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Complete Bibliography for
Stream Ecology
by: J. David Allan

A | B | C | D | E | F | G
H | I | J | K | L | M | N
O | P | Q | R | S | T | U
V | W | X | Y | Z

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Adams, J. 1980. The feeding behaviour of Bdellocephala punctata, a freshwater triclad. Oikos 35:2-7.

Alexander, R. McN. 1970. Functional design in fishes. Hutchinson University Library, London.

Alexander, G.R. 1979. Predators of fish in coldwater streams. pp 153-170 In: H. Clepper (ed.), Predator-prey systemsin fisheries management. Sports Fishing Institute, Washington D.C.

Allan, J.D. 1975. The distributional ecology and diversity of benthic insects in Cement Creek, Colorado. Ecology 56:1040-1053.

Allan, J.D. 1976. Life history patterns in zooplankton. American Naturalist 110:165-180.

Allan J.D. 1978. Trout predation and the size composition of stream drift. Limnology and Oceanography 23:1231-1237.

Allan, J.D. 1981. Determinants of diet of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in a mountain stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 38:184-192.

Allan, J.D. 1982a. Feeding habits and prey consumption of three setipalpian stoneflies (Plecoptera) in a mountain stream. Ecology 63:26-34.

Allan, J.D. 1982b. The effects of reduction in trout density on the invertebrate community of a mountain stream. Ecology 63:1444- 1455.

Allan, J.D. 1984. Hypothesis testing in ecological studies of aquatic insects. pp. 484-507 In: V.H. Resh and D.M. Rosenberg (eds.), The ecology of aquatic insects, Praeger, New York.

Allan, J.D. 1985. The production ecology of Ephemeroptera in a Rocky Mountain stream. Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung fr Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 22:3233- 3237.

Allan, J.D. 1987. Macroinvertebrate drift in a Rocky Mountain stream. Hydrobiologia 144:261-268.

Allan, J.D. and A.S. Flecker. 1988. Prey preference in stoneflies: A comparative analysis of prey vulnerability. Oecologia 76:495-503.

Allan, J.D. and A.S. Flecker. 1993. Biodiversity conservation in running waters. BioScience 43:32-43.

Allan, J.D., A.S. Flecker and S.L. Kohler. 1990. Diel changes in epibenthic activity and gut fullness of some mayfly nymphs. Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung fr Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 24:2882-2885.

Allan, J.D., A.S. Flecker and N.C. McClintock. 1986. Diel epibenthic activity of mayfly nymphs, and its nonconcordance with behavioral drift. Limnology and Oceanography 31:1057-1065.

Allan, J.D., A.S. Flecker and N.C. McClintock. 1987a. Prey size selection by carnivorous stoneflies. Limnology and Oceanography 31:864-872.

Allan, J.D., A.S. Flecker and N.C. McClintock. 1987b. Prey preference of stoneflies: sedentary vs. mobile prey. Oikos 49:323-332.

Allan, J.D. and E. Russek. 1985. The quantification of stream drift. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42:210-215.

Allen, K.R. 1941. Studies on the biology of the early stages of the salmon (Salmo salar). Journal of Animal Ecology 10:47-76.

Allen, K.R. 1951. The Horokiwi stream: A study of a trout population. New Zealand Marine Department Fisheries Bulletin 10.

Allen, K.R. 1969. Distinctive aspects of the ecology of stream fishes: A review. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 26:1429-1438.

Ambhl, H. 1959. Die Bedeutung der Str”mung als ”kologischer Faktor. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 21:133-264.

Anderson, N. H. 1966. Depressant effect of moonlight on activity of aquatic insects. Nature (London) 209:319-20.

Anderson, N.H. 1976. Carnivory by an aquatic detritivore, Clistoronia magnifica (Trichoptera:Limnephilidae). Ecology 57:1081-85.

Anderson, N.H. and K.W. Cummins. 1979. The influences of diet on the life histories of aquatic insects. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 36:335-342.

