Anania, Giovanni, "Agricultural Export Restrictions and the WTO: What Options Do Policymakers Have for Promoting Food Security," ICTSD (International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Issue Paper No 50, Nov 2013, pp. 1-19, 35-37. [22p] Online

Anderlini, Jamil, "Thousands of Taiwanese rally against closer ties with China," Financial Times, March 30, 2014.3 [p] Online-Proquest

Anderson, Kym, "Food Price and Trade Policy Evolution Since the 1950s: A Global Perspective," World Food Policy 1(1), Spring 2014, pp. 12-33. [22p] CTools

Barfield, Claude, "The Trans-Pacific Partnership: A Model for Twenty-First-Century Trade Agreements?" International Economic Outlook No. 2, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, June 2011. [15p] Online

Barkham, Patrick, "The banana wars explained," The Guardian, March 5, 1999. [3p] Online

Bartiromo, Maria, "Saudi prince: $100-a-barrel oil 'never' again," USA Today, January 11, 2015. [ [2p] Online

Benjamin, Daniel K., "Voluntary Export Restraints on Automobiles," PERC Reports 17(3), Property and Environment Research Center, Fall 1999. [2p] Online

Bennett, Drake, "How GMO Crops Can Be Good for the Environment," Bloomberg Businessweek, November 18, 2014. [1p] Online

Berry, Steven, James Levinsohn, and Ariel Pakes, "Voluntary Export Restraints on Automobiles: Evaluating a Trade Policy," American Economic Review 89(3), 1999 400-30, pp. 400-404, 428-429 only. [7p] Online-JSTOR

Besedes, Tibor and Thomas J. Prusa, "Antidumping and the Death of Trade," NBER working paper #19555, Oct 2013, read only pp. 1-8, 28-29. [10p] Online-NBER

Bhagwati, Jagdish, "The Rise of Protectionism," Chapter 3 in Bhagwati, Protectionism, MIT Press, 1988, pp. 43-59. [17p] CTools

Bjerga, Alan, "U.S. Reaches Deal With Brazil," Bloomberg, October 1, 2014. [2p] Online

Bobrow, Davis B. and Robert T. Kudrle, "Theory, Policy, and Resource Cartels: The Case of OPEC," Journal of Conflict Resolution, 20(1), March 1976, pp. 3-56. [54p] Online-JSTOR

Bosworth, Barry, "Barry Bosworth on the Effect of Sanctions on Russia's Economic Slide," Brookings Now, December 3, 2014. [2p] Online

Bouët, Antoine and David Laborde Debucquet, "Economics of Export Taxation in a Context of Food Crisis," IFPRI Discussion Paper 00994, June 2010, pp. 1-4, 12-19. [12p] Online

Bouman, John, "Oligopoly and Game Theory," Section 4 of Inflate Your Mind: Microeconomics, Unit 8, August 31, 2014. [2p] Online

Bown, Chad P., "Taking Stock of Antidumping, Safeguards and Countervailing Duties," The World Economy, Dec 2011, pp. 1955-1987, 1990-1992. [34p] Online-Wiley

Bown, Chad P., "Why Are Safeguards under the WTO So Unpopular?" World Trade Review 1(1), March 2002, pp. 47-62. [16p] Online

Bremmer, Ian, "Obama pushes power of weaponised finance to its limits" Financial Times March 3, 2015. [1p] CTools

Bown, Chad P. and Rachel McCulloch, "Trade adjustment in the WTO system: Are more safeguards the answer?" Oxford Review of Economic Policy 23(3), 2007, pp. 415-439. [25p] Online

Brown, Jacob, "U.S. May Drop 'Chicken Tax' Truck Tariff; Start Sending Toyota Checks for a Hilux Now,", August 5, 2013. [1p] Online

Buchanan, Elsa, "TTIP: Have we lost our democratic privileges?" The London Economic, August 5, 2014. [6p] Online

