Abbott, Nabia, Studies in Arabic literary papyri, Volume I, Historical Texts, Chicago, U. Chicago Press, 1957.
---, Studies in Arabic Literary Papyri , Volume II, Qur'anic Commentary and Tradition, Chicago, U. Chicago Press, 1967.
Briefly reviewed by J. Wansbrough in the Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. 3, part 3, 1968, pp. 613-16 and by James Robson in the Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 27, 1968, pp. 143-144. See also Muslim Tradition (Juynboll, 1984) for a brief comment.
This is a careful and richly documented work on the transmission and origins of Hadith and Tafsir. It discusses the issue of the writing of hadiths, the transmission of hadiths, and the growth of the number of isnads. It also studies fourteen early papyri in detail. -BS
---, Studies in Arabic Literary Papyri, Volume III, Language and Literature, Chicago, U. Chicago Press, 1972.
---, "An Arabic Papyrus in the Oriental Institute: Stories of the Prophets," Journal of Near Eastern Studies, V (1946), pp. 169-80.
---,"Arabic Paleography," Ars Islamica, 1941, 8(1-2): 65-104.
---, "Hadith Literature-- II Collection and Transmission of Hadith." In: Beeston, A.F.L., et al (Eds.), Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983, pp. 289-298.
On the transmission of hadiths in the early period, with emphasis on the activities of Zuhri and the role of Umayyad Caliphs. -BS
---, "Wahb b. Munabbih--A Review Article," Journal of Near Eastern Studies , 36, 1977, 103-12.
---, "Women and the State on the Eve of Islam," American Journal of Semitic Languages, 58 (1951): 249-284.
---, "Women and the State in Early Islam," Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 1, 1942, pp. 106-126.
---, "Women and the State in Early Islam: The Umayyads," Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 1, 1942, pp. 341-368.
---, Aishah--The Beloved of Mohammed, London, 1985.
'Abd al-Khaliq, 'Abd al-Ghani, al-Imam al-Bukhari wa-Sahihuh, Jedda, 1405.
Abiad, Malake, "Origine et développement des dictionnaires biographiques arabes," Bulletin d'études orientales, xxxi (1979), 7-15.
'Abdallah, Umar Faruq, Malik's Concept of 'Amal in Light of Maliki Legal Theory, Doctoral Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1978.
'Abd Allah b. Wahb (125/743-197/812), Al-Gâmi'. Die Koranwissenschaften, ed. and commented on by M. Muranyi, Wiesbaden, 1992.
---, Al-Gâmi'. Tafsîr al-Qur'ân, ed. and commented on by M. Muranyi, Wiesbaden, 1993.
---, Al-Muwatta', ed. and commented on by M. Muranyi, Wiesbaden, 1992.
Abdul-Ghaffar, Suhaib Hasan Criticism of Hadith among Muslims with reference to Sunan Ibn Maja(h) , London: Ta Ha Publishers, 1983, second edition 1986, 254 p. ISBN 0-907461-56-5 (pbk)
Abdulkader, Musaed Salem, 1950- The role of hadith in ikhtilaf among Muslim jurists Ottawa, (Pub.) National Library of Canada, 1985 Book, 2 microfiches (167 fr.) ; 11 X 15 cm. Canadian theses on microfiche = Theses canadiennes sur microfiche, 64537 0227-3845
Abdul Rauf, Muhammad, "Hadith Literature--The Development of the Science of Hadith,' In: Beeston, A.F.L., et al (Eds), Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983, pp. 271-88.
Abel, A., "Un hadît sur la prise de Rome dans la tradition eschatologique de l'Islam," Arabica, vol. 5, pp. 1-14.
Abu al-Shuhbah, Muhammad ibn Muhammad. Difa an al-sunnah: wa-radd shibh al-mustashriqin wa-al-kuttab al-muasirin , al-Tabah 1, al-Qahirah.
Abu Rayya, Mahmud, Adwa' 'ala l-sunnah al-muhammadiyya, Cairo, 1958.
