662) J. Chandler Van Helmont's Oriat. 273 "This..might..remain safe for a long time, without a lavishment of the health. "
lay , [v. 1]
(1861) Dickens Gt. Expect. xliii, "How long we might have remained in this ridiculous position it is impossible to say, but for the incursion of three thriving farmers-laid on by the waiter I think-who came into the coffee-room. "
layer , [sb.]
(1885) Harper's Mag. Jan. 276/1 "Hides remain in a `first layer' for six or eight days. The same process is repeated in a `second layer' in other vats for about two weeks, and in a third, or `splitting layer', for about four weeks."
lazaretto .
(1789) Mrs. Piozzi Journ. France I. 77 "The Lazaretto..remains a standing monument of his piety. "
(1615) G. Sandys Trav. 227 "To be conueyed by him vnto the Lazaretta, there to remaine for thirtie or fortie dayes before I could be admitted into the Citie. "
lazulite .
(1849) Macaulay Hist. Eng. viii. II. 268 "In that princely house where the remains of Ignatius Loyola lie enshrined in lazulite and gold. "
lead , [sb. 1]
(1973) Thomas &. Farago Industr. Chem. viii. 133 "The lead-chamber process is by no means obsolete.., and is likely to remain in operation for the production of acid not exceeding 78 per cent in concentration..and where high purity is not essential. "
leaf , [sb. 1]
(1974) A. Huxley Plant &. Planet vii. 57 "In which vein the xylem and phloem fit together, so that the sugars from the leaf cells can be passed into the remainder of the plant. "
(1954) S. Piggott Neolithic Cultures x. 295 "`Leaf bed' with no large vegetable remains, 3-4 ft. thick. "
leaf , [v.]
(1936) J. G. Cozzens Men &. Brethren II. 175 "Ernest..leafed over the remaining letters. "
leak , [sb.]
(1971) Engineering Apr. 92/2 (Advt.), "Instant..safe..leakproof joints... A pipeline which is flexible while remaining absolutely leak-proof."
lean , [v. 3]
(1887) J. T. Brown in Fish. &. Fish. Industr. U.S. V. Hist. &. Meth. 282 "The mate remains and `leans' the blubber from the carcass."
learned , [ppl. a.]
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) VI. 579 "The learned Judges having given their opinion..there is nothing remaining for the consideration of the House."
lease , [v. 4]
(1927) T. Woodhouse Artificial Silk 67 "It is quite possible that all the remaining hanks have already been leased."
leave , [v. 1]
(1709) J. Ward Introd. Math. ii. ii. §.2 (1734) 150, "a &min. b Taken from a + b Leaves + 2b for the Remainder. "
(1865) Tylor Early Hist. Man. i. 7 "They think that in sleep the soul sometimes remains in the body, and sometimes leaves it, and travels far away. "
(1604) E. G[rimstone] D'Acosta's Hist. Indies iii. xv. 169 "But now that we have left the sea, let vs come to other kinde of waters that remaine to be spoken of."
leaven , [sb.]
(1875) Stubbs Const. Hist. III. xxi. 542 "The evil leaven of these feelings remained."
lebensspur .
(1962) R. C. Moore Treat. Invertebr. Paleont. 179/2 "Many fossils..which have now been identified as Lebensspuren, were considered to be remains of marine algae. "
lecture , [sb.]
(1854) in Willis &. Clark Cambridge (1886) III. 168 "The Museum, and *Lecture-Theatre remain as at present. "
ledger , [sb.] and [a.]
(1553) S. Cabot Ordinances in Hakluyt Voy. (1589) 259 "To put the same into a common leger to remain of record for the companie. "
(A. 1656) Ussher Ann. vi. (1658) 434 "Astymedes remained Lieger at Rome, that he might know what things were transacted. "
Lee-Enfield .
(1970) F. Wilkinson Guns 135 "In 1895 the Lee-Enfield rifle was introduced and was to remain the standard arm until 1902 when a shorter version was approved. This, the Short Magazine Lee-Enfield, was to continue in service..through two world wars."
lee-way leeway
(1762) Falconer Shipwr. ii. 576 "The angle of lee-way, seven points, remain'd. "
left , [a.] , [adv.] , and [sb.]
(1845) M. Pattison Ess. (1889) I. 28 "A prison..the ruins of which long after, remained on the left bank of the Seine. "
legalized , [ppl. a.]
(1878) Dowden Stud. Lit. 332 "The Church remained in the legalised servitude to which Napoleon had reduced it."
legger (2) .
(1927) T. Woodhouse Artificial Silk 95 "In the manufacture of stockings on such frames two machines are used... One of these machines, termed the `legger', knits the upper and longer part of the stocking, whereas the other machine, termed the `footer', knits the remainder of the stocking."
legitimate , [a.]
(1804) Europ. Mag. XLV. 347/2 "The above remarks do not apply to what I shall call collections of legitimate remains. "
leitmotiv .
(1955) Times 28 May 8/4 "But the method remains, the orchestral tapestry of leitmotifs is more resplendent than ever, the drama is even more closely knit into the texture of sound. "
lemurian , [a.]
(1893) A. Newton Dict. Birds 355 "Lemurian remains have been found fossil in France."
Lengua .
(1822) S. Coleridge tr. Dobrizhoffer's Acct. Abipones I. 125 "The equestrian nations remaining in Chaco, and still formidable to the Spaniards, are the Abipones,..and Oekakakalots, Guaycurus, or Lenguas. "
Leninism .
(1959) Times Lit. Suppl. 21 Aug. 479/3 "The remainder of the book follows more familiar lines, Leninism being opposed to Stalinism. "
lepidine , [a.]
(1859) Todd Cycl. Anat. V. 481/2 "In C the scale widening..the edges of its `Lepidine' layer do not remain in contact with the ganoin layer."
leprolin .
(1934) Brit. Med. Jrnl. 21 Apr. 703/2 "The typical reaction to leprolin..when applied to healthy persons in an area free from endemic leprosy, differs from the intracutaneous tuberculin reaction in remaining for some days negative or doubtful. "
less , [a.] ( [sb.] ), [adv.] , and [conj.]
(1695) Alingham Geom. Epit. i, "a&min.b is thus read a less b, or the remainder after b is taken from a. "
let , [sb. 1]
(1549) Act 3 &. 4 Edw. VI, c. 1 §.2 "The said Offices have remained void for a long Time, to the great Let of Justice. "
let , [v. 1]
(1947) Jrnl. R. Aeronaut. Soc. LI. 391/2 "There remain the periods when so many accidents occur, just after taking off, or when the aircraft is letting down to land. "
lethal , [a.] and [sb.]
(1973) K. Mather Genetical Struct. Populations ii. 21 "Not all genes that affect viability are, however, completely lethal. Of some 3000 chromosomes tested in Drosophila willistoni..over 35% carried genes that were lethal or semi-lethal. About half of the remainder carried other genes affecting the viability of flies homozygous for them."
letter , [sb. 1]
(1894) Mark Twain in Century Mag. Apr. 822 "Tom's conduct had remained letter-perfect during two whole months. "
levantinize [v.]
(1930) Times Lit. Suppl. 4 Sept. 691/1 "The rest of the Turks remained farmers..and thereby escaped the contamination of the Levantinized Ottomanism. "
(1597) in St. Papers, Dom. 360 "There remain 70 ships of all sorts: six Levantiscoes."
leverage , [sb.]
(1882) Knowledge No. 19. 403/2 "The actual leverage increases as A W is increased, supposing the oar's length to remain unchanged."
levitate , [v.]
(1859) Herschel Fam. Lect. Sci. Subj. iii. §.45 (1866) 131 "The levitating portion of it being hurried off-the gravitating remaining behind. "
levy , [v.]
(1786) Burke W. Hastings Wks. 1842 II. 135 "Levying the tribute of the whole on the little that remained. "
lexically , [adv.]
(1862) Marsh Orig. Eng. Lang. 48 "The Anglo-Saxon is not grammatically or lexically identifiable with the extant remains of any continental dialect. "
liaise , [v.]
(1959) Guardian 15 Oct. 10/7 "He would expect absolute obedience from his subordinates... It remains to be seen whether he could also `liaise' successfully. "
liaison .
(1974) Country Life 5 Dec. 1814/2 "Florence..remained..a home from home for the British... It is a liaison that seems to have lasted happily down the years."
libel , [sb.]
(1694) Dryden To Sir G. Kneller 163 "Good heav'n! that sots and knaves should be so vain, To wish their vile resemblance may remain! And stand recorded, at their own request, To future days, a libel or a jest! "
liberal , [a.] and [sb.]
(1868) M. Pattison Academ. Org. v. 192 "The distinction..will always remain as fundamental between the liberal and professional. "
liberation .
(1952) Ann. Reg. 1951 "`Liberation' of the island [sc. Formosa] remained one of the primary stated objectives of the r&eacu.gime. "
liberty , [sb. 1]
(1758) J. Blake Plan Mar. Syst. 12 "They shall be allowed to complete the remainder of the aforesaid time of liberty. "
libidinal , [a.]
(1957) Essays in Crit. VII. 333 "There remains the charge of brutality and its libidinal content. "
(1667) Waterhouse Fire Lond. 70 "Mr. Spencer, the..Aboriginal Librarier, yet living, and yet faithfully attending the remains of the Books."
libratory , [a.]
(1804) C. B. Brown tr. Volney's View Soil U.S. 203 "Just as the sea experiences a libratory motion, while its interior currents remain undisturbed. "
license licence , [v.]
(1603) Florio Montaigne ii. iii. 210 "I wil now departe, and licence the remainder of my soule [F. donner cong&eacu. aux restes de mon ame]. "
lichenist .
(1862) Ansted Channel Isl. ii. viii. (ed. 2) 189 "A glance at a few of the more obscure genera,..will convince every lichenist that much yet remains to be done."
lidded , [ppl. a.]
(1820) Keats Cap &. Bells xx. Poems (1889) 527 "One minute's while his eyes remain'd Half lidded, piteous, languid, innocent. "
lie , [v. 1]
(1756-7) tr. Keysler's Trav. (1760) III. 104 "Here lie the remains of Giacomo Sanseverini. "
(1867) Smyth Sailor's Word-bk., "Lie off! an order given to a boat to remain off on her oars till permission is given for her to come alongside. "
Liebfraumilch .
(1967) A. Lichine Encycl. Wines 323/1 "Rheinhessen wines, distinctive in their own right, are so named; the remainder call themselves Liebfraumilch. "
Lied lied .
(1876) Stainer &. Barrett Dict. Mus. Terms 274/2 "The German lied, the sacred lied or chorale..was founded upon the ecclesiastical modes and remained unchanged until the days of the Minnesingers. "
lieutenant .
(1636) E. Dacres tr. Machiavel's Disc. Livy II. 639 "Fulvius remaining Lieftenant in the army..for that the Consull was gon to Rome. "
life , [sb.]
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) IV. 211 "To the use of himself for life, remainder to his wife for life. "
(1909) Daily Chron. 3 Sept. 1/1 "The weather improved, but there still remained a light *life-sapping wind which drove despair to its lowest recess. "
lift , [v.]
(1892) E. Reeves Homeward Bound 334 "She had come over to Paris to lift his remains and remove them to another place. "
light , [sb.]
(1697) Dryden Virg. Georg. iv. 274 "Then having spent the last Remains of Light, They give their Bodies due Repose at Night. "
(1900) W. H. Rivers in E. A. Schä.fer Textbk. Physiol. II. 1080 "If the eye remained in a condition of *light-adaptation, red and blue..became gradually blacker. "
(1972) Billingham &. Jenkins in A. D. Jenkins Polymer Sci. I. ii. 147 "Despite the complexity and expense of the technique, light scattering remains one of the most useful techniques for the determination of weight average molecular weights of polymers. "
light , [a. 1]
(1960) M. Golesworthy Encycl. Boxing 210/2 "Light-heavyweight-Started in America in 1903 by Lou Houseman, manager of Jack Root, who had outgrown the middleweight division. The limit was set at 12 st. 7 lbs. (175 lbs.) and it remains at that figure today. The division was first recognised in Britain in 1913. "
lightening , [ppl. a.]
(1592) Constable Poems (1859) 1 "As my heart shall aye remaine A patient object to thy lightning eyes. "
light-heeled [a.]
(1796) Mrs. M. Robinson Angelina II. 26 "Has not Mr. Amathist espoused the venerable remains of a light-heeled Calypso?"
lightning , [sb.]
(1814) W. Bentley Diary (1914) IV. 262 "The post remained, retained on the side of the steeple by the *Lightning conductors. "
lignin .
(1822) Imison Sci. &. Art II. 131 "When a piece of wood has been boiled in water and in alkohol..what remains insoluble is the woody fibre, or lignin. "
lignite .
(1872) Nicholson Pal&ae.ont. 501 "The lignites of Austria have yielded very numerous plant-remains."
lignitic , [a.]
(1884) Manch. Exam. 20 Aug. 6/3 "Large masses of peat, lignitic branches..and animal remains."
lignous , [a.]
(1831) J. Davies Man. Mat. Med. 75 "The remainder is a lignous substance. "
liking , [vbl. sb. 1]
(1832) Miss Wordsworth Loving &. Liking in Wordsw. Poet. Wks. I. 251 "Likings come, and pass away; 'Tis love that remains till our latest day. "
limb , [sb. 2]
(1528) Lyndesay Dreme 360 "That was the Lymbe, in the quhilk did remaine Our Fore-fatheris, because Adam offendit. "
limbeck , [sb.]
(1660) Jer. Taylor Duct. Dubit. ii. iii. rule xiv. §.29 (1676) 372 "The remaining part [of the books of the Fathers] have passed through the limbecks and strainers of Hereticks [etc.]. "
limber , [a.]
(1859) Wraxall tr. R. Houdin iii. 27 "The fingers remaining perfectly free and limber. "
limbic , [a.]
(1957) H. H. Jasper et al. Reticular Formation Brain 665 "There is no doubt that all the varied elementary somatomotor and vegetative mechanisms so clearly influenced by limbic stimulation remain essentially undisturbed after bilateral limbic lesions. "
lime , [sb. 1]
(1885) C. T. Davis Manuf. Leather xxxii. 525 "When sufficiently softened the skins are next placed in the `limes'... The goat-skins remain in the `limes' about 14 days. "
lime , [sb. 3]
(1797) Coleridge `This lime-tree bower' 2 "Here must I remain, This lime-tree bower my prison! "
Limerick .
(1953) M. Powys Lace &. Lace-Making iv. 35 "Limerick lace, embroidered net, Irish, 19th century... This type of lace is made in all the countries, including America and India. It is light, pretty and easy to produce. Limerick remains the finest of the kind. "
limestone .
(1813) Bakewell Introd. Geol. (1815) 86 "No organic remains are found in the crystalline lime-stone."
linaria .
(1741) Compl. Fam.-Piece ii. iii. 367 "Double Violets yet remain, Linaria's. "
linden , [sb.]
(1855) J. Hewitt Anc. Armour I. 78 "The shields placed in the graves were the ordinary `lindens', of which no part commonly remains but the metal-boss and handle."
line , [sb. 1]
(1851) Illustr. Catal. Gt. Exhib. 278 "The long fibres called line, which remains in the hand of the heckler."
line , [sb. 2]
(1968) W. Safire New Lang. Politics 190/2 "`Holding the line against inflation' remains a clich&eacu., taken from a football metaphor (`Hold-that-line!') which in turn comes from a military expression. "
(1818) Jas. Mill Brit. India II. iv. v. 188 "Carnac..remained..to lend his countenance and aid to measures, the line of which he had contributed to draw. "
(1894) A. T. Snell Electr. Motive Power iv. 126 "The *line loss remains constant when the percentage of the line drop is kept the same for variations of supply pressure. "
lineage .
(1934) R. H. Lowie Introd. Cultural Anthropol. xiv. 254 "A clan including only descendants of a single ancestor is a `lineage'. Commonly it includes members of two or more lineages, but the concept remains the same. "
liner (2) .
(1963) Reshaping of Brit. Railways (Brit. Railways Board) 142 "The description `Liner Train' is applied to a conception of transport based upon joint use of road and rail for door-to-door transport of containerised merchandise, with special purpose, through-running, scheduled trains providing the trunk haul... The Liner Train..is a train of chassis which will remain continuously coupled... The speed will be a maximum of 75 and an average of 50 miles an hour. "
linger , [v.]
(A. 1774) Goldsm. Hist. Greece II. 239 "They..left him to linger in this manner, unattended, the remains of his wretched life."
lingering [ppl. a.]
(1878) Huxley Physiogr. 203 "The lingering remains of volcanic activity."
lining , [vbl. sb. 1]
(1813) Eustace Italy I. vii. 281 "Some fragments of marble linings..remain to attest the ancient magnificence of this port. "
(1938) Burlington Mag. July 34/2 "Pasted inside [a hanging food cupboard] are the remains of a seventeenth-century lining-paper. "
link , [sb. 2]
(1816) Byron Pris. Chillon xi, "My broken chain With links unfasten'd did remain. "
(1946) J. W. Vale Aviation Mechanic's Engine Manual i. 16 "The master rod forms a bearing on the main crankpin and the remaining link rods form a bearing on the knuckle pin arrangement of the master rod assembly. "
linkage .
(1940) Chambers's Techn. Dict. 503/2 "Linkage group, a group of hereditary characteristics which remain associated with one another through a number of generations. "
linked , [ppl. a.]
(1872-6) Voyle &. Stevenson Milit. Dict. (ed. 3) 232 "These regiments are termed linked, and in the case of one of the regiments going or being on foreign service requiring men to make up its numbers, soldiers are drafted from the regiment remaining at home. "
linkman (2)
(1968) K. Bird Smash Glass Image v. 59 "One of my qualities as newsreader and linkman was that I remained cool in a crisis. "
Link Trainer .
(1952) New Biol. XIII. 51 "In some respects this apparatus resembled the Link Trainer, but for a number of reasons it was constructed so that, unlike the Link, it remained stationary. "
lint (1) .
(1877) Encycl. Brit. VI. 483/1 "When this [sc. ginning] is done there remains of the bulk, as gathered from the tree, about one-third of clean cotton fit for manufacturing purposes, and two-thirds of seed. The separation of the seed from the lint is accomplished by different methods. "
lion , [sb.]
(1662) Merrett tr. Neri's Art of Glass xlii, "In the bottom there will remain a Lion colour. "
lip , [sb.]
(1855) Stephens Bk. Farm (ed. 2) II. 575/2 "The remainder should be placed on the ditch lip on the headridge. "
(1906) Bio-Chem. Jrnl. II. 22 "Case XV, also not *lipaemic, was allowed a fat-rich diet, but five days later the lipaemic condition was absent, and has remained so. "
lipoidosis .
(1962) Lancet 13 Jan. 64/1 "When infections, blood dyscrasias, lipoidoses, reticuloses,..and congenital fibrosis..are excluded there remain some instances in which no obvious disorder can be demonstrated."
liquefaction .
(1768-74) Tucker Lt. Nat. (1834) I. 12 "The qualities of fire remain the same, whether you throw gold or clay into it; yet upon casting in the latter no liquefaction will ensue. "
liquidate , [v.]
(1891) Daily News 15 Jan. 2/2 "A substantial surplus will remain for division among the partners of the liquidated firm. "
listen , [sb.]
(1807) tr. Three Germans II. 30 "He remained upon the silent listen. "
listless , [a.]
(1697) Dryden Virg. Georg. iv. 378 "The sick..idle in their empty Hives remain, Benum'd with Cold, and listless of their Gain. "
lithic , [a. 1] and [sb.]
(1971) Nature 6 Aug. 383/2 "Although other human remains that may be attributed provisionally to Homo erectus have been found at Olduvai,..the discoveries at [site] WK are the first occasion on which a well represented lithic industry has been directly associated. "
lithoglyph .
(1862) Burton Bk. Hunter 3 "If there be any remains of sculpture on the stone, it becomes a lythoglyph or a hieroglyph."
lithotome .
(1846) Brittan tr. Malgaigne's Man. Oper. Surg. 521 "It only remains to incise the prostate and neck of the bladder in withdrawing the lithotome."
Lithuanian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1839) Penny Cycl. XIV. 53 "The bulk of the Lithuanian nation remained faithful to their idols. "
litter , [sb.]
(1861) Delamer Fl. Garden 22 "Agapanthus..may be permitted to remain throughout the winter in the open ground, under a covering of litter or leaves."
little , [a.] , [adv.] , and [sb.]
(1789) Burns Upon seeing a wounded hare, "Go, live, poor wanderer of the wood and field, The bitter little that of life remains. "
(1847) Grote Greece (1862) III. xxix. 73 "The little of his poems which remains. "
(1604) E. G[rimstone] D'Acosta's Hist. Indies vii. x. 523 "The Mexicaines by this meanes, remained much eased and content, but it lasted little."
lituus .
(1839) Penny Cycl. XIV. 58 "Lituus, a name given to a spiral thus described:-Let a variable circular sector always have its centre at one fixed point, and one of its terminal radii in a given direction. Let the area of the sector always remain the same; then the extremity of the other terminal radius describes the lituus. The polar equation of this spiral is r2&theta. = a."
livery , [sb.]
(1829) Scott Rob Roy xix, "There was a necessity..for arresting the horse, and placing him in Baillie Trumbull's stable, therein to remain at livery, at the rate of twelve shillings (Scotch) per diem."
(1972) Times 13 Oct. 17/7 "London Transport's intention can be simply stated. It is that the livery of the bus fleet will remain red, with a very strictly limited number offered to advertisers for all-over painted designs. "
living , [ppl. a.]
(1735) Somerville Chase i. 59 "What remains On living Coals they broil. "
loading , [vbl. sb.]
(1867) C. Walford Insur. Guide 329 "There will still remain..a considerable surplus, after paying all proper expenses, out of the loading of the premiums. "
loaf , [sb. 1]
(1604) E. G[rimstone] D'Acosta's Hist. Indies iv. xii. 244 "They put all the mettall into a cloth, which they straine out,..and the rest remaines as a loafe of silver. "
loan , [v.]
(1740) Connect. Col. Rec. (1874) VIII. 320 "The remainder of the said thirty thousand pounds..shall be loaned out to particular persons. "
locating , [ppl. a.]
(1816-30) Bentham Offic. Apt. Maximized, Extract Const. Code (1830) 55 "The locating functionaries will..remain in possession of a power of choice, altogether arbitrary. "
locator .
(1902) Cyclists' Touring Club Gaz. Aug. 359/1 "A spicule of flint..pierced my tube, but kindly remained in evidence as a locater. "
lock , [v. 1]
(1879) Stainer Music of Bible 157 "Their secrets remain for ever locked up."
(1833) Ht. Martineau Briery Creek iv. 73 "The money he had locked up in land would never be productive while he remained its owner. "
(1972) Computer Jrnl. XV. 194/2 "Another circumstance in which an investigation..is called for is when a record that has been locked out preparatory to being updated remains locked out for an unreasonable time."
locked , [ppl. a.]
(1942) H. Haycraft Murder for Pleasure vi. 104 "The Mystery of the Yellow Room..remains..the most brilliant of all `locked room' novels. "
locker , [sb. 1]
(1887) Pall Mall G. 18 Oct. 4/1 "Young men may remain out until twelve on leaving their names with the locker-up. "
locking , [vbl. sb. 1]
(1884) F. J. Britten Watch &. Clockm. 144 "In this form of the lever escapement the pallets have not less than 10°. of motion. Of this amount 2°. are used for locking, and the remainder for impulse. The amount of locking is to some extent dependent on the size of the escapement... The lighter the locking the better. "
lock-on .
(1971) Time 15 Feb. 8 "As Antares swooped below that altitude, its radar remained inactive. `C'mon, radar,' Mitchell implored. `Get the lock-on.'"
locomotor , [sb.] and [a.]
(1881) Nature XXIII. 280 "The peculiar metamorphosis enables the larva to remain..adapted to a locomotor life."
(1544) Extracts Aberd. Reg. 193 "For furnesing of ane thowsand horse to remain with the locumtenant on the bordouris, for resisting of our auld ennimeis of Ingland. "
locus , [sb. 1]
(1922) F. Klaeber Beowulf 214 "This passage remains..a `*locus desperatus'. "
locust , [sb.]
(1855) Cornwall 25 "Locust-like, they had devoured the edibles, and left us remains which were neither tender nor tempting. "
lodge , [sb.]
(1830) Bp. Monk Life Bentley 115 "The dean..allowed the &pstlg.170 to remain in Bentley's hands..to be expended in purchasing furniture for the master's lodge. "
loft , [v.]
(1785) Washington Notes Writings 1891 XII. 229 "The remainder of the Crop which was measured and lofted must be accted. for by the Overseer."
log , [sb. 1]
(1808) Ashe Travels I. 302 "The town..has in its centre, the remains of an old *Log Guard. "
log , [v. 1]
(1699) Dampier Voy. II. ii. 80 "A Tree..so thick that after it is log'd it remains still too great a Burthen for one Man. "
(1891) R. Wallace Rural Econ. Austral. &. N.Z. xv. 232 "When the burning is badly done the seed cannot be properly sown; the rubbish lies thick over the ground and the whole has to be gone over again and `logged-up', else the land is thrown temporarily out of use..while the owner waits for the remaining rubbish to decay. "
logical , [a.] (and [sb.] )
(1943) Mind LII. 272 "An exhaustive formulation of logical truth remains a worthy undertaking. "
loin , [sb.]
(1859) R. F. Burton Centr. Afr. in Jrnl. Geogr. Soc. XXIX. 324 "The remainder of the dress is a *loin-cloth of white domestics or of indigo dyed cotton. "
Lombard , [sb. 1] and [a.]
(1901) Westm. Gaz. 26 Mar. 4/2 "Sodoma remained to the end a Lombardesque artist."
London pride
(1882) Garden 11 Feb. 92/2 "The London Pride remains fresh and bright all through the winter."
lone , [a.]
(1843) W. B. Dewees Lett. from Early Settler Texas (1852) 246 "The lone star of Texas shall continue to wave proudly in the air as long as one brave Texan remains to defend it. "
(1712-14) Pope Rape Lock iv. 154 "Oh had I rather un&dubh.admir'd remain'd In some lone isle, or distant Northern land. "
long , [a. 1]
(1974) Times 10 Jan. 10/1 "With long grain rice, when correctly cooked, the grains remain separate. "
(1862) Cavendish Whist (1870) 29 "*Long cards are cards of a suit remaining in one hand after the remainder of the suit is played. "
long , [adv.]
(1796) Mrs. E. Parsons Myst. Warning IV. 242 "You shall..remain..till I have discovered the whole of your vile plot, which will not be long first. "
(1845) M. Pattison Ess. (1889) I. 28 "A prison..the ruins of which long after remained on the left bank of the Seine. "
longing , [vbl. sb. 1]
(1644) Digby Nat. Bodies xxxviii. 335 "The longing markes which are often times seene in children, and do remaine with them all their life."
long-line long line
(1929) W. E. Leonard in Malone &. Ruud Studies Eng. Philol. in Honor of F. Klaeber 7 "The law of the meter remains, an eight-beat long-line. "
longueur .
(1974) Times 6 Mar. 14/8 "A perfect committee man, he would remain wholly silent-and even asleep-during the longueurs not unknown in university meetings."
loop , [sb. 1]
(1924) R. Beaumont Carpets &. Rugs vii. 262 "The *loop pile may wear flat or bare, but it remains part of the carpet structure. "
loop , [sb. 2]
(1797) Mrs. Radcliffe Italian i. (1826) 12 "Some remains of massy walls, still exhibited loops for archers. "
looped , [ppl. a. 1]
(1888) J. Paton in Encycl. Brit. XXIV. 467/1 "Looped pile is any fabric in which the woven loops remain uncut, as in Brussels and tapestry carpets, and terry velvets."
lop , [v. 1]
(1813) Sir H. Davy Agric. Chem. (1814) 259 "By lopping trees, more nourishment is supplied to the remaining parts."
lophiodon .
(1833) Lyell Princ. Geol. III. 221 "Cuvier also mentions the remains of a species of lophiodon as occurring among the bones in the Upper Val d'Arno. "
loppered , [ppl. a.]
