These readings are all required. Many are freely available on the web and can be reached through links on this page and on the syllabus. Some are available on the web only by subscription, and the links must be accessed through the U of M. The few that are not are available at all on the web are on CTools.

Ackerman, Andrew and Josh Zumbrun, "Export-Import Bank Could Be a Drain on Taxpayers Next Year," Wall Street Journal December 1, 2017. [2p] Canvas

AFL-CIO, "A NAFTA That Works Must Empower Working People, Not Corporations," June 12, 2017. [2p] Online

AFL-CIO, "Making NAFTA Work for Working People," June 12, 2017, pp. 1-29 only. [29p] Online

AFL-CIO, "NAFTA at 20," March 2014, pp. 3-21. [19p] Online

Baldwin, Robert E. and Christopher S. Magee, "Is Trade Policy for Sale? Congressional Voting on Recent Trade Bills," Public Choice 105, 2000, pp. 79-101. [22p] Online-Springer

Barfield, Claude, "The president's China intellectual property order: Nothingburger or historic document?" blog post, American Enterprise Institute, August 22, 2017. [3p] Online

Beattie, Alan, "Mind your TRQs: a Brexit lesson in global trade" Financial Times, October 16, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Beattie, Alan, "The flaws in trying to compensate globalisation's losers" Financial Times, November 20, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Beesley, Arthur, "Brussels prepares market economy compromise for China," Financial Times July 20, 2016. [3p] Canvas

Bernhofen, Daniel M. and John C. Brown, "Gains from trade: evidence from nineteenth century Japan," Microeconomic Insights August 31, 2017. [4p] Online

Blackstone, Brian, "The Losing Battle Against the World's Most Powerful Currency," Wall Street Journal, June 16, 2016. [4 pp] Canvas

Bouët, Antoine and David Laborde, "The Potential Cost of a Failed Doha Round," IFPRI Issue Brief #56, International Food Policy Research Institute, December 2008. [8 pp] Online

Bradsher, Keith, "Trump’s First Major Trade Fight with China Could Be over Solar Panels," New York Times, December 1, 2017. [2p] Canvas

Brainard, Lael, Robert E. Litan, and Nicholas Warren, "Insuring America's Workers in a New Era of Offshoring," Policy Brief #143, Brookings Institution, 2005. [8p] Online

Brown, Drusilla, "Review of Hufbauer and Schott, NAFTA Revisited: Achievements and Challenges," Journal of Economic Literature 45(1), March, 2007, pp. 187-190. [4p] Online-JSTOR

Brunsden, Jim and Alan Beattie, "EU farmers sow seeds of doubt as Brussels moves to seal Mercosur pact," Financial Times, November 1, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Buffett, Warren E., "America's Growing Trade Deficit Is Selling the Nation Out From Under Us," Fortune, November 10, 2003. [5 pp] Online

Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, "US International Transactions, Second Quarter of 2017," Survey of Current Business, October, 2017. [5 pp] Online

Charlemagne, "The Trade War Within," Economist, April 20, 2011. [3p] | Online-Proquest

Cottier, Thomas, "The Common Law of International Trade and the Future of the World Trade Organization," Journal of International Economic Law, 18:3-20, Mar 7, 2015. [3p] Canvas

Davidson, Adam, "U.S. Tariffs On Shoes Favor Well-Heeled Buyers," NPR, Planet Money, Jun 12, 2007. [4 minutes] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "Economic Perspectives on Anti-Dumping Law," in John H. Jackson and Edwin A. Vermulst, eds., Antidumping Law and Practice: A Comparative Study, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1989, Ch. 2, pp. 23-39. [15p] Online

Deardorff, "Introduction to Comparative Advantage," August 27, 2003. [7p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "Nontariff Barriers and Domestic Regulation," unpublished lecture notes, June 3, 1999. [28p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "Trade Policy with Interacting Markets," unpublished lecture notes, October 20, 2010. [7p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "Sensitive Sectors in Free Trade Agreements," May 17, 2017. [14p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V. and Robert M. Stern, "Introduction," in Alan V. Deardorff and Robert M. Stern, eds., Constituent Interests and U.S. Trade Policies, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1998, pp. 9-27. [19p] Canvas

DeLong, J. Bradford, "NAFTA and other trade deals have not gutted American manufacturing -- period," The Big Idea, Vox, January 24, 2017, [28p] Online

Donnan, Shawn, "Can Donald Trump deliver on his threat to pull out of Nafta?" Financial Times, August 28, 2017. [5p] Canvas

Donnan, Shawn, "Globalisation marches on without Trump," Financial Times, November 6, 2017. [11p] Canvas