Examination and criticism of hadiths in Bukhari and Muslim.
Abul Muzaffar, review of Kaegi's Byzantium and the early Islamic conquests, Muslim World Book Review, vol. 13, no. 2, 1993, pp. 24-26 (E).
Adams, Charles J., "The Authority of the Prophetic Hadith in the Eyes of Some Modern Muslims," In: Little, Donald P. (Editor), Essays on Islamic Civilization Presented to Niyazi Berkes, Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1976, pp. 25-47.
Ahlwardt, W., Die Handschriften-Verzeichnisse der Koniglichen Bibliothek zu Berlin, Berlin, 1895.
Ahmad, Imad A., "Did Muhammad observe the Canterbury meteoroid swarm?" Archaeoastronomy, vol. 11, 1989-93, pp. 95-96.
---, "The dawn sky on Lailat-ul-qadr (Night of power)," Archaeoastronomy, vol. 11, 1989-93, pp. 97-100.
Ahmad, Imtiaz, The Significance of Sunna and Hadith and their Early Documentation , (Doctoral Thesis). Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh; 1975.
---, "The Science of Hadith--A Study of the Canons of External Criticism," Voice of Islam, Karachi, vol. 10, no. 99, 1962, pp. 450-65.
Ahmed, Munir al-Din, "The Institution of al-Mudhakara," ZDMG Suppl. I, Teil 2, 1969, pp. 595-603 (17 Dtsch. Orientalistentag, Wûrzburg 1968).
Albani, Muhammad Nasir al-Din. The status of sunnah in Islam: a declaration that it cannot dispense with al-Qur'an, Aldahieh, Kuwait: Islamic Translation Centre, Revival of Islamic Heritage Society, ? 1990 1993 29 p. ; 17 cm. Manzilat al-sunnah fi al-Islam. English.
Ali, F.B., "Al-Hudaibiya: an alternative version," Muslim World, vol. 71, 1981, pp. 47-62.
el-Ali, Saleh, "Muslim Estates in the Hidjaz in the First Century A.H." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, vol. 2, 1959, pp. 247-61.
Al-Samuk, S.M., Die historischen Überlieferungen nach Ibn Ishaq. Eine synoptische Untersuchung, dissertation, Frankfurt, 1978.
Ameli, Ja'far Morteza, "Esra'iliat dar tarikh-e Tabari," Kayhan-e Andisheh, Qum, 1368 A.H.S. (months Mordad and Shahrivar), no. 25, pp. 42-56. (Persian)
Argues that many hadiths were fabricated under influences from Christian and Jewish legends. Discusses Abraham's sacrifice, expressions of divine anthropomorphism, predestination, stories of the creation of the world, prophetic errors, and Satan's deception of Adam and Eve. -BS
al-Amin, Hassan, Islamic Shiite Encyclopaedia, Beirut, Slim Press, 1970, vols. 1-3.
Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali, Le Guide divin dans le shi'isme originel. Aux sources de l'ésotérisme en Islam, Paris-Lagrasse, 1992. Translated into English as: The Devine Guide in Early Shi'ism, New York, 1994.
---, "Remarques sur les critères d'authenticité du hadîth et l'autorité du juriste dans le shi'isme imâmite," Studia Islamica, 85, 1997, 5-39.
---, "Notes sur deux traditions "hétérodoxes" imâmites," Arabica, vol. 41, no. 1, 1994, pp. 127-133.
---, "Remarques sur la divinité de l'Imâm," Studia Iranica, vol. 25, 2, 1996, 193-216.
---, "Contribution à la typologie des rencontres avec l'imâm caché," Journal Asiatique, vol. 284, 1, 1996, 109-135.
---, "L'Imâm dans le ciel. Ascension et initiation," in: M.A. Amir-Moezzi (editor), Le voyage initiatique en terre d'islam. Ascensions célestes et itinéraires spirituels, Bibliothéque de L'Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Sciences Religieuses, vol. CIII, Louvain-Paris, 1996, 99-116.
