Publications, Data, & Research Materials


Robert J. Franzese, Jr.

Professor, Department of Political Science,

Research Professor, Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research

The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor


Last Updated: 24 June 2011


·      Books:

o  Modeling and Interpreting Interactive Hypotheses in Regression Analyses (w/ Cindy D. Kam), U. Michigan Press, 2007.

§  Datasets, Stata Code, Excel Spreadsheets for all tables and figures in the book.

o  Macroeconomic Policies of Developed Democracies, Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics, Cambridge University Press, 2002.

§  Outline Overview of the Book

§  Web Appendix: Additional data, figures, results, and discussion that fulfill various promises of same made in the text.

§  Data Appendices: Describes construction of the inequality index (income skew), party left-right codes, governments’ partisan center of gravity, electoral-cycle indicator, central-bank autonomy and conservatism index, and coordination of wage/price bargaining index.

§  Methodological Appendices: Very briefly discuss unit roots in time-series-cross-section (TSCS) data, interpreting interactive terms in linear regression, and vector autoregression in TSCS data. Describe and provide a GAUSS procedure for estimating panel-corrected standard-errors in non-rectangular TSCS data with missing values and an E-Views procedure for estimating cross-validated standard errors in TSCS data.

§  Data: (Country Codes in OECD order: 1=US, 2=Japan, 3=(West) Germany, 4=France, 5=Italy, 6=U.K., 7=Canada, 8=Austria, 9=Belgium, 10=Denmark, 11=Finland, 12=Greece, 13=Ireland, 14=Netherlands, 15=Norway, 16=Portugal, 17=Spain, 18=Sweden, 19=Switzerland, 20=Australia, 21=New Zealand)

·        Data Files, Complete Results, Tables and Figures in Lotus 1-2-3 Format

·        Data Files Only in Excel Format

·        Participation, Inequality, and Transfers Data Base (Chapter 2) (ASCII Text Format: *.TXT; other formats available under related-title entry below)

·        The Political Economy of Public Debt Data Base (Chapter 3) (ASCII Text Format: *.TXT; other formats available under related-title entry below)

·        CBI, CWB, and Sectoral-Structure Data Base (Chapter 4) (ASCII Text Format: *.TXT; other formats available under related-title entries below)

§  Nominated for William H. Riker Award for best book on political economy, 2002-2003, APSA Organized Section on Political Economy.

o  (Co-Editor) Institutional Conflicts and Complementarities: Monetary Policy and Wage Bargaining Institutions in EMU, P. Mooslechner, M. Schuerz, R. Franzese, eds., Kluwer Academic Press, 2003.

o  (Co-Editor) Wage Bargaining with EMU, Special Issue of Empirica: Journal of Applied Economics and Economic Policy 28(4) (w/ Peter Mooslechner, Martin Schuerz), 2001.

 

·      Journal Articles:

o  The Multiple Effects of Multiple Policymakers: Veto Actors Bargaining in Common Pools Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica  40(3): 341-69, 2010.

§   Data & Code for implementation and replication (Lotus 1-2-3 and E-Views formats).

o  A Spatial Model Incorporating Dynamic, Endogenous Network Interdependence: A Political Science Application (w/ Jude C. Hays & Aya Kachi), Statistical Methodology 7(3): 406-28, 2010.

§  Web Appendix: Contains an extended topically organized reference list for applied spatial-econometric modeling in social science, emphasizing political science; a brief description of the intellectual-historical genesis of Galton’s Problem; a brief discussion elaborating upon Anselin’s (2002, 2006) distinction of spatial-econometric & spatial-statistical approaches to spatial analysis; analytic and simulation results demonstrating that the S-ML estimator described and applied in the text perform well and greatly outperform simpler least-squares estimators; additional network-estimates graphs from the illustrative empirical analysis; and a complete citation list for the paper and the appendix.

