Oct 22, 2015 Filed in: Working papers
With S. Nageeb Ali and Yilin David Yang
Abstract: In a multilateral enforcement regime, a player who cheats on one partner is punished by many partners. But if partners can renegotiate in private, they can subvert the power of the multilateral punishment. We introduce a new notion of “bilateral renegotiation proofness” that applies to multilateral games with private monitoring. We show that while players’ ability to renegotiate bilaterally is socially costly, it is perhaps not as costly as one might expect. We study a single seller interacting with many buyers, as well as communities in which everyone interacts with everyone else. In both cases, as the number of participants grows, the proportional cost imposed by bilateral renegotiation declines, and vanishes in the limit.
Working paper 10/22/2015
Jul 07, 2015 Filed in: Working papers
With S. Nageeb Ali
Abstract: Many communities rely upon ostracism to enforce cooperation: if an individual shirks in one relationship, her innocent neighbors share information about her guilt in order to shun her, while continuing to cooperate among themselves. However, a strategic victim may herself prefer to shirk, rather than report others' deviations truthfully. If guilty players are to be permanently ostracized, then such deviations are so tempting that cooperation in any relationship is bounded by what the partners could obtain through bilateral enforcement. We show that ostracism can improve upon bilateral enforcement if it is tempered by forgiveness, through which guilty players are eventually readmitted to cooperative society.
Major update: Working paper 7/7/2015
Jul 29, 2011 Filed in: News
Nageeb Ali and I have been awarded a three-year grant from the National Science Foundation Economics Program, entitled “Enforcing Cooperation in Networked Societies.” Stay tuned for our first working paper soon (Update: now available), and lots of great projects to follow after that.
Abstract excerpt: The foundation of economic activity and growth is in the ability of individuals to trust and trade with each other over time. Throughout human history, much of economic activity occurs in realms where formal legal institutions are unwilling or unsuited to enforce cooperative behavior. A growing literature on informal enforcement suggests that the networked pattern of social relationships plays a key role in supporting cooperation: as information about past behavior diffuses through the network, an individual who deviates in a partnership is punished not only by her partner but also by those who come to learn about it. Our research program studies how communities enforce cooperation through their social networks.