Janet and Robert Wolfe Genealogy --- Go to Genealogy Page for Christopher Hartman --- Go to Genealogy Page for Mary Rebecca Hutchinson

Notes for Christopher Hartman and Mary Rebecca Hutchinson

1750 In a pension application Christopher Hartman testified that "he has a record of his age taken from his fathers bible. He was born on the 6th day of May 1750" [1]. An 1880 census record for daughter Rachel reports Christopher Hartman's birthplace as Hesse [2]. His birth has been reported in Swintzburg, Hesse Cassel, Germany [3][4](perhaps Schweinsberg, Hesse, Allendorf, Germany). Another report gives his birth on May 6, 1750 in Livintzburg, Prussia and emigration to America in 1753 with his father and four brothers [5].

Christopher Hartman fought in the American Revolution, which is ironic because many British mercenaries were hired from Hesse-Cassel. [6]

1753 "He was born in Germany and when about two or three years old came with his father and his fathers family to Bucks County Pennsylvania" [7][8][9]. Conrad Hartman posted a notice in 1759 that he had come from Germany in 1753 with his wife and four children, namely Johann Christopher, Johann Jost, Johann George, and Anna Catherine and that Johann George, and Anna Catherina were bound out. [10]. Descendants (likely) reported that Christopher immigrated with three older brothers [11] of with four brothers [12].

1755 On 24 March, Mary Rebecca Hutchinson was born in Mercer County, New Jersey. [13][14][15]

c 1759 Christopher Hartman's father, Conrad Hartman, died in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. [16]

1759-1771 Christopher Hartman moved with his mother to Burlington County, New Jersey, and Christopher was apprenticed to Joseph Bullock to learn farming. Christopher worked for Joseph Bullock until age 21. [17] We suspect that Christopher was apprenticed to Joseph Bullock [18], who married Elizabeth Wright.

1771-1776 Christopher Hartman worked in the dye works in Burlington County and then moved to Middlesex county, New Jersey. [19]

1775-83 Christian Hartman, Conrad Hartman, and Cornelius Hartman were listed among privates who served in the Middlesex Militia in the War of the Revolution 1775-83. [20]

1776 Christopher Hartman and Mary Hutchinson were married in New Jersey in Middlesex County [now Mercer County]. The marriage date has been reported variously as Aug or 20 Apr 1776 [21]. Christopher Hartman and Mary were married in Cranberry, Middlesex County, New Jersey by a Presbyterian clergy named Smith on April 20, 1777, based on Mary's memory in 1837 [22][23].

1776 Christopher Hartman was in Middlesex County when he was first called into the service of the United States in the month of January in the same year that General Montgomery was killed at Quebec (Montgomery died in December, 1775). Christopher Hartman, with others, was called to go to Long Island to disarm the tories in which expedition they took six wagon loads of arms which they brought with them over to New Jersey. He was called out as a Minuteman of the Militia of New Jersey, and was on several expeditions until the British took New York, at which time they were dispersed and went home. There were many other expeditions throughout the war. [24]

c 1776 Christopher Hartman was a soldier of the Revolution in Smallwood's regiment. He fought in the Revolutionary War for 18 months with Wayne's Penn Regiment, including the Battle of Brandywine. [25]

1778 to 1796 Christopher Hartman and Rebecca had eight children, three sons and five daughters: William was born 17 Feb 1778; Isaac, 2 Sep 1779; Rebecca, 13 Jan 1781; Elizabeth, 22 May 1783; Catherine, 27 Sep 1785; Samuel, 19 Mar 1790; Fannie, 5 Mar 1793; and Rachel, 29 Dec 1796.

All of Clermont County, Ohio was in the Virginia Military District, which was an area of over four million acres of land reserved by Virginia and used as payment for veterans of the Revolutionary War. Virginia issued bounty land grants in this District until Ohio became a state in 1803.