Anderson, N.H. and J.R. Sedell. 1979. Detritus processing by macroinvertebrates in stream ecosystems. Annual Review of Entomology 24:351-377.

Anderson, N.H., J.R. Sedell, L.M. Roberts and F.J. Triska. 1978. The role of aquatic invertebrates in processing of wood debris in coniferous forest streams. American Midland Naturalist 100:64-82.

Andersson, K.G., C. Br”nmark, J. Herrmann, B. Malmqvist, C. Otto and P. Sj”str”m. 1986. Presence of sculpins (Cottus gobio) reduces drift and activity of Gammarus pulex (Amphipoda). Hydrobiologia 133:209-215.

Angermeier, P.L. and J.R. Karr. 1983. Fish communities along environmental gradients in a system of tropical streams. Environmental Biology of Fishes 9:117-135.

Araujo-Lima, C., B. Forsberg, R. Victoria and L. Martinelli. 1986. Energy sources for detritivorous fishes in the Amazon. Science 234:1256-1258.

Armitage, P.D. 1977. Invertebrate drift in the regulated River Tees and an unregulated tributary, Maize Beck, below Cow Green dam. Freshwater Biology 7:167-184.

Armitage, P.D. 1978. Downstream changes in the composition, numbers and biomass of bottom fauna in the Tees below Cow Green Reservoir and in an unregulated tributary Maize Beck, in the first five years after impoundment. Hydrobiologia 58:145-156.

Armitage, P.D. 1984. Environmental changes induced by stream regulation and their effect on lotic macroinvertebrate communities. pp 139-166 In: A. Lillehammer and S.J. Saltveit (eds.) Regulated Rivers. Universitetsforlaget AS, Oslo

Armitage, P.D. and J.H. Blackburn. 1990. Environmental stability and communities of Chironomidae (Diptera) in a regulated river. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 5:319-328.

Arsuffi, T.L. and K. Suberkropp. 1984. Leaf processing capabilities of aquatic hyphomycetes: interspecific differences and influence on shredder feeding preference. Oikos 42:144-154.

Arsuffi, T.L. and K. Suberkropp. 1986. Growth of two stream caddisflies (Trichoptera) on leaves colonized by different fungal species. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 5:297-305.

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Bagnold, R.A. 1966. An approach to the sediment transport problem of general physics. United States Geolologic Survey Professional Paper 422-I.

Bailey, R.G. 1966. Observations on the nature and importance of organic drift in a Devon river. Hydrobiologia 27:353-67.

Baker, A.L. and K.K. Baker. 1979. Effects of temperature and current discharge on the concentration and photosynthetic activity of the phytoplankton in the upper Mississippi River. Freshwater Biology 9:191-198.

Baker, J.A. and S.T. Ross. 1981. Spatial and temporal resource utilization by southeastern cyprinids. Copeia 1981:178-189.

Baker, R.L. and S.M. Dixon. 1986. Wounding as an index of aggressive interactions in larval Zygoptera (Odonata). Canadian Journal of Zoology 64:893-897.

Ball, R.C. and F.F. Hooper. 1963. Translocation of phosphorus in a trout stream ecosystem. pp 217-228 In: V. Schultz and A.W. Klement, Jr. (eds.) Radioecology, Reinhold Publishing, New York.

Ball, R.C., T.A. Woitalik and F.F. Hooper. 1963. Upstream dispersion of radiophosphorus in a Michigan trout stream. Michigan Academy of Science, Arts & Letters 48:57-64.

Baltz, D.M., P.B. Moyle and N.J. Knight. 1982. Competitive interactions between benthic stream fishes, riffle sculpin, Cottus gulosus, and speckled dace, Rhinichthys osculus. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 39:1502-1511.

Bannon, E. and N.H. Ringler. 1986. Optimal prey size for stream resident brown trout (Salmo trutta): tests of predictive models. Canadian Journal of Zoology 64:704-713.

