CURRICULUM VITAE of CHARLES M. BUTTER

Contact Information
734 663-7885
cbutter@umich.edu

Date of Birth
January 10, 1934

Education
1947-1951 Newton High School, Newton, Massachusetts
1951-1955 B.A. Psychology, Harvard University
1955-1959 Ph.D. Psychology, Duke University

 
Graduate Training and Interim Positions
1959-62 NIH Postdoctoral Fellow at Laboratory of Psychology, Section on Neuropsychology, National Institute of Mental Health
1969-70 NIH Special Research Fellow, Harvard University
1976-77 Fulbright Research Fellow, Oxford University, Department of Experimental Psychology
1983-84 Research Associate, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
1986 NINCDS National Health Service Award, Dept. of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Florida
   
   

Teaching Appointments
1962-64 Assistant Professor of Psychology, The University of Michigan
1964-68 Associate Professor of Psychology, The University of Michigan
1968- Professor of Psychology, The University of Michigan
1988- Adjunct Professor in Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, The University of Michigan
1999 retired emeritus
 
   

Scientific Activities at Local, State, or National levels
1967-70 Program Committee, Division 6, American Psychological Association
1975-78 Executive Committee, Division 6, American Psychological Association
1978-80 Representative from Division 6 to Committee on Continuing Education, American Psychological Association
1980-82 Committee on Animals in Research and Experimentation, American Psychological Association
   
   
Honors and Awards
Fellow, Division 6, American Psychological Association
Charter Fellow, American Psychological Society
Fellow, AAAS
   
   
Recent Activities

Book signing "Crossing Cultural Borders Universals in Art and Their Biological Roots" Ann Arbor Public Library Sept., 2011

Book signing "Crossing Cultural Borders Universals in Art and Their Biological Roots" Jewish Community Center Ann Arbor Nov., 2011
Advisory Board member, "The Art Instinct" film Dec., 2011
Interview with Dr. M.A. Greenstein for podcast Blog Talk Radio Greenstein Institute, March 2012
Book reading at Laboratory of Neuropsychology National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD, May 2012
   
   

Memberships and Offices in Professional Societies

American Psychological Association, Fellow, Division 6
Eastern Psychological Association
Society for Neuroscience
Sigma XI
International Neuropsychology Symposium
International Brain Research Organization
International Neuropsychology Society
American Psychological Society, Fellow
   
   
Teaching Activities
Undergraduate and graduate courses in Physiological Psychology (lecture and laboratory), Human Neuropsychology
Advanced undergraduate courses and graduate seminars in Brain Mechanisms of Learning and Memory, Visual Perception and Selective Attention
Grand rounds, rounds with residents in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (October 1990 and April 1990, respectively)
   
   
Committee and Administrative Services
Psychology Department
1963-64 Augmented Executive Committee
1964-66 Graduate Committee
1967-72 Equipment Committee
1968-71 Coordinator, Psychobiology Area
1985- Academic Counseling in L.S.&A.
1986-89 Committee on Undergraduate Studies
1986-89 Human Subjects Review Committee
1989- Committee on Graduate Neuropsychology Course, Chairperson
Outside Psychology Department
1979-80 Chair, Rackham Review Committee (Program in Physiological Acoustics)
1987-1990 Civil Rights Board, SACUA
1991-1993 Admissions Committee, Neuroscience Program
1992-1994 Member of Council, Michigan Chapter of Society for Neuroscience
   
   
Publications

Publications in Scientific Journals


Butter, C.M. & Thomas, D.R.: Secondary reinforcement as a function of the amount of primary reinforcement. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 51:346-348, 1958.

Butter, C.M. & Campbell, B.A. Running speed as a function of successive reversals in hunger drive level. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 53:52-54, 1960.

Butter, C.M. Stimulus generalization along one and two dimensions in pigeons. J. Exp. Psychol., 65:339-346, 1963.