1793 Christian (sic) Hartman (age 44), Conrad Hartman (age 30) and John Hartman (age 27) were listed among able bodied white males between the age of 18-45 in South Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey. [26]

1793 In April, Christopher Hartman was listed among the privates in Captain Richard Laird's Company of Middlesex Militia. Jonathan Hartman was a Corporal. [27]

1795 On 10 October, Christiyon and Mary Hartman [Hortman] left the Hightstown Baptist church in New Jersey. [28]

1795 Christopher Hartman and Rebecca moved to Virginia territory (now Fayette County, Kentucky) [29][30] along with Mary Rebecca's brother Ezekiel. They came by land as far as Washington, Pennsylvania, a small town on the Monongahela River, where, with several other families, Christopher built a boat. They embarked down the Ohio River on a perilous voyage of three weeks and settled near Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky. [31][32]

1800 Christopher Hartman was taxed in Jessamine County, Kentucky. [33]

1801 Christopher Hartman moved to Williamsburg, Ohio in November or December [34]. On August 3, Christopher Hartman of Jessamine County, Kentucky bought 360 acres at Pleasant Run, 2 miles west of Marathon, Clermont County, Ohio from William Lytle for $720 [35]. In December, he purchased 500 acres of land in what would latter be Jackson Twp, Clermont County, Ohio from William Lytle. [36][37][38][39]

1801 Christopher Hartman and Mary Hutchinson are listed as early Clermont County, Ohio pioneers from Germany and NJ, respectively. [40]

1802 In the spring the Hartman’s built a log cabin in Jackson Twp [41]. This would also become the first hotel in the township. Mr. Hartman was known as one of the best millwrights in Southern Ohio. [42]

1805 A road was planned to pass by the plantation of Christopher Hartman and intersect the state road nearby. [43]

1806 Mary's brother Ezekial moved to Clermont County, Ohio from Middlesex, now Etra, Mercer County, New Jersey. The first apple orchard in the township was established on Ezekiel Hutchinson’s farm in 1807 with trees brought from New Jersey.

1806 Christopher Hartman was taxed in Clermont County, Ohio. [44]

1807 On 6 September, William Lytle granted 460 acres to Christian Hartman, perhaps this Christopher, for £1000. [45]

1807 On 28 December, Christopher Hartman and his sons William and Isaac were named in the Western Spy and Hamilton Gazette newspaper in Clermont County, Ohio [46] "Alexander M'Callester, William Hartman, and William Hunter, in Clermont County , Williamsburgh township, report that Christopher Hartman found a mare. Wm. Hunter, Isaac Hartman & Robert Dickey, in Clermont County , Williamsburgh township, say that William Fletcher found a mare."

1808 Robert Hutchinson and his wife, Elizabeth moved to Clermont County from New Jersey.

1809 Christopher Hartman was taxed in Clermont County, Ohio. [47]

1810 Christopher Hartman was taxed in Clermont County, Ohio. [48][49]

1810 Christopher Hartman set out an apple orchard in Jackson Twp, Clermont County, Ohio. [50]

1815 "Taken up, by Christopher Hartman of Williamsburgh township Clermont County, a bay Mare, seven years old next spring, two hind feet white up to the pastern joint, fourteen hands high...". [51]

1820 Households were listed for Christopher (and Mary), Isaac (son?), Yeunt?, and William (son) Hartman, Ezekiel (Mary's brother) and Aron (Mary's brother or nephew) Hutchison, and John Page (son-in-law) in Williamsburg, Clermont County, Ohio. [52][53]

1830 Households for William, Isaac, and Christopher Hartman were listed in the census for Williamsburg, Clermont County, Ohio. A male age 80-90 and a female age 70-80 were listed in Christopher Hartman's household, along with two younger generations [54]. These ages match the birthdates for Christopher and Mary. The names and ages of Isaac and William match those of two of their sons. On the next page of the census, Ezekiel age 60-70 was listed near to Aron, Aron 2nd, and John M Hutchison. Ezekiel was likely Mary's brother. [55]

1831-33 Christopher Hartman received a pension of $80, while he lived in Ohio between Sep 1831 and Mar 1833, for his service in the New Jersey militia for the Revolutionary war. His death was listed as 16 March on the pension record. [56]

