Arlinghaus: Adjunct Professor,
School of Natural Resources and Environment and Taubman College of Architecture
and Urban Planning, The University of Michigan; Community Systems Foundation;
IMaGe; Arlinghaus Enterprises, L.L.C. firstname.lastname@example.org
Beal: President JC Beal
Construction Inc.; Downtown Development Authority; Downtown Residential
Kelbaugh: Professor and
Dean, Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning, The University
of Michigan; Downtown Residential Taskforce Member
Links are provided to
the complete set of virtual reality files created (about 3 gigabytes);
due to server issues with the thousands of files involved, it may be that
not all links will function all the time. Please contact the first
author if VR files are desired that do not come up; at the very least,
files will be rotated in and out of server space in response to reader
demand (initially, the most recent VR files are placed on the server).
All images, many derived from VR files, should appear all the time.
On June 7, 2004, the Downtown
Residential Taskforce presented recommendations for increasing residential
land use in the downtown to the City Council of the City of Ann Arbor.
Some of the policy statements in that document derived support from earlier
three-dimensional analysis, using virtual reality models and derivative
animations. This article displays the complete chronological unfolding
of the models behind a part of this document. Broadly stated, it
synthesizes theory and practice: from the academic realm of model
creation and the mathematical geography behind that activity, to the real-world
arena of policy and decision makers. The maps and models we make
can influence the decisions that are made; conversely, the decisions we
make can shape the maps and models that are built. This interactive
process between maps and decisions was in full force in this study.
Follow the links on the left, in the "Archive" section, to watch the historical
elements of this process unfold.
SCREEN CAPTURE OF A VIRTUAL
REALITY MODEL OF EXISTING DOWNTOWN ANN ARBOR. BUILDING SHAPES ARE
SIMPLY EXTRUDED FROM FOOTPRINTS DIGITIZED FROM AN AERIAL.
The authors wish to thank all
members of the Downtown Residential Taskforce: in addition to the
two members noted above, Susan Pollay (Executive Director, Downtown Development
Authority), Karen Hart (Planning Director, City of Ann Arbor), Jean Carlberg
(City Council), Wendy Woods (City Council), Steve Thorp (Chair, Planning
Commission), Frances Todoro (Mayor's Office), Robert Gillett, and William
D. Kinley. Their thoughtful comments have helped, in various ways, to shape
selected images (and are so noted when that influence was direct).
Brian Barrick and Peter Pollack, both of Pollack Designs, followed our
work with interest, as did Ray Detter, DDA Citizens Advisory Committee
(we thank Ray for his eagle eye on building inclusion/exclusion issues).
They also thank Merle Johnson of the City of Ann Arbor ITS Department and
Chandra Hurd of the City of Ann Arbor Planning Department: the former
for his generosity in sharing aerials and maps from City of Ann Arbor files
and the latter for sharing her expertise in analyzing city data and in
checking selected files present on this site. Donald T. Uchman, Coordinator
of Space Graphics, Space Information and Planning, Plant Extension--AEC,
The University of Michigan, generously shared official University map files
on locations and sizes of buildings. Finally, they thank an anonymous referee
for his/her constructive comment. Remaining errors are ours alone.
The first author wishes to
thank, in addition, the ongoing advice and support associated with various
projects related to this one from the 3D Laboratory of the Media Union
of The University of Michigan, Prof. Peter Beier, Ph.D., Director.
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