§  Data and Code for implementation and replication (Stata format).

o  Interdependence in Comparative Politics: Substance, Theory, Empirics, Substance (w/ Jude C. Hays), Comparative Political Studies “Frontiers of Comparative Politics: 40th Anniversary Issue” 41(4/5):742-80, 2008.

§  Web Appendix: Contains an extended topically organized reference list for applied spatial-econometric modeling in social and political science; a brief description of the intellectual origins of Galton’s Problem; a brief discussion elaborating upon Anselin’s (2002, 2006) distinction of spatial-econometric & spatial-statistical approaches to spatial analysis; a formal-theoretical model of capital-tax competition (Persson & Tabellini 2000:ch. 12); analytic results for the biases of least-squares estimators of spatial-lag models; additional technical exposition of appropriate moment and likelihood estimators for spatial-lag models; and a complete citation list for the paper and the appendix.

§  Data and Code for implementation and replication (Stata format, except Steinmo & Swank reanalysis in Matlab format).

o  Spatial-Econometric Models of Cross-Sectional Interdependence in Political-Science Panel and Time-Series-Cross-Section Data (w/ Jude C. Hays), Political Analysis 15(2):140-64, 2007.

§  Data and Code for implementation and replication (Matlab format).

o  Strategic Interaction among EU Governments in Active-Labor-Market Policymaking: Subsidiarity and Policy Coordination under the European Employment Strategy (w/ Jude C. Hays), European Union Politics 7(2):167-89, 2006.

§  Data and Code for implementation and replication (Matlab format).

§  Sage Award for Best Article Published in European Union Politics in 2006, Volume 7.

o  Adaptive Management of the Global Climate Problem: Bridging the Gap between Climate Research and Climate Policy (w/ J Arvai, G Bridge, N Dolsak, T Koontz, A Luginbuhl, P Robbins, K Richards, KS Korfmacher, B Sohngen, J Tansey, A Thompson), Climatic Change 78(1):217-25, 2006.

o  Empirical Strategies for Various Manifestations of Multilevel Data,” Political Analysis 13(4):430-46, 2005.

§  Web Appendix: extremely brief elaboration on within, between, and shrinkage estimators.

§  Warren E. Miller Award for Best Paper Published in Political Analysis in 2005, Vol. 13, Awarded by the Society for Political Methodology, Organized Section of the American Political Science Association.

o  Multiple Hands on the Wheel: Empirically Modeling Partial Delegation and Shared Control of Monetary Policy in the Open and Institutionalized Economy,” Political Analysis 11(4):445-74, 2003 (original submission = extended version, with additional analyses and results).

§  Data: All data used in the paper (*.xls format).

o  Electoral and Partisan Cycles in Economic Policies and Outcomes,” Annual Reviews of Political Science, Vol. 5: 369-421, 2002.

o  Comparative Institutional Advantage: The Scope for Divergence within European Economic Integration (w/ James Mosher), European Union Politics 3(2):177-204, 2002.

o  Strategic Interactions of Monetary Policymakers and Wage/Price Bargainers: A Review with Implications for the European Common-Currency Area,” Empirica: Journal of Applied Economics and Economic Policy 28(4): 457-86, 2001.

o  Wage Bargaining Under EMU (w/ Peter Mooslechner, Martin Schuerz), introduction to Empirica: Journal of Applied Economics and Economic Policy 28(4): 321-3, 2001.

o  Partially Independent Central Banks, Politically Responsive Governments, and Inflation,” American Journal of Political Science 43(3): 681-706, 1999.

§  (Original submission = extended version, with additional analyses and results: “Two Hands on the Wheel: Independent Central Banks, Politically Responsive Governments, & Inflation”)

§  Pi Sigma Alpha Award for best paper, MPSA 1998; Nominated for the Robert H. Durr Award for best paper applying quantitative methods to a substantive problem, MPSA 1998

§  All data  necessary to replicate the article’s results; Data Appendix/Codebook: Data appendix to article, which also serves as codebook to data; Archive: Zip archive of both paper versions, data, and codebook.

o  Mixed Signals: Central Bank Independence, Coordinated Wage-Bargaining, and European Monetary Union (with Peter A. Hall), International Organization 52(3): 505-36, 1998.

