Department of Linguistics
University of Michigan
PhD THESIS, 2007: Language contact and children's bilingual acquisition: learning a mixed language and Warlpiri in northern Australia
In prep. Meakins, Felicity and Carmel O'Shannessy (Eds) (accepted). Loss and Renewal: Australian Languages since Colonisation. Berlin: De Gruyter.
In progress. O'Shannessy, Carmel (Ed) Acquisition in Contact. Frontiers Research Topic.
To appear. O'Shannessy, Carmel. Multilingual children show language differentiation through indexing communities of practice. In Kidd, Evan, Wigglesworth, Gillian and Kelly, Barbara (Eds) Special Issue of First Language on Language acquisition in Indigenous contexts. The data used in the statistical analyses are available here.
To appear. O'Shannessy, Carmel. Entrenchment of Light Warlpiri morphology. In Meakins, Felicity and Carmel O'Shannessy (Eds) Loss and Renewal: Australian Languages Since Contact. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter
To appear. O'Shannessy, Carmel. Warlpiri and language contact. In Grant, Anthony (Ed) Oxford Handbook of Language Contact
To appear. O'Shannessy, Carmel. Distributions of case allomorphy by multilingual children speaking Warlpiri and Light Warlpiri. In Lacoste, Véronique and Lisa Green (Eds) Child Language Variation: Socio-Geographical Significance and Formal Approaches. Special issue of Linguistic Variation.
2015 O'Shannessy, Carmel. Typological and social factors influencing a new mixed language, Light Warlpiri. In Stell, Gerald and Kofi Yakpo (Eds) Code-switching Between Structural and Sociolinguistic Perspectives. Berlin: De Gruyter pp289 - 304
2013 O'Shannessy, Carmel. Methods in researching children's acquisition of sociolinguistic competence. In Holmes, Janet and Kirk Hazen (Eds) Research Methods in Sociolinguistics: A practical guide. Malden/Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell pp 304-324
2013 O'Shannessy, Carmel. The role of multiple sources in the formation of an innovative auxiliary category in Light Warlpiri, a new Australian mixed language. Language 89 (2) 328-353
2012 O'Shannessy, Carmel. The role of code-switched input to children in the origin of a new mixed language. Linguistics 50 (2) 305 - 340
2012 Meakins, Felicity and Carmel O'Shannessy. Typological constraints on verb integration in two Australian mixed languages Journal of Language Contact 5 (2) pp 216 - 246
2012 O'Shannessy, Carmel and Felicity Meakins. Comprehension of competing argument marking systems in two Australian mixed languages. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 15 (2) pp 378-396
2011 O'Shannessy, Carmel. Competition between word order and case-marking in interpreting grammatical relations: a case study in multilingual acquisition. Journal of Child Language 38 pp 763-792
2011 O'Shannessy, Carmel. Language contact and change in endangered languages. In Austin, Peter K and Julia Sallabank (Eds) The Cambridge Handbook of Endangered Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press pp 78-99
2011 O'Shannessy, Carmel. Young Children's Social Meaning-Making in a New Mixed Language. In Eickelkamp Ute (Ed) Growing Up in Central Australia - Indigenous Experiences of Childhood, Youth and Transformations. New York: Berghahn Books pp 131-155
2010 Meakins, Felicity and Carmel O'Shannessy. Ordering arguments about: Word order and discourse motivations in the development and use of the ergative marker in two Australian mixed languages. Lingua 120: 7 pp 1693-1713
2009 O'Shannessy, Carmel. Language variation and change in a north Australian indigenous community. In James N. Stanford and Dennis R. Preston (Eds) Variation in Indigenous Minority Languages, Amsterdam/Philadephia: John Benjamins pp419-439
2008 O'Shannessy, Carmel. Children's production of their heritage language and a new mixed language. In Simpson, Jane and Gillian Wigglesworth (Eds) Children's Language and Multilingualism. London, New York: Continuum International Press pp 261 - 282
2006 O'Shannessy, Carmel. Language contact and children’s bilingual acquisition: learning a mixed language and Warlpiri in northern Australia. PhD Dissertation. Sydney: University of Sydney.
2005 O'Shannessy, Carmel. Light Warlpiri - a new language Australian Journal of Linguistics 25 (1) 31-57
2005 Meakins, Felicity and Carmel O'Shannessy. "Possessing variation: age and inalienability related variables in the possessive constructions of two Australian mixed languages". In Simon Musgrave (Ed) Monash University Linguistics Papers: Language contact, hybrids and new varieties: emergent possessive constructions. Department of Linguistics, Monash University, Australia Vol 4, No 2 43-63
2015 Processes in the stabilisation and autonomy of Light Warlpiri, an emerging mixed language. School of Languages and Linguistics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne. May 8.
2015 The roles of children and adults in language creation and differentiation: a case study of Light Warlpiri and Warlpiri. Centre for Language Sciences (CLaS) at Macquarie University, Sydney. April 22.