(1597) Lowe Chirurg. (1634) 381 "There remaineth lappered bloud. "
loss , [sb. 1]
(1925) New Yorker 22 Aug. 9/1 "When the fighting was over she remained... Our loss was their gain. "
lost , [ppl. a.]
(1830) Lyell Princ. Geol. I. 4 "The imperfect remains of lost species of animals and plants. "
lot , [sb.]
(1884) tr. Lotze's Logic 400 "The only remaining possibility is either the lot, or the decision of some external will."
(1850) Bohn's Handbk. Games 327 (Lottery), "One of them [dealers] deals a card to each player; all these cards are to remain turned, and are called the lots. "
lot , [v.]
(1891) E. Chase Dartmouth Coll. I. 611 "The remainder of the grant..was lotted, and some of it rented on long leases about 1821."
loud-hail [v.]
(1943) Combined Operations, 1940-42 (Ministry of Information) xvii. 130 "We `closed' the `Calpe', struggling with our loud-hailing equipment which remained resolutely silent. "
lounge , [v.]
(1879) Froude C&ae.sar 104 "He then returned to Rome to lounge away the remainder of his days in voluptuous magnificence."
lour lower , [v.]
(1746) Wesley Wks. (1872) II. 21 "The other part [of the crowd] remained a little way off, and loured defiance."
(C. 1600) F. Davison Ps. cxxxii. in Farr S.P. Eliz. (1845) II. 328 "Where this love-knot remaines vnbroken, God heapes of blisse doth send."
loverless , [a.]
(1824) Miss Mitford Village Ser. i. 64 "She paid her faithless suitor the compliment of remaining loverless for three weary months. "
low , [a.] and [sb.]
(1964) V. J. Chapman Coastal Vegetation vi. 156 "After flooding by the tide, water may remain in the low for some time. "
low , [adv.]
(1832) Ld. Houghton in T. W. Reid Life I. 122 "The doctor here tells me that I..must live very low while I remain in Rome. "
(1774) Warton Hist. Eng. Poetry (1840) II. 108 "This alliterative measure..remained in use so low as the sixteenth century. "
lowbrow low-brow , [sb.] and [a.]
(1974) Country Life 9 May 1126/2 "Another enormous price was the &pstlg.22,000 paid..for a mid-18th-century print of an actor by Toyonobu;..but, as all the subjects of such prints..seem to me to represent deplorably ham actors, I remain wholly unimpressed. Now I come to think of it, what a low-brow criticism."
loyal , [a.] and [sb.]
(1611) Shaks. Cymb. iii. ii. 47 "So he wishes you all happinesse, that remaines loyall to his Vow, and your encreasing in Loue. "
lubricator .
(183.) E. J. Woolsey in Ure Dict. Arts (1839) 782 "When you wish to see the quantity of oil remaining in the lubricator. "
(1871) C. H. Owen Mod. Artillery 133 "The solid residue (from the powder) left within the bore after firing, would..foul the bore if allowed to remain in it; but this residue is got rid of by the lubricator. The lubricator consists of three parts. "
lucent , [a.]
(1865) Merivale Rom. Emp. VIII. lxiv. 126 "Remains have been detected, at the bottom of the lucent Nemi, of a wooden ship or raft."
luck , [sb.]
(1576) Fleming Panopl. Epist. 83 "One refuge yet remaineth, that is patiently to suffer what so euer lucke allotteth. "
lucubrator .
(1775) S. J. Pratt Liberal Opin. cxxiii. (1783) IV. 137, "I remained in his lucubratory, which, in point of exterior, surpassed everything but the lucubrator. "
Lullian , [a.]
(1933) Times Lit. Suppl. 29 June 433/2 "No records remain to us of the early Centenaries, but their nature can be safely deduced from that of the Lullian cult, which was practised for hundreds of years both in Majorca and on the mainland. "
Lumiere .
(1966) LaCour &. Lathrop Photo Technol. xv. 194/2 "To produce the Lumiere Autochrome plate, starch grains were pulverized and one third dyed blue, one third dyed green and the remaining grains dyed red. The colored grains were remixed and spread in a very thin layer on a glass plate."
lumination .
(1858) Motley Dutch Rep. Hist. Introd. vii. 39 "The liberty of the Netherlands, notwithstanding several brilliant but brief luminations,..seemed to remain in almost perpetual eclipse."
lumpers , [sb. pl.]
(1960) Economist 23 July 352/2 "They all give the impression that they remain happiest when a colonial official takes his `lumpers' (lump sum compensation) and retires for good. "
lumpy , [a.]
(1845) G. E. Day tr. Simon's Anim. Chem. I. 293 "The blood remained perfectly fluid and slightly lumpy. "
(1885) Times 30 July 9/6 "The soaked rice when subjected to steam-heat is liable to form a lumpy porridge instead of a mess in which the grains remain separate."
luncheon .
(1945) R. Crompton William &. Brains Trust ix. 166 "Although it meant opening her last remaining tin of Luncheon Meat. "
lunge , [sb. 3]
(1894) Outing 453/2, "I led him alongside, where-as a played-out 'longe always will-he remained motionless..for a few seconds."
lure , [sb. 2]
(1747) Smollett Regicide i. i. (1777) 6 "Remained unshaken by the enchanting lure Which vain ambition spread before his eye. "
lustfully [adv.]
(1665) Manley Grotius' Low C. Warres 331 "The men that remained in the Town were slain, so also were some women after they had been lustfully abused. "
lustre , [sb. 1]
(1836-7) Dickens Sk. Boz, Scenes xxi, "The remains of a lustre, without any drops. "
lycanthropist .
(1831) A. Herbert in Sir F. Madden Will. &. Werwolf (1832) 36 "A wolf who..prowls..in quest of human flesh, for which he alone, like the lycanthropist, has any taste remaining. "
lycee .
(1900) Speaker 19 May 190/2 "The population of the lyc&eacu.es and colleges has remained stationary."
lymphocyte .
(1970) Courier-Mail (Brisbane) 28 Jan. 30 "Unfortunately this desensitisation technique seems to affect only a proportion of the recipient's lymphocytes: the remainder attack the transplant."
lyse , [v.]
(1971) Nature 26 Nov. 231/2 "When leaves of these two species were slowly dried.., chloroplast lamellae and mitochondrial cristae often disintegrated or lysed while tonoplasts..usually remained intact."
Lysenkoism .
(1948) Discovery Nov. 325/1 "The opponents of Lysenkoism did not remain silent. "
lysogenic , [a.]
(1929) J. H. Dible Recent Adv. Bacteriol. iv. 73 "Of greater interest are certain strains which, whilst themselves resistant, have incorporated with them the lytic principle, which remains present through future subcultures. These are the `lysogenic' strains of Bordet. "
M ,
(1948) P. Samuelson Economics xiii. 291 "If the total amount of all..kinds of money is M and the price level is P, then according to the simplified quantity theory M = kP or P =
M where k is a factor of proportionality which remains constant if `other things are equal'. "
macerate , [v.]
(1829) Landor Imag. Conv. Wks. 1846 II. 211 "A good writer will not..macerate things into such particles that nothing shall be remaining of their natural contexture."
maceration .
(1868) Rep. to Govt. U.S. Munitions War 120 "It [the ore] is then allowed to remain exposed to the air for a time long enough to permit the small traces of sulphur to be dissipated, [etc.]... This process is termed maceration."
machine , [sb.]
(1959) Gloss. Packaging Terms (B.S.I.) 66 "Machine glazed (M.G.) paper or board, paper or board which has had one side made smooth and glossy by drying on a heated, polished metal cylinder, forming part of the drying section of the machine. The other side remains relatively rough. "
machine , [v.]
(1896) Living Topics Cycl. (N.Y.) II. 260, "5 [rifled guns] were well advanced, and the parts for the remainder were nearly all forged and some of them machined. "
macho , [sb. 2] and [a.]
(1964) S. Bellow Herzog 157 "Provided that he remain macho she would listen with glistening eyes. "
macromere .
(1877) Huxley Anat. Inv. Anim. viii. 483 "Those [blastomeres] which proceed from the macromere long remain larger and more granular than those which proceed from the micromere. "
macron .
(1891) H. Bradley Stratmann's M.-E. Dict. Pref. viii, "In my notation the macron is placed over an original long vowel which remained long in Middle-English."
macrosmatic [a.]
(1899) Allbutt's Syst. Med. VI. 753 "All that remains in man of the great rhinencephalon of macrosmatic mammals is the olfactory bulb and tract."
macrosporange .
(1875) Bennett &. Dyer Sachs' Bot. 396 "If a microsporangium is about to be formed, each of the mother-cells is broken up into four tetrahedral spores, which all develope into microspores; in the macrosporangium, on the contrary, the mother-cells remain, with one exception, undivided. "
macula .
(1899) Allbutt's Syst. Med. VIII. 640 "In all cases a deeply pigmented macula remains."
(1914) Brit. Mus. Guide Processes of Engraving 52 "A maculature is another form of weak impression. A copper plate needs to be inked between each impression. Sometimes a second impression is taken from the plate before re-inking, as a means of extracting the remainder of the ink from the lines. This is called a maculature."
made , [ppl. a.]
(1607) Shaks. Timon v. i. 101 "Know his grosse patchery..Yet remaine assur'd That he's a made-vp Villaine. "
maduro .
(1939) C. Graves Cigars &. Man 16 "The two remaining darker shades, Colorado-Maduro and Maduro are seldom met with in England. "
mageship .
(1875) E. Dowden Shakspere: his Mind &. Art i. 37 "Prospero must forever have remained somewhat apart and distinguished from other Dukes..by virtue of the enchanted island and the marvellous years of mageship."
magic eye
(1939) Proc. IRE XXVII. 631/2 "The ground wave alone was introduced into a receiver which had a `magic eye'. With this wave, the `eye' remained exactly fixed in deflection. "
magnetism .
(C. 1865) J. Wylde in Circ. Sci. I. 249/2 "The magnetic effect remains for some time; and this is called residuary magnetism. "
magnetron .
(1945) Times 15 Aug. 2/1 "In July 1940, Professor J. T. Randall, of Birmingham, produced a magnetron which was the first high-power generator of centimetric waves in the world. The magnetron remains the heart of every modern Radar equipment. "
magnific , [a.]
(1667) Milton P.L. v. 770 "Thrones, Dominations, Princedomes, Vertues, Powers, If these magnific Titles yet remain Not meerly titular."
Magyar , [sb.] and [a.]
(1828) Foreign Q. Rev. 39 "Scarcely a fragment remains of old Magyar minstrelsy. "
mail , [sb. 1]
(1750) Blanckley Nav. Expositor, "Mails, are made of Iron, and interwoven, not unlike a Chain; they are for rubbing off the loose Hemp which remains on Lines or white Cordage after it is made. "
(1794) Rigging &. Seamanship 55 "Mail, to rub off the loose hemp that remains on white cordage, is a kind of steel chain-work, flat, and fastened upon leather, about nine-inches long and seven-inches broad. "
maimer .
(1769) Blackstone Comm. IV. 13 "If a man maliciously should put out the remaining eye of him who had lost one before, it is too slight a punishment for the maimer to lose only one of his. "
mainour manner
(? 1472) Plumpton Corr. (Camden) 26 "One Richard of the Burgh, that had take and led away feloniously certaine ky and other cattell..was take and arested with the said manor att Spofford, whearat they yett remaine. "
mainprize , [sb.]
(1744) Act 17 Geo. II, c. 40 §.10 "There to remain without Bail or Mainprize, until Payment be made. "
majestic , [a.]
(1856) Froude Hist. Eng. (1858) I. ii. 173 "Amidst the easy freedom of his address, his manner remained majestic. "
major-domo .
(1876) N. Amer. Rev. CXXIII. 45 "A king, averse to marriage, commanded his maggiordomo to remain single."
make-weight makeweight .
(1764) Oxf. Sausage 56 "Dire Want of..chearful Candle (save the Make-Weight's Gleam Haply remaining). "
Malaysian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1962) Times 9 Jan. 9/3 "English is to remain as an `international language' in the proposed Malaysian Federation. "
(1948) L. Martin Clin. Endocrinol. viii. 159 "In cryptorchidism the testes remain in the abdomen, in maldescent they lie in the inguinal canals or unduly high in the scrotum. "
maleficence .
(1865) Carlyle Fredk. Gt. xix. viii. (1872) VIII. 249 "Who the perpetrator of this Parisian maleficence was, remained dark."
malfunction , [sb.]
(1941) Johnson &. Haven Automatic Arms 128 "The slide on an automatic pistol may fail to remain open after the last shot, due to a malfunction of the catch... The use of the term `malfunction' conveys nothing unless we know what malfunctioned. "
malignantly , [adv.]
(1607) Shaks. Cor. ii. iii. 191 "If he should still malignantly remaine Fast Foe toth' Plebeij. "
malleolus .
(1758) J. S. tr. Le Dran's Observ. Surg. (1771) 355 "The external Malleol remained very large. "
malt , [sb. 1]
(1900) R. Hutchison Food 263 "The remaining sugars of this group are malt-sugar, or maltose, and milk-sugar, or lactose. "
Mameluke .
(1833) Coleridge Table-t. 18 Apr., "So long as the Bishop of Rome remains Pope, and has an army of Mamelukes all over the world, we shall do very little. "
Mammalia , [pl.]
(1832) De la Beche Geol. Man. (ed. 2) 297 "The remains of mammalia have not yet been detected in the cretaceous group. "
mammalian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1851) D. Wilson Arch&ae.ol. &. Preh. Ann. Scotl. i. i. 22 "Extensive discoveries of mammalian remains. "
mammaliferous , [a.]
(1873) J. Geikie Gt. Ice Age xi. 150 "The strata containing mammaliferous remains."
mammiferous , [a.]
(1833) Lyell Princ. Geol. III. 59 "None of the associated mammiferous remains belong to species which now exist. "
(1859) Darwin Orig. Spec. x. (1878) 271 "Mammiferous remains."
mammoth , [sb.] and [a.]
(1834) McMurtrie Cuvier's Anim. Kingd. 98 "The Mammoth has been completely destroyed... Its remains are found..throughout all parts of North America. "
(1850) Lyell 2nd Visit U.S. II. 197 "The fossil remains of the mammoth (a name commonly applied in the United States to the mastodon)."
(1822) J. Flint Lett. Amer. 309 note, "The great cave in Kentucky is called the Mammoth Cave, although none of the remains of that animal have been found in it. "
mammotrophic , [a.]
(1970) Sci. Jrnl. June 47/1 "All males normally produce small quantities of mammotrophic hormone, but to what end remains a mystery. "
man , [sb. 1]
(1885) H. James Little Tour in France xxiii. 151 "A man of the people,..extremely intelligent,..yet remaining essentially of the people. "
(1945) Times 19 Jan. 2/4 "About 1,300,000 man&dubh.weeks remained to be consumed by March 31 if the labour force remained the same. "
manacle , [v.]
(1563-87) Foxe A. &. M. (1596) 936/2 "He remained so long manicled that his haire was folded togither. "
managerial , [a.]
(1966) Harper's Mag. June 67 "Many remained caught in the irrelevancies of such questions as whether the Soviet Union was a `degenerate workers' state' or a `managerialist bureaucracy'. "
manavilins manavlins , [sb. pl.]
(1865) Hotten's Slang Dict., "Manablins, broken victuals. Menavelings, odd money remaining after the daily accounts are made up at a railway booking-office,-usually divided among the clerks. "
(1837) Blackw. Mag. XLI. 848 "During all the late fury of land-jobbing schemes in the west, of building extravagances in the east, of banco&dubh.mania everywhere,..the cotton manufacture alone remains unscathed. "
manipulative , [a.]
(1947) M. M. Lewis Lang. in Society i. 24 "The manipulative and the declarative are the twin incentives by which the development of language is fostered in the child, and remain the essential functions of language in society. "
manly , [a.]
(1579) W. Wilkinson Confut. Familye of Loue, Heret. Affirm. b j b, "Not that they should alwayes remaine as subject thereunder [the ordinance of the Lord], but vntill the appoynted tyme, vntill the manly old age in the godly vnderstanding of the holy word. "
manque , [a.]
(1940) W. Stevens Let. 9 Aug. (1967) 362 "Thus, one's chords remain manqu&eacu.; still there they are."
mansion , [sb.]
(1641) Termes de la Ley 199 "Mansion (Mansio) is in our law most commonly taken for the chief messuage..of the Lord of a Mannor, the Mannor house where he doth most remain. "
(1871) Tylor Prim. Cult. (1873) I. 102 "The Lavas of Birma, supposed to be the broken-down remains of a cultured race, and dreaded as man-tigers."
manuable [a.]
(1638) Sir R. Cotton Abstr. Rec. Tower 26 "If wee marke but of the great quantities from the penny downward since H. 8. time stamped, how few remain. Whereas of all the Coynes from three pence upwards which are manuable (or manuall) plenty passe still in daily payment."
manurable , [a.]
(1628) Coke On Litt. 142 "A Rent seruice cannot be reserued out of any inheritance but such as is manurable, whereinto the Lord may enter and take a distresse, as in Lands and Tenements, Reuersions, Remainders, and as some haue said, out of the herbage of lands. "
Maoritanga .
(1968) B. Biggs in E. Schwimmer Maori People in Nineteen-Sixties 76 "Maori are remaining distinctively Maori without their language, often regarded as the sine qua non of Maoritanga. "
map , [sb. 1]
(1948) W. S. Churchill Second World War I. ii. xxii. 365 "A few feet behind me, as I sat in my old chair, was the wooden map-case I had had fixed in 1911, and inside it still remained the chart of the North Sea. "
marae .
(1949) P. H. Buck Coming of Maori (1950) iv. iii. 480 "Turning to New Zealand, it is a curious fact that the two fundamental features of the central Polynesian temples were not combined but remained as distinct entities. Thus the open court, distinguished by the term marae, is retained as a secular feature in front of the tribal or family meeting houses. "
marathon .
(1971) Britannica Bk. of Year 1970 779/2 "Marathon, specif., a group session in which members remain together for an extended period (as 24 hours) and interact openly and responsively so as to increase self-understanding. "
marc .
(1707) Sloane Jamaica I. p. xlv, "The Marc or remainder of the Sugar Canes after the juice is squeezed out. "
marcescent , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1904) J. C. Willis Man. Flowering Plants (ed. 2) 77 "If it [sc. the perianth] remains unwithered round the fruit, persistent, withered, marcescent, enlarged as in Physalis, accrescent. "
marginal , [a.] and [sb.]
(1957) Times 21 Dec. 5/2 "The weather at Idlewild international airport was reported to be `marginal', and the captain had to ensure that sufficient fuel remained to divert to an alternative base. "
(1969) Listener 16 Jan. 92/3 "The lack of a character with which we can identify-..the soldiers..remain uncharacterised and marginal-soon stills our wish to be emotionally involved."
marine , [a.] and [sb.]
(1939) Raistrich &. Marshall Nature &. Orig. Coal Seams ii. 33 "The remains of fresh-water or marine shells are less common, forming when they occur in quantity `mussel bands' and `marine bands'. "
mark , [v.]
(1880) Carnegie Pract. Trap., 16 "The dog still remained marking, so I went back. "
(1867) A. J. Evans St. Elmo xvii. 232 "It remains to be seen whether a grand success is not destined to crown it. Mark you! The grapple is not quite over. "
marked , [ppl. a.]
(1963) Canad. Jrnl. Ling. VIII. 92 "Whenever a demonstrative system is reduced to a binary one, the first member which can be correlated with the first person always remains and thus becomes the marked member. "
marker .
(1973) Archivum Linguisticum IV. 32 "The remaining forms are sufficiently distinguished for person, i.e. in the absence of specific person markers, by differing marks of gender-cum-number."
marlin , [sb. 2]
(1940) Nature 6 Apr. 555/2 "The black marlin differs from the striped and the blue marlin in the fact that the pectoral fin, when adducted, remains in the horizontal position, whilst in the others it can be brought up flat against the side of the body. "
Marrucinian , [sb.] and [a.]
(1888) J. Wright tr. Brugmann's Elem. Compar. Gram. Indo-Germanic Lang. I. 9 "Of the Volscian, Picentine, Sabine, Aequiculan, Vestinian, Marsian, Pelignian and Marrucinian dialects we have only very scanty remains. "
marry , [v.]
(1602) Stillingfl. Orig. Sacr&ae. ii. ii. §.9 "Especially when he..married into that branch of the family that was remaining there. "
marshalment .
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) I. 214 "That the whole annuity, by an equitable marshalment, shall be thrown upon the two remaining thirds."
Marsian , [sb.] and [a.]
(1882) Encycl. Brit. XIV. 327/1 "Oscan or Samnite..the language of the Sabines, the Marsians, and the Volscians, of which but scanty traces remain. "
(1939) L. H. Gray Foundations of Lang. 334 "The third group, conventionally termed Sabellian, occupies a position midway between Oscan and Umbrian, but its remains are lamentably scanty. Here belong Paelignian, Marrucinian, Vestinian, Volscian, Marsian, Aequian, and Sabine. "
martial , [a.] and [sb.]
(1760) Johnson Idler No. 96 &page.1 "His martial achievements remain engraved on a pillar of flint. "
Martini (1) .
(1870) Colburn's United Service Mag. 367 "The only thing then remaining to be done was to fit the Martini breech to the Henry barrel, and thus we have the Martini-Henry rifle complete. "
Martiniquan , [a.] and [sb.]
(1972) F. Ward Golden Islands Caribbean ii. 47 (caption) "The Creole costume remained in vogue with Martinican women. "
martyrion .
(1884) Addis &. Arnold Cath. Dict. 553/1 "The name `martyrium' (martu&acu.rion)..at first meant the church built over a martyr's remains. "
mase , [v.]
(1966) Smith &. Sorokin Laser vii. 369 "At this point the stage was nearly set for the actual achievement of an injection maser. The main remaining question was: in what sort of a structure could masing action be achieved? "
mashed , [ppl. a.] (and [sb.] )
(1693) Dryden Juvenal iii. (1697) 65 "Nor Limbs, nor Bones, nor Carcass wou'd remain: But a mash'd heap, a Hotchpotch of the Slain. "
masked , [ppl. a. 2]
(1899) Allbutt's Syst. Med. VIII. 558 "The psoriasis may remain masked."
mass , [sb. 2]
(1666) Boyle Orig. Formes &. Qual. 329 "The remaining Masse would be..of an Alkalizate nature. "
(1902) Hillebrand &. Penfield in Amer. Jrnl. Sci. CLXIV. 217 "The alkalies and lead play so small a rô.le, and the remaining constituents so prominent a part in the complex chemical molecules, that the latter control or dominate the crystallization by virtue of what may be called their mass-effect. "
(1809) Kendall Trav. III. lxvii. 54 "On the farm are small remains of the missionary church, called by the protestant colonists the mass-house. "
massula .
(1938) G. M. Smith Cryptogamic Bot. 360 "A microspore remains embedded within a massula during the entire course of its development into a gametophyte. "
(1959) Wirth &. Withner in C. L. Withner Orchids v. 157 "In some genera, such as Peristylus, there is a variation on the normal mode of development. All the cells resulting from the divisions of an archesporial cell remain attached to each other, eventually forming a small cluster of tetrads known as a massula. "
massy , [a.]
(1855) Macaulay Hist. Eng. xiv. III. 422 "The massy remains of the old Norman castle. "
master , [sb. 1]
(1876) Firth Munic. Lond. 50 "The name of `Livery Company' has remained... The control by Master or Wardens of the dress of members has ceased."
(1894) J. Mason Princ. Chess 186 "In the case of master players, a slight initial error..will permeate the remainder of the game. "
(1922) Encycl. Brit. XXX. 36/2 "Connecting-rods of rotary and radial engines consist usually of one *master rod, ball or roller-bearinged, with the big-end enlarged to form circular lugs to secure wrist pins carrying the plain or auxiliary type of rod of the remaining cylinders. "
(1774) Med. Ess. V. ii. 793 "Sometimes after..the Salivation is over, there remains one large Yaw, high knobbed, red and moist; this is commonly called the *Master yaw. "
mat , [v. 1]
(1577) B. Googe Heresbach's Husb. ii. (1586) 80 "The ground is matted, and as it were netted with the remaines of the olde Rootes. "
mat , [v. 2]
(1727-51) Chambers Cycl. s.v. Gilding, "The work being thus far gilt, when dry, remains either to be burnished, or matted... To mat, is to give it a light lick in the places not burnished, with a pencil dipt in size. "
(1900) Cassell's Cycl. Mech. (1902) I. 153/2 "Now pour on white acid, and let it remain until the glass is matted."
material , [a.] and [sb.]
(1850) Whately Elem. Logic (ed. 9) iii. §.3 "The remaining class (viz. where the Conclusion does follow from the Premises) may be called the Material, or Non-logical Fallacies. "
mathematical , [a.] and [sb.]
(1897) M. Dziewicki Wyclif's De Logica (1899) III. Introd. 26 "Christ's Body..is present without either position or shape. The bread is not annihilated; what remains is a purely mathematical body, but not nothing."
(1956) J. Whatmough Lang. xi. 220 "The development of mathematical linguistics is opening a new field of inquiry, and may rightly be expected to bring greater order into a subject, which..has been and still remains chaotic. "
maticin .
(1844) Hodges in Lond. etc. Philos. Mag. XXV. 206 "A yellowish-brown extractive matter, maticine, remained. "
matrice .
(1868) Seyd Bullion (1880) 278 "A well made Matrice will remain in use for about 15 years."
matrilocal , [a.]
(1938) Jrnl. R. Anthrop. Inst., LXVIII. 301 "Matrilocality here means, fundamentally, the succession of female descendants each one of whom remains her whole life in one spot. "
matrix , [sb.]
(1952) RCA Rev. June 185 "The selected core will be magnetized in the desired direction while all other cores in the matrix will remain unaffected. The read-out is obtained by applying read-in current pulses. "
matroclinous , [a.]
(1939) Nature 14 Jan. 81/2 "To account for the purely matroclinous inheritance, the following explanation is suggested. The eggs of M. formosa are fertilized by the other two species, but the paternal chromosomes remain inactive. "
matted , [ppl. a. 2]
(1899) Allbutt's Syst. Med. VI. 10 "The matted valves may remain rigidly fixed."
matter , [sb. 1]
(1930) Ruark &. Urey Atoms, Molecules &. Quanta xxi. 722 "When electrons impinge on polycrystalline metal surfaces the fraction scattered at an angle &theta. with the normal to the surface does not decrease uniformly as &theta. increases... The results seemed likely to remain unexplained, until Einstein discussed de Broglie's matter waves, in 1924 and 1925. "
maturation .
(1753) Shuckford Creation &. Fall 133 "Little Particles..which have..in the Maturation of Ages, remained sandy and sabulous..or become Rocks or Minerals."
mauma maumer maumie
(1895) Century Mag. May 155/2 "Only a few, a very few, of the faithful old `maumers' and loyal house- and body-servants remain. "
maund , [sb. 2]
(1969) Commerce (Bombay) 26 July 188/1 "Raw jute arrivals in the last week remained static at the previous level of 30,000 maunds a day. "
maverick , [sb.]
(1963) Listener 17 Jan. 115/1 "Neither the novelists of the central tradition of English writing, nor the great Mavericks of the nineteenth century, whose strong apprehension of evil forced them to break through the domestic web in which they wished to remain, had any clear theological pattern in which to embody their sense of evil. "
maximize , [v.]
(1974) Globe &. Mail (Toronto) 21 Oct. 4/3 "If emissions were curtailed now, the resultant ozone destruction would maximize around 1990 and would remain significant for several decades."
may , [v. 1]
(1800) Wordsw. Michael 481 "The remains Of the unfinished Sheep-fold may be seen Beside the boisterous brook of Greenhead Ghyll."
(1949) F. Maclean Eastern Approaches I. viii. 133 "If the authorities..had received no instructions regarding my journey it could only be due to a most regrettable omission... To this he answered that this was as it might be; but without explicit instructions..he could not allow me to remain on Chinese territory. "
mayoral , [a.]
(1885) Standard 14 Apr. 5/2 "Mr. Alderman Fowler, M.P., has consented to serve for the remainder of the Mayoral year."
meal , [sb. 2]
(1939) Ade Let. 7 July (1973) 214 "The play remained at the Garden until the following summer and next year it was being played by three companies. It turned out to be my meal ticket. "
meant , [ppl. a.]