Donnan, Shawn, "Trump team opens new front in trade battle with China," Financial Times, November 28, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Donnan, Shawn, "US seeks to deny China market economy status in WTO," Financial Times, November 30, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Donnan, Shawn and Robin Harding, "US plans fresh push for talks on bilateral trade deal with Japan," Financial Times, Feb 2, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Economist, "The Big Mac index: Of Bucks and Burgers," Economist, Jul 13, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Economist, "Buying local is more expensive than it looks," Economist, Nov 23, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Economist, "The EU-Canada trade deal: Fear of the maple menace," Economist, Jul 16, 2016. [3p] Canvas

Economist, "The North American Free-Trade Agreement renegotiation begins," Economist, Aug 17, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Economist, "Trade Deals: Bargaining Chips," Economist, Jul 25, 2015. [2p] Canvas

Economist, "Who Needs America?" Economist, Nov 16, 2017. [4p] Canvas

European Commission, "The EU In Brief." [2p] Online

European Commission Directorate-General for Trade, "Policy Making" [2p] Online

European Commission Directorate-General for Trade, "Anti-dumping" [2p] Online

Faux, Jeff, "Overhauling NAFTA," Viewpoints, Economic Policy Institute, February 29, 2008. [2p] Online

Feenstra, Robert C., "How Costly Is Protectionism?" Journal of Economic Perspectives 6, Summer, 1992, pp. 159-178. [20p] Online-JSTOR

Fetzer, James J., "A Partial Equilibrium Approach of Modeling Vertical Linkages in the U.S. Flat Rolled Steel Market," Office of Economics Working Paper 2005-01-A, US International Trade Commission, January 2005. [26p] Canvas

Fetzer, James J., "Certain Passenger Vehicles and Light Truck Tires from China -- Remedy memorandum," Office of Economics, US International Trade Commission, June 19 2009. [15p] Canvas

Fick, Maggie, "Nigeria adopts unorthodox measures to defend the naira" Financial Times August 16, 2015. [3p] Canvas

Freeman, Richard B., "Are Your Wages Set in Beijing?" Journal of Economic Perspectives 9, Summer, 1995, pp. 15-32. [19p] Online-JSTOR

Hoekman, Bernard M. and Michel M. Kostecki, "The Trading System in Perspective: Functions of the Multilateral Trading System," Ch. 1 in The Political Economy of the World Trading System, 3rd ed. 2009, pp. 27-40. [14 pp] Canvas

Hufbauer, Gary Clyde and Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs, "The Outlook for Market Economy Status for China," blog post, Peterson Institute for International Economics, April 11, 2016. [7pp] Online

Ives, Mike, "A Disappearance in Berlin Clouds a Trade Deal in Vietnam" New York Times, November 2, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Jakob, Thinam, "Lesser Duty Rule and Community Interest in Anti-dumping Proceedings," Intereconomics, July/August 2001. [5p] Online-Springer

James, Sallie, "Maladjusted: The Misguided Policy of 'Trade Adjustment Assistance'," Briefing Paper No. 26, Center for Trade Policy Studies, Cato Institute, November 8, 2007. [13p] Online

Kabel, Robert J., "What's the Hold-Up? In the U.S., Fast-Track Presidential Authority Needed to Set Trade Legislation in Motion," undated post, apparently from 2014. [1p] Online

Kanter, James, "Dutch Lawmakers Approve E.U. Trade Deal With Ukraine," New York Times May 30, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Lawrence, Robert Z., "A Numbers Argument for Renewing Trade Adjustment Assistance," Wall Street Journal, June 23, 2015. [2p] Online

Lester, Simon, Inu Manak, and Daniel Ikenson, "Renegotiating NAFTA in the Era of Trump: Keeping the Trade Liberalization In and the Protectionism Out," Working Paper #46, Cato Institute, August 14, 2017. [16p] Online

Magee, Christopher S.P., "Why Are Trade Barriers So Low?," Economic Affairs, October 7, 2011. [6 pp] Online-Wiley

Mauldin, William, "In U.S. Trade Fight With Canada, the Border Watches, Warily," Wall Street Journal,, August 21, 2017. [3 pp] Canvas

Mauldin, William, "U.S. Brings WTO Challenge Against China Over Copper, Graphite, Other Minerals," Wall Street Journal,, July 13, 2016. [3 pp] Canvas

Mauldin, William, "U.S. Challenges China Over Chicken as Trade Friction Rises," Wall Street Journal,, May 10, 2016. [4 pp] Canvas

Mauldin, William and Kwanwoo Jun, "U.S., Korean Officials Agree to Amend Trade Deal Trump Disparaged," Wall Street Journal,, October 4, 2017. [2 pp] Canvas

METI, "Trade Control." Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry. [1p] Online

MOFCOM, "Mission," of the Ministry of Commerce, People's Republic of China, December 7, 2010. [3 pp] Canvas

Mufson, Steven, Joshua Partlow, and AlanFreeman, "Trump Twitter bombs and a negotiating standoff: How NAFTA talks could fail," Washington Post, October 6, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Panetta, Alexander, "Canada's 10 NAFTA demands: A list of what Canada wants as talks start this week," CBC News, August 14, 2017. [2p] Online

