These readings are all required. Many are freely available on the web and can be reached through links on this page and on the syllabus. Some are available on the web only by subscription, and the links must be accessed through the U of M. The few that are not are available at all on the web are on CTools.

Ackerman, Andrew, "White House, In Shift, Pushes to Revive U.S. Export-Import Bank," Wall Street Journal June 14, 2018. [3p] Canvas

Baldwin, Robert E. and Christopher S. Magee, "Is Trade Policy for Sale? Congressional Voting on Recent Trade Bills," Public Choice 105, 2000, pp. 79-101. [22p] Online-Springer

Barfield, Claude, "The president's China intellectual property order: Nothingburger or historic document?" blog post, American Enterprise Institute, August 22, 2017. [3p] Online

Beattie, Alan, "Mind your TRQs: a Brexit lesson in global trade" Financial Times, October 16, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Beattie, Alan, "The flaws in trying to compensate globalisation's losers" Financial Times, November 20, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Beesley, Arthur, "Brussels prepares market economy compromise for China," Financial Times July 20, 2016. [3p] Canvas

Bernhofen, Daniel M. and John C. Brown, "Gains from trade: evidence from nineteenth century Japan," Microeconomic Insights August 31, 2017. [4p] Online

Blackstone, Brian, "The Losing Battle Against the World's Most Powerful Currency," Wall Street Journal, June 16, 2016. [4 pp] Canvas

Bown, Chad P. and Melina Kolb, "Trump's Trade War Timeline: An Up-to-Date Guide," Trade and Investment Policy Watch, Peterson Institute of International Economics, August 6, 2018 (but watch for updates). [8 pp] Online

Brainard, Lael, Robert E. Litan, and Nicholas Warren, "Insuring America's Workers in a New Era of Offshoring," Policy Brief #143, Brookings Institution, 2005. [8p] Online

Branstetter, Lee, G., "China's Forced Technology Transfer Problem -- And What to Do About It," Policy Brief #18-3, Peterson Institute for International Economics, June, 2018. [10p] Online

Buffett, Warren E., "America's Growing Trade Deficit Is Selling the Nation Out From Under Us," Fortune, November 10, 2003. [5 pp] Online

Charlemagne, "The Trade War Within," Economist, April 20, 2011. [3p] | Online-Proquest

Davidson, Adam, "U.S. Tariffs On Shoes Favor Well-Heeled Buyers," NPR, Planet Money, Jun 12, 2007. [4 minutes] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "Economic Perspectives on Anti-Dumping Law," in John H. Jackson and Edwin A. Vermulst, eds., Antidumping Law and Practice: A Comparative Study, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1989, Ch. 2, pp. 23-39. [15p] Online

Deardorff, "Introduction to Comparative Advantage," August 27, 2003. [7p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "Nontariff Barriers and Domestic Regulation," unpublished lecture notes, June 3, 1999. [28p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "Trade Policy with Interacting Markets," unpublished lecture notes, October 20, 2010. [7p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V. and Rishi Sharma, "Exempted Sectors in Free Trade Agreements," May 25, 2018. [30p] Canvas

Deardorff, Alan V. and Robert M. Stern, "Introduction," in Alan V. Deardorff and Robert M. Stern, eds., Constituent Interests and U.S. Trade Policies, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1998, pp. 9-27. [19p] Canvas

DeLong, J. Bradford, "NAFTA and other trade deals have not gutted American manufacturing -- period," The Big Idea, Vox, January 24, 2017, [28p] Online

Donnan, Shawn, "Can Donald Trump deliver on his threat to pull out of Nafta?" Financial Times, August 28, 2017. [5p] Canvas

Donnan, Shawn, "Canada takes US to WTO over anti-dumping system" Financial Times, January 10, 2018. [3p] Canvas

Donnan, Shawn, "US seeks to deny China market economy status in WTO," Financial Times, November 30, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Economist, "The dangerous delusion of no-deal Brexit," Economist, Aug 2, 2018. [5p] Canvas

Economist, "Forty-four African countries sign a free-trade deal," Economist, Mar 22, 2018. [3p] Canvas

Economist, "How to Rescue the WTO," Economist, Jul 19, 2018. [5p] Canvas

Economist, "Watch your BMI: Investors are gorging on American assets," Economist, Jul 12, 2018. [4p] Canvas

Economist, "Buying local is more expensive than it looks," Economist, Nov 23, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Economist, "Donald Trump's other trade war -- with Rwanda -- over used clothes," Economist, Apr 5, 2018. [3p] Canvas

Economist, "A WTO ruling on aircraft subsidies raises the risk of a tariff war," Economist, May 19, 2018. [3p] Canvas