Carlton, Dennis W. and Jeffrey M. Perloff, "OPEC," in Modern Industrial Organization, CHapter 5, "Cartels, Oligopoly, and Joint Decision Making," 2014 [6p] CTools

Castle, Stephen, "GM food must be allowed into Europe, WTO rules," The Independent , February 8, 2006. [2p] Online

Chaffin, Joshua and Roman Olearchyk, "EU courts Ukraine as rival suitor perseveres," Financial Times, September 25, 2013. [2p] Online-Proquest

Charnovitz, Steve and Bernard Hoekman, "US Special Safeguard on Imports of Tires from China: Imposing Pain for Little Gain," World Trade Review 12(2), 2013, pp. 273-296 [24p] CTools

China-Taiwan, website with multiple articles, browse. Online

Chung, Sunghoon, Joonhyung Lee, and Thomas Osang, "Did China Tire Safeguard Save U.S. Workers?" working paper, July 26, 2012, sections 1, 2, & 4 only. [3p] [12p] Online

Crandall, Robert W., "The Effects of U.S. Trade Protection for Autos and Steel," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Vol 1987, No. 1, 1987, pp. 271-288. [18p] Online-JSTOR

Deardorff, Alan V., "Benefits and Costs of Following Comparative Advantage," in The Economic Outlook for 1998, Forty-Fifth Annual Conference on the Economic Outlook, Ann Arbor, MI, 1997 [42p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "Economic Perspectives on Antidumping Law," in John H. Jackson and Edwin A. Vermulst, eds., Antidumping Law and Practice: A Comparative Study,, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1989, Chapter 2, pp. 23-39; RSIE Postprint No. 7. [15p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "Safeguards Policy and the Conservative Social Welfare Function," in Henryk Kierzkowski, ed., Protection and Competition in International Trade: Essays in Honor of W. M. Corden, Oxford.: Blackwell, 1987, pp. 22-40. Read sections 1 and 6 only. [5p] Online

Deardorff, Alan V., "A Sample of News about Export Restrictions for Agriculture and Raw Materials," August 2010 through 2014. [14p] CTools

Deardorff, Alan V., "The Simple Theory of Cartels," to be written, Date [5p?] CTools

Deardorff, Alan V., "Tariff in Partial Equilibrium," in Deardorff's Glossary of International Economics, Website. [4p?] Online

Deardorff, Alan V. and Robert M. Stern, "A Centennial of Antidumping Legislation and Implementation: Introduction and Overview," World Economy 28(5), May 2005, pp. 633-640; RSIE No. 538 [10p] Online

Dolan, Matthew, "To Outfox the Chicken Tax, Ford Strips Its Own Vans," Wall Street Journal, Sep 23, 2009. [3p] Online-Proquest

Dyer, Geoff, "Sanctions: War by Other Means," Financial Times, Mar 30, 2014. [5p] Online-Proquest

Economist, "Game of Zones," The Economist, March 21, 2015. [3p] CTools

Economist, "Protectionism: The Battle of Smoot-Hawley," The Economist, December 18, 2008. [6p] Online-Proquest

Eichelberger, Erika, "The Biggest Secret Trade Deal You've Never Heard Of, Explained," Mother Jones, July 10, 2013. [7p] Online

Eichengreen, Barry, "European Economic Community," The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, 1992, pp. 1-3. (Omit section on Monetary Unification.) [3p] Online

Elliott, Kimberly Ann, Gary ClydeHufbauer, and Barbara Oegg, "Sanctions," The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, 2008. [8p] Online

Esterdahl, Tim, "Current Negotiations Could End 'Chicken Tax',", April 23, 2014, pp. 1-2,4. (Omit section on Trade Agreements Impact.) [3p] Online

Europa, "The history of the European Union," website with links Online

Europa, "Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: The Economic Analysis Explained," September 2013. [18p] Online

European Parliament, "Win-win ending to the 'hormone beef trade war'," Press Release, March 14, 2012. [1p] Online