(1729) Savage Wanderer ii. 284 "Wrath yet remains, tho' strength his fabric leaves, And the meant hiss, the gasping mouth deceives."
mean while meanwhile [sb.] and [adv.]
(1628) E. Blount in Earle Microcosm. To Rdr. (Arb.) 18 "In the meanwhile, I remaine Thine. Ed. Blovnt. "
measly , [a.]
(1891) Anthony's Photogr. Bull. IV. 254 "The remainder, after even an hour's soaking were only a very measley brown. "
measuring [ppl. a.]
(1903) W. J. Holland Moth Bk. 323 "The larv&ae., which are commonly known as `measuring-worms', `span-worms', or `loopers', have the power in many cases of attaching themselves by the posterior claspers to the stems and branches of plants, and extending the remainder of the body outwardly at an angle. "
meat , [sb.]
(1921) Daily Colonist (Victoria, B.C.) 7 Apr. 8/1 "The strike situation between the meat packers and their employees remained unchanged this morning. "
mechanically , [adv.]
(1937) B. H. L. Hart Europe in Arms xvii. 231 "Some doubt must remain..as to the ability of horse-minded soldiers to become mechanically minded. "
Meckelian , [a.]
(1864) Quain's Anat. (ed. 7) i. 66 "The remaining part..is named Meckel's cartilage after its first describer. "
medical , [a.] and [sb.]
(1760-72) H. Brooke Fool of Qual. (1809) II. 99, "I summoned the chief medical artists, and got the precious remains..embalmed. "
medicining , [vbl. sb.]
(1633) T. Adams Exp. 2 Peter ii. 22. 1089 "The medicining of the one, and cleansing of the other, did not take away their nature; still the one remained a Dogge, the other a Hogge. "
meditate , [v.]
(1837-9) Hallam Hist. Lit. I. i. iii. §.111. 222 "Alberti had deeply meditated the remains of Roman antiquity. "
medullary , [a.]
(1878) Bell tr. Gegenbaur's Comp. Anat. 512 "The primitive medullary cavity..remains open in the lumbar swelling of Birds. "
meet , [v.]
(1607) Shaks. Cor. ii. iii. 149 "Remaines, that, in th' Officiall Markes inuested, You anon doe meet the Senate. "
megalosaurus .
(1844) Ansted Geol., Introd. etc. I. 410 "When first the Megalosaurian remains were described by Dr. Buckland. "
megatherium .
(1832) Clift in Trans. Geol. Soc. (1835) III. 437 "The Remains of the Megatherium described in this paper. "
melianthus .
(1741) Compl. Fam.-Piece ii. iii. 401 "Myrtles,..Meleanthus,..and such tender Greens as remain yet abroad. "
melituria .
(1863) Aitken Sci. &. Pract. Med. (ed. 2) II. 335 "Any agents or conditions which cause a suspension of the functions of animal life, while the purely nutritive or organic functions remain intact, may bring about melituria. "
(1650) Gentilis Considerations 6 "The renoune which remained of Alcibiades, the membrance of his Country, Parents, Nurse and Tutors."
memento .
(1826) Kirby &. Sp. Entomol. III. xxx. 211 "It will not suffer this memento of its former state [a cast-off skin] to remain near it. "
memory , [sb.]
(1964) J. M. Blatt Theory Superconductivity ix. 332 "Since the supercurrent acts in such a direction as to make the total flux approach more closely to an integral number of flux quanta, this initial value of m0 remains unchanged..and preserves a `memory' for the initial, external flux. "
(1547) Injunc. Edw. VI, xxviii. c ij b, "That they shall take awaie..all shrines [etc.],..so that there remain no memory of the same, in walles, glasses, windowes, or els where. "
(1575) in W. H. Turner Select. Rec. Oxford (1880) 367 "To remaine as a perpetuall memory and record of such orders. "
menace , [sb.]
(1874) Green Short Hist. vii. §.3. 362 "The old social discontent..remained a perpetual menace to public order."
mention , [sb.]
(1601) Holland Pliny I. 110 "The rest that Homer so much speaks of..there is no mention or token remaining of them. "
(1613) Purchas Pilgrimage 814 "Scarce any mention of the houses remained. "
menus plaisirs , [sb. pl.]
(1779) H. Walpole Let. 14 Jan. (1904) X. 363 "My menus plaisirs, a few sprinkled visits of charity from a few friends that remained in town. "
mere , [sb. 6]
(1957) N.Z. Listener 22 Nov. 4/2 "We know what a `mere'..or a `hangi' is, but they remain essentially Maori in idea. "
Meredithian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1968) Listener 18 July 91/3 "Inevitably, little of the Meredithian style remains."
merge , [v.]
(1766) Blackstone Comm. II. xii. 186 "If an estate is originally limited to two for life, and after to the heirs of one of them, the freehold shall remain in jointure, without merging in the inheritance. "
(1858) Ld. St. Leonards Handy-Bk. Prop. Law ix. 62 "The tax has merged, and does not remain as a charge of which you can avail yourself. "
meristem .
(1974) Nature 2 Aug. 382/2 "All divisions within the apical meristems of the shoots give rise to daughter cells with different fates: some remain meristematic."
merit , [sb.]
(1832) Ht. Martineau Homes Abr. vii. 104 "He had made a merit of remaining at his work. "
merle , [a.]
(1905) C. H. Wheeler in J. Watson Dog Bk. v. 351 "The remainder of the litter [of collies] were blue merles. "
Mersenne .
(1892) Messenger of Math. XXI. 40 "The riddle as to how Mersenne's numbers were discovered remains unsolved. "
Mertonian , [sb.] and [a.]
(1974) A. J. Pomerans tr. Clavelin's Nat. Philos. Galileo ii. 80 "This proof..remained indirect, as did all the Mertonian attempts to prove the mean-speed theorem."
mesosperm .
(1849) Balfour Man. Bot. §.578 "Sometimes the secundine remains distinct in the seed, forming what has been called a mesosperm. "
mesothelium .
(1886) C. S. Minot in Buck's Handbk. Med. Sci. III. 176/1 "The whole of the mesoderm..does not go through this metamorphosis, but..a part remains closely compacted; but ultimately it is only the single layer of cells immediately bounding the c&oe.lom, and the cells constituting the myotomes.., which remain thus close together. These cells, therefore, have all the characteristics of an epithelium, so that the c&oe.lom is limited by an epithelium of cuboidal cells, for which I have proposed the name mesothelium. "
messenger .
(1959) H. Barnes Oceanogr. &. Marine Biol. iii. 113 "When the required depth has been reached, the bottle is allowed to remain there for 3 to 5 minutes, so that the thermometer may reach equilibrium and a `messenger' is then sent down the wire. The hook is released and the springs contract closing the bottle. "
(1711) Shaftesb. Charac. (1737) III. 337 "There are further miracles remaining for 'em to perform, e'er they can in modesty plead the apostolick or messenger-authority. "
metabasis .
(1657) J. Smith Myst. Rhet. 137 "Metabasis... A figure whereby the parts of an oration or speech are knit together: and is, When we are briefly put in mind of what hath been said, and what remains further to be spoken. "
metabolon .
(1903) Rutherford &. Soddy in Phil Mag. V. 586 "At each stage [of disintegration] one or more &alpha. `rays' are projected, until the last stages are reached, when the &beta. `ray' or electron is expelled. It seems advisable to possess a special name for these now numerous atom-fragments, or new atoms, which result from the original atom after the ray has been expelled, and which remain in existence only a limited time... We would..suggest the term metabolon for this purpose. "
metachromasia .
(1956) Nature 3 Mar. 428/1 "Anaphylactic shock brought out..degranulation and decrease of the metachromasia of the remaining granules in most of the cells. "
(1967) J. A. Meerloo in L. Thayer Communication 54 "We cannot, of course, recover man's contemplations about himself from fossil remains, and data from living nonliterate men are lamentably deficient in metacommunicational material. "
metagnomy .
(1960) New Scientist 28 July 306/2 "Prosopopesis, metagnomy, telergy and teleplasty: if these are accepted, what remains of the `laws' of physics, chemistry, biology and psychology? "
metal , [sb.] (and [a.] )
(1964) T. L. Kinsey Audio-Typing &. Electr. Typewriters vii. 77 "A large proportion of the remainder are at work in the engineering and other metal-using industries. "
(1949) New Biol. VI. 29 "The most usual and one of the most successful methods of killing large numbers is to put out heaps of bran mixed with metaldehyde-the bran attracts the slugs which feed on the mixture, while the metaldehyde causes them to slime so profusely that they remain on the surface of the soil in close proximity to the bait. Here they die partly as the result of the metaldehyde acting as a stomach poison and partly owing to desiccation. "
metalloid , [a.] and [sb.]
(1837) Phillips Geol. 27 "The remaining substances are metallic or metalloidal. Seven of them are earthy metals or metalloids."
metamorphic , [a.]
(1861) Max Mü.ller Sci. Lang. 42 "In Sanskrit..what remains is a kind of metamorphic agglomerate which cannot be understood without a most minute microscopic analysis."
metaphysic , [sb. 1]
(1972) D. Bell in Cox &. Dyson 20th-Cent. Mind I. vi. 211 "On this central point Bosanquet's metaphysic remains impenetrably obscure, sustained by a combination of piety and metaphor."
metastable , [a.]
(1954) Electronic Engin. XXVI. 60/1 "The 11 points a, c, e,...t, u are the stable positions corresponding to the digits 0, 1, 2,...9 and the reset point [of the counting tube], whereas the 10 points b, d, f,...are metastable. Suppose the anode current is at the point corresponding to b and a small disturbance shifts the beam to the left... The beam will then move farther away..and soon reach the point corresponding to c at which it will remain despite any small disturbances. "
metazoan , [a.] and [sb.]
(1940) L. H. Hyman Invertebrates 252 "The three lowest metazoan phyla, the Porifera, the Cnidaria, and the Ctenophora, are commonly stated to have remained at the gastrular level of construction. "
metenteron .
(1877) Ray Lankester in Q. Jrnl. Microsc. Sci. 428 "When once the c&ae.lom is accomplished as a cavity definitely shut off from the `metenteron'-the name we now give to what remains of the archenteron."
meteor .
(1869) Huxley Lay Serm. xi. (1870) 273 "Sir W. Thomson..shows that *meteor-dust..would account for the remainder of retardation. "
methinks , [impers. v.]
(1659) Gentl. Calling v. x, "So dismal a consequent, as, methink, should like Lot's wife, remain a perpetual monument to deter others."
methylol .
(1962) J. T. Marsh Self-Smoothing Fabrics i. 3 "The fundamental basis of the process remains unchanged and depends on the application of methylol compounds within the fibre of the fabric followed by their further condensation."
metis .
(1883) Encycl. Brit. XV. 491/2 "Of the latter [Indian half-breeds] one half are of English-speaking parentage..the remainder are known as Metis or Bois-brû.l&eacu.s. "
metrology .
(1878) Nature 23 May 110/2 "Mr. W. M. Flinders Petrie read a paper on inductive metrology, the purpose of which..is to deduce the units of measure employed by ancient peoples from the dimensions of existing remains."
(1607) T. Rogers 39 Art. xxviii. (1633) 176 "The Metusiastes and Papists..beleeue the substance of Bread and Wine is so changed into the substance of Christ his Body, as nothing remaineth but the reall Body of Christ, besides the accidents of Bread and Wine."
mew , [v. 2]
(1581) Pettie tr. Guazzo's Civ. Conv. i. (1586) 8 "You cannot goe to visite the sicke..if you remaine alwaies mewed vp. "
Mezzofanti .
(1904) A. Vamb&eacu.ry Story my Struggles I. i. 88 "The high-flown announcements of my mezzofantic perfections remained without the slightest result. "
miasmal , [a.]
(1919) T. S. Eliot Hippopotamus in Poems, "The True Church remains below Wrapt in the old miasmal mist."
Mick (1) .
(1971) Guardian 27 May 13/7 "Curiously, in the circumstances of the Australian fondness for the `o' suffix, a Roman Catholic is apparently never a Catho, but remains, in lower-level Protto usage, a Mick. "
micro- ,
(1973) Nature 57/2 "A micropinocytotic origin of synaptic vesicles remains uncertain. "
microcosmically [adv.]
(1881) Max Mü.ller tr. Kant's Critique Pure Reason I. ii. 363, "I might call the two former [ideas], in a narrower sense, cosmical concepts (macrocosmically or microcosmically) and the remaining two transcendent concepts of nature. "
microfauna .
(1972) Times 11 Dec. 1/8 "The microfaunal remains have shown that fishes, birds and crabs played almost as important a part in the diet of the population as that of cattle. "
microfelsite .
(1879) Rutley Stud. Rocks x. 171 "It yet remains to be shown whether micro-felsitic matter is inert upon polarised light. "
Micronesian , [a.] and [sb.]
(1945) Language XXI. 214 "In the vocabularies of the Micronesian languages..evidence of earlier use of English has remained in the form of loan-words. "
microscopical , [a.]
(1871) Hartwig Subterr. W. ii. 10 "The aggregated remains of microscopical animals. "
microseism .
(1965) A. Holmes Princ. Physical Geol. (rev. ed.) xxv. 916 "As a background to the P, S and L waves and their many associates there are small irregular earth tremors and quiverings going on all the time... These microseisms..set a limit to the degree of magnification that can usefully be employed, since they only confuse the earthquake record if they are made too big. Some of the more conspicuous microseisms are caused by distant traffic, others by the pounding of breakers on rocky coasts, while others have been traced to changes of atmospheric pressure and especially to hurricanes and typhoons. But after all such regional increases of microseismic activity have been accounted for, there still remains a world-wide background of chaotic seismic `noise'. Don and Florence Leet have suggested that these microseisms are caused by the strained condition of the crust, which `hums' or `sings' like a highly strained piece of steel. "
middle-ageing [ppl. a.]
(1882) Howells in Longm. Mag. I. 53 "Only a score of middle-aging veterans remained."
(1961) Ewing &. Landisman in M. Sears Oceanogr. i. 5 "The remaining 18% [of the earth's surface]..contains parts of the mid-ocean ridge system. "
midships , [sb.] and [adv.]
(1705) Lond. Gaz. No. 4116/3 "Only her Hull from the Taffrill to the Midships remained above Water. "
mighty , [a.] and [adv.]
(1737) Pope Hor. Epist. ii. i. 137 "Or what remain'd so worthy to be read By learned Critics, of the mighty dead. "
militia .
(1876) Voyle &. Stevenson Milit. Dict., "*Militia Reserve, a force created by the act of 1867; its numbers not to exceed one-fourth of militia quota; the men to be enlisted for five years, during which time they remain on the strength of militia regiments, but are liable to be drafted into the army in time of war. "
milk , [sb. 1]
(1565) Jewel Repl. Harding (1611) 391 "There be certaine men, that..fearing, that if they attaine to any knowledge, they shall be proud: and so they remaine still only in Milke [tr. Augustine: et remanent in solo lacte]. "
(1955) Times 6 July 11/3 "Broadcasting..probably remains the most effective way, within the compass of an election campaign, of distributing the pure milk of party doctrine. "
mill , [sb. 1]
(1948) Mencken Amer. Lang. Suppl. II. 724 "There are others [sc. new terms] that remain the private property of the men working in automobile plants and of those who sell or repair cars. A few specimens; Bald-head. A worn tire... Mill. An engine [etc.]. "
(1839) Ure Dict. Arts 706 "Passing through the remaining grooves till it comes to the square ones, where it becomes a *mill-bar. "
(1875) W. McIlwraith Guide Wigtownshire 136 "A workman, in making an excavation near the mill-ring, came on a large, flat stone, aneath which were the remains of a clay urn. "
(1842) J. Aiton Domest. Econ. (1857) 194 "As some of the shells still remain among the meal, they are separated from it by hand-sieves; these shells, thus separated, and having the finer particles of meal adhering to them, called *mill-seeds, are preserved for sowins. "
(1925) T. Dreiser Amer. Trag. (1926) I. ii. vi. 195 "He decided to remain- later sitting down to dinner with a small group of milltown store and factory employees. "
(1610) Shaks. Temp. i. ii. 281 "Imprison'd, thou didst painefully remaine A dozen yeeres:..where thou didst vent thy groanes As fast as Mill-wheeles strike. "
Milton .
(1933) J. Buchan Prince of Captivity i. iv. 125 "We've got to see that our Miltons don't remain mute and inglorious, but above all that our Hampdens are not left to rot on a village green. "
mince , [v.]
(1693) J. Dryden in Dryden's Juvenal xiv. (1697) 353 "The least Remains of which they mince, and dress It o'er again to make another Mess. "
(1689) T. R. View Govt. Europe 62 "The Jesuits there have..minc'd away all the old remains of Morality and Conscience. "
Mindel .
(1972) Sci. Amer. Mar. 60/1 "Deposits laid down in the subsequent interglacial period, the Mindel-Riss, contain a few fossil remains of a true cave bear. A bear skull preserved in Mindel-Riss sediments at Swanscombe in England shows the domed forehead that is characteristic of the species."
mineral , [sb.]
(1858) Ld. St. Leonards Handy Bk. Prop. Law xvi. 105 "With special provisions as to minerals and the interests therein of remainder-men. "
mineral , [a.]
(1876) Encycl. Brit. V. 520/2 "The study of the remaining elements and of their compounds constituting inorganic, or, as it is also termed, mineral chemistry."
mineralizing , [ppl. a.]
(1796) Hatchett in Phil. Trans. LXXXVI. 286 "Although the substance was indisputably proved to be an ore of lead, yet the mineralizing principle of it remained unknown. "
minimal , [a.]
(1971) Rolling Stone 24 June 36/5 "It remained only for minimal sculpture to come along, with its emphasis on the self-contained object (sometimes just a log, rock, or mound of dirt). "
ministering , [ppl. a.]
(1956) F. F. Darling Pelican in Wilderness i. 10 "Such detached thought as I could muster was of feeling sorry for the air hostess. She remained throughout the gentle ministering angel, imperturbable as she picked her way through the shambles. "
minor , [a.] and [sb.]
(1612) Colson Gen. Treas., Art Arithm. B bb 2 b, "Of Substraction... The first number is to be called the Maior, grosse sum, sum total, or superior number... The second is named the Minor... The third is called the Remainer."
(1709-29) V. Mandey Syst. Math., Arith. 13 "The Remainer added to the Subducend, if the Sum makes the Minorand, 'tis right."
minority .
(1971) R. Bendix in A. Bullock 20th Cent. 357/1 "The citizenship of racial minorities remains an unresolved problem. Members of minority groups are denied rights which are formally theirs. "
(1959) 20th Cent. 333 "A place remains for it [sc. sound radio]..in the evenings for special minority interests and for music. "
mintage .
(1645) Virginia Stat. (1823) I. 308 "To allow for the mintage 12d. per pound soe there will remaine &pstlg.9500 sterl. The mintage allowed and deducted. "
minus , quasi- [prep.] , [adv.] , [a.] , and [sb.]
(1901) Chambers's Jrnl. 4 May 366/2 "The prefix `minus' attached to a primary colour..[implies] that this particular colour is cut out of the spectrum of white light, and that the negatively-named compound is a blend of the hues remaining. `White minus red', `white minus green', and `white minus blue' would be the complete expressions; they are ordinarily termed complementary colours. "
miraculous , [a.]
(1671) Milton Samson 587 "Why else this strength Miraculous yet remaining in those locks? "
mirrnyong .
(1888) R. M. Johnston Syst. Acct. Geol. Tasmania 337 (Morris), "With the exception of their rude inconspicuous flints, and the accumulated remains of their feasts in the `mirnyongs', or native shell-mounds, along our coasts,..we have no other visible evidence of their former existence. "
(1768) Woman of Honor II. 159 "No remains of her former notions of mis-alliance, interfere to lessen her present vexation. "
mischievousness .
(1829) Bentham Justice &. Cod. Petit., Abr. Petit. Justice 3 "The system..would remain as it does in all its mischievousness. "
misconceive [v.]
(1828) Scott F.M. Perth vi, "I cannot suffer my feelings..to remain unexplained, without the possibility of my being greatly misconceived. "
miscopy [v.]
(1877) Ruskin Fors Clav. lxxxi. 250 "However..miscopied, the message..remains clear. "
(1852) Gilfillan Martyrs Sc. Covenant vii. 132 "One of the vast creatures of the bygone chaos-the magnificent miscreations of Geology, interesting..as a fossil remain. "
misdirect [v.]
(1868) Miss Yonge Cameos I. iii. 21 "He himself remained to misdirect the pursuers. "
misesteem [sb.]
(1898) Bodley France II. iii. v. 258 "The office of minister must remain in misesteem."
mislabelling [vbl. sb.]
(1960) Times 20 Sept. (Pure Food Suppl.) p. i/5 "There still remains..the possibility of..mislabelling in retail shops. "
mission , [sb.]
(1813) Edin. Rev. XXI. 155 "The French mission was still suffered to remain in Stockholm, until the Moniteur mentioned the behaviour of Gustavus disrespectfully. "
(1805) Amer. State Papers (1832) II. 669 "As nothing was said in my communication respecting the ordinary mission, it remains of course in force. "
mita .
(1777) Robertson Hist. Amer. viii. (1851) II. 102 "In Peru, each mita, or division, destined for the mines, remains there six months. "
Mitchell .
(1965) Austral. Encycl. IV. 365/1 "Four species of Astrebla (Mitchell grasses) are known. Because the dry leaves remain attached to the plant and support stock in times of drought, they have become famous as fodder plants."
mitosome .
(1920) L. Doncaster Introd. Study Cytol. vii. 95 "In the spermatocyte, as the cell enlarges, the mitochondrial bodies increase in size... In the young spermatid they unite to form a fairly compact mass near the nucleus at the side of the cell at which the tail will grow out. [Note] This mitochondrial mass (`mitosome') constitutes the `Nebenkern' of some authors, but as the word has been used to designate the remains of the division-spindle.., the `idiozome'..and other cell-structures, it is now dropping out of use. "
mob , [sb. 1]
(1940) Geogr. Jrnl. XCV. 242 "There is now only one firm remaining which has a mob of mules. "
mobile , [sb. 2]
(1676) Shadwell Libertine v. 81 "D. Lop. D' hear that noise? the remaining Rogues have rais'd the Mobile, and are coming upon us... Enter two Shepherds, with a great Rabble. "
mobile , [sb. 3]
(1967) Listener 2 Feb. 176/3 "The crystallization of these new formal principles was the `mobile'. It connotes a dynamic arrangement of musical thoughts in which several patterns are possible, depending on the decision of the interpreter... A `mobile' is made up of finite (musical) thoughts of fairly conventional dimensions... As units they remain constant; but the arrangement of their sequence varies, subject to certain pre-compositional order. "
Mobius .
(1941) Courant &. Robbins What is Math.? v. 260 "If the Moebius strip is cut along this [center] line..we find that it remains in one piece. "
mock , [v.]
(1840) Gentl. Mag. Oct. 338 "Both places..bear the name of Mock-Beggar's Hall. The one is an insulated rock near Bakewell..presenting from the road the semblance of a house... The other is a Tudor..mansion in the parish of Claydon..which..remained so long unoccupied as to be the cause of numerous disappointments to those travellers who had never been taken in before. "
mode , [sb.]
(1825) Waterton Wand. S. Amer. i. i. 88 "The only mode then that remains is to proceed by water. "
modelled , [ppl. a.]
(1679) in Wodrow Hist. Suff. Ch. Scot. (1722) II. 60 "The Lord Macdonald, a professed Papist, with a modelled Army..hath remained in Armes. "
moderate , [a.] and [sb.]
(1924) J. T. Gwynn Indian Politics iii. 18 "The Moderate or Co-operating party is to-day so unpopular that it takes some strength of mind to remain a Co-operator. "
moderated , [ppl. a.]
(1950) F. Gaynor Encycl. Atomic Energy 114 "In a moderated reactor there remain more free neutrons to sustain and propagate the fission chain reaction of U235. "
modern , [a.] and [sb.]
(1830) Lyell Princ. Geol. I. 114 "If such species be termed modern, in comparison to races which preceded them, their remains, nevertheless, enter into submarine deposits many hundred miles in length. "
modernness .
(1874) Mahaffy Soc. Life Greece ix. 278 "The fact remains a very curious monument of the modernness of Attic life. "
modification .
(1845) J. M. Kemble in Proc. Philol. Soc., II. 136 "These modifications remain, even though the vowel that caused them should have perished by lapse of time. "
modificational , [a.]
(1924) J. A. Thompson in Glasgow Herald 19 July 4 "When we put aside these parasitic diseases and modificational diseases, there remain those that may be called constitutional."
modulate , [v.]
(1721) A Malcolm Treat. Mus. 446 "It now remains to shew, how to modulate from one Key to another, so that the Transitions may be easy and natural. "
modulus .
(1888) C. Smith Treat. Algebra xxviii. 487 "If two numbers a and b leave the same remainder when divided by a third number c, they are said to be congruent with respect to the modulus c. "
Mohican Mohegan , [a.] and [sb.]
(1960) Guardian 27 Sept. 2/4 "A Lowestoft boy..had a `Mohican' haircut on Saturday and then went back to the barber to have the remaining strip of hair cut. "
Moine .
(1961) Science Progress 716 "The Moine Series is the last great formation of sedimentary origin in the British Isles whose stratigraphical relations remain to be established. "
molasse .
(1827) R. Jameson tr. Cuvier's Theory Earth 97 "Certain lignites and molasses do in fact contain them [i.e. fossil remains of terrestrial mammifera]. "
moler (2) .
(1948) Archit. Rev. CIV. 57 "The remaining blocks will be finished in a 412 in. external concrete-brick cladding with an internal 4 in. skin of molar [sic] blocks with a 2 in. cavity. "
moly (2) ,
(1970) Financial Times 13 Apr. 27/8 "Not that Amax is remaining dormant on the moly front. The bringing in of the Henderson mine..will nigh on double production capacity."
momentally [adv.]
(1646) Sir T. Browne Pseud. Ep. iii. xxi. 160 "Ayre but momentally remaining in our bodies, it hath no proportionable space for its conversion."
momentous , [a.]
(1656) Jeanes Mixt. Schol. Div. 15 "There remaineth a second objection, which is the more momentous. "
momentum .
(1699) Keill Exam. Refl. Th. Earth 10 "According to the Laws of motion, the momentum or quantity of motion of both bodies taken together would remain the same. "
monarchical , [a.]
(1833) Alison Hist. Europe (1849) I. iv. §.38. 474 "The remains of monarchical attachment yet lingered. "
mongrel , [sb.] and [a.]
(1576) Fleming tr. Caius' Dogs 33 "It remaineth that we deliuer vnto you the Dogges of a mungrell or currishe kind. "
mono- ,
(1878) tr. Gegenbaur's Comp. Anat. 597 "If the rete remains broken up, then it is known as a diffuse, unipolar, or *monocentric rete mirabile. "
monochronic , [a.]
(1882) Ogilvie, "Monochronic, in geol. applied to organic remains which seem to have been deposited at the same period. [Similarly in later Dicts.]"
monodelph .
(1870) Flower Osteol. Mamm. i. (1876) 3 "The remaining Monodelphian Mammals are:-i. Primates. "
monodromy .
(1897) B. Russell Essay on Foundations of Geometry i. 24 "As regards independence of rotation in rigid bodies (Monodromy). If (n&min.1) points of a body remain fixed, so that every other point can only describe a certain curve, then that curve is closed. "
monogamous , [a.]
(1946) Koestler Thieves in Night ii. iv. 170 "There remains the tyranny of monogamousness."
monomolecular , [a.]
(1935) J. N. Friend Text-bk. Physical Chem. 81 "As the solvent and catalyst molecules remain virtually constant in amount, many reactions that really are polymolecular are found to conform to the requirements of the monomolecular law. "
monomyary , [a.] and [sb.]
(1872) Nicholson Pal&ae.ont. 218 "In the Monomyary Bivalves it is the posterior adductor which remains, and the anterior adductor is absent."
monopolar , [a.]
(1906) Practitioner Dec. 772 "The patient, if the monopolar bath had to be administered, grasped a metal bar, suspended from the ceiling, and in connection with the battery swung over the bath, the other electrode remaining in the water. "
monostichous , [a.]