Pension records for Adam Bicker named Rebecca Bicker and Catharine Hartman, Christopher Hartman, Elizabeth Hartman, Fanny Hartman, Isaac Hartman, Mary Hartman, Rachel Hartman, Rebecah Bicker, Rebecca Hartman, Samuel Hartman, and William Hartman. [57]

1833 Christopher Hartman died 16 March 1833, aged eight-three years [58][59]. Christopher Hartman's will was dated 3 February 1826 in Williamsburg Twp, Ohio with probate in Clermont County in August 1833. The will named wife Mary, daughter Rebecca Brinker, daughter Elizabeth Roudebush, deceased daughter Catherine McAdams, daughter Rachel Page, three sons William, Isaac, and Samuel. Sons Wiliam and Isaac were named executors. The court appointed Ezekiel Hutchinson, James Gorman, and Aaron Hutchinson as appraisers. [60]. Christopher Hartman was buried in the family lot sect 2 lot 48 #26, Jackson Twp, Clermont County, Ohio. [61] The estate was in probate P.R. D-482 dated Feb-Mar 1834.

1834 Mary Hartman was named as the widow of Christopher Hartman on a pension application. [62][63]

1834 The Hartman House Log Cabin was built, now on the Southeast corner of Aber Road and US Route 50. This was east of Owensville. The grounds include a 1/4 mile walking trail that takes you by the orchard and a bridge to the adjoining historic Hartman Cemetery in Williamsburg, Clermont County, Ohio.

Marker for Hartman log cabin.

1837 Mary Hartman, widow of Christopher, reported the family history in an application for benefits. After her marriage to Christopher, he was called to Staten Island and to Newark during the war and he served during the battle of Monmouth, although he was not at that battlefield.

1838 Christopher Hartman of Clermont County was listed on the pension list for service in the New Jersey militia. He was placed on the pension roll on 14 May 1833 at age 84. [64]

1839 Mary died 6 Aug, aged 84 years [65]. Her death has alternatively been listed as 13 March 1838 [66] or as 8 September 1838 [67]

1833-39 Christopher Hartman and Mary were buried in the Hartman cemetery in Williamsburg, Clermont County, Ohio. Christopher's gravestone indicates Christopher Hartman d Mar 15 1833 Rev War 82y-10m-9d.

and

Christopher Hartman's Gravestones. [68]

Research Notes:

"Christopher Hartman was born in 1750 in Germany at Swintzburg, Hesse Cassel, and when three years old his parents emigrated to Pennsylvania with his fours sons, John, Joseph, George and Christopher. The latter was in Wayne’s Pennsylvania regiment for eighteen months and in the Brandywine battle. He married in 1776, Mary Hutchinson, of New Jersey, by whom he had the following children: William, Isaac, Samuel, Elizabeth, married to Jacob Roudebush, Catharine, to Ephraim McAdams, Rachel to John Page, Rebecca to Adam Bricker, and Fanny died unmarried. Mr. Hartman subsequently served in Smallwood’s Maryland brigade. He was the best millwright in southern Ohio and died March 16, 1833, leaving a very numerous posterity in Jackson township, where he kept the first hotel two hundred yards south of the present residence of J. K. Hartman in a cabin he built in 1802, to which he came from Kentucky in 1801, having gone there from Pennsylvania in 1795." [69]

"Christopher Hartman was born in 1750 in Swintzburg, Hesse Cassel, Germany, whence he was brought in 1753 by his father Christopher Hartman Sr, with three older brothers to Philadelphia. Christopher, Jr., served in Smallwood's regiment in the Revolution. His wife, Mary, to whom he was married in 1776, was born March 24, 1755, in Mercer county, New Jersey. In September, 1795, they moved to Lexington, Ky., and in November, 1801, to Williamsburg. In 1802 he settled on five hundred acres in what is Jackson township, where he died March 16, 1833, and Mary, his wife August 6, 1839. Christopher Hartman was granted a pension on May 14, 1833, for service in the Revolution in the New Jersey militia." [70]