Fahey, Jonathan, "Guessing Game: What Are OPEC Nations Thinking?" ABC News from Associated Press, November 25, 2014. [2p] Online

Farnsworth, Clyde H. and Daniel F. Cuff, "'Voluntary' Import Restraint," New York Times, September 20, 1984 [5p] CTools

Fliess, Barbara, Christine Arriola, and Peter Liapis, "Recent Developments in the Use of Export Restrictions in Raw Materials Trade," Chap 1 in OECD, Export Restrictions in Raw Materials Trade: Facts, Fallacies, and Better Practices, 2014, pp. 17-31, 40-49. [25p] Online

Friedman, Uri, "Smart Sanctions: A Short History," Foreign Policy, April 23, 2012, pp. 1-5. [5p] Online

Gaddy, Clifford G. and Barry W. Ickes, "Can Sanctions Stop Putin?" June 3, 2014, Brookings. [7p] Online

Garland, Eric, "OPEC Crude Oil Prices from 1960-2013," chart, September 21, 2013. [1p] Online

Gillson, Ian, Colin Poulton, Kelvin Balcombe, and Sheila Page, "Understanding the impact of Cotton Subsidies on developing countries," Working Paper, May 2004, read only pp. 3-22, 63-66. [22p] Online

Grimmett, Jeanne J., "Chinese Tire Imports: Section 421 Safeguards and the World Trade Organization (WTO)," Congressional Research Service, Report to Congress, July 12, 2011. [33p] Online

Harrison-Dunn, Annie-Rose, "EU-US beef import extension eases transatlantic dispute,", August 8, 2013. [1p] Online

Hellyer, Mark, "EU-Ukraine free trade area explained: expert briefing for media,", October 9, 2013. [3p] Online

Hepher, Tim, "EU may challenge $8.7 billion U.S. tax breaks in Boeing-Airbus trade dispute," Reuters, May 19, 2014. [2p] Online

Hepher, Tim, "U.S. to rap European Union over compliance in Airbus subsidy dispute," Reuters, April 16, 2013. [1p] Online

Hirst, Tomas, "OPEC Votes Not To Cut Production, Oil Prices Plummet," Business Insider, November 27, 2014. [4p] Online

Hufbauer, Gary Clyde, Cathleen Cimino, and Tyler Moran, "NAFTA at 20: Misleading Charges and Positive Achievements," Peterson Institute for International Economics, No. PB 14-13, May 2014, pp. 1-17 only. [17p] Online

Hufbauer, Gary Clyde and Sean Lowry, "US Tire Tariffs: Saving Few Jobs at High Cost," Peterson Institute for International Economics, Policy Brief No. PB12-9, April 2012. [14p] Online

Ikenson, Daniel J., "Ending the 'Chicken War': The Case for Abolishing the 25 Percent Truck Tariff," Trade Briefing Paper No. 17, Cato Institute, June 18, 2003. [12p] Online

Irwin, Douglas A., Free Trade Under Fire, 2002, pp. 173-175. [2p] CTools

Irwin, Douglas A., "International Trade Agreements," The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, 2008 [5p] Online

Irwin, Douglas A., "The Smoot-Hawley Tariff: A Quantitative Assessment," Review of Economics and Statistics, May 1998, pp. 326-330, 333-334. (Ignore details of estimation and omit Section III and Appendix.) [7p] Online

Jackson, John H., "The Perplexities of Subsidies in International Trade," The World Trading System: Law and Policy of International Economic Relations, Second Edition, MIT Press, 1997, Chapter 11 [25p] CTools

James, Wil, "History of the European Union," Civitas, Institute for the Study of Civil Society, 2006 [1p] Online

Johnson, Lyndon B., "Proclamation Increasing Rates of Duty on Specified Articles," December 4, 1963. [1p] Online

Johnson, Renée and Charles E. Hanrahan, "The U.S.-EU Beef Hormone Dispute," Congressional Research Service, Report to Congress 7-5700, December 6, 2010. [22p] Online

