Fall 2003: Epidemiology Data in Michigan
NATIVE AMERICAN CONCEPTS
Native American Definitions | Maps
Tribes by State
American Factfinder | Data Files | Geography
Minority Calculation | Subjects | Technical Documentation
UPDATING THE CENSUS
Population Estimates | American Community Survey | IPUMS
CDC Wonder | Indian Health Service | Statistical Universe
Citations | Excel | Further Help
|200 Alaskan Athabascan alone
201 Alaskan Athabascan alone or in any combination
202 Aleut alone
203 Aleut alone or in any combination
204 Apache alone
205 Apache alone or in any combination
206 Blackfeet alone
207 Blackfeet alone or in any combination
208 Cherokee alone
209 Cherokee alone or in any combination
210 Cheyenne alone
211 Cheyenne alone or in any combination
212 Chickasaw alone
213 Chickasaw alone or in any combination
214 Chippewa alone
215 Chippewa alone or in any combination
216 Choctaw alone
217 Choctaw alone or in any combination
218 Colville alone
219 Colville alone or in any combination
221 Comanche alone or in any combination
222 Cree alone
223 Cree alone or in any combination
224 Creek alone
225 Creek alone or in any combination
226 Crow alone
227 Crow alone or in any combination
228 Delaware alone
229 Delaware alone or in any combination
230 Eskimo alone
231 Eskimo alone or in any combination
232 Houma alone
233 Houma alone or in any combination
234 Iroquois alone
235 Iroquois alone or in any combination
236 Kiowa alone
237 Kiowa alone or in any combination
238 Latin American Indian alone
239 Latin American Indian alone or in any combination
241 Lumbee alone or in any combination
242 Menominee alone
243 Menominee alone or in any combination
244 Navajo alone
245 Navajo alone or in any combination
246 Osage alone
247 Osage alone or in any combination
248 Ottawa alone
249 Ottawa alone or in any combination
250 Paiute alone
251 Paiute alone or in any combination
252 Pima alone
253 Pima alone or in any combination
254 Potawatomi alone
255 Potawatomi alone or in any combination
256 Pueblo alone
257 Pueblo alone or in any combination
258 Puget Sound Salish alone
259 Puget Sound Salish alone or in any combination
261 Seminole alone or in any combination
262 Shoshone alone
263 Shoshone alone or in any combination
264 Sioux alone
265 Sioux alone or in any combination
266 Tlingit-Haida alone
267 Tlingit-Haida alone or in any combination
268 Tohono O'Odham alone
269 Tohono O'Odham alone or in any combination
270 Ute alone
271 Ute alone or in any combination
272 Yakama alone
273 Yakama alone or in any combination
274 Yaqui alone
275 Yaqui alone or in any combination
276 Yuman alone
277 Yuman alone or in any combination
Marital status, housing value and rent in the 1990 Census appear as sample data in the 2000 Census. Grandparents as caregivers added. Condominium housing, water and sewer dropped in the 2000. Multiple races possible in 100% portion of the 2000 Census; data may not be comparable to previous years.
|Household relationship||Tenure (owner or rented)||Household relationship||Tenure (owner or rented)|
|Sex||Units in structure||Sex|
(one race only)
|Rooms in unit||Race|
|Hispanic origin||Vacancy characteristics||Hispanic origin|
|Age||Value of home||Age|
|Marital status||Rent paid|
|Units in structure|
|Rooms in unit|
|Marital status||Value of home|
|Grandparents as caregivers||Rent paid|
|School enrollment||Year structure built||School enrollment||Year structure built|
|Educational attainment||Year moved into residence||Educational attainment||Year moved into residence|
|State or foreign country of birth||Source of water||State or foreign country of birth|
|Citizenship and year of immigration||Sewage disposal||Citizenship and year of immigration|
|Language spoken at home||Heating fuel||Language spoken at home||Heating fuel|
|Ancestry||Plumbing and kitchen facilities||Ancestry||Plumbing and kitchen facilities|
|Place of residence 5 years ago||Number of bedrooms||Place of residence 5 years ago||Number of bedrooms|
|Veteran status||Farm residence||Veteran status||Farm residence|
|Labor force status||Vehicles available||Labor force status||Vehicles available|
|Place of work||Shelter costs||Place of work||Shelter costs|
|Journey to work||Condominium status||Journey to work|
|Class of worker||Class of worker|
|Work experience in 1989||Work experience in 1999|
|Income/poverty in 1989||Income/poverty in 1999|
|Year last worked|
Key factors to research: age, race, sex, the elderly, income and poverty, unemployment, industry, occupation, and type of disability (e.g. mobility limitation). The Census does not cover deaths in a given year or individual disabilities such as being quadriplegic.