"The next settler in the area was a native of Germany and a Revolutionary war soldier, Christopher Hartman. In 1776 Hartman married Mary Hutchinson of Mercer County, New Jersey. In 1795 the Hartmans immigrated to Lexington, Kentucky and lived there until November, 1801, when he moved to Williamsburg, Ohio. In December of that year, he purchased 500 acres of land in the future Jackson Township from William Lytle. In 1802 the Hartman’s built a log cabin on the land and moved in. This would also become the first hotel in the township. Mr. Hartman was known to be one of the best millwrights in Southern Ohio. His wife died in August of 1839 at the age of 84 years and Mr. Hartman passed away March 16, 1833 at the age of 83 years." [71]

"The grandfather of Robert S. Hartman was Christopher Hartman, born May 6, 1750 ; Mary Hutchinson, his wife was born March 24, 1755 ; they were the parents of eight children — William, born Feb. 17, 1778 ; Isaac, Sept. 2, 1779 ; Rebecca, June 3, 1781 ; Elizabeth, May 22, 1783 ; Katharine, Sept. 27, 1785 ; Samuel, March 19, 1790 ; Fanny. March 5, 1793; Rachael, Dec. 29, 1796." [72]

"Christopher Hartman born in Swintzburg, Germany on May 6, 1750, in the Dominion of Hesse Cassel as recorded in his father's bible. He was the youngest of the 5 children. He and his family arrived in America in 1753, when he was 2 ½ or 3 years old. The family settled in Bucks County, Pa.. When his father died Christopher was 8 years old. At this time Mary and her family then moved to Burlington County, Pa.. It is not known what her family consisted of at the death of Conrad. Here Christopher was bound-out, as an apprentice, to Joseph Bullock (perhaps Joseph Bullock of Burlington County, New Jersey died 1792) to learn farming. Christopher later in life was a master millwright. He stayed with Bullock until the age 21 and then began working at the dye works in Burlington. He subsequently moved into Middlesex County, Cranbury, New Jersey. It is assumed that both Christopher and his mother made this move. Cranbury was Mary's last known address and she possibly died in Cranbury circa 1795. It was at this time that Christopher moved his family to Kentucky. In Cranbury, Christopher met the William and Catherine Hutchinson family from Milford with their 10 sons and daughters and his wife to be. The Hutchinsons homestead stood very near, what is now Etra Lake, East Windsor Twp, Mercer County, New Jersey in a village known as Milford. Christopher and especially Ezeikel Hutchinson were great friends and minutemen together. Etra is located 2 miles from Highstown New Jersey on Rt 571 W.. Today it is nothing but the remaining early homes, housing several black families. The Milford Cemetery, known locally as the Hutchinson Cemetery, that sat next to the Methodist Church and millpond, now known as Etra Lake are all that exists of the once busy community. Christopher joined the County Minutemen Militia in pursuit of the British and was with them during the Battle of Monmouth. Christopher applied for a government pension as a private for his Revolutionary War services as a minuteman in August 1832. It was approved for $80.00 per year. Christopher died shortly after receiving his pension. During his period of military service he married Mary Hutchinson in the Presbyterian Church of Cranbury New Jersey, on April 20, 1777 by a minister named Smith. Their marriage produced eight children: William, Isaac, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Catherine, Samuel, Fannie, and Rachel. In 1793, Christopher was officially listed as a militiaman in South Amboy Twp. militia at age 43." [73]

A series of newspaper articles about Clermont County, Ohio, Revolutionary soldiers by Royal J. Bancroft was printed in the Clermont Sun in the summer of 1901 (May 22, 1901-July 24, 1901). The article about Christopher Hartman of Jackson Township was printed on June 5, 1901 [Ohio Archives, newspaper microfilm #24164]: "Christopher Hartman was born in the village of Swintzburg, Hesse Cassel, Germany, in 1750 and came to Philadelphia three years years later with his parents and three brothers, John, Joseph, and George. In 1776 he married Mary Hutchinson, born March 24, 1755 in New Jersey. He served in Smallwood's famous command in the Revolution, and in over a dozen battles and engagements. He died March 16, 1833, aged 83 and his wife August 6, 1839, aged 84. He was a millwright and one of the best in Ohio. He came to Jackson township in 1802, and founded the great family of his name in Clermont. His three sons were William, Isaac, and Samuel, who were the fathers of thirty-six children, who nearly all grew up to maturity and had families of their own. His daughters were Elizabeth, married to Jacob Roudebush; Catharine, to Ephriam McAdams; Rebecca, to Adam Bricker, a Revolutionary soldier; Rachel to John Page; and Fanny, who died in infancy. No Clermont family has ever had a greater number of relatives by marriage than the Hartman, whose descendants are very numerous in all the northern townships, and many reside in adjoining counties." [74][75][76]