(1888) Rolleston &. Jackson Anim. Life 492 (Arthropoda) "The hypodermic cells beneath the thickened cuticle constitute the ommateum, and remain either in a single or form a double layer; hence mono- or diplo-stichous. The monostichous ommateum is said to be apostatic when cup-shaped. "
monotonicity .
(1971) Nature 23 Apr. 524/2 "Speech remained unaffected except for slight slowing and slurring of words and the presence of some monotonicity."
monovalent , [a.]
(1972) McGraw-Hill Yearbk. Sci. &. Technol. 142/2 "The agglutinin used in this experiment was a monovalent rather than a divalent agglutinin, that is, a molecule which binds to the cell surface with its one remaining active site but which cannot cause agglutination because it lacks a second active site."
monovular , [a.]
(1962) Biol. Abstr. XL. 1726/1 "While neonatal polycythemia in monovular twins is obviously due to intrauterine transfer of blood.., the postnatal polycythemia in single newborn infants remains unexplained. "
(1601) Holland Pliny I. 359 "Ouer and aboue those monstruosities which Italy hath deuised of it selfe, we haue remaining..those also of strange..nations abroad. "
monument , [sb.]
(1611) Bible Isa. lxv. 4 "A people..Which remaine among the graues, and lodge in the monuments. "
(1837) J. Phillips Geol. 5 "It is not certain that monuments remain of all the changes which have occured. "
monumentary , [a.]
(1810) Sporting Mag. XXXVI. 153 "The remains of this once celebrated character are permitted to remain without any monumentary token of respect."
moon , [sb. 1]
(1959) J. Fleming Miss Bones xii. 136 "Her large moon-face remained quite expressionless. "
mooring , [vbl. sb.]
(1803) Chron. in Ann. Reg. 468/2 "The *mooring-stones remained perfectly steady as did all the ships that were properly moored. "
(1939) G. Clark Arch&ae.ol. &. Society ii. 20 "Over many parts of the North Sea bed..fishermen have found the remains of a great freshwater fen in the form of lumps of `moor log'."
moot , [a.]
(1876) A. D. Murray Charnwood 110 "It remains a moot problem to be guessed at. "
mop , [v. 2]
(1781) P. Beckford Hunting (1803) 36 "If water should remain,..it should be carefully mopped up. "
mope , [v.]
(1881) Lady Herbert Edith 16 "Gordon could not compel her to remain at home and `mope herself to death' as she expressed it. "
mopping , [vbl. sb. 2]
(1925) Fraser &. Gibbons Soldier &. Sailor Words 158 "Mopping-up, the term for the work allotted to special parties of men appointed to follow close in the track of advancing `waves' of troops, in order to explore and clear the enemy lines and dug-outs of men remaining behind... The Mopping-up method was first adopted at the Battle of Arras in February, 1917. "
moral , [a.]
(1946) Mind LV. 189 "His interest in moral psychology and the empirical facts of the moral life remained. "
morality .
(1656) in Burton's Diary (1828) I. 25 "By the Mosaic law, blasphemers were to be stoned to death. The morality of this remains. "
morass .
(1657) R. Ligon Barbadoes (1673) 25 "There remains, making a great part of that flat, a kinde of Bog or Morost. "
Mordvin .
(1942) K. W. Deutsch in J. A. Fishman Readings Sociol. of Lang. (1968) 601 "Of the 13 remaining nationalities, nine have formed administrative units on a national, linguistic basis with various degrees of political self-government within the European part of the U.S.S.R.: the Bashkirs, Chuvashs, Cheremiss, Mordvins, [etc.]. "
more , [a.] ( [sb.] ) and [adv.]
(1886) Harper's Mag. July 323/2 "But he (mor'n you and I with all of our might) Could not here always remain. "
mores . Normally const. as [sb. pl.]
(1911) V. E. Shelford in Biol. Bull. 147 "It is of course recognized that within rather uncertain limits the mores of a morphological species remain, in a general way, the same throughout its geographic range. "
Morian [a.] and [sb.]
(1597) J. King On Jonas (1618) 493 "What remaineth, but to repent? to change our Morian skinnes, to put off our stained coats, and to wash our feet from their filthinesse."
morning , [sb.] (and [a.] )
(1947) Sat. Rev. (U.S.) 12 Apr. 20/1 "The nation relaxes, and only the morning-after headaches and the morning-after quarterbacks remain. "
(1840) R. H. Dana Bef. Mast iii, "The larboard watch..go below until four in the morning, when they come on deck again and remain till eight, having what is called the morning watch. "
morphosyntax .
(1969) tr. Akhmanova &. Mikael'an's Theory Syntax Mod. Linguistics ii. 26 "He [sc. Br&obar.ndal] not only remained faithful to his conception of `morphology' and syntax, but also developed it by introducing the notion of `morphosyntax' to cover such phenomena as the functioning of words in sentences, the semantic modification of words in context, [etc.]. "
morsel , [sb.]
(1597) Hooker Eccl. Pol. v. lxxix. 5 "He simply deliuered vp a large morsell whereby the value of that which remained was betrayed. "
morsel , [v.]
(1855) Mrs. Gore Mammon I. 7 "Their estates have been morselled out; while ours remain intact. "
mortal , [a.]
(1836) C. Forster Life Jebb (1851) 325 "His mortal remains were laid in St. Paul's Churchyard, Clapham. "
mortar , [sb. 1]
(1530) in Arch&ae.ologia III. 156 "Returning to the chaundry all the remains of mortars, torches, quarries, prickets and sizes. "
mortarless , [a.]
(1886) Athen&ae.um 31 July 152 "The remains of mortarless stone churches. "
mortgager .
(1883) Encycl. Brit. XVI. 848/1 "In equity the mortgager remains the real owner, and the mortgagee is merely an encumbrancer."
Mortlake .
(1902) Ld. Avebury Scenery Eng. ix. 303 "The loop often remains as a dead river-channel or `Mortlake'. Such loop-lakes are known in America by the special name of `Ox&dubh.bows'. "
(1962) Read &. Watson Introd. Geol. iv. 172 "When the loop of the meander becomes large it is liable to be cut-off across its neck, leaving an abandoned separated portion which may remain as an oxbow-lake or mort-lake. "
mosaic , [a. 1] and [sb.]
(1902) W. Bateson et al. Rep. Evolution Comm. R. Soc. I. 23 "Among the large number of capsules examined, there were some of the mosaic type, in which part of the capsule was prickly and the remainder smooth. "
mosaicked , [a.]
(1849) Rock Ch. of Fathers II. 138 note, "The mosaiced apse belonging to one of those large halls built in the Lateran palace, at Rome, by Leo III..still remains. "
mote , [sb. 1]
(1842) J. Aiton Domest. Econ. (1857) 221 "A corn sickle is then drawn through the butter several cross ways, in order to take out any hairs that may remain in it; and if any other motes appear, they are also taken out."
mothball [sb.]
(1967) Boston Sunday Herald 30 Apr. 1. 7/1 "A..port improvement paid for by the MPA has remained in mothballs.., because no container ships have been scheduled to or from Boston. "
mother , [sb. 1]
(1674) Ray Collection 136 "(Manner of making Vitriol) The liquor that remains after the vitriol is crystallized, they call the mother. "
(1839) Penny Cycl. XV. 448/1 "Mother&dubh.water. When any saline solution has been evaporated so as to deposit crystals on cooling, the remaining solution is termed the mother-water, or sometimes merely the mothers."
(1968) Jazz Monthly Feb. 4/1 "John Steiner..owns the rights to what remains of the Paramount company, including numerous masters and mothers, so it is likely that the actual recording quality will be a great deal better than that on most past Paramount-derived reissues."
motionless , [a.]
(1883) J. Gilmour Mongols 362 "Etiquette requiring them to remain motionless at the board."
motivation .
(1948) M. H. Nicolson Voyages to Moon v. 195 "Swift's flying chariot remains unique in the history of literature..both for its vast size..and for the plausibility of its principle of motivation."
motive , [sb.]
(A. 1834) Coleridge Notes &. Lect. (1849) I. 233 "O what a lesson concerning..the folly of all *motive-mongering, while the individual self remains! "
motto .
(1716) M. Davies Athen. Brit. II. 53 "His Motto-Pamphlet still remaineth in each Window, Misericordias Domini in &ae.ternum Cantabo. "
mould , [sb. 1]
(1796) Kirwan Elem. Min. (ed. 2) I. 373 "Moulds are loams mixed with animal and vegetable remains, particularly from putrefaction. "
mould , [sb. 3]
(1854) Woodward Mollusca 286 "Specimens frequently occur in which the outer shell layer is preserved, whilst the inner is wanting, and the mould (`birostrites') remains loose in the centre. "
moulding [vbl. sb. 2]
(1964) W. L. Goodman Hist. Woodworking Tools 52 "The remainder include moulding plane irons,..rebate- and shoulder-plane irons, and plough irons. "
mound , [sb. 3]
(1861) Bateman 19 Years' Diggings 271 "Remains of two individuals from the destroyed Mound at Crake Low. "
mount , [sb. 1]
(1710) J. Harris Lex. Techn. II. s.v., "After Tin from the burnt Ore is melted down and remelted, there will sometimes remain a different Slugg in the bottom of the Float, this they call Mount-Egg."
mouse , [sb.]
(1946) R. Graves Poems 1938-45 13 "And we remain *mouse-quiet when they begin Suddenly in their unpredictable way To weave an allegory of their lives. "
mouser .
(1802) C. James Milit. Dict., "Mouser, an ironical term, which is sometimes used in the British militia to distinguish battalion men from the flank companies. It is indeed generally applied to them by the grenadiers and light bobs, meaning, that while the latter are detached, the former remain in quarters, like cats, to watch the mice, &.c. "
mousy , [a.]
(1812) Sporting Mag. XXXIX. 210 "A man ought not to remain mousy [note, idle]. "
moveless , [a.]
(1836-7) Sir W. Hamilton Metaph. xviii. (1870) 353 "The intermediate balls which remain moveless, but communicate the impulse. "
mover (1) .
(1878) J. H. Beadle Western Wilds xx. 327 "Reluctantly the `movers' consented to his remaining for the night. "
mozo .
(1836) C. J. Latrobe Rambler in Mexico 49 "The remainder were sent in advance under his domestics or mozos. "
muck , [sb. 1]
(1928) Bull. Amer. Soil Survey Assoc. IX. 44 "*Muck soil, soil composed of thoroughly decomposed organic material, with a considerable amount of mineral soil material, finely divided and with few fibrous remains. "
mud , [sb. 1]
(1971) Sunday Nation (Nairobi) 11 Apr. 5/1 "The remaining cars in the Safari braced themselves for a possible mud bath. "
(1914) Pollard &. Heggem Mud-laden Fluid Applied to Well Drilling (U.S. Bur. of Mines Techn. Paper No. 66) 7 "In this paper the term `*mud-laden fluid' is applied to a mixture of water with any clay which will remain suspended in water for a considerable time. "
(1946) G. Millar Horned Pigeon xxii. 375 "The first guide, a kind of mud-pilot, remained on his bicycle. "
(1908) Westm. Gaz. 30 Dec. 8/2 "In spite of the employment of many thousands..on..clearing away the muddy remains of the recent snowstorm, the principal roadways..presented an extraordinary spectacle of mud-heaps, mud-rivers, and mud-banks. "
muishond .
(1970) News/Check (S. Afr.) 12 June 11 "An assumption has grown up over the past year or more that South Africa was well and truly isolated, that it remained the muishond of the world with whom nobody wanted anything to do. "
mujtahid .
(1961) Ann. Reg. 1960 299 "The leading mujtahid of the day having declared this law to be contrary to the shari'a and the Constitution, it seemed likely to remain a dead letter."
mull , [v. 8]
(1963) Times 7 Mar. 20/1 "In previous shoemaking methods the uppers of the shoes had to remain on `lasts' for five or six days in order to get their shape. The new process does the job in half an hour by means of pumping moisture into the leather in a special mulling machine. "
multi- ,
(1972) P. Laslett Household &. Family in Past Time 7 "A high proportion of multigenerational extended families among the remaining Dutch peasantry in the 1950s. "
(1706) Phillips (ed. Kersey), "Multiplee, is a greater Number that contains a less, a certain Number of Times without any Remainder."
mumchance , [sb.] and [a.]
(1892) Spectator 13 Feb. 229/2 "Why are the pulpits alone to remain mumchance under penalties? "
(1957) L. Durrell Justine ii. 133 "For my part I remained always stupefied and mumchance at all the avenues opened up by these thoughts. "
mummify , [v.]
(1646) J. Hall Poems 58 "Thou..shalt more long remaine Still mummifi'd within the hearts of men. "
mummy , [sb. 1]
(1952) E. Ramsden tr. Gram &. Weber's Plant Diseases ii. 153/2 "Similar mummies that have fallen and remained on or near the surface of the soil may very rarely produce clusters of small brown-stalked cup-shaped apothecia."
(1922) L. Mumford City Devel. (1946) i. 9 "What remained of the provincial town in New England was a mummy-case. "
(1796) H. Walpole Let. to Miss Berry 24 Aug., "I..shall remain, I believe, in my mummyhood. "
Munda , [sb.] and [a.]
(1912) S. C. Roy Mundas &. their Country i. 16 "The site of the original home of the Mundas will perhaps ever remain hidden from view in the mist of ages. "
muni .
(1875) Monier-Williams Indian Wisdom x. 260 "Let him remain without fire, without habitation, feeding on roots and fruits, practising the vow of a Muni. "
municipal , [a.] and [sb.]
(1806) Vesey Reports VI. 699 "Notwithstanding the Union, for all the municipal jurisdiction of the Great Seal,..the countries remain as distinct, as formerly. "
muse , [sb. 2]
(A. 1586) Sidney Arcadia ii. (1622) 113 "In this depth of muzes, and diuers sorts of discourses, would shee rauingly haue remained, but that [etc.]. "
musicalness .
(1678) Cudworth Intell. Syst. i. v. 759 "Matter..perpetually remains, and all other things whatsoever are but..passions and affections and dispositions thereof, as musicalness and unmusicalness, in respect of Socrates. "
Muslim , [sb.] and [a.]
(1955) Times 7 July 9/2 "The Muslim League did not win a majority, but remains the largest single party. "
(1551) T. Wilson Logike 76 "There remaineth a wicked inclination, the same must alwaies be brideled and kept in, even with the terror of the law, as though it were a mouse-roll. "
musty [a. 1]
(1802) Beddoes Hygë.ia viii. 32 "New musty liquors remain at least equally strong for a time."
mutation .
(1907) Athen&ae.um 31 Aug. 242/1 "The theory of mutation..assumes that a species has its birth, its lifetime, and its death, even as an individual, and that throughout its life it remains one and the same. By a mutation it does not change itself, but simply produces a new type. The mutation `is allied to its ancestor as a branch is to a tree'. "
mute , [a.] and [sb. 1]
(1639) S. Du Verger tr. Camus' Admir. Events 311 "Mute-strucken with this lustre..he remained quite astonished. "
mutessarif .
(1921) Blackw. Mag. June 705/2 "A few of the political officers remain in the new capacity of Adviser to an Arab Mutassarif. "
mutton .
(1795) Wolcot (P. Pindar) Pindariana Wks. 1812 IV. 180 "Nay while a *mutton-light remains A sun with us no credit gains But yields to every Farthing Candle. "
mutual , [a.] and [sb.]
(1895) W. H. Hudson Spencer's Philos. 172 "Thus remaining unintegrated into the great organization of mutual-dependent parts which constitutes society."
myall (1) .
(1839) T. L. Mitchell in T. L. Mitchell Exped. East. Australia I. 20 "The natives who remain in a savage state..are named `myalls' by their half civilized brethren. "
myelocele .
(1922) Brain XLV. 44 "Myelocele... Here.. segments of the medullary folds have remained open and the neural ectoderm lies exposed on the surface of the body as a ribbon of delicate tissue down the mid-dorsal line. "
myoelectric , [a.]
(1965) D. Francis Odds Against xx. 246 "The myo-electric arm..worked entirely by harnessing the tiny electric currents generated in one's own remaining muscles. "
myotomic , [a.]
(1897) Nature 7 Oct. 555/2 "The myotomic sacs remain monodermic on their outer face."
myricin .
(1821) Ure Dict. Chem., "Myricin. The ingredient of wax which remains after digestion with alcohol. "
myth , [sb.]
(1950) Scot. Jrnl. Theol. III. 37 "To this inner fellowship of disciples the `mystery' of the Kingdom of God is disclosed, whereas to outsiders this same Kingdom remains veiled in parables, remains, that is, a figure of speech, a colourful vision, an imaginative dream, or, as we might say, a myth. "
N ,
(1914) Railway Mag. Nov. 401/1 "It was..agreed that all existing contracts and conditions of service shall remain in operation,..(signed) for General Managers' Committee:-..for *N.U.R.:-..for A.S.L.E.&.F.:-. "
(1889) Schoolmaster 4 May 634/1 "In place of the familiar initials, N.U.E.T. we have the shorter, and let us hope the improved, form of *N.U.T... The objects of the N.U.E.T. remain the objects of the N.U.T. "
Nabataean , [sb.] and [a.]
(1601) Holland tr. Pliny's Nat. Hist. I. xii. xx. 374 "The Troglodyte Nabath&ae.ans: who onely of the ancient Nabath&ae.ans, there setled and remained. "
Na-Dene .
(1965) Canad. Jrnl. Linguistics 97 "Na-Dene..also remains essentially as organized by Sapir. "
Nahuatl , [sb.] and [a.]
(1877) L. H. Morgan Ancient Society ii. vi. 181 "The question of the organization of these, and the remaining Nahuatlac tribes of Mexico, in gentes will be considered in the next ensuing chapter. "
nail , [sb.]
(1774) Goldsm. Nat. Hist. (1776) II. 285 "The nails still continued perfect; and all the marks of the joints..remained perfectly visible. "
nailed , [ppl. a.]
(1683) Moxon Mech. Exerc., Printing xxiv. &page.19 "He..doubles the loose half of the Leather over the remaining Nail'd-on half. "
naked , [a.] and [sb. 1]
(1697) Dryden Virg. Georg. iii. 716 "We see the naked Alps, and thin Remains Of scatter'd Cotts. "
(1875) Bennett &. Dyer tr. Sachs' Bot. 433 "The cases are, however, not rare in which the seeds remain quite naked from first to last."
(1818) Cruise Digest (ed. 2) II. 455 "Suppose a naked right, or a contingent remainder had descended. "
nakodo .
(1890) B. H. Chamberlain Things Japanese 221 "The conduct of the affair must be entrusted to a middleman (nako&mac.do)-some discreet married friend, who not only negotiates the marriage, but remains through life a sort of godfather to the young couple. "
namby-pamby , [a.] and [sb.]
(1823) Edin. Rev. XXXIX. 73 "Too many of these namby-pamby lyrics have still been allowed to remain. "
name , [sb.]
(1714) Cunn Treat. Fractions 51 "The Quote is that part of the Answer that is of that Name; then reduce the Remainder to the next inferior Name."
nap , [sb. 5]
(1820) Moore Mem. (1853) III. 99 "Got forty pounds at the banker's and gave Mr. Lake his remaining three Naps. "
Napoleon . Also with lower-case initial.
(1968) A. Binkley What shall I Cry? 139 "`You got more of those cakes?'.. Lenni handed him a box in which one napoleon remained. "
(1970) Guardian Weekly 6 June 2 "Without our nation standing up against Russia's modern day mad dog Napoleonism Europe itself would not remain independent through the 1970s. "
(1851) H. Melville Whale II. 59 "What little nappishness remained in us altogether departed."
nark , [v.]
(1945) Daily Sketch 20 Apr. 2/2 "Like you, I am all for personal liberty-and so no doubt are the inmates of Wormwood Scrubs-but the fact remains that so long as there is not economic freedom for everybody, what is the point of constantly narking about State-planning? "
Narodnik .
(1950) E. H. Carr Bolshevik Revolution iii. 52 "The peasantry remained for the Mensheviks an essentially anti-revolutionary force; any revolutionary policy which counted on its support was a reversion to the narodnik heresy of a peasant revolution. "
narrow , [a.] and [sb.]
(1935) Economist 12 Oct. 712/2 "Technically, markets remain `narrow', and day-to-day price movements are correspondingly exaggerated. "
naso- ,
(1669) Holder Elem. Speech 59 "Thus out of..36, casting out as useless..9 Naso-Spiritals, 6 Naso-Vocals, and 2 Spiritals, there remain 19 Consonants. "
Nasrani .
(1615) G. Sandys Relation III. 153 "On the twentieth of March with the rising Sunne we departed. A small remainder of that great Caruan; the Nostraines (so name they the Christians of the East) that rid vpon Mules and Asses being gone before. "
nastic , [a.]
(1929) J. C. Bose Growth &. Tropic Movements Plants xx. 216 "If the movement be nastic, then the closure or the opening movement will remain the same, whether the organ be held in normal position or upside down. "
nastiness .
(1897) Allbutt's Syst. Med. III. 627 "Such sense of taste as remains is only capable of perceiving a bitter nastiness."
natation .
(1793) Charac. in Ann. Reg. 252/1 "Had I remained in England and opened a school of natation. "
native , [a.]
(1821) Shelley Epipsych. 426 "This land would have remained a solitude But for some pastoral people native there. "
natural , [sb.]
(1579) J. Stubbes Gaping Gulf D iv, "Yf they..remained but in theyr pure naturalles, they would neuer so speake for a faultor prince of Rome. "
(1630) R. Johnson's Kingd. &. Commw. 188 "The same naturall of lightnesse and inconstancie still remaines in the French. "
natural , [a.]
(1836-7) Dickens Sk. Boz, Our Parish iv, "For the remainder of the old woman's natural life."
naturalist , [sb.] and [a.]
(1752) Hume Ess. &. Treat. (1777) I. 330 "All water..remains always at a level. Ask naturalists the reason. "
naturalistic , [a.]
(1934) C. D. Broad Five Types Ethical Theory vii. 257 "Those theories which hold that ethical characteristics can be analysed without remainder into non-ethical ones may be called..Naturalistic Theories. "
naturalize , [v.]
(1861) Wilson &. Geikie in Wilson &. Geikie Life 250 "Forbes returned to the Isle of Man, where he remained two months, naturalizing, as was his wont."
nature , [sb.]
(1864) Pusey Lect. Daniel ix. 561 "It is man's own fault, if..he remain in, or apostatise into, a state of nature."
naumachia .
(1774) Wraxall Tour North. Europe (1775) 3 "The venerable remains of amphitheatres, temples and naumachiae. "
nautic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1813) Southey Nelson II. 85 "Part of them were drafted into the different regiments, and the remainder formed into a corps, called the nautic legion. "
Navajo , [sb.] and [a.]
(1957) P. Worsley Trumpet shall Sound 243 "The Navaho..were one of the few Indian tribes who remained unaffected by the Ghost Dance of 1890. "
naval , [a.] (and [sb.] )
(1678) Marvell Growth Popery Wks. (Grosart) IV. 294 "So that the two great naval powers of Europe being crushed together, he might remain sole arbitrator of the ocean. "
navy (1) .
(1972) Arable Farmer Feb. 55/2 "The navy bean crop must remain a matter for research and speculation for at least a year or two. "
Neanderthal .
(1923) A. L. Kroeber Anthropol. xv. 472 "Whenever the origin of a people remains obscure, be they Neandertals, Alpines, Sumerians,..or what not, some one propounds the convenient hypothesis of deriving them from this vast interior land [sc. central Asia]. "
neat's tongue
(1820) Scott Abbot xix, "The remains of a cold capon and a neat's tongue. "
neb , [sb.]
(1828) Moir Mansie Wauch ii. 25 "Imagining that nothing remained for them, but to dight their nebs and flee up. "
nebular , [a.]
(1877) Lockyer in Nature XVI. 414/1 "The nebular hypothesis..remains untouched by these observations."
nebule (2) .
(1823) P. Nicholson Pract. Build. 589 "Nebule; a zigzag ornament, but without angles, frequently found in the remains of Saxon architecture. "
nebulous , [a.]
(1860) Motley Netherl. (1868) I. 24 "The new-risen republic remained for a season nebulous. "
necking , [sb.]
(1831) T. Hope Ess. Origin Man II. 110 "These neckings remain so flexible that..the pressure from the air above weighs them down."
(1932) S. Wood Shades Prison House xxii. 340 "An investigation brought to light the remains of the woman and her children, and Mr. Burrows was now booked to play lead at a neck-tie party, shortly to be convened. He walked to and fro with the death guards. "
necropolis .
(1850) Grote Greece ii. lix. (1862) V. 213 "Extensive catacombs yet remain to mark the length of time during which this ancient Nekropolis served its purpose. "
needle , [sb.]
(1803) Med. Jrnl. X. 566 "If the anterior part of the capsula remain,..the needle is retracted from the lens. "
negative , [a.]
(1817) Keats Let. c 21 Dec. (1958) I. 193, "I had not a dispute but a disquisition, with Dilke, on various subjects; several things dovetailed in my mind, &. at once it struck me, what quality went to form a Man of Achievement especially in Literature &. which Shakespeare possessed so enormously-I mean Negative Capability, that is when man is capable of being in uncertainties, Mysteries, doubts without any irritable reaching after fact &. reason-Coleridge, for instance, would let go by a fine isolated verisimilitude caught from the Penetralium of mystery, from being incapable of remaining content with half knowledge. "
neglect , [sb.]
(1711) Prior Henry &. Emma 616 "Rescue my poor remains from vile neglect. "
(1927) Amer. Mercury May 33/1 "The corpse is not a corpse nor does it wear a shroud. It is the body, or the remains;..and the garment in which it is wrapped, when there is one aside from ordinary clothing, is a neglig&eacu.e. "
negotiable , [a.]
(1880) Daily Tel. 25 Oct., "The riders remain behind, for the wall from the road is hardly negotiable. "
Negress .
(1786) tr. Beckford's Vathek (1868) 31 "The Princess remained in the company of her negresses. "
Negro .
(1965) S. S. Smith Ess. Causes of Variety of Complexion &. Figure p. lvii, "It remains hazardous..to offer summary findings as to skeletal differences between whites and negroes. "
neighbourhood .
(1809-10) Coleridge Friend (1865) 126 "Men remain in the domestic state and form neighbour&dubh.hoods, but not governments. "
nekton .
(1975) Nature 17 Apr. 591/2 "The stomachs of the fish contained the remains of nektonic, planktonic and benthic organisms."
neo-classic [a.]
(1965) Times Lit. Suppl. 25 Nov. 1063/2 "The `lower order' was one which allowed Gay his particularly delicate critical assimilation of the vulgar writers and the `trivial' moderns, while himself remaining, in theory at least, in the camp of the neo-classicists. "
neologism .
(1905) A. J. Rosanoff tr. Rogues de Fursac's Man. Psychiatry ii. 46 "Neologisms the meaning of which may remain absolutely enigmatical to the patient himself. "
neo-Malthusian [a.] and [sb.]
(1934) A. Huxley Beyond Mexique Bay 255 "You cannot teach primitive Indians to practise the Neo-Malthusian techniques and expect them to remain primitive Indians. "
neon .
(1958) Spectator 14 Feb. 197/1 "The actress, the best-selling author, or the famous film star who..remain tragically single, trapped in their own accursed, neon-lit achievement. "
Nepalese , [a.] and [sb.]
(1927) Chambers's Jrnl. June 370/1 "The bungalow..remained in charge of a Nepali. "
nephro- ,
(1902) Vaughan &. Novy Cellular Toxins (ed. 4) vii. 144 "The blood of animals in which one ureter has remained tied for some time becomes laden with a *nephrotoxic substance. "
neritic , [a.]
(1974) Lucas &. Critch Life in Oceans i. 24 "The pelagic division is divided into the region inshore of the continental edge, known as the `neritic province', and the remainder, called the `oceanic province'."
nesting [vbl. sb.]
(1924) J. A. Thomson Sci. Old &. New xxi. 116 "The selection is marked by the bird's remaining near the chosen spot and giving the *nesting-call to the mate. "
net , [sb. 1]
(1919) J. Buchan Mr. Standfast iii. 63 "By the middle of 1915 most [enemy spies]..had been gathered in. But there remained loose ends, and..somebody was very busy combining these ends into a net. "
net , [a.]