Pop, Valentina and Emre Peker, "EU Looks to Champion Free Trade in Wake of 'America First'," Wall Street Journal, September 13, 2017. [2p] Canvas

Porter, Eduardo, "Labor Wants to Make Nafta Its Friend. Here's the Problem," New York Times, August 22, 2017. [5p]. Canvas

Porter, Eduardo, "To Punish Putin, Economic Sanctions Are Unlikely to Do the Trick," New York Times, July 25, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Porter, Eduardo, "Trump's Trade Endgame Could Be the Undoing of Global Rules," New York Times, October 31, 2017. [5p] Canvas

Posen, Adam, "The Errors of Conservatives Obscure the Case for Trade," Financial Times, July 2 2014. [2p] Canvas

Public Citizen, "Fast Track: An Undemocratic Path to Unfair "Trade"," undated. [1p] Online

Rao, Prashant S. and Jack Ewing, "E.U. and Japan Reach Deal to Keep 'Flag of Free Trade Waving High'," New York Times. December 8, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Rosen, Howard F., "Strengthening Trade Adjustment Assistance," Policy Brief No. PB08-2, Peterson Institute for International Economics, January 2008, [10p]. Online

Sandbu, Martin, "Brexit showroom: UK picks an EU model," Financial Times, July 5, 2016, [5.13 minute video]. Online

Schlesinger, Jacob M., "How China Swallowed the WTO," Wall Street Journal, November 2, 2017. [12p] Canvas

Schultz, George P. and Pedro Aspe, "Nafta Needs an Update, Not Repeal," New York Times, October 15, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Scott, Robert E., "U.S.-Korea trade deal resulted in growing trade deficits and more than 95,000 lost U.S. jobs," Working Economics Blog, Economic Policy Institute, May 5, 2016. [3p]. Online

Swanson, Ana, "Democrats Pressure Trump to Fulfill Promise to Impose Steel Tariffs," New York Times, October 26, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Swanson, Ana, "Trump Must Decide on Tariffs for Imported Washing Machines," New York Times, November 21, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Taplin, Nathaniel, "Why Beijing Won't Just Let the Yuan Go," Wall Street Journal, October 14, 2017. [3p] Canvas

United States Department of Labor, "TAA Program Certifications, Benefits, and Services under the TAA Reauthorization Act of 2015," updated October 5, 2015. [2p] Online

USTR, "Summary of Objectives for the NAFTA Renegotiation," July 17, 2017. [17p] Online

USTR, "The President's Trade Policy Agenda," Part I of 2017 Trade Policy Agenda and 2016 Annual Report of the President of the United States on the Trade Agreements Program, March 1, 2017.. [7p] Canvas

Verrill, Charles Owen, Jr., "An Introduction To Trade Remedies Available Under U.S. Law," unpublished "Memorandum to Clients and Friends," April 1, 1999. [3p] Canvas

Vieira, Paul, "As Nafta Tensions Simmer, Canada Pursues Trade With Asia," Wall Street Journal, December 1, 2017. [2p] Canvas

Wall, Robert, "WTO Rules Washington State Support to Boeing Not a Prohibited Subsidy," Wall Street Journal, September 4, 2017. [2p] Canvas

Wheeler, Brian and Alex Hunt, "Brexit: All you need to know about the UK leaving the EU", BBC News, July 21, 2016 (no need to read the Q&A at the end). [21p] Online

Whelan, Robbie, "Mexico's Berry Bounty Fuels U.S. Trade Dispute", Wall Street Journal, October 7, 2017. [3p] Canvas

World Trade Organization, "Briefing note: The Expansion of Trade in Information Technology Products (ITA Expansion)," December 15, 2015. [4p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Causes and Effects of PTAs: Is it all about preferences?", Ch. C: World Trade Report 2011, pp. 92-121. [30p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Ministerial ends with decisions on fish subsidies, e-commerce duties; ongoing work continues," December 13, 2017. [2p] Online

World Trade Organization, Trade Facilitation Agreement: Easing the Flow of Goods across Borders, undated, but includes a chart "as of 16 April 2015". [8p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Trade Policy Review: China 2016". [7p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Trade Policy Review: Japan 2017". [3p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Trends in World Trade," and "World trade and GDP growth in 2016 and early 2017" Chapters II and III of World Trade Statistical Review 2017 (with data through 2016), pp. 8-27. [19p] Canvas

Wright, Robert, "Trump expects to make 'very quick' UK trade deal after Brexit," Financial Times, July 8, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Yglesias, Matthew, "Justin Trudeau, unlike Trump, is taking NAFTA renegotiation really seriously," Vox, August 3, 2017. [7p] Online

Yong, Charissa, "Singapore will do all it can to push RCEP negotiations forward as Asean chair: PM Lee," Straits Times, November 14, 2017. [3p] Online