"Christopher Hartman ... was born in Livintzburg, Prussia, May 6, 1750, and in 1753 came to America with his father and four brothers. He wedded Mary Hutchinson in Mercer county. New Jersey, in August, 1776, and they had three sons and five daughters, of whom Elizabeth, born May 22, 1783, in Mercer county, New Jersey, became the wife of Jacob Roudebush, great-grandfather of Allen C. Roudebush. Another daughter, Rachel, became the wife of John Page. In 1795 Christopher Hartman removed by way of the water route to Lexington, Kentucky, and in 1801 became a resident of Williamsburg township, Clermont county, Ohio, there purchasing five hundred acres of land from General Lytle. "[77]

See also [78][79][80]

The excerpt below is quoted directly from a history of the Hartman Cabin in Clermont County, prepared for the Clermont County Park District. [81]

The area surrounding the Hartman House was originally part of Williamsburg Township. It was not until 1834 that Jackson Township was formed from the northern portion of Williamsburg. The first settlers in present Jackson Township were Robert Dickey and William Hunter, who arrived from Pennsylvania in 1798. Christopher Hartman and his family moved into the county in 1802 and settled along what would become US Route 50 along Pleasant Run Creek. John Kilby Hartman was Christopher's grandson.

The villages of Marathon and Monterey had both been settled early in the 19th Century by some of the Township's earliest emigrants. Both, however, remained small villages strung out along Route 50. Monterey was not officially established as a village until 1849, while a post office was established at Marathon in 1852. The Hartman house was built approximately 1.5 miles west of Marathon and two miles east of Monterey.

Hartman Family

The early Hartman family history in Clermont County was obtained from several sources. A Family Group Form taken from The Genealogical Helper had been filled out on Christopher Hartman and his children by I. Kennard of Batavia and given to the Clermont County Library. J.R. Fomorin provided a copy of a family history handwritten by William H. Hartman (John K's nephew) in 1900. A different version of the family history was obtained from Hadley, a distant Hartman relative. The Hadleys had married into the William Hartman family in the 1800s and had acquired a portion of the original Christopher Hartman property through William.

The following Hartman family history is a compilation from the above sources.

Christopher Hartman was born on May 6, 1750 in Swintzburg, Hesse Cassel, Germany. When he was nine years old he was bound out to a farmer in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. As an adult he became a millwright. The family lived in New Jersey and Christopher served in the Revolutionary War as an infantryman in a Smallwoods New Jersey regiment. How or when he ended his military career is unknown. Although the exact location is uncertain, they probably continued to live in New Jersey into the early 1790s. By 1795, they had moved to Limestone (Maysville), Mason County, Kentucky. After an outbreak of measles in Limestone, the Hartmans moved on to Lexington for several years. In 1801, they moved to Williamsburg in Clermont County, Ohio, eventually settling near Pleasant Run Creek where Christopher purchased property from William Lytle in 1802. Christopher purchased 360 acres on Pleasant Run Creek in Virginia Military Survey No. 4780 from William Lytle in December, 1801. Unfortunately Lytle had not had the land properly surveyed and Hartman had to repurchase the property in 1807, signing a new deed for 460 total acres. Hartman applied for a tavern license from the Clermont Pleas Court in 1807 to keep to a tavern at his house, which local history has placed on Aber Road (then known as Hartman-Williamsburg Road) and south of U.S. Route 50. With no roads laid, the Hartmans and their only neighbor, William Hunter, blazed a trail from Williamsburg to their property. During the 1805 November term of the Common Pleas Court of Clermont County, court officials projected a road (now Aber Road) from Williamsburg, by the "plantations" of William Hunter and Christopher Hartman, to intersect Route 50 near the latter's residence. This was probably an improvement on the trail already created by Hartman and Hunter. Christopher Hartman did own the property surrounding the Hartman Cemetery but did not own the corner where the John K. Hartman log house stands. That would be left to his grandsons to purchase. Lytle sold 460 acres to Christopher Hartman and held onto the remaining 161 acres. This acreage included the southeast corner of Aber Road and U.S. Route 50. Lytle found himself in trouble with his creditors in the late 1820s and was forced to sell many of his large property holdings at auction. Between 1826 and 1828, Ezekiel Haines purchased over 1,000 acres of Lytle's holdings in Clermont County, including 150 acres in #4780. In 1834, Haines sold 117 and a half acres to Christopher J. Hartman (a grandson of Christopher's), who sold the acreage to his cousin John K. Hartman in 1838. This acreage was adjacent to and west of the acreage owned by Christopher Hartman and heirs, and straddled Aber Road and U.S. Route 50.