Definitions for the 2000 Census appear in the Appendix B and a sample questionnaire in Appendix D of the Summary File 3 Technical Documentation
- Multiple Races. The 2000 Census permitted people to choose multiple races. They are tabulated into six categories: white; black or African-American, American Indian or Alaska native; Asian; native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, and Other. The Arab population is considered white. Most tables also have a seventh category named Two or More Races. Approximately 2-3% of all people reported multiple races in the 2000 Census Many people believe the 2000 racial data is not comparable to 1990.
There were only five (rather than seven) standard tabulations in 1990. These include white, black, Asian or Pacific Islander (Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Guamanian, Hawaiian, Japanese, Korean, Samoan, Vietnamese, other) American Indian (or Alaska Native) and other.
- Hispanic. Hispanic is not a race so is usually covered in a separate table. Some tables provide data for Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and other. The Hispanic question was asked after the racial question in 1990. Many of the numbers in "Other Race" can be attributed to Hispanics. The Hispanic question was asked before the racial question in 2000 so may be more accurate.
- Calculating Minorities
- Non-Hispanic White
- Non-Hispanic White
= Hispanic White
+ Black Alone
+ American Indian Alone
+ Asian Alone
+ Hawaiian/PI Alone
+ Other Alone
+ Two + Races
- Labor Force. Labor force participation includes people who have jobs or want them. Reasons for not participating in the labor force include age, disability, family matters, retirement, school enrollment, etc.
- Unemployment. Unemployment is calculated by dividing the people who want jobs but don't have them by the labor force.
- Income. Income is calculated for households (families, people living alone, people living together but not related), families (related by blood or marriage), individuals, and per capita (including children).
- Median = half below level and half above level; Mean = average.
- Poverty. Poverty rates are calculated by the Census Bureau using the family income and size of the family. See http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/threshld/thresh99.html
- Group Quarters. The category includes institutionalized people (nursing homes, mental institutions, prisons) and non-institutionalized people (college dorms and military quarters).
In addition, an Urban Cluster is a densely settled area of 2,500 to 50,000 persons, and an Urbanized Area is a densely settled area of over 50,000. It is possible to have urban clusters outside metropolitan areas, and rural sections within a metropolitan area.
Summary File 1 Subjects Geography Race Household relationship
Age, including single years
Housing owner/renter occupied
All levels to block
Some details limited to tract
Seven Major Racial Groups
Summary File 2 Subjects Geography Race Household relationship
Housing owner/renter occupied
Extremely detailed cross classifications by 250 races
All levels to census tract
Must have 100 of race in area
132 races, 78 Native American tribal categories (39 tribal groups), 39 Hispanic groups. Best for Epidem 552
Summary File 3 Subjects Geography Race Subjects in SF 1 in less detail
Grandparents as caregivers
State or foreign country of birth
Citizenship and year of immigration
Language spoken at home
Place of residence 5 years ago
Labor force status
Place of work
Journey to work
Class of worker
Work experience in 1999
Income and poverty in 1999
Housing units in structure
Rooms in unit
Value of home
Year structure built
Year moved into residence
Plumbing and kitchen facilities
Number of bedrooms
Monthly shelter costs
All levels to block group
Racial breakdowns only at tract level
Seven Major Racial Groups
Summary File 4 Subjects Geography Race Subjects covered in Summary File 3
Detailed cross classifications by race and ancestry
All levels to census tract 132 races, 78 Native American tribal categories (39 tribal groups), 39 Hispanic groups and 86 ancestries. Best for Epidem 552
American Indian/Native American File Subjects Geography Race Subjects covered in Summary Files 1 and 3 Nation, states, metro areas and AIAN homelands. 1081 AIAN tribes
Demographic Profiles Subjects Geography Brief data in SF1, SF2, SF3, and SF4
U.S., states, counties, places, MCDs, MSAs, Native American areas, and 106th Congress Districts
Summary File 1 Technical Documentation
Summary File 2 Technical Documentation
Summary File 3 Technical Documentation http://www.census.gov/prod/cen20000/doc/sf3.pdf
The documentation is divided into the following pages:
- Chapter 1: Title and Abstract
- Chapter 2: How to Use This Documentation
- Chapter 3: Subject Locator
- Chapter 4: Summary Level Sequence
- Chapter 5: List of Tables
- Chapter 6: Summary Table Outlines
- Chapter 7: Data Dictionary
Also subdivided into segments
- Geographic Record Codes
- Population Tables P1-P160I
- Population Tables PCT1-PC76L
- Housing Tables H1-HCT48I
- Chapter 8: Accuracy of the Data
- Chapter 9: User Notes and Updates
- Appendix A: Geographic Terms
- Appendix B: Subject Definitions
- Appendix C: Data Collection and Processing
- Appendix D: Questionnaire
- Appendix E: Data Products and User Assistance
- Appendix F: Maps
- Appendix G: CODE LISTS
- Group Quarters
- States and Foreign Countries
Summary File 4 http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/sf4.pdf
Data Sets is the major data access point. It includes links to 2000 and 1990 Decennial Censuses, American Community Survey, and 1997 Economic Census.
