Lerner and Mindell (2005 Corrections)

Several typos were discovered in this publication and reported to me.  Several relevant references were also passed on to me and are described below.  Our findings agree with those of these other relevant studies.  Students of Accipitridae phylogenetics and taxonomy may find it useful to compare these manuscripts.  Changes to the published manuscript are in bold.  I pass them on here in the spirit they were reported:  science is an ever-evolving, peer-reviewed process that builds on the foundations laid by successive generations of scientists.  Thanks to all who offered insights, discussion and corrections of the published manuscript (Martin J. Riesing, Robert Prys-Jones, Bill Clark, and Michael Wink).  A special thanks to those who make their sequences available on Genbank, a service that enables comparative work and better peer-evaluation of genetic data.

1.  Introduction:
* Page 330:  Descriptions of two molecular phylogenetic studies and their corresponding references have been corrected below (Gamauf and Haring 2004 described the Perninae kites, while Riesing et al. 2003 found polyphyly of the genus Buteo).
"There are no previously published molecular studies that include representatives of all of the Accipitridae subfamilies; however, several molecular studies have used mitochondrial DNA to examine particular Accipitridae subgroups and have found evidence for polyphyly of some traditionally recognized taxa (e.g., polyphyly of the genus Buteo, Riesing et al., 2003; and the Perninae kites, Gamauf and Haring, 2004)."

2.  Methods:
* Specimens loaned by the British Museum of Natural History (at Tring) should be prefaced with BMNH (not NHM-UK)
* Table 2 (Page 332) Reference ID's for two specimens are corrected here:  Hieraaetus kienerii   BMNH 1885.8.19.1331  (was printed as NHM-UK 1877.; Ictinaetus malayensis malayensis   BMNH 1932.12.21.35 (was printed as NHM-UK 1932.12.21.-35)

3.  Results:
* Page 339 The H. f. spilogaster individuals that we sampled were from South Africa and Zimbabwe, the Egyptian individual was of the species H. f. fasciatus (sample collection locations are correctly listed in Table 2).  Sentence corrected here:  "Here, we sampled two H. f. fasciatus individuals from India, one H. f. fasciatus individual from Egypt, two H. f. spilogaster individuals from South Africa, and one H. f. spilogaster from Zimbabwe.

4.  Discussion:
* Page 341 The order of the genera were switched in this sentence, giving the opposite meaning to that which was intended.  "Hieraaetus species appear
generally smaller than eagles in the genus Aquila, with a smaller bill, longer and more slender legs, and deeper emargination on primaries; however, these characters do not hold for all species in these genera.

* (page 334) An egregious oversight, these sentences should be added to the acknowledgements:  "The Philippine Eagle Foundation went to great lengths to provide samples for this study.  Without these samples we could not have confirmed the outstanding relationship between the Philippine eagle and Old World snake eagles (rather than other harpy eagles).  The Philippine Department of Environment and Natural Resources graciously granted permits for transfer of the Philippine Eagle blood and feather samples."

Author's note:
Relevant Reference
* Page 33x In comparing our results to an article published after this manuscript was accepted, we emphasized the concordance between our results and those of Helbig et al (2005) as well as highlighting the genetic dissimilarity between the cyt-b sequences for Aquila pomarina published in each study.  Morphologic disparity among subspecies of A. pomarina was identified by Parry et al. (2002, Ibis), such that they suggested species status for each subspecies of A. pomarina.   Concordance between morphologic and genetic data has not been published to our knowledge.  Therefore, we maintain that "This large sequence divergence between two specimens from separate populations of the same species suggests that further study of the populations of this species is warranted."  As relevant and valuable as the work of Parret al al is, we were only able to add an author's note after acceptance of the manuscript and could not introduce another reference.

Michael Wink's group has studied and published on molecular phylogenetics of the Accipitridae.  Not all of those studies were cited in this manuscript.  Please visit his homepage to view relevant references:  http://www.uni-heidelberg.de/institute/fak14/ipmb/phazb/indexengl.html