Barbour, C.D. and J.H. Brown. 1974. Fish species diversity in lakes. American Naturalist 108:473-489.

Bardach, J.E., J.H. Todd and R. Crickmer. 1967. Orientation by taste in fish of the genus Ictalurus. Science 155:1276-1278.

Barl”cher, F. 1982. The contribution of fungal enzymes to the digestion of leaves by Gammarus fossarum Koch (Amphipoda). Oecologia 52:1-4.

Barl”cher, F. 1982. On the ecology of Ingoldian fungi. Bioscience 32:581-586.

Barl”cher, F. 1983. Seasonal variation of standing crop and digestibility of CPOM in a Swiss Jura stream. Ecology 64:1266- 1272.

Barl”cher, F. 1985. The role of fungi in the nutrition of stream invertebrates. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 91:83-94.

Barl”cher, F. and B. Kendrick. 1973a. Fungi in the diet of Gammarus pseudolimnaeus (Amphipoda). Oikos 24:295-300.

Barl”cher, F. and B. Kendrick. 1975. Leaf-conditioning by micro-organisms. Oecologia 20:359-362.

Barl”cher, F., B. Kendrick and J. Michaelides. 1978. Colonization and conditioning of Pinus resinosa needles by aquatic hyphomycetes. Archiv fr Hydrobiologie 81:462-474.

Barmuta, L.A. and P.S. Lake 1982. On the value of the river continuum concept. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 16:227-231.

Barns, H.H. 1967. Roughness characteristics of natural channels. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 1849, 213 pages.

Barrett, S.C.H. 1989. Waterweed invasions. Scientific American, October 1989, 90-97.

Barrow, C.J. 1987. The environmental impacts of the Tucur¡ Dam on the middle and lower Tocantins River Basin, Brazil. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 1:49-60.

Barton, D.R., W.D. Taylor and R.M. Biette. 1985. Dimensions of riparian buffer strips required to maintain trout habitat in southern Ontario streams. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 5:364-378.

Bates, H.W. 1863. The naturalist on the river Amazons. I. Murray, London.

Bayley, P.B. 1989. Aquatic environments in the Amazon Basin, with an analysis of carbon sources, fish production, and yield. pp 399-408 In: D.P. Dodge (ed.), Proceedings of the International Large River Symposium. Canadian Special Publication of Fisher ies and Aquatic Sciences 106.

Bayley, P.B. 1991. The flood pulse advantage and the restoration of river-floodplain systems. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 6:75-86.

Beauchamp, R.S.A. and P. Ullyot. 1932. Competitive relationships between certain species of freshwater triclads. Journal of Ecology 20:200-208.

Bellamy, L.S. and T.B. Reynoldson. 1974. Behaviour in competition for food amongst lake-dwelling triclads. Oikos 25:356-364.

Bencala, K.E. 1984. Interactions of solutes and streambed sediment 2. A dynamic analysis of coupled hydrologic and chemical processes that determine solute transport. Water Resources Research 20:1804-1814.

Bencala, K.E., A.P. Jackman, V.C. Kennedy, R.J. Avanzino and G.W. Zellweger. 1983. Kinetic analysis of strontium and potassium sorption onto sands and gravels in a natural channel. Water Resources Research 19:725-731.

Bencala, K.E., V.C. Kennedy, G.W. Zellweger, A.P. Jackman and R.J. Avanzino. 1984. Interactions of solutes and streambed sediment 1. An experimental analysis of cation and anion transport in a mountain stream. Water Resources Research 20:1797-1803.

Bencala, K.E. and R.A. Walters. 1983. Simulation of solute transport in a mountain pool-and-riffle stream: a transient storage model. Water Resources Research 19:718-724.

Benfield, E.F., D.R. Jones and and M.F. Patterson. 1977. Leaf pack processing in a pastureland stream. Oikos 29-99-103.

Benfield, E.F., R.W. Paul and J.R. Webster. 1979. Influence of exposure technique on leaf breakdown rates in streams. Oikos 33:386-391.