Jones, Kent, "Voluntary Export Restraint: Political Economy, History and the Role of the GATT," Journal of World Trade 23(3), 1989, pp. 125-140. [16p] Online-HeinOnline

Josling, Tim, Donna Roberts, and Ayesha Hassan, "The Beef-Hormone Dispute and its Implications for Trade Policy," undated manuscript. [35p] Online

Kanter, James and David Jolly, "For Trade Deal with U.S., E.U. Official Reinforces Plans to Press Ahead," New York Times, November 21, 2014. [4p] Online

Kienstra, Jeffrey D., "Cleared For Landing: Airbus, Boeing, and the WTO Dispute over Subsidies to Large Civil Aircraft," Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business 32(3), 2012, pp. 569-606. [39p] Online

Kitano, Taiju and Hiroshi Ohashi, "Did US safeguards resuscitate Harley-Davidson in the 1980s?," Journal of International Economics 79(2), November 2009, 186-197, read only pp. 196-190, 196 (thus skipping sections 3 & 4). [6p] Online-Science Direct

Koyama, Kumiko, "The Passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act: Why Did the President Sign the Bill?" Journal of Policy History 21(2), 2009, pp. 163-186 [25p] CTools-Ebsco

Krugman, Paul, Maurice Obstfeld, and Marc Melitz, "Imperfect Competition and Strategic Trade Policy," International Economics: Theory and Policy, 9th Edition, Addison Wesley, 2012, pp. 274-277. [4p] CTools

Kryvoi, Yaraslau, "Why European Union Trade Sanctions Do Not Work," Minnesota Journal of International Law, 17:2, 2008. [38p] Online

Lawrence, Robert, "The chickens have come home to roost," guest blogger on Dani Rodrik's weblog, May 4, 2009. [1p + comments] Online

Lynch, Diahanna and David Vogel, "The Regulation of GMOs in Europe and the United States: A Case-Study of Contemporary European Regulatory Politics," Council on Foreign Relations, April 5, 2001. [36p] Online

Mankiw, N. Gregory & Phillip L. Swagel, "Antidumping: The Third Rail of Trade Policy," Foreign Affairs 84(4), Jul/Aug 2005. [13p] Online

Mayer Brown, "WTO Appellate Body Upholds Special Safeguard Measure Imposed by the United States on Certain Chinese Tires," Mayer Brown Legal Update, September 12, 2011. [1p] Online

Messerlin, Patrick A. and Hilda Fridh, "The Agreement on Safeguards: Proposals for Change in the Light of the EC Steel Safeguards," Journal of World Trade, Issue 4, 2006, pp. 713-751, read only pp. 713-732. [20p] Online-HeinOnline

Mikesell, Raymond F., "The Lessons of Benelux and the European Coal and Steel Community for the European Economic Community," American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings, May 1958, pp. 428-441. [14p] Online-JSTOR

Nuthall, Keith, "EU and US Try to Resolve Beef Hormone Dispute,", October 22, 2013. [1p] Online

OECD, Inventory of Restrictions on Exports of Raw Materials, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, website Online

Olearchyk, Roman, "Thousands protest in Kiev over snub to EU," Financial Times, November 24, 2013. [3p] Online-Proquest

Olearchyk, Roman and Peter Spiegel, "Ukraine puts EU pact talks on hold," Financial Times, November 21, 2013. [2p] Online-Proquest

Olofson, Fredrik, "Trade Gone Bananas: A Study of Political Control over Trade," Master Thesis in European Studies, University of Gothenburg, May 25, 2012, pp. 21-22 only. [2p] CTools

OPEC, "Brief History." [2p] Online

OPEC, "Our Achievements @ 50." [6p] Online

Palmer, Alice, "The WTO GMO Dispute: Implications for developing countries and the need for an appeal," GM Amicus Coalition, November, 2006, pp. 1-10, 13. [11p] Online

