Andrew Goodman-Bacon
    PhD Candidate in Economics
       University of Michigan
       Population Studies Center

    Curriculum Vitae




Contact Information


(734) 476-8618
University of Michigan
Department of Economics, Population Studies Center
611 Tappan Street
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

Working Papers

Job Market Paper:
Public Insurance and Mortality: Evidence from Medicaid Implementation
       November 2013. Appendices here.

        Marginal Revolution , Center for Equitable Growth, Vox

This paper provides new evidence that Medicaid’s introduction reduced mortality rates among nonwhite infants and children in the 1960s and 1970s. Medicaid required states to cover all cash welfare recipients, which induced substantial cross-state variation in the share of children immediately eligible for the program. Before Medicaid, higher- and lower eligibility states had similar public insurance use and child mortality rates. At implementation, Medicaid eligibility for nonwhite children ranged across states from 5 to 33 percent and, for white children, from 0.5 to 10 percent. After Medicaid implementation, public insurance utilization increased and mortality fell more rapidly among nonwhite children and infants in high-Medicaid-eligibility states. My estimates suggest that the introduction of Medicaid can account for eight percent of the decline in nonwhite child mortality and fifteen percent of the reduction in the racial gap in child mortality between 1965 and 1980.

The Effect of Means-Tested Public Insurance on Out-of-Pocket Expenditures

This paper uses survey data from 1963 and 1970 with restricted access geographic identifiers to examine the effect of Medicaid implementation on total and out-of-pocket health spending as well as health care utilization. The results suggest that Medicaid increased total expenditures and utilization among low-income families without increasing out-of-pocket spending.

The War on Poverty’s Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers
and the Mortality of Older Americans (with Martha Bailey)
        November 2013. Conditionally Accepted at the American Economic Review
       Project Website
               A. Data Cleaning
               B. Health Center Activities
               C. Mortality Summary Statistics
               D. Additional Evidence of the Validity of the Design
               E. Robustness Checks
               F. Interpretation and Mechanisms
               G. Additional Estimates
               H. Results for all CHCs, 1965-1980

This paper uses the rollout of the first Community Health Centers (CHCs) to study the longer-term health effects of increasing access to primary care. Within ten years of their establishment, CHCs are associated with reductions in age-adjusted mortality rates of almost 2 percent--effects driven by those 50 and older. The implied 7 to 9 percent decrease in one-year mortality risk among beneficiaries amounts to 20 to 28 percent of the 1966 poor/non-poor mortality gap for this age group. Large effects for those 65 and older suggest that increased access to primary care has longer-term benefits, even for populations with near universal health insurance.

Published Papers

How Do EITC Recipients Spend Their Refunds? (with Leslie McGranahan)
        Economic Perspectives , Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 31, First Quarter 2007

Who Are Temporary Nurses? (with Yukako Ono)
       Economic Perspectives , Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 32, Second Quarter 2008.