Butter, C.M., Mishkin, M. & Rosvold, H.E. Conditioning and extinction of a food-reward response after selective ablation of frontal cortex in rhesus monkeys. Exp. Neurol., 7:65-75, 1963.

Butter, C.M. Habituation of responses to novel stimuli in monkeys with selective frontal lesions. Sci., 144:313-314, 1964.

Butter, C.M. Effective stimuli for pattern discrimination in rhesus monkeys. Psychonomic Sci., 2:324-326, 1965.

Butter, C.M. Review of Frontiers in Psychology, R.W. Russell (Ed.). Contemporary Psychology, 10:378-379, 1965.

Butter, C.M. Detection of hidden figures by rhesus monkeys. Percept. Motor Skills, 23:979-986, 1966.

Butter, C.M. & Gekoski, W. Alterations in pattern equivalence following inferotemporal and striate lesions in rhesus monkeys. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 61:309-312, 1966.

Butter, C.M. Review of New Directions in Psychology, II, Barron, et al., Contemp. Psychol., 12:444-445, 1967.

Butter, C.M. The effect of discrimination training on pattern equivalence in monkeys with inferotemporal and lateral striate lesions. Neuropsychol., 16:27-40, 1968.

Butter, C.M. & Doehrman, S.R. Size discrimination and transposition in monkeys with striate and temporal lesions. Cortex, 4:35-46, 1968.

Butter, C.M., Mishkin, M. & Mirsky, A.F. Emotional responses towards humans in monkeys with selective frontal lesions. Physiol. Behav., 1968, 3:213-215, 1968.

Christopher, M. & Butter, C.M. Consummatory behaviors and locomotor exploration evoked from self-stimulation sites in rats. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 66:335-339, 1968.

Craft, L.H. & Butter, C.M. Effect of striate cortex removal on wavelength discrimination in rats. Psychol. Record, 18:311-316, 1968.

Butter, C.M. Impairments in selective attention to visual stimuli in monkeys with inferotemporal and lateral striate lesions. Brain Res., 12:374-383, 1969.

Butter, C.M. Perseveration in extinction and in discrimination reversal tasks following selective frontal ablations in Macaca mulatta. Physiol. Behav., 4:163-171, 1969.

Butter, C.M., McDonald, J. & Snyder, D. Orality, preference behavior, and reinforcement value of nonfood objects in monkeys with orbital frontal lesions. Sci., 164:1306-1307, 1969.

McEnaney, K. & Butter, C.M. Perseveration of responding and non-responding in monkeys with orbital frontal lesions. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 68: 558-561, 1969.

Butter, C.M. & Hirtzel, M. Brief Communication: Impairment in sampling visual stimuli in monkeys with inferotemporal lesions. Physiol. Behav., 5:369-370, 1970.


Butter, C.M., Snyder, D.R. & McDonald, J.A. Effects of orbital frontal lesions on aversive and aggressive behaviors in rhesus monkeys. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 72:132-144, 1970.

Butter, C.M. Detection of masked patterns in monkeys with inferotemporal, striate or dorsolateral frontal lesions. Neuropsychol., 10:241-243, 1972.

Butter, C.M. Review of Cognitive Processes in Nonhuman Primates, L. Jarrard (Ed.), Sci., 176:1227-1228, 1972.

Butter, C.M. & Snyder, D.R. Alterations in aversive and aggressive behaviors following orbital frontal lesions in rhesus monkeys. Acta Neurobiol. Exp., 32:525-565, 1972.

Butters, N., Butter, C.M., Stein, D. & Rosen, J. Behavioral effects of serial and one-stage orbital frontal lesions in rhesus monkeys. Exp. Neurol., 39: 204-214, 1973

Butter, C.M. Visual discrimination impairments in rhesus monkeys with combined lesions of superior colliculus and striate cortex. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 87:918-929, 1974.

Butter, C.M. Effect of superior colliculus, striate or prestriate lesions on visual sampling in rhesus monkeys. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 87:905-917, 1974.