(1588) J. Mellis Briefe Instr. B ij b, "The remaine is the net rest, substance or capitall of the owner. "
net , [v. 1]
(1883) in N. Okoshi Fisheries Japan 33 (Fish. Exhib. Publ.), "There will remain 384 meshes, which, being netted again [etc.]."
neurilemma .
(1889) Allbutt's Syst. Med. VI. 626 "If the nucleus of the segmental neurilemma cell remain perfectly healthy. "
neuro- ,
(1970) A. Peters et al. Fine Struct. Nervous Syst. iv. 62/2 "The precise correlation between the classical neurofibrils of silver preparations and the structures seen in electron micrographs remains uncertain. "
neuroepithelial , [a.]
(1948) R. A. Willis Path. Tumours lii. 818 "While it is possible that the tumours containing undoubted embryonic neuro-epithelial tissue..were indeed pure embryonic neuro-epithelial growths, this remains uncertain. "
neuroleptic , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1971) Nature 26 Nov. 224/2 "All patients remained on their previous neuroleptic medication throughout the study. "
Neuroptera , [sb. pl.]
(1870) H. A. Nicholson Man. Zool. (1875) 302 "The earliest known insects..consist of the remains of Neuroptera."
neuter , [a.] and [sb.]
(1859) Jephson Brittany xiv. 225 "In the wars of Blois and Montfort the citizens flattered themselves that they could remain neuter."
neutral , [a.] and [sb.]
(1600) Edmonds Observ. C&ae.sar's Comm. 101 "Such other Commonweales, as before that time had remained newtrall. "
(1952) Amateur Boxing (`Know the Game' Series) 29 "When a boxer is `down', his opponent must immediately retire to the farther neutral corner where he shall remain until ordered to resume boxing by the Referee. "
neutralism .
(1963) M. Brecher New States of Asia iv. 112 "Neutralism has in common with non&dubh.alignment an expressed desire to remain aloof from bloc conflict. But neutralism goes much further, for it involves a positive attitude towards bloc conflicts. A neutralist state assumes an obligation to help reduce tensions between blocs with a view to maintaining peace or bringing about peace, and more particularly to prevent the outbreak of war."
neutralize , [v.]
(1766) Cavendish in Phil. Trans. LVII. 100 "There is still a good deal of earth remaining in it in a neutralized state. "
neutron .
(1972) Physics Bull. June 349/1 "Although it is comforting and often convenient to consider the proton and neutron as elementary particles with no internal substructure, they are in fact particles in a state of continual change... The neutron divides its time between being a neutron and a composite proton-negative pion system, while remaining electrically neutral. "
new , [a.] and [sb. 2]
(1774) Goldsm. Nat. Hist. (1776) VII. 272 "The remainder of the old aliment will be seen mixing with the new. "
(1874) C. M. Yonge Life J. C. Patteson I. viii. 214 "The little New Caledonian remained at Taurarua. "
Newcastle (2)
(1959) Chambers's Encycl. V. 422/1 "The classical tradition in Eton education, strengthened by the institution of the Newcastle scholarship in 1829, remains strong to-day. "
news , [sb.] ( [pl.] )
(1974) Publishers Weekly 18 Feb. 44/2 "Newsprint remains a headache for most paperback publishers [in Britain] and one was shocked recently to find himself quoted a price almost twice what he usually pays. "
New Thought new thought
(1899) H. W. Dresser Voices of Freedom ii. 22 "The term `New Thought', now the accepted appellation of a doctrine which has differentiated itself from..mental science..and become the representative teaching of those who..are not worshippers of personality, are not bound to certain books, but remain independent. "
nice , [a.]
(1901) W. D. Howells Heroines of Fiction I. 12 "They imagined the heroine who was after all a Nice Girl; who still remains the ideal of our fiction. "
nicely , [adv.]
(1854) H. Miller Sch. &. Schm. i. (1857) 9 "For a man who had often looked death in the face, he had remained nicely tender of human life."
niche , [sb.]
(1756-7) tr. Keysler's Trav. (1760) II. 310 "The niches still remaining shew, that this temple formerly contained the statues of the gods. "
nickel , [sb.]
(1901) Daily Colonist (Victoria, B.C.) 20 Oct. 10/3 "So long as..there is no means of obtaining..official reports,..so long will mining stock investment remain on the level of `nickel-in-the-slot' gambling. "
nidicolous , [a.]
(1962) J. C. Welty Life of Birds xvii. 319/1 "The altricial bird, is born naked, or nearly so, is usually blind, and is too weak to support itself on its legs... Such birds remain confined to the nest for some days or weeks. They are therefore called nidicoles or nest-dwellers. "
nigh , [adv.] , [a.] , and [sb.]
(1711) Fingall MSS. in 10th Rep. Hist. MSS. Comm. App. V. 131 "They had orders to remain at the nigher end of the four mile pass. "
night , [sb.]
(1921) A. Christie Mysterious Affair at Styles viii. 170 "She had kindly offered to remain on night duty. "
(1809) Sporting Mag. XXXIV. 56 "Suffering his name to remain upon the debtor side of a *night book for years. "
(1870) D. J. Kirwan Palace &. Hovel xxxii. 481 "When the dancing places..close, this door remains open to catch all stray night birds who can find no other resting place. "
night letter
(1938) E. T. Crutchley G.P.O. vii. 146 "There are various by-products of the telegraph system about which the ordinary man-in-the-street remains strangely ignorant. For instance there is the Night Telegraph Letter which provides a means of communication after the usual posting hour, and at a cheaper rate than by the ordinary telegraph service. "
(1839-52) Bailey Festus 37/1 "He strained His eyes to work the nightness which remained."
(1793) Regal Rambler 24 "The ragged remains of a nightrail. "
(1671) F. Philipps Reg. Necess. 580 "To lodge the remainder of the night among the debauched or unruly sort of people, calld Rats or Night-walkers. "
nil (2) .
(1936) A. W. Clapham Romanesque Archit. i. 5 "Of all the various structures referred to or described by Isidore of Seville..the surviving remains are almost nil. "
nine , [a.] and [sb.]
(1798) Hutton Course Math. I. 10 "Add the figures..and find how many nines are contained in their sum.-Reject those nines, and set down the remainder. "
ninefold , [a.] , [sb.] , and [adv.]
(A. 1845) Hood The United Family xxii, "A ninefold woe remains behind. "
niobic , [a.]
(1845) H. Rose in Chem. Gaz., III. 36, "The niobic acid remains colourless. "
nip [sb. 1]
(1857) W. Brookes in Pat. Abridgm., Spinning (1866) 1249 "When by no nip thereof taking place the fibre will remain stationary. "
nisi .
(1872) Will Wharton's Law Lex., "Decree Nisi..remains imperfect for at least six months. "
nitrogen .
(1794) Pearson in Phil. Trans. LXXXIV. 391 "The remainder of the gaz extinguished flame, and was concluded to be nitrogen or azotic gaz. "
(1946) Jrnl. Amer. Med. Assoc. 21 Sept. 132/1 "Although indications and contraindications for the use of the *nitrogen mustards remain to be established definitively, it is felt that these agents are deserving of further clinical trial. "
no , [a.]
(1671) Milton Samson 650 "This one prayer yet remains,..No long petition. "
(1650) Bounds Publ. Obed. (ed. 2) 47 "The remaining Members make no House. "
(1959) C. C. Chang Practice of Zen ii. 59 "The so-called No-mind (Chinese: Wu hsin) is not like day, wood, or stone, that is, utterly devoid of consciousness; nor does the term imply that the mind stands still without any reaction when it contacts objects or circumstances in the world. It..is natural and spontaneous at all times... There is nothing impure within it; neither does it remain in a state of impurity. When one observes his body and mind, he sees them as magic shadows or as a dream... When he reaches this point, then he can be considered as having arrived at the true state of No-mind. "
no ball no-ball [sb.]
(1974) Sunday Tel. 3 Mar. 33/7 "Hayes, his middle stump removed by a Holder no-ball.., remained to fight another day. "
noble , [a.] and [sb. 1]
(1842) Parnell Chem. Anal. (1845) 96 "Silver and palladium are the only noble metals which dissolve in melted bisulphate of potash. Note. Noble metals are those which do not become converted into oxides, but remain bright when heated in the air. "
nodosity .
(1808) Knox &. Jebb Corresp. (1834) I. 461 "There does not seem to remain in him a single doctrine nodosity. "
nodular , [a.]
(1872) Cohen Dis. Throat 205 "The surface of implantation at the basilary apophysis remained unequal and nodular. "
nog , [sb. 2]
(1881) A. W. Tourg&eacu.e Zouri's Christmas in Royal Gentleman viii. 527 "Then he tried to drain the glass, but a part of the foamy nogg remained in it despite his efforts."
(1946) Ann. Computation Lab. Harvard Univ. I. 26 "If..the calculator finds that all multiples of the divisor are greater than the dividend or the remainder under consideration, a zero or `no-go' is entered in the quotient counter and a new comparison made one column to the right. "
noil .
(1835) Ure Philos. Manuf. 150 "The noyls, or short refuse wool, which remains entangled among the teeth, being removed. "
noise , [sb.]
(A. 1774) Goldsm. Nat. Hist. (1776) I. 160 "This motion continued the remaining part of the day..; nor did the noise cease during the whole time. "
(1949) F. Maclean Eastern Approaches iii. v. 359 "After some time had elapsed, there were `noises off' from which those of us who remained concluded that the attention of the enemy was fully engaged elsewhere. "
no man
(1892) Month July 445 "The objectionable no-man's-land of Haeckel is likely..to remain for some time. "
nomen .
(1957) N. &. Q. Feb. 83/2 "Since, however, no such variety has been described or bred, Chub-eel (×. Aminguilla) remains a nomen nudum. "
nominate , [v.]
(1582) N. Lichefield tr. Castanheda's Conq. E. Ind. i. lxiii. 128 b, "First he would nominate him that should remaine in the Indias for Captaine generall. "
(1895) 19th Cent. July 152 "English law still remains..conspicuous for its defects of form,..and no one would pretend that the art of `nomography' is not capable of further material development. "
nomothetical [a.]
(1854) P. Fairbairn Typol. Script. (1857) II. iii. vii. 189 "The nomothetical authority of the Mosiac law is abolished, but its didactical authority remains. "
non- , [prefix]
(1970) Gainesville (Florida) Sun 24 Sept. A6 "Jordan was and remains a non-country, created out of sandscape by Britain to pay off a dynastic debt. "
(1946) Nature 14 Sept. 361/2 "Another means of attaining greater efficiency in flight..is to design the wing section so that the flow in the very thin `boundary-layer' of air near the wing surface remains *non-turbulent over as much of the surface as possible. "
(1962) Times 5 May 9/4 "A non-dazzle protective covering for our remaining pictures. "
(1881) E. Robertson in Encycl. Brit. XIII. 194/1 "That the non-combatant portions of the two communities should remain as though they were in a state of peace."
(1956) A. Church Introd. Math. Logic 135 "Taking non-conjunction as the only primitive connective, give definitions of the singulary and remaining binary connectives. "
nondescript , [a.] and [sb.]
(1806-7) J. Beresford Miseries Hum. Life (1826) ix. i, "The dry rank remains of some non-descript cheese. "
non-European [a.] and [sb.]
(1907) W. James Pragmatism v. 182 "At this stage of philosophy all non-European men without exception have remained. "
non-juror nonjuror .
(1852) Thackeray Esmond xi, "So my Lord Castlewood remained a nonjuror all his life nearly. "
(1968) Economist 20 July 19/2 "If no union can attain 50 per cent of the votes, the plant remains non-unionised. "
Norland (2) .
(1972) J. Gathorne-Hardy Rise &. Fall of Brit. Nanny vi. 178 "From the first a Norland Nurse was forbidden to hit a child... This enlightened view..has remained a key feature of the Norland training. "
normal , [a.] and [sb.]
(1894) K. Pearson in Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A. CLXXXV. 72 "A frequency-curve, which, for practical purposes, can be represented by the error curve, will for the remainder of this paper be termed a normal curve. "
Norman , [sb. 1] and [a.]
(1640) Baker Chron. (1653) 38 "Footsteps remaining of the Norman language in the English tongue. "
(1815) J. Smith Panorama Sci. &. Art I. 134 "In many small churches..the Norman door has been suffered to remain. "
northwardly [adv.] and [a.]
(1807) Vancouver Agric. Devon (1813) 38 "Proceeding northwardly through the remainder of East Allington. "
nose , [sb.]
(1853) Kane Grinnell Exp. xxxii. (1856) 277 "The brig remains as she was-her nose burrowing in the snow. "
(1894) K. Hedges Amer. Electr. Street Railways vii. 75 "In the case of the G.E. 800 type when the side suspension is used, the whole of the weight is taken off the axle, whereas by the older method half the weight only was on the cross bar, resting on springs, and the remainder on the axle. One method is known as the End or *Nose Suspension, the other as the Side Bar Suspension. "
nose , [v.]
(1879) Mark Twain Let. 21 Jan. (1920) I. 187 "The detectives were nosing around after Stewart's loud remains. "
note , [sb. 2]
(1798) W. Hutton Life 33, "I..paid one hundred guineas down, and gave my note six months after date, for the remainder. "
(1947) Penguin Music Mag. Dec. 20 "`Twelve-tone technique', in which the twelve notes of the chromatic scale are used in an order known as a `*note-series', which remains the same throughout the work. "
notice , [v.]
(1775) Trumbull in Sparks Corr. Amer. Rev. (1853) I. 31 "Whether these are the same ships your Excellency noticed us of, remains uncertain."
(1901) J. McTaggart Stud. Hegelian Cosmol. ix. 277 "But I mean that the characteristic which experience possesses of being not-self-its `not-selfness', if the barbarism is permissible,-will always remain as an external and alien element. "
nought , [sb.] , [a.] , and [adv.]
(1860) Tyndall Glac. ii. viii. 267 "Nought remains to mark the huge moraine, but a strip of dirt. "
novel , [sb.]
(1719) J. T. Phillipps tr. Thirty-four Confer. p. xvi, "That..no ancient Indian Apostolical Monuments might remain in those Parts to reflect Reproach upon Romish Novels."
novelty .
(1876) Freeman Norm. Conq. V. xxiv. 385 "The days of King Eadward remained the standard, every departure from which was noticed as a novelty."
(1633) Johnson Gerarde's Herbal iii. xl. 1353 "Of this sort [of pitch-tree] there is found another that..remaineth dwarfish, and it carries certaine little nugaments or catkins of the bignesse of a small nut. "
nuclear , [a.] and [sb.]
(1957) Jane's Fighting Ships 1957-58 7 "Advances in nuclear propulsion enable submarines to remain submerged indefinitely. "
nucleon (1) .
(1905) W. H. Howell Text-bk. Physiol. ii. 60 "The discoverer of nucleon has attributed to it a very great physiological importance, as a source of energy to the muscle, and as an efficient means of transportation of iron, calcium, [etc.]... It must be stated, however, that there still remains some doubt as to the chemical individuality of the nucleon or the nucleons. "
nucleus , [sb.]
(1886) E. F. Smith tr. V. von Richter's Chem. Carbon Compounds 465 "The azo-group, N&b2.N, decomposes, each nitrogen atom remaining attached as NH2 to a benzene nucleus. "
nude , [a.] and [sb.]
(1897) Allbutt's Syst. Med. II. 1124 "The bladders may..remain entirely nude and free in the peritoneal cavity."
number , [v.]
(1665) Brathwait Comment. Two Tales (1901) 97 "The Remainder of his Hours henceforth was to number his Daies. "
numerator .
(1797) Encycl. Brit. (ed. 3) II. 297/2 "The division is completed by a vulgar fraction, whose numerator is the remainder. "
numinous , [a.]
(1969) E. C. Whitmont Symbolic Quest vii. 126 "The energy which is withdrawn from the external world remains focussed exclusively upon the unconscious primitive image with its archaic numinosity."
numismatic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1868) Stephens Runic Mon. II. 879 "A meaning in harmony with a whole class of numismatic remains."
nunciature .
(1662) J. Bargrave Pope Alex. VII (1867) 106 "Some [churches] remaining without pastors all the time of his nuntiature. "
nuragh .
(1828) Capt. Smyth Pres. St. Sardinia 4 "The very singular remains strewed over Sardinia..called Nuraggis... They are strong buildings, in the form of a truncated cone, composed of masses of stone..arranged in layers. "
nurse , [sb. 1]
(1800) Mrs. Hervey Mourtray Fam. III. 134 "His estate of 1200l. a year went to nurse; and a small allowance from his creditors..remained for the maintenance of his family. "
(1833) Ht. Martineau Brooke Farm v. 62 "Half the larches are to remain for timber trees; the other half are nurses, and will be thinned out."
nut , [sb. 1]
(1973) J. Patrick Glasgow Gang Observed x. 88 "Asked why so few boys over twenty remained in the Fleet [gang], Tim replied: `They used tae be in it but they've screwed the nut.' "
(1972) S. Cupitt tr. Wendt's From Ape to Adam iv. 228 "He [sc. Robert Broom] found the remains of an australopithecine equipped with a particularly powerful jaw and truly nutcracker-like teeth... These `Nutcracker men' even had a small sagittal crest on their skulls. "
nutrient , [a.] and [sb.]
(1844) Proc. Berw. Nat. Club II. No. 12. 108 "The old tree [is] thus bereft of its few remaining drops of nutrient aliment. "
nyctalops .
(1828-32) Webster, "Nyctalops, one who loses his sight as night comes on, and remains blind until morning."
O ,
(1969) J. H. Green Basic Clin. Physiol. vi. 34/2 "The remainder of the population (46 per cent.) have neither A nor B on their red cells, and they are said to be Group O."
O , [int.] ( [sb. 1] , [v.] )
(1859) Sala Gas-light &. D. xvi. 177 "The shows at Saville House remained alive O!"
obambulate , [v.]
(1614-15) Boys Wks. (1622) 597 "Soules departed..doe not obambulate and wander vp and downe, but remaine in places of happinesse or vnhappinesse. "
obedient , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1948) F. Perry Herbaceous Border v. 103 "P[hysostegia] virginiana, sometimes known as the Obedient Plant because the individual sage-like blossoms on the flower spikes may be moved from side to side and remain as placed. "
object , [sb.]
(1826) in Hone Every-day Bk. II. 620 "That their apprentices..were..rendered objects for the remainder of their lives. "
obligation .
(1896) A. J. Hipkins Pianoforte 44 "Setting the military bands aside as forming a province ruled by its own law, the French pitch yet remains as appertaining to preference and not obligation."
obliged , [ppl. a.]
(1853) Tennyson in Mem. J. Nichol (1896) 121 "Renewing my thanks to all,-I remain, my dear Sir, yours obligedly, A. Tennyson."
(1648) Ld. Fairfax, etc. Remonstr. 34 "These Declarations..will remaine..perpetuall witnesses against the validity there-of, or any obligingnesse to them. "
oblique , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1875) Ouseley Harmony i. 11 "Oblique motion is when one part remains without moving while another ascends or descends."
obscurity .
(1873) Hamerton Intell. Life x. iii. (1875) 349 "The greater number have to remain in positions of obscurity."
observational [a.]
(1930) A. S. Eddington Rotation of Galaxy 13 "The effect on the apparent angular motion..remains always on the verge of what is detectable observationally. "
obsidional , [a.]
(1826) Scott Jrnl. 3 Apr., "My dear Chief, whom I love very much, though a little obsidional or so, remains till three. "
obsolete , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1598) Barckley Felic. Man (1631) 635 "A faithfull friend is hard to be found; the bare name onely remaineth; the thing is obsolet and growne out of use. "
obstruent , [a.] and [sb.]
(1963) Ervin &. Miller in J. A. Fishman Readings Sociol. of Lang. (1968) 71 "Vowel distinctions are learned first. The order of acquisition for the remaining features is: (a) vowels vs. consonants; (b) sonorants vs. articulated obstruants [etc.]. "
(1857) Mayne Expos. Lex., "Obstupescentia, old term for..that state when the patient remains still, with open eyes, as if astonished, and neither moves or speaks: obstupescence. "
obversion .
(1896) J. Welton Man. Logic (ed. 2) I. iii. iii. 251 "Obversion is a change in the quality of a predication made of any given subject, whilst the import of the judgment remains unchanged. The original proposition is called the Obvertend, and that which is inferred from it is termed the Obverse."
occlude , [v.]
(1922) Bjerknes &. Solberg in Geofysiske Publikationer III. i. 4 "The remaining part of the warm sector near the centre also disappears fairly soon, so that the cyclone on the ground only consists of cold air... For this type we have chosen the name `occluded cyclones'. "
occlusion .
(1962) Blake &. Trott Periodontology xv. 156 "In the European it is usual to find that during lateral movements to either side molar and pre-molar teeth of one side remain in occlusion, while contact is completely lost on the other side. "
occult , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1841) D'Israeli Amen. Lit. (1867) 203 "Printing remained..a secret and occult art. "
occupation .
(1918) E. S. Farrow Dict. Mil. Terms 414 "Occupation Army, an army that remains in possession of a newly conquered country, retaining it as a kind of hostage, until peace is signed and the war indemnity paid. "
ocean , [sb.] ( [a.] )
(1967) Economist 23 Sept. 1109/1 "Ironically, the airlines which once had only speed to offer against the one-time ocean greyhounds, can now anticipate the lounges, cinemas, etc., which until the jumbo jets get going remain one of the few prerogatives of the ocean liners. "
oceanic , [a.]
(1974) Lucas &. Critch Life in Oceans i. 24 "The pelagic division is divided into the region inshore of the continental edge, known as the `neritic province', and the remainder, called the `oceanic province'. In the oceanic province some aspects of the environment may change with level."
(1802) Playfair Illustr. Hutton. Th. 459 "These remains are found in..what the Abb&eacu. Fortis calls an ocreo-stalactitical earth. "
octet octette .
(1965) D. Abbott Inorg. Chem. ii. 70 "Some atoms can remain stable when surrounded by more than an octet of electrons (they expand their octets)."
ocular , [a.] and [sb.]
(1615) Chapman Odyss. xxiii. 349 "The scar That still remaines a marke too ocular To leaue your heart yet blinded. "
odd , [a.] ( [sb.] ) and [adv.]
(1742) Richardson Pamela III. 93 "Pay the Thirty-five Pounds odd Money..; and the remaining Four Pounds odd will be a little Fund..towards the Childrens Schooling."
odoriferous , [a.]
(1749) Lavington Enthus. Meth. &. Papists 11 (1754) 67 "Her dead Body was surprizingly beautiful and odoriferous..and it remains odorous and uncorrupt to this Day. "
odorous , [a.]
(1749) Lavington Enthus. Meth. &. Papists ii. (1754) 8 "Most of the Popish Saints dead bodies always remain odorous and uncorrupted. "
oesophago- ,
(1884) Mackenzie Dis. Throat &. Nose II. 135 "The remaining operations, internal oesophagotomy, *oesophagostomy, and gastrostomy. "
oestrogen .
(1974) Nature 12 Apr. 616/2 "The role of oestrogens in male reproduction remains an enigma."
offerer .
(1972) Mod. Law Rev. XXXV. 74 "The offer was to remain open until May 14, 1970, with the usual right being reserved to the offeror to extend the time during which the offeree shareholders could tender their acceptances."
office , [sb.]
(1957) V. W. Turner Schism &. Continuity in Afr. Society iv. 93 "Social Drama I illustrates the conflict that may arise..when only a few men remain in the senior, office holding generation in a village. "
official , [a.]
(1607) Shaks. Cor. ii. iii. 148 "The Tribunes endue you with the Peoples Voyce, Remaines, that in th'Officiall Markes inuested, You anon doe meet the Senate. "
(1898) T. Mackay State &. Charity vi. 92 "The above cited preamble..still remains the official definition of a charity."
off shore off-shore [adv.] [phr.] ( [adj.] )
(1921) Daily Colonist (Victoria, B.C.) 5 Apr. 7/2 "The seas were breaking so high over the bar here yesterday and today that some off-shore shipping was compelled to remain outside. "
offtake .
(1960) Farmer &. Stockbreeder 19 Jan. 5/1 "Only a moderate offtake is reported for English barley but offers remain generally small. "
oficina .
(1897) Westm. Gaz. 4 Nov. 8/1 "The directors had the oficina closed down entirely..and the works will remain closed until there is a reasonable advance in the price of nitrate."
often , [adv.] and [a.]
(1807-26) S. Cooper First Lines Surg. xv. (ed. 5) 354 "The disease will often remain stationary during life. "
oil , [sb. 1]
(1641) French Distill. iii. (1651) 73 "There will remain..the true Oil or Essence of Antimony. "
(1945) Archit. Rev. XCVII. 42 "Apart from the roof the remainder of the external steel finish is *oil-bound paint. "
(1877) J. A. B. Horton in Moloney Forestry W. Afr. (1887) 40 "The longer the oil-nuts remain underground the thicker the oil will be when made. "
Oireachtas .
(1922) Daily Mail 4 Dec. 9 "The Provisional Government will be out of office by Wednesday, and the Oireachtas, as the Free State Parliament will be known, will come into being, consisting of Seanad Eireann (Upper House), comprised of 60 senators, 30 of whom will be nominated by the Government, and the remainder by the elected deputies of the people, who will sit as a Lower House, under the name of Dail Eireann. "
old , [a.] ( [adv.] , [sb. 1] )
(1965) New Society 26 Aug. 18/1 "The `old' Commonwealth consists of Canada, Australia and New Zealand; the `new' Commonwealth includes all remaining Commonwealth countries. "
(1894) Westm. Gaz. 19 Apr. 6/2 "One of the few remaining *old-service gaolers. "
(1972) P. Dennison in N. Tiptaft Religion in Birmingham 140 "Wherever a local squire remained Catholic there was a good chance for the survival of a small pocket of the old religion in his territory. "
olde , [a.]
(1927) C. Connolly Let. 7 Mar. in Romantic Friendship (1975) 281 "There remain consolations, such as finding places that aren't spoilt and not being surprised by their destruction into the..oldie worldie type. "
oleo , [sb. 1] and [a.]
(1893) Thorpe Dict. Appl. Chem. III. 59 "Pressure is gradually applied, and the expressed oil constitutes the `oleo oil',..a soft, granular, tasteless, and nearly colourless fat. The hard fat remaining in the filter bags forms the `beef' or oleo-stearin..sold to the soap and candle makers. "
olfactometer .
(1889) H. Zwaardemaker in Lancet 29 June 1301/1, "I have lately constructed a small instrument which, I think, deserves the name of `olfactometer'. Its component parts consist of two tubes fitting into each other. The outer one is lined with scented material, and made to glide up and down over the inner one, of which one end remains free and is bent to fit the nostril. "
oligarchize , [v.]
(1850) Grote Greece ii. lxii. VIII. 36 "The remaining five to oligarchise the dependent allies. "
oligo- ,
(1876) tr. Wagner's Gen. Pathol. (ed. 6) 524 "*Oligocyth&ae.mia, diminished amount of red corpuscles, is the last to remain. "
oligotrophic , [a.]
(1943) G. K. Fraser Peat Deposits of Scotland I. 3 "The remains of plants nourished on rich soils (technically termed eutrophic soils)..will be able to support a greater bacterial population than those of plants grown on poor or impoverished soils (oligotrophic soils). "
olivil .
(1810-26) Henry Elem. Chem. II. 332 "Olivile is a name given by M. Pelletier to the substance which remains after gently evaporating the alcoholic solution of the gum which exudes from the olive tree. "
ominous , [a.]
(1871) L. Stephen Playgr. Eur. (1894) iv. 100 "An ominous shake of the head supplied the remainder of the sentence."
omission .
(1841) Miss Mitford in L'Estrange Life (1870) III. viii. 121 "If..he be sent to jail for my omissions, I should certainly not long remain to grieve over my sin, for such it is."
omniscient , [a.]
(1932) R. A. Knox Broadcast Minds ii. 20 (heading 21 )"We are all omniscientists now, at least in ambition... It only remains that we should pride ourselves on knowing something about everything. "
omphalo- ,
(1897) Trans. Amer. Pediatric Soc. IX. 208 "Of the remaining cases..one..was due to py&ae.mia following omphalitis in the newly-born. "
on , [prep.]
