1808 Leonard Wise was taxed in South Middleton Twp, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, for 1 cow. He was not on the 1811 tax list. 1808 Son Michael Wise was born 19 April 1808 to Leonard and Barbara (born Rittner) Wise [Weis] in Middleton Twp, Cumberland County, and was baptised by Mr. Jonathan Helfenstein reformed minister (Reformirter Prediger) in August, 1808. The sponsors were Johannes Weis and Sophia Weis (Johannes Weis und seine Ehe Frau, Sophia Weis, geborne Weisin) . Photocopy 1808 Birth Certificate for Michael born to Leonard Wise and Barbara Ritner. Note: Jacob Weise was born on 8 January, 1819 and christened 5 August,1819 at the First Evangelical Lutheran Church, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania to parents Johannes and Sophia Weise.  1810 Jacob Jr, Frederick, and John Wise lived in Middleton Twp, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, each household with a male age 26-44, so these are plausibly Leonard Wise's brothers. Jacob Ritner (Barbara Ritner Brenizer's father) was listed nearby.  1820 Leonard Wise (age 25-45) and an older male (age 46+) and female (age 25-45) lived in South Middleton, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania with 2 males 0-10 (Immanuel and Leonard), 2 males 10-16 (Michael and Jacob?), 1 male 26-45 (Leonard), 1 male 45+, 2 females 0-10, 2 females 10-16 (Mary and ?), 1 female 26-45 (Barbara). Four of them were engaged in agriculture. Next door was George Wise (age 25-45). John Wise with three males age 25-45, was listed on the next page of the census. John Ritner age 26-45 lived in East Pennsboro, Cumberland County.  1820 Leonard Wise was taxed in South Middleton as a laborer. He did not appear on the 1817 tax list.  1823 Leonard Wise was taxed in South Middleton as a cropper with 1 cow.  1823 Leonard Wise [Weise] was taxed as a cropper in South Middleton Twp, Cumberland Co, for 1 cow.  1827 Leonard Wise was taxed in South Middleton Twp, Cumberland County, for 150 acres of land, log house, log barn, 6 horses, and 4 cows.  1829 Leonard Wise was taxed as a farmer in South Middleton Twp, Cumberland Co, for 130 acres of limestone land, log house, log barn, tenant house, 6 horses, and 5 cows.  1830 On 29 January, Jacob Wise Senior yeoman of South Middleton Twp, Cumberland Co, sold 17+ acres of land to Leonard Wise for $300. The land was bordered by land already owned by Leonard, by David Rowan's land, by and intended to be conveyed to Henry Wise, and by land owned by Frederick Wise . Signed in the presence of Michael Brenizer. It is unclear whether this was a sale to Leonard Sr (born 1777) or to Leonard Jr at age 22. 1830 On 18th Feb, Jacob Wise sold more land to Leonard bordered by land of Frederick, Henry, and Jacob Jr. Wise. 1830 Leonard Wise lived in South Middleton Twp, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Males by age were: one 0-5, two 10-15 (Leonard and ?), one 15-20 (Immanuel), one 20-30 (Michael), one 40-50 (Leonard), one 80-90 (perhaps Leonard's father, born 1744, who died late in 1830). Females by age were: two 5-10, one 30-40, one 40-50 (wife Mary). On the same page were households for Jacob Wise, age 20-30, and William Wise age 15-20. The next page listed Henry Wise age 30-40. The family of Jacob Weise age 60-70 lived in the same township. Frederick, George, and Jacob Wise and Jacob and John Ritner also lived in Cumberland.  1838 A living sister of Joseph Ritner, candidate for governor of Pennsylvania, was named as married to Leonard Wise of Cumberland County and she was reported to have a family . We assume this refers to Barbara Ritner. 1840 Households for Leonard Wise (age 50-60) with female (age 50-60) and female (age 5-10)[perhaps Joanna Brenizer], and for Emanuel Wise (age 20-30) and female (age 20-30) and children, were listed for South Middleton Twp, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. The link with Emanuel, who had an outstanding debt for Mary Wise, suggests this was our Leonard Wise, the father of both Mary and Emanuel. Two George Wise's were listed on prior pages. Jacob Weise (age 70-80) and wife (age 60-70) lived with younger family members (William?) age 20-30 close to Mary Brenizer in South Middleton.  1843 Leonard Wise, an old and highly respectable citizen of South Middleton Twp, died on 6 June 1843.  He died intestate in Cumberland County. "Be it remembered that on the 18th day of June 1843 letters of administration were issued in common form to Peter McLaughton and Leonard Wise Jun. on all and singular the goods and chattels rights and codels which were of Leonard Wise sen, deceased. Inventory account to be exhibited at the time appointed by law. Bond, John Moore (Dick.) and Michael G Ege, sum of $1500. Witness my hand, Jacob Bretzler.  At the estate sale for Leonard Wise, purchases were made by Emanual Wise, Jacob Wise, William Wise, Henry Wise, Widow Wise, John Brenizer, and Ritner Brenizer, among others. 