Footnotes:

[1] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[2] FamilySearch.org, US census, 1880. Ohio, Clermont, Washington, family 61, [FamilySearch_Record].

[3] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 407, [Google_Book].

[4] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 547, [HathiTrust].

[5] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 513, The text about Christopher Hartman incorrectly refers to Christopher's father, [HathiTrust].

[6] F. R. Diffenderffer, "A Remarkable Letter," Historical Papers and Addresses of the Lancaster County Historical Society 3\6 (1901), 85-89, at 85, [HathiTrust].

[7] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, [Ancestry_Image].

[8] I. Daniel Rupp, A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776, 2nd ed. (1875), 318, Left column, [Google_Book], [HathiTrust].

[9] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 407, [Google_Book].

[10] Newspaper, Pennsylvania Gazette, posted several times in 1759.

[11] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 407, [Google_Book].

[12] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 513, [HathiTrust].

[13] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 408, [Google_Book].

[14] Mary Ann Needham Hollifield, Ancestral Tracks to Clermont and Beyond Hutchinson, Abernathy, Shade, Needham (1996), 59, [Google_Book].

[15] Joseph R. Mosher, The Hutchinson Family: New Jersey to Clermont County, Ohio (1994), 19, [Google_Book].

[16] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[17] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[18] Janet and Robert Wolfe, Genealogy Page for Joseph Bullock, [JR_Wolfe_Genealogy].

[19] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[20] Russell K. Dutcher, Compiled Records of the Middlesex County, New Jersey Militia, 1791-1795 (Clearfield Company, 1996), 145, [Google_Book].

[21] W. H. McIntosh, The History of Darke County, Ohio (W. H. Beers & Co: 1890), 738, [HathiTrust], [Google_Book], [Internet_Archive].

[22] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, [Ancestry_Image].

[23] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 408, [Google_Book].

[24] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[25] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 408, [Google_Book].

[26] Russell K. Dutcher, Compiled Records of the Middlesex County, New Jersey Militia, 1791-1795 (Clearfield Company, 1996), 70-71, [Google_Book].

[27] Russell K. Dutcher, Compiled Records of the Middlesex County, New Jersey Militia, 1791-1795 (Clearfield Company, 1996), 82, [Google_Book].

[28] Richard S. Hutchinson, "Early Area Residents, Christopher Hartman, Minuteman," Hightstown East Windsor Historical Society News (September-October 1995).

[29] John Smith Futhey and Gilbert Cope, History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Biographical Sketches (1881), 589, [Google_Book].

[30] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 408, [Google_Book].

[31] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 513, [HathiTrust].

[32] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 547, [HathiTrust].

[33] Ancestry.com, Kentucky tax, [Ancestry_Record].

[34] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 408, [Google_Book].

[35] Alma Aicholtz Smith, Clermont County Ohio Land Records 1787-1812 (1990), 30, deed A-1:149.

[36] Alma Aicholtz Smith, Clermont County Ohio Land Records 1787-1812 (1990), 14-17, Little's surveys Nos. 3331 and 4780.

[37] John Smith Futhey and Gilbert Cope, History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Biographical Sketches (1881), 589, [Google_Book].

[38] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 513, [HathiTrust].