Benfield, E.F. and J.R. Webster. 1985. Shredder abundance and leaf breakdown in an Appalachian mountain stream. Freshwater Biology 15:113-120.

Benke, A.C. 1990. A perspective on America's vanishing streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 9:77-88.

Benke, A.C. 1991. A perspective on America's vanishing streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 9:77-88.

Benke, A.C. 1993. Concepts and patterns of invertebrate production in running waters. Verhandlungen der Internationalen Vereinigung fr Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 25:15-38.

Benke, A.C., R.L. Henry, III, D.M. Gillespie, and R.J. Hunter. 1985. Importance of snag habitat for animal production in southeastern streams. Fisheries 10:8-13.

Benke, A.C., T.C. Van Arsdall, Jr., D.M. Gillespie, and F.K. Parrish. 1984. Invertebrate productivity in a subtropical blackwater river: the importance of habitat and life history. Ecological Monographs 54(1):25-63.

Benke, A.C. and J.B. Wallace. 1980. Trophic basis of production among net-spinning caddisflies in a southern Appalachian stream. Ecology 61:108-118.

Bennett, J.P., J.W. Woodward and D.J. Shultz. 1986. Effect of discharge on the chlorophyll a distribution in the tidally- influenced Potomac River. Estuaries 9:250-260.

Berg, M.B. 1994. Larval food and feeding behavior. pp ## In: P.D. Armitage, P.S. Cranston and L.C.V. Pinder (eds.) Chironomidae: Biology and ecology of non-biting midges. Chapman and Hall, London.

Berkman, H.E. and C.F. Rabeni. 1987. Effect of siltation on stream fish communities. Environmental Biology of Fishes 18:285- 294.

Berner, E.K. and R.A. Berner. 1987. The Global Water Cycle. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.

Berner, L.M. 1951. Limnology of the lower Missouri River. Ecology 32:1-12.

Berrie, A.D. 1972. The occurrence and composition of seston in the River Thames and the role of detritus as an energy source for secondary production in the river. Memorie dell'Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia 29 (supplement):475-483.

Berrie, A.D. 1972. Productivity of the Thames at Reading. pp. 69-86 In: R.W. Edwards and D.J. Garrod (eds.), Conservation and productivity in natural waters. Symposium of the Zoological Soceity of London.

Beschta, R.L. 1978. Long-term patterns of sediment production following road construction and logging in the Oregon coast range. Water Resources Research 14:1011-1016

Beukema, J.J. 1968. Predation by threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.): The influence of hunger and experience. Behavior 31:1-126.

Bilby, R.E. 1981. Role of organic debris dams in regulating the export of dissolved and particulate matter from a forested watershed. Ecology 62:1234-1243.

Bilby, R.E. and G.E. Likens. 1979. Effect of hydrologic fluctuations on the transport of fine particulate organic carbon in a small stream. Limnology and Oceanography 24:69-75.

Bilby, R.E. and G.E. Likens. 1980. Importance of organic debris dams in the structure and function of stream ecosystems. Ecology 61:1107-1113.

Binns, N.A. and F.M. Eiserman. 1979. Quantification of fluvial trout habitat in Wyoming. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 108:215-228.

Birch, L. C. 1957. The meanings of competition. American Naturalist 91:5-18.

Bird, G.A. and Hynes, H.B.N. 1981. Movements of immature insects in a lotic habitat. Hydrobiologia 77:103-112.

Bishop, J.E. 1969. Light control of aquatic insect activity and drift. Ecology 50:371-380.

Bishop, J.E. and H.B.N. Hynes. 1969a. Downstream drift of the invertebrate fauna in a stream ecosystem. Archives fr Hydrobiologie 66:56-90.

Bishop, J.E. and H.B.N. Hynes. 1969b. Upstream movements of the benthic invertebrates in the Speed River, Ontario. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 26:279-98.