Edmondson, Catie, "Trump Administration Moves Ahead With Tariffs on Canadian Newsprint," New York Times, August 2, 2018. [3p] Canvas

European Commission, "The EU In Brief." [2p] Online

European Commission Directorate-General for Trade, "Policy Making" [2p] Online

European Commission Directorate-General for Trade, "Anti-dumping" [2p] Online

Feenstra, Robert C., "How Costly Is Protectionism?" Journal of Economic Perspectives 6, Summer, 1992, pp. 159-178. [20p] Online-JSTOR

Fetzer, James J., "A Partial Equilibrium Approach of Modeling Vertical Linkages in the U.S. Flat Rolled Steel Market," Office of Economics Working Paper 2005-01-A, US International Trade Commission, January 2005. [26p] Canvas

Fetzer, James J., "Certain Passenger Vehicles and Light Truck Tires from China -- Remedy memorandum," Office of Economics, US International Trade Commission, June 19 2009. [15p] Canvas

Fick, Maggie, "Nigeria adopts unorthodox measures to defend the naira" Financial Times August 16, 2015. [3p] Canvas

Freeman, Richard B., "Are Your Wages Set in Beijing?" Journal of Economic Perspectives 9, Summer, 1995, pp. 15-32. [19p] Online-JSTOR

Harding, Robin, Gabriel Wildau, and Song Jung-a, "China, Japan and South Korea draw closer on trade" Financial Times, May 9, 2018. [2p] Canvas

Hoekman, Bernard M. and Michel M. Kostecki, "The Trading System in Perspective: Functions of the Multilateral Trading System," Ch. 1 in The Political Economy of the World Trading System, 3rd ed. 2009, pp. 27-40. [14 pp] Canvas

Hufbauer, Gary Clyde and Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs, "The Outlook for Market Economy Status for China," blog post, Peterson Institute for International Economics, April 11, 2016. [7pp] Online

Jakob, Thinam, "Lesser Duty Rule and Community Interest in Anti-dumping Proceedings," Intereconomics, July/August 2001. [5p] Online-Springer

James, Sallie, "Maladjusted: The Misguided Policy of 'Trade Adjustment Assistance'," Briefing Paper No. 26, Center for Trade Policy Studies, Cato Institute, November 8, 2007. [13p] Online

Jun, Kwanwoo, "Trump's 'Great Deal' With South Korea Jeopardized by Car Tariff Dispute," Wall Street Journal, August 7, 2018. [3p] Canvas

Kabel, Robert J., "What's the Hold-Up? In the U.S., Fast-Track Presidential Authority Needed to Set Trade Legislation in Motion," undated post, apparently from 2014. [1p] Online

Lahart, Justin, "The Imperfect Science of How Much Tariffs Will Hurt," Wall Street Journal, July 6, 2018. [2p] Canvas

Lawrence, Robert Z., "A Numbers Argument for Renewing Trade Adjustment Assistance," Wall Street Journal, June 23, 2015. [2p] Online

Legorano, Giovanni, "Italy Threatens to Bring Down EU-Canada Free Trade Deal," Wall Street Journal, July 30, 2018. [3p] Canvas

Lewis, Leo, Kana Inagaki, and Mehreen Khan, "Japan and EU sign trade deal in move against protectionism," Financial Times, July 17, 2018. [3p] Canvas

Londoño, Ernesto and Motoko Rich, "U.S. Allies Sign Sweeping Trade Deal in Challenge to Trump," New York Times, Mach 8, 2018. [7p] Canvas

Magee, Christopher S.P., "Why Are Trade Barriers So Low?," Economic Affairs, October 7, 2011. [6 pp] Online-Wiley

Mauldin, William, "In U.S. Trade Fight With Canada, the Border Watches, Warily," Wall Street Journal,, August 21, 2017. [3 pp] Canvas

METI, "Trade Control." Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry. [1p] Online

Mitchell, Tom, "Trump's tariffs prove tougher obstacle than China expected," Financial Times, August 12, 2018. [5p] Canvas

MOFCOM, "Mission," of the Ministry of Commerce, People's Republic of China, December 7, 2010. [3 pp] Canvas

Murillo, Michelle, "US International Transactions, First Quarter 2018," Survey of Current Business, Bureau of Economic Analysis, July 2018. [11p] Online

Obstfeld, Maurice, "Targeting specific trade deficits is a game of whack-a-mole," Financial Times, April 22, 2018. [2p] Canvas

O'Keeffe, Kate and Siobhan Hughes, "Congress Ends Bid to Undo Trump Deal to Save China's ZTE," Wall Street Journal, July 20, 2018. [2p] Canvas

Peker, Emre, "EU Pursues Trade Talks with Australia in Wake of U.S. Tariffs," Wall Street Journal, June 18, 2018. [2p] Canvas

