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Taxes were periodically levied upon the populace to raise revenue for the Crown.  The laity and clergy were both taxed.  The information that follows relates to Lay Subsidies only.  Other forms of revenue raising, such as enforced loans, are not included here.  Normally, six subsidy collectors were appointed to assess the parish, two for each of the parish's three divisions — Boroughside, Clink Liberty, and Paris Garden Manor.  Links are provided below to transcripts of surviving lay subsidy rolls that include information about St Saviour parishioners. 

  Terms  

    Lands, Goods, Fees: 
A subject could be taxed in only one of these categories, whichever was the highest.  ‘Goods’ — which meant moveable goods — comprised by far the largest category, and because it was assumed, it often went unnoted, though ‘in lands’ and ‘in fees’ were almost always noted.  ‘Lands’ usually meant the income from lands, while Fees usually denoted servants of the Crown. 

    Rates of Assessment: 
Through most of this period, assessments — and those subject to assessment — differed by category.  For moveable goods, the threshold of liability after 1566 was £3, and if a levy were to be paid in two parts, the rate for the first payment was usually larger than the rate for the second.  In the notes that follow, such differences are indicated as e.g. ‘20d/12d’.  For lands, the threshold was £1, and two-part payments were often equally dissimilar.  Aliens paid double rates, and if they had neither sufficient goods nor lands they paid a poll tax. 

  Assessments, by date  

[The information that follows comes from Lay Taxes in England and Wales 1188-1688, by M Jurkowski, C L Smith and D Crook  (Richmond, Surrey:  PRO Publications, 1998).  A notation of the form ‘[p.000]’ beside each entry refers to the page number in this book where further information can be found.] 

1559:  a subsidy, to be levied over two years.  [p.156]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £5. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1559 April 30:  first assessment. 
    1560 January 20:  second assessment. 


1563:  a subsidy, to be levied over two years.  [p.157]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £5. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1563 April 20:  first assessment. 
    1563 December 10:  second assessment. 


1566:  a subsidy, to be levied over two years.  [p.158]
        Goods: 12d/10d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1567 February 10:  first assessment. 
    1568 February 10:  second assessment. 


1571:  a subsidy, to be levied over two years.  [p.159]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1571 September 20:  first assessment. 
    1572 September 20:  second assessment. 


1576:  a subsidy, to be levied over two years.  [p.160]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1576 June 12:  first assessment. 
    1577 September 20:  second assessment. 


1581:  a subsidy, to be levied over two years.  [p.161]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1581 May 12:  first assessment. 
    1582 September 20:  second assessment. 


1585:  a subsidy, to be levied over two years.  [pp.161-2]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1585 June 10:  first assessment. 
    1586 September 20:  second assessment. 


1587:  a subsidy, to be levied over two years.  [pp.162-3]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1587 October 1:  first assessment. 
    1588 October 1:  second assessment. 


1589:  two subsidies, to be levied over four years.  [p.164]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1589 October 1:  first part of first assessment.    [Southwark: TNA, E179/185/335 (St Olave only)]
    1590 October 1:  second part of first assessment. 
    1591 October 1:  first part of second assessment. 
    1592 October 1:  second part of second assessment. 


1593:  three subsidies, to be levied over four years.  [pp.165-6]
        Goods: 2s8d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 4s per pound over £1. 
    1593 October 1:  first assessment.    [Southwark: TNA, E179/186/349]
    1594 October 1:  second assessment.    [Southwark: TNA, E179/186/362]
    1595 October 1:  first part of third assessment. 
    1596 October 1:  second part of third assessment. 


1597:  three subsidies, to be levied over three years.  [pp.168-9]
        Goods: 2s8d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 4s per pound over £1. 
    1598 October 1:  first assessment.    [Southwark: TNA, E179/186/370]
    1599 October 1:  second assessment.    [Southwark: TNA, E179/186/375A]
    1600 October 1:  third assessment.    [Southwark: TNA, E179/186/377]


1601:  four subsidies, to be levied over four years.  [p.169]
        Goods: 2s8d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 4s per pound over £1. 
    1602 February 28:  first assessment. 
    1602 June 30:  first part of second assessment. 
    1603 February 28:  second part of second assessment. 
    1603 June 30:  first part of third assessment. 
    1604 February 29:  second part of third assessment. 
    1604 June 30:  first part of fourth assessment. 
    1605 February 28:  second part of fourth assessment. 


1606:  three subsidies, to be levied over three years.  [p.171]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1606 June 20:  first part of first assessment. 
    1607 March 20:  second part of first assessment. 
    1607 September 20:  first part of second assessment. 
    1608 March 20:  second part of second assessment. 
    1609 March 20:  first part of third assessment. 
    1610 March 20:  second part of third assessment. 


1610:  a subsidy, to be levied over two years.  [pp.173-4]
        Goods: 20d/12d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1610 September 20:  first assessment. 
    1611 March 20:  second assessment. 


1621:  two subsidies, to be levied over two years.  [pp.179-80]
        Goods: 2s8d/1s4d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 4s/1s4d per pound over £1. 
    1621 March 31:  first assessment. 
    1621 August 31:  first part of second assessment. 
    1622 February 28:  second part of second assessment. 


1624:  three subsidies, to be levied over two years.  [pp.180-1]
        Goods: 2s8d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 4s per pound over £1. 
    1624 June 20:  first assessment. 
    1624 October 10:  second assessment. 
    1625 March 10:  third assessment. 


1625:  two subsidies, to be levied over two years.  [p.181]
        Goods: 2s8d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 4s per pound over £1. 
    1625 September 30:  first assessment. 
    1626 March 31:  second assessment. 


1628:  five subsidies, to be levied over two years.  [pp.186-7]
        Goods: 2s8d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 4s per pound over £1. 
    1628 June 30:  first and second assessments. 
    1628 September 20:  third assessment. 
    1628 November 30:  fourth assessment. 
    1629 February 10:  fifth assessment. 


1640:  four subsidies, to be levied over two years.  [pp.190-1]
        Goods: 5s4d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 8s per pound over £1. 
    1641 February 27:  first and second assessment. 
    1641 April 1:  third and fourth assessment. 


1641:  two subsidies, to be levied together.  [pp.191-2]
        Goods: 5s4d per pound over £3. 
        Lands: 8s per pound over £1. 
    1641 October 20:  assessment.