1843 Leonard Wise was reportedly buried at Mount Holly Springs Cemetery, Mount Holly Springs, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.  1844 On 20 August, at the Cumberland County Orphans' Court, "Upon the petition of Peter McGlaughlin and Leonard Wise adm'r of Leonard Wise late of South Middleton in said county deceased leaving a widow to wit Barbara Wise and issue eight children to wit Jacob Wise, Michael Wise, Catharine intermarried with John Wise, Mary Brenizer late Mary Wise, Emanuel Wise, Rebecca Wise intermarried with Peter McGlaughlin your petitioner, Leonard Wise the other petitioner, and Johanna intermarried with Samuel Johnson. That at the time of his death the said Leonard Wise was siezed in his demesne as of fee of and in a certain plantation or tract of land situate in said township of South Middleton bounded by lands of James Hamilton Esq, Robert Irvine, Henry and Frederick Wise, and lands formerly of David George and containing about one hundred and eighty acres more or less also a small piece of land or sand bank bounded by Frederick Wise and Jacob Weise and containing thirty two and one half perches neat measure which is all the land of the decedant wherever situate that has come to the knowledge of your petitioners. ... the personal estate of the said intestate is insufficient fot the payment of his debts ... grant them an order to make sale of the said real estate ..." Barbery Wise, John Wise, Mary Brenizer, and Emanuel Wise signed or marked the request to sell the real estate. 1844 On 25 November, at the Cumberland County Orphans' Court, "Upon the petition of Emanuel Wise and Samuel Johnston intermarried with Joanna late Joanna Wise heirs at law of Leonard Wise Sen late of South Middleton township Cumberland County deceased. Respectfully represents that letters of administration on the estate of the aforesaid decedent issued to Peter McLaughlin and Leonard Wise Jr the 10th day of June 1843, that since said date the aforesaid Peter McLaughlin one of the said administrators has become deranged in his mind as your petitioners believe and is altogether disqualified & unfit to transact the duties of his appointment & is wasting & mismanaging the estate of said decedent, they therefore pray ... to show cause why he shall not be dismissed ...". The citation was granted.  1844 At the December Orphans' Court, "In the case of the order for the sale of the real estate of Leonard Wise, dec'd. Now to wit 11th Dec 1844 proceedings held under advisement till next Or' C't. by the court."  1845 At the February Orphans' Court, "In the case of the citation to Peter McGlaughlin one of the adm's of Leonard Wise, dec. Now to wit 11th feb'y 1845 rule dismissed by the court."  1845 On 11 August, at the Orphans' Court at Carlisle in Cumberland County, "Upon petition of Leonard Wise Jr, a son and heir and heir at law of Leonard Wise late of south Middleton township ... your petitioner's father died intestate about the sixth of June AD 1843 leaving a widow Barbara and issue eight children to wit Jacob Wise, Michael Wise, Emanuel Wise, Leonard Wise Jr (your petitioner), Catherine Wise intermarried with John Wise, Mary Brenizer widow late Mary Wise, Rebecca Wise intermarried with Peter McGlaughlin, Johanna Wise intermarried with Samuel Johnson. That the said intestate died seized in his desmesne as of fee of and in the following real estate to wit a platation or tract of land situate in south Middleton township aforesaid bounded by land of Robert Irvine Henry & Frederick Wise, land formerly of Solomon Gorges & James Hamilton Esq containing one hundred and seventy three acres more or less with the appurtenances. Also thirty two perches of land used as a sand bank bounded by lands of Baltzar Gunkel, Frederick Wise, Henry Wise and Jacob Wise etc? which are all the lands of which the said intestate died seized that have come to the kowledge of your petitioner. He therefore prays the Court, as the parties in interest cannot agree to the choice of seven or more disinterested persons for that purpose to award an inquest to make partition of the premises aforesaid to and among the children & representatives of the said intestate in such manner and in such proportions as by the Laws of this Commonwealth is directed". Inquest awarded.  1846 On 10 February, at the Orphans' Court at Carlisle in Cumberland County, "In the case of the heirs and legal representatives of Leonard Wise, dec'd ... Jacob Wise the eldest son was called and appeared by his attorney John Goodyear who was not authorized to take any of the real estate." Michael Wise, the next oldest, was represented by Henry Erbin and was not authorized to take. Emanuel Wise, the next oldest son, took the sand bank, valued at $223, with surety by John Souder. All parties or their representatives signed, including Jacob Ritner, assignee for Emanuel Wise, and (on 6 August 1853) John L Brenizer for Mary Brenizer, deceased.  