Word

Word Family

Collocations

Example sentence

Synonyms

Antonyms

Other

academic (adj)

 

 

academic freedom (n) حرية التعليم (لدي المعلم في الكلام عن كل مشكلة)

 

 p.58 Many scientific and academic texts contain statistics.

 

 

أدبي . عِلمي . متعلق بدور العلم .

apart from (prep)

 

 

 

 

 

 

p.61 Overall, the number of students continued to rise between 2000 and 2005, apart from a slight fall in 2001 .

 

 

 

 

منفرقًّاً (عن) .

بصرف النظر (عن)

appropriate (adj)

 

 

 

 

p.58  As you read the text, refer to the appropriate part of the diagram.

 

 

لائِق . مُناسِب .

مُلائِم

compare (v)

 

 

 

 

p.58 Compare the Information in the text with the information in the graphs and charts.

 

 

 

يقارن

comparison (n)

 

 

 

 

p.61 Bar charts are often used to make comparisons.

use comparatives: fewer  visitors. and superlatives

 

 

مُقارَنة .

 

growth (n)

 

 

 

 

p.60 2. A steady growth is small, slow, and regular.

 

 

نُمُوّ

illustrate (v)

 

 

 

 

p.58 Many scientific and academic texts contain statistics. These are often illustrated in graphs or charts.

 

 

وضَّح بطريقة المِثال

(او) التصوير

interpret (v)

 

 

 

 

p.58 Referring to graphs and charts while you are reading will help you to understand the text, and interpret the statistical data better.

 

 

فسّر = اوّل . ترْجم .

عبّر

refer to (v)

 

 

referee (n) حَكَم (في الالعاب)

 

p.58 As you read the text, refer to the appropriate part of the diagram.

 

 

أَشار الى . يرجع (الى) .  

وجّح الانتباح (الى)

 

remain (v)

 

 

 

 

p.59 The number remained stable until March.

 

 

يضلّ . يَبقِي

require (v)

 

 

 

 

p.62 Students are often required to transform data from a graph or chart into text.

 

 

طلب . احتاج .

تَطلّب

respectively (adv)

 

 

 

 

59. There were fewer visitors to Poland and Mexico, in seventh and eighth place respectively; only about twenty million to each country.

 

 

بحسب الترتيب

Word

Word Family

Collocations

Example sentence

Synonyms

Antonyms

Other

stable (adj)

 

 

stable (n)اإسطَبل = تصطبل . مأوي الخيْل

 

p.62This increased dramatically in 1996 to $700 and then remained stable for the next year.

 

 

ثابِت . مُستقِر

steady (adj)

 

 

a steady workerعامل يُركَن عليه (او) راتب فيعمله

 

 

 

p.63This was followed by a steady rise over the next two years to $800 by 2000.

 

 

رَكين . ماكن = غير متزعزع

sudden (adj)

 

 

suddenly(adv) p.59 Then in September it dropped suddenly to about 100 million, followed by a steady fall to the lowest point in November.

 

 

p.59 Then in September there was a sudden drop to about 100 million to about 100 million, followed by a steady fall to the lowest point in November.

 

 

 

 

مُفاجيِء

unexpected (adj)

 

 

 

 

p.60 A sudden drop (or rise) is fast and unexpected.

 

 

غير متَوَقَع (او) غير مُنتَظَر

vertical (adj)

 

 

 

 

p.58 Read the description of the horizontal and vertical data.

 

 

 

 

 

عمودي

whereas (conj)

 

 

 

 

p.61 Overall, the percentage of French and Japanese visitors increased between 1995 and 2005, whereas the percentage of Russian tourists fell.

 

 

 

 

ولكن . في حين (أن) .

بينما