2015 React locally: How language creation can be a response to global language pressures. Humanities Research Centre Seminar Series 2015 , Australian National University, Canberra. March 17
2015 Social practice and language differentiation. Inaugural seminar, Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language, Australian National University, Canberra. March 20
2015 Contact languages and Light Warlpiri. In public symposium: How language evolves. Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny, University of California San Diego, San Diego, Feb 20. Watch talk here on UCTV.
2015 Light Warlpiri as an autonomous system. In private symposium: How language evolves. Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny, University of California San Diego, San Diego, Feb 21
2013 Evidence against intentionality in the emergence of Light Warlpiri, a mixed language in northern Australia. Intentional Language Change Workshop, University of Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands Sep 27-28
2013 Age and contact-induced language change. Workshop on Diachronic Linguistics, LSA Linguistic Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, June 30
2013 Contact language typology and type of innovation: Light Warlpiri as a case study. School of Languages and Linguistics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, June 7
2013 Multiple sources and innovation in Light Warlpiri. College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, May 31
2013 What can we learn from younger speakers in endangered language contexts? - a case study of Light Warlpiri speakers. Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS), Canberra, May 28
2012 The role of multiple sources in the creation of novel formal categories in a new mixed language: Light Warlpiri as a case study. Workshop on Language, Variation and Change, University of Chicago, Dec 3
2012 Structural innovation and retention of codeswitching patterns in Light Warlpiri, a new mixed language in northern Australia. Workshop: 'Code-switching at the crossroads between structural and sociolinguistic perspectives', Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, University of Freiburg, Germany June 7-8
2012 The role of multiple sources in the development of an innovative auxiliary system in Light Warlpiri, a new mixed language in north Australia. Collquium, University of Michigan, Feb 17
2011 A case study in multilingual language acquisition. Language acquisition in the Bismarck Islands (Papua New Guinea): Towards a Research Plan Research Centre for Linguistic Typology, La Trobe University, Melbourne March 4-5
2009 Bilingualism and creativity: new structures. Invited speaker at Mellon workshop on 'Bilingualism and Mind', Syracuse University, October 7-8
2008 Can Child Directed Speech lead to a new language? Colloquium. Syracuse University, Linguistics Department, Dec 5
2008 Coding a register: how a language register has led to the formation of a new code. Colloquium. Michigan State University, Linguistics Department, October 23
2008 Language contact and acquisition: Learning a new mixed language and Walpiri. Keynote address at 16th Annual Symposium about Language and Society - Austin, University of Texas Austin, April 11-13
2008 Language contact and acquisition in northern Australia. Invited colloquium speaker. Department of Linguistics, University of Indiana, Bloomington, Indiana, February 5.
2007 Language change and variation in northern Australia: a new mixed language emerges. Colloquium. University of Michigan. February 1
2006 Testing the productive skills of Indigenous children in a linguistically complex community: some methodological issues. 28th Annual Language Testing Research Colloquium. University of Melbourne, June 28
2006 Language contact in northern Australia - a new mixed language arises. Nijmegen Bilingualism Group, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, April 11
2006 O'Shannessy, Carmel Language contact in northern Australia - a new mixed language arises. University of Tilburg, The Netherlands, February 9
2006 [Invited poster] Which types of code-switching can lead to new mixed languages? Conference: Linguistic and psycholinguistic approaches to code-switching and language switching. Hosted by Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands May 22
2015 "Informed pedagogy in the light of Fishman’s five questions". In symposium: Language pedagogy and practice in Indigenous Australia: Learning observations from infancy to teenhood. International Conference on Language Documentation and Conservation University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawai'i. Feb 26 - Mar 1
2015 "Indexing a community of practice drives language differentiation and stabilisation". Australian Languages Weekend, ARC Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language, Australian National University, Kioloa, NSW. March 7
2014 “Reduced variation in Light Warlpiri”. In workshop ‘Australian languages in contact since colonisation’, Australian National University, March 5-6
2013 "Social and cultural factors in the emergence of Light Warlpiri, a new mixed language in Australia". In panel: 'Youth language, hibridity, and new publics in diverse global contexts'. American Anthropological Association Annual Conference, Chicago, Nov 20-23
2013 "Distributions of morphology in a new mixed language, Light Warlpiri". New Ways of analyzing Variation (NWAV), University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Oct 17-19
2013 "Retention and innovation in Light Warlpiri, a new mixed code in northern Australia", in colloquium: 'Child multilingual acquisition in remote Indigenous Australian communities', 9th International Symposium on Bilingualism, Nyanyang Technological University, Singapore June 10-13
2013 "What younger speakers have to teach us: a case study of Light Warlpiri speakers". International Conference on Language Documentation and Conservation, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Feb 28-Mar 3
2013 "The role of multiple sources in the creation of novel formal catgeories: Light Warlpiri as a case study". Society of Pidgin and Creole Languages, Linguistic Society of America Annual Conference, Boston, Jan 4-7
2012 "Development of an innovative auxiliary paradigm in Light Warlpiri, a new mixed code in northern Australia". New Ways of Analysing Variation (NWAV), University of Indiana, Bloomington, Oct 25-28, 2012
2012 "Morphosyntactic innovation and continuity in a new mixed code". Linguistic Society of America (LSA) Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, Jan 5-7
2012 [poster] "Light Warlpiri - language maintenance and identity in Northern Australia". CREAL conference 'Racing Language, Languaging Race', Stanford University May 3-4
2011 "Innovative distributions of case-marking in a new mixed language" International Symposium on Bilingualism, University of Oslo, Norway June 15-18
2011 Meakins, Felicity and O'Shannessy, Carmel "Typological constraints on verb integration in Gurindji Kriol and Light Warlpiri" Rethinking Contact-Induced Change, University of Leiden, The Netherlands June 8-11
2011 "Innovative structures form in a new mixed language" New ways of analyzing variation - Asia Pacific Conference (NWAV-AP) University of Delhi, India Feb 23-26
2010 "Innovation and creativity in a new mixed language". Central Australia Linguistics Circle, Alice Springs, March 26
2007 "A new mixed language arises in northern Australia". Michigan Linguistics Society. Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI. November 10.
