Word

Word Family

Collocations

Example sentence

Synonyms

Antonyms

Other

apologize (v)

 

 

 

 

p.16 He apologized to his boss for sleeping at work instead of working,

 

 

 

 

appropriate (adj)

 

 

 

 

p.21. Guess their meaning from the context and replace them with an appropriate real word.

 

 

 

 

commerce (n)

 

 

 

 

p.21. I am here to talk about the possibilities for increased commerce between our two companies.

 

 

 

comprehension (n)

 

 

 

 

p.17. Being well-prepared helps comprehension.

 

 

 

 

corridor (n)

 

 

 

 

p.18. Öhe led John Taylor down

a long corridor and into a small room.

 

 

 

 

customs (n)

 

 

 

 

p.19 His plane arrived on time.  After going through customs and immigration control, he went to find the driver.

 

 

 

 

direct (adj)

 

 

p.16 The Managing Director of one of

Dubai's top hotels offered him a free room for the weekend.

 

 

 

 

 

 

discover (v)

 

 

 

 

16. Frank woke up and was homed to discover that the plane was in the air.

 

 

 

 

encourage (v)

 

 

 

 

19. He was sent by the Australian government to give a speech to French businessmen and women to encourage more trade.

 

 

 

 

 

events (n)

 

 

 

 

17. Where did the events happen?

 

 

 

 

 

 

examine (v)

 

 

 

 

p.16 Doctors examined him, but he was unhurt and was allowed to leave after a few hours.

 

 

 

 

exhausting (adj)

 

 

 

 

p.16 Last Friday night, after an exhausting day in the university library preparing for his final exams, Frank was loading a plane at the airport.

 

 

 

 

Word

Word Family

Collocations

Example sentence

Synonyms

Antonyms

Other

expect (v)

 

 

 

p.16 A twenty-three-year-old Dutch student has enjoyed a short but unexpected

holiday in Dubai.

 

p.16 John Taylor was expecting a driver to pick him up from the airport.

 

 

 

 

experienced (adj)

 

 

 

 

 

 

He was an experienced TOEFL exam-taker.  He had taken the TOEFL three times and failed each time.

 

inexperienced

 

explain (v)

 

 

 

 

p.16 Frank explained that he was very lucky

because it is possible to die of cold in the hold of an aircraft.

 

 

 

 

 

 

focus on (v)

 

 

 

 

p.17 Ask some questions (Who? Where?

Why? etc.) to help you predict the content and to focus on the information you need.

 

 

 

 

fortunately (adj)

 

 

 

 

Fortunately, the pilot pumped hot air into the cargo bay; so Frank Vreede didnít freeze on the flight to Dubai.

 

 

 

p.19 Unfortunately, Mr. Taylor did not speak French.

 

identify (v)

 

 

 

 

p.17 identify the part of speech.

 

 

 

 

 

 

illegible (adj)

 

 

 

p. 20 legible

His writing was illegible.

 

 

 

illogical (adj)

 

 

 

p.20 logical

His argument was illogical.

 

 

 

 

 

immature (adj)

 

 

 

p.20 mature

He was grown up, but he acted immature.

 

 

 

 

 

 

immediately (adj)

 

 

 

 

p.16 Luckily, a passenger heard the noise and called a flight attendant, who immediately informed the pilot.

 

 

 

 

 

 

immigration (n)

 

 

 

 

19. After going through customs and immigration control, he went to find the driver.

 

 

 

 

immobile (adj)

 

 

 

p.20 mobile

 

 

He was frightened that the skunk would let off its stinky smell;  so he stood immobile(he did not move)

 

 

 

Word

Word Family

Collocations

Example sentence

Synonyms

Antonyms

Other

impatient (adj)

 

 

patience is a virtue

patient

 

 

He felt impatient and wanted the line of cars to move more quickly.

 

 

 

impersonal (adj)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

inappropriate (adj)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

inform (v)

 

 

 

 

 

 

p.16 Luckily, a passenger heard the noise and called a flight attendant, who immediately informed the pilot.

 

 

 

 

irrelevant (adj)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

irresponsible (adj)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

make sense (v)

 

 

 

 

p.17 replace the unknown word with another word with a similar meaning and check

that it makes sense in the sentence.

 

 

 

 

notice (v)

 

 

 

 

p.19 This case of mistaken identity

was quickly noticed and put right.

 

 

 

 

on the job (adv)

 

 

 

 

p.16 'I'm really enjoying my stay in

Dubai and I'm getting a lot of rest, so I won't fall asleep on the job again!'

 

 

 

 

 

on time (adv)

 

 

 

 

p.19 It was a comfortable flight and his plane arrived on time.

 

 

 

variety (n)

 

 

 

 

p.18 Interesting writing often contains a variety of tenses.