---, "Seul l'homme de dieu est humain. Théologie et anthropologie mystique à travers l'exégèse imamite ancienne (aspects de l'imamologie duodécimaine IV)," Arabica, tome XLV, fascicule 3, July 1998, pp. 193-214.
Ammann, Ludwig, Vorbild und Vernunft: Die Regelung von Lachen und Scherzen im mittelalterlichen Islam , Arabische Texte und Studien, vol. 5, Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag, 1993, Pp. xii + 287.
Reviewed: Everett K. Rowson, JAOS, vol. 115, no. 3, July-September 1995, pp. 491-493.
According to Rowson's review, this work includes highly detailed isnad- and matn-analysis of Prophetic hadiths dealing with jesting and laughing. -BS
Andrae, T., "Die legenden von der berufung Muhammeds," Le Monde Oriental, 6 (1912), pp. 5-18.
Anees, Munawwar Ahmad, and Athar, Alia N. Guide to Sira and Hadith Literature in Western Languages, Mansell Publishing Limited, U.S.A., 1986.
Partially annotated, arranged by topics, and containing more than 2500 entries, this is an excellent bibliographic source for the study of Hadith and Sira. It also gives some coverage to relevant topics such as Islamic law, historiography, Arabic literature, women in the Sira literature, etc. Includes references in European languages, Urdu, and Turkish. A good source to consult for more references than what is included in this bibliography.
Occasional minor errors are detected. The annotation on item 2168 speaks of Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas's (d. 55/675) will "to his daughters and sons." In fact, he had no more than a single daughter at the time of the will in question. The annotation on item 2651 identifies Kohlberg's "An Unusual Shii Isnad" as a "Study of Shia Ahadith on the doctrine of Imamate." Referring to the article shows that it is Kohlberg, not the "Shia Ahadith," who briefly refers to doctrine of the Imamate. The contents of the "unusual hadiths" are not mentioned at all; it's their isnad that is of concern. R. Marston Speight is consistently and incorrectly identified as "Martin" Speight. The bibliography misses Madelung's important contribution (1981) as well as Power's fully relevant 1983 article. The annotations consistently provide the full names and dates of death of relevant historical figures, and often point to published reviews of the books, a very useful feature.
In an introductory section entitled "Western Scholarship," it is said that the "Orientalists did not add anything of substance to the literature that they inherited from the medieval authors." The corresponding section on Muslim scholarship does not say whether Muslims added anything of substance to the literature that they inherited from the medieval authors. -BS
Ansari, Zafar Ishaq, "The Significance of Shafi'i's Criticism of the Medinese School of Law," Islamic Studies, vol. XXX, pp. 485-99
--, "The Authenticity of Traditions--A Critique of Joseph Schacht's Argument E. Silentio," Hamdard Islamicus, vol. 7, no. 2, 1984, p. 51-61.
---, "Islamic juristic terminology before Sâfi'î: a semantic analysis with special reference to Kûfa," Arabica, vol. 19, pp. 255-300.
Anwar ul-Haqq, Abrogation in the Koran, Lucknow, Methodist Publishing House, 1925.
`Arafat, Walid, "Early Critics of the Authenticity of the Poetry of the Sira," BSOAS, 21 (1958), 453-63.
Arazi, Albert. "Noms de Vêtements et Vêtements d'Après al-Ahadith al-Hisan fi Fadl al-Taylasan d'al-Suyuti," Arabica--Revue d'études arabes , vol. 23, no. 2, 1976, pp. 109-55.
---, "Les enfants adultérins [da'îs] dans la société arabe ancienne: l'aspect littéraire, Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, vol. 16, 1993, pp. 1-34.
Arberry, Arthur J. "The Book of Knowledge," Islamic Quarterly, vol. 11, nos. 3-4, 1967, pp. 123-8.
---, "The Teachers of Al-Bukhari," Islamic Quarterly, XXXI, 1967, pp. 34-49.
---. "Traditions by Three Links," Islamic Quarterly, vol. 13, no. 4, 1969, pp. 169-82.