(1934) Down Beat Aug. 4/2 "Oscar Eiler remains on cello... Hunter Kahler replaced George Frewit on piano... Milt. Chalifoux is still on drums, as is Ralph Mazza on guitar and violin. "
(1977) Irish Press 29 Sept. 2/1 (Advt.), "Removal of remains to St. Bridget's Church, Kilcurry on today (Thursday) at 6.30 o'clock."
once , [adv.] ( [conj.] , [a.] , [sb.] )
(1880) Miss Broughton Sec. Th. ii. x. (1885) 237 "Nothing remains but for the once enemies to say farewell."
oncosphere .
(1973) T. C. Cheng Gen. Parasitol. xiv. 485 "The oncosphere..remains passive in the eggshell..until the embryo is ingested by a vertebrate or invertebrate intermediate host."
one , [numeral a.] , [pron.] , etc.
(1972) J. Blackburn For Fear of Little Men xi. 119 "`What about giving me one for the road, my dear.' He gulped down the remains of the sherry. "
(1744) Berkeley Siris §.344 "God remains for ever one and the same. "
oner , [sb.]
(1969) I. &. P. Opie Children's Games vii. 229 "When one conker breaks another into pieces so that nothing remains on the string, the winning conker becomes a `one-er'. "
onlay , [sb.]
(1973) L. Baum Advanced Restorative Dentistry xi. 169 "Onlays are generally more acceptable than inlays in middle-aged and older patients because the design of onlay preparations provides for a casting which will bond together the remaining tooth structure."
oocyte .
(1968) Passmore &. Robson Compan. Med. Stud. I. xxxvii. 10/2 "All the primary oocytes so formed begin their first meiotic division before birth, but the completion of prophase is arrested until after puberty... Meiosis restarts in individual oocytes when their follicles undergo maturation in subsequent ovarian cycles... The remainder of the first meiotic division is completed by the time of ovulation, at which time a secondary oocyte is released into the tube. The second meiotic division follows immediately and..is not normally completed until the oocyte is penetrated by a spermatozoon. "
oom .
(1974) State (Columbia, S. Carolina) 28 Mar. 15-B/5 "Why is it that man has to remain constantly at war with himself, oom Paul?"
ooplasm .
(1939) P. Weiss Princ. Devel. i. 78 "Only that part of the egg which consists of true oö.plasm is broken up into cells, while those portions which consist mainly of yolk remain either unsegmented or cleave with considerable delay. "
Oort .
(1976) Nature 29 Jan. 290/1 "Some theories go even further and predict that, in addition to these comets in the Oort cloud, the remains of a primaeval comet belt may still exist at a distance of &217.50 AU. "
ooze , [v. 2]
(1729) Savage Wanderer iv. 137 "The trout, that deep, in winter, ooz'd remains, Up-springs."
opaque , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1937) I. C. C. Tchaperoff Man. Radiol. Diagnosis iv. 167 "The emphysematous area remains transparent in the radiograph of full expiration, whereas the normal areas become more opaque on expiration. "
open , [sb.]
(1898) Daily News 9 May 2/3 "In the open, bar gold remained in strong demand for America at about 77s. 934d. per ounce."
open , [a.] ( [adv.] )
(1681) Lond. Gaz. No. 1587/2 "The Empress and her Court will remain till the River be open, so that she may go by Water. "
(1927) Melody Maker June 609/3 "The cymbal must be `open' when it is struck and must remain `open' for practically the full length of the beat being played, only being choked out just before the next beat. "
(1904) Electrician 13 May 139/2 "If the field winding on one of the limbs of a Manchester-type dynamo is open-circuited, this limb will magnetically short-circuit the remaining limb. "
(1957) Practical Wireless XXXIII. 539/1 "The input resistance with open-circuited output, and output resistance with short-circuited input, remain the same. "
(1922) Beaver Jan. 33/1 "We remained at Mountain House until *open water in the spring. "
open-mouthed , [a.]
(1786) tr. Beckford's Vathek (1883) 118 "The poor peasants..remained open-mouthed with surprise. "
operationalize , [v.]
(1954) Jrnl. Abnormal Psychol. XLIX. 460 "Once the codability variable..had been operationalized, it remained to relate this variable to some nonlinguistic behavior. "
operationally , [adv.]
(1948) Jrnl. Abnormal Psychol. XLIII. 143/1 "There remains the evanescent residual category of `personality', at once too broad to be operationally useful..and too ubiquitous to be neglected. "
operative , [a.] and [sb.]
(1809-10) Coleridge Friend (1863) II. 130 "The remaining mass of useful labourers and operatives in science, literature, and the learned professions. "
ophelimity .
(1935) Bongiorno &. Livingston tr. Pareto's Mind &. Society I. i. 29 "In pure economics my hypothesis of `ophelimity'..remains experimental so long as inferences from it are held subject to verification on the facts. "
Ophidia , [sb. pl.]
(1892) Chambers's Encycl. IX. 531 "The fossil remains of Ophidia are scarce."
ophiolater .
(1862) St. James's Mag. Oct. 279 "On the plains of Wiltshire still remain the traces of ophiolatry. "
opiate , [v.]
(1800) Southey in C. Southey Life II. 72 "One who can let his feelings remain awake, and opiate his reason."
opinion , [sb.]
(1976) Times 27 Feb. 14/4 "It is clear from opinion polls that the very large majority of people in Scotland wish to remain part of Britain. "
opisthion .
(1933) Jrnl. R. Anthrop. Inst. LXIII. 403 "The remainder, which includes the opisthion, is missing. "
oppilate , [v.]
(1577) Frampton Joyful Newes ii. 50 "They did remaine opilated, and with euill colour of the face. "
opt , [v.]
(1968) Listener 20 June 790/3 "But the problem is compounded if one section of the affluent majority now decides to avert its eyes from the whole sordid business of material betterment. The opters-out may not realise it, but they will make it harder to remove the remaining pockets of real poverty. "
optimum , [sb.] ( [a.] )
(1950) G. B. Shaw Farfetched Fables Pref. 98 "While the time lag lasts the future remains threatening. The problem of optimum wealth distribution..will not yield to the well-intentioned Utopian amateurs. "
option , [sb.]
(1881) Spectator No. 2761. 695 "Millions a year are lost on the Stock Exchange in buying and selling Options alone, just because the keenest of mankind think everything will remain as it was for one more fortnight. "
(1975) Amer. Speech 1973 XLVIII. 39 "Even so, the number of implicational relationships remains huge, suggesting..that at least some optionalities are `not learned by the child, but [are] predictable from exactly the kinds of substantive constraints..[and] general functional considerations..as those discussed' in Kiparsky's article and suggested to him on quite independent grounds. "
Orange , [sb. 2]
(1975) Irish Times 10 May 9/3 "Mr. Thomas Passmore, grand master of the Orange Order in Belfast, said yesterday that while Britain would be simply a small member in an exclusive club if she remained in Europe, outside it she could once again earn the title of Great Britain. "
oratory , [sb. 1]
(1885) Catholic Dict., (ed. 3) s.v., "The Oratory at Birmingham has remained under the direction..of its illustrious founder."
orb , [v.]
(1847) Tennyson Princess vi. 153 "Remain Orb'd in your isolation."
order , [v.]
(1842) Tennyson Day-Dream 74 "Here all things in their place remain, As all were order'd, ages since. "
(1971) Daily Tel. 4 Aug. 13/3 "Much of the industry remains pessimistic, with many companies still facing stagnant or declining order books. "
ordinary , [a.] ( [adv.] )
(1974) Terminol. Managem. &. Financial Accountancy (Inst. Cost &. Managem. Accountants) 60 "Ordinary shares, shares which entitle the holders to the remaining divisible profits (and, in a liquidation, the assets) remaining after prior interests (e.g. preference shareholders) have been satisfied. "
Ordovician , [a.]
(1967) D. H. Rayner Stratigr. Brit. Isles iv. 80 "In the British Isles the first fragmental remains of vertebrates are known from the Silurian beds, although bony plates have been found in the Ordovician of the United States."
ore (2) .
(1877) Raymond Statist. Mines &. Mining 177 "Within a foot of the surface, and covered only by the remains of the disintegrated *ore-shoot. "
organelle .
(1975) Nature 13 Mar. 160/2 "If this were the case in my wild carrot protoplasts, about 20% (the approximate proportion of organellar DNA in these cells) of the dimers would have remained after maximum excision."
organic , [a.] and [sb.]
(A. 1711) Ken Hymnotheo Poet. Wks. 1721 III. 212 "Hymnotheo's Soul, which while he slept remain'd From its Organick Drudgery unchain'd. "
(1813) Bakewell Introd. Geol. Pref. (1815) 5 "These rocks contain no organic remains. "
Emerson Yng. Amer. ibid. II. 306 "There still remains an organic simplicity and liberty, which..redresses itself. "
orientation .
(1953) H. Haber Man in Space 155 "If all three components of the orientation triad are intact, the human body is fully equipped to reckon with the force of gravity, to keep its balance and to remain properly aligned relative to the vertical. "
ornithopod , [a.] and [sb.]
(1975) Nature 23 Oct. 668/1 "We describe here ornithopod dinosaur remains from the Lower Cretaceous of western North America. "
orogen .
(1923) Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer. XXXIV. 167 "Geanticlines and orogens may remain as dry lands or may sink into the depths of the oceans. "
orphan , [sb.] and [a.]
(1954) J. L. Melnick in Amer. Jrnl. Publ. Health XLIV. 572/1 "The remainder of this report is concerned with...3. The detection of new viruses, provisionally called `orphan viruses' (as we know so little to what diseases they belong) from patients suspected of having nonparalytic poliomyelitis. "
ort .
(1607) Shaks. Timon iv. iii. 400 "It is some poore Fragment, some slender Ort of his remainder. "
orthochromatic , [a.]
(1889) Anthony's Photogr. Bull. II. 315 "In order to obtain true orthochromatism it is always necessary..to interpose a transparent yellow screen somewhere between the object and the plate in order to cut off a certain proportion of the blue and violet rays, to which the plates still remain relatively too sensitive. "
orthodontic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1940) M. G. Swenson Complete Dentures xxvi. 436 "Orthodontically any movement of a tooth or teeth..will cause a change in the relationship of the inclines of the moved teeth to the remainder of the teeth. "
orthodox , [a.] and [sb.]
(1904) Jewish Encycl. VII. 368/1 "The stability and the immutability of the Law remained from the Orthodox standpoint one of the cardinal principles of Judaism. "
orthogonal , [a.]
(1859) G. Salmon Lessons Introd. Mod. Higher Algebra xv. 125 "What we may call the orthogonal transformation is to transform simultaneously a given quadratic function, and x2 + y2 + z2 + w2 + &.., so that the latter remaining of the same form, the former may become Ax2 + By2 + Cz2 + Dw2 + &.. "
(1939) C. H. Goulden Methods Statistical Analysis xii. 192 "If the number of varieties is 21, the numbers would be written out as below..and we would have to use a completely orthogonalized 4 ×. 4 square..to which the remaining numbers would be added as described above. "
orthopantomography .
(1967) L. M. Ennis et al. Dental Roentgenol. (ed. 6) x. 283 "In operation of the Orthopantomograph, the patient remains stationary while the x-ray tubehead circulates from his right side around behind his neck to the left side, while the film rotates about an axis and at the same time, revolves from the left side of the patient's face, around the front and to the right side of the face. "
orthostat .
(1950) H. L. Lorimer Homer &. Monuments 419 "The actual remains of Geometric temples would lead us to expect a few courses of undressed stones (possibly with an outer facing of orthostats) supporting a wall of crude brick. "
(1799) De Serra in Phil. Trans. LXXXIX. 151 "Impressions or remains of plants..by more ancient and less enlightened oryctologists, supposed to belong to plants actually growing in temperate and cold climates. "
os (2) .
(1754-64) Smellie Midwif. I. 193 "If the os uteri remains close shut. "
Osmanli , [a.] and [sb.]
(1874) Anderson Missions Amer. Bd. IV. xxxi. 174 "Less firmly wedded to the Moslem faith than the remaining million of Osmanly Turks. "
(1880) Libr. Univ. Knowl. (U.S.) XII. 845 "A native alloy of iridium, osmium, and ruthenium. This is called scaly osmiridium [`a gray, scaly, metallic substance', remaining `when crude platinum is dissolved in nitro-muriatic acid']."
ostatki ,
(1913) V. B. Lewes Oil Fuel 71 "The oil remaining in the retort, called `Ostatki' in the Russian distilleries and `Residuum' in America, is used for fuel."
osteology .
(1833) Lyell Princ. Geol. III. 4 "By a comparison of the osteology of the existing vertebrated animals with the remains found entombed in ancient strata. "
ostracod , [a.] and [sb.]
(1974) Smithsonian Contrib. Earth Sci. No. 13. 22/1 "Constituents were counted and grouped in the following classes: terrigenous (mica and other, including quartz), bioclastic remains (pelagic forams, benthonic forams, pteropods, and other), plant fragments, and other (including ostracode valves, sponge spicules, unidentifiable fragments, etc.)."
Otaheitean , [a.] and [sb.]
(1773) W. Wales Jrnl. 31 Aug. in Cook Jrnls. (1961) II. 796 "With regard to the Personal Beauties of the Otahitean Ladies, I believe it would be most prudent to remain entirely silent. "
Ottoman , [a.] and [sb. 1]
(1585) T. Washington tr. Nicholay's Voy. ii. xiii. 49 b, "The title of great..to this day remaineth vnto the house of the Othomannes. "
ould ,
(C. 1874) D. Boucicault in M. R. Booth Eng. Plays of 19th Cent. (1969) II. 174 "This cabin where the remains of the `ould family', two lonely girls, live. "
our , [pron.]
(1780) Beckford Biog. Mem. 148 "Here our artist remained six weeks. "
out , [adv.]
(1679) Hist. Jetzer 12 "Putting out a Candle which remain'd..lighted. "
outflourish [v.]
(1872) Howells Wedd. Journ. (1892) 172 "The wrecks of slavery..may yet out&dubh.flourish the remains of the feudal system in the kind of poetry they produce."
(1881) G. Allen Vignettes fr. Natures, Fall of the Year, "Australia remains an isolated outlier of Asia to the present day."
(1973) Computers &. Humanities VII. 136 "What..differentiates `La Comtesse d'Escarbagnas', at the top of the diagram, from the remaining plays? What is special about an outlier such as `Dom Garcie'? "
outline , [v.]
(1896) Daily News 23 Oct. 2/2 "Only fragmentary pillars and remnants of outlining walls..remain."
out of , [prep.] [phr.]
(1594) Blundevil Exerc. i. iii. (1636) 7 "Take 7 out of 14 and there remaineth 7. "
(1766) Goldsm. Vic. W. iii, "Out of fourteen thousand pounds we had but four hundred remaining. "
outpost , [sb.]
(1776) Battle of Brooklyn ii. i. 19 "We are the remains of the out post guard. "
output , [sb.]
(1877) Raymond Statist. Mines &. Mining 285 "The copper out-put remains substantially as it was last year. "
outrider .
(1961) Atkinson &. Freeman All the Way!, iv. 50 "One outrider stands just to the outside in front of the gate, one takes a position outside the gap, three-sixteenths down the track, and the third remains behind the gate. "
(1955) W. G. Hardy Alberta Golden Jubilee Anthol. 169 "There are four outriders to each of the four outfits in every heat. When the starting-horn blows, one outrider holds back the team of horses fighting to be on its way. Another throws the stove in the rear of the chuckwagon. The remaining two pitch the flies and poles into the covered wagon. "
out-shining [vbl. sb. 2]
(1863) J. G. Murphy Comm. Gen. i. 14-19 "Whatever remained of hinderance to the outshining of the sun, moon, and stars on the land. "
outside , [sb.] , [adv.] , and [prep.]
(1789) J. Woodforde Diary 13 June (1927) III. 114 "For the remaining part of our fare paid..for 1 outside 12/0. "
(1882) De Windt Equator 34 "The remainder are quartered at the various forts or out-stations along the coast, and in the interior of the country."
(1932) Times 29 Sept. 15/3 "The Budget had been balanced on paper, but it remained to be seen what the actual result would be at the end of the financial year. The outturn proved the soundness of the balancing. "
(1883) Stevenson Black Arrow (1888) 52 "The two lads..hurried through the remainder of the outwood."
over , [adv.]
(1940) Gun Buster Return via Dunkirk ii. iv. 117 "X calling Robert Eddy... I can hear you...remain on receive...over to you over. "
(1848) Craig, "To lie over, to remain unpaid, after the time when payment is due. "
over , [prep.]
Mod. "I remained the whole day over near the spot. Some persons bathe in the Serpentine daily all the year over."
(1972) Korea Times 17 Nov. 2/3, "I am no longer willing to remain patient with the parade of overranked non-entities whose actions reflect their own ignorance. "
(1971) New Scientist 25 Feb. 407/1 "Enormous problems of malnutrition and overnutrition remain unsolved and untackled. "
over-allwhere [adv.]
(1570) St. Andrews Kirk-Sess. Reg. (1889) 345 "Content to remain wytht hym oure-alquhair."
overcut [sb.]
(1940) Trans. Inst. Mining Engin. XCIX. 55 "When the undercut is in coal, the importance of effective shovelling may be less, but it must always remain to give freedom of working to the machine, and it is only when an intermediate or overcut is taken that it is unnecessary. "
overdeepen [v.]
(1968) R. W. Fairbridge Encycl. Geomorphol. 743/2 "The rock floors of overdeepened troughs remain bare in parts. "
over-egg [v.]
(1976) Times 2 Nov. 4/5 "Mr Page, though remaining confident, wonders whether some of the recent [election] forecasts may have over-egged his pudding."
overfit , [a.]
(1954) W. D. Thornbury Princ. Geomorphol. vi. 156 "It is difficult to cite examples of overfit rivers, or streams with floodplains too small for the size of the stream. Hence there may well be a question whether overfit streams exist. The reason..may be that a stream cannot long remain overfit, for an increase in volume will be accompanied by increased erosive power and rapid adjustment of valley size. "
overlay , [v.]
(1769) Ann. Reg. 21 "The shattered remains of Prosorowski's army..were continually overlaid and oppressed by the Turkish cavalry."
overpainting [vbl. sb.]
(1958) tr. K. Herberts's Artists' Techniques 140 "Overpainting must be done with great care, since the lower layers of paint remain effaceable. "
over-react , [v.]
(1974) M. C. Gerald Pharmacol. i. 12 "Whether this was an over-reaction to questionable laboratory results or a sound scientific decision destined to rescue mankind remains to be seen at a future, less emotionally charged time. "
overrooted [ppl. a.]
(1855) Browning Love among Ruins iv, "The single little turret that remains On the plains, By the caper overrooted, by the gourd Overscored."
overrun , [sb.]
(1978) Daily Tel. 13 Apr. 21 "This sum..is just under half what remains in the contingency reserve for overruns on public expenditure."
overstock , [sb.]
(1976) Author Summer 51 "The remainder merchants, who prefer to be called overstock dealers. "
(1976) Author, Summer 51 "A firm called B.S.C. Remainders-founded 12 years ago as an overstock wholesaler. "
overview [v.]
(1632) Sir S. D'Ewes Autobiog. (1845) II. 71, "I spent the remainder of this month in overviewing and sorting them [coins]. "
(1900) W. T. Brannt India Rubber, Gutta-Percha &. Balata iii. 111 "If the articles are allowed to remain too long in the solution, over-vulcanization may take place, that is, the surface of the article becomes hard and brittle. "
(1877) Huxley Anat. Inv. Anim. viii. 496 "The duct of the ovo&dubh.testis may remain single to its termination. "
owing , [ppl. a.]
(1815) Scott Guy M. xl, "Owing to these circumstances, Brown remained several days in Allonby without any answers whatever. "
owl , [sb.]
(1951) Colyer &. Hammond Flies Brit. Isles 84 "The *Owl Midges or Hairy Moth-flies are easily recognisable; they may often be seen on windows, where they either run actively with a curious, jerky gait or remain perfectly still. "
(1843) Carlyle Past &. Pr. ii. xvii, "Lawyers too were poets, were heroes..Their Owlisms, Vulturisms..will disappear by and by, their Heroisms only remaining."
Oxbridge .
(1958) New Statesman 30 Aug. 244/1 "Whatever its merits or demerits, Oxbridge remains first choice for a majority of university applicants. "
oxy- ,
(1886) Lendenfeld (as above) 562 "*Oxydiact. Four rays rudimentary, only two rays lying in one straight line remain. "
(1966) A. B. Cameron in P. Hepple Petroleum Supply &. Demand 38 "The use of *oxyhelium equipment now enables them [sc. divers] to remain as deep as 525 ft for periods up to 30 minutes. "
oxygen .
(1942) Electronic Engin. XIV. 724 "The ratio of their output currents will remain constant for any given degree of oxygen saturation. "
oyster , [sb.]
(1839) Thackeray Major Gahagan ii, "The oyster remained with the British Government."
(1805) Naval Chron. XV. 35, "I remained in an oyster state, between asleep and awake. "
(1833) Lyell Princ. Geol. III. 354 "The strata of sand which immediately repose on the oyster-bed are quite destitute of organic remains. "
(1976) Time 27 Dec. 14/1 "Although badly battered from its losing role in the Lebanese civil war, the P.L.O. remains an important force. "
(1944) A. Jacob Traveller's War 200 "The remains of the P.R. unit set off down the desert road. "
pacifism .
(1957) A. J. P. Taylor Trouble Makers ii. 51 "Even Bright, who was sometimes nearer to pacifism, did not plead `that this country should remain without adequate and scientific means of defence'. "
pacing , [vbl. sb.]
(1895) G. L. Hillier Cycling (ed. 5) 342 "Appended are the Rules for `Herne Hill Pacing', which, if strictly enforced, insure fair pacing all round... No pacer is to remain on the path, unless actually pacing. "
pack , [sb. 1]
(1923) A. W. Ward in Jrnl. Amer. Dental Assoc. X. 478/2 "In order to avoid infection, pain, sensitiveness of the roots..I have devised a quick setting pack. This pack is mixed like cement and flowed between the teeth and all over the exposed surface. The tissues regenerate under the pack, which is allowed to remain four to six days after the operation. "
pack , [v. 1]
(1940) R. Maingot Abdominal Operations I. i. ii. 46 "The little sinus that remains may be lightly curetted out and packed with gauze which has been soaked in..penicillin. "
pad , [sb. 2]
(1851) Mayhew Lond. Labour III. 24 "Beggars..who `stand pad with a fakement' [remain stationary, holding a written placard]."
pad , [sb. 3]
(1964) G. L. Cohen What's Wrong with Hospitals? vii. 147 "The side-rooms are in fact `pads' remaining from the pre-tranquillizer regime. "
paddle , [sb. 1]
(1938) M. K. Rawlings Yearling xx. 261 "The remaining bears were scrambling across the swamp like paddle boats, churning the water behind them. "
paddy , [sb. 1]
(1818) Jas. Mill Brit. India II. v. v. 490 "His only remaining resource was in the paddy in the fields. "
paedomorphism .
(1891) Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 208 "Dr. Harrison Allen spoke of the disposition occasionally exhibited in adult mammals, for the proportions of different parts of the body to remain as they were in the immature individuals... Dr. Allen proposed for this peculiarity the term pedomorphism. "
pair , [sb. 1]
(1974) Country Life 7 Mar. 491/1 "In few mammals is the pair bond so strong;..a [beaver] couple may remain paired for up to 18 years. "
palace [sb. 3]
(1883) W. Blake in Walsh Irish Fisheries 27 (Fish. Exhib. Publ.), "Even now in certain parts of the county of Cork there were remains of what were called fish palaces, where the Dutch used to cure the fish. "
Palaeo-Indian [sb.] and [a.]
(1940) F. H. H. Roberts in Smithsonian Misc. Coll. C. 51 (heading 77 )"The morphological significance of the skeletons is considered..in conjunction with the other human remains attributed to the Paleo&dubh.Indian inhabitants. "
(1959) J. J. Honigmann World of Man xliii. 791 "In Union County, New Mexico, a site containing remains of 32 bison, 19 projectile points, and other artifacts indicates a mass kill by Paleoindians. "
palaeontography .
(1847) Pal&ae.ontographical Society, Laws, 1. "That the Society formed be called the Pal&ae.ontographical Society, and that it shall have for its objects the illustration and description of British fossil organic remains. "
palaeontology .
(1838) Lyell Elem. Geol. ii. xiii. 281 note, "Pal&ae.ontology is the science which treats of fossil remains, both animal and vegetable. "
(1893) R. W. Shufeldt in Pop. Sci. Monthly XLII. 679 "Pal&ae.opathology..is a term here proposed under which may be described all diseased or pathological conditions found fossilized in the remains of extinct or fossil animals. "
(1967) Amer. Jrnl. Roentgenology XCIX. 712 "The Mochica-Chin&uacu. civilizations developed in the coastal deserts of northern Per&uacu. and the dry desiccating sands of these areas have preserved large quantities of their skeletal remains in a remarkably good state for paleopathologic study. "
palatalize , [v.]
(1943) E. A. Nida Handbk. Descriptive Linguistics ii. v. 83 "This may be the result of an original e which did palatalize but later this e changed to a and the palatalization remained. "
palatine , [a. 1] and [sb. 1]
(1827) Hallam Const. Hist. (1876) I. i. 7 "In a few counties there still remained a palatine jurisdiction, exclusive of the king's courts. "
paling , [vbl. sb. 1]
(1812) J. Smyth Pract. of Customs (1821) 282 "A paling Board is the outside or sappy part of a tree, sawed off from the four sides, in order to make the remaining part square. "
pall , [v. 1]
(1625) Massinger New Way i. i, "The remainder of a single can Left by a drunken porter, all night pall'd too. "
palladium (1) .
(1769) Blackstone Comm. IV. xxvii. 343 "The liberties of England cannot but subsist, so long as this palladium [trial by jury] remains sacred and inviolate. "
palliatory , [a.]
(1665) M. Needham Med. Medicin&ae. 401 "There remains no more room for the like palliatory proceeding. "
pallium .
(1934) L. B. Arey Developmental Anat. (ed. 3) xv. 414 "The telencephalon consists of three regional parts. One is the corpus striatum... The second division is the rhinencephalon, or archipallium, while the remainder of the hemisphere makes up the neopallium. The last two portions comprise all of the externally visible hemispheres, and together may be called the pallium. "
palm , [sb. 2]
(1769-76) Falconer Dict. Mar., "Palm, paumet,..is formed of a piece of leather or canvas, on the middle of which is fixed a round plate of iron, of an inch in diameter, whose surface is pierced with a number of small holes, to catch the head of the sail-needle. The leather is formed so as to encircle the hand, and button on the back thereof, while the iron remains in the palm. "
palus (2) .
(1872) Nicholson Pal&ae.ont. 92 "The chief remaining structures..are what are called `pali', `dissepiments', and `tabul&ae.'. "
pan , [v. 3]
(1956) Railway Mag. Nov. 779/1 "Taking up a stance broadside to his target, he `panned' his camera-that is, swung the camera round with the train-so that the engine remained in the same portion of the viewfinder throughout. "
(1960) N. Kneale Quatermass &. Pit i. 11 "The camera pans, to take in all that remains of a little working-class street. "
pancake [v.]
(1977) S. Wales Echo 18 Jan. 1/4 "Police reported 21 confirmed deaths but said it was likely 60 to 70 more bodies remained in a pancaked carriage crushed to a quarter of its bulk by a giant slab of concrete weighing hundreds of tons."
panchen .
(1978) Guardian 25 Feb. 6/8 "The Panchen Lama..remained behind in Tibet when the Dalai Lama and other religious leaders fled to India in 1959."
paneity .
(1782) Priestley Corrupt. Chr. II. vi. 42 "Innocent..acknowledged that..there did remain a certain paneity and vineity."
pan-European [a.]
(1942) L. B. Namier Conflicts 2 "The two great nations of Central Europe..burdened with Pan-European past..remained in a condition of political disunion and dynastic subdivision. "
Pangaea .