- With DATA SETS, you have the option of choosing Summary File 1, 2, 3 or 4. Summary Files 2 and 4 are best for your purposes.
- Within any SUMMARY FILE, there are several types of files:
- Quick Tables: one subject for one geography. These are comparable to the Demographic Profiles.
- Geographic Comparison Tables: one subject for multiple geographies (tracts in county)
- Thematic Maps
- Detailed Data - most detailed information; must download entire table
- Custom Tables - can download parts of one table or mix and match tables.
- DETAILED DATA and CUSTOM TABLES provide subject and keyword searching for the tables but subject searching is usually the easiest.
- PCT and HCT tables are more detailed than the P and H tables in terms of age, race, and subject breakdowns. Search results should be highlighted and ADDED to the box.
- Geography can be chosen through LIST GEOGRAPHY, GEOGRAPHY WITHIN GEOGRAPHY, PLACE NAME SEARCHING, and ADDRESS SEARCHING. LIST GEOGRAPHY provides geographies one level down: e.g. blocks groups in one tract. GEO WITHIN GEO shows geography at least two levels down, e.g. all block groups in county.
- Tables can be altered through THE LOCATIONAL BREADCRUMB AT THE TOP OF THE PAGE, and then changing the table, geography, or data set.
- OPTIONS provides the geographic coding for a given table. RELATED ITEMS links to thematic maps and other data sets.
Data can be downloaded in comma-delimited and tab delimited formats, as is or with columns and rows transposed. All four formats label the rows and columns. Tables can also be downloaded in a comma delimited format ready for manipulation with large statistical packages. The rows and columns have coded rather than alphabetic headers.
Geographic Area: U.S., states, counties, places, census tracts, block groups, and blocks.
Time Period: 2000.
UPDATING THE CENSUS
- Native American Data Availability: 2006
- There is some social and economic data for the 14 Native American reservations listed in the American Community Survey, 2006, (below). The majority, though not all, of the residents on a particular reservation will be members of the tribe.
- Five-year age groups by sex for Native Americans as a whole is available for counties in American Factfinder/Data Sets/2000 Census Summary File 1 Click on Choose All Geographic Types/American Indian Reservations/By County. Example.
- There MAY be SOME social and economic characteristics available for individual tribes (e.g. Navajo, Chippewa) on a national basis through the American Community Survey's Public Use Microdata Samples.
- Population Estimates http://www.census.gov/popest/datasets.html
- Annual estimates of the population by large racial groups (including Native American as a whole) by five-year age groups, race and sex for the nation, states, and counties. Go to middle of the page for county estimates and then choose state. Use the file layout to manipulate your spreadsheet. EXAMPLE
- American Community Survey. (http://factfinder.census.gov/)
- Annual sample survey of the public with questions very similar to the 2000 Census sample questionnaire. Data is cumulated on a rolling basis and will eventually replace the 2010 sample questionnaire. Access is primarily through American Factfinder/Data Sets.