§  Gregory Leubbert Award for best published article in comparative politics 1997/98, awarded by the Comparative Politics Organized Section of APSA.

§  Data: All data employed in the paper; Archive: Archive file of papers & data; Replication Archive: Gauss Data and Procedures to Replicate Results (you will need the PCSE command file below also).

§  German translation & reprint: “Uneinheitliche Signale: Zentralbankunabhängigkei und koordinierte Lohnaushandlung in der Europäischen Währungsunion,” in Martin Höpner & Armin Schäfer, eds., Die Politische Ökonomie der Europäischen Integration, Frankfurt/New York: Campus Verlag, 2008, pp. 369-405 (translation: Martin Höpner).

§  Afterword, reflections 10 years on: “Die Europäische Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion als Work in Progress,” in Martin Höpner & Armin Schäfer, eds., Die Politische Ökonomie der Europäischen Integration, Frankfurt/New York: Campus Verlag, 2008, pp. 407-413 (translation: Martin Höpner).

 

·      Chapters:

o  Empirical Modeling of Spatial Interdependence in Time-Series Cross-Sections (w/ Jude C. Hays) in S. Pickel, G. Pickel, H-J. Lauth, D. Jahn, eds., Methoden der vergleichenden Politik- und Sozialwissenschaft: Neue Entwicklungen und Anwendungen. (Methods of Comparative Political and Social Science: New Developments & Applications), Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag, 2009, pp. 233-62. (No new data & code to replicate; see Comparative Political Studies article for data & code for application in the chapter.)

o  Empirical Models of Spatial Interdependence (w/ Jude C. Hays) in Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology, J. Box-Steffensmeier, H. Brady, D. Collier, eds., Oxford University Press, 2008, pp. 570-604.

§  NOTE: This version corrects a pair of errors in the published version, regarding equations (14) and (15), the robust LM test-statistics for spatial-lag and spatial-error models. Just the corrections are given here.

§  Data and Code for implementation and replication (Matlab format).

o  Inequality & Unemployment, Redistribution & Insurance, and Participation: A Theoretical Model and an Empirical System of Endogenous Equations (w/ Jude C. Hays) in Democracy, Inequality, and Representation, P. Beramendi & C. Anderson, eds., Russell Sage, 2008, pp. 232-77.

§  Data, Presentation Figures & Tables, and Code for implementation and replication (Excel and Stata formats).

o  Multi-Causality, Context-Conditionality, and Endogeneity,” in Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics, C. Boix, S. Stokes, eds., Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 27-72.

§  Also Circulated under Title: “Context Matters: The Challenge of Multi-Causality, Context-Conditionality, and Endogeneity for Empirical Research in Comparative Politics”

o  Fiscal Policy with Multiple Policymakers: Veto Actors and Deadlock; Collective Action and Common Pools; Delegation, Bargaining, and Compromise,” in Veto Players and Policy Change, Hideko Magara, ed., Waseda University Press, 2007, pp. 118-61 (in Japanese; translation to which by: Hiroshi Tsukada).

§  Japanese Citation: ロバート・J. フランツェーゼ,Jr.著「複数の政策決定者を伴う財政政策-拒否権アクターとデッドロック,集合行為と共有資源,交渉と妥協-」,眞柄秀子・井戸正伸編『拒否権プレイヤーと政策転換』早稲田大学出版部,2007年,118-61頁。

§  Data, Presentation Figures & Tables, and Code for implementation and replication (Lotus 1-2-3 and E-Views formats).

o  Empirical Models of International Capital-Tax Competition (w/ Jude C. Hays) in International Taxation Handbook, G. Gregoriou, C. Read, eds., Elsevier Press, 2007, pp. 43-72.