Peters, B. Guy and Jon Pierre, "Food Policy as a Wicked Problem: Contending with Multiple Demands and Actors," World Food Policy 1(1), Spring 2014, pp. 4-11. [8p] CTools

Pifer, Steven, "Can Sanctions Deter Putin's Plans for Ukraine?" video. Online

Pollack, Andrew, "Japan to End Export Restraints on Auto Exports to U.S.," New York Times, March 29, 1994. [2p] Online

Preusse, Heinz Gert, "Voluntary Export Restraints - An Effective Means against a Spread of Neo-Protectionism?," Journal of World Trade 25(2), 1991, pp. 5-18. [14p] Online-HeinOnline

Ramzy, Austin, "Opponents of China Trade Deal Occupy Taiwan's Legislature," New York Times, March 19, 2014. [2p] Online

Rosegrant, Susan, "Banana Wars: Challenges to the European Union's Banana Regime," Case Studies in US Trade Negotiation, Vol 2: Resolving Disputes, Institute for International Economics, 2006, pp. 97-136 only. [39p] Online

Schaffer, Agusti, and Dhooge, "Heavyweight Motorcycles & Engines & Power-Train Subassemblies" International Business Law and Its Enforcement, pp. 294-296, in Part 3: International and U.S. Trade Law, 2011. [1p] CTools

Scott, Robert E., "The high price of 'free' trade: NAFTA's failure has cost the United States jobs across the nation," Economic Policy Institute, Briefing Paper No. 147, November 17, 2003. [13p] Online

ST&R, "Mexico Agrees to Limit Auto Exports to Brazil," Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg Trade Report, March 20, 2012. [1p] Online

ST&R, "Mexico and China Agree to Establish Restrictions on Bilateral Footwear Trade," Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg Trade Report, April 10, 2012. [2p] Online

Talbot, Ross B., "Crossing Points of the Conflict: A Predictable Impasse" and "Aftermath of the Chicken War," The Chicken War: An International Trade Conflict Between the United States and the European Economic Community, 1961-1964, Iowa State Univ. Press, 1978, pp. 64-85, 118-122. [26p] CTools

Telegraph staff, "Banana war ends after 20 years," The Telegraph, November 9, 2012. [2p] Online

United States International Trade Commission, Heavyweight Motorcycles & Engines & Power-Train Subassemblies, Report to the President on Investigation No. TA-201-47, 1983. pp. 1-21 only. [21p] Online

United States Trade Representative, "United States Prevails in WTO Section 421 Safeguard Dispute with China," Press Release, December 2010. [1p] Online

Wallach, Lori, "NAFTA on Steroids," The Nation, July 16-23, 2012. [5p] Online

Wolf, Martin, "Why voluntary export restraints? An historical analysis," The World Economy 12(3), 1989, pp. 273-91. Date [19p] Online-Wiley

Woodward, Andrea R., "The Impact of U.S. Subsidies on West African Cotton Production," Cornell University, 2007. [13p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures," WTO website. [5p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Anti-dumping actions," WTO website. [1p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Dispute DS26: European Communities - Measures Concerning Meat and Meat Products (Hormones)," May 9, 2014. [4p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Dispute DS291: European Communities - Measures Affecting the Approval and Marketing of Biotech Products," January 17 2008. [4p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Dispute DS267: United States - Subsidies on Upland Cotton," October 16, 2014. [9p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Dispute DS316: European Communities - Measures Affecting Trade in Large Civil Aircraft," April 13, 2012. [8p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Dispute DS353: United States - Measures Affecting Trade in Large Civil Aircraft - Second Complaint," October 23, 2012. [7p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Safeguards: emergency protection from imports," WTO website. [2p] Online

World Trade Organization, "Subsidies and countervailing measures: Overview," WTO website. [2p] Online

Zycher, Benjamin, "OPEC," The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, Library of Economics and Liberty, 2008. [5p] Online