---, "Two Small Collections," Islamic Quarterly, vol. 13, no. 1, 1969, pp. 9-15.
Arendonk, C. Van-, [Schacht, J.], "Ibn Hadjar al-'Askalani," New Encyclopedia of Islam, (Under "I," pp. 776-779).
Arkoun, Muhammad, "Le problème de l'authenticité divine du Coran," In Recherches d'islamologie: recueil d'articles offerts à Georges C. Anawati et Louis Gardet par leurs collègues et amis, Bibliothèque philosophique de Louvain, 26, Louvain: Peters, 1977.
---, Review of: Versteegh, C.H.M., Arabic Grammar and Qur'anic exegesis in early Islam, Leiden: Brill, 1993, published in: Arabica, XLV, 3, July 1998, pp. 277-279, in French.
Asad, Muhammad, The Message of the Qur'an, Gibraltar: Dar al-Andalus, 1980.
---, Islam at Crossroads, Gibraltar: Dar al-Andalus, 1982.
Askari, Murtaza, 'Abdullah ibn Sabaa. (Arabic) Translated into English as Abdullah Ibn Saba and Other Myths Can order by sending $15.00 to: al-Khoei Foundation Library, 89-89 Van Wyck Expressway, Jamaica, NY 11435-4123 U.S.A.
See next entry for a review by James Robson.
---, Khamsun wa mi'at sahaabiyy mukhtalaq, al-qism al-awwal (vol.1), Manshuraat kulliyat usul al-diniyy, Baghdad, 1387/1968.
Translated into Persian by Sardarnia as Sad-o panjAh tan sahAbi-e dorughin (One hundred and fifty falsified Companions), Tehran, 1355 A.H.S. along with a Persian foreward by the author himself.
This is a detailed study of the traditions reported from Sayf ibn Umar in Tabari and other sources. Comparing Sayf's traditions with reports from other sources, the author argues that Sayf "created" companions, transmitters of traditions, battles, events, and geographical locations which had never existed in reality. In the beginning of the Persian edition of the book, the text of a letter from James Robson to Askari is enclosed (in Persian translation). I will quote it here in part, as it summarizes the book. Select this for translation of James Robson's letter. -BS
---, A probe into the history of hadith, Karachi, Islamic Seminary Pakistan, 1980, 88 p.
---, "Naghd-e metod-e tabari dar tarikh-negAri," KayhAn-e andisheh, Qum, 1368 A.H.S. (months MordAd and Shahrivar), no. 25, pp. 32-41. (Persian)
Criticism of Tabari's method of historiography. -BS
`Ata' ibn `Abd al-Latif ibn Ahmad, Im`an al-nazar fi "Taqrib" alhafiz Ibn Hajar, Cairo: Maktabat al`Ilm, 1414/1994, 264 pages.
The two-volume Taqrib of Ibn Hajar (d. Cairo, 852/1449) is the most useful succinct guide to traditionists whose names appear somewhere in the Six Books. It is superior to the Kashif of al-Dhahabi in uniformity and in estimating when each transmitter lived (if date of death is unknown). Naturally, each transmitter's reliability is characterized in a single word. `Ata' ibn `Abd al-Latif has gone through Ibn Hajar's one-word ratings and pointed out unknowns of whom Ibn Hajar says "maqbul," those declared "thiqah" only by the notoriously generous Ibn Hibban, etc. I have discovered no errors in `Ata's catalogue, and it is helpful to be reminded that Ibn Hajar's one-word summaries are not perfectly reliable; however, a revised edition of the Taqrib would seem to have been more useful, and scholars who need to know the reported reliability of transmitters in the Six Books will probably prefer to consult Ibn Hajar's twelve-volume Tahdhib, on which the Taqrib is based. -CM
Ates, A., Corum ve Yozgat kutuphanelerinden bazi muhim Arapca yazmalar, Istanbul, 1959 [Ref. Siddiqi]
'Athamina, Khalil, "Al-Qasas: Its Emergence, Religious Origin and its Socio-political Impact on Early Muslim Society," Studia Islamica, 76 (1992).