o  Political-Economic Cycles (w/ Karen Long Jusko) in Oxford Handbook of Political Economy, D. Wittman, B. Weingast, eds., Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 545-64.

o  Strategic Interactions of the ECB, Wage Bargainers, and Governments: A Review of Theory, Evidence, and Recent Experience,” in Institutional Conflicts and Complementarities: Monetary Policy and Wage Bargaining Institutions in EMU, P. Mooslechner, M. Schuerz, R. Franzese, eds., Kluwer, 2004: 5-42.

o  Participation, Veto Actors, and Policy Responsiveness in the Evolution and Reform of Health Care in Developed Democracies,” in Fukusi Saiken No Seijigaku (Reconstructing the Welfare State), Hideko Magara, ed., 2003, forthcoming from Routledge.

§  Data, Presentation Figures & Tables, and Code for implementation and replication (Lotus 1-2-3 and E-Views formats).

o  Adaptive Management and Capacity Approaches to Global Climate Change: Local, National, Regional, and Global Political Considerations,” in ARGCC: Adaptive Research & Governance in Climate Change: Proceedings for the Workshop on the Human Dimensions of Policy Change, May 2003, pp. 79-91.

o  Institutional and Sectoral Interactions in Monetary Policy and Wage-Price Bargaining,” in Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage, P. Hall and D. Soskice, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2001, pp. 104-44. (Chinese translation available from SDX Publishers).

§  Nominated for The Westview Press Award for best paper by a graduate student, MPSA 1994.

§  Data: (Country Codes in OECD order: 1=US, 2=Japan, 3=(West) Germany, 4=France, 5=Italy, 6=U.K., 7=Canada, 8=Austria, 9=Belgium, 10=Denmark, 11=Finland, 12=Greece, 13=Ireland, 14=Netherlands, 15=Norway, 16=Portugal, 17=Spain, 18=Sweden, 19=Switzerland, 20=Australia, 21=New Zealand)

·        CBI, CWB, and Sectoral Structure Data Base in Lotus 1-2-3 (97) Workbook Format. CBI, CWB, and Sectoral Structure Data Base in Lotus 1-2-3 (*.WK1) Worksheet Format. CBI, CWB, and Sectoral Structure Data Base in Microsoft Excel (*.XLS) Worksheet Format. CBI, CWB, and Sectoral Structure Data Base ASCII Text Format (*.TXT).

o  Electoral and Partisan Manipulation of Public Debt in Developed Democracies, 1956-1990,” in Institutions, Politics and Fiscal Policy, R. Strauch, J. Von Hagen, eds., Kluwer Academic Press, 2000, pp. 61-83.

§  Data: (Country Codes in OECD order: 1=US, 2=Japan, 3=(West) Germany, 4=France, 5=Italy, 6=U.K., 7=Canada, 8=Austria, 9=Belgium, 10=Denmark, 11=Finland, 12=Greece, 13=Ireland, 14=Netherlands, 15=Norway, 16=Portugal, 17=Spain, 18=Sweden, 19=Switzerland, 20=Australia, 21=New Zealand)

·        The Political Economy of Public Debt Data Base in Lotus 1-2-3 (97) Workbook Format; The Political Economy of Public Debt Data Base in Lotus 1-2-3 *.wk1 Worksheet Format; The Political Economy of Public Debt Data Base in Microsoft Excel *.XLS Worksheet Format; The Political Economy of Public Debt Data Base in ASCII Text Format (*.TXT)

o  Institutional Dimensions of Coordinating Wage-Bargaining and Monetary Policy,” (w/ Peter A. Hall) in Unions, Employers, and Central Banks: Macroeconomic Coordination and Institutional Change in Social Market Economies, T. Iversen, J. Pontusson, D. Soskice, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp. 173-204.