1846 At the April Orphans' Court, the heirs requested the court to sell the remaining property from Leonard's estate, since Peter McGlaughlin had left the county and Leonart Wise Jr was not desirous. George Sanderson was appointed to make the sale.  1846 At the August Orphans' Court, a detailed accounting was made for the sale, to Jacob Lehman, of 132 acres from the estate.  1847 On 1 April, 48+ acres from the estate of Leonard Wise Sr in South Middleton, Cumberland County was sold to Leonard Wise Jr. for $2467. 1847 On 1 April, 132 acres and 67 perches of land from the estate of Leonard Wise Sr, in South Middleton Twp, Cumberland County, was sold to Jacob Lehman for $5180.88. 1847 At the September Orphans' Court, the account of Leonard Wise Jr was excepted (not accepted?) and was referred to Carson & Moore Esq.  1848 On 18 November, the parties agreed to finalize the settlement.  1848 Jacob Wise of Richland County, Ohio gave power of attorney to Mr. Goodyear to represent his interests in the estate of Leonard Wise. 1850 In March, widow Barbara [Ritner] Wise [Weise] died of dropsy at age 68 in South Middleton Twp, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.  Photocopy 1850 inventory for Barbara Wise. 1850 Leonard Wise Jr sold the land in South Middleton, Cumberland County. On 8 March, Leonard Wise Jr and Mary his wife entered into an agreement with Jacob Ritner. Whereas the said Leonard Weise owing to sundry ? and misfortune is at present unable to discharge his just debt, and is willing to assign all his property for the benefit of creditors...Leonard and wife...for the purpose of making a just distribution of the estate and effects among the creditors of the said Leonard also of the sum of one dollar to them in hand paid by the said Jacob Ritner the receipt thereof is hereby acknowledged ... do assign unto the said Jacob Ritner all that plantation or tract of land situate in South Middleton... 1853 The death record for Mary Brenizer named Leonard Wise as her father. Research Notes: Jack Wise in "Wise Family History from Pennsylvania to Ohio to Texas" concludes that this Leonard Wise was born at Tulpehocken Church and married Barbara Framdlingsen. Jack Wise reports children Johannes (1802-1803), Anna Maria (1803), Catherina (1805), Michael (1808-1870), and Leonard Jr (1818-1868). We have found no evidence to support this ancestry. 1834 A burial transcription at the Zeigler Church Cemetery has Leoliard [Leonard] Wise, born Mar 27, 1821. Death: March 11, 1834. Another is for Elizabeth Wise (1772-Aug 15, 1840). 
 Jack W. Wise, Wise Family History from Pennsylvania to Ohio to Texas (self-published, 1990), Figure 1A, Baptism Document, [Google Book].
 FamilySearch.org, citing GS film 0823844 of First Evangelical Lutheran Church, Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, [FamilySearch_Record].
 US census, 1810
 US census, 1820
 Helen I. Harman, Cumberland County, Pa., tax lists 1762-1829: townships of Middleton, South Middleton, and Dickinson (1961).
 Helen I. Harman, Cumberland County, Pa., tax lists 1762-1829: townships of Middleton, South Middleton, and Dickinson (1961).
 Helen I. Harman, Cumberland County, Pa., tax lists 1762-1829: townships of Middleton, South Middleton, and Dickinson (1961), 214.
 Helen I. Harman, Cumberland County, Pa., tax lists 1762-1829: townships of Middleton, South Middleton, and Dickinson (1961), 224.
 Helen I. Harman, Cumberland County, Pa., tax lists 1762-1829: townships of Middleton, South Middleton, and Dickinson (1961), 235.
 United States Direct Tax of 1798: Pennsylvania. Film M372. IRS, Record Group 58. NARA, ancestry.com, for grand-father Jacob Wise lists David Rowan as adjoining house.
 US census, 1830, Reel 0150, Image 66, line 8, [Internet Archive].
 Lives of David Porter and Joseph Ritner, Two Candidates for the Office of Governor of Pennsylvania, compiled from authentic sources (1838), 5, [Google Book].
 US census, 1840, Reel 0455, Image 295, line 3 from bottom, [Internet Archive].
 Cumberland County Historical Society, Necrology notes, p 302
 FamilySearch.org, image of Cumberland County Pennsylvania Administration Records D-328, [FamilySearch_Record].
 Find A Grave Memorial 110905977, [Find_A_Grave].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 11-234, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 11 index, image 333, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 11-248, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 11-267, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 11-287, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 11-415, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 11-492, continued on 11-515, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 11-513, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 11-541, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, Cumberland County Orphans' Court docket 12-30, [FamilySearch_Record].
 FamilySearch.org, [FamilySearch_Record].
 United States mortality schedule of deaths in the 12 months prior to 1850, [Link].
 Nancy Shaw Tritt, ed. History of Zion Lutheran Congregation, 1795 to 1995 (1995):47