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We are researching the ancestry of Christopher Hartman, spouse of Rebecca Hutchinson, who died 1833 in Clermont County, Ohio. In a pension application, Christopher Hartman testified that his father immigrated to Bucks County, Pennsylvania in 1853 and died there in about 1759. We suspect that Conrad Hartman, whose notes are shown below, was the father of Christopher Hartman of Clermont County, Ohio.

1750 In a pension application, Christopher Hartman (son of Conrad) testified that "he has a record of his age taken from his father's bible. He (Christopher) was born on the 6th day of May 1750" [1]. An 1880 census record for daughter Rachel reports Christopher Hartman's birthplace as Hesse [2]. His birth has been reported in Swintzburg, Hesse Cassel, Germany [3](perhaps Schweinsberg, Hesse, Allendorf, Germany). Another report gives his birth on May 6, 1750 in Livintzburg, Prussia and emigration to America in 1753 with his father and four brothers [4].

1753 "He (son Christopher) was born in Germany and when about two or three years old came with his father and his fathers family to Bucks County, Pennsylvania" [5].

1753 Conrad Hartman immigrated October 1 on the snow ship Good Hope from Hamburg, Germany through Cowes, England with captain John Trump, to Philadelphia. [6] "Unlike most Palatine Ships of this era, this one left from Hamburg rather than Rotterdam. The unusual surnames on this ship are for the most part not found in the southern German regions, that most of the Palatines came from, but rather from provinces of northern and eastern Germany. The places of origin identified so far for members of this ship have been concentrated around the city of Göttingen in the former province of Hannover." . Conrad Hartman was named on two lists of passengers on the ship Good Hope, as was Garet Hartman [7]. Christopher Hartman and his parents, Conrad and Mary Hartman, and sister, Catherine immigrated October 1 on the ship Snow Good Hope to Philadelphia [8]. The parents of Christopher Hartman settled in Bucks County, Pennsylvania [9].

No date: Conrad Hartman, born Hesse Casel has a naturalization record in the court of Baltimore, Maryland. [10]

1735-1755 Conrad Hartman was a member of the German Reformed Church (specific year and location not stated). [11]

1757 John Hartman, son of Hartman of Bucks County, was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. [12] We speculatively show this John as a son of Conrad.

1759 On October 11, Conrad Hartman posted a notice on page 6 in the Pennsylvania Gazette "Conrad Hartman, of Lower Salford Township, in the County of Philadelphia, cordwainer, came over to this province from Germany in the year 1753, he brought with him his wife and four children, namely Johann Christopher, Johann Jost, Johann George, and Anna Catherine; the vessel in which they came, was consigned to Mr. Alexander Ray, late of the city of Philadelphia, merchant. Among the rest of his said children, the said Johann George, and Anna Catherina were bound out, but to whom, the said Conrad Hartman cannot tell, neither could he ever since hear what is become of his said two children, nor where they live. If any person can give him intelligence of his said children, and will send him notice, to his place of abode, or to David Hall, at the New Printing Office, in Market Street, Philadelphia, will oblige their humble servant, Conrad Hartman." [13] We suspect that Jost is a form of the name Joseph.

c 1759 Son Christopher Hartman reported that his father (Conrad Hartman) died in Bucks County, Pennsylvania about this time. [14]

1758-1771 Christopher Hartman moved with his mother to Burlington County, New Jersey, and Christopher was apprenticed to Joseph Bullock to learn farming. Christopher worked for Joseph Bullock until age 21. [15]

Research Notes:

1759 Conrad Hartman died in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, about this time, according to the report of son Christopher Hartman. Conrad Hartman's death has also been reported in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [We seek documentation or correction for his death date and place]

Two sources list Conrad Hartman as the father of our Christopher with the following oral traditions:

1753 Came to Philadelphia, PA in 1753 with 5 children. Before passage the family put their goods with money in iron bound chests and put on board the vessel. The vessel sailed without them and they never recovered their goods. Children [three sons and a daughter] were sold to pay for voyage. Landed at Philadelphia after 6 months at sea in 1753. Lived about 7 years after arriving in America. After his death all sons except John were bound as apprentices to different parties. Birth also listed as Swintzburg, Hesse Cassel, Germany. (south of Hanover)". [16]

Another story is told by a descendant:
"As a little girl, I had learned that when the family of Christopher Hartman came to America they had traveled on a different ship than their belongings. His father, Conrad Hartman, had engaged passage for himself and his family on a sailing vessel destined for the American colonies, and put aboard all his movable goods. The vessel was advertised to sail at a time named, but sailed some hours before, and in consequence, the whole family was left without anything and it was several days before they obtained passage on another vessel. Their belongings were lost at sea.