§  Data: (Country Codes in OECD order: 1=US, 2=Japan, 3=(West) Germany, 4=France, 5=Italy, 6=U.K., 7=Canada, 8=Austria, 9=Belgium, 10=Denmark, 11=Finland, 12=Greece, 13=Ireland, 14=Netherlands, 15=Norway, 16=Portugal, 17=Spain, 18=Sweden, 19=Switzerland, 20=Australia, 21=New Zealand)

o  Credibly Conservative Monetary Policy and Labor-Goods Market Organization: A Review with Implications for ECB-Led Monetary Policy in Europe,” in The History of the Bundesbank: Lessons for the European Central Bank, J. de Haan, ed. Routledge, 2000, pp. 97-124.

 

·      Publications in Working Paper Series

o  The Effective Constituency in (Re)Distributive Politics: Geographic versus Partisan Bases of Democratic Representation (parts joint w/ Irfan Nooruddin), Juan March Institute Working Paper Series, 2004.

§  Finalist, Robert H. Durr Award for Best Empirical Application of Quantitative Methodology, MPSA ‘02.

o  Modeling International Diffusion: Inferential Benefits and Methodological Challenges, with an Application to International Tax Competition (w/ Jude C. Hays), Wissenschaftszentrum-Berlin SP II 2004 – 12, Jun 2004.

o  Mixed Signals: Central Bank Independence, Coordinated Wage-Bargaining, and European Monetary Union (w/ Peter A. Hall), U. Cal. Berkeley, Ctr. German and European Studies, Working Paper 1.55, September 1997.

o  Bargains, Games, and Relative Gains: Positional Concerns and International Cooperation (w/ Michael Hiscox), Harvard Center for International Affairs #95-4, Apr 1995.

o  Central Bank Independence, Coordinated Wage Bargaining, and Sectoral Structure,” Harvard Center for European Studies #56 1994 (reprinted: CES #95 1 1995).

§  Nominated for Westview Press Award for best paper by graduate student, 1994 MPSA.

 

·      Newsletter Contributions:

o  Contagion, Common Exposure, and Selection: Empirical Modeling of the Theories and Substance of Interdependence in Political Science (w/ Jude C. Hays), Concepts & Methods: Newsletter of the International Political Science Association 4(2):3-9, 2008.

§  Web Appendix: Contains an extended topically organized reference list for applied spatial-econometric modeling in social & political science & associated full citation list.

o  Quantitative Empirical Methods and Context Conditionality [extended original submission],” CP: Newsletter of the Comparative Politics Organized Section of the American Political Science Association 14(1): 20-24, 2003.

o  A GAUSS Procedure to Estimate Panel-Corrected Standard-Errors with Non-rectangular and/or Missing Data,” The Political Methodologist, 1996.

§  Procedure: PCSE Command File (*.CMD); Announcement: PCSE Documentation (*.PDF); Instructions: PCSE Instructions (*.TXT).

 

·      Book Reviews:

o  Duane Swank, Global Capital, Political Institutions, and Policy Change,” Political Science Quarterly 118(1):172-3, 2003.

o  Carles Boix, Political Parties, Growth and Equality: Conservative and Social Democratic Economic Strategies in the World Economy,” Comparative Political Studies 33(5):689-90, 2000.

o  Alberto Alesina and Nouriel Roubini with Gerald Cohen, Political Cycles and the Macroeconomy,” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 19(3): 501-9, 2000.

 

·      Conference Papers and Work in Progress:

o  Diagnosing, Modeling, Interpreting, & Leveraging Spatial Relationships in Time-Series-Cross-Section Data (Project Joint w/ Jude C. Hays):

§  Proposal: “Diagnosing, Modeling, Interpreting, and Leveraging Spatial Relationships in Time -Series-Cross-Section Data (w/ Jude C. Hays), NSF Proposal, Jan 2003.

§  Conference Paper: “Modeling Spatial Relationships in International and Comparative Political Economy: An Application to Globalization and Capital Taxation in Developed Democracies (w/ Jude C. Hays), MPSA 2003 (March).

§  Conference Paper: “Empirical Modeling Strategies for Spatial Interdependence: Omitted-Variable vs. Simultaneity Biases (w/ Jude C. Hays), PolMeth 2004 (July).