Bisson, P.A., T.P. Quinn, G.H. Reeves and S.V. Gregory. 1992. Best management practices, cumulative effects, and long-term trends in fish abundance in Pacific Northwest river systems. pp. 189-233 In: R.J. Naiman (ed.), Watershed Management: Balancing sustainability and environmental change. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Bjarnov, N. 1972. Carbohydrases in Chironomus, Gammarus, and some Trichoptera larvae. Oikos 23:261-263.

Blum, J.L. 1960. Algal populations of flowing waters. Spec. Publ. Pymatuning Lab Field Biology 2:11-21.

Bocking, R.C. 1987. Canadian water: a commodity for export? pp 105-135 In: M.C. Healey and R.R. Wallace (eds.), Canadian Aquatic Resources. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 215.

Bohle, H.W. 1978. Beziehungen zwischen dem Nahrungsangebot, der Drift und der raumlichen Verteilung bei Larven von Baetis rhodani (PICTET) (Ephemeroptera:Baetidae). Archives fr Hydrobiologie 84:500-525.

Borgh, T. 1927. Sitzungsprotokoll de "Zoologiska Seminaret" der Universitat Uppsala vom 22.12.1927

Bormann, F.H., G.E. Likens, T.G. Siccama, R.S. Pierce and J.S. Eaton. 1974. The export of nutrients and recovery of stable conditions following deforestation at Hubbard Brook. Ecological Monographs 44:255-277.

Bothar, A. 1987. The estimation of production and mortality of Bosmina longirostris (O.F. Mller) in the River Danube (Daubialia Hungarica, CIX). Hydrobiologia 145:285-291.

Bothwell, M.L. 1989. Phosphorus-limited growth dynamics of lotic periphyton diatom communities: areal biomass and cellular growth rate responses. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 46:1293-1301.

Bott, T.L. 1983. Primary productivity in streams. pp 29-53. In: J.R. Barnes and G.W. Minshall (eds.), Stream Ecology, Plenum, New York.

Bott, T.L., J.T. Brock, C.E. Cushing, S.V. Gregory, D. King and R.C. Petersen. 1978. A comparison of methods for measuring primary productivity and community respiration in streams. Hydrobiologia 60:3-12.

Bott, T.L., J.T. Brock, C.S. Dunn, R.J. Naiman, R.W. Ovink and R.C. Petersen. 1985. Benthic community metabolism in four temperate stream systems: an inter-biome comparison and evaluation of the river continuum concept. Hydrobiologia 123:3- 45.

Bott, T.L. and L.A. Kaplan. 1990. Potential for protozoan grazing of bacteria in streambed sediments. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 9:336-345.

Bott, T.L., L.A. Kaplan and F.T.Kuserk. 1984. Benthic bacterial biomass supported by streamwater dissolved organic matter. Microbial Ecology 10:335-344.

Boulton, A.J. and P.I. Boon. 1991. A review of methodology used to measure leaf litter decomposition in lotic environments: Time to turn over an old leaf? Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 42:1-43.

Bournard, M. and M. Thibault. 1973. La derive des organismes dans les eaux courantes. Annales de Limnologie 4:11-49.

Bovbjerg, R.V. 1970. Ecological isolation and competitive exclusion in two crayfish (Orconectes virilis and Orconectes immunis). Ecology 51:225-236.

Bovee, K.D. 1982. A guide to stream habitat analysis using the instream flow incremental methodology. Instream flow information paper 12. FWS/OBS-82/86. United States Department of the Interior, Cooperative Instream Flow Service Group, Fort Collins C olorado.

Bowen, S.H. 1983. Detritivory in neotropical fish communities. Environmental Biology of Fishes 9:137-144.

Bowlby, J.N. and J.C. Roff. 1986. Trophic structure in southern Ontario streams. Ecology 67:1670-1690.

Brett, J.R. 1971. Energetic responses of salmon to temperature. A study of some thermal relations in the physiology and freshwater ecology of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). American Zoologist 11:99-113.