Pop, Valentina and Emre Peker, "EU Looks to Champion Free Trade in Wake of 'America First'," Wall Street Journal, September 13, 2017. [2p] Canvas

Porter, Eduardo, "To Punish Putin, Economic Sanctions Are Unlikely to Do the Trick," New York Times, July 25, 2017. [4p] Canvas

Porter, Eduardo, "Trump's Trade Endgame Could Be the Undoing of Global Rules," New York Times, October 31, 2017. [5p] Canvas

Posen, Adam, "The Errors of Conservatives Obscure the Case for Trade," Financial Times, July 2 2014. [2p] Canvas

Public Citizen, "Fast Track: An Undemocratic Path to Unfair 'Trade'," undated. [1p] Online

Rodrik, Dani, "The WTO has become dysfunctional," Financial Times, August 5, 2018, [3p] Canvas

Rosen, Howard F., "Strengthening Trade Adjustment Assistance," Policy Brief No. PB08-2, Peterson Institute for International Economics, January 2008, [10p]. Online

Schlesinger, Jacob M., "How China Swallowed the WTO," Wall Street Journal, November 2, 2017. [12p] Canvas

Schlesinger, Jacob M. and Erin Ailworth, "U.S. Imposes New Tariffs, Ramping Up 'America First' Trade Policy," Wall Street Journal, January 22, 2018. [4p] Canvas

Schultz, George P. and Pedro Aspe, "Nafta Needs an Update, Not Repeal," New York Times, October 15, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Scott, Robert E., "U.S.-Korea trade deal resulted in growing trade deficits and more than 95,000 lost U.S. jobs," Working Economics Blog, Economic Policy Institute, May 5, 2016. [3p]. Online

Soergel, Andrew, "What the U.S., Canada and Mexico Want From a New NAFTA," U.S. News and World Report, August 16, 2017. [5p] Canvas

Swanson, Ana, "United States and Mexico Are Nearing Nafta Compromise," New York Times, August 3, 2018. [6p] Canvas

Swanson, Ana, "White House to Impose Metal Tariffs on E.U., Canada and Mexico," New York Times, May 31, 2018. [6p] Canvas

Swanson, Ana and Jack Ewing, "Trump's National Security Claim for Tariffs Sets Off Crisis at W.T.O.," New York Times, August 12, 2018. [7p] Canvas

Taplin, Nathaniel, "Why Beijing Won't Just Let the Yuan Go," Wall Street Journal, October 14, 2017. [3p] Canvas

Trump, Donald J., "Addressing China's Laws, Policies, Practices, and Actions Related to Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Technology," Memorandum of August 14, 2017 to the United States Trade Representative, Federal Register. [1p] Online

United States Department of Labor, "TAA Program Certifications, Benefits, and Services under the TAA Reauthorization Act of 2015," updated October 5, 2015. [2p] Online

USTR, "Summary of Objectives for the NAFTA Renegotiation," July 17, 2017. [17p] Online

USTR, "The President's 2018 Trade Policy Agenda," United States Trade Representative, Executive Summary only, 2018. [2p] Canvas

Verrill, Charles Owen, Jr., "An Introduction To Trade Remedies Available Under U.S. Law," unpublished "Memorandum to Clients and Friends," April 1, 1999. [3p] Canvas

Vieira, Paul, "As Nafta Tensions Simmer, Canada Pursues Trade With Asia," Wall Street Journal, December 1, 2017. [2p] Canvas

Wall, Robert, "WTO Rules Washington State Support to Boeing Not a Prohibited Subsidy," Wall Street Journal, September 4, 2017. [2p] Canvas

Ward, Alex, " 'A semi-truce': Trump makes an EU deal to avoid a trade war," Vox, July 25, 2018. [4p] Online

Wheeler, Brian and Alex Hunt, "Brexit: All you need to know about the UK leaving the EU", BBC News, July 21, 2016 (no need to read the Q&A at the end). [21p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Causes and Effects of PTAs: Is it all about preferences?", Ch. C: World Trade Report 2011, pp. 92-121. [30p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Highlights of world trade in 2017," and "Latest trends in world trade 2017-2018" Chapters II and III of World Trade Statistical Review 2018 (with data through 2017), pp. 8-39. [31p] Canvas

World Trade Organization, "Ministerial ends with decisions on fish subsidies, e-commerce duties; ongoing work continues," December 13, 2017. [2p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Trade Policy Review: China 2018". [6p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Trade Policy Review: Japan 2017". [3p] Online

Wroughton Lesley and Roberta Rampton, "Trump moves toward China tariffs in warning shot on technology transfer," Reuters March 22, 2018. [3p] Online