§  Conference Paper: “Modeling Spatial Interdependence in Comparative and International Political Economy with an Application to Capital Taxation (w/ Jude C. Hays), MPSA 2005 (April).

§  Conference Paper: “Spatial Econometric Modeling, with Application to Employment Spillovers and Active-Labor-Market Policies in the European Union (w/ Jude C. Hays), Groningen workshop “Partisan Politics, Political Autonomy, and Policy Harmonization across Europe” 2005 (May).

§  Conference Paper: “Calculating Spatiotemporal Dynamics and Effects (w/ Jude C. Hays), ECPR 2006 (April).

§  Conference Paper: “Spatio-Temporal Models for Political-Science Panel and Time-Series-Cross-Section Data (w/ Jude C. Hays), PolMeth 2006 (July).

§  Proposal: “Spatial-Econometric Models for Political & Social Sciences (w/ Jude C. Hays), NSF Proposal, Aug 2007.

§  Conference Paper: “Correlation in European Union Labor-Market Policies: Interdependence or Common Stimuli? (w/ Jude C. Hays), APSA 2007 (August).

§  Conference Paper: “Spatial Interdependence in Comparative and International Political Economy (w/ Jude C. Hays), Essex & CEPREMAP, March 2008.

·       Data and Code (Excel and Matlab formats) for ML estimation of spatiotemporal-lag models.

§  Proposal: “Spatial-Econometric Models for the Political and Social Sciences” (w/ Jude C. Hays), NSF Proposal, Aug 2008: Project Summary, Description, References, Appendix.

§  Conference Paper: “The Spatial Probit Model of Interdependent Binary Outcomes: Estimation, Interpretation, and Presentation (w/ Jude C. Hays), Public Choice Society 2009 (March) version.

·       Data and Code: Matlab and Stata code for spatial-probit estimation by RIS, also MatLab code for the RIS Monte Carlos and Stata data for the World War I entry-decision application.

§  Conference Paper: “An m-STAR Model of Dynamic, Endogenous Interdependence – a.k.a. Network-Behavior – in the Social Sciences” (w/ Jude C. Hays & Aya Kachi).

·       These two versions of the paper differ by intended audience, Network Analysts and Spatial Econometricians, respectively; what parts are explained in the paper and what parts are instead relegated to appendix differ accordingly.

·       For data and code, please see Statistical Methodology article above.

·       m-STAR for Political Networks 2009 (June) version, appendix to PolNet 2009 version.

·       m-STAR for Spatial Econometrics Association 2009 (June) version, appendix to SEA 2009 version.

§  Conference Paper: “A Comparison of the Small-Sample Properties of Several Estimators for Spatial-Lag Count-Models (w/ Jude C. Hays), PolMeth 2009 (July).

·       Data and Code: Matlab code and data to replicate application and Monte Carlo analyses in the paper.

§  Conference Paper: “History Dependence in Network-Behavior Coevolution: A Type-Interaction Model Merging Spatial-Econometric and Network-Analytic Approaches (w/ Jude C. Hays & Aya Kachi), PathDep 2010 & SEA 2010 (June), PolMeth 2010 (July).

·       Data and Code: Matlab and R code to replicate the Monte Carlo analyses of Siena in the paper. (The rest of the application and other Monte Carlos involve only logistic regression.)

·       Harold Gosnell Prize 2011 for the best work of political methodology presented at a political science conference, awarded by The Society for Political Methodology.

§  Conference Paper: “Spatial, Temporal, and Spatiotemporal Autoregressive Probit Models of Binary Outcomes: Estimation, Interpretation, and Presentation (w/ Jude C. Hays & Lena M. Schaffer), APSA 2010 (September) & EPSA 2011 (June).

·       Data and Code: Data and Matlab code to replicate the empirical and Monte Carlo analyses in the paper. (See also the earlier “Spatial Probit” paper above for additional Matlab and Stata code and data from the spatial probit application and analyses in that paper.)