After a six months’ voyage the family landed at Philadelphia where two of the sons were sold into servitude to pay for the passage to America. Our family records, written by my Grandmother’s sister, indicate that the parents never saw these sons again. Christopher Hartman was only about three years old when he came to America. His older brother, George and one other brother became slaves. Later, one of these boys was to come looking for his family. It is said that George was turned over to a very hardhearted man. Supposedly, he was a slave for many years. In the twelfth year of servitude, he was assigned to split rails two miles from where he lived. Every time he came home from splitting rails, his master made him cart a rail back in order to get a meal. He did this until his back hurt so badly he could carry no more rails. One day he came to dinner without his usual rail. His master abused him so badly that he ran away. George eventually married, fathered nine children and became a well-respected landowner in Harrison County, Virginia. Christopher, at the age of nine years, was bound out to a farmer in Bucks County, Pennsylvania until of age. He became a millwright. In 1776 he married Mary Hutchinson, eldest daughter of Will and Ann (Vann) Hutchinson. He then enlisted in the Revolutionary Army and was in the battle of Monmouth on 28 June 1778. In 1795 he removed with his family from New Jersey to Lexington (Kentucky) in wagons. They started in October, got to Pittsburgh and there built a flat boat and floated down the Ohio River to the Mouth of Limestone, now Maysville. From there they went on to Lexington where they landed in December. The following spring they moved five miles out of Lexington on a farm.

In the early 1800’s a doctor, who was a neighbor to George Hartman in Virginia, was passing through the country and stopped at Christopher’s farm in Clermont County, Ohio. He at once took Christopher to be the brother of George and in consequence of the doctor’s visit a correspondence between the brothers began. A surprise visit was made by George in 1807. When George and his son-in-law came to Christopher's farm, they passed themselves off as strangers traveling west. In those years, it wasn’t unusual for people to stop at the Hartman home as they traveled through the area. Sometime during the meal she served, Christopher’s wife, Mary, realized that this wasn’t just any man sitting at their table; this was Christopher’s long-lost brother George. The two brothers had found each other after more than 50 years! This was the last time they saw each other. George died in 1818 and Christopher in 1833."

Research Notes about potential relatives:

1762 George Hartman, John Hartman, and Conrad Hartman's son-in-law were taxed in Lowhill Twp, Lehigh County (adjacent to Buck's county), Pennsylvania. [17] "In 1744 George Hartman bought eighty acres of mountain land south of the Lehigh, and known within a few years as the Hoffert farm." [18]

c 1776 Conrad Hartman, born in New Jersey, was reported as a participant in the Revolutionary War. [19][20][21]

1785 Conrad Hartman was taxed in Windsor Twp, Middlesex County, New Jersey. John, and John Jr Hartman were also listed. [22]

1793 Conrad Hartman and John Hartman were on the June tax list for South Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey. [23]

1793 Christian Hartman (age 44), Conrad Hartman (age 30) and John Hartman (age 27) were listed among able bodied white males between the age of 18-45 in South Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey. [24]

1794 [Conrad] Coonrad Hartman was taxed in Middletown, Monmouth County, New Jersey. [25][26]

1794-97 John Hartman was taxed in Middletown, Monmouth County, New Jersey. [27]

1797, 1802 Joseph Hartman was taxed in East Windsor Twp, Middlesex County, New Jersey. [28]

1810 Conrad, John, and Christopher Hartman (age 26-44) lived in Lynn, Northampton County, Pennsylvania. [29]

1812 Conrad and Nicholas Hartman appeared on the assessment-roll made by the commissioner of Northampton county for the year 1812. [30]

1816 Conrad Hartman and Solomon Hartman appeared on the list of names of men who bought lots at New Tripoli in 1816-17.

Research Notes about other Hartman families:

John Hartman and Margaret Moses, of Chester County, Pennsylvania, have been named as the parents of Christopher Hartman by another source, but we suspect this to be an error. "The founder of the Hartman family in Chester County was John Hartman, a native of Schwerin, Hesse-Cassel (now Prussia). In 1753 he, with his wife, whose maiden name was Moses emigrated to America with a family of five sons—John, Joseph, George, Peter, and Christopher—and several daughters, and landed in Philadelphia." [31] Our notes about the family of John Hartman and Margaret Moses are at our Genealogy Page John Hartman and Anna Margaret Moses of Chester County, Pennsylvania.