2007 "A new mixed language arises in northern Australia". Language contact and morphosyntactic variation and change workshop at Association for Linguistic Typology Conference. Paris, Research Ministry. September 20-24
2007 "The emergence of a new mixed language in northern Australia and children's bilingual acquisition". Central Australian Linguistic Circle, Charles Darwin University, Alice Springs, April 19
2007 McConvell, Patrick and Carmel O'Shannessy "Interaction of ethnographic and other methods in investigating language change among Australian indigenous children Linguistic Ethnography Seminar: Linguistic ethnographies of children and youth". Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid (Spain) 14 April
2006 "The emergence of a new mixed language in northern Australia and children's bilingual acquisition". Top End Linguistic Circle, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Darwin, NT, August 4
2006 O'Shannessy, Carmel and F. Meakins. "Comprehending Ergative Marking and Word Order in Light Warlpiri and Gurindji Kriol". Workshop on contact languages, Australian languages workshop, Pearl Beach, Australia, March 17
2005 O'Shannessy, Carmel and Felicity Meakins. The 4-M Model and two Mixed Languages in Australia. Language Contact and Acquisition Workshop. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway Aug 1-5.
2005 [poster] "Language separation and children's simultaneous acquisition of two optional ergative languages". 10th International Congress for the study of Child Language, Berlin, July 25-29
2005 McConvell, P, F. Meakins, and C. O'Shannessy. "Functional competition between elements from different source languages in two Mixed Languages in Australia". Conference: Creole language structure: between substrates and superstrates. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig 3-5 June
2005 McConvell, P, F. Meakins, and C. O'Shannessy. "Aboriginal Child Language Acquisition Project (ACLA)". Invited talk presented to Psychology and Acquisition group, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig 1 June
2005 "Acquisition of word order and case marking in a multilingual context". Aboriginal Child Language Acquisition workshop, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, April 18, 2005
2004 "In an environment with variable multilingual input, what kinds of regularity are there?" Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, October 26.
2004 Disbray, S, McConvell, P, Meakins, F, Moses, K, O'Shannessy, C, Simpson, J, Wigglesworth, G. "What languages are Aboriginal children learning?" ACLA Project, Australian Institute for Aboriginal and Islander Studies Annual Conference, Canberra, 18 October
2004 McConvell, Patrick, Felicity Meakins and Carmel O'Shannessy. "Gurindji Kriol and Light Warlpiri". International Working Symposium: Language contact, hybrids and new varieties: Emergent possessive constructions, Monash University, Melbourne 3-4 September
2004 Meakins, F and C. O'Shannessy. 2004 "Shifting Functions of Ergative Case-marking in Light Warlpiri and Gurindji Kriol". Australian Linguistic Society Annual Conference, University of Sydney, 13-15 July
2003 "How Lajamanu children learn Warlpiri and Lajamanu Mixed Speech". Central Australian Language Acquisition project workshop, Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Education, Alice Springs, Australia, July 1
2003 "Initial impressions of a newly emerging language variety in Central Australia". Linguistics Workshop, University of Osnabruck, Germany, April 26
2002 "Children's speech in Lajamanu". University of Sydney Linguistics Seminars, University of Sydney, Australia (May 31)
2002 "Children's speech in Lajamanu". Australian Linguistic Institute (Indigenous Languages Program), MacQuarie University, Sydney, Australia (July 15)
2001 "Lajamanu Children's Speech". Australian Linguistic Society Annual Conference, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, September
2001 O'Shannessy, Carmel and White, Gracie. "Lajamanu Children's Speech". Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS), Canberra, November