(1924) J. G. A. Skerl tr. Wegener's Orig. Continents &. Oceans xiii. 192 "Thus the Pang&ae.a of the Carboniferous era had already an anterior margin (America), which became folded (Precordilleras)..; and a posterior margin (Asia), from which littoral ranges and fragments became detached, and remained fast in the sima of the Pacific as groups of islands. "
pantaloon .
(1857) Chambers Inform. People I. 798/1 "Pantaloons, which fitted close to the leg, remained in very common use by those persons who had adopted them till about the year 1814, when the wearing of trousers, already introduced into the army, became fashionable. "
pantheon .
(1890) Whitaker's Almanack 346/2 "The French Chamber..decided to transfer the remains of Carnot, Marceau, and Baudin to the Pantheon."
pantograph , [sb.]
(1766) B. Martin Surv. by Goniometer 18 "There remains therefore only the Pantagraph to be described. "
papabile , [a.]
(1963) Times 4 June 10/1 "Cardinals Montini of Milan, Lecaro of Bologna, and Siri of Genoa remain, however, among the papabile. "
paper , [sb.]
(1670) W. Clarke Nat. Hist. Nitre 60 "The paper-Bills on the walls..remain'd like the Gold unburn'd. "
(1854) H. Miller Sch. &. Schm. iii. (1857) 50, "I remained simply a fictitious or paper cock-fighter. "
(1904) Chesterton Nap. Notting Hill iii. ii. 151 "One of those queer little shops..which must be called toy-shops only because toys..predominate; for the remainder of goods seem to consist of almost everything else in the world-tobacco, exercise-books,..halfpenny paper clips. "
(1966) Wall St. Jrnl. 1 Dec. 5/2 "World monetary reform negotiators removed some of the major stumbling blocks in their path to creating `*paper gold', although many more still remain. "
(1959) J. T. Story Mix me a Person iv. 42 "The fossilised remains of juke boxes and female frolic skeletons in *paper-nylon slips. "
papering , [vbl. sb.]
(1883) Harper's Mag. Feb. 365/1 "This room remains in its original state, with the exception of the papering."
paperless [a.]
(1986) Sci. Amer. June 31/1 "The 'paperless office' remains a scheme of the future."
papilloedema .
(1922) R. F. Moore Med. Ophthalm. i. 23 "In a few cases papill&oe. dema runs its course to complete subsidence in one eye, the other remaining normal throughout. "
papula .
(1875) B. Meadows Clin. Observ. 22 "The papul&ae. remain, a hair plainly seen in the centre of each. "
para (5) , [a.] ( [adv.] )
(1903) A. J. Walker tr. Holleman's Text-bk. Org. Chem. II. 446 "There remains no possibility, except the para-structure, for the third hydroxybenzoic acid melting at 210°.. "
para- (1) ,
(1956) L. V. De Sitter Struct. Geol. xxiv. 346 "The blocks or nuclei sometimes became partly nuclear (*para&dubh.geosynclinal) basins, and partly remained continuously above sea level. "
(1959) Jenness &. Patton Princ. Dairy Chem. x. 314 "In view of the close similarity between the casein and paracasein, it is not surprising that the mechanism of the primary action of rennin has long remained obscure. "
paracrostic .
(1842) Brande Dict. Sci. etc., "Paracrostic, a poetical composition in which the first verse contains, in order, all the letters which commence the remaining verses of the poem or division. According to Cicero (De Divinatione, ii. 54), the original Sibylline verses were paracrostics."
paradigm .
(1599) Minsheu Span. Gram. 20 "Now it remaineth to giue a Paradigma or example of euery Coniugation of their Moodes. "
(1970) Eng. Stud. LI. 18 "Although Ohmann determines objective criteria to state the similarity (and at the same time the dissimilarity), there still remains a whole paradigm of related structures out of which the author has to choose the particular alternative(s) to match the marked term with. "
parakite .
(1962) Aeroplane CII. 233/2 "Para kite.-First trials of the Lemoigne parachute kite have taken place in England... Mr. Walter Neumark remained at about 150 ft. for over 5 minutes while moored to the towing car. "
paralic , [a.]
(1914) H. Ries Econ. Geol. (ed. 4) i. 13 "A distinction is, however, sometimes made between (1) limnetic coals..; and (2) paralic coals, or those derived from plant remains which collected in marshes near the sea border. "
parallel , [a.] and [sb.]
(1978) N. &. Q. Feb. 75/2 "Mrs. Bawcutt's own admirable parallel&dubh.text edition..will doubtless remain standard."
(1674) S. Jeake Arith. (1696) 164 "If the remain be added to the Number substracted, the Total will be parallel to the Number from which Substraction is made."
parallelist .
(1946) Brit. Jrnl. Psychol. Jan. 52 "It was precisely because in the Manual Stout endeavoured to exclude philosophical discussion that his parallelistic conclusion remained, as mere parallelism must..remain, an exasperating mystery."
paramagnetic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1966) C. R. Tottle Sci. Engin. Materials vi. 134 "The group of elements iron, cobalt, nickel demonstrates this. Below a certain critical temperature these elements remain permanently magnetized after removal of the external field... Above it, the materials behave as normal paramagnetics."
parameter .
(1852) B. Price Infinites. Calc. I. xiii. 409 "If an equation to a curve be given, involving one or more constants, as well as the current coordinates, the position and dimensions of the curve will be changed by a change in the constants, and yet the class may remain the same... A constant that enters into an equation, and varies in the way above explained, is called a variable parameter. "
(1954) Computers &. Automation Dec. 18/1 "Parameter, in a subroutine, a quantity which may be given different values when the subroutine is used in different parts of one main routine, but which usually remains unchanged throughout any one such use. "
(1965) Listener 9 Dec. 943/2 "There remains the bulk of those for whom politics is a parameter of life rather like the weather. "
paramount , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1647) Digges Unlawf. Taking Arms xiv. 116 "He..made all..feudaries to him, so that he remained..Lord Paramount, or overlord in the whole Land. "
paranoid , [a.] and [sb.]
(1919) R. M. Barclay tr. Kraepelin's Dementia Praecox &. Paraphrenia 253 "Delusions and hallucinations of quite the same kind, as we see them in paranoid cases, occur also in most of the remaining forms of dementia pr&ae.cox. "
Paranthropus .
(1959) J. D. Clark Prehist. S. Afr. iii. 62 "Now, however, anatomists are agreed that only one generic form is represented in the Man-ape remains but that two specific forms exist-Australopithecus and a later, more specialized form, Paranthropus. "
parastatic [a. 2]
(1696) Phillips (ed. 5), "Parastates, two little Purses full of winding Nooks..where the Seed remains in Reserve."
paratonic , [a.]
(1875) Bennett &. Dyer tr. Sachs' Bot. 678 "Both the periodic and paratonic movement..is lost when they [the plants] have remained in the dark for a considerable time, such as a whole day; in other words, they become rigid by long exposure to darkness. "
paratype .
(1964) Internat. Code Zool. Nomencl. xvi. 79 "After the holotype has been labelled, each remaining specimen (if any) of the type-series should be conspicuously labelled `paratype', in order clearly to identify the components of the original type-series. "
parcel , [sb.]
(1974) Guardian 25 Jan. 24/5 "Police scientific experts are examining the remains of a parcel bomb which exploded in an Israeli bank in the City of London yesterday. "
(1971) T. C. Collocott Dict. Sci. &. Technol. 855/2 "Parcel plating, the electrodeposition of a metal over a selected area of an article, the remainder being covered with a nonconductor in order to prevent deposition."
parclose perclose [v.]
(1667) Ormonde MSS. in 10th Rep. Hist. MSS. Comm. App. v. 52 "Orders to satisfy..your petitioner the remaining &pstlg.120, after perclosing their worke."
pareiasaur .
(1975) Nature 3 Apr. 415/1 "The first..is an exposure of the Madumabisa Mud&dubh.stones yielding abundant therapsid and some pareiasaur remains. "
parenchyma .
(1839-47) Todd Cycl. Anat. III. 485/2 "The bloodvessels..remain on the..*parenchymal aspect of the mucous tissue. "
parent , [sb.]
(1978) Jrnl. R. Soc. Arts CXXVI. 686/1 "In many cases the mechanical properties of EB welds remain unchanged from those of the parent metal."
parish clerk
(1885) C. I. Elton in Encycl. Brit. XVIII. 296/1 "It is said that the only civil function of the parish-clerk now remaining is to undertake the custody of maps and documents..deposited under the provisions of the Railway Clauses Act, 1845."
parity (1) .
(1939) Physical Rev. LVI. 526/2 "Only the selection rules for J and parity would remain valid (&Delta.J = &pm.1 or 0, no change in parity allowed). "
park , [sb.]
(1957) Encycl. Brit. XXIII. 603/1 "The Serengeti National park..preserves the finest remaining assembly of the plains game of Africa. "
(1799) Stuart in Owen Mrq. Wellesley's Desp. (1877) 113 "The main body of the army, with the park and provisions, remained at Seedapore. "
parlour parlor .
(1938) G. T. Garratt Shadow of Swastika 201 "Mr. Neville Chamberlain remained..invincible because of his backing amongst the very wealthy and influential parlour fascists outside. "
parseme , [a.]
(1814) M. Birkbeck Notes Journey through France App. 14 "The numerous longitudinal ridges..with which this charming country is, `parsem&eacu.', appear to be the venerable remains of the ancient surface. "
part , [sb.] ( [adv.] )
(1592) West 1st Pt. Symbol. (1647) 100 "[To] suffer the same and every part and parcell thereof to descend come and remaine according to the true meaning of this Indenture. "
part , [v.]
(1945) W. C. Durney Capstan &. Turret Lathes iii. 78 "Mount a parting off tool in one of the remaining stations of the rear square turret and locate a longitudinal stop to part off the bar 14 in. from the collet face. "
participator .
(1876) E. Mellor Priesth. vi. 281 "The sacrament will remain a witness and a warning, even if its participators should eat and drink unworthily. "
participle , [sb.] ( [a.] )
(1751) Harris Hermes i. x. (1786) 184 "If we take away the assertion, and thus destroy the Verb, there will remain the Attribute and the Time, which make the Essence of a Participle. "
particle , [sb.]
(1968) Jacobs &. Rosenbaum Eng. Transformational Gram. 103 "When question sentences containing verb particles are generated, the particle must remain in its original position. "
particular , [a.] and [sb.] ( [adv.] )
(1642) Perkin's Prof. Bk. viii. §.495. 217 "Upon which particular estate the remainder is expectant. "
(1766) Blackstone Comm. II. xviii. 274 "Alienations by particular tenants, when they are greater than the law entitles them to make, and devest the remainder or reversion, are also forfeitures to him whose right is attacked thereby. "
(1790) Paley Hor&ae. Paul. Rom. i. 10 "Turn..to the second epistle..and you will discover the particular which remains to be sought for. "
(1844) Ld. Brougham A. Lunel I. iii. 67 "Every particular of it remains deeply engraven on my memory."
particularist , [sb.] ( [a.] )
(1939) E. Muir Present Age 160 "But he remained an inveterate particularist; his philosophy is not an organic whole, but is made up of a number of peculiar ideas. "
partition , [sb.]
(1751) Affect. Narr. of Wager 102 "A final Partition was this Day made of the remaining Flour. "
pascible , [a.]
(1795) J. Billingsley Agric. Somerset (1798) 52 "Land..when pascible for the remaining months, of little value from being overstocked."
pass , [sb. 2]
(1968) Amer. Documentation Jan. 78/1 "During one pass all elements which have already been classed in a particular category are retrieved. A second retrieval pass is then made to retrieve all remaining elements which have headwords or definitions which match those of items retrieved on the first pass. "
(1887) Times 28 Sept. 7/3 "Passes to remain out after hours for well-conducted soldiers."
(1975) Oxf. Compan. Sports &. Games 825/1 "The remainder of the winning area is the `pass court' and, if the ball falls there, `pass' is called and a let played. "
(1856) Dickens Lett. (1880) I. 431 "The wall dividing the front from the stage still remained, and the iron *pass-doors stood ajar. "
pass , [v.]
(1588) Parke tr. Mendoza's Hist. China 252 "The Spaniardes..remained a good while, and passed great heate. "
(1855) Macaulay Hist. Eng. xiii. III. 329 "Half the sum was raised,..and Dundee is said to have passed his word for the remainder. "
(1804-1820) W. Blake Jerusalem iii, in Compl. Writings (1972) 714 "So Men pass on: but States remain permanent for ever. "
(1875) Bennett &. Dyer tr. Sachs' Bot. 802 " The contents of one of the conjugating cells pass over into the other which remains stationary. "
passing , [vbl. sb.]
(1960) Times 20 Sept. (Pure Food Suppl.) p. i/5 "There still remains..the possibility of verbal passing-off at the time of sale. "
past , [ppl. a.] and [sb.]
(1732) Pope Ess. Man ii. 52 "Then see how little the remaining sum, Which serv'd the past, and must the times to come. "
paste , [v.]
(1883) H. W. V. Stuart Egypt 425 "A perfect tempest of wind, which..drove the Era against the western bank, where she remained hopelessly pasted."
pasteboard , [sb.] ( [a.] )
(1796) Withering Brit. Plants (ed. 3) I. 32 "Put it upon a dry fresh pasteboard, and, covering it with fresh blossom paper, let it remain in the press [etc.]."
pasteurize , [v.]
(1881) Pharmaceut. Jrnl. 29 Oct. 358 "Beer..previously `pasteurized'-and exposed to direct sunlight... At the end of three weeks the non-pasteurized beer..commenced to lose its clearness; but the pasteurized sample remained quite bright. "
pastor , [sb.]
(A. 1711) Ken Hymnotheo Poet. Wks. 1721 III. 30 "*Pastorless the Flock remain'd. "
patch test
(1963) Lancet 5 Jan. 61/2 "The patient was patch-tested with the sample that he had provided, and whereas the control patch remained unaffected, the test patch became reddened in three days, and redder and scaly in a week. "
patelline , [a.]
(1828) Webster, "Patellite, fossil remains of the patella, a shell. "
patentability .
(1972) N.Y. Law Jrnl. 10 Oct. 5/2 "The general level of innovation necessary to sustain patentability remains the same. "
pathic , [sb.] and [a.]
(1857) Mayne, "Pathicus, remaining passive: pathic."
Patjitanian , [a.]
(1949) K. P. Oakley Man the Tool-Maker viii. 70 "No implements were found with the remains of the Java Man, Pithecanthropus erectus, but beds of slightly later age in Java have yielded the Patjitanian industry.., which recalls some of the artifacts of the related Pekin Man. "
patrial , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1976) Equals Dec. 7/5 "Foreign nations and people from the old Commonwealth (excluding `patrials' and those on working holidays) made up the remainder."
patrioteer .
(1956) C. W. Mills Power Elite xii. 271 "The American elite have not remained as patrioteer essayists have described them to us."
patron , [sb.]
(1652) Needham tr. Selden's Mare Cl. 25 "The Dominion for all that remaining to another Patron. "
(1628) Digby Voy. Medit. (1868) 19 "[They] gaue me leaue to carrie away all the English captiues that remained here (which were near 50), paying onely the money they cost vnto their patrones. "
patronage , [sb.]
(1976) National Observer (U.S.) 24 Apr. 16/4 "The patronage system in the nation's fourth-largest city remains intact, and it is expected that the power it wields will be utilized with considerable impact."
patroon .
(1775) Romans Florida 186 "The vessel draws one third, the patroon or master, two shares of the remaining two thirds. "
pavement , [sb.]
(1965) C. E. Pocknee Parson's Handbk. ix. 98 "He remains standing on the pavement swinging the censer until the hymn or psalm is finished. "
(1978) Church Times 20 Jan. 3/4 "An application was made for a faculty to remove the sanctuary pavement and transfer from a columbarium underneath 177 caskets containing..cremated remains."
(1894) H. Speight Nidderdale 380 "Remains of this old thoroughfare..in the shape of large pave-stones."
pawn , [sb. 1]
(1950) R. N. Coles Chess-Player's Week-End Bk. 11 "If the pawn skeleton remained sound, the game could be continued from one phase to another. "
pawpaw .
(1966) B. Kimenye Kalasanda Revisited 23 "Anna remained as alien to Kalasanda as an orange in a pawpaw tree."
peace , [sb.]
(1652) Milton Sonn. Cromwell, "Yet much remaines To conquer still; peace hath her victories No less renownd then warr. "
peaceable , [a.] ( [sb.] , [adv.] )
(1600) E. Blount tr. Conestaggio 4 "Remaining peaceable Lord of the Realme. "
(1976) Time 20 Dec. 17/1 "In his Navy pea jacket and worn brown boots,..Jordan loped down the Senate halls, looking like the country boy he tries hard to remain."
(1822-34) Good's Study Med. (ed. 4) I. 392 "Diemerbroeck relates the case of a pearl-diver, who, under his own eye remained half-an-hour at a time under water, while pursuing his hunt for pearl muscles."
pearlite .
(1900) Engineering Mag. XIX. 752/1 "This substance, which has received the name of pearlite, is an intimate mixture of thin lamell&ae. of ferrite and yet thinner lamell&ae. of a chemical combination of iron and carbon, Fe3 C, which bears the name of cementite. Low-carbon irons and steels are composed of a conglomeration of ferrite and pearlite, but when the carbon reaches about 0&rdot.8 per cent. the ferrite granules disappear, and only the pearlite remains."
peasant , [sb.]
(1966) E. Wolf Peasants 3 "Peasants..are rural cultivators whose surpluses are transferred to a dominant group of rulers that uses the surpluses both to underwrite its own standard of living and to distribute the remainder to groups in society that do not farm but must be fed for their specific goods and services in turn. "
(1974) Encycl. Brit. Macrop&ae.dia VI. 256/1 "In agriculture, peasant proprietorship or large private estates-particularly for export products-remained the general rule [in developing non-Communist countries]. "
peasantism .
(1969) A. Walicki in in Ionescu &. Gellner Populism 104 "Denmark was and remained the model..for most East European peasantists. "
peasantry .
(1933) E. &. C. Paul tr. Stalin's Leninism II. 206 "Why is the peasantry described [by Lenin] as the last capitalist class? Because of the two main classes of which our society is composed, the peasantry is a class whose economy is based on private property and small commodity production. Because the peasantry, as long as it remains a peasantry, living by small commodity production, will throw up capitalists from its ranks. "
(1765) Douglas in Phil. Trans. LVIII. 187 "In almost every peat-moss, there are the remains of oak trees. "
peculiar , [a.] and [sb.]
(1936) E. Hubble Realm of Nebul&ae. ii. 47 "The remaining irregulars might be arbitrarily placed in the regular sequence as highly peculiar objects. "
(1739) Connect. Col. Rec. 230 "Being informed that a certain piece of land in the county of Windham..is not in any town but still remains a peculiar,..Be it enacted..That the said tract of land be annexed to the town of Voluntown. "
pedal , [sb.]
(1856) Mrs. C. Clarke tr. Berlioz' Instrument. 5 "The bass string can cross an upper open string..while the open string remains as a pedal. "
pedology .
(1924) Geol. Mag. 454 "The remaining class in Glinka's scheme is only of limited interest for western European pedologists. "
peel , [v. 3]
(1914) Ld. Tollemache Croquet xviii. 110 "The attempt is sometimes made in the second break to `Peel' your first ball through its remaining Hoops during the course of your second break. "
peeled , [ppl. a. 1]
(1892) Daily News 7 Mar. 3/5 "The utter rout of the Reactionaries has made the peeled and wasted remnant that remain utterly incapable of hindering the work."
peg , [sb. 1]
(1796) Pegge Anonym. (1809) 183 "*Peg-Tankards, of which I have seen a few still remaining in Derbyshire,..hold two quarts, so that there is a gill of ale, i.e. half a pint Winchester measure, between each pin. "
peg , [v.]
(1828) Boy's Own Bk. 12 "The moment it [a peg-top] rolls out, he may take it up, and peg at those which still remain inside. "
Peguan , [sb.] and [a.]
(1932) J. G. Scott Burma &. Beyond i. 16 "The Khmê.r went, or were pushed, farther east,..but the Mo&mac.n remained behind, and came to be known to the early merchant adventurers as Peguans. "
Peking Pekin .
(1970) W. Apel Harvard Dict. Music (ed. 2) 153/1 "The Peking opera has a short history (c. 100 years). Although the highly stylized singing and acting demands a cultivated taste, the Peking opera remains the most popular musical art form. "
pelagic , [a.]
(1891) Murray &. Renard Rep. Deep-Sea Deposits iii. 185 "From the point of view of their composition, as well as of their geographical and bathymetrical position, Marine Deposits may be separated into two great divisions, viz. (I.) Pelagic Deposits-those formed towards the centres of the great oceans, and made up chiefly of the remains of pelagic organisms along with the ultimate products arising from the decomposition of rocks and minerals; and (II.) Terrigenous Deposits. "
Pelean , [a.]
(1935) Publ. Carnegie Inst. Washington No. 458. 97 "The general morphological features of the Pel&eacu.an summit are those of an ancient crater wall, remaining in place on all sides but one. "
pelf , [sb.]
(1678) Phillips (ed. 4), "Pelf..in Faulconry, is the refuse and broken remains left after the Hawk is relieved. "
pelican , [sb.]
(1683) Salmon Doron Med. i. 307 "Being permixt together in a Pellican let them remain in digestion. "
pellet , [sb. 1]
(1607) Topsell Four-f. Beasts (1658) 329 "To cure a wound made with harquebush-shot... First seek with an instrument whether the pellet remain within or not. "
(1905) Daily News 5 Jan. 4/3 "The brown owl's pellet very rarely contains the remains of shrews. "
pell-mell , [adv.] ( [a.] , [sb.] , [v.] )
(1849) Grote Greece ii. xxxviii. V. 34 "After whom, with an interval of two furlongs, the remaining host followed pell&dubh.mell. "
pen , [sb. 2]
(1899) N. &. Q. 9th Ser. III. 365/2 "Quills as pens remained in use in some houses as the only writing tool up to a dozen to twenty years ago... Nowadays..the word `pen' has almost dropped out of usage, except to express the pen and holder."
penal , [a. 1]
(1963) T. &. P. Morris Pentonville xi. 225 "Their reference group remains very firmly their `own' prison, which some of the older men still refer to as their `penal station'."
penalty .
(1959) Listener 30 Apr. 765/3 "Declarer can, in fact, treat the remaining cards of either defender as penalty cards. "
(1960) G. Green in Fabian &. Green Assoc. Football III. viii. 55 "Goalkeepers now have to remain stationary on their line until the ball is actually struck from the penalty spot. "
pencilled , [ppl. a.]
(1890) Century Mag. 51/2 "The remainder of the plumage being penciled, or marked transversely, with narrow black lines at right angles to the shaft of the feather."
pendent , [a.] ( [prep.] )
(1880) Muirhead Ulpian ii. §.2 "So long as the condition is pendent he remains a slave of the heir's."
peneplain , [sb.]
(1954) W. D. Thornbury Princ. Geomorphol. viii. 178 "Although the peneplain still remains an important concept with most geomorphologists, it is now recognised that many topographic surfaces have been erroneously called peneplains. "
penetralium .
(1817) Keats Lett. (1958) I. 194 "Coleridge..would let go by a fine isolated verisimilitude caught from the Penetralium of mystery, from being incapable of remaining content with half knowledge. "
penetrate , [v.]
(1813) Bakewell Introd. Geol. (1815) 227 "Organic remains..of large vegetables, completely penetrated with silex. "
penicillin .
(1974) M. C. Gerald Pharmacol. xxvii. 465 "The penicillins were the first antibiotics discovered and remain today the second most widely used class of drugs for the treatment of bacterial infections. "
Penobscot , [sb.] and [a.]
(1910) F. W. Hodge Handbk. Amer. Indians II. 226/2 "The Penobscot took an active part in all the wars on the New England frontier up to 1749, when they made a treaty of peace, and have remained quiet ever since. "
pension , [sb.]
(1892) C. Booth Pauperism ii. iv. 60 "The father of the movement in favour of old-age pensions is Canon Blackley. With him must always remain the credit of whatever good may finally come out of any of these proposals. "
pensioner .
(1557) Order of Hospitalls C j, "The Number of children remaining and Pencioners relieved at the Cities charge."
pentastomid , [sb.] and [a.]
(1978) Nature 2 Mar. 93/1 "The remaining 23 chapters deal with metazoan parasites (ten on the platyhelminthes,..and a chapter each on the..pentastomids and parasitic crustacea)."
pentatonic , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1936) E. Blom et al. tr. Einstein's Short Hist. Mus. 5 "In China the development from the non-semitonal to the seven-note scale is certainly traceable, even though the old pentatonic always remained the foundation of its music. "
pentecostal , [sb.] and [a.]
(1970) P. Oliver Savannah Syncopators 56 "The hand-clapping..remained a familiar characteristic of the services of the `Sanctified' and `Pentecostal' churches. "
penthouse , [sb.]
(1656) W. Webb W. Smith's Vale-Roy. Eng. 39 "S. Peters [Chester]..underneath the church in the street is the Pendice, a place builded of purpose, where the Major useth to remain. "
people , [sb.]
(1579-80) North Plutarch (1657) 31 "He..remaineth now no more a King or a Prince, but becometh a *People-pleaser, or a cruell tyrant. "
pepper , [sb.]
(1669) Stubbe Let. 17 Dec. in Boyle's Wks. (1772) I. Life 91 "It creates in the throat such a sense, as remains, after drinking *pepper-posset. "
(1971) Southerly XXXI. 5 "The impressions that will remain, transfigured, in his memory: the pepper tree breaking into light in the Duffield's yard. "
peptidolysis .
(1972) Biochim. &. Biophys. Acta CCLXV. 70 "Cleavage, for example, of a 50 000-dalton peptide into fragments of 44 000 and 6000 daltons, respectively, can clearly be detected... Such peptidolysis can be observed only after dissolution of the protein by the detergent, since separated peptide fragments otherwise tend to remain associated through hydrophobic interactions."
peptize , [v.]
(1925) tr. J. M. van Bemmelen in E. Hatschek Foundations Colloid Chem. 129 "The peptizing agent may be removed from the solution and the colloid remains dissolved. "
Pequot , [sb.] and [a.]
(1903) Prince &. Speck in Amer. Anthropologist V. 195 "Their language, of course, remained Pequot, a dialect which shows a..striking kinship..with the present speech of the Canadian Abenakis. "
per , [prep.]
(1965) New Statesman 30 Apr. 672/3 "For the bulk of humanity per capita consumption remains the same. "
(1674) Leybourn Compl. Surveyor 237 "An Instrument which he calleth a Peractor, which is no other than a Theodelite, only the Box and Needle is so fitted to the Center of the Instrument, that..the Index may be turned about, and yet the Box and Needle remain immoveable. "
perception .
(1951) Licklider &. Miller in S. S. Stevens Handbk. Exper. Psychol. 1040/1 "Although the perception of speech is a psychological problem, it remained for telephone engineers..to develop procedures for the quantitative investigation of speech perception. "
percolation .
(1660) Jer. Taylor Duct. Dubit. ii. ii. rule ii, "If we list to observe that..Pythagoras..and Socrates had great names amongst the leading Christians, it is no wonder if in the percolation something of the relish should remain. "
perdu perdue , [a.] and [sb.]
(1758) Misc. in Ann. Reg. 373/2 "The ingenious author tells us..the general's intention remains perdu. "
perdure , [v.]
(A. 1600) Flodden F. vii. (1664) 68 "And in perduring peace remain. "
peremptory , [a.] ( [adv.] , [sb.] )
(1880) Muirhead Gaius iv. §.120 "Exceptions..are peremptory that remain available always, and cannot be excluded; such are the exceptions of constraint or dole."
perfume , [sb.]
(1756-7) tr. Keysler's Trav. (1760) III. 383 "St. Antony's remains is said continually to emit a most fragrant perfume, which is chiefly smelt at a crevice behind the altar. "
pergelisol .
(1968) R. W. Fairbridge Encycl. Geomorphol. 1185/1 "The south- to west-facing slopes thaw earlier and more deeply than the opposite ones, where the pergelisol remains near the surface. "
peripheral , [a.] and [sb.]
(1976) Vancouver Province 18 June 21/2 "Canadian cultural expression will remain peripheral to Canadians-unless we tackle the economics."
periplast .