Briand, F. amd J. E. Cohen. 1987. Environmental correlates of food chain length. Science 238:956-960.

Briggs, J.C. 1986. Introduction to the zoogeography by North American fishes. pp. 1-16 In: C.H. Hocutt and E.O. Wiley (eds.). 1986. Zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. Wiley Interscience, New York.

Britt, N.W. 1962. Biology of two species of Lake Erie mayflies, Ephoron album (Say) and Ephemere simulans Walker. Bulletin of the Ohio Biological Survey 5:70

Brittain, J.E. and S.J. Saltveit. 1989. A review of the effect of river regulation on mayflies (Ephemeroptera). Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 3:191-204.

Br”nmark, C. 1985. Interactions between macrophytes, epiphytes and herbivores: an experimental approach. Oikos 45:26-30.

Br”nmark, C. and B. Malmqvist. 1986. Interactions between the leech Glossiphonia complanata and its gastropod prey. Oecologia 69:268-276.

Brookes, A. 1988. River channelization: Perspectives for environmental management. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, U.K.

Brookes, A. 1989. Alternative channelization procedures. pp 139-162 In: J.A. Gore and G.E. Petts (eds.), Alternatives in Regulated River Management. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida

Brown, A.V. and M.L. Armstrong. 1985. Propensity to drift downstream among various species of fish. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 3:3-17.

Brown, L.R. and P.B. Moyle. 1991. Changes in habitat and microhabitat partitioning within an assemblage of stream fishes in response to predation by Sacremento squawfish (Ptychocheilus grandis). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48:849 -856.

Bruce, R.C. 1985. Larval periods, population structure, and the effects of stream drift in larvae of the salamanders Desmognathus quadramaculatus and Leurognathus marmoratus in a southern Appalachian stream. Copeia 1985: 847-854.

Brusven, M.A., and S.T. Rose. 1981. Influence of substrate composition and suspended sediment on insect predation by the torrent sculpin, Cottus rhotheus. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 38:1444-1448.

Bruton, M.N. and J. Van As. 1986. Faunal invasions of aquatic ecosystems in southern Africa, with suggestions for their management. pp. 47-61 In: I.A.W. MacDonald, F.J. Kruger, and A.A. Ferrar (eds.), The Ecology and Management of Biological Invasions in southern Africa. Oxford University Press, Cape Town, South Africa.

Bryan, J.E. and P.A. Larkin. 1972. Food specialization by individual trout. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 29:1615-1624.

Burton, T.M., R.M. Stanford and J.W. Allan. 1985. Acidification effects on stream biota and organic matter processing. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42:669-675.

Busch, D.E. and S.G. Fisher. 1981. Metabolism of a desert stream. Freshwater Biology 11:301-307.

Butcher, R.W. 1933. Studies on the ecology of rivers - I. on the distribution of macrophytic vegetation in the rivers of Britain. J. Ecol. 21:58-91.

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Cadwallader, P.L. 1975. The food of the New Zealand common river galaxias, Galaxias vulgaris Stokel (Pisces: Salmoniformes). Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 26:15-30.

Calow, P. 1970. Studies on the natural diet of Lymnaea pereger obtusa (Kobelt) and its possible ecological implications. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 39:203-215.

Calow, P. 1975a. The feeding strategies of two freshwater gastropods, Ancylus fluviatilis Mull. and Planorbis contortus Linn. (Pulmonata), in terms of ingestion rates and absorption efficiencies. Oecologia 20:33-49.

Calow, P. 1975b. Defecation strategies of two freshwater gastropods, Ancylus fluviatilis Mull. and Planorbis contorta Linn. (Pulmonata) with a comparison of field and laboratory estimates of food absorption rate. Oecologia 20:51-63.

Calow, P. and L.J. Calow. 1975. Cellulase activity and niche separation in freshwater gastropods. Nature 255:478-480.