Eichenbaum, H., Potter, H., Papsdorf, J. & Butter, C.M. Effects of frontal cortex lesions on differentiation and extinction of the classically conditioned nictitating membrane response in rabbits. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 86:179-186, 1974.

Butter, C.M. Review of Efferent Organization and the Integration of Behavior. Jack D. Maser (Ed.), Contemp. Psychol., 20:211-212, 1975.

Butter, C.M., Weinstein, C., Bender, D. & Gross, C.G. Localization and detection of visual stimuli following superior colliculus lesions in rhesus monkeys. Brain Res., 156:33-49, 1978.

Leiby, C.C., Campbell, A.L. & Butter, C.M. Comparison of visual discrimination performance of rhesus and cynomolgus monkeys. Primate Newslett., 17:1-5, 1978.

Butter, C.M. Contrasting effects of lateral striate and superior colliculus lesions on visual discrimination performance in monkeys. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 93:522-537, 1979.

Kurtz, D. and Butter, C.M. Impairments in visual discrimination performance and gaze shifts in monkeys with superior colliculus lesions. Brain Res., 196:109-124, 1980.

Butter, C.M. Representations of the environment, multiple brain maps and control systems. Commentary on: Multiple representations of space underlying behavior, Leiblich & Arbib. Behav. Brain Sci., 5:641, 1982.

Fox, P.C., Eichenbaum, H. & Butter, C.M. The role of frontal cortex-reticular interactions in acquisition and extinction of the classically conditioned nictitating membrane response in the rabbit. Behav. Brain Res., 5:143-156, 1982.

Kurtz, D., Leiby, C.C. & Butter, C.M. Further analysis of the S-R separation deficit in monkeys with superior colliculus lesions. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol., 96:35-46, 1982.

Leiby, C.C., Bender, D.B. and Butter, C.M. Localization and detection of visual stimuli in monkeys with pulvinar lesions. Exper. Brain Res., 48:449-454, 1982.

Nagel-Leiby, S., Bender, D. and Butter, C. Effects of kainic acid and radio-frequency lesions of the pulvinar on visual discrimination in the monkey. Brain Res., 300:295-303, 1984.

Azzato, M.C. & Butter, C.M. Visual search in cynomolgus monkeys: stimulus parameters affecting two stages of visual search. Percept. Psychophys., 36:169-176, 1984.

Campbell, A.L., Butter, C.M. & Leiby, C.C. Effects of inferior temporal lesions on visual discrimination performance in monkeys with complete and incomplete striate cortex ablations. Behav. Neurosci., 98:935-945, 1984.

Cowey, A., Smith, B. & Butter, C.M. Effects of damage to superior colliculi and pre-tectum on movement discrimination in rhesus monkeys. Exper. Brain Res., 56:79-91, 1984.

Butter, C.M. & Hobbelen, J.F. Monocular pattern discrimination in rabbits with unilateral interuption of the middle cerebral artery. Behav. Brain Res., 13:193-196, 1984.

Luh, K.E., Butter, C.M. and Buchtel, H.A. Impairments in orienting to visual stimuli in monkeys following unilateral lesions of the superior temporal sulcal polysensory cortex. Neuropsychol., 1986, 24:461-470.

Bender, D.B. and Butter, C.M. Comparison of the effects of superior colliculus and pulvinar lesions on visual search and tachistoscopic pattern discrimination in monkeys. Exper. Brain Res., 69:140-154, 1987.

Buchtel, H.A. and Butter, C.M. Spatial attentional shifts: Implications for the role of polymodal brain structures. Neuropsychol., 26: 499-509, 1987.

Butter, C.M., Rapcsak, S., Watson, R.T. and Heilman, K.M. Sensory inattention, directional hypokinesia and "release" of visual grasp following a unilateral frontal lesion: A case report. Neuropsychol., 26:533-545, 1988.

Butter, C.M., Mark, V.W. and Heilman, K.M. An experimental analysis of factors underlying neglect in line bisection. Neurol., Neurosurg, Psychiatr., 51:1581-1583, 1988.