[39] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 547, [HathiTrust].

[40] Rootsweb file, Clermont County Genealogical Society Pioneers, [Rootsweb].

[41] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 408, [Google_Book].

[42] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 547, [HathiTrust].

[43] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 76, [HathiTrust].

[44] Rootsweb, Clermont County, Ohio Tax List 1800-1810, [Rootsweb].

[45] Alma Aicholtz Smith, Clermont County Ohio Land Records 1787-1812 (1990), 67, deed F-5:175.

[46] Karen Mauer Green, Pioneer Ohio Newspapers 1793-1810 (Galveston, Texas: Frontier Press, 1986), 164, [Google_Book].

[47] Rootsweb, Clermont County, Ohio Tax List 1800-1810, [Rootsweb].

[48] Rootsweb, Clermont County, Ohio Tax List 1800-1810, [Rootsweb].

[49] Aileen M. Whitt, Clermont County, Ohio Pioneers 1798-1812 (1983), 68.

[50] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 550, right column, [HathiTrust].

[51] Karen Mauer Green, Pioneer Ohio Newspapers 1793-1810 (Galveston, Texas: Frontier Press, 1986), 164, citing Western American newspaper, 1-14-1815, Vol 1, issue 24, p 2, Williamsburg, Ohio, [Google_Book].

[52] US census, 1820, Reel 0089, Image 21, line 5, [Internet_Archive].

[53] FamilySearch.org, US census, 1820, [FamilySearch_Record].

[54] US census, 1830, Reel 0128, Image 580, line 4 from bottom, [Internet_Archive].

[55] FamilySearch.org, US census, 1830, [FamilySearch_Record].

[56] US Pensioners, 1818-1872, National Archives Microfilm Publication T718, Book H, page 299, [Ancestry_Image].

[57] FamilySearch.org, citing GS film 970233 of United States Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications, [FamilySearch_Record].

[58] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 408, [Google_Book].

[59] John Smith Futhey and Gilbert Cope, History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Biographical Sketches (1881), 589, [Google_Book].

[60] Clermont County, Ohio will D-230, image 360, [FamilySearch_Image].

[61] Find A Grave Memorial 22108475, [Find_A_Grave].

[62] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[63] FamilySearch.org, citing GS film 971210 of United States Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications, [FamilySearch_Record].

[64] 1838 pension rolls, [Ancestry_Image].

[65] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 408, [Google_Book].

[66] Find A Grave Memorial 22108475, [Find_A_Grave].

[67] Find A Grave Memorial 90537958, [Find_A_Grave].

[68] Find A Grave Memorial 22108475, [Find_A_Grave].

[69] Rootsweb file, Clermont County Genealogical Society, Revolutionary War, [Rootsweb].

[70] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 407, [Google_Book].

[71] Jackson, Clermont, Ohio History, [Link].

[72] W. H. McIntosh, The History of Darke County, Ohio (W. H. Beers & Co: 1890), 738, [HathiTrust], [Google_Book], [Internet_Archive].

[73] Family Document, Inactive website: www.geocities.com/tiffanyljacob/.

[74] Aileen M. Whitt, Clermont County, Ohio, Revolutionary War Veterans, Vol. 1 (1990), Biosketch from the Clermont Sun.

[75] Newspaper, Ohio Clermont Sun, September 15, 1843.

[76] Aileen M. Whitt, Clermont County, Ohio, Revolutionary War Veterans, Vol. 1 (1990).

[77] Charles Frederick Gross, Cincinnati The Queen City 1788-1912, Vol. 4 (Cincinnati: S.J.Clark Publishing Company, 1912), 148, [HathiTrust].

[78] Frank D Henderson, Jane Dowd Dailey, The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio, Vol. 1, (Columbus, Ohio: F. J. Heer, 1929), 177, [Internet_Archive].

[79] Beech Forest Chapter, DAR, Monument Inscriptions prior to 1900 from Cemeteries in Clermont County Ohio, Vol. 4 (1952), 2.

[80] Clermont County, Ohio: A Collection of Genealogical and Historical Writings, Vol. 1, 201.

[81] Hartman Log Cabin Park, [Link].


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