---, "The appointment and dismissal of Khâlid b. al-Walîd from the supreme command: a study of the political strategy of the early Muslim Caliphs in Syria," Arabica, vol. 41, no. 2, 1994, pp. 253-272.
Auchterlonie, P., Arabic biographical dictionaries: a summary guide and bibliography, Durham: Middle East Libraries Committee, 1987 (Middle East Libraries Committee Research Guides, 2), 60pp.
'Aydarus, Muhyi'l-Din 'Abd al-Qadir, al-, al-Nur al-Safir 'an Akhbar al-Qarn al-'Ashir, Baghdad, 1353.
Awliyai, Mustafa, "Outlines of the Development of the Science of Hadith," Translated into English by Qarai, A.Q., Al-Tawhid, 1983, 1984, 1(1,2,3): 26-37, 30-42, 28-38.
Ayoub, Muhammad M., "Dhimmah in Quran and Hadith," Arab Studies Quarterly, vol. 5, no. 2, 1983, pp. 172-82.
Azami, Iqbal Ahmad (Translator) The Sunnah in Islam, Leicester, UK, UK Islamic Academy, 1989, ISBN 1-872531-01-6.
Azami, Muhammad Mustafa, Studies in early Hadith literature with a critical edition of some early texts , 1968. Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 1978, third edition 1992
Originally the author's doctoral dissertation at Cambridge University, it criticizes some of the views of Goldziher and Schacht. The main contribution of the work is its exposition of the modes in which hadiths were transmitted, with special attention to the role of writing. -BS
---, Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature, Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 1977, reprinted 1992
A very useful, yet concise, general introduction to Hadith literature. The book suffers from lack of an index, imperfect English, and poor labeling of the diagrams, but these do not detract significantly from the value of the book. Part I on Hadith methodology covers: the definition of Hadith, authority in Islam, The Prophet's role, recording of hadiths, the isnad system, the history and methodology of hadith criticism, the criticism of hadith, and fabrication of hadiths. Part II covers the major scholars of hadith and their works. -BS
---, On Schacht's Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence, New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1985. Cambridge, UK: The Islamic Texts Society, 1994
Attempts a point-by-point refutation of Schacht's ideas on the dating of traditions as put forward in the latter's Origins. -BS
---, "Introduction to Kitab al-Tamyiz," see Muslim, Tamyiz.
---, Kuttab an-Nabi, Beirut, 1394.
---, Dirasat fi al-Hadith al-Nabawi wa Ta'rikh Tadwinihi, 2 vols., Riyad, 1976, 2nd ed. 1979.
---, Maghazi Rasul Allah li 'Urwa ibn al-Zubayr, Riyad: Maktab al-Tarbyia al-'Arabi, 1401/1981.
A collection of Urwa's Maghazi along with an introduction. Azami bases his work only on the riwaya of Abu'l-Aswad, not taking into account that there are other riwayas of 'Urwa's Maghazi (for instance of Zuhri or Hisham b. 'Urwa), which differ considerably in content. So the work has to be used with care. -AG
---, Hadith on CD ROM,
Explanation kindly provided by Akram Safadi: This CD which will be available soon, Allah willing, contains the Arabic texts of al-Musnad of Ahmad, al-Sahih of al-Bukhari, al-Sahih of Muslim, al-Sunan of Abu Dawud, al-Jami'/al-Sunan of al-Tirmidhi, al-Sunan of Ibn Majah, al-Sunan of al-Nasa'i,Tahdhib al-Kamal of al-Mizzi, Taqrib al-Tahdhib of Ibn Hajar, al-Tadhkirah of al-Husayni, and al-Qamus al-Muhit of al-Fayruzabadi. All texts have been based on the most authentic manuscripts available.
Note: According to Akram Safadi, the software will allow pictorial representations of isnad trees; searches on isnad links,words; etc.
Azzam, M.A.H. A Critical Study of the Verse Content of the Sira of Ibn Hisham, Doctoral Dissertation, University of London, 1953.