Butter, C.M., Evans, J., Kirsch, N. and Kewman, D. Altitudinal neglect following traumatic brain injury: A case report. Cortex, 25:135-146, 1989.

Butter, C.M., Buchtel, H.A., and Santucci, R. Spatial attentional shifts: further evidence for the role of polysensory mechanisms using visual and tactile stimuli. Neuropsychol., 27:1231-1240, 1989.

Butter, C.M., Kirsch, N.L. and Reeves, G. The effect of lateralized dynamic stimuli on unilateral spatial neglect following right hemisphere lesions. Rest. Neurol. & Neurosci., 2:39-46, 1990.

Butter, C.M. Functional specialization in the visual system: retinotopic or body centered? Behav. Brain Sci., 13:548-49, 1990.

Butter, C.M. Review of "Brain Mechanisms in Problem Solving and Intelligence" by R. Thompson, F.M. Crinella and J. Yu. Contemp. Psychol., 36:953-954, 1991.

Butter, C.M. and Laeng, B. Neuropsychology - Exclusive or inclusive? Behav. Brain Sci., 14:442-443, 1991.

Butter, C.M. and Kirsch, N. Combined and separate effects of eye patching and visual stimulation on unilateral neglect following stroke. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehab., 73:1133-1139, 1992.

Butter, C.M. Effect of stimuli in right hemispace on left-sided neglect in a cancellation task. Neuropsychol., 30:859-864, 1992.

Laeng, B., Berridge, K.C. and Butter, C.M. Pleasantness of a sweet taste during hunger and satiety: Effects of gender and "sweet tooth." Appetite, 21:247-254, 1993.

Trobe, J.D. and Butter, C.M. A screening test for integrative visual dysfunction in Alzheimer’s Disease. Arch. Ophthalmol., 111:815-818, 1993.

Butter, C.M. and Trobe, J.D. Integrative agnosia following progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Cortex, 30: 145-158, 1994.

Butter, C.M. and Kirsch, N. Effect of lateralized visual cues on visual search in patients with unilateral spatial neglect. J. clin. exp. Neuropsychol., 17:856-867, 1995.

Butter, C.M., Trobe, J.D., Foster, N.L. and Berent, S. Visual symptoms in Alzheimer’s Disease are related to visual spatial deficits. Arch. Ophthal., 122:97-105, 1996.

Laeng, B., Buchtel, H.A. and Butter, C.M. Tactile rod bisection: Hemispheric Activation and sex differences. Neuropsychol., 34:1115-1121, 1996.

Buchtel, H.A., Butter, C.M. and Ayvasik, B. Effects of stimulus source and intensity on covert orientation to auditory stimuli. Neuropsychol., 34:979-985, 1996.

Butter, C.M., Kosslyn, S., Mijovic-Prelec, D. and Riffle, A. Field-specific deficits in visual imagery following hemianopia due to unilateral occipital infarcts, Brain, 120:217-228, 1997.

Cornblath, W.T., Butter, C.M., Barnes, L.L., Hasselbach, M.M. Spatial characteristics of cerebral polyopsia: A case study. Vision Res., 38: 3965-3978, 1998.

Butter, C. M. and Goodale, M. Visual search selectively enhances recognition of the search target. Visual Cognition, 7:7669-7782, 2000.

Butter, Charles M. Anton Raederscheidt's distorted self-portraits and thier significance for understanding balance in art. J. Hist. Neurosci., 13:66-78, 2004

   
   
Books

Butter, C.M. Neuropsychology: The Study of Brain and Behavior. Brooks/Cole Publishing Co., April, 1968.

Butter, C.M. Crossing Cultural Borders:  Universals in Art and Their Biological Roots, CreateSpace 2011.

   
   
Chapters in Books

Butter, C.M., Mishkin, M. & Rosvold, H.E. Stimulus generalization in monkeys with inferotemporal and lateral occipital lesions. In: Stimulus Generalization, D. Mostofsky (Ed.), Stanford University Press, 1965.