(1861) J. R. Greene Man. Anim. Kingd., C&ae.lent. 35 "Its homogeneous periplast [is] traversed in all directions by a complex mesh&dubh.work of threads, which remain quite distinct from the endoplasts about which they diverge. "
peritectic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1924) Jeffries &. Archer Sci. of Metals ix. 323 "There are different solid phases in equilibrium with the melt above and below the peritectic temperature. During the peritectic reaction there are three phases (two solid and one liquid) in equilibrium, so that the temperature must remain constant until at least one of the phases disappears. "
perkin (2) .
(C. 1791) Encycl. Brit. (ed. 3) s.v. Husbandry §.238 "The liquor, called cyderkin, purre, or perkin, is made of the murk or gross matter remaining after the cyder is pressed out. "
permafrost .
(1958) New Biol. XXVI. 90 "In the sub-arctic the peat has a permafrost layer, that is a layer, usually a foot or two below the surface, which remains frozen for the whole year round, and acts as an impermeable layer. "
permanent , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1881) Syd. Soc. Lex. s.v. Cartilage, "Cartilage is..permanent when it remains such during life. "
(1888) Encycl. Brit. XXIV. 409/1 "The remaining or permanent hardness consists of sulphate of lime and other soluble salts. "
(1969) H. T. Evans tr. Hä.gg's Gen. &. Inorg. Chem. xxvi. 666 "Carbonate precipitation on boiling causes the water to lose its carbonate hardness or temporary hardness while a permanent hardness remains. "
permanently , [adv.]
(1880) Geikie Phys. Geog. iv. 196 "In volcanic districts the water is often even at the boiling&dubh.point, and remains so permanently."
permineralization .
(1893) C. A. White in Rep. U.S. Nat. Museum 1892 264 "There are seven different natural conditions in which fossil remains are recognizable, three of which relate to substance, three to form, and one to both. To those relating to substance I have applied the terms permineralization, histometabasis, and carbonization... The term permineralization applies to that condition of fossil remains of animals which differ least from their original condition as parts of living animals. "
permissivist .
(1966) Times 16 Feb. 13 "Theatrical permissivists should ask themselves whether, if there must be censorship, it is not better from their point of view that it should remain with a rationally indefensible institution, which is in no position to enforce for long unpopular or unjustifiable standards. "
peroxide .
(1881) Chem. News 20 May 233/1 "The peroxide of ethyl remains as a dense syrupy liquid, miscible with water. "
Perp perp ,
(1937) A. Christie Dumb Witness vii. 68 "Though an attractive specimen of what the guidebook calls Early Perp. it [sc. a church] had been so conscientiously restored in Victorian vandal days that little of interest remained. "
perpetually , [adv.]
(A. 1688) Villiers (Dk. Buckhm.) Restoration Wks. (1775) 106 "Can shame remain perpetually in me, And not in others?"
perpetuate [ppl. a.]
(1801) Southey Thalaba i. xxiii, "The trees and flowers remain, By Nature's care perpetuate and self-sown."
perradial , [a.]
(1888) Rolleston &. Jackson Anim. Life 781 (Hydrozoa Acraspeda) "Four of them, the perradial tentacles,..correspond to the four angles of the mouth; four others, the interradial tentacles, second in development, to the centres of the square sides of the mouth, and the remaining eight adradial tentacles occupy the intervals between the per- and interradial."
persistence .
(1869) Tyndall Notes Lect. Light 27 "An electric spark is sensibly instantaneous; but the impression it makes upon the eye remains for some time after the spark has passed away... Wheatstone's Photometer is based on this persistence. "
persistent , [a.]
(1880) Gray Struct. Bot. iii. (ed. 6) 86 "Leaves..may be..persistent, when they remain through the cold season..during which vegetation is interrupted. "
(1865) Geikie Scen. &. Geol. Scot. vi. 138 "Even with such doubtful forms, the two main systems remain tolerably persistent."
personalism .
(1937) Times 4 Sept. 11/6 "The Radicals who remained faithful to the `Chief' were known as Personalist or Irigoyenist Radicals. "
persuasion .
(1860) W. Collins Wom. White i. viii, "It will always remain my private persuasion that [etc.]."
perturbative , [a.]
(1971) Ann. Physics LXIV. 383 "The change in the initial set of site amplitudes is sufficiently small so that a perturbative solution of the set of equation[s] remains valid. "
perveance .
(1962) C. Susskind Encycl. Electronics 229/2 "It is convenient to classify electron guns in terms of their perveance, a parameter that remains invariant when the gun is geometrically scaled. "
Peter Pan
(1914) I. Hay Knight on Wheels (ed. 2) xiv. 143 "Mr. Mablethorpe remained as incorrigibly Peter Pannish as ever. Although his hair was whitening..he declined to grow up. "
Peter-penny Peter's penny
(1902) Encycl. Brit. XXV. 483/2 "He [Antonelli, 1870] obtained from the Italians payment of the Peter's pence (5,000,000 lire) remaining in the papal exchequer."
petit bourgeois .
(A. 1974) R. Crossman Diaries (1976) II. 160 "His [sc. Harold Wilson's] natural modesty has remained unchanged. So have his modest tastes, his simple liking of high tea, his completely unaffected petit-bourgeois habits. "
petition , [sb.]
(1671) Milton Samson 650 "This one prayer yet remains, might I be heard, No long petition, speedy death. "
petition , [v.]
(1765) Blackstone Comm. I. i. 143 "There still remains a fourth subordinate right, appertaining to every individual, namely, the right of petitioning the king, or either house of parliament, for the redress of grievances. "
petrified , [ppl. a.]
(1841-71) T. R. Jones Anim. Kingd. (ed. 4) 649 "The countless petrified remains known by the names of Hamites, Lituites, Orthoceratites, Cyrtoceratites."
(1873) S. W. Cozzens Marvellous Country 76 "We came upon the remains of a petrified forest,..converted by some chemical process into specimens of variegated jasper. "
petroglyph .
(1974) Environmental Conservation I. 8/2 "The desert is dotted with..fossil remains..of domestic animals whose present range lies well outside the areas of the petroglyphs."
petto .
(1712) S. Sewall Diary 29 Feb., "I ask'd the Govr. to take a Copy of it: He said No, It should remain yet in Petto..and put it in his Pocket. "
(1712) Lond. Gaz. No. 5015/1 "There are Seven Cardinals still remaining in Petto, whose Names the Pope keeps Secret. "
pew , [sb. 1]
(1631) Weever Anc. Fun. Mon. 573 "Dead bodies of the Nobilitie whose funerall trophies are wasted with deuouring time and..seates or Pewes for the Townesmen, made ouer their honorable remaines. "
phagolysosome .
(1973) R. G. Krueger et al. Introd. Microbiol. xxiii. 584/1 "The phagolysosome, containing the remains of the foreign object is then either eliminated from the cell or is left in the cytoplasm. "
phallic , [a.]
(1789) Twining Aristotle's Treat. Poetry 72 "Those Phallic songs, which, in many cities, remain still in use. "
Pharaoh .
(1877) A. B. Edwards Up Nile xiv. 385 "Rameses the Second..remains to this day the representative Pharaoh of a line of monarchs whose history covers a space of fifty centuries."
Phariseeism .
(1585) Fetherstone tr. Calvin on Acts xv. 7. 355 "There remained no phariseisme in Paul. "
phase , [sb.]
(1904) M. B. Field in M. Maclean Mod. Electr. Pract. II. i. vi. 28 "If one of the phases of a &232.-connected system is disconnected, the remaining two can still supply a three-phase current, but with a diminished efficiency. "
phasing , [vbl. sb.]
(1938) A. E. Greenlees Amplification &. Distribution of Sound x. 154 "Each loud&dubh.speaker should have one terminal marked..so that when all these are connected to one line wire and the remaining terminals connected to the other, correct phasing is assured. "
phenylalanine .
(1934) Times Lit. Suppl. 1 Nov. 758/3 "Whether this represents a real ability to synthesize the amino-acid for all purposes, or simply a power to use dietary phenylalanine, remains an open question. "
pheromone .
(1975) Sci. Amer. May 59/1 "The physiological causes, possibly pheromonal ones, for the synchrony of births remain to be determined, and it will not be easy to determine them with lions in the wild."
philately .
(1930) 19th Cent. Dec. 785 "The small-bourgeois quality of English philately remained untarnished with sham elegance."
philosophical , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1903) B. Russell Princ. Math. ii. 32 "It remains a question for *philosophical logic whether there is not a quite different notion of the disjunction of individuals. "
phlegmon .
(1666) G. Harvey Morb. Angl. xi. (1672) 31 "It's..generated..out of the dregs and remainder of a *Phlegmonous or Oedematick tumour. "
phocid .
(1880) J. A. Allen Hist. N. Amer. Pinnipeds 470 "Some supposed Phocine remains were described. "
phoneme .
(1894) G. Dunn in Classical Rev. Mar. 95/1 "The problem remains to determine whether there are any Phonemes which may be regarded as the representatives of these hypothetical and analogically deduced long sonants."
phoney phony , [a.] and [sb.]
(1971) F. Forsyth Day of Jackal ii. xv. 262 "`Leave the others to continue checking the remainder, just in case there is another phoney among the bunch,' instructed Thomas. "
(1799) Sir H. Davy in Beddoes Contrib. Phys. &. Med. Knowl. 71 "The phosoxydable base remains pure. "
phosphate , [sb.]
(1923) A. B. Searle Sands &. Crushed Rocks I. iv. 199 "Coprolite and Phosphorite are natural phosphate rocks which are produced by the accumulation of organic remains. "
phosphatized , [ppl. a.]
(1875) Q. Jrnl. Geol. Soc. XXXI. 361 "The shales..are rich in organic remains. These..are all more or less phosphatized. "
phospho- ,
(1967) Information Bull. Internat. Union Pure &. Applied Chem. XXX. 22 "The term `phosphoglyceride' signifies any derivative of glycerophosphoric acid that contains at least one O-acyl, or O-alkyl, or O-alk-1&p.-en-1&p.-yl group attached to the glycerol residue... The term `phosphatidic acid' signifies a derivative of glycerophosphoric acid in which both remaining hydroxyl groups of glycerol are esterified with fatty acids. "
phosphorite .
(1882) Academy 27 May 382/1 "Mammalian remains found in the phosphorite deposits of Quercy."
phosphorus .
(1897) Allbutt's Syst. Med. II. 930 "So long as profound *phosphorus cachexia remains. "
photo- ,
(1976) Nature 9 Sept. 100/1 "Better and cheaper means of storing electricity..remain desirable, and hence the practical importance of photo&dubh.electrochemical decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen. "
(1973) Sci. Amer. Feb. 21/2 "The cost of hardware and manpower for photo&dubh.interpretation..will remain high. "
photograph , [sb.]
(1861) Musgrave By-roads 238 "As evanescent as a photograph, which grows faint and fainter in tint the longer it remains exposed to the sun and air. "
photometer [v.]
(1900) Jrnl. Franklin Inst. CXLIX. 291 "The leading makers now photometer each and every lamp, and the practice of photometering a few and picking out the remainder by the eye is past. "
photoreactivate [v.]
(1961) J. A. Schiff et al. in Christensen &. Buchmann Progress in Photobiol. vi. 290 "Photoreactivability of the cells falls off rapidly when the cells are permitted to divide. Under non-dividing conditions, the cells remain completely photoreactivable indefinitely. "
phototonus .
(1875) Bennett &. Dyer tr. Sachs' Bot. 678 "The power of movement in plants is lost when they have remained in the dark for a considerable time..; in other words, they become rigid by long exposure to darkness..; the exposure to light must continue for a considerable time..before the motile condition which I have termed `Phototonus' is restored. "
phragmoplast .
(1912) W. H. Lang tr. Strasburger's Text-bk. Bot. (ed. 4) 89 "A barrel-shaped figure, the phragmoplast, is formed, which either separates entirely from the developing daughter nuclei, or remains in connection with them by means of a peripheral sheath. "
phrenologize , [v.]
(1860) O. W. Holmes Prof. Breakf.-t. viii, "It only remained to be phrenologized. "
Phurnacite .
(1952) Economist 1 Nov. 332/2 "The favourite small coals of the domestic consumer-anthracite and the best briquettes-remain scarce. The board [sc. the National Coal Board] still has only one-now considerably enlarged-plant making `phurnacite', which is an excellent but expensive carbonised briquette. "
phylic , [a. 2]
(1949) T. Burrow Neurosis of Man vii. 169 "As an outgrowth of this phylic principle of integration, the individual remains always an integral element within the organism of man as a unit. "
phyllocarid .
(1911) Geol. Mag. VIII. 64 "In the black shales we succeeded in finding organic remains, including..a bivalve phyllocarid crustacean. "
phylogeny .
(1870) Rolleston Anim. Life p. xxv, "`Phylogenies', or hypothetical genealogical pedigrees, reaching far out of modern periods, are likely to remain in the very highest degree arbitrary and problematical. "
phylum .
(1927) T. Burrow in Brit. Jrnl. Med. Psychol. 202 "In a comprehensive view of our human phylum there remains no other conclusion than that the social mind..comprises a systematization of social images. "
physicist .
(1859) R. F. Burton Centr. Afr. in Jrnl. Geog. Soc. XXIX. 23 "There remained then for the English physicist the honour of depicting by an admirable generalization the true features of the African interior."
phyto- ,
(1890) Athen&ae.um 1 Mar. 278/3 "There remains a large collection of memoirs on general botany and *phyto-biology. "
(1883) Science 6 Apr. 252 "The nature of some impressions described by *phytopaleontologists as remains of fossil Alg&ae.. "
(1933) Geogr. Jrnl. LXXXI. 462 "A further problem remains, far more serious in the case of zoogeography than with phytogeography. Can the essentials be put..without assuming a knowledge of taxonomy beyond the reach of the average geographer? "
pi ).
(1972) J. C. Schug Introd. Quantum Chem. xi. 263 "The remaining six valence electrons [in the benzene molecule] occupy the unhybridized p orbitals of the carbon atoms, which are perpendicular to the plane of the molecule... Each of these so-called pi electrons can be paired with a pi electron on a neighboring atom to form three additional pi-type bonds, as in ethylene. "
piceous , [a.]
(1646) J. Hall Hor&ae. Vac. 100 "Comets, which blaze as long as their piceous substance remaines, and then vanish. "
pick , [v. 1]
(A. 1625) Sir H. Finch Law (1636) 135 "A Mill-stone, though it be lifted vp to be picked and beaten..remaineth parcell of the Mill. "
pickable [a.]
(1966) C. Sweeney Scurrying Bush x. 142 "This little bird is supposed to enter the mouths of crocodiles to pick their teeth, but..the teeth of a crocodile..are widely spaced so that they are not really pickable-no particles of food being likely to remain. "
pick-up [sb.] ( [a.] )
(1961) Times 14 Nov. 12/7 "From the moment that he leaves the chute, the cowboy must remain in the saddle for 10 seconds. Then, on a whistle signal, two mounted `pick-up' men converge on the buckhorse and the cowboy dismounts as best he can. The `pick-up' men gallop after the riderless horse. One of them grabs the rein or head collar, and forces him out of the arena through a gate into a collecting ring. This in itself is often a thrilling spectacle, as it is a point of honour for the `pick-up' men to take out the bucking animal at full gallop. "
(1860) Bartlett Dict. Amer. (ed. 3), "A pick-up dinner, called also simply a pick-up, is a dinner made up of such fragments of cold meats as remain from former meals. "
picornavirus .
(1974) L. Levintow in Fraenkel-Conrat &. Wagner Comprehensive Virology II. iii. 154 "Picornaviruses are the agents of a number of other important diseases of man and animals which remain to be controlled, including the common cold. "
picture , [sb.]
(1959) H. Read Conc. Hist. Mod. Painting v. 156 "The arrangement of the elements within the picture-space remains intuitive. "
picturize , [v.]
(1920) N.Y. Times 24 May 20 "The photoplay, however, remains simply a picturized reproduction of the stage play. "
piece , [sb.]
(1555) W. Watreman Fardle Facions ii. xii. 294 "How she from thre yeres of age..remained ther [in the temple] seruing God stil a peace."
(1931) E. Midgley Technical Terms Textile Trade I. 10 "The cloth is woven in a white or undyed condition and *piece-dyed black for wool, so that the cotton fibres remain their natural colour. "
piece .
(1954) W. K. Hancock Country &. Calling viii. 227 "The historian, although he may employ analysis and its technical language in his preliminary studies or his piè.ces justificatives, remains just as deeply committed as Herodotus and Thucydides were to narrative and the language of narrative. "
piecemeal , [adv.] ( [sb.] , [a.] )
(1579) Tomson Calvin's Serm. Tim. 125/1 "Now it remaineth that we looke peecemeale vnto these wordes. "
pie-eyed , [a.]
(1924) Wodehouse Ukridge x. 256 "What they put in that stuff..I don't know, but the fact remains that the bird almost instantly became perfectly pie-eyed. "
pier , [sb. 2]
(1879) Sir G. G. Scott Lect. Archit. II. 76 "An arch-order may be moulded or otherwise decorated, while the corresponding *pier-order may remain square. "
pierless , [a.]
(1893) Daily News 23 May 2/3 "Dover..the chief of the Cinque Ports has hitherto remained in the ordinary sense pierless... The something wanting was a promenade pier with pavilion and band."
pigeon , [sb.]
(1976) R. Rosenblum Sweetheart Deal i. 11 "For years guarding witnesses remained a..shoestring operation. Rent a hotel room and keep the pigeon under wraps."
(1842) Dickens Let. 3 Apr. (1974) III. 180 "That valiant general..is an old, old man with..the remains of a pigeon-breast in his military surtout."
pike , [sb. 2]
(1886) Pall Mall G. 8 Nov. 3/1 "The habit of allowing hay to remain in the fields in `pikes', as they are called in the north,..is one of the customs of the country."
pike [sb. 6]
(1837) Dickens Pickw. xxii. lvi, "I dewote the remainder of my days to a pike. "
pike [v. 3]
(1900) Ade More Fables (1902) 106 "When all the Smart Set get ready to pike away for the Heated Term..she would remain at Home. "
piked , [a. 2]
(1951) Swimming (Eng. Schools Swimming Assoc.) v. 71 "There are three recognized positions in which the body may be held during the execution of a dive... Piked. The body is bent forward at the hips, but the legs must remain straight at the knees with toes pointed. "
pile , [sb. 3]
(1879) Froude C&ae.sar xviii. 305 "Made a pile of chairs and benches and tables, and burnt all that remained of Clodius."
pilgrim , [sb.]
(1943) J. K. Howard Montana 139 "They were for the most part `pilgrims' who remained and were `made into hands'."
pill , [sb. 1]
(1615) Latham Falconry (1633) Words Art expl., "Pill, and pelfe of a fowle, is that refuse and broken remains which are left after the Hawke hath been relieued. "
pillar , [sb.]
(1708) J. C. Compl. Collier (1845) 43 "The Remainder of four Yards is left for a Pillar to support the Roof and Weight of the Earth above. "
(1950) B. Palmer Bk. Amer. Clocks 10 "The Pillar and Scroll Clock remained the most popular Shelf Clock until about 1825 and survived well into the 1830's. "
pillion [sb. 3]
(1778) Pryce Min. Cornub. Gloss. 325 "Pillion, the Tin which remains in the scoria or slags after it is first smelted, which must be separated and remelted. "
pilotless , [a.]
(1806) Scott Let. 20 Sept. (1932) I. 317 "The pilot-less state in which the political vessel has remained since his [sc. Pitt's] death. "
pina .
(1604) E. G[rimstone] D'Acosta's Hist. Indies iv. xii. 245 "They put all the mettall into a cloth, which they straine out very forcibly, so as all the quicke-silver passeth out..and the rest remaines as a loafe of silver, like to a marke of almonds pressed to draw oyle. And being thus pressed, the remainder containes but the sixt part in silver, and five in mercurie... Of these markes they makes pinnes, (as they call them,) like pine apples, or sugar loaves, hollow within, the which they commonly make of a hundred pound weight. "
pinafore [v.]
(1893) Daily News 11 Jan. 2/2 "There were hundreds..feeding as one, and pinaforing the fragments that remained."
pinched , [ppl. a.]
(1611) Shaks. Wint. T. ii. i. 51 "He ha's discouer'd my Designe, and I Remaine a pinch'd Thing; yea, a very Trick For them to play at will. "
pine , [v.]
(1848) Buckley Iliad 17 "But he pined away his great heart, remaining there. "
pin-prick [sb.]
(1961) M. Conway in Conc. Encycl. Antiques, V. 231/2 "Extremely attractive pin-pricking effects were achieved by outlining from the front with a fine pin-actually needles were used-the remainder being thickly pierced from the back. "
piob mhor .
(1920) Glasgow Herald 1 May 6 "The clan is no more..; but the piobmohr [sic] remains.., and in its music there may be heard..the romance, and the tragedy, and the beauty of the story of the Scottish Highlands. "
pip [v. 3]
(1950) Partridge Here, There &. Everywhere 70 "The remaining Tommy synonyms [for `wounded'] are pipped, especially by a bullet whether of rifle, revolver, or machine-gun; to stop one [etc.]."
pipe , [sb. 1]
(1964) N. G. Clark Mod. Org. Chem. v. 80 "The highly viscous bitumen which forms the remainder of the distillation residue is used for..corrosion-proof *pipe-coatings. "
piri-piri (2) .
(1964) H. Holthausen Chicken goes around World 72 "Preheat the grill and put the piri-piri chicken in the immediate vicinity of the heat... Baste the chicken well..with the remaining piri-piri. "
piscine , [a.]
(1799) Kirwan Geol. Ess. 240 "Covered by bituminous marlite, and with piscine remains. "
pistillody .
(1877) Jrnl. Linn. Soc. (Bot.) XV. 87 "The calyx and corolla remain entirely unchanged in all cases exhibiting pistillody. "
pistolero .
(1939) G. Greene Lawless Roads 19 "Mexico remained Catholic: it was the governing class-the politicians and pistoleros only who were anti-Catholic. "
piston , [sb.]
(1943) G. G. Smith Gas Turbines &. Jet Propulsion (ed. 2) vii. 54 "Even if free-flying piston engine and compressor units were employed these handicaps would remain. "
(1979) Daily Tel. 1 Dec. 10/6 "Their departure..coincides with the paying off of the Navy's only remaining steam reciprocating, or piston-engined, ship. "
Pitcairner .
(1857) V. Lush Jrnl. 18 Nov. (1971) 195 "As Norfolk Island is the nearest to New Zealand they touched there on their outward voyage and landed Mrs. Selwyn, who remained with the Pitcairners till the Southern Cross called for her on their way home. "
pith , [v.]
(1806) Home in Phil. Trans. XCVI. 359 "In the common mode of pithing cattle the medulla spinalis only is cut through, and the head remains alive. "
pithecanthropus .
(1925) Bull. Geol. Soc. China IV. 177 "Sooner or later pithecanthropine remains will be recovered from the Siwaliks. "
pithecoid , [a.] ( [sb.] )
(1863) Huxley Man's Place Nat. 159 "The fossil remains of man..do not..take us appreciably nearer to that lower pithecoid form. "
pitso .
(1824) W. J. Burchell Trav. S. Afr. II. 408 "The piicho or assembly remained sitting in easy conversation for nearly an hour longer. "
Pittite (1) .
(1812) L. Hunt in Examiner 25 May 321/1 "The remains of the Pittite Cabinet. "
pivot , [sb.]
(1867) Smyth Sailor's Word-bk., "*Pivot-ship, in certain fleet evolutions, the sternmost ship remains stationary, as a pivot on which the other vessels are to form the line anew. "
pivotal , [a.]
(1973) A. M. Cohen et al. Numerical Anal. viii. 136 "We add suitable multiples of equation (8.17&alpha.) to equations (&beta.), (&gamma.), and (&delta.) to reduce the coefficients of x1 in them to zero... Equation (&alpha.), which remains unaltered, is called the pivotal equation."
pivoting [vbl. sb.]
(1961) Jrnl. Assoc. Computing Machinery VIII. 282 "We derive first an upper bound for R when a general matrix is reduced to triangular form by Gaussian elimination, selecting as pivotal element at each stage the element of maximum modulus in the whole of the remaining square matrix. We refer to this as `complete' pivoting for size, in contrast to the selection of the maximum element in the leading column at each stage, which we call `partial' pivoting for size. "
placer (3) .
(1921) H. Guthrie-Smith Tutira xxxviii. 383 "`Placer' is a term used to denote a gold digger who remains year after year on the one spot, on the one place. "
placing , [vbl. sb.]
(1894) Daily News 26 July 3/3 "He won the race so easily that little notice need be taken of the placings of the remainder of the field. "
plain , [sb. 1]
(1934) Bulletin (Sydney) 16 May 20/2 "The plain turkey, or lesser bustard, one of Australia's finest gamebirds, is reported to be fading out in one of its few remaining strongholds-the great plains of Western Queensland. "
(1963) Maclean's Mag. 23 Feb. 42/3 "Must the barren lands be swept clear of people, leaving the few remaining caribou to become a curiosity like the plains buffalo? "
(1930) L. G. D. Acland Early Canterbury Runs (ser. 1) v. 109 "Valetta was the last of the old *plains stations to remain anything like its original size. "
plain , [a. 1] and [adv.]
(1590) Spenser F.Q. i. i. 16 "Ay wont in desert darknes to remaine, Where plain none might her see, nor she see any plaine. "
plain [a. 2]
(1677) Cary Chronol. i. i. i. vii. 18 "There remains for the number of plene Months 125."
planar , [a.]
(1956) Nature 7 Jan. 37/2 "The dimensions of the amide group accord closely with those given by Corey and Pauling, and it is in the trans configuration. It shows, however, a significant departure from planarity, since the carbonyl oxygen is 0&rdot.5 A. out of the plane containing the remaining atoms of the amide group. "
planation .
(1970) R. J. Small Study of Landforms iv. 131 "The interfluves of Dartmoor, besides preserving remains of planation surfaces, show in detail features of interest. "
plancher , [sb.]
(1964) Financial Times 31 Jan. 5/6 "Only those bills which the banks wish to buy above their compulsory holdings or `plancher' are subject to tender. The so-called `maximum'..rates for `plancher' holdings..remain the same."
planetal [a.]
(1624) Darcie Birth of Heresies xxii. 104 "The body it self of the planetall Sunne remaines and continues in his sphericall Orbe."
planktonic , [a.] and [sb.]
(1963) Times 19 Feb. 10/4 "Sediments of past ages..contain a boundary clearly defined by changes in their content of fossilized planktonic remains. "
planont .
(1961) R. D. Manwell Introd. Protozool. xxiii. 478 "At first they [sc. Nosema spores] remain in the gut, but they soon begin to wander and are now called `planonts'."
plant , [sb. 1]
(1880) A. R. Wallace Isl. Life 195 "Proofs of a mild Arctic climate, in the abundant *plant-remains of East Siberia and Amurland. "
plant , [v.]
(1699) Bentley Phal. 152 "The Zancl&ae.ans invited the remainder of the Milesians to come and plant themselves in Sicily. "
(1935) A. F. Hort Garden Variety iv. 226 "Here [sc. in a box] the plantlets..will remain for weeks or months. "
(1952) Archit. Rev. CXII. 343/1 "None of these plants remain in that environment for long as they are serviced and maintained by fully competent plantsmen. "
plasm .
(1877) Blackmore Cripps II. viii. 125 "His outward faculties..rendered to his inward and endiathetic organs a picture, a schema, a plasm-the proper word may be left to him-such as would remain inside, at least while the mind abode there."
plasmocyte .
(1900) E. B. Wilson Cell (ed. 2) i. 52 "Eisen ('97) asserts that in the blood of a salamander..the attraction-sphere..containing the centrosomes may separate from the remainder of the cell (nucleated red corpuscles) to form an independent form of blood&dubh.corpuscle or `plasmocyte', which leads an active life in the blood."
plasmogamy .
(1958) L. A. Borradaile et al. Invertebrata (ed. 3) ii. 40 "Here may be mentioned the union of individuals by fusion of their cytoplasm, the nuclei remaining distinct, which is practised by the Mycetozoa..and in some other cases. This process, which is not syngamy, is known as plasmogamy,