Campbell, I. 1980. Diurnal variations in the activity of Mirawara purpurea Riek (Ephemeroptera, Siphlonuridae) in the Aberfeldy River, Victoria. pp. 297-308 In J.F. Flannagan and K.E. Marshall (eds.), Advances in Ephemeroptera Biology, Plenum.

Campbell, R.N.B. 1985. Comparison of the drift of live and dead Baetis nymphs in a weakening water current. Hydrobiologia 126:229-236.

Cargill, A.S., K.W. Cummins, B.J. Hanson and R.R. Lowry. 1985. The role of lipids, fungi, and temperature on the nutrition of a shredder caddisfly, Clistoronia magnifica (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae). Freshwater Invertebrate Biology 4:64-78.

Carling, P.A. 1992. The nature of the fluid boundary layer and the selection of parameters for benthic ecology. Freshwater Biology 28:273-284.

Carlough, L.A. and J.L. Meyer. 1990. Rates of protozoan bacterivory in three habitats of a southeastern blackwater river. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 9:45-53.

Carlsson, M., L.M. Nilsson, Bj. Svensson, S. Ulfstrand and R. Wotton. 1977. Lacustrine seston and other factors influencing the black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) inhabiting lake outlets in Swedish Lapland. Oikos 29:229-238.

Carrick, T.R. 1979. The effect of acid water on the hatching of salmonid eggs. Journal of Fish Biology 14:165-172.

Casey, H. and P.V.R. Newton. 1972. The chemical composition and flow of the South Winterbourne in Dorset. Freshwater Biology 2:229-234.

Cederholm, C.J., L.M. Reid and E.O. Salo. 1981. Cumulative effects of logging road sediment on salmonid populations in the Clearwater River, Jefferson County, Washington. pp 38-74 In: Proceedings of a conference "Salmon spawning gravel: a renewable reso urce in the Pacific Northwest?" Report 39, State of Washington Water Resource Center, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington USA.

Cerri, R.D. and D.F. Fraser. 1983. Predation and risk in foraging minnows: balancing conflicting demands. American Naturalist 121:552-561.

Chambers, P.A., E.E. Prepas, M.L. Bothwell and H.R. Hamilton. 1989. Roots versus shoots in nutrient uptake by aquatic macrophytes in flowing waters. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 46:435-439.

Chance, M.M. 1970. The functional morphology of the mouthparts of black fly larvae (Diptera: Simuliidae). Quaestiones entomologicae 6:245-284.

Chance, M.M. and D.A. Craig. 1986. Hydrodynamics and behaviour of Simuliidae larvae (Diptera). Canadian Journal of Zoology 64:1295-1309.

Chandler, C.M. 1966. Environmental factors affecting the local distribution and abundance of four species of stream-dwelling triclads. Invest. Indiana Lakes Streams 7:1-56.

Chapman,D.W., and R. Demory. 1963. Seasonal changes in the food ingested by aquatic insect larvae and nymphs in two Oregon streams. Ecology 44:140-146.

Chaston, I. 1969. The light threshold controlling the periodicity of invertebrate drift. Journal of Animal Ecology 38:171-80.

Chaston, I. 1972. Non-catastrophic invertebrate drift in lotic systems, p. 33-51. In R.B. Clark and R.J. Wootton [ed.], Essays in hydrobiology, Univ. Exeter.

Chessman, B.C. 1985. Estimates of ecosystem metabolism in the La Trove River, Victoria. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36:873-880.

Chesson, J. 1983. The estimation and analysis of preference and its relationship to foraging models. Ecology 64:1297-1304.

Chow, V.T. 1981. Open-channel hydraulics. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Chudyba, H. 1965. Cladophora glomerata and accompanying algae in the Skawa River. Acta Hydrobiol. 7/Suppl 1, 93-126.

Chutter, F.M. and R.G. Noble. 1966. The reliability of method of sampling stream invertebrates. Archives fr Hydrobiologie 62:95- 103.

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Last updated January 29, 1998

J.D. Allan, School of Natural Resources & Environment
University of Michigan