Butter, C.M., Kurtz, D., Leiby, C.C. & Campbell, A. Contrasting methods in the study of visually-guided behavior following striate cortex and superior colliculus lesions in monkeys. In: Advances in the Analysis of Visual Behavior, D. Ingle (Ed.), M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Mass, 1982.

Butter, C.M. Varieties of attention and disturbances of attention: a neuropsychological analysis. In: Neurophysiological and Neuropsychological Aspects of Spatial Neglect, M. Jeannerod (Ed.), North Holland Publ., Amsterdam, 1987.

Hasselbach, M. and Butter, C.M. Ipsilesional displacement of egocentric midline in neglect patients with, but not in those without, extensive right parietal damage. In: Parietal Lobe Contribution to Orientation in Three-Dimensional Space. P. Thier, H.-O. Karnath (eds.) Springer-Verlag, 2001.

Butter, Charles M. Selective visual attention, visual search and visual awareness. In: Progress in Brain Research, C. A. Hayward and A. D. Milner (Eds.), Chapt 13,  2004.

   
   

Recent abstracts, preliminary communications, panel discussions

Nagel, S. & Butter, C.M. Tectal and cortical projections to nucleus lateralis posterior in the rat. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., 1979.


Kurtz, D., Leiby, C.C. & Butter, C.M. Reaching to the periphery abolishes deficits in peripheral vision of monkeys with superior colliculus lesions. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., 1980.


Azzato, M., Leiby, C.C., Butter, C.M., Bender, D.B. and Shirley, D. Effects of superior colliculus and pulvinar lesions on visual search in cynomolgus monkeys. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., 7:761, 1981.


Luh, K.E., Butter, C.M. & Buchtel, H.A. Effects of unilateral superior temporal sulcus lesions on visual orientation in monkeys. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr., 10:59, 1984.


Butter, C.M., Rapcsak, S.Z., Heilman, K.M. and Watson, R. Changes in sensory and motor aspects of attention following unilateral frontal lesion. (abstr.), J. clin. exp. Neuropsychol., 9:77, 1987.


Butter, C.M., Kirsch, N. and Reeves, G. Analysis of factors underlying unilateral spatial neglect (USN) Soc. Neurosci. Abstr. 15:721, 1989.


Butter, C.M., Trobe, J., Foster, N. and Berent, S. A new, brief battery of tests for the detection of focal visuospatial deficits in the early stages of Alzheimer’s Disease. J. clin. exp. Neuropsychol., 12:21, 1990.


Laeng, B., Butter, C.M. and Buchtel, H.A. Pseudoneglect for tactile line bisection in normal subjects. J. clin. exp. Neuropsychol., 12:84, 1990.


Buchtel, H.A., Butter, C.M. and Ayvasik, B. Effects of stimulus source, intensity and task demands on orienting of attention to auditory stimuli. J. clin. exp. Neuropsychol., 13:78, 1991.


Laeng, B. and Butter, C.M. Sex difference in spatial neglect. Soc. Neurosci. Abstr. 17:868, 1991


Butter, C.M. Integrative agnosia following HIV brain infection. J clin. exp. Neuropsychol., 9:412, 1992.


Butter, C.M. and Kirsch, N. Effect of lateralized kinetic visual cues on visual search in patients with unilateral neglect. Poster presented at first annual meeting of Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco, March, 1994.


Hasselbach, M. and Butter, C.M. Egocentric midline displacement in patients with right cerebral damage. Poster presented at second annual meeting of Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco, April, 1995.


Butter, C.M. and Barnes, L.L. Anosognosia for hemiplegia dissociated from judgement of motor impairment in others. Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco, April, 1995.


Butter, C.M. and Miller, N. Spatial biases varying with distance from midline. Society for Cognitive Neuroscience, San Francisco, April, 1998.

   
   

Research Interests

Cognitive Neuroscience; Brain Mechanisms of Attention, Perception; Brain and Art

 

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