§  Book Manuscript: Spatial-Econometric Models of Interdependence (w/ Jude C. Hays)

·       Just the Prospectus & Table of Contents, as of August 2010.

·       Chapters, Prospectus, & Table of Contents, as of August 2010.

o  Representation & Authority Allocation in Democratic Policymaking:

§  Proposal: “Empirical Implications of Theoretical Models (EITM) of Effective Democratic Representation: Electoral- and Party-Systemic Institutions, Structures, and Strategic Contexts,” NSF Proposal, July 2003.

§  Conference Paper: “Party Unity and the Effective Constituency in Distributive Politics (w/ Irfan Nooruddin & Karen Long Jusko), Mar 2007.

§  Conference Paper: “Multiple Policymakers: Veto Actors Bargaining in Common Pools,” Feb 2010.

§  Conference Paper: “Comparative Democratic Budgeteering: The Context-Conditionality of Policymakers’ Incentives and Capacities for Policy Manipulation,” Mar 2011.

§  Conference Paper: “Confronting the Endogeneity of Economy, Policy, and Politics: Inequality & Unemployment, Redistribution & Social Insurance, and Political Participation (w/ Jude C. Hays), Feb 2008.

·       For data and code, please see Democracy, Inequality, & Representation chapter above.

o  Other Conference Papers, Working Papers, & Work in Progress:

§  Conference Paper: “Estimating the Cost of Social Democracy by Regression Discontinuity Analysis of Close Elections (w/ Jude C. Hays), Nov 2007.

§  Conference Paper: “Trade Globalization, Politics, and the Choice of Policies and Institutions: Three Varieties of Institutional Divergence (w/ James Mosher), February 2003.

§  Conference Paper: “Political Participation, Income Distribution, and Public Transfers in Developed Democracies,” March 2002.

·       Data: (Country Codes in OECD order: 1=US, 2=Japan, 3=(West) Germany, 4=France, 5=Italy, 6=U.K., 7=Canada, 8=Austria, 9=Belgium, 10=Denmark, 11=Finland, 12=Greece, 13=Ireland, 14=Netherlands, 15=Norway, 16=Portugal, 17=Spain, 18=Sweden, 19=Switzerland, 20=Australia, 21=New Zealand)

o   Participation, Inequality, and Transfers Data Base in Lotus 1-2-3 (*.WK1) Worksheet Format; in Microsoft Excel (*.XLS) Worksheet Format; in ASCII Text Format (*.TXT).

§  Conference Paper: “The Positive Political Economy of Public Debt: An Empirical Examination of the OECD Postwar Experience through the 1990s,” Mar 2002.

·       Data: (Country Codes in OECD order: 1=US, 2=Japan, 3=(West) Germany, 4=France, 5=Italy, 6=U.K., 7=Canada, 8=Austria, 9=Belgium, 10=Denmark, 11=Finland, 12=Greece, 13=Ireland, 14=Netherlands, 15=Norway, 16=Portugal, 17=Spain, 18=Sweden, 19=Switzerland, 20=Australia, 21=New Zealand)

·        The Political Economy of Public Debt Data Base in Lotus 1-2-3 (97) Workbook Format; The Political Economy of Public Debt Data Base in Lotus 1-2-3 *.wk1 Worksheet Format; The Political Economy of Public Debt Data Base in Microsoft Excel *.XLS Worksheet Format; The Political Economy of Public Debt Data Base in ASCII Text Format (*.TXT)

§  Conference Paper: “Modeling and Interpreting Interactive Hypotheses in Regression Analysis (w/ Cindy Kam & Amaney Jamal), Sep 2001.

§  Conference Paper: “Democracy, Values, and Economic Development (w/ Sean Ehrlich, Tom Flores, Gil Krakowksy, Ron Inglehart), Aug 2000.

·       Nominated for the Best Paper in Religion and Politics presented at the 1999 APSA conference.