- The 2005 survey provides data for the U.S. and states as well as counties, groups of counties (pumas), and cities over 65,000 in population. The 2005-2007 tables include places over 20,000. There is also data for the following Native American Reservations in the 2005-2007 survey:
Adais Caddo SDTSA, LA
Agua Caliente Indian Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust, CA
Apache Choctaw SDTSA, LA Cherokee OTSA, OK
Cherokees of Southeast Alabama SDAISA, AL
Cheyenne-Arapaho OTSA, OK
Chickaloon ANVSA, AL
Chickasaw OTSA, OK
Choctaw OTSA, OK
Citizen Potawatomi Nation-Absentee Shawnee OTSA, OK
Coharie SDAISA, NC
Creek OTSA, OK
Echota Cherokee SDAISA, AL
Flathead Reservation, MT
Four Winds Cherokee SDAISA, LA
Isabella Reservation, MI
Jena Band of Choctaw TDSA, LA
Kaw/Ponca joint-use OTSA, OK Kenaitze ANVSA, AK
Kickapoo OTSA, OK
Kiowa-Comanche-Apache-Fort Sill Apache OTSA, OK
Knick ANVSA, AK
Lumbee SDAISA, NC
MaChis Lower Creek, SDTSA, AL
Nanticoke Indian Tribe SDTSA, DE
Navajo Nation Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land, AZ--NM--UT
Oneida (WI) Reservation, WI
Osage Reservation, OK
Puyallup Reservation, WA
Sac and Fox OTSA, OK
Samish TDSA, WA
Seminole OTSA, OK
Unitah and Ouray Reservation, UT
United Houma Nation SDAISA, LA
Wind River Reservation, WY
Yakama Nation Reservation, WA
- Data for places over 20,000 will be available in 2008; for census tracts in 2010.
- American Community Survey Integrated Public Use Microdata Samples (http://usa.ipums.org/usa/sda/).
- These are raw data files from the American Community Survey, which you can use to tabulate your own variables. The data for most tribes is at a national level only. Options for using them:
- IPUMS Public Use Software. You will choose your variables on the lefthand side of the screen and filter for a particular tribe. See Example 1 and Example 2.
- Contact the University of Michigan Documents Center (firstname.lastname@example.org or Spatial and Numeric Data Service (email@example.com) for personalized assistance using PDQ Explore.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Data and Statistics. (http://www.cdc.gov/DataStatistics/
Comprehensive guide to health disease, health habits, and hospitalizations. Main page arranged by subject (briths, chronic disease indicators, lyme disease, etc). Tabs at the bottom link to the CDC's major surveys and microdata, including National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, National Health Interview Survey, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, and National Hospital Discharge Survey. Always check survey codebooks to determine if data available by race or tribe.
CDC Wonder. (http://wonder.cdc.gov/)
This particular CDC web site is focused on disease, including mortality, natality, AIDS, STDs, fluoridation, Census. Some data broken down by state or local area (e.g. death of black women by age and county and disease) or American Indian (leading causes of death, cancer, AIDS, natality, tuberculosis. EXAMPLE 1 and EXAMPLE 2. In Arizona, the Navajo Reservation covers Apache, Coconino and Navajo Counties while the Tohono O'Oodham live in Maricopa, Pima and Pinal Counties.
Geographic Area: U.S., states, and counties.
Time Period: 1979 to present.
Indian Health Service. (http://www.ihs.gov/)
Statistical data scattered throughout web site. The statistical section is in the process of being redesigned so some current material may be missing. The index page page is: http://www.ihs.gov/NonMedicalPrograms/IHS_Stats/index.cfm?module=hqPub&option=index
Statistical Universe. ((http://web.lexis-nexis.com/statuniv/) (U Mich Only)
Indexes federal government statistical tables since 1974, business and state government publications since 1980, and international agency publications since 1983. FIND A TABLE indexes over 400,000 statistical tables by title, row or column and provides gif or xls access to the table. Keyword approach includes category searches (by type of geographic area, economic factor, or demographic characteristic). FIND A PUBLICATION has similar indexes but covers a wider range of publications. If you identify a title not linked to the full text, try searching for it in Google's Uncle Sam [http://www.google.com/ig/usgov] or MIRLYN. All publications are available on microfiche in the Documents Center.
Geographic Area: Foreign, international, U.S., state, county, city, census tract, zip code, block group.
Time Period: Primarily 1973+
Citation Sources for Census and Online Data
- APA Format (Purdue)
- Census Bureau
- Government Publications (Memphis)
Excel for Census Data Users
Illustrated guide to using Excel, including transposing rows and columns, ranking and filtering data, converting Adobe Acrobat files into Excel.
Subject Librarian Phone Census Jennifer Green firstname.lastname@example.org 615-7419 Health Research Gillian Mayman email@example.com 615-1516 Mapping/GIS Nicole Scholtz firstname.lastname@example.org 936-2932 Statistical Manipulation/GIS Jennifer Green email@example.com 615-7419
Grace York, Coordinator, Documents Center
The University of Michigan Library
Since July 16, 1999 this page has been accessed