1746 On 25 March, Conrad Hartman and Eva Elizabeth Koehler were married at the St. Michael's & Zion Lutheran Church, Philadelphia. [32][33]

This biosketch suggests that Conrad may have had a son named Conrad: "George C. Hartman, a practical general agriculturist and self-reliant man, winning his way in life with energetic and unflagging industry, has for more than thirty years resided ujion his present homestead, pleasantly located in Pipestone Township, Berrien County, Mich. His father, a native of Maiden Lane, New York Citv, was John Hartman, born in 1789, and a son of Conrad Hartman, born in New Jersey, but of German descent. The paternal grandfather was a soldier in the Revolutionary War and participated in the battle of Monmouth when only fourteen years of age. The paternal great-grandfather was also a brave soldier of the Revolution. The mother of our subject, Sarah (Sedgwick) Hartman, was a native of New Haven. Conn., and a  daughter of Ebenezer .Sedgwick." [34]

A biosketch of another George Hartman, could be related. [35][http://berks.pa-roots.com/books/montgomery/h06.html]

Footnotes:

[1] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[2] FamilySearch.org, family 61, [FamilySearch_Record].

[3] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 407, [Google Book].

[4] J. L. Rockey and R. J. Bancroft, 1795 History of Clermont County, Ohio, with illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts & Co, 1880), 513, [HathiTrust].

[5] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, [Ancestry_Image].

[6] I. Daniel Rupp, A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776, 2nd ed. (1875), 318, Left column, [Google Book], [HathiTrust].

[7] John B Linn and Wm H Egle, Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume 17. (Oath of Allegiance 1727-1775) (1890), 416, [Google Book], [Internet Archive].

[8] Byron Williams, History of Clermont and Brown Counties, Ohio (1913), 407, [Google Book].

[9] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[10] National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) Microfilm Publications; Records of District Courts of the United States, Record Group 2, cited by U.S. Naturalization Records Indexes, 1794-1995, [Ancestry_Image].

[11] I. Daniel Rupp, A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776, 2nd ed. (1875), 469, [Google Book], [HathiTrust].

[12] Horace Edwin Hayden, ed., Alfred Hand, and John W. Jordan, Genealogical and Family History of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys Pennsylvania, Volume 2 (New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1906), 597, [Google Book].

[13] Newspaper, Pennsylvania Gazette, posted several times.

[14] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[15] Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files (NARA microfilm M804), Department of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Application W.4219, [Ancestry_Image].

[16] Family Document, Inactive website: www.geocities.com/tiffanyljacob/Hartmans_in_America/HartmansinAmerica.html.

[17] Charles Rhoads Roberts, John Baer Stoudt, Thomas Krick, and William Dietrich, History of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, and a Genealogical and Biographical Record of its Families, Volume 3 (Allentown, PA: 1914), 1464, [Google Book].

[18] William W. H. Davis, with Warren S. Ely and John W. Jordan, ed., History of Bucks County Pennsylvania, 2nd ed., Vol. II (1905), 18, [Google Book], [HathiTrust].

[19] John B Linn and Wm H Egle, Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume 13. (Revolution Associated Battalions and Militia, Volume 1) (1896), 94, [Internet Archive].

[20] John B Linn and Wm H Egle, Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume 13. (Revolution Associated Battalions and Militia, Volume 1) (1896), 96, [Internet Archive].

[21] Thomas Lynch Montgomery, Pennsylvania Archives, Sixth Series, Volume 2 (Muster Rolls Washington) (1906), 334, Westmoreland county, [Google Book], [Internet Archive].

[22] Francis Bazley Lee, ed., Genealogical and Personal Memorial of Mercer County, New Jersey, Vol. 1 (1907), 40, [Google Book].

[23] Ancestry.com, New Jersey Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1643-1890, [Ancestry_Record].

[24] Russell K. Dutcher, Compiled Records of the Middlesex County, New Jersey Militia, 1791-1795 (Clearfield Company, 1996), 70-71, [Google Book].

[25] Ronald Vern Jackson, New Jersey Tax Lists 1772-1822, Vol. 3 (1981), 1574, [Search Ancestry.com].

[26] Ancestry.com, New Jersey Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1643-1890, [Ancestry_Record].

[27] Ronald Vern Jackson, New Jersey Tax Lists 1772-1822, Vol. 3 (1981), 1574, [Search Ancestry.com].

[28] Ronald Vern Jackson, New Jersey Tax Lists 1772-1822, Vol. 3 (1981), 1574, [Search Ancestry.com].

[29] US census, 1810

[30] Alfred Mathews and Austin N. Hungerford, History of the counties of Lehigh and Carbon, in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia: 1884), 299, [HathiTrust].

[31] John Smith Futhey and Gilbert Cope, History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Biographical Sketches (1881), 589, [Google Book].

[32] USGenWeb Archives, [USGenWeb].

[33] John B Linn and Wm H Egle, Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume 9. (Marriages to 1810, Volume 2) (1890), 294, [Internet Archive], [Google Book].

[34] Portrait and biographical record of Berrien and Cass counties, Michigan (Chicago, Biographical publishing co., 1893), 889, [HathiTrust].

[35] Morton Luther Montgomery, Historical and Biographical Annals of Berks County, Pennsylvania, Vol. 2 (Chicago: Beers, 1909), 994.


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